US952877A - Armor-plate. - Google Patents

Armor-plate. Download PDF

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Publication number
US952877A
US952877A US1909498913A US952877A US 952877 A US952877 A US 952877A US 1909498913 A US1909498913 A US 1909498913A US 952877 A US952877 A US 952877A
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Prior art keywords
steel
series
plate
armor
balls
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Sherard Osborn Cowper-Coles
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Sherard Osborn Cowper-Coles
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Priority to US1909498913 priority Critical patent/US952877A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/02Plate construction
    • F41H5/04Plate construction composed of more than one layer
    • F41H5/0492Layered armour containing hard elements, e.g. plates, spheres, rods, separated from each other, the elements being connected to a further flexible layer or being embedded in a plastics or an elastomer matrix
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/12All metal or with adjacent metals
    • Y10T428/12486Laterally noncoextensive components [e.g., embedded, etc.]

Description

S. O. COWPER-GOLES.

ARMOR PLATE.

APPLIOA'IION FILED MAY 28, 1909.

952,877. Patented Mar. 22, 1910.

W117i asses: 70%(71/07? 9114M S v-wY-LL, -W

SHERARD OSBORN COWPER-GOLES, OF WESTMINSTER, LONDON, ENGLAND.

ARMOB-PLATE.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Application fi1ed May 28, 1909.

Patented Mar. 22, .1910. Serial No. 498,913.

To all whom 'it may concern: i

Be it known that I, SHERARD OSBOR COWPER-COLES, a subject of the King of Great Britain, residing at Grosvenor Mansions, 82 Victoria street, Westminster, Lon- (1011, England, have invented new and useful Improvements in Armor-Plate; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same. 1

My invention relates to armor plate and has for its object to provide an armor plate which shall be lighter than that at present manufactured of the same resisting power.

In order that my invention may be understood, I have illustrated it in the, accompanying drawing which shows across section of armor plate made according to my invention.

Referring to the construction illustrated, a represents a body of cast aluminium, b a

copper facing which is applied thereto, 0, c

being galvanized steel grids, d steel balls and e galvanized steel ribbons.

It has already been proposed to manufacture armor plate by casting aluminium or other metal around tubes which may or may not have wire cables inserted in them. Now, according to my invention I manufacture armor plate as follows, that is to say, I arrange in any suitable pattern or form hardened steel balls or fragments of hardened steel or short length tubes of steel or alloy of steel or hardened aluminium or a material such as carborundum and I cast around the said balls, fragments or the like, aluminium or a' suitable alloy of aluminium with or without the addition of steel wire, ribbon or the equivalent to increase the strength of the plate produced.

In;some cases the plate may be faced with a metal that resists the action of salt water and slowly exfoliates when placed in salt .Water such, for example, as co per. In such a case the bottom or side 0 the mold in which the armor-plate is cast may have placedin it a sheet of copper or of acopper alloy which may be formed with rojecting lugs or the equlvalent on the sur ace to insure a more um; or the p ate may be faced with an ordinary alloy of zinc and iron which is very hard and non-corrosive. Or, I may obtain a hard facing or backing as follows, that is to say, I may introduceinto the mold small pieces or plates of iron or steel, which are preferably coated with zinc or copper and with which the molten aluminium readily combines to form a hard alloy.

The balls and grids, it will be observed, are in the outer portion of the armor plate while the steel ribbons are in the inner ortion. In order that this arrangement 0 the high impact resisting bodies shall give the best results in resisting the penetration of projectiles, the balls of one series are placed opposite the spaces between the balls of the next adjacent series and the ribbons of steel of one series are placed opposite and covering the spaces between the ribbons of the adjacent series.

Having now particularly described and ascertained the nature of my said invention and in what manner the same is to be performed, I declare that what I claim is 1. An armor plate having in the outer portion thereof a series of separated steel grids and a series of steel balls interposed between said grids and in the inner portion a plurality of series of steel ribbons, all such parts being embedded in cast aluminium.

2. An armor plate having in its outer portion a series of separated steel grids and a series of steel balls interposed between said grids, the balls of one series being arranged opposlte the spaces between the balls of the ad acent series, and in its inner portion a plurality of series of steel ribbons, the ribv bons of one series covering the spaces of the erfect union with the aluminiadjacent series, all of said parts being embedded in cast aluminium.

SHERARD OSBORN GOWPEIt-COLES.

US1909498913 1909-05-28 1909-05-28 Armor-plate. Expired - Lifetime US952877A (en)

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US1909498913 US952877A (en) 1909-05-28 1909-05-28 Armor-plate.

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US1909498913 US952877A (en) 1909-05-28 1909-05-28 Armor-plate.

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2445801A (en) * 1942-08-06 1948-07-27 Nitralloy Corp Method of electric resistance welding a laminated sheet metal structure
US3324768A (en) * 1950-05-22 1967-06-13 Robert J Eichelberger Panels for protection of armor against shaped charges
US3380406A (en) * 1965-04-28 1968-04-30 Whittaker Corp Composite design for transparent armour
US3431818A (en) * 1965-04-26 1969-03-11 Aerojet General Co Lightweight protective armor plate
US3638589A (en) * 1970-02-02 1972-02-01 Diebold Inc Protective door structure
US3705558A (en) * 1963-04-24 1972-12-12 Gen Motors Corp Armor
US3826172A (en) * 1969-07-28 1974-07-30 Us Navy Metal, matrix-fiber composite armor
US3898729A (en) * 1967-06-08 1975-08-12 Ohio Knife Company Method of making drill proof plate for safes
US4158338A (en) * 1976-10-11 1979-06-19 Feldmuhle Aktiengesellschaft Wall panel and assembly
US4368660A (en) * 1978-10-13 1983-01-18 Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung Protective arrangement against projectiles, particularly hollow explosive charge projectiles
US4369717A (en) * 1980-05-27 1983-01-25 Patmark Consultants Disappearing underground safe
US4665794A (en) * 1982-03-12 1987-05-19 Georg Fischer Aktiengesellschaft Armor and a method of manufacturing it
US5370034A (en) * 1993-07-02 1994-12-06 Fmc Corporation Reactive armor system with improved flyplates
US5490468A (en) * 1993-12-20 1996-02-13 Lockheed Missiles & Space Co., Inc. Safe with refractory laminate walls
WO2003012363A1 (en) * 2001-07-12 2003-02-13 Etat Francais représenté par le Délégué Général pour l'Armement Multilayer composite armour
US6581504B2 (en) * 2000-12-15 2003-06-24 Paul Caron Passive armor for protection against shaped charges
WO2006087699A2 (en) * 2005-02-21 2006-08-24 Arie Israeli Armor assembly
US20110083549A1 (en) * 2005-08-04 2011-04-14 Plasan Sasa Ltd. Multi-Functional Armor System
US8096223B1 (en) * 2008-01-03 2012-01-17 Andrews Mark D Multi-layer composite armor and method
US20130233211A1 (en) * 2010-09-14 2013-09-12 Tecnologia Bancaria S.A. Method for Using Hybrid Concrete Safes and Attaching Banking Equipment by Anchoring
US9347746B1 (en) 2008-01-03 2016-05-24 Great Lakes Armor Systems, Inc. Armored energy-dispersion objects and method of making and using

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2445801A (en) * 1942-08-06 1948-07-27 Nitralloy Corp Method of electric resistance welding a laminated sheet metal structure
US3324768A (en) * 1950-05-22 1967-06-13 Robert J Eichelberger Panels for protection of armor against shaped charges
US3705558A (en) * 1963-04-24 1972-12-12 Gen Motors Corp Armor
US3431818A (en) * 1965-04-26 1969-03-11 Aerojet General Co Lightweight protective armor plate
US3380406A (en) * 1965-04-28 1968-04-30 Whittaker Corp Composite design for transparent armour
US3898729A (en) * 1967-06-08 1975-08-12 Ohio Knife Company Method of making drill proof plate for safes
US3826172A (en) * 1969-07-28 1974-07-30 Us Navy Metal, matrix-fiber composite armor
US3638589A (en) * 1970-02-02 1972-02-01 Diebold Inc Protective door structure
US4158338A (en) * 1976-10-11 1979-06-19 Feldmuhle Aktiengesellschaft Wall panel and assembly
US4368660A (en) * 1978-10-13 1983-01-18 Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung Protective arrangement against projectiles, particularly hollow explosive charge projectiles
US4369717A (en) * 1980-05-27 1983-01-25 Patmark Consultants Disappearing underground safe
US4665794A (en) * 1982-03-12 1987-05-19 Georg Fischer Aktiengesellschaft Armor and a method of manufacturing it
US5370034A (en) * 1993-07-02 1994-12-06 Fmc Corporation Reactive armor system with improved flyplates
US5490468A (en) * 1993-12-20 1996-02-13 Lockheed Missiles & Space Co., Inc. Safe with refractory laminate walls
US6581504B2 (en) * 2000-12-15 2003-06-24 Paul Caron Passive armor for protection against shaped charges
WO2003012363A1 (en) * 2001-07-12 2003-02-13 Etat Francais représenté par le Délégué Général pour l'Armement Multilayer composite armour
WO2006087699A2 (en) * 2005-02-21 2006-08-24 Arie Israeli Armor assembly
WO2006087699A3 (en) * 2005-02-21 2007-05-03 Arie Israeli Armor assembly
US20110083549A1 (en) * 2005-08-04 2011-04-14 Plasan Sasa Ltd. Multi-Functional Armor System
US8096223B1 (en) * 2008-01-03 2012-01-17 Andrews Mark D Multi-layer composite armor and method
US9347746B1 (en) 2008-01-03 2016-05-24 Great Lakes Armor Systems, Inc. Armored energy-dispersion objects and method of making and using
US9835419B2 (en) 2008-01-03 2017-12-05 Great Lakes Armor Systems, Inc. Method and system for armored energy-dispersion objects
US20130233211A1 (en) * 2010-09-14 2013-09-12 Tecnologia Bancaria S.A. Method for Using Hybrid Concrete Safes and Attaching Banking Equipment by Anchoring

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