US8337252B2 - Smartconnect flash card adapter - Google Patents

Smartconnect flash card adapter Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US8337252B2
US8337252B2 US13225330 US201113225330A US8337252B2 US 8337252 B2 US8337252 B2 US 8337252B2 US 13225330 US13225330 US 13225330 US 201113225330 A US201113225330 A US 201113225330A US 8337252 B2 US8337252 B2 US 8337252B2
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
card
memory
flash
adapter
embodiment
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
US13225330
Other versions
US20110320713A1 (en )
Inventor
Sreenath Mambakkam
Arockiyaswamy Venkidu
Larry Lawson Jones
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MCM Portfolio LLC
Original Assignee
MCM Portfolio LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date
Family has litigation

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RLINE CONNECTORS; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R27/00Coupling parts adapted for co-operation with two or more dissimilar counterparts
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RLINE CONNECTORS; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R27/00Coupling parts adapted for co-operation with two or more dissimilar counterparts
    • H01R27/02Coupling parts adapted for co-operation with two or more dissimilar counterparts for simultaneous co-operation with two or more dissimilar counterparts
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RLINE CONNECTORS; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R29/00Coupling parts for selective co-operation with a counterpart in different ways to establish different circuits, e.g. for voltage selection, for series-parallel selection, programmable connectors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S439/00Electrical connectors
    • Y10S439/945Adapter for pcb or cartridge
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S439/00Electrical connectors
    • Y10S439/946Memory card cartridge

Abstract

A multi-memory media adapter to read a plurality of different types of memory media cards. Signals are mapped to the contact pins depending upon the type of memory media card. In one embodiment, a controller connected to an interconnection means maps at least one signal to the contact pins depending upon the type of memory card inserted.

Description

Under 35 U.S.C. §120, this application is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 12/759,550, filed Apr. 13, 2010, now U.S. Pat. No. 8,011,964, which is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 12/189,725, filed Aug. 11, 2008, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,719,847, which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/858,086, filed Sep. 19, 2007, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,522,424, which is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 11/492,556, filed Jul. 24, 2006, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,295,443, which is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/887,635 filed Jul. 8, 2004, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,095,618, which is a continuation-in-part application of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/064,966, which was filed on Sep. 4, 2002, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,859,369, which is a continued-in-part continuation-in-part application of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/167,925, which was filed on Jun. 11, 2002, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,222,205, which is a continuation application of U.S. application Ser. No. 09/610,904 which was filed Jul. 6, 2000, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,438,638, and is titled “Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC.” U.S. application Ser. No. 10/064,966 is also a continuation-in-part of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/039,685 which was filed Oct. 29, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,832,281 and is titled, “Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC” and a continuation-in-part of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/002,567 which was filed Nov. 1, 2001 and is titled, “Active Adapter Chip for Use in a Flash Card Reader.” The priority of the above-referenced applications is hereby claimed, and the entireties of the above-referenced applications are incorporated herein by this reference, and all of the above-referenced applications are assigned to the assignee of the present invention.

FIELD

The present invention relates generally to flash media adapters, and more specifically to an improved configuration of the same.

BACKGROUND

In U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/002,567, entitled “Active Adapter Chip for Use in a Flash Card Reader”, filed Nov. 1, 2001, and assigned to the assignee of the present application, a universal active adapter chip is disclosed that can be used to construct a flash media system or various active flash media adapters using the CompactFlash card or PCMCIA (PC Card) form factor. A standard reader that reads CompactFlash cards or PC cards can then read any of the other flash-memory cards that plug into the CompactFlash or PC Card adapter. The adapters come with a conversion chip that makes each of the flash media work just like a CompactFlash or PC Card media, as applicable.

FIG. 1 shows a multi-standard card reader system 142. In the field of multi-standard adapters, multi-memory media adapter 140 may be an active adapter or, alternatively, may be a passive adapter. Reader 142 can adapt on the host side to either CompactFlash card 149, PCMCIA card 153, or IDE card 151. On the media side, the reader can adapt to a MultiMediaCard 141, or a Secure Digital card 143, which have the same form factor but slightly different pin-out; a SmartMedia card 145, which has a different pin-out; or a Memory Stick 147. In general, the reader 142 can adapt to any generic flash media 146 that has a similar or smaller form factor.

It is possible to place the connector such that all the media sit in one opening. FIG. 2 is a cutaway side view of a PCMCIA adapter card 200 of the type that is available as a standard commercial product today. FIG. 2 illustrates several drawbacks in the typical configuration of a PCMCIA adapter. Adapter 200 includes two PCBs, namely PCB 210 and PCB 220. The two PCBs are separated by a mounting frame (typically plastic), not shown. The mounting frame acts as a spacer between PCB 210 and PCB 220, which holds the two PCBs together at a specified distance and functions in other capacities as described below. The space between the two PCBs creates the opening (port) 211 into which the flash media cards are inserted. PCB 230 is straddle-mounted between PCB 210 and PCB 220. PCB 230 contains the active components including controller chip 231 that perform handshaking and data transfer. PCB 230 is connected to a PCMCIA connector 240. PCB 230 is mounted between PCB 210 and PCB 220 with interconnects 212. PCB 210 has two sets of floating contact pins, contact pin set 214 includes nine contact pins and contact pin set 215 includes ten contact pins, which provide interfaces for MMC/SD and MemoryStick flash media respectively. PCB 220 has two sets of floating contact pins 224 and 225, each including 11 pins, which together provide the interface for SmartMedia flash media.

The mounting frame that holds PCB 210 and 220 together is configured such that each type of flash media is inserted in a particular location within the connector. In FIG. 2, opening 211 is a simplified view. Typically, the opening is stepped with different widths and heights in different locations that index the flash media cards into specific locations upon insertion. This allows each flash medium to be properly aligned with the corresponding contact pin set(s). Additionally, stops are typically provided to stop the insertion at the correct depth, again, to guarantee connection to the right contact pin set.

This typical approach has several serious drawbacks.

Manufacturing

The straddle-mount configured flash media adapter is very expensive to manufacture for several reasons. Often such devices require manual labor for manufacturing and testing, or the use of very expensive soldering robots, instead of standard production techniques. A further problem is the additive effect of manufacturing tolerances, such as primary connector (i.e., PCMCIA) to PCB, to straddle mount connector to secondary PCB to contacts on PCB, resulting in as many as two, three, or in some cases even four tolerances adding up, which makes requirements for tolerances either absurdly expensive, or causes a big yield problem in manufacturing. Additionally, PCB 230 must be thin enough so that it can be mounted between PCB 210 and PCB 220 in the space allocated for the insertion of the various flash media. That is, PCB 230, together with the interconnects 212 that mount it between PCB 210 and PCB 220 must be no larger than opening 211. The manufacture of thin PCBs to accommodate this design point adds to the expense and complexity of manufacturing the flash media adapter.

Contact Pins

The floating contact pins are subject to damage and deterioration. The various flash media cards have different thickness, and even the same flash media may have different thickness if produced by different manufacturers. The flash media cards exert pressure upon the floating contact pins, which eventually causes their resiliency to be reduced. When subsequently, a thinner flash media card is inserted into the flash media adapter, the corresponding contact pins may not make connection with the flash media card. Additionally if a flash media card is inserted incorrectly (e.g., upside down), removal of the flash media card may damage the contact pins.

Interface

Some devices don't have the 68-pin PCMCIA interface. For example, some recent notebook computer models only have the electrically equivalent 50-pin CF interface. Typical adapter cards such as PCMCIA adapter card 200 are incompatible with a 50-pin CF interface.

SUMMARY

An embodiment of the present invention provides a multi-memory media adaptor comprised of a first planar element having an upper surface and a lower surface and a second planar element having an upper surface and a lower surface. The two planar elements are formed from a single piece of molded plastic and disposed so as to form a port capable of receiving a memory media card. The adapter has at least one set of contact pins protruding from the lower surface of the first planar element or the upper surface of the second planar element such that the at least one set of contact pins are disposed within the port. The at least one set of contact pins are capable of contacting the contacts of a memory media card inserted into the port.

Other features and advantages of embodiments of the present invention will be apparent from the accompanying drawings, and from the detailed description, that follows below.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The invention may be best understood by referring to the following description and accompanying drawings that are used to illustrate embodiments of the invention. In the drawings:

FIG. 1 illustrates a multi-standard card reader system;

FIG. 2 is a cutaway side view of a PCMCIA adapter card of the type that is available as a standard commercial product today;

FIG. 3 is a cutaway side view of an integrated standard connector adapter card according to one embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a table of pin mappings for the SmartMedia, MMC/SD, and Memory Stick to a 21-pin connector in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a table of pin mappings for the xD, standard MMC/SD, standard Memory Stick, SmartMedia, miniSD, RSMMC, and MS Duo to an 18-pin connector in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 illustrates an integrated standard connector adapter card, according to one embodiment of the present invention, in front view, top view, and bottom view;

FIG. 7 illustrates an integrated standard connector adapter card, according to one embodiment of the present invention, in front view and top view; and

FIG. 7A illustrates an alternative embodiment of an adapter 700A in accordance with one embodiment of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

An embodiment of the present invention provides a multi-memory media adapter card configured to reduce or eliminate some of the drawbacks of typical adapter card configuration. In accordance with various embodiments of the present invention, the top and bottom PCBs of prior art configurations are replaced by molded plastic elements that provide greater structural integrity. The straddle-mounted controller board is replaced with a PCB adjacent to the bottom element and having a surface mounted standard connector that may be a PCMCIA or a CompactFlash connector. The contact pins are formed so as to better maintain their resiliency and avoid damage upon removal of the memory media card. In one embodiment, a light pipe is locked in place between the top and bottom elements of the adapter card so as to conduct light from a signal lamp on the PCB through the port.

It is an intended advantage of one embodiment of the present invention to reduce the manufacturing cost and complexity of an adapter card. It is another intended advantage of one embodiment of the present invention to provide an adapter card with greater structural integrity. It is another intended advantage of one embodiment of the present invention to provide an adapter card with contact pins that retain their resiliency to a greater degree than floating contact pins. It is another intended advantage of one embodiment of the present invention to provide an adapter card with contact pins that are less likely to be damaged upon removal of a memory media card. It is another intended advantage of one embodiment of the present invention to provide an adapter card with a surface mounted standard connector including PCMCIA and CompactFlash connectors.

In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth. However, it is understood that embodiments of the invention may be practiced without these specific details. In other instances, well-known circuits, structures and techniques have not been shown in detail in order not to obscure the understanding of this description.

Reference throughout the specification to “one embodiment” or “an embodiment” means that a particular feature, structure, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment is included in at least one embodiment of the present invention. Thus, the appearance of the phrases “in one embodiment” or “in an embodiment” in various places throughout the specification are not necessarily all referring to the same embodiment. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, or characteristics may be combined in any suitable manner in one or more embodiments.

Similarly, it should be appreciated that in the foregoing description of exemplary embodiments of the invention, various features of the invention are sometimes grouped together in a single embodiment, figure, or description thereof for the purpose of streamlining the disclosure and aiding in the understanding of one or more of the various inventive aspects. This method of disclosure, however, is not to be interpreted as reflecting an intention that the claimed invention requires more features than are expressly recited in each claim. Rather, as the following claims reflect, inventive aspects lie in less than all features of a single foregoing disclosed embodiment. Thus, the claims following the Detailed Description are hereby expressly incorporated into this Detailed Description, with each claim standing on its own as a separate embodiment of this invention.

FIG. 3 is a cutaway side view of an integrated standard connector adapter card according to one embodiment of the present invention. Adapter card 300, shown in FIG. 3, includes a top planar element 310 and a bottom planar element 320, both of which may be PCBs. Alternatively, the top planar element 310 and the bottom planar element 320 may be formed from molded plastic. A spacer, not shown, holds the two planar elements apart, forming port 311 into which memory media cards are inserted. In order to meet the low height requirements (thickness of PCMCIA or CF cards), the ports are registered on one opening, and contacts are distributed on both sides. Additionally, the port 311 may be formed with card stops to prevent improper insertion of memory media cards.

For one embodiment, both planar elements and the spacer between them are created from molded plastic. For such an embodiment, the molded plastic provides greater resistance to pressure applied to the outer surfaces of adapter card 300. This helps to prevent planar element 310 and planar element 320 from contacting each other and possibly damaging internal components.

Adapter 300 also includes a number of sets of contact pins, shown collectively as contact pin set 315, protruding from the lower surface of planar element 310 and from the upper surface of planar element 320. The contact pins electrically couple to corresponding contacts on a memory media card inserted into port 311. For an embodiment in which the planar elements 310 and 320 are formed from molded plastic, contact pin sets 315 may be formed from injected contacts with protruding pins. This provides a more robust contact pin than the floating contact pins of the prior art, thereby lessening the likelihood that the resiliency of the contact pin will be reduced to the point that the pin no longer contacts the inserted memory media card. Alternatively, or additionally, the contact pins may be angled or shaped such that damage due to the abrupt removal of an improperly (or properly) inserted card is reduced or eliminated. For example the terminal end of the contact pin may be angled or curved toward the planar surface from which the contact pin protrudes, or may be spherically shaped.

Adapter 300 includes planar element 330 that has standard connector 340 mounted thereon. Planar element 330 is adjacent to bottom planar element 320. Standard connector 340, which may be for example, a compact flash, PCMCIA, USB, or serial ATA connector is surface-mounted to planar element 330. Interconnects 312 that electrically connect the standard connector 340 to contact pins 315 are also located on planar element 330. The adapter connects the proper pin from the contact pins to planar element 330. Simple wiring such as individual wires, flat cables, printed-circuit board (PCB), or wiring traces can be used. In accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, the need for a straddle-mounted PCB, and its associated manufacturing costs and complexity, is eliminated. Moreover, by eliminating the layers of a straddle-mount configuration, registration accuracy is improved. For one embodiment, a single PCB may comprise bottom planar element 320 and planar element 330.

For one embodiment, a multi-memory media adapter having only 21 pins is used to accommodate various commercially available flash memory media. FIG. 4 is a table of pin mappings for the SmartMedia, MMC/SD, and Memory Stick to a 21-pin connector in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

Pin 18 is a ground pin for each connector. Pin 19 is a power pin for SmartMedia, while pin 20 is a power pin for MMC/SD, and Memory Stick.

The SmartMedia interface has a parallel data bus of 8 bits. These are mapped to pins 1 8. While no separate address bus is provided, address and data are multiplexed. Control signals for latch enables, write enable and protect, output enable, and ready handshake are among the control signals.

For the Memory Stick and MMC/SD flash-memory-card interfaces, parallel data or address busses are not present. Instead, serial data transfers occur through serial data pin DIO, which is mapped to pin 7 for the Memory Stick, and pin 10 (D0) for the MMC/SD flash-memory-card interfaces. Data is clocked in synchronization to clock MCLK and CLK, for Memory Stick and MMC/SD, respectively, on pin 21. A BS, for Memory Stick, occupies pin 6, and a command signal CMD, for MMC/SD, occupies pin 4. The Memory Stick interfaces require only 4 pins plus power and ground, while MMC/SD requires 8 pins plus power and ground.

Thus, it is possible to accommodate SmartMedia, MMC/SD, and Memory Stick with a 21-pin connector (i.e., instead of 41 pins) by multiplexing the available pins. For one embodiment, the controller chip (e.g., controller chip 231) differentiates the pin configuration for each flash memory media type. The controller may include a shifter connected to the data and clock signals from the MMC/SD and Memory Stick flash-memory cards. The shifter may clock one bit (serial) or word (parallel) of data each clock pulse. A cyclical redundancy check (CRC) can be performed on the data to detect errors.

For an alternative embodiment, a multi-memory media adapter, having only 18 pins, is used to accommodate various commercially available flash memory media including media that have recently become commercially available. Such recent additions include a miniSD card (i.e., an MMC/SD card with a smaller form factor), an MS Duo (i.e., a Memory Stick card with a smaller form factor), a Reduced Size MultiMedia Card (RSMMC), and an xD card (a controller-less Flash media, similar in function to SmartMedia).

FIG. 5 is a table of pin mappings for the xD, standard MMC/SD, standard Memory Stick, SmartMedia, miniSD, RSMMC, MMC/SD, and MS Duo to an 18-pin connector in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

For such an embodiment, pin 1 is a ground pin and pin 18 is a power pin for each connector. The data lines for the SmartMedia and xD interface cards have a parallel data bus of 8 bits denoted as DO-D7 that occupy pins 10-17. These data bus lines are multiplexed to serve as card-detect lines for the remaining media types.

As described in application Ser. No. 09/610,904 (now U.S. Pat. No. 6,438,638), the signal lines to the controller are normally pulled high. When a card is inserted, the card pulls its connected pins low. Detection of card type is determined by detection of which of the mapped card detect lines is pulled low as illustrated in FIG. 5, or by the (binary) state of data or other card pins mapped to a common set of controller pins as described in the aforesaid parent application. See, e.g., FIGS. 4A-E of 09/610,904, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,438,638. While no separate address bus is provided, address and data are multiplexed.

The data lines of the miniSD and RSMMC and the Memory Stick (and MS Duo) flash-memory-card interfaces are denoted as SDD0-SDD3 and MSD0-MSD3, respectively, and occupy pins 4-7.

Thus, it is possible to accommodate xD, standard MMC/SD, standard Memory Stick, SmartMedia, miniSD, RSMMC, MMC/SD, and MS Duo with an 18-pin connector by multiplexing the available pins. Again, the controller chip may differentiate the pin configuration for each flash memory media type.

FIG. 6 illustrates an integrated standard connector adapter card according to one embodiment of the present invention in front view, top view, and bottom view. Adapter card 600, shown in FIG. 6, includes two housings, namely housing 610 and housing 620. For one embodiment of the invention, the pins are in a single row. As shown from the top view of adapter card 600, a top-front set of pins 611 in housing 610 can be used to interface to an xD card, a top-rear set of pins 612 in housing 610 can be used to interface to a SmartMedia card. A top-front set of pins 621 in housing 620 can be used to interface an RSMMC card. As shown in the bottom view of adapter card 600, a bottom-front set of pins 613 in housing 610 can be used to interface to an SD/MMC MMC/SD card, a bottom-rear set of pins 614 in housing 610 can be used to interface to a standard size Memory Stick card. A bottom-front set of pins 622 in housing 620 can be used to interface a miniSD card. A bottom-rear set of pins 623 in housing 620 can be used to interface a Memory Stick MS Duo.

FIG. 7 illustrates an integrated standard connector adapter card, according to one embodiment of the present invention, in front view and top view. Adapter card 700, shown in FIG. 7, includes three housings, namely section 710 (Memory Stick), section 720 (SM/xD), and section 730 (MMC/SD). This arrangement allows pins to be laid out in a planar fashion, thus effecting saving in layout and allowing for assignment of one drive for each section. The spacing is designed so that only one media can be inserted at a time. For one embodiment, the Memory Stick could be on the top portion of section 710 (with MS Duo on the bottom portion), while SmartMedia is on the top portion of section 720 with xD on the bottom portion of section 720. According to one such embodiment, the MMC (including the recently designed 8-bit MMC) could be on the top-rear portion of the MMC/SD section 730, while the SD could be on the bottom-rear portion of the MMC/SD section 730. RSMMC could be on the top-front portion of the MMC/SD section 730 and miniSD could be on the bottom-front portion of the MMC/SD section 730.

FIG. 7A illustrates an alternative embodiment of an adapter 700A in accordance with one embodiment of the invention. As shown in FIG. 7A, adapter 700 includes sections 710, 720, and 730 with sections 710 and 730 positioned vertically, but section 720 stacked horizontally upon section 730. In such an embodiment, external pins 711, 721, and 731 may be positioned as shown to avoid intersection or congestion of the external connections.

As described above in reference to FIG. 3, an adapter in accordance with one embodiment of the invention includes a planar element that may have a controller chip attached to a standard connector (e.g., PCMCIA, USB, WiFi, Firewire, IDE, CF, or serial ATA connector) mounted thereon. In accordance with an alternative embodiment of the invention, the controller chip is integrated into the housing of the adapter. For example, the adapter may be formed of a single piece of molded plastic, with the controller chip and an associated memory device (e.g., ROM) embedded into the molded plastic. For such an embodiment, the continuous molded plastic that forms the adapter also forms the device package for the controller die.

General Matters

Embodiments of the present invention provide an improved configuration for a multi-memory media adapter card. For one embodiment, the adapter may comprise an injected plastic part, forming the mechanical port, as well as holding any and all contacts in its structure, thus eliminating the multiple tolerances of conventional configurations (i.e., two PCBs sandwiching a mechanical frame). For one embodiment, two half shells with integrated contacts are snapped together, allowing for a simple, but accurate mounting by means of guides for snapping them together. In particular, the total assembly of the port may be composed of two parts, a top and bottom, each with contacts and plastic, each containing part or the entire port opening, hence reducing the number of added tolerances to a maximum of one or two. By reducing the number of sub-assemblies from three or more to two or less, an easier, more precise manufacturing can be done, with only slightly higher tooling cost. However, due to the fact that it is a high-volume, commodity-type device, the higher tooling costs would be more than offset by the lower part cost, the better yield, etc. Further, by embedding the contacts in a plastic injection, such problems as metal fatigue, travel, etc., can be controlled much better, improving dramatically the life-cycle time for the port side connectors. For one embodiment of the invention, the controller and associated memory device are integrated into the adapter, rendering the adapter a complete card reader.

For one embodiment, a light pipe may be locked in place between the two half shells to conduct light from a signal lamp (e.g., LED) on the PCB to the user side of the opening, similar to networking lights sometimes integrated into networking connectors.

For one embodiment, the straddle-mount configuration is replaced with a surface mounted standard connector. This reduces the manufacturing costs and complexities associated with the straddle-mount configuration.

For one embodiment of the invention, the controller and associated memory device are integrated into the adapter rendering the adapter a complete card reader.

Embodiments of the present invention have been described in reference to flash media such as xD, standard MMC/SD, standard Memory Stick, SmartMedia, miniSD, RSMMC, and MMC/SD, and MS Duo. In general, embodiments of the invention are applicable to any generic flash media.

While the invention has been described in terms of several embodiments, those skilled in the art will recognize that the invention is not limited to the embodiments described, but can be practiced with modification and alteration within the spirit and scope of the appended claims. The description is thus to be regarded as illustrative instead of limiting.

Claims (9)

1. A multi-flash-card reader comprising:
a plurality of connectors (62, 64, 66, 68) each having a respective slot adapted to removably receive a flash memory card;
characterised by comprising a converter chip (40) connected to the connectors and adapted to convert signals from a flash-memory card currently inserted in one of said connectors to read data from the flash-memory card;
the converter chip having an interface (100) for outputting data read from the flash-memory card;
the plurality of connectors comprising at least first and second connectors (64;62), the first connector (62) having a parallel data bus and control signals for parallel data transfer from a type of flash-memory card providing parallel data access in which a parallel data bus and an address bus are used to access data, hereafter referred to as a parallel card (16), and the second connector (64) having at
least one serial data pin and a clock pin for controlling serial data transfer from a type of flash-memory card, hereafter referred to as a serial card (28), in which one or more data lines are each clocked in synchronization with a clock signal so that one bit or one word of data is transferred for each clock;
wherein the converter chip is adapted to control clocked data transfer for serial cards and parallel data bus transfer for parallel cards, whereby multiple types of flash-memory card can be read by the multiflash-card reader using the converter chip;
the converter chip further comprising a shifter (98) connected to data and clock signals (DATA; CLK)
from the second connector and adapted to clock in one bit of data for each clock pulse when the serial card (28) is of a first type providing bit by bit data access and to clock in one word of data for each clock pulse when the serial card (26) is of a second type providing word by word data access.
2. A multi-flash-card reader as claimed in claim 1 wherein the first type of serial card is a MultiMediacard and wherein the second type of serial card is a Secure Digital Card.
3. A multi-flash-card reader as claimed in any preceding claim wherein the shifter further comprises
means for performing a cyclical redundancy check, CRC, on the data to detect errors.
4. A multi-flash-card reader as claimed in claim 1 wherein the plurality of connectors further comprises a third connector (66) connected to the converter chip and having a parallel data bus and control signals for controlling parallel data transfer from a parallel card of a second type removably inserted in the third connector.
5. A multi-flash-card reader as claimed in claim 4 wherein the plurality of connectors comprises a fourth connector having a serial data pin and a clock pin for controlling serial data transfer from a serial card of a third type removably inserted in the fourth connector.
6. A multi-flash-card reader as claimed in claim 5 wherein the first connector is adapted to receive the parallel card comprising a CompactFlash card, the second connector is adapted to receive a serial card comprising anyone of a first type being a MultiMedia card and a second type being a Secure Digital card; the third connector is adapted to receive the second type of parallel card being a Smart Media card; and the fourth connector is adapted to receive a third type of serial card being a Memory Stick card.
7. A multi-flash-card reader as claimed in claim 1 wherein the interface is adapted to connect to a host computer via an external cable.
8. A multi-flash-card reader as claimed claim 1 wherein the interface is adapted for connection to a host via a cable which is internal relative to a housing of the multi-flash-card reader.
9. A multi-flash-card reader as claimed in claim 1 wherein the plurality of connectors each have card detect signals for detecting the presence of a flash memory card inserted into said connector;
wherein the converter chip is adapted to sense a voltage change in the card detector signals from a
connector and to activate a routine to access the flash memory card activating the card detect signals,
whereby flash memory cards are detected by the converter chip.
US13225330 2000-07-06 2011-09-02 Smartconnect flash card adapter Expired - Fee Related US8337252B2 (en)

Priority Applications (11)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09610904 US6438638B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2000-07-06 Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash-memory cards with or without a PC
US10039685 US6832281B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2001-10-29 Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC
US10002567 US20030084220A1 (en) 2001-11-01 2001-11-01 Active adapter chip for use in a flash card reader
US10167925 US7222205B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2002-06-11 Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash-memory cards with or without a PC
US10064966 US6859369B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2002-09-04 Smartuniversal flash media card adapters
US10887635 US7095618B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2004-07-08 Smartconnect universal flash media card adapters
US11492556 US7295443B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2006-07-24 Smartconnect universal flash media card adapters
US11858086 US7522424B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-09-19 SmartConnect universal flash media card adapters
US12189725 US7719847B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2008-08-11 Smartconnect flash card adapter
US12759550 US8011964B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2010-04-13 Smartconnect flash card adapter
US13225330 US8337252B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2011-09-02 Smartconnect flash card adapter

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US13225330 US8337252B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2011-09-02 Smartconnect flash card adapter
US13717347 US20130107472A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2012-12-17 Smartconnect flash card adapter

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12759550 Continuation US8011964B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2010-04-13 Smartconnect flash card adapter

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13717347 Continuation US20130107472A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2012-12-17 Smartconnect flash card adapter

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20110320713A1 true US20110320713A1 (en) 2011-12-29
US8337252B2 true US8337252B2 (en) 2012-12-25

Family

ID=37448880

Family Applications (6)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11492556 Active US7295443B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2006-07-24 Smartconnect universal flash media card adapters
US11858086 Active 2020-12-26 US7522424B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-09-19 SmartConnect universal flash media card adapters
US12189725 Active US7719847B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2008-08-11 Smartconnect flash card adapter
US12759550 Active US8011964B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2010-04-13 Smartconnect flash card adapter
US13225330 Expired - Fee Related US8337252B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2011-09-02 Smartconnect flash card adapter
US13717347 Abandoned US20130107472A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2012-12-17 Smartconnect flash card adapter

Family Applications Before (4)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11492556 Active US7295443B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2006-07-24 Smartconnect universal flash media card adapters
US11858086 Active 2020-12-26 US7522424B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-09-19 SmartConnect universal flash media card adapters
US12189725 Active US7719847B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2008-08-11 Smartconnect flash card adapter
US12759550 Active US8011964B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2010-04-13 Smartconnect flash card adapter

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13717347 Abandoned US20130107472A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2012-12-17 Smartconnect flash card adapter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (6) US7295443B2 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20130225003A1 (en) * 2012-02-24 2013-08-29 Cheng Uei Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Card connector
US20150380844A1 (en) * 2014-06-26 2015-12-31 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory card indentification device, host device and memory card using the same

Families Citing this family (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7295443B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-11-13 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Smartconnect universal flash media card adapters
US6438638B1 (en) * 2000-07-06 2002-08-20 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash-memory cards with or without a PC
US7252240B1 (en) * 2000-07-06 2007-08-07 Onspec Electronics, Inc. Memory module which includes a form factor connector
US7493437B1 (en) * 2000-07-06 2009-02-17 Mcm Portfolio Llc Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC
EP1710732B1 (en) * 2004-01-13 2009-12-23 Seiko Instruments Inc. Card type electronic device system and card type electronic device
US20070028046A1 (en) * 2005-07-28 2007-02-01 Xerox Corporation Flash device to external storage adapter
WO2007124056A3 (en) * 2006-04-21 2008-05-08 Locolabs Inc Inline audio/visual conversion
US8141782B2 (en) * 2007-07-10 2012-03-27 Inphase Technologies, Inc. Dual-use media card connector for backwards compatible holographic media card
JP2010533341A (en) * 2007-07-10 2010-10-21 インフェイズ テクノロジーズ インコーポレイテッド Backward compatible of the dual-use medium card connector of the holographic medium
US9047987B2 (en) * 2008-07-22 2015-06-02 International Microsystems, Inc. Multiple access test architecture for memory storage devices
US8215991B2 (en) * 2009-02-26 2012-07-10 Sandisk Il Ltd. Memory card and host device
US8359418B2 (en) * 2009-02-26 2013-01-22 Sandisk Il Ltd. Host device with USB interface
JP5198379B2 (en) * 2009-07-23 2013-05-15 株式会社東芝 Semiconductor memory card
US8550858B2 (en) 2010-04-07 2013-10-08 Apple Inc. Extensible memory card-compatible receptacle and port expansion device
US20110270741A1 (en) * 2010-05-03 2011-11-03 Symbol Technologies, Inc. Universal payment module systems and methods for mobile computing devices
US8485443B2 (en) * 2010-08-31 2013-07-16 Dell Products L.P. Apparatus and method for sensing an integrated circuit card
CN102544860A (en) * 2010-12-14 2012-07-04 富泰华工业(深圳)有限公司 Junction box
EP2600287A1 (en) * 2011-12-01 2013-06-05 Gemalto SA Electronic device including elements managed by various standardised protocols and method for managing communication between said elements
US9451719B2 (en) * 2013-08-29 2016-09-20 Abb Technology Ag U form-factor intelligent electronic device (IED) hardware platform with matching of IED wiring, from a non U form-factor IED hardware platform using adapter structure
KR20160110978A (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-09-23 인텔 코포레이션 Memory card connector for electronic devices
WO2015142474A1 (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-09-24 Intel Corporation Memory card connector for electronic devices

Citations (407)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6182162B2 (en)
US3821518A (en) 1972-08-10 1974-06-28 D Miller Position authentication system for information bearing devices
US3882296A (en) 1973-11-05 1975-05-06 Amp Inc Leaf spring switching means
US4012096A (en) 1973-10-29 1977-03-15 Porta Systems Corporation Telephone connector block apparatus
US4046444A (en) 1975-10-14 1977-09-06 General Cable Corporation Connector for use with printed wiring circuits
US4092732A (en) 1977-05-31 1978-05-30 International Business Machines Corporation System for recovering data stored in failed memory unit
US4131330A (en) 1976-03-31 1978-12-26 Bunker Ramo Corporation Mounting device for electrical connectors
US4264917A (en) 1978-10-19 1981-04-28 Compagnie Internationale Pour L'informatique Cii-Honeywell Bull Flat package for integrated circuit devices
US4275944A (en) 1979-07-09 1981-06-30 Sochor Jerzy R Miniature connector receptacles employing contacts with bowed tines and parallel mounting arms
US4327953A (en) 1977-06-06 1982-05-04 Texas Instruments Incorporated Interchangeable module for integrated circuits
US4392705A (en) 1981-09-08 1983-07-12 Amp Incorporated Zero insertion force connector system
US4533203A (en) 1983-12-07 1985-08-06 Amp Incorporated Connector for printed circuit boards
US4551912A (en) 1983-06-30 1985-11-12 International Business Machines Corporation Highly integrated universal tape bonding
US4578573A (en) 1983-03-23 1986-03-25 Datakey, Inc. Portable electronic information devices and method of manufacture
US4579404A (en) 1983-09-26 1986-04-01 Amp Incorporated Conductor-terminated card edge connector
US4591950A (en) 1983-09-09 1986-05-27 American Manufacturing Company, Inc. Circuit board-terminal-housing assembly
US4591222A (en) 1984-08-31 1986-05-27 Amp Incorporated Limited insertion force contact terminals and connectors
US4655526A (en) 1984-08-31 1987-04-07 Amp Incorporated Limited insertion force contact terminals and connectors
US4675787A (en) 1985-07-12 1987-06-23 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Thin electronic apparatus
US4677527A (en) 1984-07-09 1987-06-30 International Business Machines Corp. Compact electrical connection and distribution system for pluggable modular devices
US4684194A (en) 1984-07-16 1987-08-04 Trw Inc. Zero insertion force connector
US4709136A (en) 1985-06-04 1987-11-24 Toppan Moore Company, Ltd. IC card reader/writer apparatus
US4710419A (en) 1984-07-16 1987-12-01 Gregory Vernon C In-mold process for fabrication of molded plastic printed circuit boards
US4745524A (en) 1987-04-24 1988-05-17 Western Digital Corporation Mounting of printed circuit boards in computers
US4756694A (en) 1986-12-19 1988-07-12 Amp Incorporated Dual row connector for low profile package
US4767920A (en) 1985-05-18 1988-08-30 Hitachi Maxell, Ltd. Reader and writer for an IC card
US4773873A (en) 1986-10-01 1988-09-27 Thinking Machines Corporation Bistable zero insertion force connector
US4776803A (en) 1986-11-26 1988-10-11 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Integrally molded card edge cable termination assembly, contact, machine and method
US4781612A (en) 1983-12-14 1988-11-01 Amp Incorporated Socket for single in-line memory module
US4799891A (en) 1986-05-30 1989-01-24 Amphenol Corporation Dual-contacting apparatus for chip-cards
US4801561A (en) 1984-07-05 1989-01-31 National Semiconductor Corporation Method for making a pre-testable semiconductor die package
US4809326A (en) 1985-03-05 1989-02-28 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. IC card system
US4811482A (en) 1987-08-05 1989-03-14 Moll Kenneth W Method for producing molded circuit boards
US4822988A (en) 1985-11-08 1989-04-18 Eurotechnique Card containing a component and a micromodule having side contacts
US4832619A (en) 1988-08-05 1989-05-23 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Pin mounted support system for printed circuit cards and connectors
US4863402A (en) 1986-10-17 1989-09-05 Ohio Associated Enterprises, Inc. Method and apparatus for making electrical connecting device
US4863395A (en) 1989-01-17 1989-09-05 Robert Babuka Zero insertion force connector with component card
US4868047A (en) 1987-02-20 1989-09-19 Furukawa Denki Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Printed wiring board
US4900903A (en) 1986-11-26 1990-02-13 Wright Technologies, L.P. Automated transaction system with insertable cards for transferring account data
US4900273A (en) 1987-11-13 1990-02-13 Societe Anonyme Dite: Alcatel Cit Contact frame for an IC card reader, said frame having an end-of-stroke contact
US4938716A (en) 1988-04-19 1990-07-03 Electroniques Lcc-Cice Device for setting up electrical contact among conductors distributed between two elements, notably contacts between the elements of a memory card and those of its reader
US4954086A (en) 1989-06-21 1990-09-04 Burndy Corporation Float/guide member for card edge connector
US4969842A (en) 1989-11-30 1990-11-13 Amp Incorporated Molded electrical connector having integral spring contact beams
US4975086A (en) 1988-09-24 1990-12-04 Amphenol Corporation Contact spring, set of contact springs and chipcard reader using said contact springs
US5126548A (en) 1989-07-19 1992-06-30 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Ic card with additional terminals and method of controlling the ic card
US5176523A (en) 1991-08-09 1993-01-05 Foxconn International, Inc. Stackable memory card connector
US5184282A (en) 1989-02-27 1993-02-02 Mips Co., Ltd. IC card adapter
US5198645A (en) 1988-11-09 1993-03-30 Societe D'applications Generales D'electricite Et De Mecanique A Gem Chip card receiving and sensing assembly for thick and thin cards
US5200959A (en) 1989-10-17 1993-04-06 Sundisk Corporation Device and method for defect handling in semi-conductor memory
JPH05108905A (en) 1991-10-18 1993-04-30 Dainippon Printing Co Ltd Test method for ic card and ic card and test device suitable for the same
US5220488A (en) 1985-09-04 1993-06-15 Ufe Incorporated Injection molded printed circuits
GB2263000A (en) 1991-12-30 1993-07-07 Apple Computer A polymorphic interface
US5297148A (en) 1989-04-13 1994-03-22 Sundisk Corporation Flash eeprom system
US5296692A (en) 1988-10-24 1994-03-22 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha IC card adapter for use in memory card slot with or without superimposed memory card
FR2696863A1 (en) 1992-10-13 1994-04-15 Vernois Goulven versatile intermediate cartridge.
US5320552A (en) 1990-03-17 1994-06-14 Amphenol-Tuchel Electronics Gmbh Contacting apparatus, in particular a contacting apparatus for a subscriber identity module
JPH06195524A (en) 1992-09-14 1994-07-15 Toshiba Corp Memory card device
US5336877A (en) 1990-09-18 1994-08-09 Amphenol-Tuchel Electronics Gmbh Contacting device for standard chip card and SIM card
US5375084A (en) 1993-11-08 1994-12-20 International Business Machines Corporation Selectable interface between memory controller and memory simms
US5387131A (en) 1991-04-29 1995-02-07 Trw Inc. Network conditioning insert
US5394206A (en) 1993-06-04 1995-02-28 Eastman Kodak Company Orientation independent, detachable film cartridge, memory module
US5396617A (en) 1993-02-02 1995-03-07 Mips Management Information Systems Technologies Gmbh Module for extending the functions of an electronic data processing machine
US5436621A (en) 1993-07-02 1995-07-25 Motorola, Inc. Messaging peripheral with secure message data function
US5437020A (en) 1992-10-03 1995-07-25 Intel Corporation Method and circuitry for detecting lost sectors of data in a solid state memory disk
US5471038A (en) 1991-10-08 1995-11-28 Smart-Diskette Gmbh Smart-diskette read/write device having fixed head
US5473753A (en) 1992-10-30 1995-12-05 Intel Corporation Method of managing defects in flash disk memories
US5473765A (en) 1994-01-24 1995-12-05 3Com Corporation Apparatus for using flash memory as a floppy disk emulator in a computer system
US5485606A (en) 1989-07-10 1996-01-16 Conner Peripherals, Inc. System and method for storing and retrieving files for archival purposes
FR2722589A1 (en) 1994-07-13 1996-01-19 Schlumberger Ind Sa Portable interface for card with embedded electronic circuit
US5486117A (en) 1994-08-09 1996-01-23 Molex Incorporated Locking system for an electrical connector assembly
US5497464A (en) 1991-11-01 1996-03-05 Yeh; Keming W. Address mapping logic for transferring data between a peripheral device of a base function expander unit and a palmtop computer as if the peripheral was a peripheral of the computer
US5522049A (en) 1985-09-24 1996-05-28 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Semiconductor disk device with attachable integrated circuit cards
US5535328A (en) 1989-04-13 1996-07-09 Sandisk Corporation Non-volatile memory system card with flash erasable sectors of EEprom cells including a mechanism for substituting defective cells
US5538436A (en) 1993-06-29 1996-07-23 Intel Corporation Two-part memory card socket connector and related interrupt handler
GB2298743A (en) 1995-03-10 1996-09-11 Kenven Developments Limited A connector for making surface electrical connections to IC cards
JPH08235028A (en) 1995-02-28 1996-09-13 Toshiba Corp Data management method for flash memory and data processor using the data management method
US5561628A (en) 1994-12-19 1996-10-01 Sharp Kabushiki IC card and a method for parallel processing flash memories
US5576698A (en) 1994-09-22 1996-11-19 Unisys Corporation Physical addressing of modules
EP0744708A2 (en) 1995-05-23 1996-11-27 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba IC card reader/writer and data transfer method
US5584043A (en) 1991-06-26 1996-12-10 Smartdiskette Gmbh Apparatus having a smart card accomodated by a diskette frame containing processor memory and battery power for interfacing with a standard diskette drive
US5589719A (en) 1995-03-10 1996-12-31 Fiset; Peter D. Card out of socket detector for IC cards
US5594233A (en) 1994-11-11 1997-01-14 At&T Global Information Solutions Company Multiple standard smart card reader
US5596659A (en) 1992-09-01 1997-01-21 Apple Computer, Inc. Preprocessing and postprocessing for vector quantization
US5596569A (en) 1994-03-08 1997-01-21 Excel, Inc. Telecommunications switch with improved redundancy
US5596562A (en) 1995-01-19 1997-01-21 United Microelectronics Corp. Controlling method and apparatus for supporting hard disk and/or CD-ROM drives through the PCMCIA interface
US5604917A (en) 1990-09-28 1997-02-18 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. IC memory card having masking function for preventing writing of data into a fixed memory area
US5619660A (en) 1994-04-28 1997-04-08 Intel Corporation Keying notches for side contacts on a thin form factor computer card
US5625534A (en) 1995-05-12 1997-04-29 Dell Computer Corporation Portable computer having a data card reader apparatus associated therewith
US5630174A (en) 1995-02-03 1997-05-13 Cirrus Logic, Inc. Adapter for detecting whether a peripheral is standard or multimedia type format and selectively switching the peripheral to couple or bypass the system bus
EP0775964A2 (en) 1995-11-25 1997-05-28 STOCKO Metallwarenfabriken Henkels und Sohn GmbH & Co Contact unit for card-shaped carriers with electronic components
US5640541A (en) 1995-03-24 1997-06-17 Openconnect Systems, Inc. Adapter for interfacing a SCSI bus with an IBM system/360/370 I/O interface channel and information system including same
US5649224A (en) 1993-01-26 1997-07-15 Intel Corporation Integrated circuit card having contacts along the side rails and method for transferring information using the contacts
US5663901A (en) 1991-04-11 1997-09-02 Sandisk Corporation Computer memory cards using flash EEPROM integrated circuit chips and memory-controller systems
US5680579A (en) 1994-11-10 1997-10-21 Kaman Aerospace Corporation Redundant array of solid state memory devices
US5679007A (en) 1994-07-13 1997-10-21 Schlumberger Industries, S.A. Portable interface for an electronic smart card
US5687592A (en) 1993-07-23 1997-11-18 Dell Usa, L.P. Mechanical lock for a removable hard disk drive and a removable memory card
US5708799A (en) 1994-11-04 1998-01-13 Intel Corporation PCMCIA autoconfigure PC card
US5712472A (en) 1995-02-25 1998-01-27 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Card read/write method
US5717951A (en) 1995-08-07 1998-02-10 Yabumoto; Kan W. Method for storing and retrieving information on a magnetic storage medium via data blocks of variable sizes
US5729204A (en) 1995-02-15 1998-03-17 Children's Medical Center Corporation Intelligent cable for controlling data flow
US5734894A (en) 1995-04-25 1998-03-31 Honeywell Inc. Methods and apparatus for protecting the integrity of process data stored on a removable storage medium
US5740349A (en) 1993-02-19 1998-04-14 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for reliably storing defect information in flash disk memories
US5748913A (en) 1996-02-29 1998-05-05 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Computer system capable of transferring video data between card devices
US5750973A (en) 1996-10-31 1998-05-12 The Whitaker Corporation Card reader
US5752857A (en) 1996-05-24 1998-05-19 Itt Corporation Smart card computer adaptor
US5773901A (en) 1995-07-21 1998-06-30 Kantner; Edward A. Universal PC card host
US5786769A (en) 1996-12-11 1998-07-28 International Business Machines Corporation Method and system for detecting the presence of adapter cards
US5790878A (en) 1996-08-23 1998-08-04 Apple Computer, Inc. System and method for recovering from a power failure within a digital camera device
WO1998034218A2 (en) 1997-02-04 1998-08-06 Esther Russo Smartcard electromechanical acceptor device
US5799200A (en) 1995-09-28 1998-08-25 Emc Corporation Power failure responsive apparatus and method having a shadow dram, a flash ROM, an auxiliary battery, and a controller
US5802553A (en) 1995-12-19 1998-09-01 Intel Corporation File system configured to support variable density storage and data compression within a nonvolatile memory
US5805834A (en) 1994-03-30 1998-09-08 Zilog, Inc. Hot reconfigurable parallel bus bridging circuit
US5815426A (en) 1996-08-13 1998-09-29 Nexcom Technology, Inc. Adapter for interfacing an insertable/removable digital memory apparatus to a host data part
US5818029A (en) 1995-10-03 1998-10-06 Intermart Systems Method and apparatus for connecting PCMCIA cards to computer interfaces
US5828905A (en) 1995-11-13 1998-10-27 Mitsubishi Chemical America, Inc. Adapter and method of connecting devices associated with at least three different protocols
US5839108A (en) 1996-03-07 1998-11-17 Norris Communications, Inc. Flash memory file system in a handheld record and playback device
US5844911A (en) 1996-12-12 1998-12-01 Cirrus Logic, Inc. Disc storage system with spare sectors dispersed at a regular interval around a data track to reduced access latency
US5844910A (en) 1992-09-11 1998-12-01 International Business Machines Corporation Flash-erase-type nonvolatile semiconductor storage device
US5847372A (en) 1994-03-02 1998-12-08 Clm Combicard Licence Marketing Gmbh & Co Kg Chip card
US5846092A (en) 1997-08-05 1998-12-08 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Plastic cased IC card adapter assembly
WO1998059298A1 (en) 1997-06-25 1998-12-30 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for switching between source-synchronous and common clock data transfer modes in a multiple agent processing system
JPH1115928A (en) 1997-06-19 1999-01-22 Hitachi Ltd Multi-adaptor for small pc card
JPH1153485A (en) 1997-08-01 1999-02-26 Tokyo Electron Ltd Computer system, storage device, conversion system and storage medium
US5877975A (en) 1996-08-13 1999-03-02 Nexcom Technology, Inc. Insertable/removable digital memory apparatus and methods of operation thereof
US5887145A (en) 1993-09-01 1999-03-23 Sandisk Corporation Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US5887488A (en) 1997-04-16 1999-03-30 Imo Industries, Inc. Vehicular accelerator pedal apparatus
US5892213A (en) 1995-09-21 1999-04-06 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory card
US5905253A (en) 1994-09-22 1999-05-18 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory card
US5905888A (en) 1997-02-19 1999-05-18 On Spec Electronic, Inc. Bootable redundant hard disk attached to a PC's parallel port with rom-address auto-detect and configure during BIOS scan
US5906516A (en) 1995-12-28 1999-05-25 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Card-in type connector
US5909596A (en) 1995-12-27 1999-06-01 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Self-configuring PC card with connector capable of using the pin configuration of an attached peripheral to identify the peripheral
JPH11184985A (en) 1997-11-18 1999-07-09 Shuttle Technol Ltd Memory card interface device
US5930496A (en) 1997-09-26 1999-07-27 Compaq Computer Corporation Computer expansion slot and associated logic for automatically detecting compatibility with an expansion card
US5929416A (en) 1994-11-28 1999-07-27 Telecomunicacoes Brasileiras S/A - Telebras Reading head arrangement for two data card types
US5928370A (en) 1997-02-05 1999-07-27 Lexar Media, Inc. Method and apparatus for verifying erasure of memory blocks within a non-volatile memory structure
US5929427A (en) 1996-02-28 1999-07-27 Hitachi, Ltd. Portable card reader/writer
US5933328A (en) 1998-07-28 1999-08-03 Sandisk Corporation Compact mechanism for removable insertion of multiple integrated circuit cards into portable and other electronic devices
WO1999045461A2 (en) 1998-03-02 1999-09-10 Lexar Media, Inc. Improved compact flash memory card and interface
US5956473A (en) 1996-11-25 1999-09-21 Macronix International Co., Ltd. Method and system for managing a flash memory mass storage system
US5955722A (en) 1997-08-14 1999-09-21 A K Stamping Co. Inc. Smart card reader
WO1999048284A1 (en) 1998-03-19 1999-09-23 Scm Microsystems Gmbh Interface device between a semiconductor storage medium for multimedia and a standard video terminal
US5961652A (en) 1995-10-13 1999-10-05 Compaq Computer Corporation Read checking for drive rebuild
US5964885A (en) 1997-07-14 1999-10-12 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for recovering text from a damaged electronic file
US5974426A (en) 1996-08-13 1999-10-26 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Device and method for data recovery in a file system
US5991546A (en) 1996-09-17 1999-11-23 Cmd Technology, Inc. System and method for interfacing manually controllable input devices to a universal computer bus system
JPH11321020A (en) 1998-03-16 1999-11-24 Seiko Epson Corp Photo image printer
JPH11321019A (en) 1998-03-16 1999-11-24 Seiko Epson Corp Photo image printer
US5995376A (en) 1997-05-20 1999-11-30 National Instruments Corporation Chassis which includes configurable slot 0 locations
US6002605A (en) 1997-02-28 1999-12-14 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Connecting apparatus, and information processing apparatus
US6006295A (en) 1997-06-05 1999-12-21 On Spec Electronic, Inc. Translator with selectable FIFO for universal hub cables for connecting a PC's PCMCIA or parallel ports to various peripherals using IDE/ATAPI, SCSI, or general I/O
US6009492A (en) 1996-02-29 1999-12-28 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Expansion device and computer system to which expansion device can be connected
US6010066A (en) 1996-09-24 2000-01-04 Hitachi, Ltd. Portable terminal device with stackable IC cards slot opening
US6038400A (en) 1995-09-27 2000-03-14 Linear Technology Corporation Self-configuring interface circuitry, including circuitry for identifying a protocol used to send signals to the interface circuitry, and circuitry for receiving the signals using the identified protocol
US6041001A (en) 1999-02-25 2000-03-21 Lexar Media, Inc. Method of increasing data reliability of a flash memory device without compromising compatibility
EP0987876A2 (en) 1998-09-09 2000-03-22 Smartdisk Corporation Portable data transfer and mass storage device for removable memory modules
JP2000099206A (en) 1999-10-12 2000-04-07 Toshiba Corp External unit for computer
WO2000023936A1 (en) 1998-10-21 2000-04-27 Litronic, Inc. Apparatus and method of providing a dual mode card and reader
US6061746A (en) 1998-04-30 2000-05-09 Compaq Computer Corporation Device bay system without 1394 PHY/Link interface to device bay controller having a software intercepting a GUID query and returning a stored unique identifier
US6062887A (en) 1998-08-31 2000-05-16 Motorola, Inc. Electronic device with dual card reader employing a drawer
US6067234A (en) 1997-12-22 2000-05-23 International Business Machines Corporation Adaptor connection apparatus for a data processing system
US6075706A (en) 1998-04-07 2000-06-13 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. PC card for receiving chip card
US6079621A (en) 1998-11-13 2000-06-27 Chrysalis-Its Inc. Secure card for E-commerce and identification
JP2000181733A (en) 1998-12-16 2000-06-30 Murata Mach Ltd Method and device for data inspection based upon crc and recording medium
US6088802A (en) 1997-06-04 2000-07-11 Spyrus, Inc. Peripheral device with integrated security functionality
US6088755A (en) 1997-06-04 2000-07-11 Sony Corporation External storage apparatus which can be connected to a plurality of electronic devices having different types of built-in interface without using a conversion adapter
JP2000200652A (en) 1999-01-05 2000-07-18 Alps Electric Co Ltd Ic card connector
JP2000214970A (en) 1999-01-21 2000-08-04 Jst Mfg Co Ltd Adapter for card connection
US6102715A (en) 1998-02-10 2000-08-15 The Great American Gumball Corporation Personal computer peripheral device adapter
US6108730A (en) 1998-02-27 2000-08-22 International Business Machines Corporation Memory card adapter insertable into a motherboard memory card socket comprising a memory card receiving socket having the same configuration as the motherboard memory card socket
US6110576A (en) 1998-10-16 2000-08-29 Lucent Technologies Inc. Article comprising molded circuit
US6112014A (en) 1997-05-16 2000-08-29 Kane; Patrick Photocopy machine capable of storing and transmitting image data
US6109931A (en) 1999-01-22 2000-08-29 Honda Tsushin Kogyo Co., Ltd. CF card adapter
JP2000235463A (en) 1999-02-17 2000-08-29 Casio Comput Co Ltd Removable media writing device and recording medium
US6122175A (en) 1999-02-01 2000-09-19 Shieh; Ron-Yen Compact flash card adapter
EP1037159A2 (en) 1999-03-11 2000-09-20 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd. Method and means for using additional cards in a mobile station
EP1043884A1 (en) 1999-04-09 2000-10-11 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Mobile memory device
JP2000286564A (en) 2000-01-01 2000-10-13 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Electronic equipment
US6134114A (en) 1998-02-20 2000-10-17 Stocko Metallwarenfabriken Henkels Und Sohn Gmbh & Co Vertically assembled chip card reader
US6132223A (en) 1999-08-09 2000-10-17 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. PC adaptor card for IC stick
US6139338A (en) 1998-12-25 2000-10-31 Honda Tsushin Kogyo Co., Ltd. CF card adapter
US6164538A (en) 1997-06-05 2000-12-26 Nippon Conlux Co., Ltd. Apparatus and method for determining types of recorded data cards
US6170066B1 (en) 1995-09-29 2001-01-02 Intel Corporation Power-off recovery management for sector based flash media managers
US6170029B1 (en) 1998-09-30 2001-01-02 International Business Machines Corporation Voltage overshoot control in hot plug system
CN1278631A (en) 1999-04-23 2001-01-03 日本压着端子制造株式会社 Adaptor for connecting cards
US6173405B1 (en) 1998-05-29 2001-01-09 3Com Corporation Secure communications card modem and method of using same
US6173291B1 (en) 1997-09-26 2001-01-09 Powerquest Corporation Method and apparatus for recovering data from damaged or corrupted file storage media
US6174188B1 (en) 1998-07-30 2001-01-16 Molex Incorporated IC card connector
US6176721B1 (en) 1998-06-15 2001-01-23 Molex Incorporated IC card connector
WO2001006443A1 (en) 1999-07-15 2001-01-25 Thomson Licensing S.A. Method and apparatus for supporting two different types of integrated circuit cards with a single connector
JP2001022538A (en) 1999-07-07 2001-01-26 Mitsumi Electric Co Ltd Disk drive equipped with recording and reproducing function for semiconductor memory
JP2001022537A (en) 1999-07-07 2001-01-26 Mitsumi Electric Co Ltd Disk drive equipped with recording and reproducing function for semiconductor memory
US6179638B1 (en) 1998-06-09 2001-01-30 Hyosung Electronics Co., Ltd Connector for use in a card reader
US6189055B1 (en) 1991-06-26 2001-02-13 Smartdisk Corporation Multi-module adapter having a plurality of recesses for receiving a plurality of insertable memory modules
US6190182B1 (en) 1997-05-28 2001-02-20 Gateway 2000, Inc. Piggy back PC card
US6203378B1 (en) 1998-02-26 2001-03-20 Japan Solderless Terminal Mgf. Co., Ltd Card connecting adapter
US6202932B1 (en) 1997-04-02 2001-03-20 Juha Rapeli contactless coupling between a host unit and a smart card
US6206710B1 (en) 1999-11-23 2001-03-27 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd. Card connector
US6226202B1 (en) 1996-07-19 2001-05-01 Tokyo Electron Device Limited Flash memory card including CIS information
US6230226B1 (en) 1997-09-30 2001-05-08 Intel Corporation Compound device implementing hub and function endpoints on a single chip
US6234844B1 (en) 2000-06-28 2001-05-22 Berg Technology, Inc. Electronic card connector
US6243686B1 (en) 1997-06-30 2001-06-05 Warner Music Group, Inc. Flash memory card adapter for stereo systems
US6246578B1 (en) 2000-01-23 2001-06-12 Tzu Hsiang Wei Computer-dedicated auxiliary data access device
US6247947B1 (en) 2000-02-18 2001-06-19 Thomas & Betts International, Inc. Memory card connector
US20010004268A1 (en) 1999-12-14 2001-06-21 Hiroaki Kubo Digital camera
US20010006400A1 (en) 1999-12-09 2001-07-05 Hiroaki Kubo Camera
US6261113B1 (en) 2000-11-10 2001-07-17 Hon Hai Precision Ind, Co., Ltd. Electrical connector having improved arrangement of terminals
US20010009505A1 (en) 2000-01-25 2001-07-26 Hirotaka Nishizawa IC card
US20010014934A1 (en) 2000-02-14 2001-08-16 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd., Memory access circuit and memory access control circuit
US6279061B1 (en) 1997-03-12 2001-08-21 Sony Corporation Data processing apparatus for modifying information data between two interfaces and using control data of one interface to control a second interface
US6279069B1 (en) 1996-12-26 2001-08-21 Intel Corporation Interface for flash EEPROM memory arrays
US20010016887A1 (en) 1998-11-04 2001-08-23 Toombs Thomas N. Voltage negotiation in a single host multiple cards system
DE20109810U1 (en) 2001-06-13 2001-08-23 Datafab Sys Inc External Flash Memory Card Reader with USB 2.0 interface
US6282612B1 (en) 1997-03-04 2001-08-28 Nec Corporation Removable memory device for portable terminal device
US6285555B1 (en) 1999-04-13 2001-09-04 Dell Usa, L.P. Apparatus and method for mounting a peripheral device in a computer system
US6283376B1 (en) 1997-12-15 2001-09-04 Amphenol-Tuchel Electronics Gmbh Chip or smart card reader
US20010019077A1 (en) 1999-12-28 2001-09-06 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd. Card reader
US6292863B1 (en) 1998-01-08 2001-09-18 Tdk Corporation PC card
EP1139208A1 (en) 2000-03-29 2001-10-04 Power Quotientinternational Co., Ltd. Disk module of solid state
EP1146473A1 (en) 1999-11-08 2001-10-17 Yamaichi Electrics Co., Ltd. Card connector
US6307538B1 (en) 1998-06-18 2001-10-23 Microsoft Corporation EMC enhanced peripheral device
WO2001080171A1 (en) 2000-04-18 2001-10-25 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Memory card installer
US6311290B1 (en) 1997-02-14 2001-10-30 Intel Corporation Methods of reliably allocating, de-allocating, re-allocating, and reclaiming objects in a symmetrically blocked nonvolatile memory having a bifurcated storage architecture
EP1152426A2 (en) 2000-04-20 2001-11-07 Sony Corporation Adaptor device and input/output device
US20010039603A1 (en) 1999-01-29 2001-11-08 Neal Manowitz Device bay storing solid state memory cards
US6315582B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2001-11-13 Mitsumi Electric Co., Ltd. Electronic device for connecting universal serial buss interface equipment
US6317352B1 (en) 2000-09-18 2001-11-13 Intel Corporation Apparatus for implementing a buffered daisy chain connection between a memory controller and memory modules
US6315207B1 (en) 1991-06-26 2001-11-13 Smartdisk Corporation Smart diskette device adaptable to receive electronic medium
US6330688B1 (en) 1995-10-31 2001-12-11 Intel Corporation On chip error correction for devices in a solid state drive
US6337712B1 (en) 1996-11-20 2002-01-08 Fuji Photo Film Company, Ltd. System for storing and utilizing picture image data recorded by digital camera
WO2002005102A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2002-01-17 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a pc
WO2002013021A2 (en) 2000-08-04 2002-02-14 Sandisk Corporation Use of small electronic circuit cards with different interfaces in an electronic system
US6352445B2 (en) 2000-06-02 2002-03-05 Ddk Ltd. Connector for memory cards
US6353870B1 (en) 1999-05-11 2002-03-05 Socket Communications Inc. Closed case removable expansion card having interconnect and adapter circuitry for both I/O and removable memory
US20020040412A1 (en) 1998-03-02 2002-04-04 Petro Estakhri Flash memory card with enhanced operating mode detection and user-friendly interfacing system
US6378015B1 (en) 1999-01-25 2002-04-23 George Yen Flash memory module comprising an IDE interface engageable in a vertical position perpendicular to a motherboard and having an IDE expansion slot
US6381513B1 (en) 1995-01-31 2002-04-30 Hitachi, Ltd. Electronic information distributing terminal equipment
US6385677B1 (en) 1999-11-22 2002-05-07 Li-Ho Yao Dual interface memory card and adapter module for the same
US6386920B1 (en) 2000-11-27 2002-05-14 Kinpo Electronics, Inc. Joint socket device for memory cards
US6393524B1 (en) 2000-04-20 2002-05-21 International Business Machines Corporation Method and driver for sequential operation caching
US6390855B1 (en) 2000-12-01 2002-05-21 Jess-Link Products Co., Ltd. Expansion slot adapter for a palm held computer
US20020065106A1 (en) 2000-11-30 2002-05-30 Avx Corporation Electronic device with card reader and connector assembly
JP2002157056A (en) 2001-07-16 2002-05-31 Jst Mfg Co Ltd Card connecting adaptor
US20020069363A1 (en) 2000-12-05 2002-06-06 Winburn Michael Lee System and method for data recovery and protection
US6402259B2 (en) 1999-07-14 2002-06-11 Goodrich Corporation Electromechanical braking system with power distribution and redundancy
US6405323B1 (en) 1999-03-30 2002-06-11 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc. Defect management for interface to electrically-erasable programmable read-only memory
US6402529B2 (en) 2000-02-08 2002-06-11 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Card connector
US6402558B1 (en) 2001-03-13 2002-06-11 Ritek Corporation Memory card adapter
US6404323B1 (en) 1999-05-25 2002-06-11 Varatouch Technology Incorporated Variable resistance devices and methods
US20020078458A1 (en) 2000-12-19 2002-06-20 Eastman Kodak Company Remote processing and distribution of images in kiosks
US20020078297A1 (en) 2000-12-20 2002-06-20 Katsumi Toyama Memory card drive and portable memory card drive
US6412080B1 (en) 1999-02-23 2002-06-25 Microsoft Corporation Lightweight persistent storage system for flash memory devices
US6426801B1 (en) 1998-10-01 2002-07-30 Lexmark International, Inc. Printer apparatuses and methods for using the same
US6427186B1 (en) 1999-03-30 2002-07-30 Frank (Fong-Long) Lin Memory, interface system and method for mapping logical block numbers to physical sector numbers in a flash memory, using a master index table and a table of physical sector numbers
US20020111771A1 (en) 1999-08-05 2002-08-15 Huang Yishao Max Integrated PC Card host controller for the detection and operation of a plurality of expansion cards
US20020113119A1 (en) 2001-02-20 2002-08-22 Sony Corporation And Sony Electronics Inc. Universal adaptor for connecting additional modules and peripherals to an electronic host device and methods of making and using same
US6442734B1 (en) 1998-07-08 2002-08-27 Microsoft Corporation Method and apparatus for detecting the type of interface to which a peripheral device is connected
US6456491B1 (en) 1996-02-12 2002-09-24 Gateway, Inc. Modular floppy disk drive for internal and external use
US6460094B1 (en) 1998-07-08 2002-10-01 Microsoft Corporation Peripheral device configured to detect the type of interface to which it is connected and configuring itself accordingly
US6457647B1 (en) 1993-11-16 2002-10-01 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Memory card adaptor to facilitate upgrades and the like
US6470284B1 (en) 1999-08-05 2002-10-22 02 Micro International Limited Integrated PC card host controller for the detection and operation of a plurality of expansion cards
US6468101B2 (en) 2000-10-11 2002-10-22 Kel Corporation Card connector
US6471130B2 (en) 1995-02-03 2002-10-29 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Information storage apparatus and information processing apparatus using the same
US6477604B1 (en) 2000-03-20 2002-11-05 Inventec Corporation Computer multi-bay devices compatible expansion module and its processing procedure
US20020166009A1 (en) 2001-05-03 2002-11-07 Power Quotient International Co., Ltd. USB interface flash memory card reader with a built-in flash memory
US6482029B2 (en) 2000-04-27 2002-11-19 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Card connector
US20020178307A1 (en) 2001-05-25 2002-11-28 Pua Khein Seng Multiple memory card adapter
US6490163B1 (en) 2001-08-30 2002-12-03 Phison Electronic Corp. Computer readable portable data storage device
US20020185533A1 (en) 2001-06-06 2002-12-12 Ron-Yen Shieh Externally connection type USB2.0 interface flash card reader
US6496381B1 (en) 1999-05-14 2002-12-17 Robert Bosch Gmbh Contact arrangement and counter-contact module
US6519739B1 (en) 1999-09-29 2003-02-11 Emc Corporation Fault detector
US6522552B1 (en) 2001-11-16 2003-02-18 Power Quotient International Co., Ltd. Wireless memory card reader
US6523079B2 (en) 1993-02-19 2003-02-18 Elonex Ip Holdings Ltd Micropersonal digital assistant
US6524137B1 (en) 2002-03-15 2003-02-25 Carry Computer Eng. Co., Ltd. Integral multiplex adapter card
US20030038177A1 (en) 2001-08-21 2003-02-27 Neil Morrow Passive flash media adapter system
US20030041284A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2003-02-27 Sreenath Mambakkam Field-operable, stand-alone apparatus for media recovery and regeneration
US20030046469A1 (en) 2001-08-29 2003-03-06 Wen-Tsung Liu Silicon disk drive with few slots for plural disks
US6532152B1 (en) 1998-11-16 2003-03-11 Intermec Ip Corp. Ruggedized hand held computer
US6535997B1 (en) 1999-05-19 2003-03-18 International Business Machines Corporation Data integrity in smartcard transactions
US20030056050A1 (en) 2001-09-14 2003-03-20 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Card device
US20030060085A1 (en) 2001-09-15 2003-03-27 Kenneth Reece Circuit board IC card connector
US6540523B1 (en) 2001-12-19 2003-04-01 I/O Interconnect Inc. Connection base assembly for memory cards and a detector thereof
US20030070112A1 (en) 2001-10-08 2003-04-10 Lila York Stored data recovery system
US20030074529A1 (en) 2001-10-11 2003-04-17 Henri Crohas Bulk storage method and system and autonomous portable bulk storage unit used in such a system
US20030084220A1 (en) 2001-11-01 2003-05-01 Jones Larry Lawson Active adapter chip for use in a flash card reader
US20030082961A1 (en) 2001-10-30 2003-05-01 Keith Mowery Multifunction passive socket for flash media cards
US20030084221A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2003-05-01 Jones Larry Lawson Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC
US20030088868A1 (en) 2001-11-06 2003-05-08 Chang Robert C. Implementation of in system programming to update firmware on memory cards
US6561421B1 (en) 2001-12-14 2003-05-13 Li-Ya Yu Universal serial bus card reader
US20030093606A1 (en) 2001-10-29 2003-05-15 Sreenath Mambakkam Multimode controller for intelligent and "dumb" flash cards
US6567875B1 (en) 1999-04-05 2003-05-20 Opti, Inc. USB data serializer
US20030095386A1 (en) 2001-11-19 2003-05-22 Imation Corp. Apparatus supporting multiple memory card formats
US20030095194A1 (en) 2001-11-22 2003-05-22 Konica Corporation Electronic apparatus having function of accommodating accessory devices
US6568960B2 (en) 1998-09-22 2003-05-27 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. Dual circuit card connector
US6570767B1 (en) 1999-08-10 2003-05-27 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd. Card adapter
US20030112611A1 (en) 2000-04-28 2003-06-19 Hitachi, Ltd. IC card
US6581830B1 (en) 1996-06-17 2003-06-24 Robert Bosch Gmbh Card reader with multiple chip cards slot opening
US20030116624A1 (en) 2001-12-24 2003-06-26 Winbond Electronics Corp. Memory card reading device
US20030129944A1 (en) 2001-12-21 2003-07-10 Chang Matthew C. T. System and method of monitoring and controlling a remote device
US20030133270A1 (en) 2002-01-08 2003-07-17 Carry Computer Eng. Co., Ltd. Embedding type signal adapter for memory cards
US6595803B2 (en) 2000-11-28 2003-07-22 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Card connector
US6601124B1 (en) 2000-02-14 2003-07-29 International Business Machines Corporation Universal interface for selectively coupling to a computer port type and method therefor
US6599147B1 (en) 1999-05-11 2003-07-29 Socket Communications, Inc. High-density removable expansion module having I/O and second-level-removable expansion memory
US6607707B2 (en) 2001-08-15 2003-08-19 Ovonic Battery Company, Inc. Production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons and oxygenated hydrocarbons
US6607405B2 (en) 2000-04-27 2003-08-19 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Multi-card card connector for multi-type cards
US20030156303A1 (en) 2001-11-21 2003-08-21 Metrologic Instruments, Inc. Planar light illumination and linear imaging (PLILIM) device with image-based velocity detection and aspect ratio compensation
US6612492B1 (en) 2002-06-06 2003-09-02 Chant Sincere Co., Ltd. Four-in-one memory card insertion port
US20030167376A1 (en) 2001-11-13 2003-09-04 Daesung Digital Tech Co., Ltd. Portable storage medium based on universal serial bus standard and control method therefor
US20030172219A1 (en) 2000-04-11 2003-09-11 Li-Ho Yao Multi-interface memory card and adapter module for the same
US20030168511A1 (en) 2002-03-07 2003-09-11 Chia-Hsun Lin Card reader system for installed in a personal computer
US20030172263A1 (en) 2002-03-07 2003-09-11 Wen-Tsung Liu Passive adapter for portable memory cards
US20030178486A1 (en) 2002-03-20 2003-09-25 Power Quotient International Co., Ltd. Mobile memory card reader and a fixing base thereof
US6628524B1 (en) 1999-04-07 2003-09-30 J. S. T. Mfg. Co., Ltd. Frame kit for IC card and IC card using the same
US20030201322A1 (en) 2002-04-29 2003-10-30 Mei-Ching Wu Adapter of compact flash memory card for various types of flash memory card
US6642614B1 (en) 2002-08-21 2003-11-04 Teconn Electronics, Inc. Multi-functional memory chip connector
US6641413B2 (en) 2001-07-12 2003-11-04 Alps Electric Co., Ltd. Card connector apparatus capable of receiving plural kinds of cards
US6651149B1 (en) 1998-12-10 2003-11-18 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Data storage medium with certification data
US6658638B2 (en) 1998-01-09 2003-12-02 Jeng-Jye Shau Power saving methods for programmable logic arrays
US6661454B1 (en) 1999-06-14 2003-12-09 Eastman Kodak Company Digital camera with memory card fullness icon
US20030229746A1 (en) 2002-06-07 2003-12-11 Wen-Tsung Liu Common connector for memory cards and switching arbitration method for shared pins of a connector
US20030229745A1 (en) 2002-06-07 2003-12-11 Hsuan-Ming Shih Driver for non-volatile solid-state memory
US6663007B1 (en) 1999-11-15 2003-12-16 Kimpo Electronics, Inc. Common socket device for memory cards
US6668077B1 (en) 1999-08-04 2003-12-23 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Color correcting relation extracting method and color correction method
US6666724B1 (en) 2002-10-23 2003-12-23 Tai-Sol Electronics, Co., Ltd. Multi-purpose card connector
US6675233B1 (en) 1998-03-26 2004-01-06 O2 Micro International Limited Audio controller for portable electronic devices
US6681991B1 (en) 2002-07-25 2004-01-27 E Fly Solutions Company Card reading device having a multi-functional connector
US6684283B1 (en) 2001-03-13 2004-01-27 Texas Instruments Incorporated Method for interfacing a cardbay card to the host system by indicating a 16-bit or cardbus PC card insertion to host software
US6687778B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2004-02-03 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Peripheral device for information processing
US6688521B2 (en) 2002-07-01 2004-02-10 Kingbyte Information Corp. Card reader separable from host machine
US20040027879A1 (en) 2002-08-12 2004-02-12 Chang Cheng Chun Flash card reader
US20040030830A1 (en) 2001-02-26 2004-02-12 Tokyo Electron Device Limited Storage medium control method, storage medium control device, and storage medium adaptor
US6699061B2 (en) 1999-12-06 2004-03-02 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Card connector
US6701058B1 (en) 1998-12-28 2004-03-02 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Image capturing and recording system utilizing wireless communication and image transmission-reception method thereof
US6699053B2 (en) 2001-07-12 2004-03-02 Alps Electric Co., Ltd. Card connector apparatus capable of receiving different kinds of cards
US20040042323A1 (en) 2002-05-31 2004-03-04 Masoud Moshayedi Removable storage device
US20040044864A1 (en) 2002-08-30 2004-03-04 Cavallo Joseph S. Data storage
US6705529B1 (en) 1998-11-26 2004-03-16 Nokia Mobile Phones, Ltd. Data card holder and reader therefor
US20040059782A1 (en) 2002-09-20 2004-03-25 American Megatrends, Inc. Systems and methods for establishing interaction between a local computer and a remote computer
US20040062109A1 (en) 1999-06-24 2004-04-01 Wallace Robert F. Memory card electrical contact structure
US20040060988A1 (en) 2002-09-30 2004-04-01 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Memory card
US20040063464A1 (en) 2002-09-30 2004-04-01 Tahir Akram High-speed data and power source interface cable for mobile devices
US20040061780A1 (en) 2002-09-13 2004-04-01 Huffman David A. Solid-state video surveillance system
US6725286B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2004-04-20 Sony Corporation Information-processing apparatus, information-processing method, memory card and program storage medium
US6722572B2 (en) 1999-12-01 2004-04-20 Fujitsu Limited Recording medium control method, data management apparatus, and recording medium
US6725291B2 (en) 2002-01-18 2004-04-20 Key Technology Corporation Detection method used in adaptor capable of inserting various kinds of memory cards
US6735720B1 (en) 2000-05-31 2004-05-11 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for recovering a failed device on a master-slave bus
US6745267B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2004-06-01 Carry Computer Eng. Co., Ltd. Multi-functional mini-memory card suitable for SFMI and USB interfaces
US20040106326A1 (en) 2002-11-28 2004-06-03 Wen-Tsung Liu Card switch device
US6746280B1 (en) 2001-01-22 2004-06-08 Tai-Sol Electronics Co., Ltd. Signal adapter for memory card
US20040110423A1 (en) 2002-11-28 2004-06-10 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Card connector
US6754765B1 (en) 2001-05-14 2004-06-22 Integrated Memory Logic, Inc. Flash memory controller with updateable microcode
US6761313B2 (en) 2002-08-28 2004-07-13 Carry Computer Eng. Co., Ltd. XD memory card adapter
US6761320B1 (en) 2003-03-03 2004-07-13 Kingconn Technology Co., Ltd. Connector structure for multi-storage media
US6780062B2 (en) 2001-11-29 2004-08-24 Carry Computer Eng., Co., Ltd. Multi-specification read/write signal transmission module for silicon disks
US6792501B2 (en) 2002-01-31 2004-09-14 Phision Electronic Corp Universal serial bus flash memory integrated circuit device
US6806559B2 (en) 2002-04-22 2004-10-19 Irvine Sensors Corporation Method and apparatus for connecting vertically stacked integrated circuit chips
US20040215862A1 (en) 2000-08-17 2004-10-28 Yoram Cedar Multiple removable non-volatile memory cards serially communicating with a host
US6830474B2 (en) 2002-08-16 2004-12-14 Carry Computer Eng Co. Ltd. Common connector with embedded pins
US6836885B1 (en) 1998-09-21 2004-12-28 Wyse Technology Inc. Method and apparatus for display of windowing application programs on a terminal
US6842818B2 (en) 2000-03-08 2005-01-11 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electronic device with card interface
US20050026505A1 (en) 2003-07-31 2005-02-03 Kiyoshi Washino Connector
US6859369B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2005-02-22 Onspec Electronic Inc. Smartuniversal flash media card adapters
US6857907B1 (en) 2003-11-25 2005-02-22 Data Fab Systems, Inc. Electrical connector adapted for use with first and second electronic cards
US6859361B1 (en) 2002-11-15 2005-02-22 Onspec Electronic Inc. Flash media reading devices with integrated storage compartments
US6863572B1 (en) 2003-08-19 2005-03-08 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd. Electrical connector with shock support
US6880024B2 (en) 2003-06-12 2005-04-12 Phison Electronics Corp. Control system for memory storage device having two different interfaces
US6886057B2 (en) 2002-06-06 2005-04-26 Dell Products L.P. Method and system for supporting multiple bus protocols on a set of wirelines
US6901457B1 (en) 1998-11-04 2005-05-31 Sandisk Corporation Multiple mode communications system
US6915956B2 (en) 2002-08-12 2005-07-12 Carry Computer Eng. Co., Ltd. Universal flash memory card bank structure
US6941405B2 (en) 2001-08-21 2005-09-06 02Micro International Limited System and method capable of offloading converter/controller-specific tasks to a system microprocessor
US6945461B1 (en) 2001-03-30 2005-09-20 3Com Corporation Compact multifunction card for electronic devices
US6973535B2 (en) 2001-09-14 2005-12-06 Cornice, Inc. Digital device configuration and method
US20050273648A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2005-12-08 Sreenath Mambakkam Field-operable, stand-alone apparatus for media recovery and regeneration
US7000054B2 (en) 2002-07-19 2006-02-14 Bill Kwong Switch for an electronic apparatus
US20060050155A1 (en) 2004-09-02 2006-03-09 Ing Stephen S Video camera sharing
US20060059385A1 (en) 2004-09-02 2006-03-16 Atri Sunil R Volatile storage based power loss recovery mechanism
US7020739B2 (en) 2000-12-06 2006-03-28 Tdk Corporation Memory controller, flash memory system having memory controller and method for controlling flash memory device
US7019778B1 (en) 1999-06-02 2006-03-28 Eastman Kodak Company Customizing a digital camera
US7033221B2 (en) 2001-03-09 2006-04-25 Itt Manufacturing Enterprise, Inc. Connector for high capacity smart cards
US7036738B1 (en) 1999-05-03 2006-05-02 Microsoft Corporation PCMCIA-compliant smart card secured memory assembly for porting user profiles and documents
US7038696B2 (en) 2002-01-04 2006-05-02 Hewlett-Packard Development Company Method and apparatus for implementing color graphics on a remote computer
US7038665B1 (en) 1999-12-10 2006-05-02 Nmb, U.S.A. Inc. Integrated USB input device
US7062584B1 (en) 1999-07-15 2006-06-13 Thomson Licensing Method and apparatus for supporting two different types of integrated circuit cards with a single connector
US7065591B2 (en) 2001-08-21 2006-06-20 O2Micro International Limited Reconfigurable flash media reader system
EP1688864A1 (en) 2001-06-27 2006-08-09 ePoint Group Limited Multi input memory device reader
US7093161B1 (en) 2002-08-16 2006-08-15 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Software recovery method for flash media with defective formatting
US7095618B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2006-08-22 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Smartconnect universal flash media card adapters
US7107378B1 (en) 2000-09-01 2006-09-12 Sandisk Corporation Cooperative interconnection and operation of a non-volatile memory card and an input-output card
US7114993B2 (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-10-03 Kingconn Technology Co., Ltd. Multipurpose memory card adapter
US7114659B2 (en) 2002-11-13 2006-10-03 Sandisk Corporation Universal non-volatile memory card used with various different standard cards containing a memory controller
US7126926B1 (en) 2000-01-14 2006-10-24 Symbol Technologies, Inc. Multi-tier wireless communications architecture, applications and methods
US7152801B2 (en) 2004-04-16 2006-12-26 Sandisk Corporation Memory cards having two standard sets of contacts
US7206970B1 (en) 2002-02-07 2007-04-17 Network Appliance, Inc. System and method for diagnostics execution and data capture in a storage system using nonvolatile memory
US7231643B1 (en) 2002-02-22 2007-06-12 Lexar Media, Inc. Image rescue system including direct communication between an application program and a device driver
US7236193B2 (en) 2000-01-11 2007-06-26 Fujifilm Corporation Apparatus and method to capture image and other data and recording onto multiple recording medium
US7252240B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-08-07 Onspec Electronics, Inc. Memory module which includes a form factor connector
US7295443B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-11-13 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Smartconnect universal flash media card adapters
US20070283428A1 (en) 2000-01-06 2007-12-06 Super Talent Electronics, Inc. Managing Bad Blocks In Flash Memory For Electronic Data Flash Card
US7320071B1 (en) 2001-05-22 2008-01-15 National Semiconductor Corporation Secure universal serial bus
EP1146428B1 (en) 2000-04-13 2008-01-23 A-DATA Technology Co., Ltd. Multi-interface memory card and adapter module for the same
US20080071978A1 (en) 2000-01-06 2008-03-20 Chow David Q Electronic data flash card with various flash memory cells
US7365782B2 (en) 2001-06-27 2008-04-29 Sony Corporation Image pickup device and method for enabling switching between a first recording medium and a second recording medium
US20080220654A1 (en) 2007-03-09 2008-09-11 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd. Card edge connector
US7493437B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2009-02-17 Mcm Portfolio Llc Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC
US7594064B2 (en) 2002-02-27 2009-09-22 Microsoft Corporation Free sector manager for data stored in flash memory devices
US20100138606A1 (en) 1997-08-08 2010-06-03 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Method for Controlling Non-Volatile Semiconductor Memory System
US7809866B2 (en) 2002-08-12 2010-10-05 Carry Computer Engineering Company, Limited Double interface SD flash memory card
US7885123B2 (en) 2000-06-22 2011-02-08 Stmicroelectronics S.R.L. Integrated circuit for memory card and memory card using the circuit

Family Cites Families (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2578185A (en) * 1948-10-02 1951-12-11 Teletype Corp Card punch control system
JPS63143689A (en) * 1986-12-06 1988-06-15 Tokyo Electric Co Ltd Capacity detector for memory card
US5303198A (en) * 1990-09-28 1994-04-12 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Method of recording data in memory card having EEPROM and memory card system using the same
JPH0715665B2 (en) * 1991-06-10 1995-02-22 インターナショナル・ビジネス・マシーンズ・コーポレイション Personal-computer
JP3229345B2 (en) * 1991-09-11 2001-11-19 ローム株式会社 Non-volatile memory ic
DE69329360D1 (en) * 1992-06-11 2000-10-12 Canon Kk Data processing device and output device
JPH06250931A (en) * 1993-02-26 1994-09-09 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Information processor
JPH08250167A (en) * 1995-03-08 1996-09-27 Alps Electric Co Ltd Connector for pc card
DE69904446D1 (en) * 1999-06-04 2003-01-23 Udekem D Acoz Xavier Guy Berna memory card

Patent Citations (486)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6182162B2 (en)
US6168077A (en)
US6173405B2 (en)
US6170029A (en)
US6173291B2 (en)
US3821518A (en) 1972-08-10 1974-06-28 D Miller Position authentication system for information bearing devices
US4012096A (en) 1973-10-29 1977-03-15 Porta Systems Corporation Telephone connector block apparatus
US3882296A (en) 1973-11-05 1975-05-06 Amp Inc Leaf spring switching means
US4046444A (en) 1975-10-14 1977-09-06 General Cable Corporation Connector for use with printed wiring circuits
US4131330A (en) 1976-03-31 1978-12-26 Bunker Ramo Corporation Mounting device for electrical connectors
US4092732A (en) 1977-05-31 1978-05-30 International Business Machines Corporation System for recovering data stored in failed memory unit
US4327953A (en) 1977-06-06 1982-05-04 Texas Instruments Incorporated Interchangeable module for integrated circuits
US4264917A (en) 1978-10-19 1981-04-28 Compagnie Internationale Pour L'informatique Cii-Honeywell Bull Flat package for integrated circuit devices
US4275944A (en) 1979-07-09 1981-06-30 Sochor Jerzy R Miniature connector receptacles employing contacts with bowed tines and parallel mounting arms
US4392705A (en) 1981-09-08 1983-07-12 Amp Incorporated Zero insertion force connector system
US4578573A (en) 1983-03-23 1986-03-25 Datakey, Inc. Portable electronic information devices and method of manufacture
US4551912A (en) 1983-06-30 1985-11-12 International Business Machines Corporation Highly integrated universal tape bonding
US4591950A (en) 1983-09-09 1986-05-27 American Manufacturing Company, Inc. Circuit board-terminal-housing assembly
US4579404A (en) 1983-09-26 1986-04-01 Amp Incorporated Conductor-terminated card edge connector
US4533203A (en) 1983-12-07 1985-08-06 Amp Incorporated Connector for printed circuit boards
US4781612A (en) 1983-12-14 1988-11-01 Amp Incorporated Socket for single in-line memory module
US4801561A (en) 1984-07-05 1989-01-31 National Semiconductor Corporation Method for making a pre-testable semiconductor die package
US4677527A (en) 1984-07-09 1987-06-30 International Business Machines Corp. Compact electrical connection and distribution system for pluggable modular devices
US4684194A (en) 1984-07-16 1987-08-04 Trw Inc. Zero insertion force connector
US4710419A (en) 1984-07-16 1987-12-01 Gregory Vernon C In-mold process for fabrication of molded plastic printed circuit boards
US4655526A (en) 1984-08-31 1987-04-07 Amp Incorporated Limited insertion force contact terminals and connectors
US4591222A (en) 1984-08-31 1986-05-27 Amp Incorporated Limited insertion force contact terminals and connectors
US4809326A (en) 1985-03-05 1989-02-28 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. IC card system
US4767920A (en) 1985-05-18 1988-08-30 Hitachi Maxell, Ltd. Reader and writer for an IC card
US4709136A (en) 1985-06-04 1987-11-24 Toppan Moore Company, Ltd. IC card reader/writer apparatus
US4675787A (en) 1985-07-12 1987-06-23 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Thin electronic apparatus
US5220488A (en) 1985-09-04 1993-06-15 Ufe Incorporated Injection molded printed circuits
US5522049A (en) 1985-09-24 1996-05-28 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Semiconductor disk device with attachable integrated circuit cards
US4822988A (en) 1985-11-08 1989-04-18 Eurotechnique Card containing a component and a micromodule having side contacts
EP0549568A2 (en) 1986-05-30 1993-06-30 Allied Corporation Dual contact set for chip card reader
US4799891A (en) 1986-05-30 1989-01-24 Amphenol Corporation Dual-contacting apparatus for chip-cards
US4773873A (en) 1986-10-01 1988-09-27 Thinking Machines Corporation Bistable zero insertion force connector
US4863402A (en) 1986-10-17 1989-09-05 Ohio Associated Enterprises, Inc. Method and apparatus for making electrical connecting device
US4900903A (en) 1986-11-26 1990-02-13 Wright Technologies, L.P. Automated transaction system with insertable cards for transferring account data
US4776803A (en) 1986-11-26 1988-10-11 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Integrally molded card edge cable termination assembly, contact, machine and method
US4756694A (en) 1986-12-19 1988-07-12 Amp Incorporated Dual row connector for low profile package
US4868047A (en) 1987-02-20 1989-09-19 Furukawa Denki Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Printed wiring board
US4745524A (en) 1987-04-24 1988-05-17 Western Digital Corporation Mounting of printed circuit boards in computers
US4811482A (en) 1987-08-05 1989-03-14 Moll Kenneth W Method for producing molded circuit boards
US4900273A (en) 1987-11-13 1990-02-13 Societe Anonyme Dite: Alcatel Cit Contact frame for an IC card reader, said frame having an end-of-stroke contact
US4938716A (en) 1988-04-19 1990-07-03 Electroniques Lcc-Cice Device for setting up electrical contact among conductors distributed between two elements, notably contacts between the elements of a memory card and those of its reader
US4832619A (en) 1988-08-05 1989-05-23 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Pin mounted support system for printed circuit cards and connectors
US4975086A (en) 1988-09-24 1990-12-04 Amphenol Corporation Contact spring, set of contact springs and chipcard reader using said contact springs
US5296692A (en) 1988-10-24 1994-03-22 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha IC card adapter for use in memory card slot with or without superimposed memory card
US5198645A (en) 1988-11-09 1993-03-30 Societe D'applications Generales D'electricite Et De Mecanique A Gem Chip card receiving and sensing assembly for thick and thin cards
US4863395A (en) 1989-01-17 1989-09-05 Robert Babuka Zero insertion force connector with component card
US5184282A (en) 1989-02-27 1993-02-02 Mips Co., Ltd. IC card adapter
US6523132B1 (en) 1989-04-13 2003-02-18 Sandisk Corporation Flash EEprom system
US5671229A (en) 1989-04-13 1997-09-23 Sandisk Corporation Flash eeprom system with defect handling
US5535328A (en) 1989-04-13 1996-07-09 Sandisk Corporation Non-volatile memory system card with flash erasable sectors of EEprom cells including a mechanism for substituting defective cells
US5877986A (en) 1989-04-13 1999-03-02 Sandisk Corporation Multi-state Flash EEprom system on a card that includes defective cell substitution
US5297148A (en) 1989-04-13 1994-03-22 Sundisk Corporation Flash eeprom system
US4954086A (en) 1989-06-21 1990-09-04 Burndy Corporation Float/guide member for card edge connector
US5485606A (en) 1989-07-10 1996-01-16 Conner Peripherals, Inc. System and method for storing and retrieving files for archival purposes
US5126548A (en) 1989-07-19 1992-06-30 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Ic card with additional terminals and method of controlling the ic card
US5200959A (en) 1989-10-17 1993-04-06 Sundisk Corporation Device and method for defect handling in semi-conductor memory
US4969842A (en) 1989-11-30 1990-11-13 Amp Incorporated Molded electrical connector having integral spring contact beams
US5320552A (en) 1990-03-17 1994-06-14 Amphenol-Tuchel Electronics Gmbh Contacting apparatus, in particular a contacting apparatus for a subscriber identity module
US5336877A (en) 1990-09-18 1994-08-09 Amphenol-Tuchel Electronics Gmbh Contacting device for standard chip card and SIM card
US5604917A (en) 1990-09-28 1997-02-18 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. IC memory card having masking function for preventing writing of data into a fixed memory area
US6011741A (en) 1991-04-11 2000-01-04 Sandisk Corporation Computer memory cards using flash EEPROM integrated circuit chips and memory-controller systems
US5663901A (en) 1991-04-11 1997-09-02 Sandisk Corporation Computer memory cards using flash EEPROM integrated circuit chips and memory-controller systems
US5387131A (en) 1991-04-29 1995-02-07 Trw Inc. Network conditioning insert
US6189055B1 (en) 1991-06-26 2001-02-13 Smartdisk Corporation Multi-module adapter having a plurality of recesses for receiving a plurality of insertable memory modules
US5584043A (en) 1991-06-26 1996-12-10 Smartdiskette Gmbh Apparatus having a smart card accomodated by a diskette frame containing processor memory and battery power for interfacing with a standard diskette drive
US6015093A (en) 1991-06-26 2000-01-18 Smartdiskette Gmbh Transfer device for transferring data between an electronic data processing device and a card
US6315207B1 (en) 1991-06-26 2001-11-13 Smartdisk Corporation Smart diskette device adaptable to receive electronic medium
US5176523A (en) 1991-08-09 1993-01-05 Foxconn International, Inc. Stackable memory card connector
US5471038A (en) 1991-10-08 1995-11-28 Smart-Diskette Gmbh Smart-diskette read/write device having fixed head
JPH05108905A (en) 1991-10-18 1993-04-30 Dainippon Printing Co Ltd Test method for ic card and ic card and test device suitable for the same
US5497464A (en) 1991-11-01 1996-03-05 Yeh; Keming W. Address mapping logic for transferring data between a peripheral device of a base function expander unit and a palmtop computer as if the peripheral was a peripheral of the computer
GB2263000A (en) 1991-12-30 1993-07-07 Apple Computer A polymorphic interface
US5410677A (en) 1991-12-30 1995-04-25 Apple Computer, Inc. Apparatus for translating data formats starting at an arbitrary byte position
US5596659A (en) 1992-09-01 1997-01-21 Apple Computer, Inc. Preprocessing and postprocessing for vector quantization
US5844910A (en) 1992-09-11 1998-12-01 International Business Machines Corporation Flash-erase-type nonvolatile semiconductor storage device
JPH06195524A (en) 1992-09-14 1994-07-15 Toshiba Corp Memory card device
US5437020A (en) 1992-10-03 1995-07-25 Intel Corporation Method and circuitry for detecting lost sectors of data in a solid state memory disk
FR2696863A1 (en) 1992-10-13 1994-04-15 Vernois Goulven versatile intermediate cartridge.
US5473753A (en) 1992-10-30 1995-12-05 Intel Corporation Method of managing defects in flash disk memories
US5649224A (en) 1993-01-26 1997-07-15 Intel Corporation Integrated circuit card having contacts along the side rails and method for transferring information using the contacts
US5396617A (en) 1993-02-02 1995-03-07 Mips Management Information Systems Technologies Gmbh Module for extending the functions of an electronic data processing machine
US5740349A (en) 1993-02-19 1998-04-14 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for reliably storing defect information in flash disk memories
US6523079B2 (en) 1993-02-19 2003-02-18 Elonex Ip Holdings Ltd Micropersonal digital assistant
US5394206A (en) 1993-06-04 1995-02-28 Eastman Kodak Company Orientation independent, detachable film cartridge, memory module
US5538436A (en) 1993-06-29 1996-07-23 Intel Corporation Two-part memory card socket connector and related interrupt handler
US5436621A (en) 1993-07-02 1995-07-25 Motorola, Inc. Messaging peripheral with secure message data function
US5687592A (en) 1993-07-23 1997-11-18 Dell Usa, L.P. Mechanical lock for a removable hard disk drive and a removable memory card
US5887145A (en) 1993-09-01 1999-03-23 Sandisk Corporation Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US6266724B1 (en) 1993-09-01 2001-07-24 Sandisk Corporation Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US6381662B1 (en) 1993-09-01 2002-04-30 Sandisk Corporation Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US5375084A (en) 1993-11-08 1994-12-20 International Business Machines Corporation Selectable interface between memory controller and memory simms
US6457647B1 (en) 1993-11-16 2002-10-01 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Memory card adaptor to facilitate upgrades and the like
US5473765A (en) 1994-01-24 1995-12-05 3Com Corporation Apparatus for using flash memory as a floppy disk emulator in a computer system
USD359724S (en) 1994-03-01 1995-06-27 Itt Cannon Electric Gmbh Connector
US5847372A (en) 1994-03-02 1998-12-08 Clm Combicard Licence Marketing Gmbh & Co Kg Chip card
US5596569A (en) 1994-03-08 1997-01-21 Excel, Inc. Telecommunications switch with improved redundancy
US5805834A (en) 1994-03-30 1998-09-08 Zilog, Inc. Hot reconfigurable parallel bus bridging circuit
US5619660A (en) 1994-04-28 1997-04-08 Intel Corporation Keying notches for side contacts on a thin form factor computer card
US5679007A (en) 1994-07-13 1997-10-21 Schlumberger Industries, S.A. Portable interface for an electronic smart card
FR2722589A1 (en) 1994-07-13 1996-01-19 Schlumberger Ind Sa Portable interface for card with embedded electronic circuit
US5486117A (en) 1994-08-09 1996-01-23 Molex Incorporated Locking system for an electrical connector assembly
US5576698A (en) 1994-09-22 1996-11-19 Unisys Corporation Physical addressing of modules
US5905253A (en) 1994-09-22 1999-05-18 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory card
US5708799A (en) 1994-11-04 1998-01-13 Intel Corporation PCMCIA autoconfigure PC card
US5680579A (en) 1994-11-10 1997-10-21 Kaman Aerospace Corporation Redundant array of solid state memory devices
US5594233A (en) 1994-11-11 1997-01-14 At&T Global Information Solutions Company Multiple standard smart card reader
US5929416A (en) 1994-11-28 1999-07-27 Telecomunicacoes Brasileiras S/A - Telebras Reading head arrangement for two data card types
US5561628A (en) 1994-12-19 1996-10-01 Sharp Kabushiki IC card and a method for parallel processing flash memories
US5596562A (en) 1995-01-19 1997-01-21 United Microelectronics Corp. Controlling method and apparatus for supporting hard disk and/or CD-ROM drives through the PCMCIA interface
US6381513B1 (en) 1995-01-31 2002-04-30 Hitachi, Ltd. Electronic information distributing terminal equipment
US20020080142A1 (en) 1995-01-31 2002-06-27 Hitachi, Ltd. Electronic information distributing terminal equipment
US5630174A (en) 1995-02-03 1997-05-13 Cirrus Logic, Inc. Adapter for detecting whether a peripheral is standard or multimedia type format and selectively switching the peripheral to couple or bypass the system bus
US6471130B2 (en) 1995-02-03 2002-10-29 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Information storage apparatus and information processing apparatus using the same
US5729204A (en) 1995-02-15 1998-03-17 Children's Medical Center Corporation Intelligent cable for controlling data flow
US5712472A (en) 1995-02-25 1998-01-27 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Card read/write method
JPH08235028A (en) 1995-02-28 1996-09-13 Toshiba Corp Data management method for flash memory and data processor using the data management method
USD372708S (en) 1995-03-06 1996-08-13 Computer adaptor housing
US5589719A (en) 1995-03-10 1996-12-31 Fiset; Peter D. Card out of socket detector for IC cards
GB2298743A (en) 1995-03-10 1996-09-11 Kenven Developments Limited A connector for making surface electrical connections to IC cards
US5640541A (en) 1995-03-24 1997-06-17 Openconnect Systems, Inc. Adapter for interfacing a SCSI bus with an IBM system/360/370 I/O interface channel and information system including same
US5734894A (en) 1995-04-25 1998-03-31 Honeywell Inc. Methods and apparatus for protecting the integrity of process data stored on a removable storage medium
US5625534A (en) 1995-05-12 1997-04-29 Dell Computer Corporation Portable computer having a data card reader apparatus associated therewith
EP0744708A2 (en) 1995-05-23 1996-11-27 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba IC card reader/writer and data transfer method
US5799171A (en) 1995-05-23 1998-08-25 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba IC card reader/writer for allowing communication with a plurality of kinds of IC cards of different protocol types
US5773901A (en) 1995-07-21 1998-06-30 Kantner; Edward A. Universal PC card host
US5717951A (en) 1995-08-07 1998-02-10 Yabumoto; Kan W. Method for storing and retrieving information on a magnetic storage medium via data blocks of variable sizes
US5892213A (en) 1995-09-21 1999-04-06 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory card
US6038400A (en) 1995-09-27 2000-03-14 Linear Technology Corporation Self-configuring interface circuitry, including circuitry for identifying a protocol used to send signals to the interface circuitry, and circuitry for receiving the signals using the identified protocol
US5799200A (en) 1995-09-28 1998-08-25 Emc Corporation Power failure responsive apparatus and method having a shadow dram, a flash ROM, an auxiliary battery, and a controller
US6170066B1 (en) 1995-09-29 2001-01-02 Intel Corporation Power-off recovery management for sector based flash media managers
US5818029A (en) 1995-10-03 1998-10-06 Intermart Systems Method and apparatus for connecting PCMCIA cards to computer interfaces
US5961652A (en) 1995-10-13 1999-10-05 Compaq Computer Corporation Read checking for drive rebuild
US6330688B1 (en) 1995-10-31 2001-12-11 Intel Corporation On chip error correction for devices in a solid state drive
US5828905A (en) 1995-11-13 1998-10-27 Mitsubishi Chemical America, Inc. Adapter and method of connecting devices associated with at least three different protocols
EP0775964A2 (en) 1995-11-25 1997-05-28 STOCKO Metallwarenfabriken Henkels und Sohn GmbH & Co Contact unit for card-shaped carriers with electronic components
US6097605A (en) 1995-11-25 2000-08-01 Stocko Metallwaren Fabriken Henkels Und Sohn Gmbh & Co. Contacting unit for card-shaped support elements for electronic components
EP0775964B1 (en) 1995-11-25 2003-11-12 STOCKO Contact GmbH & Co. KG Contact unit for card-shaped carriers with electronic components
US5802553A (en) 1995-12-19 1998-09-01 Intel Corporation File system configured to support variable density storage and data compression within a nonvolatile memory
US5909596A (en) 1995-12-27 1999-06-01 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Self-configuring PC card with connector capable of using the pin configuration of an attached peripheral to identify the peripheral
US5906516A (en) 1995-12-28 1999-05-25 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Card-in type connector
US6456491B1 (en) 1996-02-12 2002-09-24 Gateway, Inc. Modular floppy disk drive for internal and external use
US5929427A (en) 1996-02-28 1999-07-27 Hitachi, Ltd. Portable card reader/writer
US5748913A (en) 1996-02-29 1998-05-05 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Computer system capable of transferring video data between card devices
US6009492A (en) 1996-02-29 1999-12-28 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Expansion device and computer system to which expansion device can be connected
US5839108A (en) 1996-03-07 1998-11-17 Norris Communications, Inc. Flash memory file system in a handheld record and playback device
US5752857A (en) 1996-05-24 1998-05-19 Itt Corporation Smart card computer adaptor
US6581830B1 (en) 1996-06-17 2003-06-24 Robert Bosch Gmbh Card reader with multiple chip cards slot opening
US6226202B1 (en) 1996-07-19 2001-05-01 Tokyo Electron Device Limited Flash memory card including CIS information
US5877975A (en) 1996-08-13 1999-03-02 Nexcom Technology, Inc. Insertable/removable digital memory apparatus and methods of operation thereof
US5974426A (en) 1996-08-13 1999-10-26 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Device and method for data recovery in a file system
US6175517B1 (en) 1996-08-13 2001-01-16 Integrated Silicon Solution, Inc. Insertble and removable digital memory apparatus
US5815426A (en) 1996-08-13 1998-09-29 Nexcom Technology, Inc. Adapter for interfacing an insertable/removable digital memory apparatus to a host data part
US6026007A (en) 1996-08-13 2000-02-15 Integrated Silicon Solution, Inc. Insertable and removable high capacity digital memory apparatus and methods of operation thereof
US5790878A (en) 1996-08-23 1998-08-04 Apple Computer, Inc. System and method for recovering from a power failure within a digital camera device
US5991546A (en) 1996-09-17 1999-11-23 Cmd Technology, Inc. System and method for interfacing manually controllable input devices to a universal computer bus system
US6010066A (en) 1996-09-24 2000-01-04 Hitachi, Ltd. Portable terminal device with stackable IC cards slot opening
US5750973A (en) 1996-10-31 1998-05-12 The Whitaker Corporation Card reader
US6337712B1 (en) 1996-11-20 2002-01-08 Fuji Photo Film Company, Ltd. System for storing and utilizing picture image data recorded by digital camera
US5956473A (en) 1996-11-25 1999-09-21 Macronix International Co., Ltd. Method and system for managing a flash memory mass storage system
US5786769A (en) 1996-12-11 1998-07-28 International Business Machines Corporation Method and system for detecting the presence of adapter cards
US5844911A (en) 1996-12-12 1998-12-01 Cirrus Logic, Inc. Disc storage system with spare sectors dispersed at a regular interval around a data track to reduced access latency
US6279069B1 (en) 1996-12-26 2001-08-21 Intel Corporation Interface for flash EEPROM memory arrays
WO1998034218A2 (en) 1997-02-04 1998-08-06 Esther Russo Smartcard electromechanical acceptor device
US5928370A (en) 1997-02-05 1999-07-27 Lexar Media, Inc. Method and apparatus for verifying erasure of memory blocks within a non-volatile memory structure
US6311290B1 (en) 1997-02-14 2001-10-30 Intel Corporation Methods of reliably allocating, de-allocating, re-allocating, and reclaiming objects in a symmetrically blocked nonvolatile memory having a bifurcated storage architecture
US5905888A (en) 1997-02-19 1999-05-18 On Spec Electronic, Inc. Bootable redundant hard disk attached to a PC's parallel port with rom-address auto-detect and configure during BIOS scan
US6137710A (en) 1997-02-28 2000-10-24 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Connecting apparatus, and information processing apparatus
US6002605A (en) 1997-02-28 1999-12-14 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Connecting apparatus, and information processing apparatus
US6282612B1 (en) 1997-03-04 2001-08-28 Nec Corporation Removable memory device for portable terminal device
US6279061B1 (en) 1997-03-12 2001-08-21 Sony Corporation Data processing apparatus for modifying information data between two interfaces and using control data of one interface to control a second interface
US6202932B1 (en) 1997-04-02 2001-03-20 Juha Rapeli contactless coupling between a host unit and a smart card
US5887488A (en) 1997-04-16 1999-03-30 Imo Industries, Inc. Vehicular accelerator pedal apparatus
US6112014A (en) 1997-05-16 2000-08-29 Kane; Patrick Photocopy machine capable of storing and transmitting image data
US5995376A (en) 1997-05-20 1999-11-30 National Instruments Corporation Chassis which includes configurable slot 0 locations
US6190182B1 (en) 1997-05-28 2001-02-20 Gateway 2000, Inc. Piggy back PC card
US6088755A (en) 1997-06-04 2000-07-11 Sony Corporation External storage apparatus which can be connected to a plurality of electronic devices having different types of built-in interface without using a conversion adapter
US6088802A (en) 1997-06-04 2000-07-11 Spyrus, Inc. Peripheral device with integrated security functionality
US6006295A (en) 1997-06-05 1999-12-21 On Spec Electronic, Inc. Translator with selectable FIFO for universal hub cables for connecting a PC's PCMCIA or parallel ports to various peripherals using IDE/ATAPI, SCSI, or general I/O
US6164538A (en) 1997-06-05 2000-12-26 Nippon Conlux Co., Ltd. Apparatus and method for determining types of recorded data cards
JPH1115928A (en) 1997-06-19 1999-01-22 Hitachi Ltd Multi-adaptor for small pc card
WO1998059298A1 (en) 1997-06-25 1998-12-30 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for switching between source-synchronous and common clock data transfer modes in a multiple agent processing system
US6243686B1 (en) 1997-06-30 2001-06-05 Warner Music Group, Inc. Flash memory card adapter for stereo systems
US5964885A (en) 1997-07-14 1999-10-12 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for recovering text from a damaged electronic file
US6199122B1 (en) 1997-08-01 2001-03-06 Tokyo Electron Device Limited Computer system, external storage, converter system, and recording medium for converting a serial command and data standard to a parallel one
JPH1153485A (en) 1997-08-01 1999-02-26 Tokyo Electron Ltd Computer system, storage device, conversion system and storage medium
US5846092A (en) 1997-08-05 1998-12-08 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Plastic cased IC card adapter assembly
US20100138606A1 (en) 1997-08-08 2010-06-03 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Method for Controlling Non-Volatile Semiconductor Memory System
US5955722A (en) 1997-08-14 1999-09-21 A K Stamping Co. Inc. Smart card reader
US6173291B1 (en) 1997-09-26 2001-01-09 Powerquest Corporation Method and apparatus for recovering data from damaged or corrupted file storage media
US5930496A (en) 1997-09-26 1999-07-27 Compaq Computer Corporation Computer expansion slot and associated logic for automatically detecting compatibility with an expansion card
US6230226B1 (en) 1997-09-30 2001-05-08 Intel Corporation Compound device implementing hub and function endpoints on a single chip
US6145046A (en) 1997-11-18 2000-11-07 Shuttle Technology Group Ltd. Universal memory card interface apparatus
JPH11184985A (en) 1997-11-18 1999-07-09 Shuttle Technol Ltd Memory card interface device
US5928347A (en) 1997-11-18 1999-07-27 Shuttle Technology Group Ltd. Universal memory card interface apparatus
US6283376B1 (en) 1997-12-15 2001-09-04 Amphenol-Tuchel Electronics Gmbh Chip or smart card reader
US6067234A (en) 1997-12-22 2000-05-23 International Business Machines Corporation Adaptor connection apparatus for a data processing system
US6292863B1 (en) 1998-01-08 2001-09-18 Tdk Corporation PC card
US6658638B2 (en) 1998-01-09 2003-12-02 Jeng-Jye Shau Power saving methods for programmable logic arrays
US6102715A (en) 1998-02-10 2000-08-15 The Great American Gumball Corporation Personal computer peripheral device adapter
US6134114A (en) 1998-02-20 2000-10-17 Stocko Metallwarenfabriken Henkels Und Sohn Gmbh & Co Vertically assembled chip card reader
US6203378B1 (en) 1998-02-26 2001-03-20 Japan Solderless Terminal Mgf. Co., Ltd Card connecting adapter
US6108730A (en) 1998-02-27 2000-08-22 International Business Machines Corporation Memory card adapter insertable into a motherboard memory card socket comprising a memory card receiving socket having the same configuration as the motherboard memory card socket
US6182162B1 (en) 1998-03-02 2001-01-30 Lexar Media, Inc. Externally coupled compact flash memory card that configures itself one of a plurality of appropriate operating protocol modes of a host computer
US20020040412A1 (en) 1998-03-02 2002-04-04 Petro Estakhri Flash memory card with enhanced operating mode detection and user-friendly interfacing system
WO1999045461A2 (en) 1998-03-02 1999-09-10 Lexar Media, Inc. Improved compact flash memory card and interface
US6385667B1 (en) 1998-03-02 2002-05-07 Lexar Media, Inc. System for configuring a flash memory card with enhanced operating mode detection and user-friendly interfacing system
JPH11321019A (en) 1998-03-16 1999-11-24 Seiko Epson Corp Photo image printer
JPH11321020A (en) 1998-03-16 1999-11-24 Seiko Epson Corp Photo image printer
US6771322B1 (en) 1998-03-19 2004-08-03 Scm Microsystems Gmbh Interface device between a semiconductor storage medium for multimedia and a standard video terminal
WO1999048284A1 (en) 1998-03-19 1999-09-23 Scm Microsystems Gmbh Interface device between a semiconductor storage medium for multimedia and a standard video terminal
US6675233B1 (en) 1998-03-26 2004-01-06 O2 Micro International Limited Audio controller for portable electronic devices
US6075706A (en) 1998-04-07 2000-06-13 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. PC card for receiving chip card
US6061746A (en) 1998-04-30 2000-05-09 Compaq Computer Corporation Device bay system without 1394 PHY/Link interface to device bay controller having a software intercepting a GUID query and returning a stored unique identifier
US6173405B1 (en) 1998-05-29 2001-01-09 3Com Corporation Secure communications card modem and method of using same
US6179638B1 (en) 1998-06-09 2001-01-30 Hyosung Electronics Co., Ltd Connector for use in a card reader
US6176721B1 (en) 1998-06-15 2001-01-23 Molex Incorporated IC card connector
US6307538B1 (en) 1998-06-18 2001-10-23 Microsoft Corporation EMC enhanced peripheral device
US6460094B1 (en) 1998-07-08 2002-10-01 Microsoft Corporation Peripheral device configured to detect the type of interface to which it is connected and configuring itself accordingly
US6442734B1 (en) 1998-07-08 2002-08-27 Microsoft Corporation Method and apparatus for detecting the type of interface to which a peripheral device is connected
US5933328A (en) 1998-07-28 1999-08-03 Sandisk Corporation Compact mechanism for removable insertion of multiple integrated circuit cards into portable and other electronic devices
US6174188B1 (en) 1998-07-30 2001-01-16 Molex Incorporated IC card connector
US6062887A (en) 1998-08-31 2000-05-16 Motorola, Inc. Electronic device with dual card reader employing a drawer
EP0987876A2 (en) 1998-09-09 2000-03-22 Smartdisk Corporation Portable data transfer and mass storage device for removable memory modules
US6658202B1 (en) 1998-09-09 2003-12-02 Smartdisk Portable data transfer and mass storage device for removable memory modules
USD416541S (en) 1998-09-11 1999-11-16 Honda Tsushin Kogyo Co., Ltd. Connector receptacle for compact flash card
US6836885B1 (en) 1998-09-21 2004-12-28 Wyse Technology Inc. Method and apparatus for display of windowing application programs on a terminal
US6568960B2 (en) 1998-09-22 2003-05-27 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. Dual circuit card connector
US6170029B1 (en) 1998-09-30 2001-01-02 International Business Machines Corporation Voltage overshoot control in hot plug system
US6426801B1 (en) 1998-10-01 2002-07-30 Lexmark International, Inc. Printer apparatuses and methods for using the same
US6110576A (en) 1998-10-16 2000-08-29 Lucent Technologies Inc. Article comprising molded circuit
US6168077B1 (en) 1998-10-21 2001-01-02 Litronic, Inc. Apparatus and method of providing a dual mode card and reader
US6557754B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2003-05-06 Litronic, Inc. Apparatus and method of providing a dual mode card and reader
WO2000023936A1 (en) 1998-10-21 2000-04-27 Litronic, Inc. Apparatus and method of providing a dual mode card and reader
US20010016887A1 (en) 1998-11-04 2001-08-23 Toombs Thomas N. Voltage negotiation in a single host multiple cards system
US7177975B2 (en) 1998-11-04 2007-02-13 Sandisk Corporation Card system with erase tagging hierarchy and group based write protection
US6901457B1 (en) 1998-11-04 2005-05-31 Sandisk Corporation Multiple mode communications system
US6079621A (en) 1998-11-13 2000-06-27 Chrysalis-Its Inc. Secure card for E-commerce and identification
US6532152B1 (en) 1998-11-16 2003-03-11 Intermec Ip Corp. Ruggedized hand held computer
US6705529B1 (en) 1998-11-26 2004-03-16 Nokia Mobile Phones, Ltd. Data card holder and reader therefor
US6651149B1 (en) 1998-12-10 2003-11-18 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Data storage medium with certification data
JP2000181733A (en) 1998-12-16 2000-06-30 Murata Mach Ltd Method and device for data inspection based upon crc and recording medium
US6139338A (en) 1998-12-25 2000-10-31 Honda Tsushin Kogyo Co., Ltd. CF card adapter
US6701058B1 (en) 1998-12-28 2004-03-02 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Image capturing and recording system utilizing wireless communication and image transmission-reception method thereof
JP2000200652A (en) 1999-01-05 2000-07-18 Alps Electric Co Ltd Ic card connector
US7162547B2 (en) 1999-01-21 2007-01-09 J.S.T. Mfg., Co., Ltd. Card connection adaptor
US6408352B1 (en) 1999-01-21 2002-06-18 Japan Solderless Terminal Mfg. Co., Ltd Card connector adaptor with indicator
US20020032813A1 (en) 1999-01-21 2002-03-14 Taiji Hosaka Card connection adaptor
JP2000214970A (en) 1999-01-21 2000-08-04 Jst Mfg Co Ltd Adapter for card connection
US6109931A (en) 1999-01-22 2000-08-29 Honda Tsushin Kogyo Co., Ltd. CF card adapter
US6378015B1 (en) 1999-01-25 2002-04-23 George Yen Flash memory module comprising an IDE interface engageable in a vertical position perpendicular to a motherboard and having an IDE expansion slot
US20010039603A1 (en) 1999-01-29 2001-11-08 Neal Manowitz Device bay storing solid state memory cards
US6122175A (en) 1999-02-01 2000-09-19 Shieh; Ron-Yen Compact flash card adapter
JP2000235463A (en) 1999-02-17 2000-08-29 Casio Comput Co Ltd Removable media writing device and recording medium
US6412080B1 (en) 1999-02-23 2002-06-25 Microsoft Corporation Lightweight persistent storage system for flash memory devices
US6041001A (en) 1999-02-25 2000-03-21 Lexar Media, Inc. Method of increasing data reliability of a flash memory device without compromising compatibility
EP1037159A2 (en) 1999-03-11 2000-09-20 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd. Method and means for using additional cards in a mobile station
US6612498B1 (en) 1999-03-11 2003-09-02 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd. Method and means for using additional cards in a mobile station
US6427186B1 (en) 1999-03-30 2002-07-30 Frank (Fong-Long) Lin Memory, interface system and method for mapping logical block numbers to physical sector numbers in a flash memory, using a master index table and a table of physical sector numbers
US6405323B1 (en) 1999-03-30 2002-06-11 Silicon Storage Technology, Inc. Defect management for interface to electrically-erasable programmable read-only memory
US6567875B1 (en) 1999-04-05 2003-05-20 Opti, Inc. USB data serializer
US6628524B1 (en) 1999-04-07 2003-09-30 J. S. T. Mfg. Co., Ltd. Frame kit for IC card and IC card using the same
EP1043884A1 (en) 1999-04-09 2000-10-11 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Mobile memory device
US6285555B1 (en) 1999-04-13 2001-09-04 Dell Usa, L.P. Apparatus and method for mounting a peripheral device in a computer system
CN1278631A (en) 1999-04-23 2001-01-03 日本压着端子制造株式会社 Adaptor for connecting cards
US6264506B1 (en) 1999-04-23 2001-07-24 J.S.T. Mfg. Co., Ltd. Card connection adapter
US7036738B1 (en) 1999-05-03 2006-05-02 Microsoft Corporation PCMCIA-compliant smart card secured memory assembly for porting user profiles and documents
US6599147B1 (en) 1999-05-11 2003-07-29 Socket Communications, Inc. High-density removable expansion module having I/O and second-level-removable expansion memory
US6920517B2 (en) 1999-05-11 2005-07-19 Socket Communications, Inc. Nested removable-removable modules with game and media-player applications
US6353870B1 (en) 1999-05-11 2002-03-05 Socket Communications Inc. Closed case removable expansion card having interconnect and adapter circuitry for both I/O and removable memory
US6496381B1 (en) 1999-05-14 2002-12-17 Robert Bosch Gmbh Contact arrangement and counter-contact module
US6535997B1 (en) 1999-05-19 2003-03-18 International Business Machines Corporation Data integrity in smartcard transactions
US6404323B1 (en) 1999-05-25 2002-06-11 Varatouch Technology Incorporated Variable resistance devices and methods
US7019778B1 (en) 1999-06-02 2006-03-28 Eastman Kodak Company Customizing a digital camera
US6661454B1 (en) 1999-06-14 2003-12-09 Eastman Kodak Company Digital camera with memory card fullness icon
US7547234B2 (en) 1999-06-24 2009-06-16 Sandisk Corporation Memory card electrical contact structure
US20040062109A1 (en) 1999-06-24 2004-04-01 Wallace Robert F. Memory card electrical contact structure
JP2001022538A (en) 1999-07-07 2001-01-26 Mitsumi Electric Co Ltd Disk drive equipped with recording and reproducing function for semiconductor memory
JP2001022537A (en) 1999-07-07 2001-01-26 Mitsumi Electric Co Ltd Disk drive equipped with recording and reproducing function for semiconductor memory
US6402259B2 (en) 1999-07-14 2002-06-11 Goodrich Corporation Electromechanical braking system with power distribution and redundancy
WO2001006443A1 (en) 1999-07-15 2001-01-25 Thomson Licensing S.A. Method and apparatus for supporting two different types of integrated circuit cards with a single connector
US7062584B1 (en) 1999-07-15 2006-06-13 Thomson Licensing Method and apparatus for supporting two different types of integrated circuit cards with a single connector
US6315582B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2001-11-13 Mitsumi Electric Co., Ltd. Electronic device for connecting universal serial buss interface equipment
US6668077B1 (en) 1999-08-04 2003-12-23 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Color correcting relation extracting method and color correction method
US20040073736A1 (en) 1999-08-05 2004-04-15 Hyang-Kyun Oh Integrated PC Card host controller for the detection and operation of a plurality of expansion cards
US7191270B2 (en) 1999-08-05 2007-03-13 O2Micro International Limited Integrated PC Card host controller for the detection and operation of a plurality of expansion cards
US20020111771A1 (en) 1999-08-05 2002-08-15 Huang Yishao Max Integrated PC Card host controller for the detection and operation of a plurality of expansion cards
US6718274B2 (en) 1999-08-05 2004-04-06 2Micro International Limited Integrated PC Card host controller for the detection and operation of a plurality of expansion cards
US6470284B1 (en) 1999-08-05 2002-10-22 02 Micro International Limited Integrated PC card host controller for the detection and operation of a plurality of expansion cards
US6132223A (en) 1999-08-09 2000-10-17 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. PC adaptor card for IC stick
US6570767B1 (en) 1999-08-10 2003-05-27 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd. Card adapter
US6519739B1 (en) 1999-09-29 2003-02-11 Emc Corporation Fault detector
JP2000099206A (en) 1999-10-12 2000-04-07 Toshiba Corp External unit for computer
EP1146473A1 (en) 1999-11-08 2001-10-17 Yamaichi Electrics Co., Ltd. Card connector
US6663007B1 (en) 1999-11-15 2003-12-16 Kimpo Electronics, Inc. Common socket device for memory cards
US6385677B1 (en) 1999-11-22 2002-05-07 Li-Ho Yao Dual interface memory card and adapter module for the same
US6206710B1 (en) 1999-11-23 2001-03-27 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd. Card connector
US6722572B2 (en) 1999-12-01 2004-04-20 Fujitsu Limited Recording medium control method, data management apparatus, and recording medium
US6699061B2 (en) 1999-12-06 2004-03-02 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Card connector
US20010006400A1 (en) 1999-12-09 2001-07-05 Hiroaki Kubo Camera
US7038665B1 (en) 1999-12-10 2006-05-02 Nmb, U.S.A. Inc. Integrated USB input device
US20010004268A1 (en) 1999-12-14 2001-06-21 Hiroaki Kubo Digital camera
US20010019077A1 (en) 1999-12-28 2001-09-06 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd. Card reader
JP2000286564A (en) 2000-01-01 2000-10-13 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Electronic equipment
US6687778B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2004-02-03 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Peripheral device for information processing
US20080071978A1 (en) 2000-01-06 2008-03-20 Chow David Q Electronic data flash card with various flash memory cells
US7690031B2 (en) 2000-01-06 2010-03-30 Super Talent Electronics, Inc. Managing bad blocks in flash memory for electronic data flash card
US20070283428A1 (en) 2000-01-06 2007-12-06 Super Talent Electronics, Inc. Managing Bad Blocks In Flash Memory For Electronic Data Flash Card
US7236193B2 (en) 2000-01-11 2007-06-26 Fujifilm Corporation Apparatus and method to capture image and other data and recording onto multiple recording medium
US7126926B1 (en) 2000-01-14 2006-10-24 Symbol Technologies, Inc. Multi-tier wireless communications architecture, applications and methods
US6246578B1 (en) 2000-01-23 2001-06-12 Tzu Hsiang Wei Computer-dedicated auxiliary data access device
US20010009505A1 (en) 2000-01-25 2001-07-26 Hirotaka Nishizawa IC card
US6402529B2 (en) 2000-02-08 2002-06-11 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Card connector
US6601124B1 (en) 2000-02-14 2003-07-29 International Business Machines Corporation Universal interface for selectively coupling to a computer port type and method therefor
US6578125B2 (en) 2000-02-14 2003-06-10 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd. Memory access circuit and memory access control circuit
US20010014934A1 (en) 2000-02-14 2001-08-16 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd., Memory access circuit and memory access control circuit
US6247947B1 (en) 2000-02-18 2001-06-19 Thomas & Betts International, Inc. Memory card connector
US6842818B2 (en) 2000-03-08 2005-01-11 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electronic device with card interface
US6477604B1 (en) 2000-03-20 2002-11-05 Inventec Corporation Computer multi-bay devices compatible expansion module and its processing procedure
EP1139208A1 (en) 2000-03-29 2001-10-04 Power Quotientinternational Co., Ltd. Disk module of solid state
US20030172219A1 (en) 2000-04-11 2003-09-11 Li-Ho Yao Multi-interface memory card and adapter module for the same
US6658516B2 (en) 2000-04-11 2003-12-02 Li-Ho Yao Multi-interface memory card and adapter module for the same
EP1146428B1 (en) 2000-04-13 2008-01-23 A-DATA Technology Co., Ltd. Multi-interface memory card and adapter module for the same
US6808424B2 (en) 2000-04-18 2004-10-26 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Memory card installer
US20030109179A1 (en) 2000-04-18 2003-06-12 Tetsuya Kaneshiro Memory card installer
WO2001080171A1 (en) 2000-04-18 2001-10-25 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Memory card installer
EP1152426A2 (en) 2000-04-20 2001-11-07 Sony Corporation Adaptor device and input/output device
US6393524B1 (en) 2000-04-20 2002-05-21 International Business Machines Corporation Method and driver for sequential operation caching
US6482029B2 (en) 2000-04-27 2002-11-19 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Card connector
US6607405B2 (en) 2000-04-27 2003-08-19 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Multi-card card connector for multi-type cards
US6669487B1 (en) 2000-04-28 2003-12-30 Hitachi, Ltd. IC card
US20030112611A1 (en) 2000-04-28 2003-06-19 Hitachi, Ltd. IC card
US6735720B1 (en) 2000-05-31 2004-05-11 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for recovering a failed device on a master-slave bus
US6352445B2 (en) 2000-06-02 2002-03-05 Ddk Ltd. Connector for memory cards
US7885123B2 (en) 2000-06-22 2011-02-08 Stmicroelectronics S.R.L. Integrated circuit for memory card and memory card using the circuit
US6234844B1 (en) 2000-06-28 2001-05-22 Berg Technology, Inc. Electronic card connector
US7278051B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-10-02 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Field-operable, stand-alone apparatus for media recovery and regeneration
US6832281B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2004-12-14 Onspec Electronic Inc. Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC
US20080299809A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2008-12-04 Mcm Portfolio Llc Smartconnect flash card adapter
US20060253636A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2006-11-09 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Flash toaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC
US20070180177A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-08-02 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash-memory cards with or without a PC
WO2002005102A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2002-01-17 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a pc
US7222205B2 (en) * 2000-07-06 2007-05-22 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash-memory cards with or without a PC
US7095618B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2006-08-22 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Smartconnect universal flash media card adapters
US7412552B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2008-08-12 Mcm Portfolio Llc Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash-memory cards, with or without a PC
US20090100207A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2009-04-16 Mcm Portfolio Llc Memory Card Reader to Provide Access to Multiple Memory Card Types
US20030041203A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2003-02-27 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash-memory cards with or without a PC
US20030041284A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2003-02-27 Sreenath Mambakkam Field-operable, stand-alone apparatus for media recovery and regeneration
US6839864B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2005-01-04 Onspec Electronic Inc. Field-operable, stand-alone apparatus for media recovery and regeneration
US20080017718A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2008-01-24 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Memory Module Which Includes a Form Factor Connector
US7522424B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2009-04-21 Mcm Portfolio Llc SmartConnect universal flash media card adapters
US6859369B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2005-02-22 Onspec Electronic Inc. Smartuniversal flash media card adapters
US6438638B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2002-08-20 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash-memory cards with or without a PC
US20080009196A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2008-01-10 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Smartconnect universal flash media card adapters
US7252240B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-08-07 Onspec Electronics, Inc. Memory module which includes a form factor connector
US20070288677A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-12-13 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Field-Operable, Stand-Alone Apparatus for Media Recovery and Regeneration
EP2085887A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2009-08-05 MCM Portfolio LLC Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC
US20050273648A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2005-12-08 Sreenath Mambakkam Field-operable, stand-alone apparatus for media recovery and regeneration
US20030084221A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2003-05-01 Jones Larry Lawson Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC
US20070283069A1 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-12-06 Technology Properties Limited Flashtoaster for Reading Several Types of Flash-Memory Cards, With or Without a PC
US7295443B2 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-11-13 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Smartconnect universal flash media card adapters
US7493437B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2009-02-17 Mcm Portfolio Llc Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC
US6824063B1 (en) 2000-08-04 2004-11-30 Sandisk Corporation Use of small electronic circuit cards with different interfaces in an electronic system
WO2002013021A2 (en) 2000-08-04 2002-02-14 Sandisk Corporation Use of small electronic circuit cards with different interfaces in an electronic system
US6820148B1 (en) 2000-08-17 2004-11-16 Sandisk Corporation Multiple removable non-volatile memory cards serially communicating with a host
US20040215862A1 (en) 2000-08-17 2004-10-28 Yoram Cedar Multiple removable non-volatile memory cards serially communicating with a host
US6725286B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2004-04-20 Sony Corporation Information-processing apparatus, information-processing method, memory card and program storage medium
US7107378B1 (en) 2000-09-01 2006-09-12 Sandisk Corporation Cooperative interconnection and operation of a non-volatile memory card and an input-output card
US6317352B1 (en) 2000-09-18 2001-11-13 Intel Corporation Apparatus for implementing a buffered daisy chain connection between a memory controller and memory modules
US6468101B2 (en) 2000-10-11 2002-10-22 Kel Corporation Card connector
US6261113B1 (en) 2000-11-10 2001-07-17 Hon Hai Precision Ind, Co., Ltd. Electrical connector having improved arrangement of terminals
US20020065001A1 (en) 2000-11-27 2002-05-30 Kinpo Electronics, Inc. Joint socket device for memory cards
US6386920B1 (en) 2000-11-27 2002-05-14 Kinpo Electronics, Inc. Joint socket device for memory cards
US6595803B2 (en) 2000-11-28 2003-07-22 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Card connector
US20020065106A1 (en) 2000-11-30 2002-05-30 Avx Corporation Electronic device with card reader and connector assembly
US6390855B1 (en) 2000-12-01 2002-05-21 Jess-Link Products Co., Ltd. Expansion slot adapter for a palm held computer
US20020069363A1 (en) 2000-12-05 2002-06-06 Winburn Michael Lee System and method for data recovery and protection
US7020739B2 (en) 2000-12-06 2006-03-28 Tdk Corporation Memory controller, flash memory system having memory controller and method for controlling flash memory device
US20020078458A1 (en) 2000-12-19 2002-06-20 Eastman Kodak Company Remote processing and distribution of images in kiosks
US20020078297A1 (en) 2000-12-20 2002-06-20 Katsumi Toyama Memory card drive and portable memory card drive
US6746280B1 (en) 2001-01-22 2004-06-08 Tai-Sol Electronics Co., Ltd. Signal adapter for memory card
US20020113119A1 (en) 2001-02-20 2002-08-22 Sony Corporation And Sony Electronics Inc. Universal adaptor for connecting additional modules and peripherals to an electronic host device and methods of making and using same
US20040030830A1 (en) 2001-02-26 2004-02-12 Tokyo Electron Device Limited Storage medium control method, storage medium control device, and storage medium adaptor
US7033221B2 (en) 2001-03-09 2006-04-25 Itt Manufacturing Enterprise, Inc. Connector for high capacity smart cards
US6684283B1 (en) 2001-03-13 2004-01-27 Texas Instruments Incorporated Method for interfacing a cardbay card to the host system by indicating a 16-bit or cardbus PC card insertion to host software
US6402558B1 (en) 2001-03-13 2002-06-11 Ritek Corporation Memory card adapter
US6945461B1 (en) 2001-03-30 2005-09-20 3Com Corporation Compact multifunction card for electronic devices
US20020166009A1 (en) 2001-05-03 2002-11-07 Power Quotient International Co., Ltd. USB interface flash memory card reader with a built-in flash memory
US6654841B2 (en) 2001-05-03 2003-11-25 Power Quotient International Company, Inc. USB interface flash memory card reader with a built-in flash memory
US6754765B1 (en) 2001-05-14 2004-06-22 Integrated Memory Logic, Inc. Flash memory controller with updateable microcode
US7320071B1 (en) 2001-05-22 2008-01-15 National Semiconductor Corporation Secure universal serial bus
US20020178307A1 (en) 2001-05-25 2002-11-28 Pua Khein Seng Multiple memory card adapter
US20020185533A1 (en) 2001-06-06 2002-12-12 Ron-Yen Shieh Externally connection type USB2.0 interface flash card reader
DE20109810U1 (en) 2001-06-13 2001-08-23 Datafab Sys Inc External Flash Memory Card Reader with USB 2.0 interface
US7365782B2 (en) 2001-06-27 2008-04-29 Sony Corporation Image pickup device and method for enabling switching between a first recording medium and a second recording medium
EP1688864A1 (en) 2001-06-27 2006-08-09 ePoint Group Limited Multi input memory device reader
US6699053B2 (en) 2001-07-12 2004-03-02 Alps Electric Co., Ltd. Card connector apparatus capable of receiving different kinds of cards
US6641413B2 (en) 2001-07-12 2003-11-04 Alps Electric Co., Ltd. Card connector apparatus capable of receiving plural kinds of cards
JP2002157056A (en) 2001-07-16 2002-05-31 Jst Mfg Co Ltd Card connecting adaptor
US6607707B2 (en) 2001-08-15 2003-08-19 Ovonic Battery Company, Inc. Production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons and oxygenated hydrocarbons
US20030038177A1 (en) 2001-08-21 2003-02-27 Neil Morrow Passive flash media adapter system
JP2003178269A (en) 2001-08-21 2003-06-27 O 2 Micro Inc Passive flash media adapter system
US7065591B2 (en) 2001-08-21 2006-06-20 O2Micro International Limited Reconfigurable flash media reader system
US6941405B2 (en) 2001-08-21 2005-09-06 02Micro International Limited System and method capable of offloading converter/controller-specific tasks to a system microprocessor
US6751694B2 (en) 2001-08-29 2004-06-15 Carry Computer Eng. Co., Ltd. Silicon disk drive with few slots for plural disks
US20030046469A1 (en) 2001-08-29 2003-03-06 Wen-Tsung Liu Silicon disk drive with few slots for plural disks
US6490163B1 (en) 2001-08-30 2002-12-03 Phison Electronic Corp. Computer readable portable data storage device
US6973535B2 (en) 2001-09-14 2005-12-06 Cornice, Inc. Digital device configuration and method
US20030056050A1 (en) 2001-09-14 2003-03-20 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Card device
US20030060085A1 (en) 2001-09-15 2003-03-27 Kenneth Reece Circuit board IC card connector
US20030070112A1 (en) 2001-10-08 2003-04-10 Lila York Stored data recovery system
US20030074529A1 (en) 2001-10-11 2003-04-17 Henri Crohas Bulk storage method and system and autonomous portable bulk storage unit used in such a system
US7162549B2 (en) 2001-10-29 2007-01-09 Onspec Electronics, Inc. Multimode controller for intelligent and “dumb” flash cards
US20030093606A1 (en) 2001-10-29 2003-05-15 Sreenath Mambakkam Multimode controller for intelligent and "dumb" flash cards
US6984152B2 (en) 2001-10-30 2006-01-10 Texas Instruments Incorporated Multifunction passive socket for flash media cards
US20030082961A1 (en) 2001-10-30 2003-05-01 Keith Mowery Multifunction passive socket for flash media cards
US20030084220A1 (en) 2001-11-01 2003-05-01 Jones Larry Lawson Active adapter chip for use in a flash card reader
US20030088868A1 (en) 2001-11-06 2003-05-08 Chang Robert C. Implementation of in system programming to update firmware on memory cards
US20030167376A1 (en) 2001-11-13 2003-09-04 Daesung Digital Tech Co., Ltd. Portable storage medium based on universal serial bus standard and control method therefor
US6522552B1 (en) 2001-11-16 2003-02-18 Power Quotient International Co., Ltd. Wireless memory card reader
US6738259B2 (en) 2001-11-19 2004-05-18 Imation Corp. Apparatus supporting multiple memory card formats
US20030095386A1 (en) 2001-11-19 2003-05-22 Imation Corp. Apparatus supporting multiple memory card formats
US20030156303A1 (en) 2001-11-21 2003-08-21 Metrologic Instruments, Inc. Planar light illumination and linear imaging (PLILIM) device with image-based velocity detection and aspect ratio compensation
US20030095194A1 (en) 2001-11-22 2003-05-22 Konica Corporation Electronic apparatus having function of accommodating accessory devices
US6780062B2 (en) 2001-11-29 2004-08-24 Carry Computer Eng., Co., Ltd. Multi-specification read/write signal transmission module for silicon disks
US6561421B1 (en) 2001-12-14 2003-05-13 Li-Ya Yu Universal serial bus card reader
US6540523B1 (en) 2001-12-19 2003-04-01 I/O Interconnect Inc. Connection base assembly for memory cards and a detector thereof
US20030129944A1 (en) 2001-12-21 2003-07-10 Chang Matthew C. T. System and method of monitoring and controlling a remote device
US20030116624A1 (en) 2001-12-24 2003-06-26 Winbond Electronics Corp. Memory card reading device
US7038696B2 (en) 2002-01-04 2006-05-02 Hewlett-Packard Development Company Method and apparatus for implementing color graphics on a remote computer
US20030133270A1 (en) 2002-01-08 2003-07-17 Carry Computer Eng. Co., Ltd. Embedding type signal adapter for memory cards
US6725291B2 (en) 2002-01-18 2004-04-20 Key Technology Corporation Detection method used in adaptor capable of inserting various kinds of memory cards
US6792501B2 (en) 2002-01-31 2004-09-14 Phision Electronic Corp Universal serial bus flash memory integrated circuit device
US7206970B1 (en) 2002-02-07 2007-04-17 Network Appliance, Inc. System and method for diagnostics execution and data capture in a storage system using nonvolatile memory
US7231643B1 (en) 2002-02-22 2007-06-12 Lexar Media, Inc. Image rescue system including direct communication between an application program and a device driver
US20070180291A1 (en) 2002-02-22 2007-08-02 Galbo Neal A Image rescue
US7594064B2 (en) 2002-02-27 2009-09-22 Microsoft Corporation Free sector manager for data stored in flash memory devices
US20030172263A1 (en) 2002-03-07 2003-09-11 Wen-Tsung Liu Passive adapter for portable memory cards
US20030168511A1 (en) 2002-03-07 2003-09-11 Chia-Hsun Lin Card reader system for installed in a personal computer
US6524137B1 (en) 2002-03-15 2003-02-25 Carry Computer Eng. Co., Ltd. Integral multiplex adapter card
US20030178486A1 (en) 2002-03-20 2003-09-25 Power Quotient International Co., Ltd. Mobile memory card reader and a fixing base thereof
US6806559B2 (en) 2002-04-22 2004-10-19 Irvine Sensors Corporation Method and apparatus for connecting vertically stacked integrated circuit chips
US20030201322A1 (en) 2002-04-29 2003-10-30 Mei-Ching Wu Adapter of compact flash memory card for various types of flash memory card
US20040042323A1 (en) 2002-05-31 2004-03-04 Masoud Moshayedi Removable storage device
US6612492B1 (en) 2002-06-06 2003-09-02 Chant Sincere Co., Ltd. Four-in-one memory card insertion port
US6886057B2 (en) 2002-06-06 2005-04-26 Dell Products L.P. Method and system for supporting multiple bus protocols on a set of wirelines
US20030229745A1 (en) 2002-06-07 2003-12-11 Hsuan-Ming Shih Driver for non-volatile solid-state memory
US20030229746A1 (en) 2002-06-07 2003-12-11 Wen-Tsung Liu Common connector for memory cards and switching arbitration method for shared pins of a connector
US6688521B2 (en) 2002-07-01 2004-02-10 Kingbyte Information Corp. Card reader separable from host machine
US7000054B2 (en) 2002-07-19 2006-02-14 Bill Kwong Switch for an electronic apparatus
US6681991B1 (en) 2002-07-25 2004-01-27 E Fly Solutions Company Card reading device having a multi-functional connector
US6745267B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2004-06-01 Carry Computer Eng. Co., Ltd. Multi-functional mini-memory card suitable for SFMI and USB interfaces
US7809866B2 (en) 2002-08-12 2010-10-05 Carry Computer Engineering Company, Limited Double interface SD flash memory card
US20040027879A1 (en) 2002-08-12 2004-02-12 Chang Cheng Chun Flash card reader
US6915956B2 (en) 2002-08-12 2005-07-12 Carry Computer Eng. Co., Ltd. Universal flash memory card bank structure
US7093161B1 (en) 2002-08-16 2006-08-15 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Software recovery method for flash media with defective formatting
US20060242460A1 (en) 2002-08-16 2006-10-26 Sreenath Mambakkam Software recovery method for flash media with defective formatting
US6830474B2 (en) 2002-08-16 2004-12-14 Carry Computer Eng Co. Ltd. Common connector with embedded pins
US6642614B1 (en) 2002-08-21 2003-11-04 Teconn Electronics, Inc. Multi-functional memory chip connector
US6761313B2 (en) 2002-08-28 2004-07-13 Carry Computer Eng. Co., Ltd. XD memory card adapter
US20040044864A1 (en) 2002-08-30 2004-03-04 Cavallo Joseph S. Data storage
US20040061780A1 (en) 2002-09-13 2004-04-01 Huffman David A. Solid-state video surveillance system
US20040059782A1 (en) 2002-09-20 2004-03-25 American Megatrends, Inc. Systems and methods for establishing interaction between a local computer and a remote computer
WO2004027617A1 (en) 2002-09-23 2004-04-01 Onspec Electronics, Inc. Field-operable, stand-alone apparatus for media recovery and regeneration
US20040063464A1 (en) 2002-09-30 2004-04-01 Tahir Akram High-speed data and power source interface cable for mobile devices
US20040060988A1 (en) 2002-09-30 2004-04-01 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Memory card
US6666724B1 (en) 2002-10-23 2003-12-23 Tai-Sol Electronics, Co., Ltd. Multi-purpose card connector
US7367503B2 (en) 2002-11-13 2008-05-06 Sandisk Corporation Universal non-volatile memory card used with various different standard cards containing a memory controller
US7114659B2 (en) 2002-11-13 2006-10-03 Sandisk Corporation Universal non-volatile memory card used with various different standard cards containing a memory controller
US6859361B1 (en) 2002-11-15 2005-02-22 Onspec Electronic Inc. Flash media reading devices with integrated storage compartments
US20040110423A1 (en) 2002-11-28 2004-06-10 Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd. Card connector
US20040106326A1 (en) 2002-11-28 2004-06-03 Wen-Tsung Liu Card switch device
US6761320B1 (en) 2003-03-03 2004-07-13 Kingconn Technology Co., Ltd. Connector structure for multi-storage media
US6880024B2 (en) 2003-06-12 2005-04-12 Phison Electronics Corp. Control system for memory storage device having two different interfaces
US20050026505A1 (en) 2003-07-31 2005-02-03 Kiyoshi Washino Connector
US6863572B1 (en) 2003-08-19 2005-03-08 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd. Electrical connector with shock support
US6857907B1 (en) 2003-11-25 2005-02-22 Data Fab Systems, Inc. Electrical connector adapted for use with first and second electronic cards
US7152801B2 (en) 2004-04-16 2006-12-26 Sandisk Corporation Memory cards having two standard sets of contacts
US7114993B2 (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-10-03 Kingconn Technology Co., Ltd. Multipurpose memory card adapter
US20060059385A1 (en) 2004-09-02 2006-03-16 Atri Sunil R Volatile storage based power loss recovery mechanism
US20060050155A1 (en) 2004-09-02 2006-03-09 Ing Stephen S Video camera sharing
US20080220654A1 (en) 2007-03-09 2008-09-11 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd. Card edge connector

Non-Patent Citations (155)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
"Microtouch Smart Media to PCMCIA Adapter Product Sheet", Jun. 5, 2000.
Actiontec, "CameraConnect Pro Parallel Port Flash Card Reader User's Manual", Oct. 28, 1999, pp. 1-29.
Actiontec, "CameraConnect Pro", Oct. 29, 1998, p. 1.
Alcor Micro Corp., "AU9331 USB.Secure Digital Card Reader Technical Reference Manual, Rev. 1.2", 2002.
Alcor Micro Corp., "AU9331 USB•Secure Digital Card Reader Technical Reference Manual, Rev. 1.2", 2002.
Alcor Micro Corp., "AU9360 USB Multiple Slots Flash Memory Card Reader Controller TRM, Datasheet Revision 1.2", Mar. 26, 2003.
Anne-Bide Stensgaard, "Imation launches FlashGOI in the Middle East", www.ameinfo.com, Mar. 11, 2002.
Antec, Inc., "PhotoChute3 USB", Apr. 26, 1999, pp. 1-18.
Atmel Corporation, "Atmel 32-bit Embedded ASIC Core Peripheral: Multimedia Card Interface (MCI) Datasheet", Dec. 2001.
Atmel Corporation, "Atmel AT8xC51SNDIA Design Guide", 2002.
Atmel, "Atmel Multimedia Card Interface Datasheet, 2001", 2001.
Atmel, "Multimedia Card Interface Datasheet", 2001.
Burge, Legand L., et al., "A Ubiquitous Stable Storage for Mobile Computing Devices", Mar. 2001, pp. 401-404, Publisher: ACM, Proceedings of the 2001 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing.
Business Wire, "Addonics Technologies Announces Internal Seven-in-One Flash MC Reader for Any Computer With a 3.5-unch Drive Bay", Mar. 26, 2002.
Byrds Research & Publishing, Ltd, "Review of MindStor PSS-1705", iXBT Labs (http://ixbtlabs.com/articles/mindstor/index.html), Apr. 26, 2002.
Cade Metz, "Review of LaCie Hexa Media Drive", PCMAG.COM (http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,3898,00.asp), Jun. 30, 2002.
CNET, "Review of Toshiba MEA-110", CNET Reviews, Aug. 18, 2001.
CompactFlash Association, "CF+ and CompactFlash Specification; Rev. 1.4, 6 pages", Jul. 1999.
CQ Publishing of Japan, "Interface (article and English translation)", Dec. 1, 1999, pp. 52-131.
CSM GmbH, "OmniDrive Specification Sheet", Dec. 11, 2001, pp. 1-2.
Cypress, "Cypress SL11Ride USB to IDE/ATAPI Solution Data Sheet", Nov. 30, 2001.
DataFab Systems, Inc., "DataFab Systems Inc., Leading in Portable Storage Systems, Is Now Offering Dual-Slot CompactFlash and SmartMedia Card Reader," Sep. 10, 1999.
DataRescue sa/nv, Inc., "DataRescue Home Page, located at http://web.archive.org/web/20010722191109/http://datarescue.com", Jul. 22, 2001, p. 1.
DataRescue sa/nv, Inc., "DataRescue PhotoRescue Specifications, located at http://web.archive.org/web/20010827073251/www.datarescue.com/photoresc", Aug. 27, 2001, pp. 1-2.
DataRescue sa/nv, Inc., "Photo Rescue User's Guide ", 2001, pp. 1-8, vol. rev.1.0.
Delkin Devices, "eFilm Reader-18 User's Manual Rev 1.0 (Delkin Part No. DDREADER-18)", 2002, pp. 1-12.
Delkin Devices, "eFilm Reader-5 User's Manual, Rev 1.2 (Delkin Part No. DDREADER-05)", 2000, pp. 1-12.
Digital Photography Review, "Microtech unveil ZiO!, Review of ZiO! Reader", Retrieved from http://www.dpreview.com/news/2000/6/27/microtechzio, Jun. 27, 2000.
Digital Photography Review, "Review of Dazzle Six in One USB card reader", (Retrieved from http://www.dpreview.com/news/2001/10/24/dazzle6in1), Oct. 24, 2001.
Digital Photography Review, "Viking Announce IntelliFlash USB Flash Memory Reader", (Retrieved from http://www.dpreview.com/news/2000/3/21/viking), Mar. 21, 2000.
Digitalway Co., Ltd., "MPIO FL 100 User's Guide", Dec. 2002, pp. 1-48.
EDN, "Computers & Peripherals, 43, 23; ProQuest", Nov. 5, 1998, p. 244.
eMedia Asia Ltd., "TaiSol connector supports various media cards", EE Times Asia (http://www.eetasia.com/ART—8800226933—499491—NP—eb07bea3.HTM), Apr. 23, 2002.
Epinions.com, "Review of SmartDisk Dazzle 6-in-1 Reader (DM-8400)-The Dazzle DM-8400 Univeral Flash Card Reader-A Jack of All Trade", (http://www.epinions.com/review/cmhd-Components-All-SIX-IN-ONE-READER-W-DVD-S-W-DM8400/content-67507687044?sb=1), Jun. 20, 2002.
Epinions.com, "Review of SmartDisk Dazzle 6-in-1 Reader (DM-8400)—The Dazzle DM-8400 Univeral Flash Card Reader—A Jack of All Trade", (http://www.epinions.com/review/cmhd-Components-All-SIX—IN—ONE—READER—W—DVD—S—W—DM8400/content—67507687044?sb=1), Jun. 20, 2002.
Epson America, Inc., "Epson Stylus Photo 825 Ink Jet Printer, Printer Basics Guide", Jul. 2002, pp. 1-114.
Fujitsu, FR30 32-bit Microcontroller MB91101/MB91101A Hardware Manual, Fujitsu Semiconductor Controller Manual, Jan. 27, 2000.
Galbraith, Rob, "Building the Ultimate Photo Recovery Kit, located at http://www.robgalbraith.com/bins/content-page.asp?cid=7-4419-4501", Jan. 23, 2002, pp. 1-20.
Galbraith, Rob, "Building the Ultimate Photo Recovery Kit, located at http://www.robgalbraith.com/bins/content—page.asp?cid=7-4419-4501", Jan. 23, 2002, pp. 1-20.
Genesys Logic, Inc., "GL813-USB2.0 CompactFlash Card Reader Controller Specification 1.2", Apr. 12, 2002.
Genesys Logic, Inc., "GL816-USB2.0 CompactFlash Card Reader Controller", Sep. 20, 2002.
Harper, "Electronic Packaging and Interconnection Handbook, 2nd Ed.", 1997, p. 3.25.
Haruji Ishihara, "High-Density Flash Memory and Flash Memory Card", Hitachi Review, 1998, vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 148-153.
Hewlett Packard, "HP Jornada 600 Series Handheld PC Quick Start Guide", 1999, pp. 1-2.
Hiroshi, Takeyama et al., "The favorite of next generation IC card, fundamental and application of multimedia card usage [First]", Inteface Magazine, May 1, 2000, vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 166-174.
Hiroshi, Takeyama et al., "The favorite of next generation IC card, fundamental and application of multimedia card usage [Second]", Inteface Magazine, Jun. 1, 2000, vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 178-188.
Hyundai, "HMS31C2816 FC Controller Specification ver. 1.0", System IC SBU, SP BU, MCU Business Division, IDA Team, 2001.
Ian Burley, "Review of OmniFlash Uno Mas Universal Card Reader", Digital Photography Now, (Retrieved from http://dpnow.com/vintage/Features/Peripheral-reviews/perif2/perif2.html), Mar. 6, 2002.
Ian Burley, "Review of OmniFlash Uno Mas Universal Card Reader", Digital Photography Now, (Retrieved from http://dpnow.com/vintage/Features/Peripheral—reviews/perif2/perif2.html), Mar. 6, 2002.
Impress R&D, "Product Overview of MEA110 Mobile Audio Player (Japanese)", Apr. 22, 2000.
Integrated Circuit Solution Inc., "IC1210-F128LQ-USB2.0 All-In-One Flash Card Reader Controller", 2002.
Integrated Circuit Solution Inc., "IC1210-F128LQ—USB2.0 All-In-One Flash Card Reader Controller", 2002.
Intel Corp., "Intel PXA250 and PXA210 Applications Processors: Electrical, Mechanical, and Thermal Specification Datasheet", Feb. 2002, pp. 1-46.
Intel Corp., "Using SDCard and SDIO with the Intel PXA250 Applications Processor MMC Controller Application Note", Feb. 2002, pp. 1-16.
Intel Corporation, "PXA250 Datasheet", 2002.
Intel Corporation, "PXA250 MMC Controller Application Note", 2002.
Intel, "PXA250 Datasheet", 2002.
Inv. No. 337-TA-841, Order Construing the Terms of the Asserted Claims of the Patents at ISSE, dated Oct. 4, 2012.
Inv. No. 337-TA-841, Respondents' Notice of Prior Art, dated Aug. 31, 2012.
Investigation No. 337-TA-841, "Complainant Technology Properties Limited LLC's Opening Claim Construction Brief", Aug. 3, 2012.
Investigation No. 337-TA-841, "Complainant Technology Properties Limited LLC's Responsive Claim Construction Brief", Jul. 23, 2012.
Jason Cox , "Review of Microtech ZiO USB CompactFlash Card Reader", PCWorld (Retrieved from http://www.pcworld.com/product/407107/microtech-zio-usb-compactflash-card-reader-rating.html?p=review), Feb. 1, 2001.
Jason Cox , "Review of Microtech ZiO USB CompactFlash Card Reader", PCWorld (Retrieved from http://www.pcworld.com/product/407107/microtech—zio—usb—compactflash—card—reader—rating.html?p=review), Feb. 1, 2001.
Jeff Keller, "DCRP Review: Panasonic ipalm PV-DC3000", Digital Camera Resource Page (http://www.dcresource.com/reviews/panasonic/dc3000-review/), Nov. 9, 2000.
Kim, Jesung, et al., "A Space-Efficient Flash Translation Layer for Compactflash Systems", IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, May 2002, vol. 48 No. 2 pp. 366-376.
Kyocera, "Instruction Manual for Kyocera Finecam S3 (Japanese)", available at least by Jun. 2001, pp. 1-91.
Lexar Media Web Pages, "Parallel Port, Universal Readers, FAQ, Jumpshot", Jun. 5, 2000.
Lexmark International, Inc., "Service Manual for 5000 and 5700 Color Jetprinter & 5770 Photo Jetprinter", Oct. 2000.
M. Wiley, "Panasonic ipalm PV-DC3000 Review", (http://www.ign.com/articles/2001/10/12/panasonic-ipalm-pv-dc3000-review), IGN Entertainment, Inc., Oct. 12, 2001.
M2 Presswire, "New Sitecom intetnal Multi-Memory Reader/Writer offers easy transfer of flash media data", Aug. 1, 2002.
Microtech International, Inc., "Instruction Manual for ZiO card reader (available through Kyocera as SDR-1)", Jun. 2001.
Microtech International, Inc., "Microtech Digital Photography Solutions", Feb. 26, 2000, pp. 1-2.
Microtech International, Inc., "Microtech PCD-47 SCSI Digital Film Reader", May 24, 2000, pp. 1-2.
Microtech International, Inc., "PCD-47 User's Manual, Version 1.1", May 24, 2000, pp. 1-35.
Microtech International, Inc., "Press Release: Microtech Delivers Industry's First 3 Slot SCSI Digital Film Reader", Jan. 5, 2000, pp. 1-2.
Microtech International, Inc., "Press Release: Microtech USB CameraMate Supports IBM Microdrive", Feb. 18, 1999, pp. 1-3.
MMCA Technical Committee, "MultiMediaCard System Specification Version 2.11 Official Release", Jun. 1999 pp. 1-123.
MMCA Technical Committee, "The MultiMediaCard System Summary, Based onSystem Specification Version 2.2", Jan. 2000, pp. 1-27.
Motorola, Inc. "MPC8260 Power QUICC II—User's Manual", Apr. 1999, pp. 1-490.
Motorola, Inc. "MPC8260 Power QUICC II—User's Manual", Apr. 1999, pp. 491-1006.
Nan Barber, "The Aisle Less Traveled: A Macworld Expo Floor Report", MacDevCenter (http://www.macdevcenter.com/), O'Reilly Media, Inc., Jul. 18, 2002.
Neodio Technologies Corporation, "ND3060-Multi-Format Card Reader/Writer Controller with USB Interface Specification", Apr. 4, 2001.
Neodio Technologies Corporation, "ND3060—Multi-Format Card Reader/Writer Controller with USB Interface Specification", Apr. 4, 2001.
Ngee, MokHeng, "Put it in the Bin", Computer Times, COMPTI, Aug. 28, 2002.
Olympus Optical Co.,Ltd., "Olympus Announces the Innovative 2.5 Megapixel C-2500L SLR Filmless Digital Camera", Aug. 24, 1999.
Olympus Optical Co.,Ltd., "Olympus C-2500L Filmless Digital Camera Datasheet", 1999.
Olympus Optical Co.,Ltd., "Olympus Camedia FlashPath Floppydisk Adapter MAFP-IE User's Manual", Dec. 2000.
Olympus Optical Co.,Ltd., "Olympus Document No. 2679: C-2500L FAQ's", May 26, 2000.
Olympus Optical Co.,Ltd., "Press Releases: Olympus Announces 32MB SmartMedia Card", Jun. 4, 1999.
Onspec Electronic, Inc., "Supplementary Search Report for EP Application No. 01952974.2, 3 pages", Sep. 21, 2004.
Ontrack Data International, Inc., "EasyRecovery Professional Edition User Guide", 2000, pp. 1-45.
Panasonic, "PV-DC3000 Operating Instructions", Sep. 25, 2000, pp. 1-63.
Peter Cohen, "Microtech ZiO! Works with Secure Digital Cards", Mac Publishing, LLC., Macworld.com (Retreived from http://www.macworld.com/article/1017398/zio.html), May 7, 2001.
Phil Askey, "CARDport Swift Syncro (http://www.dpreview.com/reviews/chaseswiftsyncro)", Digital Photography Review, Aug. 2000.
Samsung Electronics Memory Product & Technology Division, "Flash / SmartMedia File System Presentation", Feb. 2, 2000.
Samsung Electronics Memory Product & Technology Division, "Samsung presentation, SmartMedia Format Introduction (Software considerations)", Jul. 17, 1999.
Samsung Electronics, "Samsung's ATA Flash Controllers Reference Design Manual", Jan. 23, 2001.
Samsung Memory Product & Technology Division, "NAND/SmartMedia Technical Solution", Sep. 21, 2000.
Samsung Memory Product & Technology Division, "SmartMedia Application", Mar. 15, 2000.
Samsung, "Application Note for NAND Flash Memory", 1999.
Samsung, "K9D1208V0A-SSB0 Datasheet", 2001.
Samsung, "K9S1208V0M-SSB0 Datasheet", 2001.
Samsung, "SmartMedia White Paper", 2000.
SanDisk Corporation, "SanDisk MultiMedia Card Product Manual Rev 2", 2000, pp. 1-86.
SanDisk Corporation, "SmartMedia 32 Mbyte Product Manual Rev 1.1", 2001, pp. 1-54.
SCM Microsystems Inc., "Dazzle 6-in-1 Reader User's Manual", 2002, pp. 1-59.
SCM Microsystems, "PC Card Reader/Writer PCD-47/PCD-47BH User's Manual, ver. 1.0", May 1, 1999, pp. 1-35.
SCM Microsystems, "PC Card Reader/Writer PCD-47/PCD-47BH", May 1, 1999, pp. 1-35.
SCM Microsystems, "SCSI Interface: PCD-47 series" (archived from www.scmmicro.com), May 1, 1999, pp. 1-2.
SD Association, "SD Card Specification, Simplified Version of: Part E1, Secure Digital Input/Output (SDIO) Card Specification", Oct. 2001.
SD Association, "SD Memory Card File System Test Specification for SD Host Products, Version 1.0", Aug. 2001.
SD Group, "SD Memory Card Simplified Specifications, Part 1 Physical Layer Specification, Version 0.96", Jan. 2000, pp. 1-28.
SD Group, "SD Memory Card Specifications, Part 1, Physical Layer Specification, Version 1.0", Mar. 2000.
SD Group, "Supplementary Notes for: SD Memory Card Specifications, Part 1, Physical Layer Specification, Version 1.0", Jun. 2000.
Steve's Digicam Online, Inc. , "Review of Atech Flash Technology PRO II Flash Card Reader", (http://www.steves-digicams.com/2002—reviews/aft—pro2.html), May 9, 2002.
Steve's Digicam Online, Inc., "Review of Kyocera Finecam S-3", May 7, 2001.
Steve's Digicam Online, Inc., "Review of LexarMedia USB Universal Card Reader", Jan. 22, 2001.
Steve's Digicam Online, Inc., "Review of Panasonic iPalm PV-DC3000", Nov. 10, 2000.
Steve's Digicam Online, Inc., "Review of Pixo Media 4-in-1 Multi PC-Card Adapter", Nov. 20, 2001.
Steve's Digicams Online, Inc., "Review of AcomData Multiflash USB Flash Card Reader/Writer", Jul. 18, 2001.
Steve's Digicams Online, Inc., "Review of BUSlink 6 in 1 Data Banker", Jan. 25, 2002.
Steve's Digicams Online, Inc., "Review of Dazzle 6 in 1 Reader", Jan. 28, 2002.
Steve's Digicams, "Memorex CardMate PCF-100 Flash Memory Card Reader User Review", Apr. 12, 1999, pp. 1-5.
Steve's Digicams, "Microtech USB Camera Mate User Review", Sep. 5, 1999, pp. 1-4.
Steve's Digicams, Review of Atech Flash Technology PRO II Flash Card Reader, May 9, 2002.
STMicroelectronics, "ST92163 Preliminary Data", Jan. 2000.
STMicroelectronics, "USB Flash Card Writer Using ST92163", Nov. 2000.
TaiSol Electronics, "International patent awarded for 4-in-1 flash memory connector", Jul. 1, 2002.
Taiwan Patent Application No. 201032, Filed Aug. 4, 1992 (English Translation Included).
Taiwan Patent Application No. 452152, Filed Nov. 15, 1999 (English Translation Included).
Taiwan Patent Application No. 453560, Filed Mar. 23, 2000 (English Translation Included).
Taiwan Patent Application No. 476170, Filed Nov. 7, 2000 (English Translation Included).
Taiwan Patent Application No. 532611, Filed Dec. 28, 2001 (English Translation Included).
Taiwan Patent Application No. 553510, Filed Jul. 4, 2002 (English Translation Included).
Taiwan Patent Application No. 555256, Filed Aug. 27, 2002 (English Translation Included).
Taiwan Patent Application No. I222028, Filed Jun. 7, 2002 (English Translation Included).
Takada, Tomoji et al., "SD Card and SD Host Controller LSIs", Toshiba Review, Jan. 2002, vol. 57 No. 1 pp. 54-57.
Texas Instruments, "Programming the TMS320VC5509 Multi Media Controller in Native Model—Application Report", Dec. 2001, pp. 1-13.
Texas Instruments, "TMS320VC5509 Fixed-Point Digital Signal Processor Data Manual, 2001-2003".
Texas Instruments, "TMS320VC5509 Multi Media Controller Application Report", 2001.
Tokyo Electron Device Limited, "TEL TE4300 data sheet", 2003, pp. 1-29.
Toshiba Corporation, "Owner's Manual of MEA110 Mobile Audio Player", available at least by Apr. 22, 2000, pp. 1-45.
Toshiba Corporation, "SD Memory Card / SDIO Card / SmartMedia Controller TC6380AF Outline", Apr. 10, 2002.
Toshiba Corporation, "SD Memory Card/SmartMedia Inteface Controller TC6377BF/TC6384AF Specification", Jun. 25, 2001.
Toshiba Corporation, "TC6374AF (3in1 ATA) PC Card ATA to SD Memory Card, Multimedia Card and SmartMedia Controller", Feb. 15, 2002.
Toshiba Corporation, "Toshiba Companion Chip for TMPR3922U TC6358TB(PLUM2) Technical Data", Oct. 19, 1998.
Toshiba Corporation, "Toshiba Companion Chip for TX3922 PLUM2", Mar. 5, 1999.
Toshiba Corporation, "Toshiba SD Card Specification ver 2.11", May 31, 2002.
Toshiba Corporation, Product Overview of MEA110 Mobile Audio Player, available at least by Apr. 22, 2000, pp. 287-298.
Twice.com, "Digital Imaging Well Exposed at RetailVision, available online at www.twice.com", Apr. 26, 1999, p. 1.
US 7,264,513, 09/2007, Moshayedi (withdrawn)
Viking Components, Inc., "Viking Intelliflash USB Flash Memory Reader User's Guide, Rev. B", May 2000.
Winbond, "W86L388D Datasheet", 2001.
Wright, Mary, "To the Victor Will Go the Spoils in the Tiny-Flash-Card Battle", EDN Access, Jan. 16, 1997.
Youtube.com (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Vr7YXDH4CQ), "1999 Sony DSC-D770 Digital Flash Media Camera Pro", Mar. 27, 2012.

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20130225003A1 (en) * 2012-02-24 2013-08-29 Cheng Uei Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Card connector
US8568174B2 (en) * 2012-02-24 2013-10-29 Cheng Uei Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Card connector
US20150380844A1 (en) * 2014-06-26 2015-12-31 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory card indentification device, host device and memory card using the same
US9496635B2 (en) * 2014-06-26 2016-11-15 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory card indentification device, host device and memory card using the same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US20130107472A1 (en) 2013-05-02 application
US20080299809A1 (en) 2008-12-04 application
US7522424B2 (en) 2009-04-21 grant
US7295443B2 (en) 2007-11-13 grant
US20060264110A1 (en) 2006-11-23 application
US8011964B2 (en) 2011-09-06 grant
US7719847B2 (en) 2010-05-18 grant
US20110320713A1 (en) 2011-12-29 application
US20080009196A1 (en) 2008-01-10 application
US20100195290A1 (en) 2010-08-05 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7186147B1 (en) Peripheral device having an extended USB plug for communicating with a host computer
US6108730A (en) Memory card adapter insertable into a motherboard memory card socket comprising a memory card receiving socket having the same configuration as the motherboard memory card socket
US4998180A (en) Bus device with closely spaced double sided daughter board
US5864661A (en) IC memory card having flash memory
US5018051A (en) IC card having circuit modules for mounting electronic components
US5334030A (en) PCMCIA bus extender card for PCMCIA system development
US5995405A (en) Memory module with flexible serial presence detect configuration
US7218528B2 (en) Dual connecting interface memory card
US6736678B2 (en) Memory card interface adapter
US20040027879A1 (en) Flash card reader
US5818029A (en) Method and apparatus for connecting PCMCIA cards to computer interfaces
US6004139A (en) Memory module interface card adapter
US20020185533A1 (en) Externally connection type USB2.0 interface flash card reader
US20040033727A1 (en) Plug used for connection with a USB receptacle
US6558201B1 (en) Adapter and method for converting data interface hardware on a computer peripheral device
US6761320B1 (en) Connector structure for multi-storage media
US7414312B2 (en) Memory-module board layout for use with memory chips of different data widths
US20050182858A1 (en) Portable memory device with multiple I/O interfaces
US5196994A (en) Card type integrated circuit and respective 8/16-bit card connector
US20050086413A1 (en) Capacity Expansion of Flash Memory Device with a Daisy-Chainable Structure and an Integrated Hub
US20020181894A1 (en) Addressable transceiver module
US6832281B2 (en) Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC
US6067593A (en) Universal memory bus and card
US20080096413A1 (en) Usb connector type memory card adapter
US6761313B2 (en) XD memory card adapter

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: MCM PORTFOLIO LLC, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TECHNOLOGY PROPERTIES LIMITED LLC;REEL/FRAME:037992/0495

Effective date: 20150416

REMI Maintenance fee reminder mailed
LAPS Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
FP Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee

Effective date: 20161225