US762835A - Device for opening or closing gates. - Google Patents

Device for opening or closing gates. Download PDF

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Publication number
US762835A
US762835A US15532603A US1903155326A US762835A US 762835 A US762835 A US 762835A US 15532603 A US15532603 A US 15532603A US 1903155326 A US1903155326 A US 1903155326A US 762835 A US762835 A US 762835A
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Prior art keywords
gate
ropes
latch
opposite
rope
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US15532603A
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Henry C Morgan
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Henry C Morgan
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F11/00Man-operated mechanisms for operating wings, including those which also operate the fastening
    • E05F11/02Man-operated mechanisms for operating wings, including those which also operate the fastening for wings in general, e.g. fanlights
    • E05F11/04Man-operated mechanisms for operating wings, including those which also operate the fastening for wings in general, e.g. fanlights with cords, chains or cables

Description

- No. 762,835. PATENTED JUNE 14, 1904.-
H. c. MORGAN. .DE-VIGE' FOR OPENINGOR CLOSING GATES. APPLIUATION FILED MAY '2, 1903.
N0 MODEL.
Fi I.
m: norms mm m. menu-um. wAsnmnYOrQ'o c UNITED STATES Patented June 14, 1904.
PATENT OFFICE.-
DEVICE FOR OPENING OR CLOSING GATES.
SPECIFICATION forming, part of Letters'Patent No. 762,835, dated June 14, 1904;. Application filed May 2, 1903. serial No. 155,326. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, HENRY O. MORGAN, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Eugene, Lane county, Oregon, have invented a new and useful Device for .the Opening or Closing of Gates, of which the following is a specification.
My invention is an improvement in gates, and has for an object to provide novel constructions whereby a party approaching the gate from either side may open the gate toward or away from him as may be desired; and the invention consists in certain novel constructions and combinations of parts, as will be hereinafter described and claimed.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of a gate embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a top plan view thereof, parts being removed. Fig. 3 is a detail side view of the bell-crank lever for releasing the gate-latch, and Fig. 4 is a detail top plan view of said lever.
The gate proper may in general respects be of ordinary construction, being hinged at one end to the post A'and latched at its other end in connection with the post R. To this end the gate has a latch M in the form of a bar hinged at its rear end and engaging at its outer end at Z with the post R and at X with the posts Q, on the opposite sides of the gate. By this construction the gate when closed is held to the post R and when opened in either direction is held to the proper post Q.
The gate is provided with the strut-braces S, which project upwardly at an incline beyond the hinged edge of the gate and support a platform U, upon which weights may be placed to counterbalance the weight of the swinging end of the gate.
The gate is provided with a top bar H, which projects rearwardly beyond the hinged edge of the gate and supports at its outer end the cross bar or head J, which projects equally on opposite sides of the top bar H and supports at its ends the pulleys K, which form guides for the ropes P and V, which will be described.
The latch-bar M is connected by rods G and links between said rods and the latch M with one arm of the bell-crank lever B, said lever being pivoted at D and having its lower arm provided on opposite sides with ears or projections to which the rods G may be secured at E and F, as will be understood from Figs. 1, 2, and 4. By connecting the rods G with the latch M by the links, as shown in Fig. 1, the latch M may be operated by hand without disturbing the bell-crank lever B, which latter is operated by the devices presently described.
A rod L connects at one end with the upper arm of the bell-crank lever B at Oand is held slidably in suitable guides upon the upper edge of the gate, so that the said rod L can be moved longitudinally to operate the lever B to release the latch M. This rod Lis provided at its rear end with an eye W, to which are secured the ropes, which I will now describe. The ropes employed may for convenience of reference be termed the inner ropes V and the outer ropes P. The outer ropes P are guided at one end by arms mounted on the posts Q, so as to extend quartering over the road, so that ropes can be reached from a vehicle around the pulleys K from the rear side ofsaid pulleys and thence forward and unite at O and are connected with the eye WV. By this means it will be noticed that if the rope P on one side or the other be drawn upon the said rope will first release the latch M through the rod L and connections G and will then swing the gate to open the latter away from the person pulling upon the rope P, and the gate when it swings open will engage by its latch M with the post Q at X and will be held open until the latch is again released. If now it be desired to open the gate toward the operator, he will draw upon the rope V. This rope V extends through the eye W and connects with the rope P on. the opposite side of the gate at a point outside of the pulley K, so that if the rope V on either side be drawn upon it will operate upon the rope P on the opposite side of the gate, and sotend to open the gate toward the operator. After the operator has gone through the gate it is only necessary to draw upon the ropes to release the latch M from its engagement at X with the opposite post Q and adjust the gate to closed position.
The pulleys K may be double block.
By my invention it Will be noticed I so arrange the ropes and pulleys as to enable the operator to open and close the gate from any point on the ground, in a wagon, or on a load of hay, or the gate may be opened by a child on the ground or by a man on horseback or without the use of ropes, as may be desired.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination substantially as herein described, of the gate, the hinge and latch posts for said gate, the posts on the opposite sides of the gate having means for engagement by its latch, the bell-crank lever on the gate, the rods and links connecting one arm of said bell-crank lever with the latch, the rod sliding on the gate and secured at one end to the other arm of the bell-crank lever and provided at its opposite or rear end with an eye, an extension in rear of the gate having a cross-bar provided at its opposite ends with guide-pulleys, and the pairs of ropes on opposite sides of the gate consisting each of the outer rope passing around its respective pulley from the rear side and thence forward and connecting with the eye of the slide-rod, and the inner rope passing through the eye on the slide-rod and connecting with the outer rope of the opposite pair, and guides for the ends of said inner and outer ropes, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination of the gate, the extension in rear of the gate provided with the opposite guide-pulleys, the inner and outer ropes, said outer ropes being disposed around their respective guide-pulleys from the rear side and passing thence forward and connected with the latch-releasing devices and arranged to open and close the gate and the inner ropes suitably guided and connectedwith the outer ropes of the opposite pairs substantially as a set forth.
3. The combination of the gate, the extension in rear of the hinges of the gate, the guide-pulleys on said extension, the outer ropes connected together and passing around i their respective guide-pulleys, the inner ropes 5 suitably guided on the gate and connected at one end with the opposite outer ropes adjacent to the guides for the latter, and the latch and the connecting devices between the latch and said ropes substantially as set forth.-
et. The combination of the latch, the bellcrank lever, connections between one arm of said lever and the latch, the opposite rear guides for the outer ropes, the outer ropes passed around on their respective guides and connected at one end with the bell-crank lever, and the inner ropes connected with the outer ropes and with the bell-crank lever substantially as set forth.
5. The combination of the gate having an extension in rear of its hinges, and opposite guides on said extension for the outer ropes, the latch, the latch-releasing devices, the outer ropes passing around the opposite rear guides on the gate extension and thence forward and connected with the latch-releasing devices and the inner ropes suitably guided at one end on the gate and connected with the outer ropes adjacent to the guides for the latter, said outer and inner ropes being extended from the opposite sides of the gate, and suitable means for supporting such ends of the ropes in position for manipulation, substantially as set forth.
6. The combination with the gate having the projection in rear of its hinges, the latch, and connecting devices connected with the latch and having a guide arranged in advance of the rear extension of the gate, the posts on opposite sides of the gate, guides on the rear extension of the gate, the outer ropes extending from the opposite posts around said guides of the gate extension and thence forward and secured to the latch connection and the inner ropes extended from the opposite posts through the guide on the latch connection and thence rearwardly and connected at their ends with the opposite outer rope substantially as set forth.
HENRY C. MORGAN. Witnesses:
J. J. WVALroN, S. P. Nnss.
US15532603A 1903-05-02 1903-05-02 Device for opening or closing gates. Expired - Lifetime US762835A (en)

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