Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride

Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US9598620B2
US9598620B2 US14598860 US201514598860A US9598620B2 US 9598620 B2 US9598620 B2 US 9598620B2 US 14598860 US14598860 US 14598860 US 201514598860 A US201514598860 A US 201514598860A US 9598620 B2 US9598620 B2 US 9598620B2
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
abrasive
particles
greater
particle
include
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
US14598860
Other versions
US20150128505A1 (en )
Inventor
Guan Wang
Vimal K. Pujari
Yves Boussant-Roux
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Saint-Gobain Ceramics and Plastics Inc
Original Assignee
Saint-Gobain Ceramics and Plastics Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K3/00Materials not provided for elsewhere
    • C09K3/14Anti-slip materials; Abrasives
    • C09K3/1409Abrasive particles per se
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24DTOOLS FOR GRINDING, BUFFING, OR SHARPENING
    • B24D11/00Constructional features of flexible abrasive materials; Special features in the manufacture of such materials
    • B24D11/001Manufacture of flexible abrasive materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24DTOOLS FOR GRINDING, BUFFING, OR SHARPENING
    • B24D3/00Physical features of abrasive bodies, or sheets, e.g. abrasive surfaces of special nature; Abrasive bodies or sheets characterised by their constituents
    • B24D3/02Physical features of abrasive bodies, or sheets, e.g. abrasive surfaces of special nature; Abrasive bodies or sheets characterised by their constituents the constituent being used as bonding agent
    • B24D3/04Physical features of abrasive bodies, or sheets, e.g. abrasive surfaces of special nature; Abrasive bodies or sheets characterised by their constituents the constituent being used as bonding agent and being essentially inorganic
    • B24D3/14Physical features of abrasive bodies, or sheets, e.g. abrasive surfaces of special nature; Abrasive bodies or sheets characterised by their constituents the constituent being used as bonding agent and being essentially inorganic ceramic, i.e. vitrified bondings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K3/00Materials not provided for elsewhere
    • C09K3/14Anti-slip materials; Abrasives
    • C09K3/1409Abrasive particles per se
    • C09K3/1418Abrasive particles per se obtained by division of a mass agglomerated by sintering

Abstract

An abrasive article includes a body having abrasive particles contained within a bond material. The abrasive particles can include a majority content of silicon nitride and a minority content of sintering material including at least two rare-earth oxide materials. In an embodiment, the rare-earth oxide materials can include Nd2O3 and Y2O3. In a particular embodiment, the abrasive particles comprise a content (wt %) of Nd2O3 that is greater than a content of Y2O3 (wt %).

Description

PRIORITY CLAIM AND CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a continuation of U.S. Non-Provisional patent application Ser. No. 13/539,369 filed on Jun. 30, 2012, entitled “Abrasive Articles Including Abrasive Particles of Silicon Nitride,” and naming Guan Wang et al. as inventors and claims priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 61/503,479 filed on Jun. 30, 2011, and entitled “Abrasive Articles Including Abrasive Particles of Silicon Nitride,” and naming Guan Wang et al. as inventors, which is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.

BACKGROUND

Field of the Disclosure

This disclosure, in general, relates to abrasive articles incorporating abrasive particles and more particularly, abrasive articles incorporating abrasive particles of silicon nitride.

Description of the Related Art

Abrasive articles, such as coated abrasives and bonded abrasives, are used in various industries to machine workpieces, such as by, grinding, or polishing. Machining utilizing abrasive articles spans a wide industrial scope from optics industries, automotive paint repair industries, to metal fabrication industries. In each of these examples, manufacturing facilities use abrasives to remove bulk material or affect surface characteristics of products. For example, abrasive articles, such as abrasive segments may be used when grinding, polishing, or finishing certain various types of workpieces, including, for example, metal, wood, or stone. However, the industry continues to demand improvements in abrasive technologies.

SUMMARY

In one aspect, an abrasive article includes a body having abrasive particles contained within a bond material. The abrasive particles can include a majority content of silicon nitride and a minority content of sintering material including at least two rare-earth oxide materials. In an embodiment, the rare-earth oxide materials can include Nd2O3 and Y2O3. In a particular embodiment, the abrasive particles comprise a content (wt %) of Nd2O3 that is greater than a content of Y2O3 (wt %).

In another aspect, an abrasive article includes a single-layered bonded abrasive tool having a substrate and a layer of bond material overlying a surface of the substrate. In an embodiment, the single-layered bonded abrasive tool can also include abrasive particles adhered within the bond material and attached to the surface of the substrate. The abrasive particles can comprise liquid-phase sintered silicon nitride.

In an additional aspect, a method includes forming a mixture of silicon nitride, at least two rare earth elements, and at least one sintering aid. In an embodiment, the at least two rare earth elements include Nd2O3 and Y2O3. The method also includes treating the mixture to form green particles and sintering the green particles to form abrasive particles.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The present disclosure may be better understood, and its numerous features and advantages made apparent to those skilled in the art by referencing the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 includes a flow chart illustrating a method of making silicon nitride abrasive particles in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 2 includes a first scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of a portion of a silicon nitride abrasive particle in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 3 includes a second SEM image of a portion of a silicon nitride abrasive particle in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 4 includes a third SEM image of a portion of a silicon nitride abrasive particle in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 5 includes an SEM image of a portion of a silicon nitride abrasive particle in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 6 includes an SEM image of a portion of a conventional silicon nitride abrasive particle.

FIGS. 7-12 include illustrations of shaped abrasive particles including the abrasive particulate material according to an embodiment.

FIG. 13 includes a perspective view illustration of an abrasive particle in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 14 includes a cross-sectional illustration of a portion of the abrasive particle of FIG. 13.

FIG. 15 includes a perspective view of a bonded abrasive wheel incorporating silicon nitride abrasive particles according to an embodiment;

FIG. 16 includes a perspective view of another bonded abrasive wheel incorporating silicon nitride abrasive particles according to an embodiment;

FIG. 17 includes a perspective view of yet another bonded abrasive wheel incorporating silicon nitride abrasive particles according to an embodiment;

FIG. 18 includes a first bar chart illustrating a G-ratio for various bonded abrasive grinding wheels during grinding of a white cast iron workpiece;

FIG. 19 includes a second bar chart illustrating a G-ratio for various bonded abrasive grinding wheels during grinding of a titanium alloy workpiece.

FIG. 20 includes a third bar chart illustrating a G-ratio for additional bonded abrasive grinding wheels during grinding of a titanium alloy workpiece;

FIG. 21 includes a fourth bar chart illustrating a G-ratio for additional bonded abrasive grinding wheels during grinding of a white cast iron workpiece.

The use of the same reference symbols in different drawings indicates similar or identical items.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Referring initially to FIG. 1, a method of making silicon nitride abrasive particles is shown and is generally designated 100. The method 100 commences at 102 by forming a dry mixture including silicon nitride, at least one rare earth element, and at least one sintering aid in a mixer.

In a particular embodiment, the rare earth element may include a rare earth oxide. For example, the rare earth oxide may be selected from the group of Y2O3, Nd2O3, La2O3, and a combination thereof. Further, the rare earth oxide may include at least two different rare earth oxide compositions. For example, the mixture can include the rare earth oxides Y2O3 and Nd2O3. and particularly can consist essentially of Y2O3 and Nd2O3.

The sintering aid may include an oxide material. For example, the sintering aid may include Al2O3, MgO, TiO2, and a combination thereof.

In an embodiment, the mixture can include other materials, such as AlN and TiC that aid in the formation of silicon nitride abrasive particles. In some instances, AlN can serve as an additional sintering aid and TiC can serve to strengthen the abrasive particles.

It will be appreciated that the sintering aid may be a powdered sintering aid. In an embodiment, an average particle size of the sintering aid can be at least about 0.8 microns, at least about 2 microns, or at least about 5 microns. In another embodiment, the average particle size of the sintering aid can be no greater than about 12 microns, no greater than about 10 microns, or no greater than about 7 microns. It will be appreciated that the average particle size of the sintering aid can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum values noted above.

Additionally, the silicon nitride can be provided in the form of a powder. In one embodiment, the silicon nitride can include an average particle size of at least approximately 0.4 microns, at least approximately 1.1 microns, or at least approximately 1.7 microns. In another embodiment, the silicon nitride can include an average particle size of no greater than approximately 5.5 microns, no greater than approximately 3.9 microns, or no greater than approximately 2.5 microns. It will be appreciated that the average particle size of the silicon nitride can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum sizes noted above. In a particular illustrative embodiment, the silicon nitride can include an average particle size within a range of approximately 0.4 microns to approximately 2 microns. Further, the silicon nitride can have a specific surface area of within a range of approximately 9 m2/g to approximately 13 m2/g. In some instances, the silicon nitride powder can include impurities, such as oxygen, carbon, chlorine, iron, aluminum, and calcium. The impurities can be present in trace amounts.

In an embodiment, the mixture can include at least approximately 80 wt % silicon nitride powder for the total weight of the mixture, at least approximately 83 wt % silicon nitride powder for the total weight of the mixture, or at least approximately 86 wt % silicon nitride powder for the total weight of the mixture. In another embodiment, the mixture may include no greater than approximately 93 wt % for the total weight of the mixture, no greater than approximately 91 wt % for the total weight of the mixture, or no greater than approximately 88 wt % for the total weight of the mixture. It will be appreciated that the content of silicon nitride powder in the mixture can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum sizes noted above.

In some instances, the mixture can include at least approximately 0.5 wt % of a rare earth oxide for the total weight of the mixture, at least approximately 3.1 wt % of a rare earth oxide for the total weight of the mixture, or at least approximately 5.8 wt % of a rare earth oxide for the total weight of the mixture. In other cases, the mixture may include no greater than approximately 15.8 wt % of a rare earth oxide for the total weight of the mixture, no greater than approximately 12.7 wt % of a rare earth oxide for the total weight of the mixture, no greater than approximately 9.3 wt % of a rare earth oxide for the total weight of the mixture, or no greater than approximately 7.6 wt % of a rare earth oxide for the total weight of the mixture. It will be appreciated that the content of a rare earth oxide in the mixture can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum values noted above.

In certain situations, the mixture can include at least approximately 0.3 wt % of a sintering aid for the total weight of the mixture, at least approximately 2.6 wt % of a sintering aid for the total weight of the mixture, or at least approximately 5.2 wt % of a sintering aid for the total weight of the mixture. In other situations, the mixture can include no greater than approximately 13.2 wt % of a sintering aid for the total weight of the mixture, no greater than approximately 10.4 wt % of a sintering aid for the total weight of the mixture, or no greater than approximately 7.7 wt % of a sintering aid for the total weight of the mixture. It will be appreciated that the content of the sintering aid in the mixture can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum values noted above.

In some embodiments, a total sintering aid content in the mixture can include one or more of the sintering aids noted previously, such as Al2O3, MgO, and TiO2, one or more rare earth oxides, AlN, or a combination thereof. In a particular embodiment, the mixture can include a total sintering aid content of at least approximately 0.7 wt % for the total weight of the mixture, at least approximately 4.6 wt % for the total weight of the mixture, or at least approximately 7.2 wt % for the total weight of the mixture. In other cases, the mixture can include a total sintering aid content of no greater than approximately 16.4 wt % of a sintering aid for the total weight of the mixture, no greater than approximately 13.8 wt % of a sintering aid for the total weight of the mixture, no greater than approximately 9.3 wt % for the total weight of the mixture, or no greater than approximately 7.6 wt % for the total weight of the mixture. It will be appreciated that the total sintering aid content in the mixture can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum values noted above. In a particular illustrative embodiment, the total sintering aid content for the mixture can be within a range of approximately 8 wt % to approximately 13 wt % for the total weight of the mixture.

At 104, the method 100 may include altering the mixture including the silicon nitride, the rare earth element, the sintering aid, and any other additional materials. The mixture of silicon nitride, the rare earth element, and the sintering aid may be altered by milling the mixture in a milling machine along with a liquid carrier.

The liquid carrier may include organic or inorganic materials. For example, in one embodiment, the liquid carrier can include water (H2O). The liquid carrier may also include an alcohol, such as isopropyl alcohol (IPA). Specifically, in one embodiment, the liquid carrier may include at least 70 vol % H2O, at least 75 vol % H2O, or even at least 80 vol % H2O for the total volume of the mixture. Further, the liquid carrier may include not greater than 95 vol % H2O, not greater than 90 vol % H2O, or not greater than 85 vol % H2O. It will be appreciated that the amount of H2O may be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum percentages noted above.

The liquid carrier may include at least 5 vol % IPA, at least 10 vol % IPA, at least 15 vol % IPA, or even at least 20 vol % IPA for the total volume of the mixture. The liquid carrier may include no greater than 30 vol % IPA or no greater than 25 vol % IPA. It will be appreciated that the amount of IPA may be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum percentages noted above.

The mixture may be milled to achieve a particular particle size. For example, milling can be conducted until the milled mixture has an average particle size of at least about 0.4 microns, at least about 0.6 microns, or at least about 0.8 microns. Further, the milled mixture can have an average particle size of no greater than about 1.4 microns, no greater than about 1.1 microns, or no greater than about 0.9 microns. It will be appreciated that the average particle size can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum sizes noted above.

In an embodiment, the mixture can be milled to achieve particles with a specific surface area of about 8.8 m2/g, at least about 10.4 m2/g, or at least about 12.5 m2/g. The mixture can also be milled to achieve particles with a specific surface area of no greater than about 15.3 m2/g, no greater than about 13.9 m2/g, or no greater than about 12.8 m2/g. It will be appreciated that the specific surface area of the particles of the mixture can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum values noted above.

In certain situations, AlN can be added to the mixture before the milling process such that the AlN is milled along with the other materials of the mixture. In other situations, AlN can be added to the milled mixture.

Moving to 106, the method 100 may include treating the milled mixture to yield green particles. For example, treating the milled mixture may include the application of temperature, the application of pressure, the application of a chemical to facilitate a change in the milled mixture, or a combination thereof. The application of temperature may include a cooling process or a heating process. Further, treating the milled mixture may include sintering. However, according to one particular embodiment, treating the milled mixture may include freeze-drying the milled mixture.

In one embodiment, the freeze-drying can take place at a temperature of at least approximately −60° C., at least approximately −57° C., or at least approximately −55° C. In other situations, the freeze drying can take place at a temperature no greater than about −30° C., no greater than about −38° C., or no greater than about −45° C. It will be appreciated that the freeze drying process can take place within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum values note above. In an illustrative embodiment, the freeze drying operation can take place at a temperature within a range of about −55° C. to about −45° C.

In additional embodiments, the freeze drying process can take place at a relative humidity no greater than about 18%, no greater than about 14%, no greater than about 8%, or no greater than about 4%.

Further, the freeze drying process can have a duration of at least about 1.2 hours, at least about 1.5 hours, or at least about 1.8 hours. In other cases, the freeze drying process can have a duration of no greater than about 2.8 hours, no greater than about 2.3 hours, or no greater than about 2.0 hours. It will be appreciated that the duration of the freeze drying process can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum values noted above.

It can be appreciated that freeze-drying the milled mixture may result in particles that have a particular morphology. For example, the particles can be elongated or substantially acicular (i.e., needle shaped). The particles may have an aspect ratio of length:width of at least about 1.3, at least about 2:1, at least about 5:1, or at least about 10:1. Still, in certain instances, the aspect ratio may be no greater than about 65:1, no greater than about 40:1, no greater than about 20:1, no greater than about 15:1, or no greater than about 12:1. It will be appreciated that the aspect ratio can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum ratios noted above.

In some instances, a length of the freeze-dried particles can be at least about 0.1 microns, at least about 1.2 microns, or at least about 2.3 microns. Additionally, a length of the freeze-dried particles can be no greater than about 5.7 microns, no greater than about 3.9 microns, or no greater than about 3.1 microns. It will be appreciated that the length of the freeze-dried particles can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum sizes noted above. In a particular illustrative embodiment, the average length of the freeze-dried particles can be within a range of about 0.8 microns to about 1.4 microns.

In some embodiments, the width of the freeze-dried particles can be at least about 0.06 microns, at least about 0.2 microns, or at least about 0.6 microns. Further, the width of the freeze-dried particles may be no greater than about 1.4 microns, no greater than about 1.1 microns, or no greater than about 0.8 microns. It will be appreciated that the width of the freeze-dried particles can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum sizes noted above. In a particular illustrative embodiment, the average width of the freeze-dried particles can be within a range of about 0.15 to about 0.40 microns.

After the treating process at 106, the method 100 may continue to 108 where the method 100 may include sorting the green particles. The sorting process undertaken at 108 may include sorting the green particles by size, shape, or a combination thereof. Further, the sorting process may include sieving the green particles.

In one embodiment, the green particles may be screened in order to sort the green particles into one or more different abrasive grit sizes using one or more mesh screens. In some aspects, the screening process can provide green particles having an average particle size of at least about 220 microns, at least about 300 microns, or at least about 370 microns. In other aspects, the screening process can provide green particles having an average particle size of no greater than about 580 microns, no greater than about 510 microns, or no greater than about 440 microns. It will be appreciated that the average particle size of the screened green particles is within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum values noted above. In one particular illustrative embodiment, the average particle size of the screened green particles can be within a range of about 545 microns to about 400 microns. In another particular illustrative embodiment, the average particle size of the screened green particles can be within a range of about 250 microns to about 400 microns.

At 110, the method 100 may include treating the green particles to yield abrasive particles. For example, treating the green particles may include the application of temperature, the application of pressure, the application of a chemical to facilitate a physical change in the green particles, or a combination thereof. In one particular embodiment, treating the green particles may include sintering the green particles. Sintering can include a process of applying elevated temperatures to affect densification and grain growth in the green particles to yield sintered abrasive particles. In some instances, the sintering process can include a pressureless sintering process.

The green particles may be sintered at a temperature that is at least about 1600° C., at least about 1650° C., or at least about 1700° C. Further, the green particles may be sintered at a temperature greater no greater than about 1825° C., no greater than about 1780° C., or no greater than about 1750° C. It will be appreciated that the sintering temperature can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum temperatures noted above.

In an embodiment, the green particles can be sintered for a duration of at least about 75 minutes, at least about 82 minutes, or at least about 90 minutes. In another embodiment, the green particles can be sintered for a duration of no greater than about 105 minutes, no greater than about 98 minutes, or no greater than about 93 minutes. It will be appreciated that the duration of the sintering operation can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum temperatures noted above.

The green particles may be sintered in a particular sintering atmosphere. For example, the sintering atmosphere may comprise an inert gas including, for example, noble gases such as neon or argon, or alternatively an inert species such as nitrogen. A combination of such gases may be used. In other instances, the sintering atmosphere can include a reducing gas.

In another embodiment, the treating process, and more particularly, the sintering process may also include the application of elevated pressures to the green particles. For example, the green particles may be treated by hot isostatic pressing (HIPing) The green particles can be hot isostatically pressed at a temperature that is at least about 1730° C., at least about 1750° C., or at least about 1780° C. Further, the green particles may be hot isostatically pressed at a temperature no greater than about 1870° C., no greater than about 1840° C., or no greater than about 1800° C. It will be appreciated that the hot isostatic pressing temperature can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum temperatures noted above.

Further, according to one embodiment, hot isostatic pressing of the green particles can be conducted for a duration of at least about 1.3 hours, at least about 1.6 hours, or even at least about 1.8 hours. In another embodiment, hot isostatic pressing of the green particles can be conducted for a duration no greater than about 2.6 hours, no greater than about 2.3 hours, or even no greater than about 2.0 hours. It will be appreciated that the hot isostatic pressing duration can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum times noted above.

According to one embodiment, the green particles can undergo hot isostatic pressing at a particular pressure to facilitate the formation of abrasive particles according to the embodiments herein. For example the green particles can be hot isostatically pressed at a pressure of at least about 100 MPa, at least about 145 MPa, or at least about 180 MPa. Moreover, the green particles can be hot isostatically pressed at a pressure not greater than about 260 MPa, not greater than about 225 MPa, or not greater than about 205 MPa. It will be appreciated that the pressure can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum pressures noted above.

At 112, the method 100 may include altering the abrasive particles. The abrasive particles may be altered by milling the mixture in a milling machine. In some embodiments, the milling process can include jet milling, a crushing operation, or a combination thereof.

After altering the abrasive particles at 112, the method 100 may continue to 114 where the method 100 may include sorting the abrasive particles. The sorting process undertaken at 114 may include sorting the abrasive particles by size, shape, or a combination thereof. Further, the sorting process may include sieving the silicon nitride abrasive particles.

In one embodiment, the abrasive particles may be screened in order to sort the abrasive particles into one or more different abrasive grit sizes using one or more mesh screens.

The abrasive particles can have an average particle size of at least about 5 microns, at least about 18 microns, or at least about 32 microns. Further, the abrasive particles can have an average particle size of no greater than about 300 microns, no greater than about 135 microns, no greater than about 75 microns, no greater than about 63 microns, or no greater than about 54 microns. It will be appreciated that the average particle size can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum sizes noted above.

In some situations, the abrasive particles can have a theoretical density of at least about 85%, at least about 89%, or at least about 94%. In other instances, the abrasive particles can have a theoretical density no greater than about 99.5%, no greater than about 98%, or no greater than about 96%. It will be appreciated that the abrasive particles can have a theoretical density within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum values noted above.

FIG. 2 through FIG. 5 include illustrations of various SEM images of a portion of an abrasive particle 200, an abrasive particle 300, an abrasive particle 400, and an abrasive particle 500, respectively. In particular, the abrasive particle 200 of FIG. 2 is formed according to embodiments described herein from a silicon nitride powder having a specific surface area within a range of about 8 m2/g to about 12 m2/g. The silicon nitride powder was subject to pressureless sintering and hot isostatic pressing. The abrasive particle 200 has a theoretical density of at least about 98%. In addition, the abrasive particle 300 of FIG. 3 is formed according to embodiments described herein. In particular, the abrasive particle 300 was formed from a silicon nitride powder having a specific surface area within a range of about 8 m2/g to about 12 m2/g. The silicon nitride powder was subject to pressureless sintering and did not undergo a hot isostatic pressing process. Further, the abrasive particle 400 of FIG. 4 is formed according to embodiments described herein using a silicon nitride powder having a specific surface area within a range of about 4 m2/g to about 6 m2/g. The silicon nitride powder was subject to pressureless sintering and did not undergo a hot isostatic pressing process.

The abrasive particles 200, 300, 400 can include a plurality of elongated, or acicular, grains dispersed within a bond material. FIG. 2 through FIG. 5 indicate that the elongated grains can have an average particle size of at least about 0.1 microns, at least about 0.2 micron, at least about 0.5 microns, or at least about 0.8 microns. Further, the elongated grains can have an average particle size of not greater than about 1.5 microns, not greater than about 1.2 microns, not greater than about 1.1 microns, or even not greater than about 1 microns. It will be appreciated that the average particle size can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum sizes noted above.

Further, as depicted in FIG. 2 through FIG. 5, the elongated grains can have an aspect ratio of length:width of at least about 2:1, at least about 5:1, or at least about 10:1. Further, the aspect ratio may be no greater than about 65:1, no greater than about 20:1, no greater than about 15:1, or no greater than about 12:1. It will be appreciated that the aspect ratio can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum ratios noted above.

FIG. 6 includes an SEM image of a portion of a conventional silicon nitride abrasive particle 600. The silicon nitride abrasive particle 600 includes a number of voids, such as voids 602.

In some embodiments, the abrasive particles can be formed to have a specific shape or contour. Suitable forming techniques can include extrusion, molding, screen printing, casting, punching, embossing, pressing, cutting, and a combination thereof. For example, the abrasive particles can have a specific contour, such as a polyhedral shape, including for example, triangular, rectangular, pentagonal, hexagonal, conical, helical, elliptical, and elongated shapes. The abrasive particles may include a combination of such shapes. In one particular embodiment, the abrasive particles can be formed of a body having a complex three-dimensional geometry including 3-fold symmetry in three perpendicular planes defined by a longitudinal axis, a lateral axis, and a vertical axis.

FIGS. 7-12 include exemplary abrasive particulate material having specific contours and defining shaped abrasive particles, which can incorporate the compositions described herein. As shown in FIG. 7, the shaped abrasive particle 700 may include a body 701 that is generally prismatic with a first end face 702 and a second end face 704. Further, the shaped abrasive particle 700 may include a first side face 710 extending between the first end face 702 and the second end face 704. A second side face 712 may extend between the first end face 702 and the second end face 704 adjacent to the first side face 710. As shown, the shaped abrasive particle 700 may also include a third side face 714 extending between the first end face 702 and the second end face 704 adjacent to the second side face 712 and the first side face 710.

As depicted in FIG. 7, the shaped abrasive particle 700 may also include a first edge 720 between the first side face 710 and the second side face 712. The shaped abrasive particle 700 may also include a second edge 722 between the second side face 712 and the third side face 714. Further, the shaped abrasive particle 700 may include a third edge 724 between the third side face 714 and the first side face 712.

As shown, each end face 702, 704 of the shaped abrasive particle 700 may be generally triangular in shape. Each side face 710, 712, 714 may be generally rectangular in shape. Further, the cross section of the shaped abrasive particle 700 in a plane parallel to the end faces 702, 704 can be generally triangular. It will be appreciated that while the cross-sectional shape of the shaped abrasive particle 700 through a plane parallel to the end faces 702, 704 is illustrated as being generally triangular, other shapes are possible, including any polygonal shapes, for example a quadrilateral, a pentagon, a hexagon, a heptagon, an octagon, a nonagon, a decagon, etc. Further, the cross-sectional shape of the shaped abrasive particle may be convex, non-convex, concave, or non-concave.

FIG. 8 includes an illustration of a shaped abrasive particle according to another embodiment. As depicted, the shaped abrasive particle 800 may include a body 801 that may include a central portion 802 that extends along a longitudinal axis 804. A first radial arm 806 may extend outwardly from the central portion 802 along the length of the central portion 802. A second radial arm 808 may extend outwardly from the central portion 802 along the length of the central portion 802. A third radial arm 810 may extend outwardly from the central portion 802 along the length of the central portion 802. Moreover, a fourth radial arm 812 may extend outwardly from the central portion 802 along the length of the central portion 802. The radial arms 806, 808, 810, 812 may be equally spaced around the central portion 802 of the shaped abrasive particle 800.

As shown in FIG. 8, the first radial arm 806 may include a generally arrow shaped distal end 820. The second radial arm 808 may include a generally arrow shaped distal end 822. The third radial arm 810 may include a generally arrow shaped distal end 824. Further, the fourth radial arm 812 may include a generally arrow shaped distal end 826.

FIG. 8 also indicates that the shaped abrasive particle 800 may be formed with a first void 830 between the first radial arm 806 and the second radial arm 808. A second void 832 may be formed between the second radial arm 808 and the third radial arm 810. A third void 834 may also be formed between the third radial arm 810 and the fourth radial arm 812. Additionally, a fourth void 836 may be formed between the fourth radial arm 812 and the first radial arm 806.

As shown in FIG. 8, the shaped abrasive particle 800 may include a length 840, a height 842, and a width 844. In a particular aspect, the length 840 is greater than the height 842 and the height 842 is greater than the width 844. In a particular aspect, the shaped abrasive particle 800 may define a primary aspect ratio that is the ratio of the length 840 to the height 842 (length:width). Further, the shaped abrasive particle 800 may define a secondary aspect ratio that is the ratio of the height 842 to the width 844 (width:height). Finally, the shaped abrasive particle 800 may define a tertiary aspect ratio that is the ratio of the length 840 to the width 842 (length:height).

According to one embodiment, the shaped abrasive particles can have a primary aspect ratio of at least about 1:1, such as at least about 1.1:1, at least about 1.5:1, at least about 2:1, at least about 2.5:1, at least about 3:1, at least about 3.5:1, at least 4:1, at least about 4.5:1, at least about 5:1, at least about 6:1, at least about 7:1, at least about 8:1, or even at least about 10:1.

In another instance, the shaped abrasive particle can be formed such that the body has a secondary aspect ratio of at least about 0.5:1, such as at least about 0.8:1, at least about 1:1, at least about 1.5:1, at least about 2:1, at least about 2.5:1, at least about 3:1, at least about 3.5:1, at least 4:1, at least about 4.5:1, at least about 5:1, at least about 6:1, at least about 7:1, at least about 8:1, or even at least about 10:1.

Furthermore, certain shaped abrasive particles can have a tertiary aspect ratio of at least about 1:1, such as at least about 1.5:1, at least about 2:1, at least about 2.5:1, at least about 3:1, at least about 3.5:1, at least 4:1, at least about 4.5:1, at least about 5:1, at least about 6:1, at least about 7:1, at least about 8:1, or even at least about 10:1.

Certain embodiments of the shaped abrasive particle 800 can have a shape with respect to the primary aspect ratio that is generally rectangular, e.g., flat or curved. The shape of the shaped abrasive particle 800 with respect to the secondary aspect ratio may be any polyhedral shape, e.g., a triangle, a square, a rectangle, a pentagon, etc. The shape of the shaped abrasive particle 800 with respect to the secondary aspect ratio may also be the shape of any alphanumeric character, e.g., 1, 2, 3, etc., A, B, C. etc. Further, the contour of the shaped abrasive particle 800 with respect to the secondary aspect ratio may be a character selected from the Greek alphabet, the modern Latin alphabet, the ancient Latin alphabet, the Russian alphabet, any other alphabet, or any combination thereof. Further, the shape of the shaped abrasive particle 800 with respect to the secondary aspect ratio may be a Kanji character.

FIGS. 9-10 depict another embodiment of a shaped abrasive particle that is generally designated 900. As shown, the shaped abrasive particle 900 may include a body 901 that has a generally cube-like shape. It will be appreciated that the shaped abrasive particle may be formed to have other polyhedral shapes. The body 901 may have a first end face 902 and a second end face 904, a first lateral face 906 extending between the first end face 902 and the second end face 904, a second lateral face 908 extending between the first end face 902 and the second end face 904. Further, the body 901 can have a third lateral face 910 extending between the first end face 902 and the second end face 904, and a fourth lateral face 912 extending between the first end face 902 and the second end face 904.

As shown, the first end face 902 and the second end face 904 can be parallel to each other and separated by the lateral faces 906, 908, 910, and 912, giving the body a cube-like structure. However, in a particular aspect, the first end face 902 can be rotated with respect to the second end face 904 to establish a twist angle 914. The twist of the body 901 can be along one or more axes and define particular types of twist angles. For example, as illustrated in a top-down view of the body in FIG. 10 looking down the longitudinal axis 980 defining a length of the body 901 on the end face 902 parallel to a plane defined by the lateral axis 981 extending along a dimension of width of the body 901 and the vertical axis 982 extending along a dimension of height of the body 901. According to one embodiment, the body 901 can have a longitudinal twist angle 914 defining a twist in the body 901 about the longitudinal axis such that the end faces 902 and 904 are rotated relative to each other. The twist angle 914, as illustrated in FIG. 10 can be measured as the angle between a tangent of a first edge 922 and a second edge 924, wherein the first edge 922 and second edge 924 are joined by and share a common edge 926 extending longitudinally between two of the lateral faces (910 and 912). It will be appreciated that other shaped abrasive particles can be formed to have twist angles relative to the lateral axis, the vertical axis, and a combination thereof. Any of such twist angles can have a value as described herein.

In a particular aspect, the twist angle 914 is at least about 1°. In other instances, the twist angle can be greater, such as at least about 2°, at least about 5°, at least about 8°, at least about 10°, at least about 12°, at least about 15°, at least about 18°, at least about 20°, at least about 25°, at least about 30°, at least about 40°, at least about 50°, at least about 60°, at least about 70°, at least about 80°, or even at least about 90°. Still, according to certain embodiments, the twist angle 914 can be not greater than about 360°, such as not greater than about 330°, such as not greater than about 300°, not greater than about 270°, not greater than about 230°, not greater than about 200°, or even not greater than about 180°. It will be appreciated that certain shaped abrasive particles can have a twist angle within a range between any of the minimum and maximum angles noted above.

Further, the body may include an opening that extends through the entire interior of the body along one of the longitudinal axis, lateral axis, or vertical axis.

FIG. 11 includes an illustration of another embodiment of a shaped abrasive particle. As shown, the shaped abrasive particle 1100 may include a body 1101 having a generally pyramid shaped with a generally triangle shaped bottom face 1102. The body can further include sides 1116, 1117, and 1118 connected to each other and the bottom face 1102. It will be appreciated that while the body 1101 is illustrated as having a pyramidal polyhedral shape, other shapes are possible, as described herein/

According to one embodiment, the shaped abrasive particle 1100 may be formed with a hole 1104 (i.e., and opening) that can extend through at least a portion of the body 1101, and more particularly may extend through an entire volume of the body 1101. In a particular aspect, the hole 1104 may define a central axis 1106 that passes through a center of the hole 1104. Further, the shaped abrasive particle 1100 may also define a central axis 1108 that passes through a center 1130 of the shaped abrasive particle 1100. It may be appreciated that the hole 1104 may be formed in the shaped abrasive particle 1100 such that the central axis 1106 of the hole 1104 is spaced apart from the central axis 1108 by a distance 1110. As such, a center of mass of the shaped abrasive particle 1100 may be moved below the geometric midpoint 1130 of the shaped abrasive particle 1100, wherein the geometric midpoint 1130 can be defined by the intersection of a longitudinal axis 1109, vertical axis 1111, and the central axis (i.e., lateral axis) 1108. Moving the center of mass below the geometric midpoint 1130 of the shaped abrasive grain can increase the likelihood that the shaped abrasive particle 1100 lands on the same face, e.g., the bottom face 1102, when dropped, or otherwise deposited, onto a backing, such that the shaped abrasive particle 1100 has a predetermined, upright orientation.

In a particular embodiment, the center of mass is displaced from the geometric midpoint 1130 by a distance that can be at least about 0.05 the height (h) along a vertical axis 1110 of the body 1102 defining a height. In another embodiment, the center of mass may be displaced from the geometric midpoint 1130 by a distance of at least about 0.1 (h), such as at least about 0.15 (h), at least about 0.18 (h), at least about 0.2 (h), at least about 0.22 (h), at least about 0.25 (h), at least about 0.27 (h), at least about 0.3 (h), at least about 0.32 (h), at least about 0.35 (h), or even at least about 0.38 (h). Still, the center of mass of the body 1101 may be displaced a distance from the geometric midpoint 830 of no greater than 0.5 (h), such as no greater than 0.49 (h), no greater than 0.48 (h), no greater than 0.45 (h), no greater than 0.43 (h), no greater than 0.40 (h), no greater than 0.39 (h), or even no greater than 0.38 (h). It will be appreciated that the displacement between the center of mass and the geometric midpoint can be within a range between any of the minimum and maximum values noted above.

In particular instances, the center of mass may be displaced from the geometric midpoint 1130 such that the center of mass is closer to a base, e.g., the bottom face 1102, of the body 1101, than a top of the body 1101 when the shaped abrasive particle 1100 is in an upright orientation as shown in FIG. 11.

In another embodiment, the center of mass may be displaced from the geometric midpoint 1130 by a distance that is at least about 0.05 the width (w) along a lateral axis 1108 of the of the body 1101 defining the width. In another aspect, the center of mass may be displaced from the geometric midpoint 1130 by a distance of at least about 0.1 (w), such as at least about 0.15 (w), at least about 0.18 (w), at least about 0.2 (w), at least about 0.22 (w), at least about 0.25 (w), at least about 0.27 (w), at least about 0.3 (w), or even at least about 0.35 (w). Still, in one embodiment, the center of mass may be displaced a distance from the geometric midpoint 1130 no greater than 0.5 (w), such as no greater than 0.49 (w), no greater than 0.45 (w), no greater than 0.43 (w), no greater than 0.40 (w), or even no greater than 0.38 (w).

In another embodiment, the center of mass may be displaced from the geometric midpoint 1130 along the longitudinal axis 1109 by a distance (D1) of at least about 0.05 the length (l) of the body 1101. According to a particular embodiment, the center of mass may be displaced from the geometric midpoint by a distance of at least about 0.1 (l), such as at least about 0.15 (l), at least about 0.18 (l), at least about 0.2 (l), at least about 0.25 (l), at least about 0.3 (l), at least about 0.35 (l), or even at least about 0.38 (l). Still, for certain abrasive particles, the center of mass can be displaced a distance no greater than about 0.5 (l), such as no greater than about 0.45 (l), or even no greater than about 0.40 (l).

FIG. 12 includes an illustration of a shaped abrasive particle according to an embodiment. The shaped abrasive grain 1200 may include a body 1201 including a base surface 1202 and an upper surface 1204 separated from each other by one or more side surfaces 1210, 1212, and 1214. According to one particular embodiment, the body 1201 can be formed such that the base surface 1202 has a planar shape different than a planar shape of the upper surface 1204, wherein the planar shape is viewed in the plane defined by the respective surface. For example, as illustrated in the embodiment of FIG. 12, the body 1201 can have base surface 1202 generally have a circular shape and an upper surface 1204 having a generally triangular shape. It will be appreciated that other variations are feasible, including any combination of shapes at the base surface 1202 and upper surface 1204.

Additionally, the body of the shaped abrasive particles can have particular two-dimensional shapes. For example, the body can have a two-dimensional shape as viewed in a plane defined by the length and width having a polygonal shape, ellipsoidal shape, a numeral, a Greek alphabet character, Latin alphabet character, Russian alphabet character, complex shapes utilizing a combination of polygonal shapes and a combination thereof. Particular polygonal shapes include triangular, rectangular, quadrilateral, pentagon, hexagon, heptagon, octagon, nonagon, decagon, any combination thereof.

FIG. 13 includes a perspective view illustration of an abrasive particle in accordance with an embodiment. Additionally, FIG. 14 includes a cross-sectional illustration of a portion of the abrasive particle of FIG. 13. The body 1301 includes an upper surface 1303 a bottom major surface 1304 opposite the upper surface 1303. The upper surface 1303 and the bottom surface 1304 can be separated from each other by side surfaces 1305, 1306, and 1307. As illustrated, the body 1301 of the shaped abrasive particle 1300 can have a generally triangular shape as viewed in a plane of the upper surface 1303 defined by the length (l) and width (w) of the body 1301. In particular, the body 1301 can have a length (l), a width (w) extending through a midpoint 1381 of the body 1301.

In accordance with an embodiment, the body 1301 of the shaped abrasive particle can have a first height (h1) at a first end of the body defined by a corner 1313. Notably, the corner 1313 may represent the point of greatest height on the body 1301. The corner can be defined as a point or region on the body 1301 defined by the joining of the upper surface 1303, and two side surfaces 1305 and 1307. The body 1301 may further include other corners, spaced apart from each other, including for example corner 1311 and corner 1312. As further illustrated, the body 1301 can include edges 1314, 1315, and 1316 that can separated from each other by the corners 1311, 1312, and 1313. The edge 1314 can be defined by an intersection of the upper surface 1303 with the side surface 1306. The edge 1315 can be defined by an intersection of the upper surface 1303 and side surface 1305 between corners 1311 and 1313. The edge 1316 can be defined by an intersection of the upper surface 1303 and side surface 1307 between corners 1312 and 1313.

As further illustrated, the body 1301 can include a second height (h2) at a second end of the body 1301, which is defined by the edge 1314, and further which is opposite the first end defined by the corner 1313. The axis 1350 can extend between the two ends of the body 1301. FIG. 14 is a cross-sectional illustration of the body 1301 along the axis 1350, which can extend through a midpoint 1381 of the body along the dimension of width (w) between the ends of the body 1301.

In accordance with an embodiment, the shaped abrasive particles of the embodiments herein, including for example, the abrasive particle of FIGS. 13 and 14 can have an average difference in height, which is a measure of the difference between h1 and h2. More particularly, the average difference in height can be calculated based upon a plurality of shaped abrasive particles from a sample. The sample can include a representative number of shaped abrasive particles, which may be randomly selected from a batch, such as at least 8 particles, or even at least 10 particles. A batch can be a group of shaped abrasive particles that are produced in a single forming process, and more particularly, in the same, single forming process. The average difference can be measured via using a STIL (Sciences et Techniques Industrielles de la Lumiere—France) Micro Measure 3D Surface Profilometer (white light (LED) chromatic aberration technique).

In particular instances, the average difference in height [h1-h2], wherein h1 is greater, can be at least about 50 microns. In still other instances, the average difference in height can be at least about 60 microns, such as at least about 65 microns, at least about 70 microns, at least about 75 microns, at least about 80 microns, at least about 90 microns, or even at least about 100 microns. In one non-limiting embodiment, the average difference in height can be not greater than about 300 microns, such as not greater than about 250 microns, not greater than about 220 microns, or even not greater than about 180 microns. It will be appreciated that the average difference in height can be within a range between any of the minimum and maximum values noted above.

Moreover, the shaped abrasive particles herein, including for example the particle of FIGS. 13 and 14, can have a profile ratio of average difference in height [h1-h2] to profile length (lp) of the shaped abrasive particle, defined as [(h1-h2)/(lp)] of at least about 0.04. It will be appreciated that the profile length of the body can be a length of the scan across the body used to generate the data of h1 and h2 between opposite ends of the body. Moreover, the profile length may be an average profile length calculated from a sample of multiple particles that are measured. In certain instances, the profile length (lp) can be the same as the width as described in embodiments herein. According to a particular embodiment, the profile ratio can be at least about 0.05, at least about 0.06, at least about 0.07, at least about 0.08, or even at least about 0.09. Still, in one non-limiting embodiment, the profile ratio can be not greater than about 0.3, such as not greater than about 0.2, not greater than about 0.18, not greater than about 0.16, or even not greater than about 0.14. It will be appreciated that the profile ratio can be within a range between any of the minimum and maximum values noted above.

Moreover, the shaped abrasive particles of the embodiments herein, including for example, the body 1301 of the particle of FIGS. 13 and 14 can have a bottom surface 1304 defining a bottom area (Ab). In particular instances the bottom surface 1304 can be the largest surface of the body 1301. The bottom surface can have a surface area defined as the bottom area (Ab) that is greater than the surface area of the upper surface 1303. Additionally, the body 1301 can have a cross-sectional midpoint area (Am) defining an area of a plane perpendicular to the bottom area and extending through a midpoint 1381 of the particle. In certain instances, the body 1301 can have an area ratio of bottom area to midpoint area (Ab/Am) of not greater than about 6. In more particular instances, the area ratio can be not greater than about 5.5, such as not greater than about 5, not greater than about 4.5, not greater than about 4, not greater than about 3.5, or even not greater than about 3. Still, in one non-limiting embodiment, the area ratio may be at least about 1.1, such as at least about 1.3, or even at least about 1.8. It will be appreciated that the area ratio can be within a range between any of the minimum and maximum values noted above.

In accordance with one embodiment, the shaped abrasive particles of the embodiments herein, including for example, the particle of FIGS. 13 and 14 can have a normalized height difference of at least about 40. The normalized height difference can be defined by the equation [(h1−h2)/(h1/h2)], wherein h1 is greater than h2. In other embodiments, the normalized height difference can be at least about 43, at least about 46, at least about 50, at least about 53, at least about 56, at least about 60, at least about 63, or even at least about 66. Still, in one particular embodiment, the normalized height difference can be not greater than about 200, such as not greater than about 180, not greater than about 140, or even not greater than about 110.

In another embodiment, the shaped abrasive particles herein, including for example, the particle of FIGS. 13 and 14 can have a height variation. Without wishing to be tied to a particular theory, it is thought that a certain height variation between shaped abrasive particles, can improve a variety of cutting surfaces, and may improve grinding performance of an abrasive article incorporating the shaped abrasive particles herein. The height variation can be calculated as the standard deviation of height difference for a sample of shaped abrasive particles. In one particular embodiment, the height variation of a sample can be at least about 20. For other embodiments, the height variation can be greater, such as at least about 22, at least about 24, at least about 26, at least about 28, at least about 30, at least about 32, or even at least about 34. Still, in one non-limiting embodiment, the height variation may be not greater than about 180, such as not greater than about 150, or even not greater than about 120. It will be appreciated that the height variation can be within a range between any of the minimum and maximum values noted above.

According to another embodiment, the shaped abrasive particles herein, including for example the particles of FIGS. 13 and 14 can have an ellipsoidal region 1317 in the upper surface 1303 of the body 1301. The ellipsoidal region 1317 can be defined by a trench region 1318 that can extend around the upper surface 1303 and define the ellipsoidal region 1317. The ellipsoidal region 1317 can encompass the midpoint 1381. Moreover, it is thought that the ellipsoidal region 1317 defined in the upper surface can be an artifact of the forming process, and may be formed as a result of the stresses imposed on the mixture during formation of the shaped abrasive particles according to the methods described herein.

Moreover, the rake angle described in accordance with other embodiments herein can be applicable to the body 1301. Likewise, all other features described herein, such as the contours of side surfaces, upper surfaces, and bottom surfaces, the upright orientation probability, primary aspect ratio, secondary aspect ratio, tertiary aspect ratio, and composition, can be applicable to the exemplary shaped abrasive particle illustrated in FIGS. 13 and 14.

While the foregoing features of height difference, height variation, and normalized height difference have been described in relation to the abrasive particle of FIGS. 13 and 14, it will be appreciated that such features can apply to any other shaped abrasive particles described herein, including for example, abrasive particles having a substantially trapezoidal two-dimensional shape.

The shaped abrasive particles of the embodiments herein may include a dopant material, which can include an element or compound such as an alkali element, alkaline earth element, rare earth element, hafnium, zirconium, niobium, tantalum, molybdenum, vanadium, or a combination thereof. In one particular embodiment, the dopant material includes an element or compound including an element such as lithium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, scandium, yttrium, lanthanum, cesium, praseodymium, niobium, hafnium, zirconium, tantalum, molybdenum, vanadium, chromium, cobalt, iron, germanium, manganese, nickel, titanium, zinc, and a combination thereof.

In certain instances, the shaped abrasive particles can be formed to have a specific content of dopant material. For example, the body of a shaped abrasive particle may include not greater than about 12 wt % for the total weight of the body. In other instances, the amount of dopant material can be less, such as not greater than about 11 wt %, not greater than about 10 wt %, not greater than about 9 wt %, not greater than about 8 wt %, not greater than about 7 wt %, not greater than about 6 wt %, or even not greater than about 5 wt % for the total weight of the body. In at least one non-limiting embodiment, the amount of dopant material can be at least about 0.5 wt %, such at least about 1 wt %, at least about 1.3 wt %, at least about 1.8 wt %, at least about 2 wt %, at least about 2.3 wt %, at least about 2.8 wt %, or even at least about 3 wt % for the total weight of the body. It will be appreciated that the amount of dopant material within the body of the shaped abrasive particle can be within a range between any of the minimum or maximum percentages noted above.

Referring to FIG. 15, a bonded abrasive wheel is shown and is generally designated 1500. As shown, the bonded abrasive wheel 1500 can include a generally cylindrical bonded abrasive body 5102. It can be appreciated that the bonded abrasive wheel 1500 may include any geometric shape. The bonded abrasive body 1502 can include a single-layered abrasive tool that includes a substrate 1504 and a single layer of abrasive particles 1506 attached to the substrate 1504 with a layer of bond material 1508. The abrasive particles can be silicon nitride abrasive particles according to one or more embodiments described herein.

In a particular embodiment, the layer of bond material 1508 can be disposed between the layer of abrasive particles 1506 and the substrate 1504. Further, a portion of the abrasive particles 1506 can contact the substrate 1504 through the layer of the bond material 1508. In another aspect, a minority portion of the abrasive particles 1506 can be covered by the bond material 1508.

Additionally, a portion of the abrasive particles 1506 can protrude from the bond material 1508 and can contact the substrate 1504 that is underlying the bond material 1508. In particular, a majority portion of the abrasive particles 1506 can protrude from the bond material 1508 and can contact the substrate 1504 that is underlying the bond material 1508.

In an embodiment, the bond material 1508 can include an organic material. In particular, the bond material can include a resin. Further, the bond material 1508 can include a phenolic resin. The bond material 1508 can consist essentially of a phenolic resin.

In another embodiment, the bond material 1508 can include an inorganic material. For example, the bond material 1508 can include a material that can be selected from the group consisting of a metal, metal alloy, oxide, and a combination thereof. The bond material 1508 may also include a vitreous phase material. Specifically, the bond material 1508 can include an oxide, and the oxide can include an element selected from the group consisting of Si, Al, Na, Mg, Ca, K, B, P, and a combination thereof. In another aspect, the bond material 1508 can include a hybrid bond that can include an organic material and an inorganic material.

In another aspect, the abrasive particles 1506 can include a majority content of silicon nitride and a minority content of sintering material including Nd2O3 and Y2O3, where the abrasive particles 1506 comprise a content (wt %) of Nd2O3 greater than a content of Y2O3 (wt %). Moreover, the abrasive particles 1506 can comprise a total content of rare earth oxide greater than a content of alumina. The abrasive particles 1506 can include a content (wt %) of alumina that is less than a content (wt %) of a rare earth oxide composition. The abrasive particles 1506 can include a content (wt %) of alumina that is less than a content (wt %) of Y2O3. Further, the abrasive particles 1506 can include a content (wt %) of alumina that is less than a content (wt %) of Nd2O3.

Specifically, the abrasive particles 1506 can include a content of alumina (wt %) that is between about 0.3 and about 0.7 of a content (wt %) of a rare earth oxide composition. The abrasive particles 1506 can include a content of alumina (wt %) that is between about 0.3 and about 0.7 of a content (wt %) of Nd2O3. In another aspect, the abrasive particles 1506 can be essentially free of materials selected from the group consisting of La2O3, MgO, ZrO2, HfO2, SiO2, Fe2O3, Gd2O3, Lu2O3, Fe, W, Mo, Cu, and elemental Si.

In another embodiment, the abrasive particles 1506 can include no greater than about 13 wt % of a rare earth oxide, no greater than about 10 wt % of a rare earth oxide, no greater than about 8.5 wt % of a rare earth oxide, or even no greater than about 8.2 wt % of a rare earth oxide for the total weight of the abrasive particles. The abrasive particles 506 can include at least about 2 wt % of a rare earth oxide, at least about 5 wt % of a rare earth oxide, at least about 6.5 wt % of a rare earth oxide, or at least about 7.8 wt % of a rare earth oxide for the total weight of the abrasive particles. It will be appreciated that the amount of rare earth oxide of each abrasive particle can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum percentages noted above.

The abrasive particles 1506 can include no greater than about 5 wt % Y2O3, no greater than about 4.5 wt % Y2O3, no greater than about 4 wt % Y2O3, no greater than about 3.5 wt % Y2O3, or no greater than about 3.2 wt % Y2O3 for the total weight of the abrasive particles. Also, the abrasive particles 506 can include at least about 1 wt % Y2O3, at least about 1.5 wt % Y2O3, at least about 2 wt % Y2O3, or at least about 2.8 wt % Y2O3 for the total weight of the abrasive particles. It will be appreciated that the amount of Y2O3 of each abrasive particle can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum percentages noted above.

In another aspect, the abrasive particles 1506 can include no greater than about 7 wt % Nd2O3, no greater than about 6.5 wt % Nd2O3, no greater than about 6 wt % Nd2O3, no greater than about 5.5 wt % Nd2O3, or even no greater than about 5.1 wt % Nd2O3 for the total weight of the abrasive particles. Moreover, the abrasive particles 506 can include at least about 3 wt % Nd2O3, at least about 3.5 wt % Nd2O3, at least about 4 wt % Nd2O3, or at least about 4.8 wt % Nd2O3 for the total weight of the abrasive particles. It will be appreciated that the amount of Nd2O3 of each abrasive particle can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum percentages noted above.

In still another aspect, the abrasive particles 1506 can include AlN. Specifically, the abrasive particles 1506 can include no greater than about 3 wt % AlN, no greater than about 2.5 wt % AlN, no greater than about 2 wt % AlN, no greater than about 1.5 wt % AlN, or even no greater than about 1 wt % AlN for the total weight of the abrasive particles. Moreover, the abrasive particles 506 can include at least about 0.05 wt % AlN, at least about 0.1 wt % AlN, at least about 0.3 wt % AlN, or at least about 0.5 wt % AlN for the total weight of the abrasive particles. It will be appreciated that the amount of AlN of each abrasive particle can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum percentages noted above.

In another embodiment, the abrasive particles 1506 can include Ti. Further, the abrasive particles 1506 can include TiC. The abrasive particles 506 can include no greater than about 3 wt % TiC, no greater than about 2.5 wt % TiC, no greater than about 2 wt % TiC, no greater than about 1.5 wt % TiC, or even no greater than about 1 wt % TiC for the total weight of the abrasive particles. Also, the abrasive particles 506 can include at least about 0.05 wt % TiC, at least about 0.1 wt % AlN, at least about 0.2 wt % TiC, or at least about 0.4 wt % TiC for the total weight of the abrasive particles. It will be appreciated that the amount of TiC of each abrasive particle can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum percentages noted above.

In another aspect, the abrasive particles 1506 can consist essentially of silicon nitride and a sintering phase comprising an oxide. Additionally, the abrasive particles 506 can include liquid phase sintered silicon nitride.

In another embodiment, the abrasive particles 1506 can include beta-phase silicon nitride. In particular, the abrasive particles 1506 can include a majority content (>50 wt %) of beta-phase silicon nitride. Further, the abrasive particles 1506 can consist essentially of beta-phase silicon nitride.

It is to be understood that the abrasive particles 1506 can include abrasive grains having an elongated shape. The elongated grains can an aspect ratio of length:width of at least about 1.5:1, at least about 5:1, or at least about 10:1. Further, the aspect ratio may be no greater than about 65:1, no greater than about 45:1, no greater than about 20:1, no greater than about 15:1, or no greater than about 12:1. It will be appreciated that the aspect ratio can be within a range between, or including, any of the minimum and maximum ratios noted above.

FIG. 16 illustrates another abrasive article 1600. The abrasive article 1600 can include a body 1602. The body 1602 can include a single-layer of abrasive particles contained within a bond material that includes an organic material. In such an embodiment, the abrasive particles can include a majority content of silicon nitride and a minority content of sintering material that can include at least two rare-earth oxide materials. In an embodiment, the abrasive particles contained within the bond material of the body 1602 can have substantially the same composition as the abrasive particles 1506 and the bond material 1508 of the body 1502 shown in FIG. 15.

FIG. 17 shows yet another abrasive article 1700. As shown in FIG. 17, the abrasive article 1700 can be a single-layered bonded abrasive tool that includes a substrate 1702 and a layer of bond material 1704 that can overlay a surface of the substrate 1702. Abrasive particles 1706 can be adhered within the bond material 1704 and attached to the surface of the substrate 1702. The abrasive particles 1706 can include liquid-phase sintered silicon nitride. In an embodiment, the abrasive particles 1706 contained within the bond material 1704 of the abrasive article 1700 can have substantially the same composition as the abrasive particles 1506 and the bond material 1508 of the body 1502 shown in FIG. 15.

According to embodiments herein, a body can include abrasive particles that include silicon nitride contained within a bond material. The body can have a G-ratio of at least about 250 for a grinding operation conducted at a speed of at least about 50 feet/minute, for a depth of cut of at least about 0.0002 inches [5.08 μm] on a metal workpiece, where the G-ratio is a measure of weight of the material removed from the workpiece relative to the weight of material lost from the body. In some cases, the bond material can include an organic material.

For any of the embodiments described herein, the G-ratio can be at least about 275, at least about 280, at least about 290, or even at least about 300 for a grinding operation conducted at a speed of at least about 60 revolutions/minute and a depth of cut of at least about 0.0002 inches [5.08 μm] on a workpiece of bearing steel.

Further, for any of the embodiments herein, the G-ratio can be at least about 275, at least about 300, at least about 400, at least about 500, at least about 600, at least about 900, or at least about 1000 for a grinding operation conducted at speed of at least about 60 revolutions/minute and a depth of cut of at least about 0.0005 inches [12.7 μm] on a workpiece of titanium alloy.

Additionally, for any of the embodiments herein, the G-ratio can be at least about 125, at least about 140, at least about 160, at least about 170, or at least about 180 for a grinding operation conducted at speed of at least about 60 revolutions/minute and a depth of cut of at least about 0.0005 inches [12.7 μm] on a workpiece of 304 stainless steel.

Moreover, the G-ratio for any embodiments herein can be at least about 110, at least about 115, or at least about 120 for a grinding operation conducted at speed of at least about 60 revolutions/minute and a depth of cut of at least about 0.0015 inches [38.1 μm] on a workpiece of 304 stainless steel.

Further, for any of the embodiments herein, the G-ratio can be at least about 500, at least about 800, at least about 1300, at least about 1700, at least about 2100, at least about 2400, or at least about 2750 for a grinding operation conducted at speed of at least about 60 revolutions/minute and a depth of cut of at least about 0.0015 inches [12.7 μm] on a workpiece of white cast iron.

It can be appreciated that the embodiments herein may be used to grind or polish a workpiece. For example, the workpiece can include a metal that can be selected from the group of metals consisting of iron, steel, titanium, titanium alloys, nickel, nickel alloys, and a combination thereof. The workpiece can consist essentially of steel. Alternatively, the workpiece can consist essentially of white cast iron. Moreover, the workpiece can consist essentially of titanium alloy (6A1-4V Grade 5).

EXAMPLES

Abrasive grains for Example 1 grinding wheels are formed by providing a mixture having the following composition:

    • 88.02 wt % Silicon nitride powder
    • 3.07 wt % Y2O3 powder
    • 2.55 wt % Al2O3 powder
    • 0.9 wt % AlN powder
    • 4.96 wt % Nd2O3 powder
    • 0.5 wt % TiC powder

The mixture is milled in an aqueous medium comprising 80% H2O and 20% IPA to a surface area of approximately 12.5 m2/g and an average particle size of approximately 0.8 microns. The milled powder is freeze dried and subsequently screened. The screened powder is sintered at 1750° C. for 90 minutes in a nitrogen environment followed by a hot isostatic press treatment at 1800° C. for 2 hours at 30 Ksi. The densified particles are milled and screened into two different grit sizes of 36 and 54 meshes and used to make single layer grinding wheels for grinding evaluation.

The grinding wheels are tested against a wet titanium alloy workpiece and a dry white cast iron workpiece placed on a 2-axis hydraulic surface grinding machine sold by Okamoto Corporation as model 6•18 DX. The table speed of the grinder is 60 feet/minute at an infeed (i.e., cut depth) of approximately 0.0005 inches. The grinding tests are conducted until the abrasive grains are depleted and grinding wheels stopped removing material from the workpiece. A grinding wheel having silicon nitride particles formed according to Example 1 is tested against a grinding wheel having SiC abrasives. The results of the testing are shown in FIG. 18 and FIG. 19.

FIG. 18 includes a bar chart 1800 that illustrates a G-ratio for various bonded abrasive grinding wheels used to grind a white cast iron workpiece. A first grinding wheel includes Hexoloy® silicon carbide abrasive particles available from Saint-Gobain Corporation within a bond material. A second grinding wheel includes the silicon nitride particles of Example 1 contained within the bond material. A third grinding wheel includes silicon nitride particles, according to an embodiment herein, contained within the bond material. The first, second, and third grinding wheels each contain particles having a grit size of 36 mesh. The bond composition of the first, second, and third grinding wheels is substantially the same.

A fourth grinding wheel includes Hexoloy® silicon carbide abrasive particles available from Saint-Gobain Corporation within a bond material. A fifth grinding wheel includes the silicon nitride particles of Example 1 contained within the bond material. A sixth grinding wheel includes silicon nitride particles, according to an embodiment herein, contained within the bond material. The fourth, fifth, and sixth grinding wheels each contain particles having a grit size of 54 mesh. The bond composition of the fourth, fifth, and sixth grinding wheels is substantially the same.

G-ratios are determined for the grinding wheels by measuring the work piece material removal rate in relation to the weight loss from the grinding wheels under the test conditions described previously. As shown, the first grinding wheel has a G-ratio of about 122. The second grinding wheel has a G-ratio of about 1714. The third grinding wheel included a G-ratio of about 1000. The fourth grinding wheel has a G-ratio of about 100. The fifth grinding wheel has a G-ratio of about 2089. Finally, the sixth grinding wheel has a G-ratio of about 2090.

FIG. 19 includes a bar chart 1900 that illustrates a G-ratio for various bonded abrasive grinding wheels used to grind a titanium alloy workpiece under the test conditions described previously. A first grinding wheel includes Hexoloy® silicon carbide abrasive particles available from Saint-Gobain Corporation within a bond material. A second grinding wheel includes the silicon nitride particles of Example 1 contained within the bond material. A third grinding wheel includes silicon nitride particles, according to an embodiment herein, contained within the bond material. The first, second, and third grinding wheels each contain particles having a grit size of 36 mesh.

A fourth grinding wheel includes Hexoloy® silicon carbide abrasive particles available from Saint-Gobain Corporation within a bond material. A fifth grinding wheel includes the silicon nitride particles of Example 1 contained within the bond material. A sixth grinding wheel includes silicon nitride particles, according to an embodiment herein, contained within the bond material. The fourth, fifth, and sixth grinding wheels each contain particles having a grit size of 54 mesh.

As shown, the first grinding wheel has a G-ratio of about 105. The second grinding wheel has a G-ratio of about 975. The third grinding wheel has a G-ratio of about 1000. The fourth grinding wheel has a G-ratio of about 101. The fifth grinding wheel has a G-ratio of about 940. Finally, the sixth grinding wheel has a G-ratio of about 940.

Additional testing is performed using a wet titanium alloy workpiece and a dry white cast iron workpiece placed on a 2-axis hydraulic surface grinding machine sold by Okamoto Corporation as model 6•18 DX. The table speed of the grinder is 60 feet/minute at an infeed (i.e., cut depth) of approximately 0.0005 inches for the titanium alloy workpiece and an infeed of approximately 0.0015 inches for the white cast iron workpiece. FIG. 20 includes a bar chart 2000 that illustrates the relative performance ratios of three grinding wheels that are used to wet grind the titanium alloy workpiece. FIG. 21 includes a bar chart 2100 that illustrates the relative performance ratios of three grinding wheels that are used to dry grind the white cast iron workpiece. The grinding operations are conducted until the abrasive grains are essentially depleted and the wheels longer cut. The relative performance ratio is also referred to herein as the G-ratio and is determined by measuring the work piece material removal rate in relation to the weight loss from the grinding wheels during the testing procedure.

The grinding operations are conducted with grinding wheels having silicon carbide abrasive grains and silicon nitride abrasive grains. The abrasive grains of the sample 1 wheels include silicon carbide grains that are formed according to a conventional process. The abrasive grains of the sample 2 wheels and the sample 3 wheels include silicon nitride grains that are formed according to processes described in embodiments herein. The process used to make the sample 2 abrasive grains varies from the process used to make the sample 3 abrasive grains in that AlN was not co-milled with the silicon nitride powder and other dry mixture materials when making the sample 3 abrasive grains, but AlN is added separately after milling the dry mixture. The average particle size of the silicon nitride powder used to make the abrasive grains of the sample 2-3 wheels is within a range of about 235 microns to about 450 microns.

The relative performance ratio illustrated in FIG. 20 for a sample 1 grinding wheel is about 146.67, while the relative performance ratio is about 1118.22 for a sample 2 grinding wheel and about 1373.78 for a sample 3 grinding wheel. As indicated in FIG. 21, the relative performance ratio for a sample 1 grinding wheel is about 40.16, the relative performance ratio for a sample 2 grinding wheel is about 1697.58, and the relative performance ratio for a sample 3 grinding wheel was about 2689.52.

The grinding wheels for samples 2 and 3 demonstrate remarkable and unexpected results compared to the results of the sample 1 grinding wheels. In particular, with respect to the grinding of a titanium alloy workpiece, the relative performance ratios of the sample 2 and sample 3 grinding wheels have an improvement of at least 7.5 times over the results from the sample 1 grinding wheel. Furthermore, with respect to the grinding of a white cast iron workpiece, the relative performance ratios of the sample 2 and sample 3 grinding wheels have an improvement of at least about 40 times over the results from the sample 1 grinding wheel.

The foregoing embodiments are directed to abrasive grains that represent a departure from the state-of-the-art and include silicon nitride abrasive grains that have improved performance over conventional silicon nitride abrasives and over other conventional abrasive grains, such as silicon carbide abrasive grains. As described in the present application, the silicon nitride abrasive grains have a combination of features that facilitate improved grinding performance. In particular, the silicon nitride abrasive grains described herein have a composition that provides a higher theoretical density and fewer pores when compared with conventional silicon nitride abrasive grains. For example, as illustrated in FIG. 6, the number of voids in the abrasive grains formed according to a conventional process is much higher than the number of voids in the abrasive grains formed according to embodiments described herein, which are illustrated in FIG. 2, FIG. 3, FIG. 4, and FIG. 5. It will be appreciated that the abrasive grain 300 illustrated in FIG. 3 corresponds to the abrasive grains included in the sample 2 grinding wheels and the abrasive grain 500 illustrated in FIG. 5 corresponds to the abrasive grains included in the sample 3 grinding wheels. Without being bound to a particular theory, the improved grinding performance of tools using silicon nitride abrasive grains formed as described herein can be attributed to the improved densification and toughness achieved due to the particular combination of features of the silicon nitride abrasive grains formed according to embodiments herein. The elongated nature of the silicon nitride abrasive grains formed according to embodiments described herein may also aid in the improved grinding performance over conventional silicon nitride abrasive grains. Furthermore, the processes used to form silicon nitride abrasive grains described in embodiments herein represent a departure from the state-of-the-art processes. In particular, conventional silicon nitride abrasive grain processes have been unable to effectively sinter the silicon nitride powders to achieve the densification and toughness needed for suitable grinding performance. However, the liquid phase sintering process described herein can be used to produce silicon nitride abrasive grains that have improved performance not only over other silicon nitride abrasive grains, but also over other conventional abrasive grains.

Claims (18)

What is claimed is:
1. A shaped abrasive particle comprising:
a body having (i) a majority content of silicon nitride; and (ii) a minority content of sintering material including Nd2O3 and Y2O3, wherein the shaped abrasive particle comprises a content (wt %) of Nd2O3 greater than a content (wt %) of Y2O3;
wherein the body of the shaped abrasive particle has a two-dimensional shape as viewed in a plane defined by a length and a width of the body; and
wherein the two-dimensional shape is selected from the group consisting of a polygonal shape, an ellipsoidal shape, a numeral, a Greek alphabet character, a Latin alphabet character, a Russian alphabet character, and a complex shape utilizing a combination of polygonal shapes.
2. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein the body of the shaped abrasive particle is part of a coated abrasive article or a bonded abrasive article.
3. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein the body of the shaped abrasive particle comprises no greater than 5 vol % porosity.
4. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein a side face of the shaped abrasive particle is convex or concave.
5. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein the shaped abrasive particle comprises a total content of rare earth oxide greater than a content of alumina.
6. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein the shaped abrasive particle comprises no greater than 10 wt % of a dopant material.
7. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 6, wherein the dopant material is selected from the group consisting of an alkali element, an alkaline earth element, a rare earth element, hafnium, zirconium, niobium, tantalum, molybdenum, vanadium, or a combination thereof.
8. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein the body of the shaped abrasive particle has a first height, h1, at a first end of the body, and a second height, h2 at a second end of the body opposite the first end, and wherein h1 is different than h2.
9. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein the shaped abrasive particle comprises a majority content (>50 wt %) of beta-phase silicon nitride.
10. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein the shaped abrasive particle has a base surface and an upper surface, and wherein the base surface has a planar shape different than a planar shape of the upper surface.
11. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein the shaped abrasive particle has a center of mass and a geometric midpoint, and wherein the center of mass is disposed at a different location than the geometric midpoint.
12. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein the shaped abrasive particle has a twist angle rotatably offsetting opposing end faces of the shaped abrasive particle, the twist angle being less than 360°.
13. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein the shaped abrasive particle has:
an aspect ratio of length:width of at least 1:1,
an aspect ratio of height:width of at least 0.5:1,
an aspect ratio of length:height of at least 1:1, or
a combination thereof.
14. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein the shaped abrasive particle further comprises a sintering aid.
15. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 14, wherein the sintering aid comprises an oxide selected from the group consisting of Al2O3, MgO, TiO2, AlN, or a combination thereof.
16. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 14, wherein the sintering aid comprises no greater than 13.2 wt % of the shaped abrasive particle.
17. The shaped abrasive particle of claim 1, wherein the shaped abrasive particle comprises a polyhedron.
18. A batch of shaped abrasive particles comprising:
a plurality of shaped abrasive particles, wherein each shaped abrasive particle of the plurality of shaped abrasive particles comprises:
a body having (i) a majority content of silicon nitride; and (ii) a minority content of sintering material including Nd2O3 and Y2O3, wherein the shaped abrasive particle comprises a content (wt %) of Nd2O3 greater than a content (wt %) of Y2O3;
wherein the body of the shaped abrasive particle has a two-dimensional shape as viewed in a plane defined by a length and a width of the body; and
wherein the two-dimensional shape is selected from the group consisting of a polygonal shape, an ellipsoidal shape, a numeral, a Greek alphabet character, a Latin alphabet character, a Russian alphabet character, and a complex shape utilizing a combination of polygonal shapes.
US14598860 2011-06-30 2015-01-16 Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride Active US9598620B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201161503479 true 2011-06-30 2011-06-30
US13539369 US8986409B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2012-06-30 Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride
US14598860 US9598620B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2015-01-16 Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14598860 US9598620B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2015-01-16 Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13539369 Continuation US8986409B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2012-06-30 Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20150128505A1 true US20150128505A1 (en) 2015-05-14
US9598620B2 true US9598620B2 (en) 2017-03-21

Family

ID=47389179

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13539369 Active 2032-11-27 US8986409B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2012-06-30 Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride
US14598860 Active US9598620B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2015-01-16 Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13539369 Active 2032-11-27 US8986409B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2012-06-30 Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (2) US8986409B2 (en)
CN (1) CN103702800B (en)
WO (1) WO2013003830A3 (en)

Families Citing this family (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2013135445A (en) 2010-12-31 2015-02-10 Сэнт-Гобэн Керамикс Энд Пластикс, Инк. The abrasive article (variants) and the method of molding
US8986409B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2015-03-24 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride
WO2013003831A3 (en) 2011-06-30 2013-02-21 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Liquid phase sintered silicon carbide abrasive particles
CA2850147A1 (en) 2011-09-26 2013-04-04 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive articles including abrasive particulate materials, coated abrasives using the abrasive particulate materials and methods of forming
EP2797716A4 (en) 2011-12-30 2016-04-20 Saint Gobain Ceramics Composite shaped abrasive particles and method of forming same
JP6033886B2 (en) 2011-12-30 2016-11-30 サン−ゴバン セラミックス アンド プラスティクス,インコーポレイティド A method of forming a shaped abrasive particles and the particles
WO2013102176A4 (en) 2011-12-30 2013-08-29 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Forming shaped abrasive particles
US8840696B2 (en) 2012-01-10 2014-09-23 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
EP2802436A4 (en) 2012-01-10 2016-04-27 Saint Gobain Ceramics&Plastics Inc Abrasive particles having complex shapes and methods of forming same
US9242346B2 (en) 2012-03-30 2016-01-26 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive products having fibrillated fibers
WO2013177446A1 (en) 2012-05-23 2013-11-28 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Shaped abrasive particles and methods of forming same
WO2014062701A1 (en) 2012-10-15 2014-04-24 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
WO2014106173A9 (en) 2012-12-31 2014-10-16 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Particulate materials and methods of forming same
CA2905551A1 (en) * 2013-03-12 2014-09-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Bonded abrasive article
WO2014161001A1 (en) 2013-03-29 2014-10-02 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
WO2014210532A1 (en) * 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive article including shaped abrasive particles
EP3052270A4 (en) 2013-09-30 2017-05-03 Saint-Gobain Ceram & Plastics Inc Shaped abrasive particles and methods of forming same
JP2017510466A (en) 2013-12-31 2017-04-13 サンーゴバン アブレイシブズ,インコーポレイティド Abrasive article comprising shaped abrasive particles
US9771507B2 (en) 2014-01-31 2017-09-26 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Shaped abrasive particle including dopant material and method of forming same
CN103846820A (en) * 2014-02-11 2014-06-11 当涂县南方红月磨具磨料有限公司 High temperature resistant anti-bending brown corundum grinding wheel
KR20160146801A (en) * 2014-04-14 2016-12-21 생-고뱅 세라믹스 앤드 플라스틱스, 인코포레이티드 Abrasive article including shaped abrasive particles
WO2015160855A1 (en) 2014-04-14 2015-10-22 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive article including shaped abrasive particles
EP3046983A1 (en) * 2014-06-18 2016-07-27 Klingspor AG Multilayer grinding particle
US9707529B2 (en) 2014-12-23 2017-07-18 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Composite shaped abrasive particles and method of forming same
US9676981B2 (en) 2014-12-24 2017-06-13 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Shaped abrasive particle fractions and method of forming same
CN105440954A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-30 铜陵市明诚铸造有限责任公司 Grinding liquid for fine grinding of steel ball and preparation and use methods for grinding liquid

Citations (628)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6179887B2 (en)
US345604A (en) 1886-07-13 Process of making porous alum
US1910444A (en) 1931-02-13 1933-05-23 Carborundum Co Process of making abrasive materials
US2049874A (en) 1933-08-21 1936-08-04 Miami Abrasive Products Inc Slotted abrasive wheel
US2148400A (en) 1938-01-13 1939-02-21 Norton Co Grinding wheel
US2248064A (en) 1933-06-01 1941-07-08 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Coating, particularly for manufacture of abrasives
US2248990A (en) 1938-08-17 1941-07-15 Heany John Allen Process of making porous abrasive bodies
US2290877A (en) 1938-09-24 1942-07-28 Heany Ind Ceramic Corp Porous abrading material and process of making the same
US2318360A (en) 1941-05-05 1943-05-04 Carborundum Co Abrasive
US2376343A (en) 1942-07-28 1945-05-22 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Manufacture of abrasives
US2563650A (en) 1949-04-26 1951-08-07 Porocel Corp Method of hardening bauxite with colloidal silica
US2880080A (en) 1955-11-07 1959-03-31 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Reinforced abrasive articles and intermediate products
US3041156A (en) 1959-07-22 1962-06-26 Norton Co Phenolic resin bonded grinding wheels
US3067551A (en) 1958-09-22 1962-12-11 Bethlehem Steel Corp Grinding method
US3079242A (en) 1959-12-31 1963-02-26 Nat Tank Co Flame arrestor
US3079243A (en) 1959-10-19 1963-02-26 Norton Co Abrasive grain
US3123948A (en) 1964-03-10 Reinforced
US3141271A (en) 1962-10-12 1964-07-21 Herbert C Fischer Grinding wheels with reinforcing elements
GB986847A (en) 1962-02-07 1965-03-24 Charles Beck Rosenberg Brunswi Improvements in or relating to abrasives
CA743715A (en) 1966-10-04 The Carborundum Company Manufacture of sintered abrasive grain of geometrical shape and controlled grit size
US3276852A (en) 1962-11-20 1966-10-04 Jerome H Lemelson Filament-reinforced composite abrasive articles
US3377660A (en) 1961-04-20 1968-04-16 Norton Co Apparatus for making crystal abrasive
US3379543A (en) 1964-03-27 1968-04-23 Corning Glass Works Composition and method for making ceramic articles
US3387957A (en) 1966-04-04 1968-06-11 Carborundum Co Microcrystalline sintered bauxite abrasive grain
US3454385A (en) 1965-08-04 1969-07-08 Norton Co Sintered alpha-alumina and zirconia abrasive product and process
US3477180A (en) 1965-06-14 1969-11-11 Norton Co Reinforced grinding wheels and reinforcement network therefor
US3480395A (en) 1967-12-05 1969-11-25 Carborundum Co Method of preparing extruded grains of silicon carbide
US3481723A (en) 1965-03-02 1969-12-02 Itt Abrasive grinding wheel
US3491492A (en) 1968-01-15 1970-01-27 Us Industries Inc Method of making alumina abrasive grains
US3495359A (en) 1968-10-10 1970-02-17 Norton Co Core drill
US3536005A (en) 1967-10-12 1970-10-27 American Screen Process Equip Vacuum screen printing method
US3590799A (en) 1968-09-03 1971-07-06 Gerszon Gluchowicz Method of dressing the grinding wheel in a grinding machine
US3608050A (en) 1969-09-12 1971-09-21 Union Carbide Corp Production of single crystal sapphire by carefully controlled cooling from a melt of alumina
US3608134A (en) 1969-02-10 1971-09-28 Norton Co Molding apparatus for orienting elongated particles
US3615308A (en) 1968-02-09 1971-10-26 Norton Co Crystalline abrasive alumina
US3619151A (en) 1968-10-16 1971-11-09 Landis Tool Co Phosphate bonded grinding wheel
US3637360A (en) 1969-08-26 1972-01-25 Us Industries Inc Process for making cubical sintered aluminous abrasive grains
US3670467A (en) 1970-04-27 1972-06-20 Robert H Walker Method and apparatus for manufacturing tumbling media
US3672934A (en) 1970-05-01 1972-06-27 Du Pont Method of improving line resolution in screen printing
US3819785A (en) 1972-02-02 1974-06-25 Western Electric Co Fine-grain alumina bodies
US3859407A (en) 1972-05-15 1975-01-07 Corning Glass Works Method of manufacturing particles of uniform size and shape
US3874856A (en) 1970-02-09 1975-04-01 Ducommun Inc Porous composite of abrasive particles in a pyrolytic carbon matrix and the method of making it
US3909991A (en) 1970-09-22 1975-10-07 Norton Co Process for making sintered abrasive grains
US3940276A (en) 1973-11-01 1976-02-24 Corning Glass Works Spinel and aluminum-base metal cermet
US3950148A (en) 1973-10-09 1976-04-13 Heijiro Fukuda Laminated three-layer resinoid wheels having core layer of reinforcing material and method for producing same
US3960577A (en) 1974-01-08 1976-06-01 General Electric Company Dense polycrystalline silicon carbide
US3977132A (en) 1974-03-18 1976-08-31 The Japan Carlit Company, Ltd. Process for manufacturing high strength Al2 O3 -ZRO3 alloy grains
US3986885A (en) 1971-07-06 1976-10-19 Battelle Development Corporation Flexural strength in fiber-containing concrete
US3991527A (en) 1975-07-10 1976-11-16 Bates Abrasive Products, Inc. Coated abrasive disc
US4004934A (en) 1973-10-24 1977-01-25 General Electric Company Sintered dense silicon carbide
US4037367A (en) 1975-12-22 1977-07-26 Kruse James A Grinding tool
US4045919A (en) 1974-05-10 1977-09-06 Seiko Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha High speed grinding spindle
US4055451A (en) 1973-08-31 1977-10-25 Alan Gray Cockbain Composite materials
FR2354373A1 (en) 1976-06-11 1978-01-06 Swarovski Tyrolit Schleif Abrasive corundum grains for grinding tools - are prepd. by moulding, pref. between pair of pressure rolls contg. mating mould cavities
US4073096A (en) 1975-12-01 1978-02-14 U.S. Industries, Inc. Process for the manufacture of abrasive material
JPS5364890A (en) 1976-11-19 1978-06-09 Toshiba Corp Method of producing silicon nitride grinding wheel
US4114322A (en) 1977-08-02 1978-09-19 Harold Jack Greenspan Abrasive member
US4150078A (en) 1975-10-20 1979-04-17 Lava Crucible Refractories Company Process for making refractory shapes
US4194887A (en) 1975-12-01 1980-03-25 U.S. Industries, Inc. Fused alumina-zirconia abrasive material formed by an immersion process
US4252544A (en) 1978-08-03 1981-02-24 Showa Denko Kabushiki Kaisha Alumina abrasive grains and method for manufacturing the same
US4261706A (en) 1972-05-15 1981-04-14 Corning Glass Works Method of manufacturing connected particles of uniform size and shape with a backing
US4286905A (en) 1980-04-30 1981-09-01 Ford Motor Company Method of machining steel, malleable or nodular cast iron
US4304576A (en) 1978-11-04 1981-12-08 Ngk Spark Plug Co., Ltd. Silicon nitride ceramic tools and a process for their production
US4314827A (en) 1979-06-29 1982-02-09 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Non-fused aluminum oxide-based abrasive mineral
US4341663A (en) 1979-09-06 1982-07-27 Kali-Chemie Aktiengesellschaft Process for the production of spherical shaped bodies based on Al2 O3 and optionally SiO2
NL171464B (en) 1973-08-10 1982-11-01 De Beers Ind Diamond A process for the manufacture of an abrasive compact mass.
EP0078896A2 (en) 1981-11-10 1983-05-18 Norton Company Abrasive bodies such as grinding wheels
US4393021A (en) 1981-06-09 1983-07-12 Vereinigte Schmirgel Und Maschinen-Fabriken Ag Method for the manufacture of granular grit for use as abrasives
US4452911A (en) 1983-08-10 1984-06-05 Hri, Inc. Frangible catalyst pretreatment method for use in hydrocarbon hydrodemetallization process
US4457767A (en) 1983-09-29 1984-07-03 Norton Company Alumina-zirconia abrasive
US4469758A (en) 1983-04-04 1984-09-04 Norton Co. Magnetic recording materials
JPS606356U (en) 1983-06-24 1985-01-17
US4505720A (en) 1983-06-29 1985-03-19 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Granular silicon carbide abrasive grain coated with refractory material, method of making the same and articles made therewith
US4541842A (en) 1980-12-29 1985-09-17 Norton Company Glass bonded abrasive agglomerates
US4548617A (en) 1982-08-20 1985-10-22 Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Abrasive and method for manufacturing the same
US4570048A (en) 1984-06-29 1986-02-11 Plasma Materials, Inc. Plasma jet torch having gas vortex in its nozzle for arc constriction
US4618349A (en) 1982-05-10 1986-10-21 Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Grinding wheel manufacturing method
US4623364A (en) 1984-03-23 1986-11-18 Norton Company Abrasive material and method for preparing the same
JPS622946Y2 (en) 1980-11-13 1987-01-23
US4657754A (en) 1985-11-21 1987-04-14 Norton Company Aluminum oxide powders and process
US4659341A (en) 1985-05-23 1987-04-21 Gte Products Corporation Silicon nitride abrasive frit
US4678560A (en) 1985-08-15 1987-07-07 Norton Company Screening device and process
EP0152768A3 (en) 1984-01-19 1987-09-16 Norton Company Abrasive grits or ceramic bodies and preparation thereof
US4711750A (en) 1977-12-19 1987-12-08 Norton Company Abrasive casting process
US4728043A (en) 1982-02-25 1988-03-01 Norton Company Mechanical sorting system for crude silicon carbide
US4744802A (en) 1985-04-30 1988-05-17 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Process for durable sol-gel produced alumina-based ceramics, abrasive grain and abrasive products
US4770671A (en) 1985-12-30 1988-09-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive grits formed of ceramic containing oxides of aluminum and yttrium, method of making and using the same and products made therewith
JPS6336905Y2 (en) 1981-11-10 1988-09-29
US4786292A (en) 1986-06-03 1988-11-22 Treibacher Chemische Werke Aktiengesellschaft Microcrystalline abrasive material and method of manufacture
EP0293163A2 (en) 1987-05-27 1988-11-30 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive grits formed of ceramic, impregnation method of making the same and products made therewith
US4797269A (en) 1988-02-08 1989-01-10 Norton Company Production of beta alumina by seeding and beta alumina produced thereby
US4797139A (en) 1987-08-11 1989-01-10 Norton Company Boehmite produced by a seeded hydyothermal process and ceramic bodies produced therefrom
US4799939A (en) 1987-02-26 1989-01-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Erodable agglomerates and abrasive products containing the same
US4829027A (en) 1987-01-12 1989-05-09 Ceramatec, Inc. Liquid phase sintering of silicon carbide
US4832706A (en) 1986-09-24 1989-05-23 International Limited Abrasive media
US4848041A (en) 1987-11-23 1989-07-18 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive grains in the shape of platelets
US4858527A (en) 1987-07-22 1989-08-22 Masanao Ozeki Screen printer with screen length and snap-off angle control
US4863573A (en) 1987-01-24 1989-09-05 Interface Developments Limited Abrasive article
US4876226A (en) 1987-01-12 1989-10-24 Fuentes Ricardo I Silicon carbide sintering
US4881951A (en) 1987-05-27 1989-11-21 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co. Abrasive grits formed of ceramic containing oxides of aluminum and rare earth metal, method of making and products made therewith
US4917852A (en) 1988-04-29 1990-04-17 Norton Company Method and apparatus for rapid solidification
US4918116A (en) 1986-06-13 1990-04-17 Rutgerswerke Ag High temperature resistant molding materials
US4925815A (en) 1986-09-03 1990-05-15 Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho Silicon carbide composite ceramic
US4930266A (en) 1988-02-26 1990-06-05 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive sheeting having individually positioned abrasive granules
US4942011A (en) 1988-05-03 1990-07-17 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Process for preparing silicon carbide fibers
US4954462A (en) 1987-06-05 1990-09-04 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Microcrystalline alumina-based ceramic articles
US4957886A (en) * 1986-11-20 1990-09-18 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Aluminum oxide/aluminum oxynitride/group IVB metal nitride abrasive particles derived from a sol-gel process
US4960441A (en) 1987-05-11 1990-10-02 Norton Company Sintered alumina-zirconia ceramic bodies
US4961757A (en) 1985-03-14 1990-10-09 Advanced Composite Materials Corporation Reinforced ceramic cutting tools
US4963012A (en) 1984-07-20 1990-10-16 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Passivation coating for flexible substrate mirrors
US4964883A (en) 1988-12-12 1990-10-23 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Ceramic alumina abrasive grains seeded with iron oxide
US4970057A (en) 1989-04-28 1990-11-13 Norton Company Silicon nitride vacuum furnace process
US4997461A (en) 1989-09-11 1991-03-05 Norton Company Nitrified bonded sol gel sintered aluminous abrasive bodies
US5009676A (en) 1989-04-28 1991-04-23 Norton Company Sintered sol gel alumina abrasive filaments
US5009675A (en) 1988-06-17 1991-04-23 Lonza Ltd Coated silicon carbide abrasive grain
US5011510A (en) 1988-10-05 1991-04-30 Mitsui Mining & Smelting Co., Ltd. Composite abrasive-articles and manufacturing method therefor
US5011508A (en) 1988-10-14 1991-04-30 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Shelling-resistant abrasive grain, a method of making the same, and abrasive products
US5014468A (en) 1989-05-05 1991-05-14 Norton Company Patterned coated abrasive for fine surface finishing
US5024795A (en) 1986-12-22 1991-06-18 Lanxide Technology Company, Lp Method of making shaped ceramic composites
US5032304A (en) 1989-02-02 1991-07-16 Sumitomo Special Metal Co. Ltd. Method of manufacturing transparent high density ceramic material
US5035724A (en) 1990-05-09 1991-07-30 Norton Company Sol-gel alumina shaped bodies
US5035723A (en) 1989-04-28 1991-07-30 Norton Company Bonded abrasive products containing sintered sol gel alumina abrasive filaments
JPH03194269A (en) 1989-12-20 1991-08-23 Seiko Electronic Components Ltd All-metal diaphragm valve
US5042991A (en) 1989-03-13 1991-08-27 Lonza Ltd. Hydrophobically coated abrasive grain
US5049166A (en) 1990-02-27 1991-09-17 Washington Mills Ceramics Corporation Light weight abrasive tumbling media and method of making same
US5049645A (en) 1989-03-14 1991-09-17 Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Inc. Preparation method of amino resin particulate having narrow particle size distribution
US5053369A (en) 1988-11-02 1991-10-01 Treibacher Chemische Werke Aktiengesellschaft Sintered microcrystalline ceramic material
US5053367A (en) 1986-09-16 1991-10-01 Lanxide Technology Company, Lp Composite ceramic structures
JPH03287687A (en) 1990-04-04 1991-12-18 Noritake Co Ltd Sintered silicon nitride abrasive and its manufacture
US5076991A (en) 1988-04-29 1991-12-31 Norton Company Method and apparatus for rapid solidification
US5078753A (en) 1990-10-09 1992-01-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive containing erodable agglomerates
US5081082A (en) 1990-01-17 1992-01-14 Korean Institute Of Machinery And Metals Production of alumina ceramics reinforced with β'"-alumina
US5085671A (en) 1990-05-02 1992-02-04 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of coating alumina particles with refractory material, abrasive particles made by the method and abrasive products containing the same
US5090968A (en) 1991-01-08 1992-02-25 Norton Company Process for the manufacture of filamentary abrasive particles
US5094986A (en) 1989-04-11 1992-03-10 Hercules Incorporated Wear resistant ceramic with a high alpha-content silicon nitride phase
US5098740A (en) 1989-12-13 1992-03-24 Norton Company Uniformly-coated ceramic particles
US5103598A (en) 1989-04-28 1992-04-14 Norton Company Coated abrasive material containing abrasive filaments
EP0480133A2 (en) 1990-10-09 1992-04-15 Norton Company Dry grinding wheel and its application
US5108963A (en) 1989-02-01 1992-04-28 Industrial Technology Research Institute Silicon carbide whisker reinforced alumina ceramic composites
US5114438A (en) 1990-10-29 1992-05-19 Ppg Industries, Inc. Abrasive article
US5120327A (en) 1991-03-05 1992-06-09 Diamant-Boart Stratabit (Usa) Inc. Cutting composite formed of cemented carbide substrate and diamond layer
US5123935A (en) 1989-02-22 1992-06-23 Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho Al2 o3 composites, process for producing them and throw-away tip made of al2 o3 composites
US5129919A (en) 1990-05-02 1992-07-14 Norton Company Bonded abrasive products containing sintered sol gel alumina abrasive filaments
US5131926A (en) 1991-03-15 1992-07-21 Norton Company Vitrified bonded finely milled sol gel aluminous bodies
US5132984A (en) 1990-11-01 1992-07-21 Norton Company Segmented electric furnace
US5139978A (en) 1990-07-16 1992-08-18 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Impregnation method for transformation of transition alumina to a alpha alumina
US5152917A (en) 1991-02-06 1992-10-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Structured abrasive article
US5160509A (en) 1991-05-22 1992-11-03 Norton Company Self-bonded ceramic abrasive wheels
US5164744A (en) 1990-06-29 1992-11-17 Hitachi Ltd. Thermal transfer printing apparatus
US5173457A (en) 1989-11-22 1992-12-22 Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company Paste compositions
US5178849A (en) 1991-03-22 1993-01-12 Norton Company Process for manufacturing alpha alumina from dispersible boehmite
US5180630A (en) 1986-10-14 1993-01-19 American Cyanamid Company Fibrillated fibers and articles made therefrom
US5185299A (en) 1987-06-05 1993-02-09 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Microcrystalline alumina-based ceramic articles
US5190568A (en) 1989-01-30 1993-03-02 Tselesin Naum N Abrasive tool with contoured surface
US5201916A (en) 1992-07-23 1993-04-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Shaped abrasive particles and method of making same
US5203886A (en) 1991-08-12 1993-04-20 Norton Company High porosity vitrified bonded grinding wheels
US5213591A (en) 1992-07-28 1993-05-25 Ahmet Celikkaya Abrasive grain, method of making same and abrasive products
US5215552A (en) 1992-02-26 1993-06-01 Norton Company Sol-gel alumina abrasive grain
US5219462A (en) 1992-01-13 1993-06-15 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article having abrasive composite members positioned in recesses
US5219806A (en) 1990-07-16 1993-06-15 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Alpha phase seeding of transition alumina using chromium oxide-based nucleating agents
US5221294A (en) 1991-05-22 1993-06-22 Norton Company Process of producing self-bonded ceramic abrasive wheels
US5224970A (en) 1989-03-01 1993-07-06 Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd. Abrasive material
US5227104A (en) 1984-06-14 1993-07-13 Norton Company High solids content gels and a process for producing them
US5244477A (en) 1989-04-28 1993-09-14 Norton Company Sintered sol gel alumina abrasive filaments
US5244849A (en) 1987-05-06 1993-09-14 Coors Porcelain Company Method for producing transparent polycrystalline body with high ultraviolet transmittance
US5273558A (en) 1991-08-30 1993-12-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive composition and articles incorporating same
US5277702A (en) 1993-03-08 1994-01-11 St. Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Plately alumina
US5282875A (en) 1992-03-18 1994-02-01 Cincinnati Milacron Inc. High density sol-gel alumina-based abrasive vitreous bonded grinding wheel
WO1994002559A1 (en) 1992-07-23 1994-02-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Shaped abrasive particles and method of making same
US5288297A (en) 1990-05-25 1994-02-22 The Australian National University Abrasive compact of cubic boron nitride and method of making same
US5300130A (en) 1993-07-26 1994-04-05 Saint Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Polishing material
US5304331A (en) 1992-07-23 1994-04-19 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method and apparatus for extruding bingham plastic-type materials
US5312789A (en) 1987-05-27 1994-05-17 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive grits formed of ceramic, impregnation method of making the same and products made therewith
US5312791A (en) 1992-08-21 1994-05-17 Saint Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Process for the preparation of ceramic flakes, fibers, and grains from ceramic sols
US5314513A (en) 1992-03-03 1994-05-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive product having a binder comprising a maleimide binder
CN1094079A (en) 1992-12-23 1994-10-26 美国3M公司 Abrasive grain comprising manganese oxide
US5366525A (en) 1992-06-22 1994-11-22 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Manufacture of abrasive tape
US5366523A (en) 1992-07-23 1994-11-22 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article containing shaped abrasive particles
US5372620A (en) 1993-12-13 1994-12-13 Saint Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Modified sol-gel alumina abrasive filaments
US5373786A (en) 1992-06-10 1994-12-20 Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd. Metal mask plate for screen printing
US5376598A (en) 1987-10-08 1994-12-27 The Boeing Company Fiber reinforced ceramic matrix laminate
US5376602A (en) 1993-12-23 1994-12-27 The Dow Chemical Company Low temperature, pressureless sintering of silicon nitride
US5383945A (en) 1984-01-19 1995-01-24 Norton Company Abrasive material and method
WO1995003370A1 (en) 1993-07-22 1995-02-02 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Silicon carbide grain
US5395407A (en) 1984-01-19 1995-03-07 Norton Company Abrasive material and method
US5409645A (en) 1993-12-20 1995-04-25 Saint Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Molding shaped articles
EP0652919A1 (en) 1992-07-28 1995-05-17 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Abrasive grain, method of making same and abrasive products.
US5429648A (en) 1993-09-23 1995-07-04 Norton Company Process for inducing porosity in an abrasive article
WO1995018192A1 (en) 1993-12-28 1995-07-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Alpha alumina-based abrasive grain having an as sintered outer surface
US5431967A (en) 1989-09-05 1995-07-11 Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System Selective laser sintering using nanocomposite materials
EP0662110A1 (en) 1992-09-25 1995-07-12 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive grain including rare earth oxide therein
US5435816A (en) 1993-01-14 1995-07-25 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of making an abrasive article
US5437754A (en) 1992-01-13 1995-08-01 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article having precise lateral spacing between abrasive composite members
WO1995020469A1 (en) 1994-01-28 1995-08-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive containing erodible agglomerates
US5441549A (en) 1993-04-19 1995-08-15 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive articles comprising a grinding aid dispersed in a polymeric blend binder
US5443603A (en) 1994-01-11 1995-08-22 Washington Mills Ceramics Corporation Light weight ceramic abrasive media
US5447894A (en) 1993-12-24 1995-09-05 Agency Of Industrial Science & Technology Sintered ceramic article formed mainly of alumina
US5453106A (en) 1993-10-27 1995-09-26 Roberts; Ellis E. Oriented particles in hard surfaces
US5454844A (en) 1993-10-29 1995-10-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article, a process of making same, and a method of using same to finish a workpiece surface
US5470806A (en) 1993-09-20 1995-11-28 Krstic; Vladimir D. Making of sintered silicon carbide bodies
US5479873A (en) 1994-02-14 1996-01-02 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Method of manufacturing aluminum borate whiskers having a reformed surface based upon gamma alumina
US5482756A (en) 1990-03-29 1996-01-09 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Nonwoven surface finishing articles reinforcing with a polymer backing
US5486496A (en) 1994-06-10 1996-01-23 Alumina Ceramics Co. (Aci) Graphite-loaded silicon carbide
EP0500369B1 (en) 1991-02-22 1996-01-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive product having a binder comprising an aminoplast binder
US5496386A (en) * 1993-03-18 1996-03-05 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive article having diluent particles and shaped abrasive particles
US5500273A (en) 1993-06-30 1996-03-19 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive articles comprising precisely shaped particles
US5516348A (en) 1993-12-28 1996-05-14 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Alpha alumina-based abrasive grain
US5516347A (en) 1995-04-05 1996-05-14 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Modified alpha alumina particles
US5523074A (en) 1992-07-01 1996-06-04 Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited Process for preparaing polyhedral α-alumina particles
US5525100A (en) 1994-11-09 1996-06-11 Norton Company Abrasive products
US5527369A (en) 1994-11-17 1996-06-18 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Modified sol-gel alumina
US5551963A (en) 1992-09-25 1996-09-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co. Abrasive grain containing alumina and zirconia
WO1996027189A1 (en) 1995-03-02 1996-09-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of texturing a substrate using a structured abrasive article
US5567150A (en) 1993-12-28 1996-10-22 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making sintered abrasive grain
US5567214A (en) 1995-05-03 1996-10-22 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Process for production of alumina/zirconia materials
US5567251A (en) 1994-08-01 1996-10-22 Amorphous Alloys Corp. Amorphous metal/reinforcement composite material
US5571297A (en) 1995-06-06 1996-11-05 Norton Company Dual-cure binder system
US5576409A (en) 1995-08-25 1996-11-19 Imperial Chemical Industries Plc Internal mold release compositions
US5578095A (en) 1994-11-21 1996-11-26 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive article
US5578222A (en) 1995-12-20 1996-11-26 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Reclamation of abrasive grain
EP0609864B1 (en) 1993-02-04 1996-11-27 H.C. Starck GmbH & Co. KG Sintered silicon carbide abrasive grain and method of making it
US5582625A (en) 1995-06-01 1996-12-10 Norton Company Curl-resistant coated abrasives
US5584897A (en) 1994-02-22 1996-12-17 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making an endless coated abrasive article
US5591685A (en) 1995-03-03 1997-01-07 National Institute For Research In Inorganic Materials Superplastic silicon carbide sintered body
US5593468A (en) 1995-07-26 1997-01-14 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Sol-gel alumina abrasives
US5599493A (en) 1994-04-26 1997-02-04 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Method of producing silicon nitride ceramic component
US5609706A (en) 1991-12-20 1997-03-11 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of preparation of a coated abrasive belt with an endless, seamless backing
US5611829A (en) 1995-06-20 1997-03-18 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Alpha alumina-based abrasive grain containing silica and iron oxide
US5618221A (en) 1994-01-25 1997-04-08 Okuma Corporation Method of dressing grindstone for NC grinder
WO1997014536A1 (en) 1995-10-20 1997-04-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company High performance abrasive articles containing abrasive grains and nonabrasive composite grains
EP0771769A2 (en) 1995-11-06 1997-05-07 Dow Corning Corporation Sintering alpha silicon carbide powder with multiple sintering aids
US5641469A (en) 1991-05-28 1997-06-24 Norton Company Production of alpha alumina
US5645619A (en) 1995-06-20 1997-07-08 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of making alpha alumina-based abrasive grain containing silica and iron oxide
US5651925A (en) 1995-11-29 1997-07-29 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Process for quenching molten ceramic material
US5656217A (en) 1994-09-13 1997-08-12 Advanced Composite Materials Corporation Pressureless sintering of whisker reinforced alumina composites
US5667542A (en) 1996-05-08 1997-09-16 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Antiloading components for abrasive articles
US5669943A (en) 1995-06-07 1997-09-23 Norton Company Cutting tools having textured cutting surface
US5669941A (en) 1996-01-05 1997-09-23 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive article
US5672097A (en) 1993-09-13 1997-09-30 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article for finishing
US5672554A (en) 1993-07-27 1997-09-30 Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited Alumina composition, alumina molded article, alumina ceramics, and process for producing ceramics
US5683844A (en) 1995-09-28 1997-11-04 Xerox Corporation Fibrillated carrier compositions and processes for making and using
US5725162A (en) 1995-04-05 1998-03-10 Saint Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Firing sol-gel alumina particles
US5736619A (en) 1995-04-21 1998-04-07 Ameron International Corporation Phenolic resin compositions with improved impact resistance
US5738696A (en) 1996-07-26 1998-04-14 Norton Company Method for making high permeability grinding wheels
US5738697A (en) 1996-07-26 1998-04-14 Norton Company High permeability grinding wheels
JPH10113875A (en) 1996-10-08 1998-05-06 Noritake Co Ltd Super abrasive grain abrasive grindstone
US5751313A (en) 1991-02-04 1998-05-12 Seiko Epson Corporation Hydrophilic ink passage
US5759481A (en) 1994-10-18 1998-06-02 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Silicon nitride having a high tensile strength
US5776214A (en) 1996-09-18 1998-07-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain and abrasive articles
US5779743A (en) 1996-09-18 1998-07-14 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain and abrasive articles
US5810587A (en) 1996-05-13 1998-09-22 Danville Engineering Friable abrasive media
US5830248A (en) 1995-08-10 1998-11-03 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Method for making a spliceless coated abrasive belt
US5840089A (en) 1994-01-13 1998-11-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of making an abrasive article
JPH10315142A (en) 1997-05-19 1998-12-02 Japan Vilene Co Ltd Polishing sheet
JPH10330734A (en) 1997-06-03 1998-12-15 Noritake Co Ltd Silicon carbide composited silicon nitride abrasive and its preparation
US5849646A (en) 1991-12-20 1998-12-15 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive backing
US5855997A (en) 1996-02-14 1999-01-05 The Penn State Research Foundation Laminated ceramic cutting tool
US5863306A (en) 1997-01-07 1999-01-26 Norton Company Production of patterned abrasive surfaces
WO1999006500A1 (en) 1997-08-01 1999-02-11 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive articles comprising a blend of abrasive particles
US5876793A (en) 1996-02-21 1999-03-02 Ultramet Fine powders and method for manufacturing
US5885311A (en) 1997-06-05 1999-03-23 Norton Company Abrasive products
US5893935A (en) 1997-01-09 1999-04-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain using impregnation, and abrasive articles
US5902647A (en) 1996-12-03 1999-05-11 General Electric Company Method for protecting passage holes in a metal-based substrate from becoming obstructed, and related compositions
US5908477A (en) 1997-06-24 1999-06-01 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Abrasive articles including an antiloading composition
US5919549A (en) 1996-11-27 1999-07-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive articles and method for the manufacture of same
US5921725A (en) 1996-03-13 1999-07-13 Kashiwagi; Tetsuya Sintered silicon nitride articles for tools and method of preparation
US5924917A (en) 1993-06-17 1999-07-20 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasives and methods of preparation
WO1999038817A1 (en) 1998-01-28 1999-08-05 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain using impregnation and abrasive articles
US5946991A (en) 1997-09-03 1999-09-07 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for knurling a workpiece
JP2957492B2 (en) 1996-03-26 1999-10-04 合資会社亀井鉄工所 Method of grinding a work surface
WO1999054424A1 (en) 1998-04-22 1999-10-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Layered alumina-based abrasive grit, abrasive products, and methods
US5975987A (en) 1995-10-05 1999-11-02 3M Innovative Properties Company Method and apparatus for knurling a workpiece, method of molding an article with such workpiece, and such molded article
US5984988A (en) 1992-07-23 1999-11-16 Minnesota Minning & Manufacturing Company Shaped abrasive particles and method of making same
US5989301A (en) 1998-02-18 1999-11-23 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. Optical polishing formulation
US5997597A (en) 1998-02-24 1999-12-07 Norton Company Abrasive tool with knurled surface
US6001759A (en) * 1997-09-09 1999-12-14 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Silicon nitride sintered body, method of preparing the same and nitrided compact
US6016660A (en) 1998-05-14 2000-01-25 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. Cryo-sedimentation process
US6019805A (en) 1998-05-01 2000-02-01 Norton Company Abrasive filaments in coated abrasives
US6024824A (en) 1997-07-17 2000-02-15 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making articles in sheet form, particularly abrasive articles
US6027326A (en) 1997-10-28 2000-02-22 Sandia Corporation Freeforming objects with low-binder slurry
JP2000091280A (en) 1998-09-16 2000-03-31 Toshiba Corp Semiconductor polishing apparatus and polishing of semiconductor substrate
US6048577A (en) 1992-02-05 2000-04-11 Norton Company Nano-sized alpha alumina particles having a silica coating thereon
US6054093A (en) 1994-10-19 2000-04-25 Saint Gobain-Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Screen printing shaped articles
US6053956A (en) 1998-05-19 2000-04-25 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for making abrasive grain using impregnation and abrasive articles
US6080215A (en) 1996-08-12 2000-06-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article and method of making such article
US6083622A (en) 1996-03-27 2000-07-04 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. Firing sol-gel alumina particles
US6096107A (en) 2000-01-03 2000-08-01 Norton Company Superabrasive products
JP3079277B2 (en) 1988-06-14 2000-08-21 テクトロニックス・インコーポレイテッド Task execution order determination method
US6110241A (en) 1999-08-06 2000-08-29 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. Abrasive grain with improved projectability
US6136288A (en) 1993-12-16 2000-10-24 Norton Company Firing fines
JP2000336344A (en) 1999-03-23 2000-12-05 Seimi Chem Co Ltd Abrasive
US6179887B1 (en) 1999-02-17 2001-01-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for making an abrasive article and abrasive articles thereof
WO2001014494A1 (en) 1999-08-20 2001-03-01 Pem Abrasifs-Refractaires Abrasive grains for grindstones, with improved anchoring capacity
US6206942B1 (en) 1997-01-09 2001-03-27 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain using impregnation, and abrasive articles
JP3160084B2 (en) 1992-07-24 2001-04-23 株式会社ムラカミ Manufacturing method of screen printing metal mask
US6228134B1 (en) 1998-04-22 2001-05-08 3M Innovative Properties Company Extruded alumina-based abrasive grit, abrasive products, and methods
EP0614861B1 (en) 1992-10-01 2001-05-23 Nihon Cement Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing titania and alumina ceramic sintered bodies
US6238450B1 (en) 1999-06-16 2001-05-29 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. Ceria powder
JP2001162541A (en) 1999-12-13 2001-06-19 Noritake Co Ltd Rotary grinding wheel for plunge grinding
US6258137B1 (en) 1992-02-05 2001-07-10 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. CMP products
US6258141B1 (en) 1999-08-20 2001-07-10 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. Sol-gel alumina abrasive grain
US6261682B1 (en) 1998-06-30 2001-07-17 3M Innovative Properties Abrasive articles including an antiloading composition
EP0931032B1 (en) 1996-09-18 2001-07-18 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain using impregnation, and abrasive articles
JP2001207160A (en) 1999-11-19 2001-07-31 Yamashita Works:Kk Abrasive and method of abrasion using the abrasive
EP0833803B1 (en) 1995-06-20 2001-08-08 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Alpha alumina-based abrasive grain containing silica and iron oxide
US6277160B1 (en) 1995-08-11 2001-08-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article and method of making such article
US6277161B1 (en) 1999-09-28 2001-08-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive grain, abrasive articles, and methods of making and using the same
US6284690B1 (en) 1995-11-16 2001-09-04 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Si3N4 ceramic, Si-base composition for production thereof and processes for producing these
US6283997B1 (en) 1998-11-13 2001-09-04 The Trustees Of Princeton University Controlled architecture ceramic composites by stereolithography
US6287353B1 (en) 1999-09-28 2001-09-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive grain, abrasive articles, and methods of making and using the same
US20010027623A1 (en) 2000-02-02 2001-10-11 Rosenflanz Anatoly Z. Fused A12O3-MgO-rare earth oxide eutectic abrasive particles, abrasive articles, and methods of making and using the same
US6306007B1 (en) 1992-06-03 2001-10-23 Hitachi, Ltd. Rolling mill equipped with on-line roll grinding system and grinding wheel
US6312324B1 (en) 1996-09-30 2001-11-06 Osaka Diamond Industrial Co. Superabrasive tool and method of manufacturing the same
US6319108B1 (en) 1999-07-09 2001-11-20 3M Innovative Properties Company Metal bond abrasive article comprising porous ceramic abrasive composites and method of using same to abrade a workpiece
US6331343B1 (en) 1999-05-07 2001-12-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Films having a fibrillated surface and method of making
JP2002038131A (en) 2000-07-19 2002-02-06 Admatechs Co Ltd Abrasive composition, method for producing abrasive composition and polishing method
US20020026752A1 (en) 1996-09-11 2002-03-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article and method of making
US6371842B1 (en) 1993-06-17 2002-04-16 3M Innovative Properties Company Patterned abrading articles and methods of making and using same
US6391812B1 (en) 1999-06-23 2002-05-21 Ngk Insulators, Ltd. Silicon nitride sintered body and method of producing the same
US6403001B1 (en) 2000-03-22 2002-06-11 Ngk Insulators, Ltd. Production of powder-molded body
US6401795B1 (en) 1997-10-28 2002-06-11 Sandia Corporation Method for freeforming objects with low-binder slurry
US6413286B1 (en) 2000-05-03 2002-07-02 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Production tool process
US20020084103A1 (en) * 2000-10-27 2002-07-04 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Silicon nitride ceramic substrate, silicon nitride ceramic circuit board using the substrate, and method of manufacturing the substrate
CA2423788A1 (en) 2000-10-31 2002-07-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent compositions comprising particles with benefit agent
US6451076B1 (en) 2001-06-21 2002-09-17 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Engineered abrasives
US20020151265A1 (en) 2000-05-09 2002-10-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Porous abrasive article having ceramic abrasive composites, methods of making, and methods of use
US20020160694A1 (en) 2000-10-06 2002-10-31 3M Innovative Properties Company Agglomerate abrasive grain and a method of making the same
US20020170236A1 (en) 2001-03-20 2002-11-21 Larson Eric G. Abrasive article having projections attached to a major surface thereof
US20020174935A1 (en) 2001-05-25 2002-11-28 Motorola, Inc. Methods for manufacturing patterned ceramic green-sheets and multilayered ceramic packages
US20020177391A1 (en) 2001-05-25 2002-11-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article
US20030008933A1 (en) 2000-06-23 2003-01-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Fibrillated foam article
US20030022961A1 (en) 2001-03-23 2003-01-30 Satoshi Kusaka Friction material and method of mix-fibrillating fibers
US20030029094A1 (en) 2000-04-17 2003-02-13 Paul Moeltgen Microcrystalline alpha-a12O3 shaped body, method for the production and use thereof
JP2003049158A (en) 2001-08-09 2003-02-21 Hitachi Maxell Ltd Abrasive particle and abrasive body
US6524681B1 (en) 1997-04-08 2003-02-25 3M Innovative Properties Company Patterned surface friction materials, clutch plate members and methods of making and using same
US6531423B1 (en) 1999-07-15 2003-03-11 Wacker-Chemie Gmbh Liquid-phase-sintered SiC shaped bodies with improved fracture toughness and a high electric resistance
US6537140B1 (en) 1997-05-14 2003-03-25 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Patterned abrasive tools
US20030085204A1 (en) 2001-11-07 2003-05-08 Lagos Bryan C. Method for molding a polymer surface that reduces particle generation and surface adhesion forces while maintaining a high heat transfer coefficient
US20030109371A1 (en) 2001-08-20 2003-06-12 Pujari Vimal K. Silicon carbide ceramic composition and method of making
US6579819B2 (en) 2000-08-29 2003-06-17 National Institute For Research In Inorganic Materials Silicon nitride sintered products and processes for their production
US20030110707A1 (en) 2001-08-02 2003-06-19 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive particles, and methods of making and using the same
US6582623B1 (en) 1999-07-07 2003-06-24 Cabot Microelectronics Corporation CMP composition containing silane modified abrasive particles
US6583080B1 (en) 2000-07-19 2003-06-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Fused aluminum oxycarbide/nitride-Al2O3·rare earth oxide eutectic materials
US20030126800A1 (en) 2001-12-05 2003-07-10 Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation Mixed powder deposition of components for wear, erosion and abrasion resistant applications
US6599177B2 (en) 2001-06-25 2003-07-29 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Coated abrasives with indicia
WO2003087236A1 (en) 2002-04-10 2003-10-23 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Mineral-filled coatings having enhanced abrasion resistance and wear clarity and methods for using the same
EP1356152A2 (en) 2001-01-30 2003-10-29 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Coating compositions for modifying surfaces
US6652361B1 (en) 2000-10-26 2003-11-25 Ronald Gash Abrasives distribution method
WO2002097150A3 (en) 2001-05-26 2003-12-11 Siemens Ag Method for a mechanical treatment of a metallic surface
EP1371451A1 (en) 2002-06-14 2003-12-17 General Electric Company Abrasive tools with precisely controlled abrasive array and method of fabrication
US6669745B2 (en) 2001-02-21 2003-12-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article with optimally oriented abrasive particles and method of making the same
US20040003895A1 (en) 2000-08-14 2004-01-08 Takashi Amano Abrasive pad for cmp
CN1134692C (en) 1997-03-20 2004-01-14 雷伊公司 High conductivity buried layer in optical waveguide
US6685755B2 (en) 2001-11-21 2004-02-03 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Porous abrasive tool and method for making the same
US6696258B1 (en) 1998-01-20 2004-02-24 Drexel University Mesoporous materials and methods of making the same
EP1015181B1 (en) 1997-09-16 2004-03-10 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive slurries and abrasive articles comprising multiple abrasive particle grades
US6749496B2 (en) 1999-07-29 2004-06-15 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Reinforced abrasive wheels
JP2004209624A (en) 2003-01-07 2004-07-29 Akimichi Koide Manufacture of abrasive grain-containing fiber and its manufacturing method
US20040148967A1 (en) 2003-02-05 2004-08-05 3M Innovative Properties Company Methods of making ceramic particles
US20040202844A1 (en) 2003-04-14 2004-10-14 Wong Marvin Glenn Feature formation in thick-film inks
US20040224125A1 (en) 2003-05-08 2004-11-11 Ngk Insulators, Ltd. Ceramic members, a method of producing the same and corrosion resistant members
US20040235406A1 (en) 2000-11-17 2004-11-25 Duescher Wayne O. Abrasive agglomerate coated raised island articles
US20040244675A1 (en) 2001-08-09 2004-12-09 Mikio Kishimoto Non-magnetic particles having a plate shape and method for production thereof, abrasive material, polishing article and abrasive fluid comprising such particles
US6833014B2 (en) 2002-07-26 2004-12-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive product, method of making and using the same, and apparatus for making the same
US6843815B1 (en) 2003-09-04 2005-01-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive articles and method of abrading
US20050020190A1 (en) 2000-11-03 2005-01-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Flexible abrasive product and method of making and using the same
US20050060941A1 (en) 2003-09-23 2005-03-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article and methods of making the same
US20050064805A1 (en) 2003-09-23 2005-03-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured abrasive article
US20050060947A1 (en) 2003-09-23 2005-03-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Compositions for abrasive articles
US6878456B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2005-04-12 3M Innovative Properties Co. Polycrystalline translucent alumina-based ceramic material, uses, and methods
US6888360B1 (en) 2004-02-20 2005-05-03 Research In Motion Limited Surface mount technology evaluation board having varied board pad characteristics
US20050118939A1 (en) 2000-11-17 2005-06-02 Duescher Wayne O. Abrasive bead coated sheet and island articles
US20050132655A1 (en) 2003-12-18 2005-06-23 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making abrasive particles
US6913824B2 (en) 2000-10-16 2005-07-05 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making an agglomerate particle
WO2005080624A1 (en) 2004-02-13 2005-09-01 Nv Bekaert Sa Steel wire with metal layer and roughnesses
US6949128B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2005-09-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making an abrasive product
US20050218565A1 (en) 2001-07-30 2005-10-06 Dichiara Robert A Jr Oxide based ceramic matrix composites
US20050223649A1 (en) 2004-04-13 2005-10-13 3M Innovative Properties Company Nonwoven abrasive articles and methods
US20050232853A1 (en) 2004-04-15 2005-10-20 Evans Corey R Shaped particle
US20050245179A1 (en) 2004-05-03 2005-11-03 3M Innovative Properties Company Backup shoe for microfinishing and methods
US20050255801A1 (en) 2004-05-17 2005-11-17 Pollasky Anthony D Abrasive material and method of forming same
US20050266221A1 (en) 2004-05-28 2005-12-01 Panolam Industries International, Inc. Fiber-reinforced decorative laminate
US20050271795A1 (en) 2002-04-08 2005-12-08 Ahmad Moini Combinatorial synthesis
US6974930B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2005-12-13 Jense Systemen B.V. Laser scanner
US20050284029A1 (en) 2002-12-23 2005-12-29 Pem Abrasifs-Refractaires Aluminum and zirconium oxynitride abrasive grains
US20060049540A1 (en) 2004-06-15 2006-03-09 Shiqiang Hui Tape casting method and tape cast materials
US7022179B1 (en) 1990-06-19 2006-04-04 Dry Carolyn M Self-repairing, reinforced matrix materials
US7044989B2 (en) 2002-07-26 2006-05-16 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive product, method of making and using the same, and apparatus for making the same
US20060126265A1 (en) 2003-04-30 2006-06-15 Medtronic, Inc. Complex-shaped ceramic capacitors for implantable cardioverter defibrillators and method of manufacture
US20060135050A1 (en) 2004-12-16 2006-06-22 Petersen John G Resilient structured sanding article
JP2006159402A (en) 2004-11-11 2006-06-22 Fuji Seisakusho:Kk Abrasive and its manufacturing method, and blasting machining method with abrasive
JP2006192540A (en) 2005-01-14 2006-07-27 Tmp Co Ltd Polishing film for liquid crystal color filter
US20060177488A1 (en) 2005-02-07 2006-08-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Abrasive wipe for treating a surface
US20060185256A1 (en) 2005-02-22 2006-08-24 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Rapid tooling system and methods for manufacturing abrasive articles
WO2006027593A3 (en) 2004-09-10 2006-08-24 Dytech Corp Ltd Gelcasting of a ceramic catalyst carrier
US7141522B2 (en) 2003-09-18 2006-11-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Ceramics comprising Al2O3, Y2O3, ZrO2 and/or HfO2, and Nb2O5 and/or Ta2O5 and methods of making the same
US20070020457A1 (en) 2005-07-21 2007-01-25 3M Innovative Properties Company Composite particle comprising an abrasive grit
US20070051355A1 (en) 1997-04-04 2007-03-08 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US20070072527A1 (en) 2005-09-27 2007-03-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Shape controlled abrasive article and method
US20070074456A1 (en) 2005-09-30 2007-04-05 Xavier Orlhac Abrasive tools having a permeable structure
WO2007041538A1 (en) 2005-10-05 2007-04-12 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making a structured abrasive article
US7267700B2 (en) 2003-09-23 2007-09-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured abrasive with parabolic sides
US20070234646A1 (en) 2006-03-29 2007-10-11 Antionette Can Polycrystalline abrasive compacts
EP1851007A1 (en) 2005-02-22 2007-11-07 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Rapid tooling system and methods for manufacturing abrasive articles
US7297170B2 (en) 2002-07-26 2007-11-20 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of using abrasive product
US20080017053A1 (en) 2006-07-18 2008-01-24 Mayuka Araumi Screen printing plate
US7364788B2 (en) 2000-09-29 2008-04-29 Trexel, Inc. Fiber-filled molded articles
US7373887B2 (en) 2006-07-01 2008-05-20 Jason Stewart Jackson Expanding projectile
US20080121124A1 (en) 2005-04-24 2008-05-29 Produce Co., Ltd. Screen Printer
US20080176075A1 (en) 2007-01-15 2008-07-24 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Ceramic particulate material and processes for forming same
US20080172951A1 (en) 2007-01-23 2008-07-24 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Coated abrasive products containing aggregates
US20080179783A1 (en) 2007-01-31 2008-07-31 Geo2 Technologies, Inc. Extruded Fibrous Silicon Carbide Substrate and Methods for Producing the Same
US20080188369A1 (en) * 2006-12-27 2008-08-07 Sandvik Intellectual Property Ab Ceramic material and cutting tools made thereof
JP2008194761A (en) 2007-02-08 2008-08-28 Roki Techno Co Ltd Grinding sheet and manufacturing method therefor
US20080230951A1 (en) 2007-02-28 2008-09-25 Thierry Luc Alain Dannoux Methods for making microfluidic devices and devices produced thereof
US20080262577A1 (en) 2005-12-15 2008-10-23 Laser Abrasive Technologies, Llc Method and apparatus for treatment of solid material including hard tissue
US20080286590A1 (en) 2004-08-24 2008-11-20 Albright & Wilson (Australia) Limited Ceramic and Metallic Components and Methods for Their Production from Flexible Gelled Materials
US20080299875A1 (en) 2000-11-17 2008-12-04 Duescher Wayne O Equal sized spherical beads
US20090016916A1 (en) 2006-07-31 2009-01-15 Maximilian Rosenzweig Bidirectional piston pump
US20090017736A1 (en) 2007-07-10 2009-01-15 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Single-use edging wheel for finishing glass
US7488544B2 (en) 2001-11-19 2009-02-10 Stanton Advanced Ceramics, Llc Thermal shock resistant ceramic composites
US7507268B2 (en) 2001-08-02 2009-03-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Al2O3-Y2O3-ZrO2/HfO2 materials, and methods of making and using the same
US20090165394A1 (en) 2007-12-27 2009-07-02 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making abrasive shards, shaped abrasive particles with an opening, or dish-shaped abrasive particles
US20090165661A1 (en) 2007-06-06 2009-07-02 Thieme Gmbh & Co. Kg Method and Device for Printing Solar Cells By Screen Printing
WO2009085578A2 (en) 2007-12-20 2009-07-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article having a plurality of precisely-shaped abrasive composites
US7560139B2 (en) 2003-07-18 2009-07-14 Snecma Propulsion Solide Thermostructural composite structure with a compositional gradient, its manufacturing process
US7560062B2 (en) 2004-07-12 2009-07-14 Aspen Aerogels, Inc. High strength, nanoporous bodies reinforced with fibrous materials
US7563293B2 (en) 2001-08-02 2009-07-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Al2O3-rare earth oxide-ZrO2/HfO2 materials, and methods of making and using the same
US20090208734A1 (en) 2008-01-18 2009-08-20 Macfie Gavin Test strips, methods, and system of manufacturing test strip lots having a predetermined calibration characteristic
US20090246464A1 (en) 2008-03-26 2009-10-01 Kyocera Corporation Silicon nitride cutting tool
US7611795B2 (en) 2003-12-08 2009-11-03 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Fuel cell manufacturing method and fuel cell
US7618684B2 (en) 2002-12-12 2009-11-17 Innovatech, Llc Method of forming a coating on a surface of a substrate
US20100003900A1 (en) 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Showa Denko K.K. Abrasive tape, method for producing abrasive tape, and varnishing process
US20100003904A1 (en) 2000-11-17 2010-01-07 Duescher Wayne O High speed flat lapping platen, raised islands and abrasive beads
US20100000159A1 (en) 2008-07-02 2010-01-07 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive Slicing Tool for Electronics Industry
US7662735B2 (en) 2002-08-02 2010-02-16 3M Innovative Properties Company Ceramic fibers and composites comprising same
US7666475B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2010-02-23 Siemens Energy, Inc. Method for forming interphase layers in ceramic matrix composites
US7670679B2 (en) 2006-05-30 2010-03-02 General Electric Company Core-shell ceramic particulate and method of making
US7669658B2 (en) 2003-02-06 2010-03-02 William Marsh Rice University High strength polycrystalline ceramic spheres
US20100056816A1 (en) 2006-11-01 2010-03-04 Wallin Sten A Shaped porous bodies of alpha-alumina and methods for the preparation thereof
US20100068974A1 (en) 2008-09-16 2010-03-18 Diamond Innovations, Inc. Abrasive particles having a unique morphology
US7695542B2 (en) 2006-11-30 2010-04-13 Longyear Tm, Inc. Fiber-containing diamond-impregnated cutting tools
EP2176031A1 (en) 2007-07-13 2010-04-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured abrasive with overlayer, and method of making and using the same
EP2184134A1 (en) 2007-08-28 2010-05-12 Jiaxiang Hou Method for arranging abrasive particles of a grind tool orderly
US20100151195A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2010-06-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Dish-shaped abrasive particles with a recessed surface
US20100146867A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2010-06-17 Boden John T Shaped abrasive particles with grooves
US20100151196A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2010-06-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles with a sloping sidewall
US20100151201A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2010-06-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles with an opening
US20100190424A1 (en) 2008-12-30 2010-07-29 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Reinforced Bonded Abrasive Tools
WO2010085587A1 (en) 2009-01-26 2010-07-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured fixed abrasive articles including surface treated nano-ceria filler, and method for making and using the same
US20100201018A1 (en) 2009-01-06 2010-08-12 Ngk Insulators, Ltd. Forming die and method for manufacturing formed body using forming die
US20100267543A1 (en) * 2007-09-07 2010-10-21 Becher Paul F Use of additives to improve microstructures and fracture resistance of silicon nitride ceramics
US20100292428A1 (en) 2007-11-30 2010-11-18 Ohio Aerospace Institute Highly Porous Ceramic Oxide Aerogels Having Improved Flexibility
JP4585991B2 (en) 2006-07-04 2010-11-24 三井金属鉱業株式会社 Cerium-based abrasive
US20100307067A1 (en) 2007-07-23 2010-12-09 Iakovos Sigalas Abrasive compact
US20100319269A1 (en) 2009-06-22 2010-12-23 Erickson Dwight D Shaped abrasive particles with low roundness factor
US7858189B2 (en) 1999-06-04 2010-12-28 Saertex Wagener Gmbh & Co. Kg Fiber-reinforced composites and method for the production thereof
WO2010151201A1 (en) 2009-06-22 2010-12-29 Gsab Glassmästeribranschens Service Ab Improvements in and relating to a hinge profile fixable in a supporting profile
US20110008604A1 (en) 2009-07-07 2011-01-13 Morgan Advanced Materials And Technology Inc. Hard non-oxide or oxide ceramic / hard non-oxide or oxide ceramic composite hybrid article
US7906057B2 (en) 2005-07-14 2011-03-15 3M Innovative Properties Company Nanostructured article and method of making the same
US20110111563A1 (en) 2009-11-12 2011-05-12 Nitto Denko Corporation Adhesive tape for resin-encapsulating and method of manufacture of resin-encapsulated semiconductor device
US20110124483A1 (en) 2009-11-23 2011-05-26 Applied Nanostructured Solutions, Llc Ceramic composite materials containing carbon nanotube-infused fiber materials and methods for production thereof
WO2011068724A2 (en) 2009-12-02 2011-06-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making a coated abrasive article having shaped abrasive particles and resulting product
WO2011068714A2 (en) 2009-12-02 2011-06-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Dual tapered shaped abrasive particles
US20110136659A1 (en) 2008-04-30 2011-06-09 Allen Timothy L Porous body precursors, shaped porous bodies, processes for making them, and end-use products based upon the same
US20110146509A1 (en) 2009-12-22 2011-06-23 3M Innovative Properties Company Transfer assisted screen printing method of making shaped abrasive particles and the resulting shaped abrasive particles
US7968147B2 (en) 2004-05-19 2011-06-28 Tdy Industries, Inc. Method of forming a diffusion bonding enhanced layer on Al2O3 ceramic tools
US20110160104A1 (en) 2009-12-31 2011-06-30 Oxane Materials, Inc. Ceramic Particles With Controlled Pore and/or Microsphere Placement and/or Size and Method Of Making Same
US7972430B2 (en) 2003-11-24 2011-07-05 General Electric Company Composition and method for use with ceramic matrix composite T-sections
WO2011109188A2 (en) 2010-03-03 2011-09-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Bonded abrasive wheel
US8021449B2 (en) 2008-04-18 2011-09-20 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Hydrophilic and hydrophobic silane surface modification of abrasive grains
US8034137B2 (en) 2007-12-27 2011-10-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped, fractured abrasive particle, abrasive article using same and method of making
US8049136B2 (en) 2007-08-03 2011-11-01 Fuji Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Method for producing metal mask for screen printing
WO2011139562A2 (en) 2010-04-27 2011-11-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Ceramic shaped abrasive particles, methods of making the same, and abrasive articles containing the same
EP2390056A2 (en) 2010-05-28 2011-11-30 Oy Kwh Mirka Ab Abrasive product and the method for coating the same
US20110289854A1 (en) 2010-05-25 2011-12-01 3M Innovative Properties Company Layered particle electrostatic deposition process for making a coated abrasive article
US8070556B2 (en) 2003-12-23 2011-12-06 Diamond Innovations, Inc. Grinding wheel for roll grinding and method of roll grinding
US20120000135A1 (en) 2010-07-02 2012-01-05 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive articles
WO2012018903A2 (en) 2010-08-04 2012-02-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Intersecting plate shaped abrasive particles
US8141484B2 (en) 2005-06-17 2012-03-27 Shin-Etsu Handotai Co., Ltd. Screen printing plate and screen printing apparatus
EP1800801B1 (en) 1997-11-03 2012-03-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article containing a grinding aid and method of making the same
WO2012061033A2 (en) 2010-11-01 2012-05-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Laser method for making shaped ceramic abrasive particles, shaped ceramic abrasive particles, and abrasive articles
WO2012061016A1 (en) 2010-11-01 2012-05-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles and method of making
WO2012092590A2 (en) 2010-12-31 2012-07-05 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
US20120168979A1 (en) 2010-12-30 2012-07-05 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Method of forming a shaped abrasive particle
WO2012112322A2 (en) 2011-02-16 2012-08-23 3M Innovative Properties Company Electrostatic abrasive particle coating apparatus and method
WO2012112305A2 (en) 2011-02-16 2012-08-23 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive article having rotationally aligned formed ceramic abrasive particles and method of making
US8251774B2 (en) 2008-08-28 2012-08-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured abrasive article, method of making the same, and use in wafer planarization
WO2012141905A2 (en) 2011-04-14 2012-10-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Nonwoven abrasive article containing elastomer bound agglomerates of shaped abrasive grain
EP2537917A1 (en) 2011-06-20 2012-12-26 The Procter and Gamble Company Liquid detergent composition with abrasive particles
US20130000212A1 (en) 2011-06-30 2013-01-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Liquid phase sintered silicon carbide abrasive particles
US20130000216A1 (en) 2011-06-30 2013-01-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride
US20130009484A1 (en) 2010-03-19 2013-01-10 Baichou Yu Green Power Converter
WO2013009484A2 (en) 2011-07-12 2013-01-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making ceramic shaped abrasive particles, sol-gel composition, and ceramic shaped abrasive particles
US20130036402A1 (en) 2011-08-05 2013-02-07 Microsoft Corporation Using virtual machines to manage software builds
US20130045251A1 (en) 2010-04-27 2013-02-21 Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd Pharmaceutical composition for improving solubility of prasugrel and its preparation method
EP2567784A1 (en) 2011-09-08 2013-03-13 3M Innovative Properties Co. Bonded abrasive article
WO2013036402A1 (en) 2011-09-07 2013-03-14 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of abrading a workpiece
US20130072417A1 (en) 2011-09-20 2013-03-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid detergent composition with abrasive particles
US20130067669A1 (en) 2011-09-20 2013-03-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning composition
US20130074418A1 (en) 2011-09-26 2013-03-28 Tracy H. Panzarella Abrasive articles including abrasive particulate materials, coated abrasives using the abrasive particulate materials and methods of forming
WO2013045251A1 (en) 2011-09-07 2013-04-04 3M Innovative Properties Company Bonded abrasive article
US8440603B2 (en) 2011-06-20 2013-05-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition comprising a polylactic acid biodegradable abrasive
US8440602B2 (en) 2009-12-22 2013-05-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition comprising a divinyl benzene cross-linked styrene polymer
WO2013070576A2 (en) 2011-11-09 2013-05-16 3M Innovative Properties Company Composite abrasive wheel
US8445422B2 (en) 2010-09-21 2013-05-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning composition
US8470759B2 (en) 2011-06-20 2013-06-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition comprising a polyhydroxy-alkanoate biodegradable abrasive
WO2013102170A1 (en) 2011-12-30 2013-07-04 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Composite shaped abrasive particles and method of forming same
WO2013102177A1 (en) 2011-12-30 2013-07-04 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Shaped abrasive particle and method of forming same
WO2013102176A1 (en) 2011-12-30 2013-07-04 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Forming shaped abrasive particles
JP5238725B2 (en) 2007-03-20 2013-07-17 スリーエム イノベイティブ プロパティズ カンパニー A manufacturing method thereof with the abrasive article
JP5238726B2 (en) 2007-03-20 2013-07-17 スリーエム イノベイティブ プロパティズ カンパニー Abrasive article, and methods of making and using the same
WO2013106602A1 (en) 2012-01-10 2013-07-18 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
WO2013106597A1 (en) 2012-01-10 2013-07-18 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive particles having complex shapes and methods of forming same
EP2631286A1 (en) 2012-02-23 2013-08-28 The Procter and Gamble Company Liquid cleaning composition
JP5285833B2 (en) 2004-04-13 2013-09-11 エフ・イ−・アイ・カンパニー System in order to repair a fine structure
WO2013151745A1 (en) 2012-04-04 2013-10-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive particles, method of making abrasive particles, and abrasive articles
US20130267150A1 (en) 2008-06-13 2013-10-10 Washington Mills Management, Inc. Method for abrading a product using very low packing density ceramic abrasive grits
US20130283705A1 (en) 2010-10-06 2013-10-31 VSM • Vereinigte Schmirgel- und Maschinen-Fabriken Method for producing zirconia-reinforced alumina grains, in particular abrasive grains, and grains produced by such method
US20130305614A1 (en) 2012-03-30 2013-11-21 Anthony C. Gaeta Abrasive products having fibrillated fibers
WO2013177446A1 (en) 2012-05-23 2013-11-28 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Shaped abrasive particles and methods of forming same
US20130337725A1 (en) 2012-06-13 2013-12-19 3M Innovative Property Company Abrasive particles, abrasive articles, and methods of making and using the same
WO2014005120A1 (en) 2012-06-29 2014-01-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
US8628597B2 (en) 2009-06-25 2014-01-14 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of sorting abrasive particles, abrasive particle distributions, and abrasive articles including the same
EP2692820A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with base surface, ridge and opening
EP2692819A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch GmbH Abrasive grit with base surface and ridges
EP2692816A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with flat bodies penetrating each other
EP2692815A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with concave section
EP2692814A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit comprising first surface without corner and second surface with corner
EP2692817A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with panels arranged under an angle
EP2692821A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with base body and top body
EP2692818A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with main surfaces and secondary surfaces
EP2692813A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with ridges of varying heights
WO2014022465A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-06 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive articles with precisely shaped features and method of making thereof
WO2014020075A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-06 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grain containing a first face without vertices and a second face with vertices
WO2014020068A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-06 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive particle with at most three surfaces and one corner
WO2014022462A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-06 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive elements with precisely shaped features, abrasive articles fabricated therefrom and methods of making thereof
WO2014022453A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-06 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive element precursor with precisely shaped features and method of making thereof
EP2719752A1 (en) 2012-10-15 2014-04-16 The Procter and Gamble Company Liquid detergent composition with abrasive particles
DE102012023688A1 (en) 2012-10-14 2014-04-17 Dronco Ag Abrasive grain with geometrically defined shape useful e.g. for producing abrasive wheel comprises three potentially acting cutting edges, and edge defining surface of abrasive grain and additional cutting edge formed in grain surface
US20140106126A1 (en) 2012-10-15 2014-04-17 Anthony C. Gaeta Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
WO2014057273A1 (en) 2012-10-10 2014-04-17 Imerys Minerals Limited Method for grinding a particulate phyllosilicate material
EP2720676A1 (en) 2011-06-20 2014-04-23 The Procter and Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition
WO2014070468A1 (en) 2012-10-31 2014-05-08 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles, methods of making, and abrasive articles including the same
DE202014101741U1 (en) 2014-04-11 2014-05-09 Robert Bosch Gmbh Partly coated abrasive grain
DE202014101739U1 (en) 2014-04-11 2014-05-09 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grain with a knot and extensions
EP2012972B1 (en) 2006-04-27 2014-06-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured abrasive article and method of making and using the same
WO2014106173A1 (en) 2012-12-31 2014-07-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Particulate materials and methods of forming same
WO2014106211A1 (en) 2012-12-31 2014-07-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive blasting media and methods of forming and using same
CN102123837B (en) 2008-06-20 2014-07-09 3M创新有限公司 Polymeric molds and articles made therefrom
US8783589B2 (en) 2008-10-09 2014-07-22 Imerys Grinding method
DE102013202204A1 (en) 2013-02-11 2014-08-14 Robert Bosch Gmbh Grinding element for use in grinding disk for sharpening workpiece, has base body whose one base surface is arranged parallel to another base surface, where former base surface comprises partially concave curved side edge
WO2014124554A1 (en) 2013-02-13 2014-08-21 Shengguo Wang Abrasive grain with controlled aspect ratio
WO2014137972A1 (en) 2013-03-04 2014-09-12 3M Innovative Properties Company Nonwoven abrasive article containing formed abrasive particles
WO2014140689A1 (en) 2013-03-12 2014-09-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Bonded abrasive article
WO2014161001A1 (en) 2013-03-29 2014-10-02 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
US8852643B2 (en) 2011-06-20 2014-10-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition
WO2014165390A1 (en) 2013-04-05 2014-10-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Sintered abrasive particles, method of making the same, and abrasive articles including the same
WO2014176108A1 (en) 2013-04-24 2014-10-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive belt
US20140352722A1 (en) 2013-05-29 2014-12-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition
US20140357544A1 (en) 2013-05-29 2014-12-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition
US20140352721A1 (en) 2013-05-29 2014-12-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition
DE102013210716A1 (en) 2013-06-10 2014-12-11 Robert Bosch Gmbh A method for producing abrasive articles for a grinding tool
DE102013210158A1 (en) 2013-05-31 2014-12-18 Robert Bosch Gmbh Roll form wire brush
US20140378036A1 (en) 2013-06-25 2014-12-25 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive article and method of making same
DE102013212687A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh grinding element
WO2014209567A1 (en) 2013-06-24 2014-12-31 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive particles, method of making abrasive particles, and abrasive articles
WO2014210532A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive article including shaped abrasive particles
DE102013212666A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh A method for making an abrasive
DE102013212598A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh Holding device for an abrasive
DE102013212700A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh A process for producing a grinding unit
WO2014210568A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive article including shaped abrasive particles
DE102013212639A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh grinding tool
DE102013212654A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh grinding element
DE102013212677A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh A process for producing an abrasive grain
WO2014206890A1 (en) 2013-06-27 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method for producing a steel shaped body
DE102014210836A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh grinding unit
DE102013212653A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh grinding element
DE102013212644A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh A method for making an abrasive
DE102013212661A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh abrasive grain
WO2014206967A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive means
WO2014210442A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive article including shaped abrasive particles
DE102013212680A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive transport device
DE102013212622A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh A method to an application of grinding elements to at least a base body
DE102013212690A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh abrasive grain
DE102013212634A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh abrasive
US20150007399A1 (en) 2013-07-02 2015-01-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition
US20150007400A1 (en) 2013-07-02 2015-01-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition
US20150089881A1 (en) 2013-09-30 2015-04-02 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Shaped abrasive particles and methods of forming same
WO2015050781A1 (en) 2013-10-04 2015-04-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Bonded abrasive articles and methods
US20150126098A1 (en) 2012-07-06 2015-05-07 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive article
WO2015073346A1 (en) 2013-11-15 2015-05-21 3M Innovative Properties Company An electrically conductive article containing shaped particles and methods of making same
WO2015088953A1 (en) 2013-12-09 2015-06-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Conglomerate abrasive particles, abrasive articles including the same, and methods of making the same
WO2015089527A1 (en) 2013-12-18 2015-06-25 Tyrolit-Schleifmittelwerke Swarovski K.G. Method for producing abrasives
WO2015089529A1 (en) 2013-12-18 2015-06-25 Tyrolit - Schleifmittelwerke Swarovski K.G. Method for the production of abrasive articles
WO2015089528A1 (en) 2013-12-18 2015-06-25 Tyrolit - Schleifmittelwerke Swarovski K.G. Method for the production of abrasive
WO2015100020A1 (en) 2013-12-23 2015-07-02 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making a coated abrasive article
WO2015100220A1 (en) 2013-12-23 2015-07-02 3M Innovative Properties Company A coated abrasive article maker apparatus
US20150183089A1 (en) 2013-12-31 2015-07-02 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive article including shaped abrasive particles
WO2015100018A1 (en) 2013-12-23 2015-07-02 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive particle positioning systems and production tools therefor
WO2015112379A1 (en) 2014-01-22 2015-07-30 United Technologies Corporation Apparatuses, systems and methods for aligned abrasive grains
US20150218430A1 (en) 2014-01-31 2015-08-06 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Shaped abrasive particle including dopant material and method of forming same
WO2015130487A1 (en) 2014-02-27 2015-09-03 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive particles, abrasive articles, and methods of making and using the same
US20150291865A1 (en) 2014-04-14 2015-10-15 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive article including shaped abrasive particles
US20150291867A1 (en) 2014-04-14 2015-10-15 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive article including shaped abrasive particles
US20150291866A1 (en) 2014-04-14 2015-10-15 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive article including shaped abrasive particles
WO2015158009A1 (en) 2014-04-19 2015-10-22 Shengguo Wang Alumina zirconia abrasive grain especially designed for light duty grinding applications
WO2015164211A1 (en) 2014-04-21 2015-10-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive particles and abrasive articles including the same
WO2015167910A1 (en) 2014-05-01 2015-11-05 3M Innovative Properties Company Flexible abrasive article and method of using the same
WO2015165122A1 (en) 2014-05-02 2015-11-05 Shengguo Wang Drying, sizing and shaping process to manufacture ceramic abrasive grain
WO2015179335A1 (en) 2014-05-20 2015-11-26 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive material with different sets of plurality of abrasive elements
WO2015180005A1 (en) 2014-05-25 2015-12-03 Shengguo Wang Method and apparatus for producing alumina monohydrate and sol gel abrasive grain
US20150343603A1 (en) 2014-05-30 2015-12-03 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Method of using an abrasive article including shaped abrasive particles
WO2016028683A1 (en) 2014-08-21 2016-02-25 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive article with multiplexed structures of abrasive particles and method of making
WO2016044158A1 (en) 2014-09-15 2016-03-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Methods of making abrasive articles and bonded abrasive wheel preparable thereby
WO2016064726A1 (en) 2014-10-21 2016-04-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive preforms, method of making an abrasive article, and bonded abrasive article
WO2016089675A1 (en) 2014-12-04 2016-06-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive belt with angled shaped abrasive particles
US20160177154A1 (en) 2014-12-23 2016-06-23 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Shaped abrasive particles and method of forming same
US20160177153A1 (en) 2014-12-23 2016-06-23 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Composite shaped abrasive particles and method of forming same
US20160177152A1 (en) 2014-12-23 2016-06-23 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Shaped abrasive particle and method of forming same
US20160186028A1 (en) 2014-12-24 2016-06-30 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Shaped abrasive particle fractions and method of forming same
US20160214903A1 (en) 2013-09-13 2016-07-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Metal oxide particles
WO2016160357A1 (en) 2015-03-30 2016-10-06 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive article and method of making the same
WO2016161157A1 (en) 2015-03-31 2016-10-06 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Fixed abrasive articles and methods of forming same
WO2016161170A1 (en) 2015-03-31 2016-10-06 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Fixed abrasive articles and methods of forming same
US20160298013A1 (en) 2013-12-19 2016-10-13 Klingspor Ag Abrasive particle and abrasive exhibiting high grinding performance
US20160304760A1 (en) 2013-12-19 2016-10-20 Klingspor Ag Method for producing multilayer abrasive particles
WO2016167967A1 (en) 2015-04-14 2016-10-20 3M Innovative Properties Company Nonwoven abrasive article and method of making the same

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1105698C (en) * 1993-11-12 2003-04-16 美国3M公司 Abrasive grain and method for making same
US20060242910A1 (en) * 2005-04-08 2006-11-02 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive article having reaction activated chromophore

Patent Citations (724)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA743715A (en) 1966-10-04 The Carborundum Company Manufacture of sintered abrasive grain of geometrical shape and controlled grit size
US345604A (en) 1886-07-13 Process of making porous alum
US6179887B2 (en)
US3123948A (en) 1964-03-10 Reinforced
US1910444A (en) 1931-02-13 1933-05-23 Carborundum Co Process of making abrasive materials
US2248064A (en) 1933-06-01 1941-07-08 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Coating, particularly for manufacture of abrasives
US2049874A (en) 1933-08-21 1936-08-04 Miami Abrasive Products Inc Slotted abrasive wheel
US2148400A (en) 1938-01-13 1939-02-21 Norton Co Grinding wheel
US2248990A (en) 1938-08-17 1941-07-15 Heany John Allen Process of making porous abrasive bodies
US2290877A (en) 1938-09-24 1942-07-28 Heany Ind Ceramic Corp Porous abrading material and process of making the same
US2318360A (en) 1941-05-05 1943-05-04 Carborundum Co Abrasive
US2376343A (en) 1942-07-28 1945-05-22 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Manufacture of abrasives
US2563650A (en) 1949-04-26 1951-08-07 Porocel Corp Method of hardening bauxite with colloidal silica
US2880080A (en) 1955-11-07 1959-03-31 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Reinforced abrasive articles and intermediate products
US3067551A (en) 1958-09-22 1962-12-11 Bethlehem Steel Corp Grinding method
US3041156A (en) 1959-07-22 1962-06-26 Norton Co Phenolic resin bonded grinding wheels
US3079243A (en) 1959-10-19 1963-02-26 Norton Co Abrasive grain
US3079242A (en) 1959-12-31 1963-02-26 Nat Tank Co Flame arrestor
US3377660A (en) 1961-04-20 1968-04-16 Norton Co Apparatus for making crystal abrasive
GB986847A (en) 1962-02-07 1965-03-24 Charles Beck Rosenberg Brunswi Improvements in or relating to abrasives
US3141271A (en) 1962-10-12 1964-07-21 Herbert C Fischer Grinding wheels with reinforcing elements
US3276852A (en) 1962-11-20 1966-10-04 Jerome H Lemelson Filament-reinforced composite abrasive articles
US3379543A (en) 1964-03-27 1968-04-23 Corning Glass Works Composition and method for making ceramic articles
US3481723A (en) 1965-03-02 1969-12-02 Itt Abrasive grinding wheel
US3477180A (en) 1965-06-14 1969-11-11 Norton Co Reinforced grinding wheels and reinforcement network therefor
US3454385A (en) 1965-08-04 1969-07-08 Norton Co Sintered alpha-alumina and zirconia abrasive product and process
US3387957A (en) 1966-04-04 1968-06-11 Carborundum Co Microcrystalline sintered bauxite abrasive grain
US3536005A (en) 1967-10-12 1970-10-27 American Screen Process Equip Vacuum screen printing method
US3480395A (en) 1967-12-05 1969-11-25 Carborundum Co Method of preparing extruded grains of silicon carbide
US3491492A (en) 1968-01-15 1970-01-27 Us Industries Inc Method of making alumina abrasive grains
US3615308A (en) 1968-02-09 1971-10-26 Norton Co Crystalline abrasive alumina
US3590799A (en) 1968-09-03 1971-07-06 Gerszon Gluchowicz Method of dressing the grinding wheel in a grinding machine
US3495359A (en) 1968-10-10 1970-02-17 Norton Co Core drill
US3619151A (en) 1968-10-16 1971-11-09 Landis Tool Co Phosphate bonded grinding wheel
US3608134A (en) 1969-02-10 1971-09-28 Norton Co Molding apparatus for orienting elongated particles
US3637360A (en) 1969-08-26 1972-01-25 Us Industries Inc Process for making cubical sintered aluminous abrasive grains
US3608050A (en) 1969-09-12 1971-09-21 Union Carbide Corp Production of single crystal sapphire by carefully controlled cooling from a melt of alumina
US3874856A (en) 1970-02-09 1975-04-01 Ducommun Inc Porous composite of abrasive particles in a pyrolytic carbon matrix and the method of making it
US3670467A (en) 1970-04-27 1972-06-20 Robert H Walker Method and apparatus for manufacturing tumbling media
US3672934A (en) 1970-05-01 1972-06-27 Du Pont Method of improving line resolution in screen printing
US3909991A (en) 1970-09-22 1975-10-07 Norton Co Process for making sintered abrasive grains
US3986885A (en) 1971-07-06 1976-10-19 Battelle Development Corporation Flexural strength in fiber-containing concrete
US3819785A (en) 1972-02-02 1974-06-25 Western Electric Co Fine-grain alumina bodies
US4261706A (en) 1972-05-15 1981-04-14 Corning Glass Works Method of manufacturing connected particles of uniform size and shape with a backing
US3859407A (en) 1972-05-15 1975-01-07 Corning Glass Works Method of manufacturing particles of uniform size and shape
NL171464B (en) 1973-08-10 1982-11-01 De Beers Ind Diamond A process for the manufacture of an abrasive compact mass.
US4055451A (en) 1973-08-31 1977-10-25 Alan Gray Cockbain Composite materials
US3950148A (en) 1973-10-09 1976-04-13 Heijiro Fukuda Laminated three-layer resinoid wheels having core layer of reinforcing material and method for producing same
US4004934A (en) 1973-10-24 1977-01-25 General Electric Company Sintered dense silicon carbide
US3940276A (en) 1973-11-01 1976-02-24 Corning Glass Works Spinel and aluminum-base metal cermet
US3960577A (en) 1974-01-08 1976-06-01 General Electric Company Dense polycrystalline silicon carbide
US3977132A (en) 1974-03-18 1976-08-31 The Japan Carlit Company, Ltd. Process for manufacturing high strength Al2 O3 -ZRO3 alloy grains
US4045919A (en) 1974-05-10 1977-09-06 Seiko Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha High speed grinding spindle
US3991527A (en) 1975-07-10 1976-11-16 Bates Abrasive Products, Inc. Coated abrasive disc
US4150078A (en) 1975-10-20 1979-04-17 Lava Crucible Refractories Company Process for making refractory shapes
US4194887A (en) 1975-12-01 1980-03-25 U.S. Industries, Inc. Fused alumina-zirconia abrasive material formed by an immersion process
US4073096A (en) 1975-12-01 1978-02-14 U.S. Industries, Inc. Process for the manufacture of abrasive material
US4037367A (en) 1975-12-22 1977-07-26 Kruse James A Grinding tool
FR2354373A1 (en) 1976-06-11 1978-01-06 Swarovski Tyrolit Schleif Abrasive corundum grains for grinding tools - are prepd. by moulding, pref. between pair of pressure rolls contg. mating mould cavities
JPS5364890A (en) 1976-11-19 1978-06-09 Toshiba Corp Method of producing silicon nitride grinding wheel
US4114322A (en) 1977-08-02 1978-09-19 Harold Jack Greenspan Abrasive member
US4711750A (en) 1977-12-19 1987-12-08 Norton Company Abrasive casting process
US4252544A (en) 1978-08-03 1981-02-24 Showa Denko Kabushiki Kaisha Alumina abrasive grains and method for manufacturing the same
US4304576A (en) 1978-11-04 1981-12-08 Ngk Spark Plug Co., Ltd. Silicon nitride ceramic tools and a process for their production
US4314827A (en) 1979-06-29 1982-02-09 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Non-fused aluminum oxide-based abrasive mineral
US4341663A (en) 1979-09-06 1982-07-27 Kali-Chemie Aktiengesellschaft Process for the production of spherical shaped bodies based on Al2 O3 and optionally SiO2
US4286905A (en) 1980-04-30 1981-09-01 Ford Motor Company Method of machining steel, malleable or nodular cast iron
JPS622946Y2 (en) 1980-11-13 1987-01-23
US4541842A (en) 1980-12-29 1985-09-17 Norton Company Glass bonded abrasive agglomerates
US4393021A (en) 1981-06-09 1983-07-12 Vereinigte Schmirgel Und Maschinen-Fabriken Ag Method for the manufacture of granular grit for use as abrasives
EP0078896A2 (en) 1981-11-10 1983-05-18 Norton Company Abrasive bodies such as grinding wheels
JPS6336905Y2 (en) 1981-11-10 1988-09-29
US4728043A (en) 1982-02-25 1988-03-01 Norton Company Mechanical sorting system for crude silicon carbide
US4618349A (en) 1982-05-10 1986-10-21 Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Grinding wheel manufacturing method
US4548617A (en) 1982-08-20 1985-10-22 Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Abrasive and method for manufacturing the same
US4469758A (en) 1983-04-04 1984-09-04 Norton Co. Magnetic recording materials
JPS606356U (en) 1983-06-24 1985-01-17
US4505720A (en) 1983-06-29 1985-03-19 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Granular silicon carbide abrasive grain coated with refractory material, method of making the same and articles made therewith
US4452911A (en) 1983-08-10 1984-06-05 Hri, Inc. Frangible catalyst pretreatment method for use in hydrocarbon hydrodemetallization process
US4457767A (en) 1983-09-29 1984-07-03 Norton Company Alumina-zirconia abrasive
US5395407A (en) 1984-01-19 1995-03-07 Norton Company Abrasive material and method
US5395407B1 (en) 1984-01-19 1997-08-26 Norton Co Abrasive material and method
US5383945A (en) 1984-01-19 1995-01-24 Norton Company Abrasive material and method
EP0152768A3 (en) 1984-01-19 1987-09-16 Norton Company Abrasive grits or ceramic bodies and preparation thereof
US5514631A (en) 1984-01-19 1996-05-07 Norton Company Alumina sol-gel fiber
US4623364A (en) 1984-03-23 1986-11-18 Norton Company Abrasive material and method for preparing the same
US5227104A (en) 1984-06-14 1993-07-13 Norton Company High solids content gels and a process for producing them
US4570048A (en) 1984-06-29 1986-02-11 Plasma Materials, Inc. Plasma jet torch having gas vortex in its nozzle for arc constriction
US4656330A (en) 1984-06-29 1987-04-07 Plasma Materials Plasma jet torch having converging anode and gas vortex in its nozzle for arc constriction
US4963012A (en) 1984-07-20 1990-10-16 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Passivation coating for flexible substrate mirrors
US4961757A (en) 1985-03-14 1990-10-09 Advanced Composite Materials Corporation Reinforced ceramic cutting tools
US4744802A (en) 1985-04-30 1988-05-17 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Process for durable sol-gel produced alumina-based ceramics, abrasive grain and abrasive products
US4659341A (en) 1985-05-23 1987-04-21 Gte Products Corporation Silicon nitride abrasive frit
US4678560A (en) 1985-08-15 1987-07-07 Norton Company Screening device and process
US4657754A (en) 1985-11-21 1987-04-14 Norton Company Aluminum oxide powders and process
US4770671A (en) 1985-12-30 1988-09-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive grits formed of ceramic containing oxides of aluminum and yttrium, method of making and using the same and products made therewith
US4786292A (en) 1986-06-03 1988-11-22 Treibacher Chemische Werke Aktiengesellschaft Microcrystalline abrasive material and method of manufacture
US4918116A (en) 1986-06-13 1990-04-17 Rutgerswerke Ag High temperature resistant molding materials
US4925815A (en) 1986-09-03 1990-05-15 Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho Silicon carbide composite ceramic
US5053367A (en) 1986-09-16 1991-10-01 Lanxide Technology Company, Lp Composite ceramic structures
US4832706A (en) 1986-09-24 1989-05-23 International Limited Abrasive media
US5180630A (en) 1986-10-14 1993-01-19 American Cyanamid Company Fibrillated fibers and articles made therefrom
US4957886A (en) * 1986-11-20 1990-09-18 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Aluminum oxide/aluminum oxynitride/group IVB metal nitride abrasive particles derived from a sol-gel process
US5024795A (en) 1986-12-22 1991-06-18 Lanxide Technology Company, Lp Method of making shaped ceramic composites
US4876226A (en) 1987-01-12 1989-10-24 Fuentes Ricardo I Silicon carbide sintering
US4829027A (en) 1987-01-12 1989-05-09 Ceramatec, Inc. Liquid phase sintering of silicon carbide
US4863573A (en) 1987-01-24 1989-09-05 Interface Developments Limited Abrasive article
US4799939A (en) 1987-02-26 1989-01-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Erodable agglomerates and abrasive products containing the same
US5244849A (en) 1987-05-06 1993-09-14 Coors Porcelain Company Method for producing transparent polycrystalline body with high ultraviolet transmittance
US4960441A (en) 1987-05-11 1990-10-02 Norton Company Sintered alumina-zirconia ceramic bodies
US5312789A (en) 1987-05-27 1994-05-17 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive grits formed of ceramic, impregnation method of making the same and products made therewith
EP0293163A2 (en) 1987-05-27 1988-11-30 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive grits formed of ceramic, impregnation method of making the same and products made therewith
US4881951A (en) 1987-05-27 1989-11-21 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co. Abrasive grits formed of ceramic containing oxides of aluminum and rare earth metal, method of making and products made therewith
US5185299A (en) 1987-06-05 1993-02-09 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Microcrystalline alumina-based ceramic articles
US4954462A (en) 1987-06-05 1990-09-04 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Microcrystalline alumina-based ceramic articles
US4858527A (en) 1987-07-22 1989-08-22 Masanao Ozeki Screen printer with screen length and snap-off angle control
US4797139A (en) 1987-08-11 1989-01-10 Norton Company Boehmite produced by a seeded hydyothermal process and ceramic bodies produced therefrom
US5376598A (en) 1987-10-08 1994-12-27 The Boeing Company Fiber reinforced ceramic matrix laminate
US4848041A (en) 1987-11-23 1989-07-18 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive grains in the shape of platelets
US4797269A (en) 1988-02-08 1989-01-10 Norton Company Production of beta alumina by seeding and beta alumina produced thereby
US4930266A (en) 1988-02-26 1990-06-05 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive sheeting having individually positioned abrasive granules
US5076991A (en) 1988-04-29 1991-12-31 Norton Company Method and apparatus for rapid solidification
US4917852A (en) 1988-04-29 1990-04-17 Norton Company Method and apparatus for rapid solidification
US4942011A (en) 1988-05-03 1990-07-17 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Process for preparing silicon carbide fibers
JP3079277B2 (en) 1988-06-14 2000-08-21 テクトロニックス・インコーポレイテッド Task execution order determination method
US5009675A (en) 1988-06-17 1991-04-23 Lonza Ltd Coated silicon carbide abrasive grain
US5011510A (en) 1988-10-05 1991-04-30 Mitsui Mining & Smelting Co., Ltd. Composite abrasive-articles and manufacturing method therefor
US5011508A (en) 1988-10-14 1991-04-30 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Shelling-resistant abrasive grain, a method of making the same, and abrasive products
US5053369A (en) 1988-11-02 1991-10-01 Treibacher Chemische Werke Aktiengesellschaft Sintered microcrystalline ceramic material
US4964883A (en) 1988-12-12 1990-10-23 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Ceramic alumina abrasive grains seeded with iron oxide
US5190568B1 (en) 1989-01-30 1996-03-12 Ultimate Abrasive Syst Inc Abrasive tool with contoured surface
US5190568A (en) 1989-01-30 1993-03-02 Tselesin Naum N Abrasive tool with contoured surface
US5108963A (en) 1989-02-01 1992-04-28 Industrial Technology Research Institute Silicon carbide whisker reinforced alumina ceramic composites
US5032304A (en) 1989-02-02 1991-07-16 Sumitomo Special Metal Co. Ltd. Method of manufacturing transparent high density ceramic material
US5123935A (en) 1989-02-22 1992-06-23 Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho Al2 o3 composites, process for producing them and throw-away tip made of al2 o3 composites
US5224970A (en) 1989-03-01 1993-07-06 Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd. Abrasive material
US5042991A (en) 1989-03-13 1991-08-27 Lonza Ltd. Hydrophobically coated abrasive grain
US5049645A (en) 1989-03-14 1991-09-17 Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Inc. Preparation method of amino resin particulate having narrow particle size distribution
US5094986A (en) 1989-04-11 1992-03-10 Hercules Incorporated Wear resistant ceramic with a high alpha-content silicon nitride phase
US5103598A (en) 1989-04-28 1992-04-14 Norton Company Coated abrasive material containing abrasive filaments
US5185012A (en) 1989-04-28 1993-02-09 Norton Company Coated abrasive material containing abrasive filaments
US4970057A (en) 1989-04-28 1990-11-13 Norton Company Silicon nitride vacuum furnace process
US5009676A (en) 1989-04-28 1991-04-23 Norton Company Sintered sol gel alumina abrasive filaments
US5035723A (en) 1989-04-28 1991-07-30 Norton Company Bonded abrasive products containing sintered sol gel alumina abrasive filaments
US5244477A (en) 1989-04-28 1993-09-14 Norton Company Sintered sol gel alumina abrasive filaments
US5194072A (en) 1989-04-28 1993-03-16 Norton Company Sintered sol gel alumina abrasive filaments
US5014468A (en) 1989-05-05 1991-05-14 Norton Company Patterned coated abrasive for fine surface finishing
US5431967A (en) 1989-09-05 1995-07-11 Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System Selective laser sintering using nanocomposite materials
US4997461A (en) 1989-09-11 1991-03-05 Norton Company Nitrified bonded sol gel sintered aluminous abrasive bodies
US5173457A (en) 1989-11-22 1992-12-22 Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company Paste compositions
US5098740A (en) 1989-12-13 1992-03-24 Norton Company Uniformly-coated ceramic particles
JPH03194269A (en) 1989-12-20 1991-08-23 Seiko Electronic Components Ltd All-metal diaphragm valve
US5081082A (en) 1990-01-17 1992-01-14 Korean Institute Of Machinery And Metals Production of alumina ceramics reinforced with β'"-alumina
US5049166A (en) 1990-02-27 1991-09-17 Washington Mills Ceramics Corporation Light weight abrasive tumbling media and method of making same
US5482756A (en) 1990-03-29 1996-01-09 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Nonwoven surface finishing articles reinforcing with a polymer backing
JPH03287687A (en) 1990-04-04 1991-12-18 Noritake Co Ltd Sintered silicon nitride abrasive and its manufacture
JP2779252B2 (en) 1990-04-04 1998-07-23 株式会社ノリタケカンパニーリミテド Silicon nitride sintered abrasive and their preparation
US5085671A (en) 1990-05-02 1992-02-04 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of coating alumina particles with refractory material, abrasive particles made by the method and abrasive products containing the same
US5129919A (en) 1990-05-02 1992-07-14 Norton Company Bonded abrasive products containing sintered sol gel alumina abrasive filaments
US5035724A (en) 1990-05-09 1991-07-30 Norton Company Sol-gel alumina shaped bodies
US5288297A (en) 1990-05-25 1994-02-22 The Australian National University Abrasive compact of cubic boron nitride and method of making same
US7022179B1 (en) 1990-06-19 2006-04-04 Dry Carolyn M Self-repairing, reinforced matrix materials
US5164744A (en) 1990-06-29 1992-11-17 Hitachi Ltd. Thermal transfer printing apparatus
US5219806A (en) 1990-07-16 1993-06-15 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Alpha phase seeding of transition alumina using chromium oxide-based nucleating agents
US5139978A (en) 1990-07-16 1992-08-18 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Impregnation method for transformation of transition alumina to a alpha alumina
US5078753A (en) 1990-10-09 1992-01-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive containing erodable agglomerates
EP0480133A2 (en) 1990-10-09 1992-04-15 Norton Company Dry grinding wheel and its application
US5114438A (en) 1990-10-29 1992-05-19 Ppg Industries, Inc. Abrasive article
US5132984A (en) 1990-11-01 1992-07-21 Norton Company Segmented electric furnace
US5090968A (en) 1991-01-08 1992-02-25 Norton Company Process for the manufacture of filamentary abrasive particles
US5751313A (en) 1991-02-04 1998-05-12 Seiko Epson Corporation Hydrophilic ink passage
US5152917B1 (en) 1991-02-06 1998-01-13 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Structured abrasive article
US5152917A (en) 1991-02-06 1992-10-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Structured abrasive article
EP0500369B1 (en) 1991-02-22 1996-01-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive product having a binder comprising an aminoplast binder
US5120327A (en) 1991-03-05 1992-06-09 Diamant-Boart Stratabit (Usa) Inc. Cutting composite formed of cemented carbide substrate and diamond layer
US5131926A (en) 1991-03-15 1992-07-21 Norton Company Vitrified bonded finely milled sol gel aluminous bodies
US5178849A (en) 1991-03-22 1993-01-12 Norton Company Process for manufacturing alpha alumina from dispersible boehmite
US5160509A (en) 1991-05-22 1992-11-03 Norton Company Self-bonded ceramic abrasive wheels
US5221294A (en) 1991-05-22 1993-06-22 Norton Company Process of producing self-bonded ceramic abrasive wheels
US5641469A (en) 1991-05-28 1997-06-24 Norton Company Production of alpha alumina
US5203886A (en) 1991-08-12 1993-04-20 Norton Company High porosity vitrified bonded grinding wheels
US5273558A (en) 1991-08-30 1993-12-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive composition and articles incorporating same
US5609706A (en) 1991-12-20 1997-03-11 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of preparation of a coated abrasive belt with an endless, seamless backing
US5849646A (en) 1991-12-20 1998-12-15 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive backing
US5219462A (en) 1992-01-13 1993-06-15 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article having abrasive composite members positioned in recesses
US5820450A (en) 1992-01-13 1998-10-13 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Abrasive article having precise lateral spacing between abrasive composite members
US5437754A (en) 1992-01-13 1995-08-01 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article having precise lateral spacing between abrasive composite members
US6048577A (en) 1992-02-05 2000-04-11 Norton Company Nano-sized alpha alumina particles having a silica coating thereon
US6258137B1 (en) 1992-02-05 2001-07-10 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. CMP products
US5215552A (en) 1992-02-26 1993-06-01 Norton Company Sol-gel alumina abrasive grain
US5314513A (en) 1992-03-03 1994-05-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive product having a binder comprising a maleimide binder
US5282875A (en) 1992-03-18 1994-02-01 Cincinnati Milacron Inc. High density sol-gel alumina-based abrasive vitreous bonded grinding wheel
US6306007B1 (en) 1992-06-03 2001-10-23 Hitachi, Ltd. Rolling mill equipped with on-line roll grinding system and grinding wheel
US5373786A (en) 1992-06-10 1994-12-20 Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd. Metal mask plate for screen printing
US5366525A (en) 1992-06-22 1994-11-22 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Manufacture of abrasive tape
US5523074A (en) 1992-07-01 1996-06-04 Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited Process for preparaing polyhedral α-alumina particles
US5201916A (en) 1992-07-23 1993-04-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Shaped abrasive particles and method of making same
USRE35570E (en) 1992-07-23 1997-07-29 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article containing shaped abrasive particles
US5304331A (en) 1992-07-23 1994-04-19 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method and apparatus for extruding bingham plastic-type materials
US5366523A (en) 1992-07-23 1994-11-22 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article containing shaped abrasive particles
WO1994002559A1 (en) 1992-07-23 1994-02-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Shaped abrasive particles and method of making same
EP0651778B1 (en) 1992-07-23 1998-05-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Shaped abrasive particles and method of making same
US5984988A (en) 1992-07-23 1999-11-16 Minnesota Minning & Manufacturing Company Shaped abrasive particles and method of making same
JP3160084B2 (en) 1992-07-24 2001-04-23 株式会社ムラカミ Manufacturing method of screen printing metal mask
US5213591A (en) 1992-07-28 1993-05-25 Ahmet Celikkaya Abrasive grain, method of making same and abrasive products
EP0652919A1 (en) 1992-07-28 1995-05-17 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Abrasive grain, method of making same and abrasive products.
US5312791A (en) 1992-08-21 1994-05-17 Saint Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Process for the preparation of ceramic flakes, fibers, and grains from ceramic sols
EP0662110A1 (en) 1992-09-25 1995-07-12 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive grain including rare earth oxide therein
US5551963A (en) 1992-09-25 1996-09-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co. Abrasive grain containing alumina and zirconia
EP0614861B1 (en) 1992-10-01 2001-05-23 Nihon Cement Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing titania and alumina ceramic sintered bodies
CN1094079A (en) 1992-12-23 1994-10-26 美国3M公司 Abrasive grain comprising manganese oxide
US5435816A (en) 1993-01-14 1995-07-25 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of making an abrasive article
EP0609864B1 (en) 1993-02-04 1996-11-27 H.C. Starck GmbH & Co. KG Sintered silicon carbide abrasive grain and method of making it
US5277702A (en) 1993-03-08 1994-01-11 St. Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Plately alumina
US5496386A (en) * 1993-03-18 1996-03-05 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive article having diluent particles and shaped abrasive particles
US5584896A (en) 1993-03-18 1996-12-17 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive article having diluent particles and shaped abrasive particles
US5441549A (en) 1993-04-19 1995-08-15 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive articles comprising a grinding aid dispersed in a polymeric blend binder
US5924917A (en) 1993-06-17 1999-07-20 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasives and methods of preparation
US6371842B1 (en) 1993-06-17 2002-04-16 3M Innovative Properties Company Patterned abrading articles and methods of making and using same
US5500273A (en) 1993-06-30 1996-03-19 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive articles comprising precisely shaped particles
US5628952A (en) 1993-06-30 1997-05-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Precisely shaped particles and method of making the same
WO1995003370A1 (en) 1993-07-22 1995-02-02 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Silicon carbide grain
US5300130A (en) 1993-07-26 1994-04-05 Saint Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Polishing material
US5672554A (en) 1993-07-27 1997-09-30 Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited Alumina composition, alumina molded article, alumina ceramics, and process for producing ceramics
US5672097A (en) 1993-09-13 1997-09-30 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article for finishing
US6129540A (en) 1993-09-13 2000-10-10 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Production tool for an abrasive article and a method of making same
US5470806A (en) 1993-09-20 1995-11-28 Krstic; Vladimir D. Making of sintered silicon carbide bodies
US5429648A (en) 1993-09-23 1995-07-04 Norton Company Process for inducing porosity in an abrasive article
US5453106A (en) 1993-10-27 1995-09-26 Roberts; Ellis E. Oriented particles in hard surfaces
US5560745A (en) 1993-10-27 1996-10-01 Roberts; Ellis E. Oriented particles in hard surfaces
US5454844A (en) 1993-10-29 1995-10-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article, a process of making same, and a method of using same to finish a workpiece surface
US5372620A (en) 1993-12-13 1994-12-13 Saint Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Modified sol-gel alumina abrasive filaments
US6136288A (en) 1993-12-16 2000-10-24 Norton Company Firing fines
US5409645A (en) 1993-12-20 1995-04-25 Saint Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Molding shaped articles
US5376602A (en) 1993-12-23 1994-12-27 The Dow Chemical Company Low temperature, pressureless sintering of silicon nitride
US5447894A (en) 1993-12-24 1995-09-05 Agency Of Industrial Science & Technology Sintered ceramic article formed mainly of alumina
US5516348A (en) 1993-12-28 1996-05-14 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Alpha alumina-based abrasive grain
WO1995018192A1 (en) 1993-12-28 1995-07-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Alpha alumina-based abrasive grain having an as sintered outer surface
US5567150A (en) 1993-12-28 1996-10-22 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making sintered abrasive grain
US5443603A (en) 1994-01-11 1995-08-22 Washington Mills Ceramics Corporation Light weight ceramic abrasive media
US5840089A (en) 1994-01-13 1998-11-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of making an abrasive article
US5618221A (en) 1994-01-25 1997-04-08 Okuma Corporation Method of dressing grindstone for NC grinder
WO1995020469A1 (en) 1994-01-28 1995-08-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive containing erodible agglomerates
US5479873A (en) 1994-02-14 1996-01-02 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Method of manufacturing aluminum borate whiskers having a reformed surface based upon gamma alumina
US5584897A (en) 1994-02-22 1996-12-17 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making an endless coated abrasive article
US5599493A (en) 1994-04-26 1997-02-04 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Method of producing silicon nitride ceramic component
US5486496A (en) 1994-06-10 1996-01-23 Alumina Ceramics Co. (Aci) Graphite-loaded silicon carbide
US5543368A (en) 1994-06-10 1996-08-06 Alumina Ceramics Co. (Aci) Graphite-loaded silicon carbide
US5567251A (en) 1994-08-01 1996-10-22 Amorphous Alloys Corp. Amorphous metal/reinforcement composite material
US5866254A (en) 1994-08-01 1999-02-02 Amorphous Technologies International Amorphous metal/reinforcement composite material
US5656217A (en) 1994-09-13 1997-08-12 Advanced Composite Materials Corporation Pressureless sintering of whisker reinforced alumina composites
US5759481A (en) 1994-10-18 1998-06-02 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Silicon nitride having a high tensile strength
US6054093A (en) 1994-10-19 2000-04-25 Saint Gobain-Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Screen printing shaped articles
US5525100A (en) 1994-11-09 1996-06-11 Norton Company Abrasive products
US5527369A (en) 1994-11-17 1996-06-18 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Modified sol-gel alumina
US5578095A (en) 1994-11-21 1996-11-26 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive article
WO1996027189A1 (en) 1995-03-02 1996-09-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of texturing a substrate using a structured abrasive article
EP0812456B1 (en) 1995-03-02 2000-01-12 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of texturing a substrate using a structured abrasive article
US5591685A (en) 1995-03-03 1997-01-07 National Institute For Research In Inorganic Materials Superplastic silicon carbide sintered body
US5725162A (en) 1995-04-05 1998-03-10 Saint Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Firing sol-gel alumina particles
US5785722A (en) 1995-04-05 1998-07-28 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Firing sol-gel alumina particles
US5516347A (en) 1995-04-05 1996-05-14 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Modified alpha alumina particles
US5736619A (en) 1995-04-21 1998-04-07 Ameron International Corporation Phenolic resin compositions with improved impact resistance
US5567214A (en) 1995-05-03 1996-10-22 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Process for production of alumina/zirconia materials
US5582625A (en) 1995-06-01 1996-12-10 Norton Company Curl-resistant coated abrasives
US5571297A (en) 1995-06-06 1996-11-05 Norton Company Dual-cure binder system
US5669943A (en) 1995-06-07 1997-09-23 Norton Company Cutting tools having textured cutting surface
US5611829A (en) 1995-06-20 1997-03-18 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Alpha alumina-based abrasive grain containing silica and iron oxide
US5645619A (en) 1995-06-20 1997-07-08 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of making alpha alumina-based abrasive grain containing silica and iron oxide
EP0833803B1 (en) 1995-06-20 2001-08-08 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Alpha alumina-based abrasive grain containing silica and iron oxide
US5593468A (en) 1995-07-26 1997-01-14 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Sol-gel alumina abrasives
US5830248A (en) 1995-08-10 1998-11-03 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Method for making a spliceless coated abrasive belt
US6277160B1 (en) 1995-08-11 2001-08-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article and method of making such article
US5576409B1 (en) 1995-08-25 1998-09-22 Ici Plc Internal mold release compositions
US5576409A (en) 1995-08-25 1996-11-19 Imperial Chemical Industries Plc Internal mold release compositions
US5683844A (en) 1995-09-28 1997-11-04 Xerox Corporation Fibrillated carrier compositions and processes for making and using
US5975987A (en) 1995-10-05 1999-11-02 3M Innovative Properties Company Method and apparatus for knurling a workpiece, method of molding an article with such workpiece, and such molded article
WO1997014536A1 (en) 1995-10-20 1997-04-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company High performance abrasive articles containing abrasive grains and nonabrasive composite grains
US5702811A (en) 1995-10-20 1997-12-30 Ho; Kwok-Lun High performance abrasive articles containing abrasive grains and nonabrasive composite grains
EP0771769A2 (en) 1995-11-06 1997-05-07 Dow Corning Corporation Sintering alpha silicon carbide powder with multiple sintering aids
US6284690B1 (en) 1995-11-16 2001-09-04 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Si3N4 ceramic, Si-base composition for production thereof and processes for producing these
US5651925A (en) 1995-11-29 1997-07-29 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corporation Process for quenching molten ceramic material
US5578222A (en) 1995-12-20 1996-11-26 Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. Reclamation of abrasive grain
US5669941A (en) 1996-01-05 1997-09-23 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive article
US5855997A (en) 1996-02-14 1999-01-05 The Penn State Research Foundation Laminated ceramic cutting tool
US5876793A (en) 1996-02-21 1999-03-02 Ultramet Fine powders and method for manufacturing
US5921725A (en) 1996-03-13 1999-07-13 Kashiwagi; Tetsuya Sintered silicon nitride articles for tools and method of preparation
JP2957492B2 (en) 1996-03-26 1999-10-04 合資会社亀井鉄工所 Method of grinding a work surface
US6146247A (en) 1996-03-26 2000-11-14 Kamei Tekkosho Ltd. Method and apparatus for grinding the surface of a work
US6083622A (en) 1996-03-27 2000-07-04 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. Firing sol-gel alumina particles
US5667542A (en) 1996-05-08 1997-09-16 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Antiloading components for abrasive articles
US5810587A (en) 1996-05-13 1998-09-22 Danville Engineering Friable abrasive media
US5738697A (en) 1996-07-26 1998-04-14 Norton Company High permeability grinding wheels
US5738696A (en) 1996-07-26 1998-04-14 Norton Company Method for making high permeability grinding wheels
US6080215A (en) 1996-08-12 2000-06-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article and method of making such article
US20020026752A1 (en) 1996-09-11 2002-03-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article and method of making
US6475253B2 (en) 1996-09-11 2002-11-05 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article and method of making
EP0931032B1 (en) 1996-09-18 2001-07-18 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain using impregnation, and abrasive articles
US5779743A (en) 1996-09-18 1998-07-14 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain and abrasive articles
US5776214A (en) 1996-09-18 1998-07-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain and abrasive articles
US6312324B1 (en) 1996-09-30 2001-11-06 Osaka Diamond Industrial Co. Superabrasive tool and method of manufacturing the same
JPH10113875A (en) 1996-10-08 1998-05-06 Noritake Co Ltd Super abrasive grain abrasive grindstone
US5919549A (en) 1996-11-27 1999-07-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive articles and method for the manufacture of same
US5902647A (en) 1996-12-03 1999-05-11 General Electric Company Method for protecting passage holes in a metal-based substrate from becoming obstructed, and related compositions
US5863306A (en) 1997-01-07 1999-01-26 Norton Company Production of patterned abrasive surfaces
US5908478A (en) 1997-01-09 1999-06-01 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain using impregnation, and abrasive articles
US6206942B1 (en) 1997-01-09 2001-03-27 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain using impregnation, and abrasive articles
US5893935A (en) 1997-01-09 1999-04-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain using impregnation, and abrasive articles
CN1134692C (en) 1997-03-20 2004-01-14 雷伊公司 High conductivity buried layer in optical waveguide
US20070051355A1 (en) 1997-04-04 2007-03-08 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US6524681B1 (en) 1997-04-08 2003-02-25 3M Innovative Properties Company Patterned surface friction materials, clutch plate members and methods of making and using same
US6537140B1 (en) 1997-05-14 2003-03-25 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Patterned abrasive tools
JPH10315142A (en) 1997-05-19 1998-12-02 Japan Vilene Co Ltd Polishing sheet
JPH10330734A (en) 1997-06-03 1998-12-15 Noritake Co Ltd Silicon carbide composited silicon nitride abrasive and its preparation
US5885311A (en) 1997-06-05 1999-03-23 Norton Company Abrasive products
US5908477A (en) 1997-06-24 1999-06-01 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Abrasive articles including an antiloading composition
US6024824A (en) 1997-07-17 2000-02-15 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making articles in sheet form, particularly abrasive articles
WO1999006500A1 (en) 1997-08-01 1999-02-11 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive articles comprising a blend of abrasive particles
US5946991A (en) 1997-09-03 1999-09-07 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for knurling a workpiece
US6001759A (en) * 1997-09-09 1999-12-14 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Silicon nitride sintered body, method of preparing the same and nitrided compact
EP1015181B1 (en) 1997-09-16 2004-03-10 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive slurries and abrasive articles comprising multiple abrasive particle grades
US6027326A (en) 1997-10-28 2000-02-22 Sandia Corporation Freeforming objects with low-binder slurry
US6401795B1 (en) 1997-10-28 2002-06-11 Sandia Corporation Method for freeforming objects with low-binder slurry
EP1800801B1 (en) 1997-11-03 2012-03-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive article containing a grinding aid and method of making the same
US6696258B1 (en) 1998-01-20 2004-02-24 Drexel University Mesoporous materials and methods of making the same
WO1999038817A1 (en) 1998-01-28 1999-08-05 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method for making abrasive grain using impregnation and abrasive articles
US5989301A (en) 1998-02-18 1999-11-23 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. Optical polishing formulation
US5997597A (en) 1998-02-24 1999-12-07 Norton Company Abrasive tool with knurled surface
US6264710B1 (en) 1998-04-22 2001-07-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Layered alumina-based abrasive grit abrasive products, and methods
WO1999054424A1 (en) 1998-04-22 1999-10-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Layered alumina-based abrasive grit, abrasive products, and methods
US6228134B1 (en) 1998-04-22 2001-05-08 3M Innovative Properties Company Extruded alumina-based abrasive grit, abrasive products, and methods
US6080216A (en) 1998-04-22 2000-06-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Layered alumina-based abrasive grit, abrasive products, and methods
US6019805A (en) 1998-05-01 2000-02-01 Norton Company Abrasive filaments in coated abrasives
US6016660A (en) 1998-05-14 2000-01-25 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. Cryo-sedimentation process
US6053956A (en) 1998-05-19 2000-04-25 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for making abrasive grain using impregnation and abrasive articles
US6261682B1 (en) 1998-06-30 2001-07-17 3M Innovative Properties Abrasive articles including an antiloading composition
JP2000091280A (en) 1998-09-16 2000-03-31 Toshiba Corp Semiconductor polishing apparatus and polishing of semiconductor substrate
US6283997B1 (en) 1998-11-13 2001-09-04 The Trustees Of Princeton University Controlled architecture ceramic composites by stereolithography
US6179887B1 (en) 1999-02-17 2001-01-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for making an abrasive article and abrasive articles thereof
JP2000336344A (en) 1999-03-23 2000-12-05 Seimi Chem Co Ltd Abrasive
US6331343B1 (en) 1999-05-07 2001-12-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Films having a fibrillated surface and method of making
US7858189B2 (en) 1999-06-04 2010-12-28 Saertex Wagener Gmbh & Co. Kg Fiber-reinforced composites and method for the production thereof
US6238450B1 (en) 1999-06-16 2001-05-29 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. Ceria powder
US6391812B1 (en) 1999-06-23 2002-05-21 Ngk Insulators, Ltd. Silicon nitride sintered body and method of producing the same
US6582623B1 (en) 1999-07-07 2003-06-24 Cabot Microelectronics Corporation CMP composition containing silane modified abrasive particles
US6319108B1 (en) 1999-07-09 2001-11-20 3M Innovative Properties Company Metal bond abrasive article comprising porous ceramic abrasive composites and method of using same to abrade a workpiece
US6531423B1 (en) 1999-07-15 2003-03-11 Wacker-Chemie Gmbh Liquid-phase-sintered SiC shaped bodies with improved fracture toughness and a high electric resistance
US6749496B2 (en) 1999-07-29 2004-06-15 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Reinforced abrasive wheels
US6942561B2 (en) 1999-07-29 2005-09-13 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Reinforced abrasive wheels
US6110241A (en) 1999-08-06 2000-08-29 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. Abrasive grain with improved projectability
WO2001014494A1 (en) 1999-08-20 2001-03-01 Pem Abrasifs-Refractaires Abrasive grains for grindstones, with improved anchoring capacity
US6258141B1 (en) 1999-08-20 2001-07-10 Saint-Gobain Industrial Ceramics, Inc. Sol-gel alumina abrasive grain
US6277161B1 (en) 1999-09-28 2001-08-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive grain, abrasive articles, and methods of making and using the same
US6287353B1 (en) 1999-09-28 2001-09-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive grain, abrasive articles, and methods of making and using the same
JP2001207160A (en) 1999-11-19 2001-07-31 Yamashita Works:Kk Abrasive and method of abrasion using the abrasive
JP2001162541A (en) 1999-12-13 2001-06-19 Noritake Co Ltd Rotary grinding wheel for plunge grinding
US6096107A (en) 2000-01-03 2000-08-01 Norton Company Superabrasive products
US20010027623A1 (en) 2000-02-02 2001-10-11 Rosenflanz Anatoly Z. Fused A12O3-MgO-rare earth oxide eutectic abrasive particles, abrasive articles, and methods of making and using the same
US6403001B1 (en) 2000-03-22 2002-06-11 Ngk Insulators, Ltd. Production of powder-molded body
US20030029094A1 (en) 2000-04-17 2003-02-13 Paul Moeltgen Microcrystalline alpha-a12O3 shaped body, method for the production and use thereof
US7169198B2 (en) 2000-04-17 2007-01-30 Treibacher Schleifmittel Gmbh Microcrystalline α-Al2O3 shaped body, method for the production and use thereof
US6413286B1 (en) 2000-05-03 2002-07-02 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Production tool process
US6702650B2 (en) 2000-05-09 2004-03-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Porous abrasive article having ceramic abrasive composites, methods of making, and methods of use
US20020151265A1 (en) 2000-05-09 2002-10-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Porous abrasive article having ceramic abrasive composites, methods of making, and methods of use
US20030008933A1 (en) 2000-06-23 2003-01-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Fibrillated foam article
US6646019B2 (en) 2000-06-23 2003-11-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Fibrillated foam article
JP2002038131A (en) 2000-07-19 2002-02-06 Admatechs Co Ltd Abrasive composition, method for producing abrasive composition and polishing method
US6583080B1 (en) 2000-07-19 2003-06-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Fused aluminum oxycarbide/nitride-Al2O3·rare earth oxide eutectic materials
US20040003895A1 (en) 2000-08-14 2004-01-08 Takashi Amano Abrasive pad for cmp
US6579819B2 (en) 2000-08-29 2003-06-17 National Institute For Research In Inorganic Materials Silicon nitride sintered products and processes for their production
US6737378B2 (en) 2000-08-29 2004-05-18 National Institute For Research In Inorganic Materials Silicon nitride sintered products and processes for their production
US7364788B2 (en) 2000-09-29 2008-04-29 Trexel, Inc. Fiber-filled molded articles
US20020160694A1 (en) 2000-10-06 2002-10-31 3M Innovative Properties Company Agglomerate abrasive grain and a method of making the same
US6881483B2 (en) 2000-10-06 2005-04-19 3M Innovative Properties Company Ceramic aggregate particles
JP2004510873A (en) 2000-10-06 2004-04-08 スリーエム イノベイティブ プロパティズ カンパニー Abrasive grains and a method of manufacturing agglomerated
US6913824B2 (en) 2000-10-16 2005-07-05 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making an agglomerate particle
US6652361B1 (en) 2000-10-26 2003-11-25 Ronald Gash Abrasives distribution method
US20020084103A1 (en) * 2000-10-27 2002-07-04 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Silicon nitride ceramic substrate, silicon nitride ceramic circuit board using the substrate, and method of manufacturing the substrate
US6846795B2 (en) 2000-10-31 2005-01-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent compositions
CA2423788A1 (en) 2000-10-31 2002-07-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent compositions comprising particles with benefit agent
US20050020190A1 (en) 2000-11-03 2005-01-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Flexible abrasive product and method of making and using the same
US20080299875A1 (en) 2000-11-17 2008-12-04 Duescher Wayne O Equal sized spherical beads
US8256091B2 (en) 2000-11-17 2012-09-04 Duescher Wayne O Equal sized spherical beads
US20100003904A1 (en) 2000-11-17 2010-01-07 Duescher Wayne O High speed flat lapping platen, raised islands and abrasive beads
US20040235406A1 (en) 2000-11-17 2004-11-25 Duescher Wayne O. Abrasive agglomerate coated raised island articles
US20050118939A1 (en) 2000-11-17 2005-06-02 Duescher Wayne O. Abrasive bead coated sheet and island articles
EP1356152A2 (en) 2001-01-30 2003-10-29 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Coating compositions for modifying surfaces
EP1383631B1 (en) 2001-02-21 2011-08-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article with optimally oriented abrasive particles and method of making the same
US6669745B2 (en) 2001-02-21 2003-12-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article with optimally oriented abrasive particles and method of making the same
US20020170236A1 (en) 2001-03-20 2002-11-21 Larson Eric G. Abrasive article having projections attached to a major surface thereof
US20030022961A1 (en) 2001-03-23 2003-01-30 Satoshi Kusaka Friction material and method of mix-fibrillating fibers
US20020174935A1 (en) 2001-05-25 2002-11-28 Motorola, Inc. Methods for manufacturing patterned ceramic green-sheets and multilayered ceramic packages
US20020177391A1 (en) 2001-05-25 2002-11-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article
WO2002097150A3 (en) 2001-05-26 2003-12-11 Siemens Ag Method for a mechanical treatment of a metallic surface
US6451076B1 (en) 2001-06-21 2002-09-17 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Engineered abrasives
US6599177B2 (en) 2001-06-25 2003-07-29 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Coated abrasives with indicia
US20050218565A1 (en) 2001-07-30 2005-10-06 Dichiara Robert A Jr Oxide based ceramic matrix composites
US20030110707A1 (en) 2001-08-02 2003-06-19 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive particles, and methods of making and using the same
US7507268B2 (en) 2001-08-02 2009-03-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Al2O3-Y2O3-ZrO2/HfO2 materials, and methods of making and using the same
US7168267B2 (en) 2001-08-02 2007-01-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making amorphous materials and ceramics
US7563293B2 (en) 2001-08-02 2009-07-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Al2O3-rare earth oxide-ZrO2/HfO2 materials, and methods of making and using the same
JP2003049158A (en) 2001-08-09 2003-02-21 Hitachi Maxell Ltd Abrasive particle and abrasive body
US20040244675A1 (en) 2001-08-09 2004-12-09 Mikio Kishimoto Non-magnetic particles having a plate shape and method for production thereof, abrasive material, polishing article and abrasive fluid comprising such particles
US20030109371A1 (en) 2001-08-20 2003-06-12 Pujari Vimal K. Silicon carbide ceramic composition and method of making
US6974930B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2005-12-13 Jense Systemen B.V. Laser scanner
US20030085204A1 (en) 2001-11-07 2003-05-08 Lagos Bryan C. Method for molding a polymer surface that reduces particle generation and surface adhesion forces while maintaining a high heat transfer coefficient
US7666344B2 (en) 2001-11-19 2010-02-23 Stanton Advanced Ceramics, Inc. Thermal shock resistant ceramic composites
US7488544B2 (en) 2001-11-19 2009-02-10 Stanton Advanced Ceramics, Llc Thermal shock resistant ceramic composites
US6755729B2 (en) 2001-11-21 2004-06-29 Saint-Cobain Abrasives Technology Company Porous abrasive tool and method for making the same
US6685755B2 (en) 2001-11-21 2004-02-03 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Porous abrasive tool and method for making the same
US20030126800A1 (en) 2001-12-05 2003-07-10 Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation Mixed powder deposition of components for wear, erosion and abrasion resistant applications
US6949128B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2005-09-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making an abrasive product
US6878456B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2005-04-12 3M Innovative Properties Co. Polycrystalline translucent alumina-based ceramic material, uses, and methods
US20050271795A1 (en) 2002-04-08 2005-12-08 Ahmad Moini Combinatorial synthesis
WO2003087236A1 (en) 2002-04-10 2003-10-23 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Mineral-filled coatings having enhanced abrasion resistance and wear clarity and methods for using the same
EP1492845A1 (en) 2002-04-10 2005-01-05 PPG Industries Ohio, Inc. Mineral-filled coatings having enhanced abrasion resistance and wear clarity and methods for using the same
EP1371451A1 (en) 2002-06-14 2003-12-17 General Electric Company Abrasive tools with precisely controlled abrasive array and method of fabrication
US7384437B2 (en) 2002-07-26 2008-06-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Apparatus for making abrasive article
US7044989B2 (en) 2002-07-26 2006-05-16 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive product, method of making and using the same, and apparatus for making the same
US7294158B2 (en) 2002-07-26 2007-11-13 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive product, method of making and using the same, and apparatus for making the same
US6833014B2 (en) 2002-07-26 2004-12-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive product, method of making and using the same, and apparatus for making the same
US7297170B2 (en) 2002-07-26 2007-11-20 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of using abrasive product
US7553346B2 (en) 2002-07-26 2009-06-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive product
US20050081455A1 (en) 2002-07-26 2005-04-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive product, method of making and using the same, and apparatus for making the same
US7662735B2 (en) 2002-08-02 2010-02-16 3M Innovative Properties Company Ceramic fibers and composites comprising same
US7618684B2 (en) 2002-12-12 2009-11-17 Innovatech, Llc Method of forming a coating on a surface of a substrate
US20050284029A1 (en) 2002-12-23 2005-12-29 Pem Abrasifs-Refractaires Aluminum and zirconium oxynitride abrasive grains
JP2004209624A (en) 2003-01-07 2004-07-29 Akimichi Koide Manufacture of abrasive grain-containing fiber and its manufacturing method
US20040148967A1 (en) 2003-02-05 2004-08-05 3M Innovative Properties Company Methods of making ceramic particles
US7669658B2 (en) 2003-02-06 2010-03-02 William Marsh Rice University High strength polycrystalline ceramic spheres
US20040202844A1 (en) 2003-04-14 2004-10-14 Wong Marvin Glenn Feature formation in thick-film inks
US20060126265A1 (en) 2003-04-30 2006-06-15 Medtronic, Inc. Complex-shaped ceramic capacitors for implantable cardioverter defibrillators and method of manufacture
US20040224125A1 (en) 2003-05-08 2004-11-11 Ngk Insulators, Ltd. Ceramic members, a method of producing the same and corrosion resistant members
US7560139B2 (en) 2003-07-18 2009-07-14 Snecma Propulsion Solide Thermostructural composite structure with a compositional gradient, its manufacturing process
US6843815B1 (en) 2003-09-04 2005-01-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive articles and method of abrading
US7141522B2 (en) 2003-09-18 2006-11-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Ceramics comprising Al2O3, Y2O3, ZrO2 and/or HfO2, and Nb2O5 and/or Ta2O5 and methods of making the same
US20070087928A1 (en) 2003-09-18 2007-04-19 3M Innovative Properties Company Ceramics comprising Al2O3, Y2O3, ZrO2 and/or HfO2, and Nb2O5 and/or Ta2O5 and methods of making the same
US20050060947A1 (en) 2003-09-23 2005-03-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Compositions for abrasive articles
US20050060941A1 (en) 2003-09-23 2005-03-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article and methods of making the same
US7267700B2 (en) 2003-09-23 2007-09-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured abrasive with parabolic sides
US20050064805A1 (en) 2003-09-23 2005-03-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured abrasive article
US7972430B2 (en) 2003-11-24 2011-07-05 General Electric Company Composition and method for use with ceramic matrix composite T-sections
US7611795B2 (en) 2003-12-08 2009-11-03 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Fuel cell manufacturing method and fuel cell
US20050132655A1 (en) 2003-12-18 2005-06-23 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making abrasive particles
US8070556B2 (en) 2003-12-23 2011-12-06 Diamond Innovations, Inc. Grinding wheel for roll grinding and method of roll grinding
WO2005080624A1 (en) 2004-02-13 2005-09-01 Nv Bekaert Sa Steel wire with metal layer and roughnesses
US6888360B1 (en) 2004-02-20 2005-05-03 Research In Motion Limited Surface mount technology evaluation board having varied board pad characteristics
JP5285833B2 (en) 2004-04-13 2013-09-11 エフ・イ−・アイ・カンパニー System in order to repair a fine structure
US20050223649A1 (en) 2004-04-13 2005-10-13 3M Innovative Properties Company Nonwoven abrasive articles and methods
US7297402B2 (en) 2004-04-15 2007-11-20 Shell Oil Company Shaped particle having an asymmetrical cross sectional geometry
US20050232853A1 (en) 2004-04-15 2005-10-20 Evans Corey R Shaped particle
US20050245179A1 (en) 2004-05-03 2005-11-03 3M Innovative Properties Company Backup shoe for microfinishing and methods
US20050255801A1 (en) 2004-05-17 2005-11-17 Pollasky Anthony D Abrasive material and method of forming same
US7968147B2 (en) 2004-05-19 2011-06-28 Tdy Industries, Inc. Method of forming a diffusion bonding enhanced layer on Al2O3 ceramic tools
US20050266221A1 (en) 2004-05-28 2005-12-01 Panolam Industries International, Inc. Fiber-reinforced decorative laminate
US20060049540A1 (en) 2004-06-15 2006-03-09 Shiqiang Hui Tape casting method and tape cast materials
US7560062B2 (en) 2004-07-12 2009-07-14 Aspen Aerogels, Inc. High strength, nanoporous bodies reinforced with fibrous materials
US20080286590A1 (en) 2004-08-24 2008-11-20 Albright & Wilson (Australia) Limited Ceramic and Metallic Components and Methods for Their Production from Flexible Gelled Materials
WO2006027593A3 (en) 2004-09-10 2006-08-24 Dytech Corp Ltd Gelcasting of a ceramic catalyst carrier
JP2006159402A (en) 2004-11-11 2006-06-22 Fuji Seisakusho:Kk Abrasive and its manufacturing method, and blasting machining method with abrasive
US7666475B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2010-02-23 Siemens Energy, Inc. Method for forming interphase layers in ceramic matrix composites
US20060135050A1 (en) 2004-12-16 2006-06-22 Petersen John G Resilient structured sanding article
JP2006192540A (en) 2005-01-14 2006-07-27 Tmp Co Ltd Polishing film for liquid crystal color filter
US20060177488A1 (en) 2005-02-07 2006-08-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Abrasive wipe for treating a surface
US20060185256A1 (en) 2005-02-22 2006-08-24 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Rapid tooling system and methods for manufacturing abrasive articles
EP1851007A1 (en) 2005-02-22 2007-11-07 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Rapid tooling system and methods for manufacturing abrasive articles
US20080121124A1 (en) 2005-04-24 2008-05-29 Produce Co., Ltd. Screen Printer
US8141484B2 (en) 2005-06-17 2012-03-27 Shin-Etsu Handotai Co., Ltd. Screen printing plate and screen printing apparatus
US7906057B2 (en) 2005-07-14 2011-03-15 3M Innovative Properties Company Nanostructured article and method of making the same
US20070020457A1 (en) 2005-07-21 2007-01-25 3M Innovative Properties Company Composite particle comprising an abrasive grit
US20070072527A1 (en) 2005-09-27 2007-03-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Shape controlled abrasive article and method
US7556558B2 (en) 2005-09-27 2009-07-07 3M Innovative Properties Company Shape controlled abrasive article and method
US20070074456A1 (en) 2005-09-30 2007-04-05 Xavier Orlhac Abrasive tools having a permeable structure
EP1960157A1 (en) 2005-10-05 2008-08-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making a structured abrasive article
WO2007041538A1 (en) 2005-10-05 2007-04-12 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making a structured abrasive article
US20080262577A1 (en) 2005-12-15 2008-10-23 Laser Abrasive Technologies, Llc Method and apparatus for treatment of solid material including hard tissue
US20070234646A1 (en) 2006-03-29 2007-10-11 Antionette Can Polycrystalline abrasive compacts
EP2012972B1 (en) 2006-04-27 2014-06-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured abrasive article and method of making and using the same
US7670679B2 (en) 2006-05-30 2010-03-02 General Electric Company Core-shell ceramic particulate and method of making
US7373887B2 (en) 2006-07-01 2008-05-20 Jason Stewart Jackson Expanding projectile
JP4585991B2 (en) 2006-07-04 2010-11-24 三井金属鉱業株式会社 Cerium-based abrasive
US20080017053A1 (en) 2006-07-18 2008-01-24 Mayuka Araumi Screen printing plate
US20090016916A1 (en) 2006-07-31 2009-01-15 Maximilian Rosenzweig Bidirectional piston pump
US20100056816A1 (en) 2006-11-01 2010-03-04 Wallin Sten A Shaped porous bodies of alpha-alumina and methods for the preparation thereof
US7695542B2 (en) 2006-11-30 2010-04-13 Longyear Tm, Inc. Fiber-containing diamond-impregnated cutting tools
US20080188369A1 (en) * 2006-12-27 2008-08-07 Sandvik Intellectual Property Ab Ceramic material and cutting tools made thereof
US20120153547A1 (en) 2007-01-15 2012-06-21 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Ceramic particulate material and processes for forming same
US20080176075A1 (en) 2007-01-15 2008-07-24 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Ceramic particulate material and processes for forming same
US20080172951A1 (en) 2007-01-23 2008-07-24 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Coated abrasive products containing aggregates
US20080179783A1 (en) 2007-01-31 2008-07-31 Geo2 Technologies, Inc. Extruded Fibrous Silicon Carbide Substrate and Methods for Producing the Same
JP2008194761A (en) 2007-02-08 2008-08-28 Roki Techno Co Ltd Grinding sheet and manufacturing method therefor
US20080230951A1 (en) 2007-02-28 2008-09-25 Thierry Luc Alain Dannoux Methods for making microfluidic devices and devices produced thereof
JP5238726B2 (en) 2007-03-20 2013-07-17 スリーエム イノベイティブ プロパティズ カンパニー Abrasive article, and methods of making and using the same
JP5238725B2 (en) 2007-03-20 2013-07-17 スリーエム イノベイティブ プロパティズ カンパニー A manufacturing method thereof with the abrasive article
US20090165661A1 (en) 2007-06-06 2009-07-02 Thieme Gmbh & Co. Kg Method and Device for Printing Solar Cells By Screen Printing
US20090017736A1 (en) 2007-07-10 2009-01-15 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Single-use edging wheel for finishing glass
EP2176031A1 (en) 2007-07-13 2010-04-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured abrasive with overlayer, and method of making and using the same
US20100307067A1 (en) 2007-07-23 2010-12-09 Iakovos Sigalas Abrasive compact
US8049136B2 (en) 2007-08-03 2011-11-01 Fuji Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Method for producing metal mask for screen printing
EP2184134A1 (en) 2007-08-28 2010-05-12 Jiaxiang Hou Method for arranging abrasive particles of a grind tool orderly
US20100267543A1 (en) * 2007-09-07 2010-10-21 Becher Paul F Use of additives to improve microstructures and fracture resistance of silicon nitride ceramics
US20100292428A1 (en) 2007-11-30 2010-11-18 Ohio Aerospace Institute Highly Porous Ceramic Oxide Aerogels Having Improved Flexibility
WO2009085578A2 (en) 2007-12-20 2009-07-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive article having a plurality of precisely-shaped abrasive composites
US20110244769A1 (en) 2007-12-20 2011-10-06 David Moses M Abrasive article having a plurality of precisely-shaped abrasive composites
US8123828B2 (en) 2007-12-27 2012-02-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making abrasive shards, shaped abrasive particles with an opening, or dish-shaped abrasive particles
US8034137B2 (en) 2007-12-27 2011-10-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped, fractured abrasive particle, abrasive article using same and method of making
US20090165394A1 (en) 2007-12-27 2009-07-02 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making abrasive shards, shaped abrasive particles with an opening, or dish-shaped abrasive particles
US20110314746A1 (en) 2007-12-27 2011-12-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped, fractured abrasive particle, abrasive article using same and method of making
US20090208734A1 (en) 2008-01-18 2009-08-20 Macfie Gavin Test strips, methods, and system of manufacturing test strip lots having a predetermined calibration characteristic
US20090246464A1 (en) 2008-03-26 2009-10-01 Kyocera Corporation Silicon nitride cutting tool
US8021449B2 (en) 2008-04-18 2011-09-20 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Hydrophilic and hydrophobic silane surface modification of abrasive grains
US20110136659A1 (en) 2008-04-30 2011-06-09 Allen Timothy L Porous body precursors, shaped porous bodies, processes for making them, and end-use products based upon the same
US20130267150A1 (en) 2008-06-13 2013-10-10 Washington Mills Management, Inc. Method for abrading a product using very low packing density ceramic abrasive grits
CN102123837B (en) 2008-06-20 2014-07-09 3M创新有限公司 Polymeric molds and articles made therefrom
US20100003900A1 (en) 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Showa Denko K.K. Abrasive tape, method for producing abrasive tape, and varnishing process
US20100000159A1 (en) 2008-07-02 2010-01-07 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive Slicing Tool for Electronics Industry
US8251774B2 (en) 2008-08-28 2012-08-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured abrasive article, method of making the same, and use in wafer planarization
US20100068974A1 (en) 2008-09-16 2010-03-18 Diamond Innovations, Inc. Abrasive particles having a unique morphology
US8783589B2 (en) 2008-10-09 2014-07-22 Imerys Grinding method
US20100151201A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2010-06-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles with an opening
US8142531B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2012-03-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles with a sloping sidewall
US8142891B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2012-03-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Dish-shaped abrasive particles with a recessed surface
US8142532B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2012-03-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles with an opening
WO2010077509A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2010-07-08 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles with grooves
US20100151195A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2010-06-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Dish-shaped abrasive particles with a recessed surface
US20120137597A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2012-06-07 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles with a sloping sidewall
US20120144755A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2012-06-14 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles with an opening
US20100146867A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2010-06-17 Boden John T Shaped abrasive particles with grooves
US20100151196A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2010-06-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles with a sloping sidewall
US20120144754A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2012-06-14 3M Innovative Properties Company Dish-shaped abrasive particles with a recessed surface
US20100190424A1 (en) 2008-12-30 2010-07-29 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Reinforced Bonded Abrasive Tools
US20100201018A1 (en) 2009-01-06 2010-08-12 Ngk Insulators, Ltd. Forming die and method for manufacturing formed body using forming die
WO2010085587A1 (en) 2009-01-26 2010-07-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured fixed abrasive articles including surface treated nano-ceria filler, and method for making and using the same
US20100319269A1 (en) 2009-06-22 2010-12-23 Erickson Dwight D Shaped abrasive particles with low roundness factor
WO2010151201A1 (en) 2009-06-22 2010-12-29 Gsab Glassmästeribranschens Service Ab Improvements in and relating to a hinge profile fixable in a supporting profile
US8628597B2 (en) 2009-06-25 2014-01-14 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of sorting abrasive particles, abrasive particle distributions, and abrasive articles including the same
US20110008604A1 (en) 2009-07-07 2011-01-13 Morgan Advanced Materials And Technology Inc. Hard non-oxide or oxide ceramic / hard non-oxide or oxide ceramic composite hybrid article
US20110111563A1 (en) 2009-11-12 2011-05-12 Nitto Denko Corporation Adhesive tape for resin-encapsulating and method of manufacture of resin-encapsulated semiconductor device
US20110124483A1 (en) 2009-11-23 2011-05-26 Applied Nanostructured Solutions, Llc Ceramic composite materials containing carbon nanotube-infused fiber materials and methods for production thereof
US20120227333A1 (en) 2009-12-02 2012-09-13 Adefris Negus B Dual tapered shaped abrasive particles
WO2011068724A2 (en) 2009-12-02 2011-06-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making a coated abrasive article having shaped abrasive particles and resulting product
WO2011068714A2 (en) 2009-12-02 2011-06-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Dual tapered shaped abrasive particles
US20120231711A1 (en) 2009-12-02 2012-09-13 Keipert Steven J Method of making a coated abrasive article having shaped abrasive particles and resulting product
US20130255162A1 (en) 2009-12-22 2013-10-03 3M Innovative Properties Company Transfer assisted screen printing method of making shaped abrasive particles and the resulting shaped abrasive particles
US20110146509A1 (en) 2009-12-22 2011-06-23 3M Innovative Properties Company Transfer assisted screen printing method of making shaped abrasive particles and the resulting shaped abrasive particles
US8480772B2 (en) 2009-12-22 2013-07-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Transfer assisted screen printing method of making shaped abrasive particles and the resulting shaped abrasive particles
US8440602B2 (en) 2009-12-22 2013-05-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition comprising a divinyl benzene cross-linked styrene polymer
WO2011087649A2 (en) 2009-12-22 2011-07-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Transfer assisted screen printing method of making shaped abrasive particles and the resulting shaped abrasive particles
US20110160104A1 (en) 2009-12-31 2011-06-30 Oxane Materials, Inc. Ceramic Particles With Controlled Pore and/or Microsphere Placement and/or Size and Method Of Making Same
WO2011109188A2 (en) 2010-03-03 2011-09-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Bonded abrasive wheel
US20130009484A1 (en) 2010-03-19 2013-01-10 Baichou Yu Green Power Converter
WO2011139562A2 (en) 2010-04-27 2011-11-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Ceramic shaped abrasive particles, methods of making the same, and abrasive articles containing the same
US20130045251A1 (en) 2010-04-27 2013-02-21 Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd Pharmaceutical composition for improving solubility of prasugrel and its preparation method
WO2011149625A2 (en) 2010-05-25 2011-12-01 3M Innovative Properties Company Layered particle electrostatic deposition process for making a coated abrasive article
US20140000176A1 (en) 2010-05-25 2014-01-02 3M Innovative Properties Company Layered particle electrostatic deposition process for making a coated abrasive article
US20110289854A1 (en) 2010-05-25 2011-12-01 3M Innovative Properties Company Layered particle electrostatic deposition process for making a coated abrasive article
EP2390056A2 (en) 2010-05-28 2011-11-30 Oy Kwh Mirka Ab Abrasive product and the method for coating the same
US20120000135A1 (en) 2010-07-02 2012-01-05 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive articles
US20130125477A1 (en) 2010-08-04 2013-05-23 3M Innovative Properties Company Intersecting plate shaped abrasive particles
WO2012018903A2 (en) 2010-08-04 2012-02-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Intersecting plate shaped abrasive particles
US8445422B2 (en) 2010-09-21 2013-05-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning composition
US20130283705A1 (en) 2010-10-06 2013-10-31 VSM • Vereinigte Schmirgel- und Maschinen-Fabriken Method for producing zirconia-reinforced alumina grains, in particular abrasive grains, and grains produced by such method
WO2012061016A1 (en) 2010-11-01 2012-05-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles and method of making
WO2012061033A2 (en) 2010-11-01 2012-05-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Laser method for making shaped ceramic abrasive particles, shaped ceramic abrasive particles, and abrasive articles
US20150232727A1 (en) 2010-11-01 2015-08-20 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles and method of making
WO2012092605A2 (en) 2010-12-30 2012-07-05 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Method of forming a shaped abrasive particle
US20120168979A1 (en) 2010-12-30 2012-07-05 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Method of forming a shaped abrasive particle
WO2012092590A2 (en) 2010-12-31 2012-07-05 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
US20120167481A1 (en) 2010-12-31 2012-07-05 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
US9017439B2 (en) 2010-12-31 2015-04-28 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
WO2012112322A2 (en) 2011-02-16 2012-08-23 3M Innovative Properties Company Electrostatic abrasive particle coating apparatus and method
WO2012112305A2 (en) 2011-02-16 2012-08-23 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive article having rotationally aligned formed ceramic abrasive particles and method of making
WO2012141905A2 (en) 2011-04-14 2012-10-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Nonwoven abrasive article containing elastomer bound agglomerates of shaped abrasive grain
US20140080393A1 (en) 2011-04-14 2014-03-20 3M Innovative Properties Company Nonwoven abrasive article containing elastomer bound agglomerates of shaped abrasive grain
US8440603B2 (en) 2011-06-20 2013-05-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition comprising a polylactic acid biodegradable abrasive
EP2537917A1 (en) 2011-06-20 2012-12-26 The Procter and Gamble Company Liquid detergent composition with abrasive particles
US8470759B2 (en) 2011-06-20 2013-06-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition comprising a polyhydroxy-alkanoate biodegradable abrasive
EP2720676A1 (en) 2011-06-20 2014-04-23 The Procter and Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition
US8852643B2 (en) 2011-06-20 2014-10-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition
WO2013003831A2 (en) 2011-06-30 2013-01-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Liquid phase sintered silicon carbide abrasive particles
US20130000216A1 (en) 2011-06-30 2013-01-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride
US20130000212A1 (en) 2011-06-30 2013-01-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Liquid phase sintered silicon carbide abrasive particles
WO2013003830A2 (en) 2011-06-30 2013-01-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride
US8986409B2 (en) * 2011-06-30 2015-03-24 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive articles including abrasive particles of silicon nitride
WO2013009484A2 (en) 2011-07-12 2013-01-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making ceramic shaped abrasive particles, sol-gel composition, and ceramic shaped abrasive particles
US20130036402A1 (en) 2011-08-05 2013-02-07 Microsoft Corporation Using virtual machines to manage software builds
WO2013036402A1 (en) 2011-09-07 2013-03-14 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of abrading a workpiece
WO2013045251A1 (en) 2011-09-07 2013-04-04 3M Innovative Properties Company Bonded abrasive article
EP2567784A1 (en) 2011-09-08 2013-03-13 3M Innovative Properties Co. Bonded abrasive article
US20130067669A1 (en) 2011-09-20 2013-03-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning composition
US20130072417A1 (en) 2011-09-20 2013-03-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid detergent composition with abrasive particles
WO2013049239A1 (en) 2011-09-26 2013-04-04 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive articles including abrasive particulate materials, coated abrasives using the abrasive particulate materials and methods of forming
US20130074418A1 (en) 2011-09-26 2013-03-28 Tracy H. Panzarella Abrasive articles including abrasive particulate materials, coated abrasives using the abrasive particulate materials and methods of forming
WO2013070576A2 (en) 2011-11-09 2013-05-16 3M Innovative Properties Company Composite abrasive wheel
US20130186005A1 (en) 2011-12-30 2013-07-25 Michael D. Kavanaugh Forming shaped abrasive particles
WO2013102170A1 (en) 2011-12-30 2013-07-04 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Composite shaped abrasive particles and method of forming same
US20130180180A1 (en) 2011-12-30 2013-07-18 Doruk O. Yener Composite shaped abrasive particles and method of forming same
US20130199105A1 (en) 2011-12-30 2013-08-08 Paul P. Braun Shaped abrasive particle and method of forming same
WO2013102177A1 (en) 2011-12-30 2013-07-04 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Shaped abrasive particle and method of forming same
WO2013102176A1 (en) 2011-12-30 2013-07-04 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Forming shaped abrasive particles
US20140250797A1 (en) 2011-12-30 2014-09-11 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Composite Shaped Abrasive Particles and Method of Forming Same
WO2013106597A1 (en) 2012-01-10 2013-07-18 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive particles having complex shapes and methods of forming same
WO2013106602A1 (en) 2012-01-10 2013-07-18 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
US20140182217A1 (en) 2012-01-10 2014-07-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive particles having complex shapes and methods of forming same
US20130236725A1 (en) 2012-01-10 2013-09-12 Doruk O. Yener Abrasive particles having complex shapes and methods of forming same
US20130186006A1 (en) 2012-01-10 2013-07-25 Michael D. Kavanaugh Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
EP2631286A1 (en) 2012-02-23 2013-08-28 The Procter and Gamble Company Liquid cleaning composition
US20130305614A1 (en) 2012-03-30 2013-11-21 Anthony C. Gaeta Abrasive products having fibrillated fibers
WO2013151745A1 (en) 2012-04-04 2013-10-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive particles, method of making abrasive particles, and abrasive articles
WO2013177446A1 (en) 2012-05-23 2013-11-28 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Shaped abrasive particles and methods of forming same
US20130337262A1 (en) 2012-05-23 2013-12-19 Ralph Bauer Shaped abrasive particles and methods of forming same
WO2013188038A1 (en) 2012-06-13 2013-12-19 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive particles, abrasive articles, and methods of making and using the same
US20130337725A1 (en) 2012-06-13 2013-12-19 3M Innovative Property Company Abrasive particles, abrasive articles, and methods of making and using the same
WO2014005120A1 (en) 2012-06-29 2014-01-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
US20140007518A1 (en) 2012-06-29 2014-01-09 Doruk O. Yener Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
US20150126098A1 (en) 2012-07-06 2015-05-07 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive article
EP2692821A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with base body and top body
WO2014020068A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-06 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive particle with at most three surfaces and one corner
WO2014020075A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-06 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grain containing a first face without vertices and a second face with vertices
EP2692820A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with base surface, ridge and opening
WO2014022453A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-06 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive element precursor with precisely shaped features and method of making thereof
EP2692819A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch GmbH Abrasive grit with base surface and ridges
EP2692816A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with flat bodies penetrating each other
WO2014022465A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-06 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive articles with precisely shaped features and method of making thereof
EP2692815A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with concave section
EP2692817A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with panels arranged under an angle
EP2692814A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit comprising first surface without corner and second surface with corner
EP2692813A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with ridges of varying heights
EP2692818A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-05 Robert Bosch Gmbh Abrasive grit with main surfaces and secondary surfaces
WO2014022462A1 (en) 2012-08-02 2014-02-06 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive elements with precisely shaped features, abrasive articles fabricated therefrom and methods of making thereof
WO2014057273A1 (en) 2012-10-10 2014-04-17 Imerys Minerals Limited Method for grinding a particulate phyllosilicate material
DE102012023688A1 (en) 2012-10-14 2014-04-17 Dronco Ag Abrasive grain with geometrically defined shape useful e.g. for producing abrasive wheel comprises three potentially acting cutting edges, and edge defining surface of abrasive grain and additional cutting edge formed in grain surface
US20140106126A1 (en) 2012-10-15 2014-04-17 Anthony C. Gaeta Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
EP2719752A1 (en) 2012-10-15 2014-04-16 The Procter and Gamble Company Liquid detergent composition with abrasive particles
WO2014062701A1 (en) 2012-10-15 2014-04-24 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
WO2014070468A1 (en) 2012-10-31 2014-05-08 3M Innovative Properties Company Shaped abrasive particles, methods of making, and abrasive articles including the same
WO2014106173A1 (en) 2012-12-31 2014-07-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Particulate materials and methods of forming same
WO2014106211A1 (en) 2012-12-31 2014-07-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive blasting media and methods of forming and using same
US20140182216A1 (en) 2012-12-31 2014-07-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Particulate materials and methods of forming same
US20140186585A1 (en) 2012-12-31 2014-07-03 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive blasting media and methods of forming and using same
DE102013202204A1 (en) 2013-02-11 2014-08-14 Robert Bosch Gmbh Grinding element for use in grinding disk for sharpening workpiece, has base body whose one base surface is arranged parallel to another base surface, where former base surface comprises partially concave curved side edge
WO2014124554A1 (en) 2013-02-13 2014-08-21 Shengguo Wang Abrasive grain with controlled aspect ratio
WO2014137972A1 (en) 2013-03-04 2014-09-12 3M Innovative Properties Company Nonwoven abrasive article containing formed abrasive particles
WO2014140689A1 (en) 2013-03-12 2014-09-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Bonded abrasive article
WO2014161001A1 (en) 2013-03-29 2014-10-02 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive particles having particular shapes and methods of forming such particles
US20140290147A1 (en) 2013-03-29 2014-10-02 Saint-Gobain Abrasifs Abrasive Particles having Particular Shapes and Methods of Forming such Particles
WO2014165390A1 (en) 2013-04-05 2014-10-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Sintered abrasive particles, method of making the same, and abrasive articles including the same
WO2014176108A1 (en) 2013-04-24 2014-10-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive belt
US20140352722A1 (en) 2013-05-29 2014-12-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition
US20140357544A1 (en) 2013-05-29 2014-12-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition
US20140352721A1 (en) 2013-05-29 2014-12-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning and/or cleansing composition
DE102013210158A1 (en) 2013-05-31 2014-12-18 Robert Bosch Gmbh Roll form wire brush
DE102013210716A1 (en) 2013-06-10 2014-12-11 Robert Bosch Gmbh A method for producing abrasive articles for a grinding tool
WO2014209567A1 (en) 2013-06-24 2014-12-31 3M Innovative Properties Company Abrasive particles, method of making abrasive particles, and abrasive articles
WO2014210160A1 (en) 2013-06-25 2014-12-31 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive article and method of making same
US20140378036A1 (en) 2013-06-25 2014-12-25 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive article and method of making same
WO2014206890A1 (en) 2013-06-27 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method for producing a steel shaped body
DE102013212687A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh grinding element
WO2014210568A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Abrasive article including shaped abrasive particles
DE102013212639A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh grinding tool
DE102013212654A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh grinding element
WO2014206739A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh Grinding element
DE102013212677A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh A process for producing an abrasive grain
DE102013212700A1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Robert Bosch Gmbh A process for producing a grinding unit
DE102014210836A1 (en) 2013-06-28