US827758A - Fountain drafting-pen. - Google Patents

Fountain drafting-pen. Download PDF

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US827758A
US827758A US23936705A US1905239367A US827758A US 827758 A US827758 A US 827758A US 23936705 A US23936705 A US 23936705A US 1905239367 A US1905239367 A US 1905239367A US 827758 A US827758 A US 827758A
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pen
valve
plunger
ink
air
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US23936705A
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George P Smith
Percy Stokes
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K5/00Pens with ink reservoirs in holders, e.g. fountain-pens
    • B43K5/02Ink reservoirs
    • B43K5/06Ink reservoirs with movable pistons for withdrawing ink from an ink-receptacle

Definitions

  • Our invention comprises the providing a valve for the admission of air to the upper end of the pen to allow-atmospheric pressurev to permit the ink to flow from the lower end of the pen by the force of gravity, said valveV being also arranged to give a positive'internal pressure independent ofthe outside air 'to aid in expelling the ink from the reservoir.
  • the invention also comprises a connection between the means for admitting air to the upperend of the pen and the lower end of the v en, so that the said meanscan be manipuated without disengaging the fingers from the pen.
  • FIG. 1 is a side elevation of our improved pen, showing one end thereof in section to disclose the details ofthe valve for admitting air to the ink-chamber.
  • Fig. 2 is a plan view of the operative end of the pen, showin the valve for controlling the flow of ink.
  • i 3 is a longitudinal sectional view similar to ig.
  • Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of our improved pen, showing the means for operating the air-admission valve from the' lower end of the pen.
  • Fig. 5 is a transverse sectional view taken substantially upon the line 5 5
  • Fig. 6 is a transverse sectional view taken substantially upon the line 6 6
  • Fig. 1 g and Fig. 7 is a transverse sectional view taken rsubstantially upon the line 7 7,
  • section 6 which is reduced at one end and i screw-threaded, so as to en a e interiorly with the cylindrical portion o t e ink-reservoir 7, as indicated at 7.
  • the reduced por tion of the section 6 is provided with a central Aopening 8, through which passes the stem 9 of the lon itudmally and inwardly the va ve-stem 9 is detachably screw-threaded to a slidable plu or plunger 11, having a milled head 12.
  • T e inner end of said plunger 11 ⁇ is preferably iluted or rovided with one or more grooves 13, as in icated in Fig. 6.
  • the plunger 11 may also besli htly tapered toward its inner end to allow t e valve member 10 to more perfectly enga e the valve-seat and topermit greater free om of movement of said plunger when the same is in its outer position. rllhe taper of the plunger 11 also allows air to enter in amanner simiar t0 that of the grooves 13. A' coiled spring 14 is inter osed between the end of the lunger 11 and t e reduced portion of the cyindrical section 6 to keep the valve member 10 and plunger 11 in their outer or normal positions.
  • the reduced screw-threaded portion 7 is provided with a groove or recess 15, which extends for such a distance from the end of said reduced portion adjacent the valve 10 toward the larger portion of the section 6 that when the said section is partly unscrewed from the body portion 1 of the pen the end of the groove 15 will communicate with the outside air.
  • the head 4 to which is attached the nibsl2 and 3 of the pen is preferably reduced in diameter and screw-threaded for engaging the interior of the ink chamber or holder 1, which is also screw-threaded, as lainly indicated in Fig. 3.
  • v a cylindrical passage or opening 16.
  • Forming an extension of the head 4 is a block or casing 17, which communicates at its'outer end with a small tube or conduit 18, thevlatter of which'extends a sufficient distance between the nibs of the pen to deliver ink at the proper point.
  • the member 17 is provided wit which revolubly fits a pin 19, forming a valve member, said pin 19 having a transverse opening 20, which forms a portion ofthe conduit 18 when said opening 20 is in alinement a transverse opening or recess, within.v
  • Said head 4 is a so providedwith i therewith.
  • the outer end of the pin 19 is 6o.
  • movin valve mem er 10 The outer end of slightly reduced and passes through an opening in a disk or plate 21, upon which said pin is headed down.
  • the disk or plate 21 is provided with a lateral projection or lug 22, forming a finger-piece by which said disk and pin is turned.
  • the pin 19 is held ywithin the opening in the member 17 by reason ofthe fact that the pivoted nib 2 of the pen engages the headed end of the pin 19 with a springpressure, thereby not only holding the parts of the valve in their operative positions, but also allowing the sameto be easily separated for cleaning, adjustment, and repair,
  • the nibs 2 and 3 of the'pen are provided with the usual thumb-screw 23 or other similar device bywhich the width of the line to be drawn is adjusted.
  • Fig. 4 As means for operating the valve member 10 and plunger 11 from the lower end of the pen without the necessity of disengaging the fingers therefrom we provide the construction shown in Fig. 4.
  • This consists of a rod or wire 25, which is attached at one end to the mill-head 12 of plunger 11 and its other end to a bell-crank lever 26.
  • Said bell-crank lever 26 is preferably pivoted to a projection 27, carried by a band ⁇ v 28 or other device mounted upon the body of the pen.
  • the ink-controlling valve may be used with this-form of pen as well as with that form in which the air-admission valve is not connected with the lower end of the pen,
  • inkreservoir 7 is filled with inkcby unscrewing the section 6 of the barrel and the ink inserted in the usual manner. The section 6 is then replaced, and the pen is thenv in condition for drawing.
  • the valve 19 may be set to Igive the requisite opening for the flow Aof the ink to the nibs of the pen, and when it is desired to force the ink between the nibs of the pen the plunger 11 is forced inward. This opens the valve formed by the valve-member 10 and allows the air toenter the upper part of the ink-reservoir. As the plunger 11 is further depressed, so that the grooves 13 are entirely within the cylindrical section 6, air is compressed within the chamber and in the ink-reservoir, thereby forcing the ink positively from the conduit 18 at the lower end of the pen. This operation may be repeated as often as the ink becomes exhausted from between the nibs of the en.
  • valve att e lower end of the pen may be entirely closed, the cylindrical i portion 6 unscrewed until the end of the roove 15 extends beyond the end of the-casing forming the holder 1, thereby allowing.
  • the valve 19 When it is desired to fill the pen or admit ink between the nibs, the valve 19 is opened by rotating the disk 21 and sufficient ink is allowed to flow under atmospheric pressure and gravity to its usual position between the nibs of the pen, The valve 19 is then closed and the drawing proceeded This operation may be repeated as often as the ink becomes exhausted from between the nibs of the pen. If the inkbecomes thick or sluggish in movement, owing to the small size of the conduit and evaporation, the cylindrical section 6 may be screwed inward, as first described, and the ink forced downward through the conduit 18.
  • Fig. 4 The operation of the pen as shown in Fig. 4 is substantially the same as that first above described, with the exception that the plunger is operated by depressing the outer end of the bell-crank lever 26 at any time when the ink is desired to be forced into the space between the nibs.
  • a fountain-pen the combination of a barrel having an air-admission valveineluding an inwardly-moving member near the upper end thereof and a plunger adapted to operate in the upper end of said barrel at such a distance above said valve as to always leave a chamber between the said valve and said plunger, the said plunger having channels therein to admit air below the same during the initial part of its inward stroke, the moving valve member and plunger being so connected that the valve will always remain open during the inward stroke of the plunver.
  • a fountain-pen the i. combination with a barrel, having an air-admission valve having an inwardly-moving member near the upper end thereof, of a plunger adapted to operate in the upper end of said barrel at such a distance above said valve as to always leave a chamber between said valve and plunger, the said plunger having channels therein to admit air below the same during the initial part of its inward stroke, the moving valve member and plunger being rigidly connected so that the valve will always remain open during the inward stroke IIO of the plunger, and resilient means adapted to resist said inward stroke and to return the plunger to its initial position.
  • a fountain -pen the combination with a barrel, havin an air-admission valve including an inward y-moving member near the upper end thereof, a (plunger adapted to operate in the upper en of said barrel at such a distance above said valve as to always leave a chamber between said valve and plunger, the said plun er having channels therein to admitair be owthe same during plunger, the said plunger having channels therein to admit air b'elow the same during the initial part of its inward stroke, the moving valve member and plunger-being so connected that the valve will always remain open during the inward stroke of the plunger, and means, including a s iral spring, to return the plunger to its initial) its inward stroke.
  • a fountain-pen having among its parts a barrel' having its outer end detachably screw-threaded to lits body portion, the said outer end having an air-inlet valve and a plunger beyond said valve constructed to admit air during the initial part of its inward stroke.
  • a fountain-pen having among its parts a barrel having its outer end detachably screw-threaded to-its body portion, the said outer end containing an air-inlet valve and means beyond said valve for admitting and compressing air into the reservoir.
  • a fountain-pen having among its parts a barrel, means for admittin and compressing airlat the upper end' of same, and mechanism located near the position aftery dinally inwardly vmoving point of the pen for operating said means.
  • a reservoir below said chamlber means for admitting and compressing air in said chamber an means for establishing communication be-l tween said chamber and said reservoir.
  • a fountain-pen the combination with a barrel of a valve, including an inwardly-moving member, located near the upper end thereof, a plunger adapted to reciprocateabove said valve, means for admitting and cutting off a supply of air during the inward stroke of said plunger'and a rigid conn ection between said plunger and said moving member.
  • a fountain pen the combination with a barrel of a valve includedin a longitudinallyV inwardly moving mem er anda plunger adapted to operate in the up er end a fountain-pen a barrel, a chamber of said barrel above said valve, t e said plun er being rigidly connected with the longitu inally-moving valve member and having channels therein .to admit air below the same during a part of its inward stroke.
  • afountain-pen the combination with a barrel of a valve including a longitumember, a plungeradapted to operate in t e upper end of said barrel above said valve, the said plunger being rigidly connected with the longitudinallymoving valve member and having channels therein to admit air below the same during a part of its inward stroke, and resilient means adapted to resist said inward stroke.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Pens And Brushes (AREA)

Description

PATENTED AUG. 7, 1906. G. P. SMITH Sz P. STUKES. FOUNTAIN DRAPTING PEN.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 3, 1905.
. .l/ /rawll MN R. mm
NFFF STATES 'nnfrnnr onirica.
GEORGE P. SMITH AND PERCY STOKES, 0F PHlLDELPHlA, PENSYM VANlA. p y
FQUNTAEN, RAFTBNGEHPEN..
Specication of Letters Patent.
Patented. aug.. '7, race.
Application filed January 3, 1905- Serial lilo. 239.367.
States, and residents of the city of Philadel` phia, State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Im rovements in Fountain Drafting-Pens, of W "ch the following is a full, clear, and complete disclosure.
Our invention comprises the providing a valve for the admission of air to the upper end of the pen to allow-atmospheric pressurev to permit the ink to flow from the lower end of the pen by the force of gravity, said valveV being also arranged to give a positive'internal pressure independent ofthe outside air 'to aid in expelling the ink from the reservoir.
The invention also comprises a connection between the means for admitting air to the upperend of the pen and the lower end of the v en, so that the said meanscan be manipuated without disengaging the fingers from the pen.
For a full, clear, and exact descri tion of f our invention reference may be ha to the following specification and to the accompanying drawings, forming a part thereof, in
` which- Figure 1 is a side elevation of our improved pen, showing one end thereof in section to disclose the details ofthe valve for admitting air to the ink-chamber. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the operative end of the pen, showin the valve for controlling the flow of ink. i 3 is a longitudinal sectional view similar to ig.
2. Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of our improved pen, showing the means for operating the air-admission valve from the' lower end of the pen. Fig. 5 is a transverse sectional view taken substantially upon the line 5 5, Fig. 2. Fig. 6 is a transverse sectional view taken substantially upon the line 6 6, Fig. 1 g and Fig. 7 is a transverse sectional view taken rsubstantially upon the line 7 7,
section 6, which is reduced at one end and i screw-threaded, so as to en a e interiorly with the cylindrical portion o t e ink-reservoir 7, as indicated at 7. The reduced por tion of the section 6 is provided with a central Aopening 8, through which passes the stem 9 of the lon itudmally and inwardly the va ve-stem 9 is detachably screw-threaded to a slidable plu or plunger 11, having a milled head 12. T e inner end of said plunger 11`is preferably iluted or rovided with one or more grooves 13, as in icated in Fig. 6. The plunger 11 may also besli htly tapered toward its inner end to allow t e valve member 10 to more perfectly enga e the valve-seat and topermit greater free om of movement of said plunger when the same is in its outer position. rllhe taper of the plunger 11 also allows air to enter in amanner simiar t0 that of the grooves 13. A' coiled spring 14 is inter osed between the end of the lunger 11 and t e reduced portion of the cyindrical section 6 to keep the valve member 10 and plunger 11 in their outer or normal positions. The reduced screw-threaded portion 7 is provided with a groove or recess 15, which extends for such a distance from the end of said reduced portion adjacent the valve 10 toward the larger portion of the section 6 that when the said section is partly unscrewed from the body portion 1 of the pen the end of the groove 15 will communicate with the outside air.
The head 4, to which is attached the nibsl2 and 3 of the pen, is preferably reduced in diameter and screw-threaded for engaging the interior of the ink chamber or holder 1, which is also screw-threaded, as lainly indicated in Fig. 3. v a cylindrical passage or opening 16. Forming an extension of the head 4 is a block or casing 17, which communicates at its'outer end with a small tube or conduit 18, thevlatter of which'extends a sufficient distance between the nibs of the pen to deliver ink at the proper point. The member 17 is provided wit which revolubly fits a pin 19, forming a valve member, said pin 19 having a transverse opening 20, which forms a portion ofthe conduit 18 when said opening 20 is in alinement a transverse opening or recess, within.v
Said head 4 is a so providedwith i therewith. The outer end of the pin 19 is 6o. movin valve mem er 10. The outer end of slightly reduced and passes through an opening in a disk or plate 21, upon which said pin is headed down. The disk or plate 21 is provided with a lateral projection or lug 22, forming a finger-piece by which said disk and pin is turned. The pin 19 is held ywithin the opening in the member 17 by reason ofthe fact that the pivoted nib 2 of the pen engages the headed end of the pin 19 with a springpressure, thereby not only holding the parts of the valve in their operative positions, but also allowing the sameto be easily separated for cleaning, adjustment, and repair, The nibs 2 and 3 of the'pen are provided with the usual thumb-screw 23 or other similar device bywhich the width of the line to be drawn is adjusted.
As means for operating the valve member 10 and plunger 11 from the lower end of the pen without the necessity of disengaging the fingers therefrom we provide the construction shown in Fig. 4. This consists of a rod or wire 25, which is attached at one end to the mill-head 12 of plunger 11 and its other end to a bell-crank lever 26. Said bell-crank lever 26 is preferably pivoted to a projection 27, carried by a band`v 28 or other device mounted upon the body of the pen. It is obvious that the ink-controlling valve may be used with this-form of pen as well as with that form in which the air-admission valve is not connected with the lower end of the pen,
as above described. When the ink-controlling valve is omitted, the tube or conduit 18 isconnected directly with the yoke 29 of the pen, as clearly shown in section in Fig. 4.
In the use of our improved pen the inkreservoir 7 is filled with inkcby unscrewing the section 6 of the barrel and the ink inserted in the usual manner. The section 6 is then replaced, and the pen is thenv in condition for drawing.
The ink-feed-maybe controlled in two ways l First, the valve 19 may be set to Igive the requisite opening for the flow Aof the ink to the nibs of the pen, and when it is desired to force the ink between the nibs of the pen the plunger 11 is forced inward. This opens the valve formed by the valve-member 10 and allows the air toenter the upper part of the ink-reservoir. As the plunger 11 is further depressed, so that the grooves 13 are entirely within the cylindrical section 6, air is compressed within the chamber and in the ink-reservoir, thereby forcing the ink positively from the conduit 18 at the lower end of the pen. This operation may be repeated as often as the ink becomes exhausted from between the nibs of the en.
Second, the valve att e lower end of the pen may be entirely closed, the cylindrical i portion 6 unscrewed until the end of the roove 15 extends beyond the end of the-casing forming the holder 1, thereby allowing.
. air to have free access to the interior of the ywith in the usual manner.
Ipen at all times. When it is desired to fill the pen or admit ink between the nibs, the valve 19 is opened by rotating the disk 21 and sufficient ink is allowed to flow under atmospheric pressure and gravity to its usual position between the nibs of the pen, The valve 19 is then closed and the drawing proceeded This operation may be repeated as often as the ink becomes exhausted from between the nibs of the pen. If the inkbecomes thick or sluggish in movement, owing to the small size of the conduit and evaporation, the cylindrical section 6 may be screwed inward, as first described, and the ink forced downward through the conduit 18.
The operation of the pen as shown in Fig. 4 is substantially the same as that first above described, with the exception that the plunger is operated by depressing the outer end of the bell-crank lever 26 at any time when the ink is desired to be forced into the space between the nibs.
Instead of'forming a separate chamber in the upper part of the barrel 1 we may eliminate the valve and valve-seat, thus converting the entire barrel into an ink-reservoir. In such a case any resilient means might be utilized to return the plunger to its initial position, and, further, the barrel portionl may be made in one piece instead of being separated near its upper end by the screw-threads 7.
Other changes in the details and arrangement of the various parts may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of our invention but What we claim, and desire to protect by Letters Patent of the United States, is-
1. In a fountain-pen, the combination of a barrel having an air-admission valveineluding an inwardly-moving member near the upper end thereof and a plunger adapted to operate in the upper end of said barrel at such a distance above said valve as to always leave a chamber between the said valve and said plunger, the said plunger having channels therein to admit air below the same during the initial part of its inward stroke, the moving valve member and plunger being so connected that the valve will always remain open during the inward stroke of the plunver.
n 2. In a fountain-pen, the i. combination with a barrel, having an air-admission valve having an inwardly-moving member near the upper end thereof, of a plunger adapted to operate in the upper end of said barrel at such a distance above said valve as to always leave a chamber between said valve and plunger, the said plunger having channels therein to admit air below the same during the initial part of its inward stroke, the moving valve member and plunger being rigidly connected so that the valve will always remain open during the inward stroke IIO of the plunger, and resilient means adapted to resist said inward stroke and to return the plunger to its initial position.'
3'. In a fountain -pen, the combination with a barrel, havin an air-admission valve including an inward y-moving member near the upper end thereof, a (plunger adapted to operate in the upper en of said barrel at such a distance above said valve as to always leave a chamber between said valve and plunger, the said plun er having channels therein to admitair be owthe same during plunger, the said plunger having channels therein to admit air b'elow the same during the initial part of its inward stroke, the moving valve member and plunger-being so connected that the valve will always remain open during the inward stroke of the plunger, and means, including a s iral spring, to return the plunger to its initial) its inward stroke.
5. A fountain-pen having among its parts a barrel' having its outer end detachably screw-threaded to lits body portion, the said outer end having an air-inlet valve and a plunger beyond said valve constructed to admit air during the initial part of its inward stroke.
6. A fountain-pen having among its parts a barrel having its outer end detachably screw-threaded to-its body portion, the said outer end containing an air-inlet valve and means beyond said valve for admitting and compressing air into the reservoir.
7. A fountain-pen having among its parts a barrel, means for admittin and compressing airlat the upper end' of same, and mechanism located near the position aftery dinally inwardly vmoving point of the pen for operating said means.
8. In a fountainen `the combination with a barrel of means or admitting air into the up er end of same and means including a belli-crank lever located near the point of the pen for operating said means. v
9. In located in the up er end thereof, a reservoir below said chamlber, means for admitting and compressing air in said chamber an means for establishing communication be-l tween said chamber and said reservoir. f
' 10. In a fountain-pen the combination with a barrel of a valve, including an inwardly-moving member, located near the upper end thereof, a plunger adapted to reciprocateabove said valve, means for admitting and cutting off a supply of air during the inward stroke of said plunger'and a rigid conn ection between said plunger and said moving member..
11.v In a fountain pen the combination with a barrel of a valve includin a longitudinallyV inwardly moving mem er anda plunger adapted to operate in the up er end a fountain-pen a barrel, a chamber of said barrel above said valve, t e said plun er being rigidly connected with the longitu inally-moving valve member and having channels therein .to admit air below the same during a part of its inward stroke.
'12. In afountain-pen the combination with a barrel of a valve including a longitumember, a plungeradapted to operate in t e upper end of said barrel above said valve, the said plunger being rigidly connected with the longitudinallymoving valve member and having channels therein to admit air below the same during a part of its inward stroke, and resilient means adapted to resist said inward stroke.
' In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands this 31st dayof December, A.,D. 190.4.
GEORGE r. SMITH. BERCY sToKEs.
l Witnesses: I
JOHN F. GRADY, Enw. W. VAILL, Jr.,
US23936705A 1905-01-03 1905-01-03 Fountain drafting-pen. Expired - Lifetime US827758A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2560810A (en) * 1947-06-28 1951-07-17 Universal Fountain Pen & Penci Ball-pointed pen
US5738459A (en) * 1995-05-08 1998-04-14 Eversharp Pen Company "Pressurized refill with multiple seal valve core plug and a method for pressurizing a refill"

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2560810A (en) * 1947-06-28 1951-07-17 Universal Fountain Pen & Penci Ball-pointed pen
US5738459A (en) * 1995-05-08 1998-04-14 Eversharp Pen Company "Pressurized refill with multiple seal valve core plug and a method for pressurizing a refill"

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