US906612A - Stringed musical instrument. - Google Patents

Stringed musical instrument. Download PDF

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Publication number
US906612A
US906612A US38515007A US1907385150A US906612A US 906612 A US906612 A US 906612A US 38515007 A US38515007 A US 38515007A US 1907385150 A US1907385150 A US 1907385150A US 906612 A US906612 A US 906612A
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Prior art keywords
musical instrument
stringed musical
instruments
board
sounding
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Expired - Lifetime
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US38515007A
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Phillip L Cayton
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Individual
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D3/00Details of, or accessories for, stringed musical instruments, e.g. slide-bars
    • G10D3/02Resonating means, horns or diaphragms

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to musical instruments of that class in which vibrating strings or wires are used in connection with a resonant box or sounding board.
  • the invention consists in certain new and useful improvements in string instruments such as violins, guitars, mandolins, etc. whereby, the construction is simplified and the tone greatly improved.
  • the object of the invention is to produce a musical instrument of fuller and sweeter tone than those now in use.
  • a further object is to produce a musical instrument of simpler construction than those now in use.
  • Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved instrument.
  • Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the same, and, Fig. 3, is a top plan view of the same.
  • the body of the Violin comprises the front board 1 and the back board 6, spaced apart by the head and tail members 8 and 7 respectively.
  • the members 7 and 8 are each provided with a groove 011 its inner face, and are formed with curved en'ds conforming in shape to the adjacent portions of the boards 1 and 6; and said ends are quite short, leaving the sides of the box open as indicated at 9.
  • the curved ends are slotted centrally, forming continuations of the grooves and an intermediate sounding board 10 is provided having its ends arranged in said grooves and slots.
  • hese posts may be of any number desired, the larger number giving generally a more mellow tone to the instrument.
  • the sound holes in the top of the box are entirely omitted as the sound is produced outside of the box and not inside of it and no openings are necessary for its escape.
  • the openings 9, however, are left at the sides of the box, but this is to give the sounding boards greater freedom to vibrate than they would have if secured together at all points along their edges.
  • My invention was the result of a belief that the volume and quality of tone could be improved by so constructing the sounding boards as to give them greater freedom to respond to the vibrations of the strings. Accordingly I constructed a number of instruments some having two and some having three sounding boards in which the edges of the boards were boxed together only at the ends as shown at 11 on the drawing and leaving the open spaces 9 at the sides of the box. These instruments, although rudely constructed have been pronounced of very superior tone by competent musicians, some of whom have praised them above their own instruments which are of great age and high value.
  • a stringed musical instrument comprising a front board and back board spaced apart by a head member and a tail member, each member being provided with a groove on its inner face, and said head and tail members

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Acoustics & Sound (AREA)
  • Multimedia (AREA)
  • Stringed Musical Instruments (AREA)

Description

P. L. GAYTON. STRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENT. APPLICATION FILED JULY 23, 1907.
, II 4 i I I I I" i 11 MM. 7
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' Patented Dec. 15, 1908.
PHILLIP L. OAYTON, OF NATIONAL SOLDIERS HOME, TENNESSEE.
STRING-ED MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 15, 1908.
Application filed July 23, 1907. Serial No. 385,150.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, PHILLIP L. GAYTON, a citizen of .the United States, residing at National Soldiers Home, in the county of \Vashington and State of Tennessee, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Stringed Musical Instruments, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention relates to musical instruments of that class in which vibrating strings or wires are used in connection with a resonant box or sounding board.
The invention consists in certain new and useful improvements in string instruments such as violins, guitars, mandolins, etc. whereby, the construction is simplified and the tone greatly improved.
The object of the invention is to produce a musical instrument of fuller and sweeter tone than those now in use.
A further object is to produce a musical instrument of simpler construction than those now in use.
ith these objects in view and further objects which will appear as the nature of my invention is better understood I have constructed several instruments according to the principle of my invention one of which is illustrated by the annexed drawing which shows the invention as applied to the construction of a violin, and in which,
Figure 1, is a perspective view of my improved instrument. Fig. 2, is a longitudinal sectional view of the same, and, Fig. 3, is a top plan view of the same.
Similar reference characters refer to corresponding parts throughout the several views.
The body of the Violin comprises the front board 1 and the back board 6, spaced apart by the head and tail members 8 and 7 respectively.
2 indicates the neck, 3 the keys, at the strings and 5 the bridge.
The members 7 and 8 are each provided with a groove 011 its inner face, and are formed with curved en'ds conforming in shape to the adjacent portions of the boards 1 and 6; and said ends are quite short, leaving the sides of the box open as indicated at 9. The curved ends are slotted centrally, forming continuations of the grooves and an intermediate sounding board 10 is provided having its ends arranged in said grooves and slots.
11 represents posts for separating the sounding boards and holding them in proper relative position. hese posts may be of any number desired, the larger number giving generally a more mellow tone to the instrument.
In instruments constructed in accordance with my invention the sound holes in the top of the box are entirely omitted as the sound is produced outside of the box and not inside of it and no openings are necessary for its escape. The openings 9, however, are left at the sides of the box, but this is to give the sounding boards greater freedom to vibrate than they would have if secured together at all points along their edges.
My invention was the result of a belief that the volume and quality of tone could be improved by so constructing the sounding boards as to give them greater freedom to respond to the vibrations of the strings. Accordingly I constructed a number of instruments some having two and some having three sounding boards in which the edges of the boards were boxed together only at the ends as shown at 11 on the drawing and leaving the open spaces 9 at the sides of the box. These instruments, although rudely constructed have been pronounced of very superior tone by competent musicians, some of whom have praised them above their own instruments which are of great age and high value.
From the foregoing description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing the advantages of the construction and the method of operation will be readily appar cut to those skilled in the art to which the invention appertains and while I have described the principle of operation of the invention together with the device which I now consider to be the best embodiment thereof I desire to have it understood that the device is merely illustrative and that such changes may be made when desired as are within the scope of the claim.
Having now described one embodiment of my invention as applied to a particular instrument and making it expressly understood that I do not waive my right to any other embodiment thereof, what I claim is:
A stringed musical instrument comprising a front board and back board spaced apart by a head member and a tail member, each member being provided with a groove on its inner face, and said head and tail members In testimony whereof I have signed my each being provided with curved ends formname to this specification in the presence of ing short side walls which are slotted centhe two subscribing witnesses.
trally forming continuations of said grooves, PHILLIP L. (DAYTON. 5 a sounding board arranged in said slots and Witnesses:
grooves, and posts for separating said front J OHN J OURDAIN,
board back board and sounding board. ED I. LAU'DERDALE.
US38515007A 1907-07-23 1907-07-23 Stringed musical instrument. Expired - Lifetime US906612A (en)

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US38515007A US906612A (en) 1907-07-23 1907-07-23 Stringed musical instrument.

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US38515007A US906612A (en) 1907-07-23 1907-07-23 Stringed musical instrument.

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3494241A (en) * 1967-11-01 1970-02-10 Ralph S Jones Sr Fretted instrument sounding board process and product
US3981219A (en) * 1974-09-09 1976-09-21 Johns Robert H Practice violin and bow
US4539886A (en) * 1984-06-29 1985-09-10 Dean Hoffart Guitar
US5900561A (en) * 1995-03-22 1999-05-04 Wechter; Abraham J. Guitar with improved headblock and tailblock
US6087569A (en) * 1997-12-16 2000-07-11 Gottschall; Peter Stereophonic musical string instrument
US20080105101A1 (en) * 2006-11-07 2008-05-08 Joachim Eldring Split solid body electric guitars
US20080202310A1 (en) * 2007-02-23 2008-08-28 Coke David A Structure for Musical Instrument Body
US20080250910A1 (en) * 2007-04-16 2008-10-16 Horace Greely Thornhill Machine for making music
US20100031807A1 (en) * 2008-08-08 2010-02-11 117506 Canada Inc. Chambered Electric Guitar
US20120234153A1 (en) * 2011-03-15 2012-09-20 Kerrick Enterprises, Inc. Resonating guitar with resonator conductor
US20140187385A1 (en) * 2012-12-31 2014-07-03 Sarah Elizabeth Betts Hand Exercise Device

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3494241A (en) * 1967-11-01 1970-02-10 Ralph S Jones Sr Fretted instrument sounding board process and product
US3981219A (en) * 1974-09-09 1976-09-21 Johns Robert H Practice violin and bow
US4539886A (en) * 1984-06-29 1985-09-10 Dean Hoffart Guitar
US5900561A (en) * 1995-03-22 1999-05-04 Wechter; Abraham J. Guitar with improved headblock and tailblock
US6087569A (en) * 1997-12-16 2000-07-11 Gottschall; Peter Stereophonic musical string instrument
US20080105101A1 (en) * 2006-11-07 2008-05-08 Joachim Eldring Split solid body electric guitars
US7507885B2 (en) * 2007-02-23 2009-03-24 Coke David A Structure for musical instrument body
US20080202310A1 (en) * 2007-02-23 2008-08-28 Coke David A Structure for Musical Instrument Body
US20080250910A1 (en) * 2007-04-16 2008-10-16 Horace Greely Thornhill Machine for making music
US7754951B2 (en) * 2007-04-16 2010-07-13 Horace Greely Thornhill String instrument having a rear chamber with a flanged sound projection vent
US20100031807A1 (en) * 2008-08-08 2010-02-11 117506 Canada Inc. Chambered Electric Guitar
US20120234153A1 (en) * 2011-03-15 2012-09-20 Kerrick Enterprises, Inc. Resonating guitar with resonator conductor
US8278538B1 (en) * 2011-03-15 2012-10-02 Kerrick Enterprises, Inc. Resonating guitar with resonator conductor
US20140187385A1 (en) * 2012-12-31 2014-07-03 Sarah Elizabeth Betts Hand Exercise Device
US9227107B2 (en) * 2012-12-31 2016-01-05 Sarah Elizabeth Betts Hand exercise device
US9630058B2 (en) 2012-12-31 2017-04-25 Sarah Elizabeth Betts Hand exercise device

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