US792812A - Closure for jars or bottles. - Google Patents

Closure for jars or bottles. Download PDF

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Publication number
US792812A
US792812A US23439904A US1904234399A US792812A US 792812 A US792812 A US 792812A US 23439904 A US23439904 A US 23439904A US 1904234399 A US1904234399 A US 1904234399A US 792812 A US792812 A US 792812A
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United States
Prior art keywords
jar
closure
clamp
jars
bottles
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Expired - Lifetime
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US23439904A
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Ralph E Browne
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Individual
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Priority to US23439904A priority Critical patent/US792812A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D51/00Closures not otherwise provided for
    • B65D51/24Closures not otherwise provided for combined or co-operating with auxiliary devices for non-closing purposes
    • B65D51/243Closures not otherwise provided for combined or co-operating with auxiliary devices for non-closing purposes combined with an opening device

Definitions

  • This invention relates to closures for packing and storing vessels; and it has for its objects the production of a closure which is inexpensive in construction, easy of application and removal, and which will absolutely prevent leakage of the contents of the vessel.
  • Figure 1 is a plan view of the closure applied to a jar.
  • Fig. 2 is a sectional View through the jar and closure, taken on line 2 2 of Fig. 1; and
  • Fig. 3 is a plan view. of the blank before it is bent into shape to form the closure.
  • 1 represents the jar or bottle having at the upper part of the neck a straight portion 2 and below such portion a rounded bead 3, said head preferably extending entirely around the neck.
  • the top of the neck has a plurality of concentric corrugations 4 for a purpose hereinafter stated.
  • the closure for the jar comprises a packing member 5, preferably of paper-pulp, which member is held in place by the resilient metallic clamp 6.
  • This clamp has a circular portion at the center that fits over the top of the jar and presses'the packing member 5 into intimate contact with the corrugations 4.
  • the blank from which the clamp is formed is shown in Fig. 3, from which it will appear that tongues 7 and 8 radiate from the central portion, the blank being slit for a short distance on each side of each of these tongues to enable the outer rim of the blank to be turned at right angles to the central portion, so as to form a skirt 9.
  • This skirt fits snugly about the straight portion 2 of the neck of the jar, and thus centers the clamp and holds it from lateral movement. It also forms a receptacle or seat for the packing disk or member 5, which member is first placed within the seat before the clamp is applied to the jar.
  • the tongues 7 and 8 are bent into the shapes shown in Fig. 2, so that they will grasp the bead 3 on the jar, the longer tongue 8 having an extension 10 to facilitate the easy removal of the clamp.
  • the packing material is brought into more intimate contact with the jar than it would otherwise be, the material being compressed into the grooves between the ridges, while the material on the tops of the ridges is tightly compressed thereagainst.
  • the bending of the skirt at right angles to the plane of the body of the clamp forms a reinforcement for said clamp and not only effectively prevents the same from becoming distorted in use, but enables the same clamp to be employed repeatedly.
  • the location of the bead at a short distance below the top of the neck permits the use of short tongues and permits the clamp to be quickly applied to the bottle or jar, an object of importance in conducting bottling operations on a large scale.
  • a clamp having a central portion overlying the mouth of the bottle or jar, a flange or skirt bent at right angles to said body portion, and resilient tongues adapted to snap over said bead, and a packing member within the skirt and clamped between the central portion and the top of the bottle, substantially as de scribed.

Description

PATENTED JUNE 20, 1905.
R. B. BROWNE. CLOSURE FOR JARS OR BOTTLES.
APPLICATION FILED NOV 26,1904
W INVENTOR. m
ATTORNEY.
WITNESSES:
@.%%Z% 4. m @M UNITED STATES Patented June 20, 1905.
RALPH E. BROWNE, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO.
CLOSURE FOR JARS OR BOTTLES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 792,812, dated June 20, 1905. Application filed November 26, 1904. Serial No. 234,899.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, RALPH E. BROWNE, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented a cer tain new and useful Improvement in Closures for Jars or Bottles, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to closures for packing and storing vessels; and it has for its objects the production of a closure which is inexpensive in construction, easy of application and removal, and which will absolutely prevent leakage of the contents of the vessel.
In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this application, Figure 1 is a plan view of the closure applied to a jar. Fig. 2 is a sectional View through the jar and closure, taken on line 2 2 of Fig. 1; and Fig. 3 is a plan view. of the blank before it is bent into shape to form the closure.
Referring now to the drawings, in which similar reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several views, 1 represents the jar or bottle having at the upper part of the neck a straight portion 2 and below such portion a rounded bead 3, said head preferably extending entirely around the neck. The top of the neck has a plurality of concentric corrugations 4 for a purpose hereinafter stated.
The closure for the jar comprises a packing member 5, preferably of paper-pulp, which member is held in place by the resilient metallic clamp 6. This clamp has a circular portion at the center that fits over the top of the jar and presses'the packing member 5 into intimate contact with the corrugations 4. The blank from which the clamp is formed is shown in Fig. 3, from which it will appear that tongues 7 and 8 radiate from the central portion, the blank being slit for a short distance on each side of each of these tongues to enable the outer rim of the blank to be turned at right angles to the central portion, so as to form a skirt 9. This skirt fits snugly about the straight portion 2 of the neck of the jar, and thus centers the clamp and holds it from lateral movement. It also forms a receptacle or seat for the packing disk or member 5, which member is first placed within the seat before the clamp is applied to the jar.
The tongues 7 and 8 are bent into the shapes shown in Fig. 2, so that they will grasp the bead 3 on the jar, the longer tongue 8 having an extension 10 to facilitate the easy removal of the clamp.
In applying the closure it is only necessary to place the packing member into the seat within the skirt, which fits it closely enough to prevent it from dropping out. The tongues 7 are then hooked over the bead 3 and the clamp pressed into position, the tongue 8 yielding as it snaps over the bead. As the clamp is formed of resilient material, the tongues grasp the bead and hold the clamp securely against unintended removal. The clamp may be very readily removed, however, by simply lifting on the extension 10 of the tongue 8.
By providing the concentric corrugations 4 on the jar the packing material is brought into more intimate contact with the jar than it would otherwise be, the material being compressed into the grooves between the ridges, while the material on the tops of the ridges is tightly compressed thereagainst. By having a plurality of these corrugations all leakage is absolutely prevented.
The bending of the skirt at right angles to the plane of the body of the clamp formsa reinforcement for said clamp and not only effectively prevents the same from becoming distorted in use, but enables the same clamp to be employed repeatedly. The location of the bead at a short distance below the top of the neck permits the use of short tongues and permits the clamp to be quickly applied to the bottle or jar, an object of importance in conducting bottling operations on a large scale.
Many changes in the specific construction of my closure may be made without departing from the spirit of my invention, and I desire it to be understood that'I do not limit my claims any further than is required by the prior state of the art or by the express terms employed therein.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination of a bottle or jar having a straight neck portion below the top, a
bead below the top of said jar or bottle, a clamp having a central portion overlying the mouth of the bottle or jar, a flange or skirt bent at right angles to said body portion, and resilient tongues adapted to snap over said bead, and a packing member within the skirt and clamped between the central portion and the top of the bottle, substantially as de scribed.
2. The combination of a bottle or jar having a straight neck portion below the top, a bead encircling such neck portion and located a short distance below the top of said jar or bottle, aclamp having a central portion overlying themouth of the bottle or jar, a flange or skirt bent at right angles to said body portion and of a length to extend nearly to said In testimony whereof I affix my signature in 3 the presence of two witnesses.
RALPH E. BROWNE.
Witnesses:
J. B. HULL, A. L. LORD.
US23439904A 1904-11-26 1904-11-26 Closure for jars or bottles. Expired - Lifetime US792812A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US23439904A US792812A (en) 1904-11-26 1904-11-26 Closure for jars or bottles.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US23439904A US792812A (en) 1904-11-26 1904-11-26 Closure for jars or bottles.

Publications (1)

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US792812A true US792812A (en) 1905-06-20

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