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US765342A
US765342A US17380503A US1903173805A US765342A US 765342 A US765342 A US 765342A US 17380503 A US17380503 A US 17380503A US 1903173805 A US1903173805 A US 1903173805A US 765342 A US765342 A US 765342A
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wheel
wheels
register
pawl
recess
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US17380503A
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Marquis H Johnson
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JOSEPH F ROSELLI
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JOSEPH F ROSELLI
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
    • G06MCOUNTING MECHANISMS; COUNTING OF OBJECTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06M1/00Design features of general application
    • G06M1/14Design features of general application for transferring a condition from one stage to a higher stage
    • G06M1/16Design features of general application for transferring a condition from one stage to a higher stage self-operating, e.g. by Geneva mechanism
    • G06M1/163Design features of general application for transferring a condition from one stage to a higher stage self-operating, e.g. by Geneva mechanism with drums

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  • This invention relates to that class of registers containing a plurality of wheels arnumbers on their peripheries.
  • the object of this invention is to produce a register of this character which is simple and compact in construction and reliable in operation and which can be manufactured at comparatively small cost.
  • Figure 1 is a front elevation of my improved register.
  • Fig. 2 is a rear elevation thereof.
  • Fig. 3 is a taken centrally through the same. atop plan view thereof.
  • Fig. 5 is an end view of the register.
  • Figs. 6 and 7 aie Vertical transverse sections in lines 6 6 and 7 7,
  • Fig. Fig. 8 is a detached axial section of one of the number wheels or disks.
  • Fig. 9 is a side view of the same.
  • Figs. 10 and 11 are horizontal sections in lines 10 10 and 11 11, Fig. 7, respectively.
  • Fig. 12 is a side view of the resetting-wheel and its pawl.
  • Fig. 13 is a side view of the highest registerwheel and its coupling device.
  • the frame or support of the register shown in the drawings consists of a horizontal base or plate A and two upright plates or standards B B', arranged at opposite ends of the base.
  • Each of the standards is provided with a notch 40 or recess extending downwardly from the upper end of the standard and forming at its lower end a half-bearing b.
  • O represents a horizontal register-shaft arranged in the recesses of both standards and journaled on the under side in the half-bearings Z).
  • This shaft is confined in these recesses Fig. 4 is and upon said bearings by catches D, pivoted at their lower ends on the outer side of the standards and provided at their upper ends with semicircular hooks (Z, which engage over the shaft and form .upper By swinging into engagement with the said shaft.
  • each registerwheel along its periphery or margin the same is provided with an annular row e, which are spaced equidistant next lower wheel.
  • each register-wheel On its rear side each register-wheel is provided -with an annular flange F at its margin or periphery, which contains a notch or recess f.
  • the bore of each register-wheel is provided on opposite sides with annular-front and rear flanges G GH, which form the hub of the wheel.
  • the front and rear iianges of the tens and hundreds wheels have notches or recesses g g', respectively; 75
  • the units-wheel has a notch g only in its rear hub-flange.
  • H represents an actuating rock-arm for effecting the registering movement of the wheels.
  • This arm is mounted on the shaft be- 30 tween the front standard B and the unitswlieel E'and maybe oscillated one-tenth of a circle by any suitable means.
  • the actuating-arm is provided with a pawl L, which is arranged to engage the teeth of the unitswheel and advance the same one space during the forward movement of the arm and to clear said teeth during its backward movement independentof the wheel.
  • the actuating-arm and its pawl are preferably formedintegrally from a piece of spring sheet metal, as shown pawl being defiected in Fig. 6, the end of the toward the units-wheel, as shown in Fig. 11,y
  • the transfer-pawl is interloclred with its wheel by means of a lip or lug c' formed on its inner edge near one end and secured in the.
  • the preferred means for engagingand disengaging the transfer-pawl of a lower wheel with the teeth of a higher wheel consists of a cam y', formed on a plate J, which is secured to the base of the frame.
  • the two cam-plates which shift the transfer-pawls for coupling the units and tens wheels and the pawl for coupling the tens and hundreds wheels are preferablyformed in one piece, as shown in Fig. l0, and the operative parts of these carnplates are curved concentrically with the register-wlieels, so that the tongues of the transfer-pawls engage the same properly.
  • a detent device for the purpose of holding the registerwheels against accidental displacement a detent device isprovided,which preferably consists of a plurality of detent-pawls K, eachofy 2 periphery.
  • the d etent-pawls of the several register-wlieels are preferably formed out of ⁇ a single-sheet of spring metal and are connected at their lower ends by a horizontal plate k2, which is secured to the base of the frame.
  • the means for resetting the register to zero or turning the same to the starting position is constructed as follows:
  • L represents a resetting wheel or disk rigidly secured on the shaft between the highest or last register-wheel and the rear standard of the frame.
  • M Ml M2 represent resetting-pawls mounted, respectively, on the resetting hundreds and tenswheels and constructed to engage with stops or shoulders m m m2 on the hundreds, tens, and units wheels for coupling these wheels when their restoration to Zero is desired.
  • Each of the resetting-pawls is preferably constructed of spring sheet metal in the form of a split ring or crescent, which is provided near its fixed end with an inwardlyprojecting lip n, while its free end is bent laterally.
  • T he pawl M of the resetting-wheel is arranged in anannular groove formed on its front side by an inner annulanflange 0, arranged around its bore, and an outer annular flange 0', arranged at its margin or periphery.
  • the resetting-pawl M is secured to the resetting-wlieel by engaging its lip n with a recess 02 iii the inner flange 0 and clenching or bending the edges of said recess over the lip in the same manner in which the transfer-pawls are secured to their wheels.
  • the shoulder m of the hundreds-wheel is ⁇ formed by a lateral bend on one end of a split ring or crescent P, which is seated in an annular groove formed on the rear side of the liweards-wheel Vbetween an inner annular the hundreds-wheel by means lof a tongue q, projecting laterally therefrom into a recess or notch q in the outer flange p', and alip g2, ar-
  • the stops or shoulders m m2 of the units and tens wheels are formed by bending the fixed ends of the transfer-pawls I I laterally, as Ishown in Figs. 9 and l1.
  • the ring for supporting the resetting stop or shoulder on the hundreds-wheel is in all respects like the rings on the units and tens wheels forming the transfer-pawls I I', excepting that the tongue of the stop-ring P does not project beyond theperiphery of the hundreds-wheel.
  • rIhe resetting-pawls are preferably so arranged that they engage with the shoulders on the wheels in front of the same upon moving the resetting-pawls forwardly or in the same direction as the counting movement of the wheels; but when the registering-wheels move forward relatively to the resettingpawls the shoulders of said wheels deiiect the free ends of the pawls in tripping past the same.
  • the regisshaft is turned forregister-wheels move in counting numbers. During this movement the resetting-pawl M turns idly until it engages the shoulder m ofthe hundreds-register, and then the latter is compelled to turn with the shaft.
  • a register the combination of a plurality of denomination-wheels arranged axially in line each higher wheel having an annular row of teeth facing the next lower wheel, a transfer-pawl secured at one end to a lower wheel and projecting at its opposite end beyond the periphery of the wheels, and a stationary cam arranged wholly outside of the periphery of said wheels and in position to be engaged by the outer end of said pawl for shifting the same into engagement with said teeth, substantially as set forth.
  • a register the combination of a plurality of denomination-wheels arranged axially in line each higher wheel having an annular row of teeth on its front side and each lower wheel having an annular flange on its rear side provided with a recess, a transferpawl secured at one end to a while its opposite end projects recess beyond the periphery of an lower wheel through said said wheels, a stationary cam arranged outside of said In like on its rear side which is provided with a recess and each higher wheel having' teeth on its front side, a transfer-pawl having' a lip at one end which is secured in said recess by bending the end walls of the same over said lip while its opposite end projects beyond the periphery of the wheels, and a cam arranged to be engaged by said pawl for shifting the same into engagement with said teeth, substantially as set forth.
  • each higher wheel having an annular row of teeth on its front side and each lower wheel having an annular iange on its rear side and provided with a recess
  • a crescent-shaped transfer-pawl secured at one end to the front side of the lower wheel and provided at its opposite end with a tongue projecting laterally through said recess beyond the periphery of said lower wheel
  • a stationary cam arranged to engage said tongue and shift the same into engagement with said teeth, substantially as set forth.
  • each higher wheel having an annular row of teeth on its front side and each lower wheel having an inner annular flange provided with a recess and an outer annular flange provided with a recess, a crescentsh aped transfer-pawl having an inwardly-projecting lip near one end which is secured in the recess of the inner flange by bending the end walls of said recess over said lip and a tongue at its opposite end which projects laterally through the recess in the outer iange and beyond the periphery of the respective wheel, and a stationary cam for engagingsaid tongue and shifting the same into engagement with saidteeth, substantially as set forth.
  • each lower wheel having a shoulder on its rear side, and each higher wheel having an inner annular iange provided with a recess, and a crescent-shaped resetting-pawl having an inwardly-projecting lip at one end which is secured in said recess by bending the end walls of the same over the lip while its opposite end is deflected laterally so as to engage said shoulder of the next lower wheel, sub-v stantially as set forth.

Description

i IO ranged side by side and having the 2O vertical longitudinal section of the register,
`25 3, respectively.
MARQUIS H. JOHNSON, OF BUFFALO, NEW F. ROSSELLI, OF BUFFALO,
Patented July 19, 1904.
N E W YORK.
REGISTER.
YORK, ASSIGNOR TO JOSEPH SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N o. 765,342, dated July 19, 1904.
Application filed September 19, 1903. Serial No. 173,805,
(No model.)
To all whom t Hefty con/cern: l
Be it known that I, MARQUIS H. JoHNsoN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Buffalo, in the county of Erie and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Registers, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to that class of registers containing a plurality of wheels arnumbers on their peripheries.
The object of this invention is to produce a register of this character which is simple and compact in construction and reliable in operation and which can be manufactured at comparatively small cost.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a front elevation of my improved register. Fig. 2 is a rear elevation thereof. Fig. 3 is a taken centrally through the same. atop plan view thereof. Fig. 5 is an end view of the register. Figs. 6 and 7 aie Vertical transverse sections in lines 6 6 and 7 7, Fig. Fig. 8 is a detached axial section of one of the number wheels or disks. Fig. 9 is a side view of the same. Figs. 10 and 11 are horizontal sections in lines 10 10 and 11 11, Fig. 7, respectively. Fig. 12 is a side view of the resetting-wheel and its pawl. Fig. 13 is a side view of the highest registerwheel and its coupling device.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding' parts throughout the several views. The frame or support of the register shown in the drawings consists of a horizontal base or plate A and two upright plates or standards B B', arranged at opposite ends of the base. Each of the standards is provided with a notch 40 or recess extending downwardly from the upper end of the standard and forming at its lower end a half-bearing b. Y
O represents a horizontal register-shaft arranged in the recesses of both standards and journaled on the under side in the half-bearings Z). This shaft is confined in these recesses Fig. 4 is and upon said bearings by catches D, pivoted at their lower ends on the outer side of the standards and provided at their upper ends with semicircular hooks (Z, which engage over the shaft and form .upper By swinging into engagement with the said shaft.
be readily E E E2 or disks, representing,
half-bearings for these catches out or shaft the latter can removed or held in its bearings. represent the denomination wheels respectively, units,
clusive, in the manner common to registers.
this type of On the front side of each registerwheel along its periphery or margin the same is provided with an annular row e, which are spaced equidistant next lower wheel.
of ten teeth and face the On its rear side each register-wheel is provided -with an annular flange F at its margin or periphery, which contains a notch or recess f. The bore of each register-wheel is provided on opposite sides with annular-front and rear flanges G GH, which form the hub of the wheel.
The front and rear iianges of the tens and hundreds wheels have notches or recesses g g', respectively; 75
but the units-wheel has a notch g only in its rear hub-flange.
H represents an actuating rock-arm for effecting the registering movement of the wheels.
This arm is mounted on the shaft be- 30 tween the front standard B and the unitswlieel E'and maybe oscillated one-tenth of a circle by any suitable means.
The actuating-arm is provided with a pawl L, which is arranged to engage the teeth of the unitswheel and advance the same one space during the forward movement of the arm and to clear said teeth during its backward movement independentof the wheel.
The actuating-arm and its pawl are preferably formedintegrally from a piece of spring sheet metal, as shown pawl being defiected in Fig. 6, the end of the toward the units-wheel, as shown in Fig. 11,y
to permit the same to `properly engage its teeth. Y
Lrepresents a transfer or carrying pawl whereby the units-wheel at the end of each rotation is temporarily coupled with the tens- Y metal inthe form of a split ring or crescent.
and is arranged between the peripheral and hub flanges on the rear side of its respective wheel. The transfer-pawl is interloclred with its wheel by means of a lip or lug c' formed on its inner edge near one end and secured in the.
recess g of the rear hub-flange by clenching or bending the edges or end walls of this recess over the lip, as shown at ',Fig 8. rlhe free end of the transfer-pawl is provided with a tongue 2, which projects laterally through the recess f in the outer flange F of the respective wheel and beyond the periphery thereof, as shown in Figs. 1, 5, and 9. In the normal position of the transfer-pawlwhich it occupies during nine-tentlis of a complete rotation the resilience of the pawl retracts its tongue wholly within the recess f, so that its wheel rotates without affecting the wheel next in advance of the saine. During the last tenth of each rotation of vthe units register-wlieel the tongue ofits transfer-pawl is deflected or moved laterally and caused to enter the space between two teeth of the tens register-wlieel, thereby coupling these two wheels and causing them to turn together. rlhe transferpawl remains in its coupling position during one-tentli of a rotation of the wheel *for advancing the higher wheel one number, and then the pawl is retracted from the higher wheel, so that the lower wheel continues its intermittent forward movement independent of the higheil wheel. During the last one-tentli of a rotation of the tens wheel the same is coupled in like manner with the hundredswheel for advancing the same one number.
The preferred means for engagingand disengaging the transfer-pawl of a lower wheel with the teeth of a higher wheel consists of a cam y', formed on a plate J, which is secured to the base of the frame. The two cam-plates which shift the transfer-pawls for coupling the units and tens wheels and the pawl for coupling the tens and hundreds wheels are preferablyformed in one piece, as shown in Fig. l0, and the operative parts of these carnplates are curved concentrically with the register-wlieels, so that the tongues of the transfer-pawls engage the same properly.
For the purpose of holding the registerwheels against accidental displacement a detent device isprovided,which preferably consists of a plurality of detent-pawls K, eachofy 2 periphery.
which is arrangedvertically in rear of the register-wheels and is provided with a V- shaped `nose s, which enters thespacebetweentwo-teethof the register-wlieel. The d etent-pawls of the several register-wlieels are preferably formed out of `a single-sheet of spring metal and are connected at their lower ends by a horizontal plate k2, which is secured to the base of the frame.
wheels against turning ordinarily; but these pawls yield and permit the wheels to turn 1 when sufiicient power is applied to overcome the tension of the detent-pawls.
The means for resetting the register to zero or turning the same to the starting position is constructed as follows:
L represents a resetting wheel or disk rigidly secured on the shaft between the highest or last register-wheel and the rear standard of the frame.
M Ml M2 represent resetting-pawls mounted, respectively, on the resetting hundreds and tenswheels and constructed to engage with stops or shoulders m m m2 on the hundreds, tens, and units wheels for coupling these wheels when their restoration to Zero is desired. Each of the resetting-pawls is preferably constructed of spring sheet metal in the form of a split ring or crescent, which is provided near its fixed end with an inwardlyprojecting lip n, while its free end is bent laterally. T he pawl M of the resetting-wheel is arranged in anannular groove formed on its front side by an inner annulanflange 0, arranged around its bore, and an outer annular flange 0', arranged at its margin or periphery. The resetting-pawl M is secured to the resetting-wlieel by engaging its lip n with a recess 02 iii the inner flange 0 and clenching or bending the edges of said recess over the lip in the same manner in which the transfer-pawls are secured to their wheels.
The shoulder m of the hundreds-wheel is` formed by a lateral bend on one end of a split ring or crescent P, which is seated in an annular groove formed on the rear side of the liindreds-wheel Vbetween an inner annular the hundreds-wheel by means lof a tongue q, projecting laterally therefrom into a recess or notch q in the outer flange p', and alip g2, ar-
ranged on the inner edge of the ring P and vsecured in a recess 7 in the inner flange p by;
clenching or bending the edges of the same over the lip in the same manner 1n which the transfer-pawls are secured to their wheels.V The stops or shoulders m m2 of the units and tens wheels are formed by bending the fixed ends of the transfer-pawls I I laterally, as Ishown in Figs. 9 and l1.
The stop-ringis held in place on'I Y l Y The tension of the datent-WWE iS Suicient vto hold the register- IOO ,rter-wheels to Zero, the
- wam or in the same direction 1n whlch the It will be noted that the ring for supporting the resetting stop or shoulder on the hundreds-wheel is in all respects like the rings on the units and tens wheels forming the transfer-pawls I I', excepting that the tongue of the stop-ring P does not project beyond theperiphery of the hundreds-wheel.
rIhe resetting-pawls are preferably so arranged that they engage with the shoulders on the wheels in front of the same upon moving the resetting-pawls forwardly or in the same direction as the counting movement of the wheels; but when the registering-wheels move forward relatively to the resettingpawls the shoulders of said wheels deiiect the free ends of the pawls in tripping past the same. When it is desired to reset the regisshaft is turned forregister-wheels move in counting numbers. During this movement the resetting-pawl M turns idly until it engages the shoulder m ofthe hundreds-register, and then the latter is compelled to turn with the shaft. manner the tens and units wheels are successively coupled with the shaft by the resettingpawl M on the hundreds -wheel engaging with the shoulder m on the tens-wheel and the resetting-pawl M2 of the latter engaging with the shoulder m2 of the units-wheel. After all the register-wheels`have been thus coupled with the shaft all the numbers of the same order are in line. The usual casing for the register is provided, having a sight-aperture through which a line of numbers on the register-wheels is visible. Any suitable means may be employed for arresting the movement of the shaft when all the register-wheels have been turned to zero and the row of ciphers is opposite the aperture in the inclosing casing.
I claim as my inventionl. In a register, the combination of a plurality of denomination-wheels arranged axially in line each higher wheel having an annular row of teeth facing the next lower wheel, a transfer-pawl secured at one end to a lower wheel and projecting at its opposite end beyond the periphery of the wheels, and a stationary cam arranged wholly outside of the periphery of said wheels and in position to be engaged by the outer end of said pawl for shifting the same into engagement with said teeth, substantially as set forth.
2. In a register, the combination of a plurality of denomination-wheels arranged axially in line each higher wheel having an annular row of teeth on its front side and each lower wheel having an annular flange on its rear side provided with a recess, a transferpawl secured at one end to a while its opposite end projects recess beyond the periphery of an lower wheel through said said wheels, a stationary cam arranged outside of said In like on its rear side which is provided with a recess and each higher wheel having' teeth on its front side, a transfer-pawl having' a lip at one end which is secured in said recess by bending the end walls of the same over said lip while its opposite end projects beyond the periphery of the wheels, and a cam arranged to be engaged by said pawl for shifting the same into engagement with said teeth, substantially as set forth.
4. In a register, the combination of a plurality of denomination-wheels arranged axially in line, each higher wheel having an annular row of teeth on its front side and each lower wheel having an annular iange on its rear side and provided with a recess, a crescent-shaped transfer-pawl secured at one end to the front side of the lower wheel and provided at its opposite end with a tongue projecting laterally through said recess beyond the periphery of said lower wheel, and a stationary cam arranged to engage said tongue and shift the same into engagement with said teeth, substantially as set forth.
5. In a register, the combination of a plurality of denomination-wheels arranged axially in line, each higher wheel having an annular row of teeth on its front side and each lower wheel having an inner annular flange provided with a recess and an outer annular flange provided with a recess, a crescentsh aped transfer-pawl having an inwardly-projecting lip near one end which is secured in the recess of the inner flange by bending the end walls of said recess over said lip and a tongue at its opposite end which projects laterally through the recess in the outer iange and beyond the periphery of the respective wheel, and a stationary cam for engagingsaid tongue and shifting the same into engagement with saidteeth, substantially as set forth.
6. In a register, the combination of a plurality of wheels arranged axially in line, each lower wheel having a shoulder on its rear side, and each higher wheel having an inner annular iange provided with a recess, and a crescent-shaped resetting-pawl having an inwardly-projecting lip at one end which is secured in said recess by bending the end walls of the same over the lip while its opposite end is deflected laterally so as to engage said shoulder of the next lower wheel, sub-v stantially as set forth.
In a register, the combination of a plurality of denomination-wheels arranged axi- IOO IIO
tially as set forth.
8. In a register, the eoinbination of a frame provided with standards having half-bearings, a shaft journaled on one Side in said bearings, a catch engaging over the opposite side of said shaft, and denomination-Wheels mounted on said shaft between the standards, substantially as set forth. f
Witness my hand this 16th day of September, 1903. MARQUIS Hf JOHNSON.
Witnesses:
THEO. L. Porr, EMMA M. GRAHAM.
US17380503A 1903-09-19 1903-09-19 Register. Expired - Lifetime US765342A (en)

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