US551413A - Willakd b - Google Patents

Willakd b Download PDF

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US551413A
US551413A US551413DA US551413A US 551413 A US551413 A US 551413A US 551413D A US551413D A US 551413DA US 551413 A US551413 A US 551413A
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Prior art keywords
bottle
head
valve
neck
groove
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves
    • B65D49/04Weighted valves

Definitions

  • This invention relates to improvements in that class of stoppers that are placed in bottle-necks to prevent the refilling of the bottles.
  • the object of my invention is to provide a new and improved stopper of that kind which is simplein construction, can readily be placed in a bottle-neck and firmly secured in the same and which thoroughly prevents pourin g liquid into the bottle after the stopper has been inserted.
  • the invention consists in the construction and combination of parts and details, as will be fully described and set forth hereinafter.
  • Figure l is a side view of my improved stopper in the bottle-neck, showing the wooden fastening-ring before the same has been expanded.
  • Figs. 2, 3, and 4 show modified constructions of the stopper in a bot tlencck.
  • the stopper is constructed with a head A, fitting snugly in the neck 13 of the bottle and having a central aperture a, through which the liquid can be poured out of the bottle.
  • a guard-cup C made integral with the head and provided with a series of apertures or slots O, extends downward from the under side of said head, as shown.
  • the bottom annular edge of the head A is rounded or beveled, as shown, and a short distance above said. rounded edge the head is provided with the exterior annular groove D, which when the head is placed in the bottleneck registers with an interior annular groove E in the bottle-neck, the bottom of said groove being rounded or beveled oif, as shown.
  • a ring 1* of compressed wood is sprung into the groove D in the head A, the thickness of said ring being such that it does not project beyond the periphery of said head, as shown in Fig. 1, so as not to interfere with inserting the head into the bottleneck B.
  • the bottom of the groove E is rounded oil in the manner shown and described for the purpose of guiding the wooden. ring F when it expands into said groove, for if the bottom of the groove were not rounded cit the ring might be jammed against the inside of the neck and in that case would not pass into the groove.
  • the head may be provided with a cage G, extending downward from the same and which, with the head, is inserted into the bottle, as shown in Fig. 1, or the head may be constructed without said cage, as shown in the remaining figures.
  • a seat for a valve H is formed or said sea-t maybe formed by an annular interior projection I of the bottle-neck.
  • the valve 11 is approximately in the shape of an inverted cone exteriorly rounded off at the wider end, so as to have a ball-bearing on its seat.
  • From the bottom of said valve H a series of radial wings J project,which increase in width from their upper to their lower ends, the weight of said wings being greater than that of the valve, so as to hold the valve on its seat.
  • the valve H is lifted from its seat and the wings J serveto seat the valve when the bottle is righted again.
  • the wings J do not interfere in the least with the ready flow of the liquid, even when the edges of said wings rest against the bottom of the cage G or the bottom of the annular flange or collar 1 in the bottleneck.
  • the valve Il may have an iiiverted conical part it fitting on the valveseat and. a central upward conical projection h, whiclnwhen valve opens, passes into an inverted conical recess L in the closed bottom of the guard-neck G. ⁇ Vhen the bottle is righted again the valve is guided and directed properly upon its seat by said projection 71. and recess L.
  • the projection it also serves for guiding liquid that is poured into the bottle toward the rim or seat part of the valve Having thus described inyinvention, what,

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Containers And Packaging Bodies Having A Special Means To Remove Contents (AREA)

Description

wm Em TS SE T W a d 0 m o W Patented Dec. 17, 1895.
. INVENTOH ATTORNEY.
U ITED STATES PATENT FFICE.
WILLARD BjsrEvEns, on NEW YORK, n. r.
BOTTLE-STOPPER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 551,413, dated December 17, 1895. Application filedMarch 2, 1895. Serial No. 540,295. (No model.)
T0 at whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLARD B. STEVENS, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Stoppers, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in that class of stoppers that are placed in bottle-necks to prevent the refilling of the bottles.
The object of my invention is to provide a new and improved stopper of that kind which is simplein construction, can readily be placed in a bottle-neck and firmly secured in the same and which thoroughly prevents pourin g liquid into the bottle after the stopper has been inserted.
The invention consists in the construction and combination of parts and details, as will be fully described and set forth hereinafter.
In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and in which like letters of reference indicate like parts in all the views, Figure l is a side view of my improved stopper in the bottle-neck, showing the wooden fastening-ring before the same has been expanded. Figs. 2, 3, and 4 show modified constructions of the stopper in a bot tlencck.
The stopper is constructed with a head A, fitting snugly in the neck 13 of the bottle and having a central aperture a, through which the liquid can be poured out of the bottle. A guard-cup C, made integral with the head and provided with a series of apertures or slots O, extends downward from the under side of said head, as shown.
The bottom annular edge of the head A is rounded or beveled, as shown, and a short distance above said. rounded edge the head is provided with the exterior annular groove D, which when the head is placed in the bottleneck registers with an interior annular groove E in the bottle-neck, the bottom of said groove being rounded or beveled oif, as shown.
A ring 1* of compressed wood is sprung into the groove D in the head A, the thickness of said ring being such that it does not project beyond the periphery of said head, as shown in Fig. 1, so as not to interfere with inserting the head into the bottleneck B.
After the head has been inserted in such a manner that the grooves D and E register, and the liquid contained in the bottle saturates the ring F of compressed wood, the latter swells and expands and fills both grooves D and E, thereby securely holding the stopper in the bottle-neck, as shown in Fi 2.
The bottom of the groove E is rounded oil in the manner shown and described for the purpose of guiding the wooden. ring F when it expands into said groove, for if the bottom of the groove were not rounded cit the ring might be jammed against the inside of the neck and in that case would not pass into the groove.
The head may be provided with a cage G, extending downward from the same and which, with the head, is inserted into the bottle, as shown in Fig. 1, or the head may be constructed without said cage, as shown in the remaining figures. At the bottom of said head a seat for a valve H is formed or said sea-t maybe formed by an annular interior projection I of the bottle-neck. The valve 11 is approximately in the shape of an inverted cone exteriorly rounded off at the wider end, so as to have a ball-bearing on its seat. From the bottom of said valve H a series of radial wings J project,which increase in width from their upper to their lower ends, the weight of said wings being greater than that of the valve, so as to hold the valve on its seat.
Vhen the bottle is tilted to pour out its contents, the valve H is lifted from its seat and the wings J serveto seat the valve when the bottle is righted again. At the same time the wings J do not interfere in the least with the ready flow of the liquid, even when the edges of said wings rest against the bottom of the cage G or the bottom of the annular flange or collar 1 in the bottleneck.
As shown in Fig. 3, the valve Il may have an iiiverted conical part it fitting on the valveseat and. a central upward conical projection h, whiclnwhen valve opens, passes into an inverted conical recess L in the closed bottom of the guard-neck G. \Vhen the bottle is righted again the valve is guided and directed properly upon its seat by said projection 71. and recess L. The projection it also serves for guiding liquid that is poured into the bottle toward the rim or seat part of the valve Having thus described inyinvention, what,
I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination with a bottle having an interior annular groove in its neck directly below the upper end of the same, the bottom of which groove is rounded off, of a stopper fitting in the bottle neck and provided with an exterior annular groove a short distance below its upper end and of a wooden retainin g ring located within the said two grooves.
2. The combination with a bottle of a head held in the neck of the same, which neck has a downwardly projecting guard cup, an upwardly opening valve below said guard cup, which valve is provided with downwardly projecting radial wings, increasing in width from their upper to their lower ends, the upper ends of said wings being permanently fixed directly to the bottom part of the valve, substantially as herein shown and described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name, in presence of two witnesses, this 1st day of March, 1895.
WILLARD l3. EVEN'S.
Vitnesses:
OSCAR F. GUNZ, N. M. FLANNERY.
US551413D Willakd b Expired - Lifetime US551413A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060037894A1 (en) * 2004-08-19 2006-02-23 Mukesh Kumar Particle filter for fuel cell coolant
WO2006090291A2 (en) 2005-02-25 2006-08-31 Fondazione Centro San Raffaele Del Monte Tabor Method for expanding cd4+ cd25+ t regulatory cells
WO2011109833A2 (en) 2010-03-05 2011-09-09 President And Fellows Of Harvard College Induced dendritic cell compositions and uses thereof
WO2012171882A1 (en) 2011-06-11 2012-12-20 Hans-Dieter Volk Antigen-specific central-memory t cell preparations having high cd4+ fraction
WO2017029391A1 (en) 2015-08-20 2017-02-23 INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale) New method for treating cancer
WO2019002168A1 (en) 2017-06-26 2019-01-03 INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale) Methods and pharmaceutical compositions for the treatment of olmsted syndrome
WO2019012024A1 (en) 2017-07-13 2019-01-17 INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale) Methods for increasing expansion and immunosuppressive capacity of a population of cd8+cd45rclow/- tregs
WO2020053125A1 (en) 2018-09-10 2020-03-19 INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale) Methods for the treatment of neurofibromatosis
WO2024008799A1 (en) 2022-07-06 2024-01-11 Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale Methods for the treatment of proliferative glomerulonephritis
WO2024028433A1 (en) 2022-08-04 2024-02-08 Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale Methods for the treatment of lymphoproliferative disorders

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060037894A1 (en) * 2004-08-19 2006-02-23 Mukesh Kumar Particle filter for fuel cell coolant
US7445705B2 (en) 2004-08-19 2008-11-04 Ford Motor Company Particle filter for fuel cell coolant
WO2006090291A2 (en) 2005-02-25 2006-08-31 Fondazione Centro San Raffaele Del Monte Tabor Method for expanding cd4+ cd25+ t regulatory cells
WO2011109833A2 (en) 2010-03-05 2011-09-09 President And Fellows Of Harvard College Induced dendritic cell compositions and uses thereof
WO2012171882A1 (en) 2011-06-11 2012-12-20 Hans-Dieter Volk Antigen-specific central-memory t cell preparations having high cd4+ fraction
WO2017029391A1 (en) 2015-08-20 2017-02-23 INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale) New method for treating cancer
WO2019002168A1 (en) 2017-06-26 2019-01-03 INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale) Methods and pharmaceutical compositions for the treatment of olmsted syndrome
WO2019012024A1 (en) 2017-07-13 2019-01-17 INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale) Methods for increasing expansion and immunosuppressive capacity of a population of cd8+cd45rclow/- tregs
WO2020053125A1 (en) 2018-09-10 2020-03-19 INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale) Methods for the treatment of neurofibromatosis
WO2024008799A1 (en) 2022-07-06 2024-01-11 Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale Methods for the treatment of proliferative glomerulonephritis
WO2024028433A1 (en) 2022-08-04 2024-02-08 Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale Methods for the treatment of lymphoproliferative disorders

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