US762253A - Non-refillable bottle. - Google Patents

Non-refillable bottle. Download PDF

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Publication number
US762253A
US762253A US14088003A US1903140880A US762253A US 762253 A US762253 A US 762253A US 14088003 A US14088003 A US 14088003A US 1903140880 A US1903140880 A US 1903140880A US 762253 A US762253 A US 762253A
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Prior art keywords
valve
bottle
casing
aperture
neck
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US14088003A
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Charles M Rhodes
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves
    • B65D49/04Weighted valves

Definitions

  • My invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in non-refillable bottles, and has for its object novel means whereby the bottle may be effectually prevented from being refilled after the contents thereof have been exhausted.
  • Figure l is a vertical sectional view taken through a bottle-neck having my improved attachments applied in position. tle in such position as will permit a deeanting of its contents.
  • Fig. 1 taken on line 3 3 thereof.
  • Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view on line 4 4 of Fig. 1. f
  • Fig. 5 is a like View on line 5 5 of Fig. 1, showing the valve removed.
  • Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the lower valve.
  • Fig. 7 is a like view of the upper valve, and
  • Fig. 8 is a modiiication to be specifically referred to hereinafter.
  • a bottle preferably provided on the interior of its neck, at the lower portion thereof, with a shoulder 1, the bottle in other respects being in common with those in ordinary usage.
  • This shoulder is adapted to receive a casing 2 of such diameter as will leave a space 3 between itself and the bottle-neck for the reception of cement or any other fastening means as may be found most desirable.
  • This easing 2 at its upper portion is formed with vertical passage-ways 4, preferably of an are shape, providing webs 5, which support the body 6, formed on its lower end with a conical valveseat 7.
  • a partition 8 Located slightly below this valve-seat is a partition 8, which at its center is formed with an annular perforated member 9, whose position shown in Fig'. 1.
  • Fig. 2 is a like view showing the bot- Fig. 3 is a top plan view of l upper end preferably extends slightly above the partition 8 and provides a seat l0 for the reception of the conical valve.
  • This conical valve (designated at 11) is suitably faced on its under side with cork or rubber 1Q to forni a more perfect seal with the valve-seat 10 to prevent any liquid from gaining ingress into the bottle when the conical valve occupies the At its lower end the casing is closed and formed with an aperture 14 of a diameter larger than the valvestem 15.
  • the valve 16, borne by the valvestem 15, is preferably of circular contour and of such diameter as to entirely close aperture
  • the valve is formed of such material as will iioat, and when the bottle assumes its vertical position the valve will occupy the position shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings.
  • the valve-stem 15 is provided with a member 17, whose ends are turned upwardly to present lugs 18, which will engage with the bottom of the casing, as seen in Fig. 2, when the bottle is in such position as will permit of its contents being decanted, the Huid exhausting above the member 17 and through the aforesaid aperture 14.
  • the valve 16 may be also suitably faced, if found desirable.
  • Fig'. 8 of the drawings The construction employed in Fig'. 8 of the drawings is approximately identical with that IOO employed in the preferred form of the invention, with the exception that in this form the bottom of the easing 2 is formed to readily conform to the spherical shape of the ballvalve 20, as will be noted. rlhe collar 9' Varies slightly from that illustrated in the preferred form, in so far as its under side beneath the partition 8 is provided with cut-out portions 21, which permit the liquid to gain access to ment of the system of two valves has 'the same.
  • a bottle of the type set forth embodying a casing secured in the bottle-neck, and having a valve mechanism arranged therein, and a second valve mechanism arranged beneath first-named one, and embodying a valvestem, with a member secured thereto, and having its ends formed to space the member from the bottom of the last-named valve-seat.
  • a casing formed in its upper portion ⁇ with a web, a valve arranged directly beneath said web, and being adapted to engage the same, and a second valve arranged directly beneath the first-named valve.
  • a casing formed within an apertured partition, a valve closing said aperture, a web overlying said valve, a second valve, and a depending apertured member overlying said lastnamed valve.

Description

Patented June '7, 1904.
-UNITED STATES PATENT OEEicE.
CHARLES M. RHODES, OF STEUBENVILLE, OHlO.
NON-REFILLABLE BOTTLE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 762,253, dated June '7, 1904.
Application filed January 28, 1903. Serial No. 140,880. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES M. RHODES, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Steubenville, in the county of Jefferson and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Non-Refillable Bottles, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying' drawings.
My invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in non-refillable bottles, and has for its object novel means whereby the bottle may be effectually prevented from being refilled after the contents thereof have been exhausted.
in which like characters of reference indicate similar parts in the several views.
In the drawings, Figure l is a vertical sectional view taken through a bottle-neck having my improved attachments applied in position. tle in such position as will permit a deeanting of its contents.
Fig. 1, taken on line 3 3 thereof. Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view on line 4 4 of Fig. 1. f
Fig. 5 is a like View on line 5 5 of Fig. 1, showing the valve removed. Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the lower valve. Fig. 7 is a like view of the upper valve, and Fig. 8 is a modiiication to be specifically referred to hereinafter.
In carrying my invention into practice I employ a bottle preferably provided on the interior of its neck, at the lower portion thereof, with a shoulder 1, the bottle in other respects being in common with those in ordinary usage. This shoulder is adapted to receive a casing 2 of such diameter as will leave a space 3 between itself and the bottle-neck for the reception of cement or any other fastening means as may be found most desirable. This easing 2 at its upper portion is formed with vertical passage-ways 4, preferably of an are shape, providing webs 5, which support the body 6, formed on its lower end with a conical valveseat 7. Located slightly below this valve-seat is a partition 8, which at its center is formed with an annular perforated member 9, whose position shown in Fig'. 1.
l 14. Further objects of the invention will appear from the following specification and drawings,
Fig. 2 is a like view showing the bot- Fig. 3 is a top plan view of l upper end preferably extends slightly above the partition 8 and provides a seat l0 for the reception of the conical valve. This conical valve (designated at 11) is suitably faced on its under side with cork or rubber 1Q to forni a more perfect seal with the valve-seat 10 to prevent any liquid from gaining ingress into the bottle when the conical valve occupies the At its lower end the casing is closed and formed with an aperture 14 of a diameter larger than the valvestem 15. The valve 16, borne by the valvestem 15, is preferably of circular contour and of such diameter as to entirely close aperture The valve is formed of such material as will iioat, and when the bottle assumes its vertical position the valve will occupy the position shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings. The valve-stem 15 is provided with a member 17, whose ends are turned upwardly to present lugs 18, which will engage with the bottom of the casing, as seen in Fig. 2, when the bottle is in such position as will permit of its contents being decanted, the Huid exhausting above the member 17 and through the aforesaid aperture 14. The valve 16 may be also suitably faced, if found desirable.
It will be perceived from Fig. 2 that when the bottle is positioned to egress its contents the conical valve 11, by virtue of gravity, will readily seat within the valve-seat 7 and the valve 16 will become unseated from the hottom of the casing 2, and the contents of thel bottle may thus readily exhaust through the aperture 14 and the aperture 1), formed in the annular member 9, and from thence through the vertical passage-ways 4. Displacement of the conical valve 11 will be prevented by virtue of the ends of the body 6 extending below the apex of said valve, and it will be further perceived thata double-valve mechanism is thusprovided which will render it practically impossible to refill the bottle without indicating that the same has been tampered with. These valves operate independent] y of one another and the difiiculty attending any attempt to refill after the contained liquid has once been exhausted will be readily apparent.
The construction employed in Fig'. 8 of the drawings is approximately identical with that IOO employed in the preferred form of the invention, with the exception that in this form the bottom of the easing 2 is formed to readily conform to the spherical shape of the ballvalve 20, as will be noted. rlhe collar 9' Varies slightly from that illustrated in the preferred form, in so far as its under side beneath the partition 8 is provided with cut-out portions 21, which permit the liquid to gain access to ment of the system of two valves has 'the same.
advantage and effect in this the modification of my invention.
Should an attempt be made to refill the bottle when the latter occupies the position shown in Fig. 2, the liquid might be forced through passage 19; but at this point it will encounter valve 16, and owing to the latter being formed of a buoyant material the liquid owing to its weight will overcome that of the valve and force the latter to its closed position and prevent the liquid entering the interior of the bottle.
Various slight changes and alterations may be resorted to, such as the employment of different modes of securing the casing in the bottle-neck, and I therefore do not limit myself to the precise construction illustrated, but reserve the right to make slight alterations and changes such as fall within the scope and spirit of the invention.
Having thus fully described my invention, f
what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. A bottle of the type set forth, embodying a casing secured in the bottle-neck, and having a valve mechanism arranged therein, and a second valve mechanism arranged beneath first-named one, and embodying a valvestem, with a member secured thereto, and having its ends formed to space the member from the bottom of the last-named valve-seat.
2. A bottle of the type set forth embodying a easing in the bottle-neck, said casing having its bottom provided with an aperture, and a valve having a stem extending through said aperture, said valve adapted to seat on the upperV side of the bottom of the casing, and carrying on its stem a member having lugs adapted to engage the under side of the casing-bottom and space said member therefrom.
3. The Combination with the bottle-neck, and the casing arranged therein, of a partition arranged in said easing, a perforated member extending above and below said partition, a valve normally seated upon the upper end of said member, and a valve arranged in the lower portion of said casing.
4. The combination with a bottle-neck and the casing arranged therein, said casing being provided in its upperportion with averticallydisposed web having a recessed lower end, of an apertured partition arranged beneath said web, and a valve closing said aperture and being adapted to enter the recessof said web.
5. A casing formed in its upper portion` with a web, a valve arranged directly beneath said web, and being adapted to engage the same, and a second valve arranged directly beneath the first-named valve.
6. A casing formed within an apertured partition, a valve closing said aperture, a web overlying said valve, a second valve, and a depending apertured member overlying said lastnamed valve.
In testimony whereof I afix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
CHARLES M. RHODES.
Witnesses:
S. Gr.: MCCOMB, H. B. HuLMs.
US14088003A 1903-01-28 1903-01-28 Non-refillable bottle. Expired - Lifetime US762253A (en)

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