US971916A - Non-refillable bottle. - Google Patents

Non-refillable bottle. Download PDF

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Publication number
US971916A
US971916A US47086109A US1909470861A US971916A US 971916 A US971916 A US 971916A US 47086109 A US47086109 A US 47086109A US 1909470861 A US1909470861 A US 1909470861A US 971916 A US971916 A US 971916A
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United States
Prior art keywords
bottle
valve
receptacle
neck
openings
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US47086109A
Inventor
John Missall
Albert Sommer
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to US47086109A priority Critical patent/US971916A/en
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Publication of US971916A publication Critical patent/US971916A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves
    • B65D49/04Weighted valves
    • B65D49/06Weighted valves with additional loading weights

Definitions

  • This invention relates more particularly to a non-refillable bottle in which the protecting means is located in the bottle neck.
  • the primary object of the invention is to provide a simple and eflicient device having a valve which is so protected that it cannot be tampered with, and which device is so arranged that the bottle or receptacle must be held in a certain position before the valve, which forms a part of the protecting means, can be unseated to permit the flow of the liquid from the interior of the receptacle or bottle to the bottle mouth, and which valve will immediately engage its seat if an attempt is made to refill the bottle, thus overcoming many of the objections incident to devices of this class as ordinarily constructed.
  • a further object of the invention is to provide a simple and efficient device which may be held within the bottle neck, and which is so constructed that the said device forming a protective means will add but a comparatively small cost to the bottle of which it forms a part.
  • Figure 1 is a fragmentary vertical section of the upper part of a bottle showing one form of our invention applied thereto.
  • Fig. 2 is a sectional plan view, taken on the line IIII of Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 3 is a detail elevation of one element or member of the protecting means; and
  • Fig. 4 is a detail elevation of the inner element or member of the device or protecting means.
  • the bottle 10, or other receptacle may have a body portion 11 adapted to hold a liquid and which may be provided with the usual or any preferred form of neck 12. Extending across the bottle neck at .the lower portion thereof is a shoulder 13 provided with a supporting surface 14: on which is adapted to rest an element or member 15 Specification of Letters Patent.
  • This member 15 has a substantially cylindrical portion 16 which is adapted to fit within the bottle neck, and said cylindrical portion may be sealed or held to the bottle neck in any desired way so that the same cannot be removed without showing that the device has been tampered with.
  • the member 15 is reduced in diameter, as at 17, and is provided with a plurality of lateral holes or openings 18 above which is a substantially conical head 19.
  • the head 19 provides a solid or closed sur face throughout its entire extent, and the I openings 18 therethrough, by reason of the reduced part 17, are located under the head 19 so that it will be necessary to bend a tool or other device before the opening 18 can be entered from without the bottle mouth.
  • a second member or element 20 may be located within the member 15, and this member may be loosely held within and detachable from said member 15, and is adapted to rest upon the surface let of the shoulder 13.
  • the member 20 is provided with an enlarged part 21 adapted to fit the part 16 of the member 15, and has a cylindrical portion 22 adapted to extend upwardly within the member 15 some distance above the openings 18, and within the head 19.
  • the upper edge of the cylindrical portion 22 may be serrated, as at 23, to provide a number of lateral openings 24: for the liquid, and said upper end may be located adjacent to or in direct contact with the inner surface of said head at its outer edge, and within the member 20 is a valve seat 25 which is adapted to be engaged by a valve 26 of any suitable form.
  • valve seat 25 is concaved and the valve 26 is spherical and is adapted to normally engage said seat, and extending inwardly from the valve 26 is a rod, wire, or connection 27 on the outer end of which is a weight 28.
  • the position of the weight and its connection with respect to the valve 26 is such that the weight will tend normally to keep the valve 26 to its seat, and owing to the curved inner surface 29 of the element 20, and the form of the wire or connection 27 which tends to act with a cam-like action to draw the valve to its seat, it will be necessary to tilt the bottle or receptacle almost to a vertical inverted position before the valve 26 can be unseated to permit the liquid to flow from the bottle 11 of the receptacle.
  • the liquid will pass through the tubular inner member 20 past the valve 26, through the lateral openings 2% between the upper edge of said inner element and the head 19, and out through the openings 18 into the bottle neck from which the liquid may be poured, the bottle neck being provided with the usual or any preferred form of stopper to close the outer end thereof if desired.

Description

Patented Oct. 4, 1910.-.
S S a 0111111611 INVEIYILIIRS QWZZZQQMLZ/ jo hxxhlx Qlbut 3 NON-EEFILLABLE BOTTLE.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 5, 11909.
ATTORNEYS 51: ca, wAsmnnroN. 04 c.
UNTE
anion.
JOHN MISSALL AND ALBERT SUMMER, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
NON-REFILLABLE BOTTLE.
errors.
To all whom it may concern:
ie it known that we, JOHN MISSALL and ALBERT SOMMER, citizens of the United States, and residents of New York, county of Richmond, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Non-Refillable Bottles, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates more particularly to a non-refillable bottle in which the protecting means is located in the bottle neck.
The primary object of the invention is to provide a simple and eflicient device having a valve which is so protected that it cannot be tampered with, and which device is so arranged that the bottle or receptacle must be held in a certain position before the valve, which forms a part of the protecting means, can be unseated to permit the flow of the liquid from the interior of the receptacle or bottle to the bottle mouth, and which valve will immediately engage its seat if an attempt is made to refill the bottle, thus overcoming many of the objections incident to devices of this class as ordinarily constructed.
A further object of the invention is to provide a simple and efficient device which may be held within the bottle neck, and which is so constructed that the said device forming a protective means will add but a comparatively small cost to the bottle of which it forms a part.
With these and other objects in view, the invention will. be hereinafter more particularly described with reference to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification, and will then be pointed out in the claims at the end of the description.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a fragmentary vertical section of the upper part of a bottle showing one form of our invention applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a sectional plan view, taken on the line IIII of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a detail elevation of one element or member of the protecting means; and Fig. 4 is a detail elevation of the inner element or member of the device or protecting means.
The bottle 10, or other receptacle, may have a body portion 11 adapted to hold a liquid and which may be provided with the usual or any preferred form of neck 12. Extending across the bottle neck at .the lower portion thereof is a shoulder 13 provided with a supporting surface 14: on which is adapted to rest an element or member 15 Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed January 5, 1909.
Patented Get. a, 1919.
Serial No. 470,861.
of a device 15 This member 15 has a substantially cylindrical portion 16 which is adapted to fit within the bottle neck, and said cylindrical portion may be sealed or held to the bottle neck in any desired way so that the same cannot be removed without showing that the device has been tampered with. The member 15 is reduced in diameter, as at 17, and is provided with a plurality of lateral holes or openings 18 above which is a substantially conical head 19. The head 19 provides a solid or closed sur face throughout its entire extent, and the I openings 18 therethrough, by reason of the reduced part 17, are located under the head 19 so that it will be necessary to bend a tool or other device before the opening 18 can be entered from without the bottle mouth.
A second member or element 20 may be located within the member 15, and this member may be loosely held within and detachable from said member 15, and is adapted to rest upon the surface let of the shoulder 13. The member 20 is provided with an enlarged part 21 adapted to fit the part 16 of the member 15, and has a cylindrical portion 22 adapted to extend upwardly within the member 15 some distance above the openings 18, and within the head 19. The upper edge of the cylindrical portion 22 may be serrated, as at 23, to provide a number of lateral openings 24: for the liquid, and said upper end may be located adjacent to or in direct contact with the inner surface of said head at its outer edge, and within the member 20 is a valve seat 25 which is adapted to be engaged by a valve 26 of any suitable form.
As shown the valve seat 25 is concaved and the valve 26 is spherical and is adapted to normally engage said seat, and extending inwardly from the valve 26 is a rod, wire, or connection 27 on the outer end of which is a weight 28. The wire 27, instead of being straight, may be curved in any suitable manner, and the weight 28 is so arranged as to be immovably held on the wire or connection 27.. The position of the weight and its connection with respect to the valve 26 is such that the weight will tend normally to keep the valve 26 to its seat, and owing to the curved inner surface 29 of the element 20, and the form of the wire or connection 27 which tends to act with a cam-like action to draw the valve to its seat, it will be necessary to tilt the bottle or receptacle almost to a vertical inverted position before the valve 26 can be unseated to permit the liquid to flow from the bottle 11 of the receptacle. As will be seen when the bottle is tilted sufficiently to unseat the valve, the liquid will pass through the tubular inner member 20 past the valve 26, through the lateral openings 2% between the upper edge of said inner element and the head 19, and out through the openings 18 into the bottle neck from which the liquid may be poured, the bottle neck being provided with the usual or any preferred form of stopper to close the outer end thereof if desired.
From the foregoing it will be seen that simple and effective protecting means is provided which may be located within the bottle neck or other portion of a liquid-containing receptacle; that said protecting means is so constructed that the additional cost to the bottle or receptacle will be very small; that the parts of the protecting means are so constructed that they may be readily made and placed in position; that the valve forming a part of the protecting means is so concealed and arranged that it cannot be easily tampered with from without, and that the valve is so held to its seat that it requires the receptacle to be tilted to a considerable extent or jarred before said valve can be unseated, thus serving as an effective means to permit the bottle being refilled.
Having thus described our invention, we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent l. The combination with a bottle neck provided at its base with an internal annular shoulder, of a device comprising an outer member and an inner member both resting on said shoulder, said inner member being open at both ends and having an external contour conforming to the internal contour of said outer member, said outer member being open at its lower end and having a closed dome-shaped upper portion, and a contracted portion formed with pouring openings and a weighted valve supported within said inner member.
2. The combination with a receptacle having a neck provided at its base with an internal annular shoulder, of a device comprising an outer member resting on said shoulder, and wholly within said neck, open at its lower end and having a closed domeshaped upper end, of less diameter than said neck, and contracted intermediate its ends and formed with pouring openings, and an inner tubular member open at both ends and flared at its lower end to adapt it to also restupon said shoulder and having an external contour conforming to the internal contour of said outer member the upper end of said inner member terminating below the upper end of the outer member but above the openings therein, and having a valve seat, and a valve supported on said seat.
This specification signed and witnessed this %th day of January A. D. 1909.
JOHN MISSALL. ALBERT SOMMER.
Witnesses V. A. TOWNER, Jr., C. BARTELS.
US47086109A 1909-01-05 1909-01-05 Non-refillable bottle. Expired - Lifetime US971916A (en)

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