US96598A - Improvement in fountain-pens - Google Patents

Improvement in fountain-pens Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US96598A
US96598A US96598DA US96598A US 96598 A US96598 A US 96598A US 96598D A US96598D A US 96598DA US 96598 A US96598 A US 96598A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
ink
stem
passage
valve
point
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US96598A publication Critical patent/US96598A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K5/00Pens with ink reservoirs in holders, e.g. fountain-pens
    • B43K5/18Arrangements for feeding the ink to the nibs
    • B43K5/1818Mechanical feeding means, e.g. valves; Pumps
    • B43K5/1827Valves
    • B43K5/1836Valves automatically closing
    • B43K5/1845Valves automatically closing opened by actuation of the writing point

Definitions

  • the object of my invention is to produce an instrument for writing with inlf. which shall be a substitute for both pen and pencils. and which can be carried about the person with all the facility of an ordinary pencil, and be always ready for immediate use.
  • This I call an ink-pencil.
  • Fignre l is a longitudinal sectional view of one oi my improved ink-pencils or writing-instruments;
  • Figure 2 is a transverse sectional view; ⁇ and Figure 3 shows a modification of the point, which may be employed for such purposes as it may be adapted for.
  • the case A for holding a supply of ink, has on its lower end the tapering or conical end B, which is solid, excepting an extended narrow passage through it, which is formed of a uniform width or vdiameter throughout, and in which the lower part of the rod or stem() tits loosely, projecting a short distance from the lower extremity of the passage.
  • I form a depression or sediment-well, g, to receive any sediment that'may ⁇ be deposited by the ink, and prevent its entering and clogging the passage a.
  • a circular edge for a valve-seat is thus formed around the top of the opening, between it and the well, and the opening is closed by an India-rubber yalve or stop, b, upon the stem C.
  • the length and tension of the spring maybe regulated as required.
  • the lower part of the stem O may be flattened-and made wider, as shown in iff. 3, the passage a being, of course, made of'a corresponding shape.
  • the top of the case A has' a narrow air-passage or vent, i, through it, and is surmounted by. a screwuut, F, by means of which the passage i may be opened or closed at pleasure.
  • the cavity g by means of which a receptacle is provided for the sediment deposited by the ink, and al narrow edge formed around the stem, as a. seat for the valve b, substantially as described.

Description

J. GARDNER KENYON, AOF FERNDALE, CALIFORNIA.
Letters Patent N 96,598, dated november 9, 1869.
IMPROVEMENT r IN FOUNTAIN-PENS.
The Schedule referred to `n -these Letters Patent andv making part :if the same.
www
To all whom 'ift may concern- Be it known that I, J. GARDNER. Kanyon, of v Ferndale, county of Humboldt, State of California,
have, invented an Improved lVriting-Instrnment 5 and I do hereby declare the following description and accompanying drawings are sufllcient to enable any person skilled in the art or science to which it most nearly appertains, to make and use my said invention or improvement-s without further invention or experiment.
The object of my invention is to produce an instrument for writing with inlf. which shall be a substitute for both pen and pencils. and which can be carried about the person with all the facility of an ordinary pencil, and be always ready for immediate use. This I call an ink-pencil.
Referring to the acconpanying drawings, forming part of this specification- Fignre l isa longitudinal sectional view of one oi my improved ink-pencils or writing-instruments;
Figure 2 is a transverse sectional view;` and Figure 3 shows a modification of the point, which may be employed for such purposes as it may be adapted for.
The case A, for holding a supply of ink, has on its lower end the tapering or conical end B, which is solid, excepting an extended narrow passage through it, which is formed of a uniform width or vdiameter throughout, and in which the lower part of the rod or stem() tits loosely, projecting a short distance from the lower extremity of the passage.
Around the upper end of the passage a, I form a depression or sediment-well, g, to receive any sediment that'may `be deposited by the ink, and prevent its entering and clogging the passage a.
A circular edge for a valve-seat is thus formed around the top of the opening, between it and the well, and the opening is closed by an India-rubber yalve or stop, b, upon the stem C.
' The stem C, with the valve I), is pressed down by the slender India-rubber spring d, attached to the guide h, throughwhich the stem passes, and to a hook or projection upon the screw-nut e, on the upper part ot' the stem, but the extent to which the stem C may project below the passage a, is limited by the stop or valve l).
By screwing the nuto up or down upon the stem, the length and tension of the spring maybe regulated as required.
If a pencil is required for marking-purposes, or to make very thick lines,vthe lower part of the stem O may be flattened-and made wider, as shown in iff. 3, the passage a being, of course, made of'a corresponding shape.
The top of the case A has' a narrow air-passage or vent, i, through it, and is surmounted by. a screwuut, F, by means of which the passage i may be opened or closed at pleasure.
perat'ion.
The peint being uuscrewed, and' the case A supplied with ink, the point is screwed on again, and it is ready for The valve b being held down by the spring d, no ink can escape, but when the point is pressed upon the paper or other surface for writing, the projecting end of the stem C is pushed in and the valve d raised, thus allowing the ink to pass down into the passage a, but the stem C nearly filling thispassage, the attraction between the liquid and the sides of the passage andz stem prevents it from descending freely, but when the point is moved over the paper, a vibration is communicated to: the stem which partially counteracrsthe attraction above nien tioned, l and a gentle and uniform How of the ink is produced.
Then the point is removed from the paper, the
ow instantly ceases, and not even the smallest drop escapes.
I have found, by experiment, that when the point of the pencil is a shell, with merely an opening through it at the end, closed by a valve just within the point, the ink is constantly liable to escape in small drops, particularly when the point is raised from the paper, as well-as to ilow too freely at times, when the point is pressed down harder than usual, thus making blot-s. But the long and narrow passage provided for the ink in the construction of my improved pencil completely remedies this capital defect, and a gentle and uniform flow of' ink is s'ecured while the pencil is in use, which instantly and entirely ceases when the pointis removed from the paper.
If the passage a be entirely dry, as when the pencil is first used, it may be necessary to blow very gently through the vent i, to bring the ink down to the'poiut, which must, of course, he at the saine time pressed lightly upon some surface, so as tomaise the valve b, but in general, the incre moving ofthe point over the surface of paper, so as to produce a vibration ot' the stem, will be sufficient.
If, after writing awhile, the ink seems not to flow freely enough, it indicates 'that the screw-nut 'F requires to be raised, forthe-'-`admission of air.
The passage a. is roamed out somewhat at the top,
to facilitate the entrance of the stem and of the ink,
and so as to funn, between it and the cavity g, a nar- -rowjor sharpish edge, for the valve b to rest on, as the valve will then form a tight joint, with a very light pressure.
That I claim as my improvements in ink-pencils, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In combination with the ink-case A, the cavity g, by means of which a receptacle is provided for the sediment deposited by the ink, and al narrow edge formed around the stem, as a. seat for the valve b, substantially as described.
`2. In combination with the stem C, carrying the valve b, the arrangement of the rubber spring d, attacbed to the removable cone B, and regulated by the adjustable screw-nut e, substantially as specied.
J. GARDNER KENYON. Witnesses:
WM. DENNIS, J. DENNIS, J r.
US96598D Improvement in fountain-pens Expired - Lifetime US96598A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US96598A true US96598A (en) 1869-11-09

Family

ID=2166063

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US96598D Expired - Lifetime US96598A (en) Improvement in fountain-pens

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US96598A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3186606A (en) * 1963-01-21 1965-06-01 Dover Molded Products Company Punch-out pouring spout closure
US11655033B2 (en) 2020-02-20 2023-05-23 Jetbed, Inc. Inflatable bed with safety adaptations for rapid loss of aircraft cabin pressure

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3186606A (en) * 1963-01-21 1965-06-01 Dover Molded Products Company Punch-out pouring spout closure
US11655033B2 (en) 2020-02-20 2023-05-23 Jetbed, Inc. Inflatable bed with safety adaptations for rapid loss of aircraft cabin pressure

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US96598A (en) Improvement in fountain-pens
US741147A (en) Marking-pen.
US853156A (en) Fountain-pen.
US598575A (en) Mucilage-bottle
US271455A (en) Sylvestee w
US288010A (en) Fountain-pen
US229336A (en) Stylograph
US178914A (en) Improvement in fountain-pens
US174965A (en) Improvement in fountain-pens
US5286A (en) Improvement in fountain-pens
US250802A (en) Stylographic pen
US213689A (en) Improvement in fountain-pens
USRE8802E (en) Improvement in stylographic fountain-pens
US140771A (en) Improvement in fountain-pens
US605804A (en) Olop winkler
US145102A (en) Improvement in fountain-pens
US104109A (en) Island
US1021673A (en) Self-filling fountain-pen.
US423684A (en) Fountain-pen
US109360A (en) Improvement in funnels
US91089A (en) Improved hair-dyeing- brush
US93024A (en) Improvement in fountain-pens
US327586A (en) Claeence e
USRE9890E (en) Island
US443937A (en) Attachment for inkstands