US753109A - poppenhusen - Google Patents

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US753109A
US753109A US753109DA US753109A US 753109 A US753109 A US 753109A US 753109D A US753109D A US 753109DA US 753109 A US753109 A US 753109A
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trigger
shaft
members
toy
spring
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H11/00Self-movable toy figures
    • A63H11/06Jumping toys

Description

No. 753,109* PATENTBD PEB. 23,'-19o4- H. A. POPPBNHUSEN. ToY.

APPLIUATION FILED MAY 1. 1903.

NO MODEL.

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f from the body thereof.

Patented February 23, 1904.

UNITED STATES PATENT OEEICE.

HERMAN A. roPrENHsEN, or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

TOYl

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 753,109, ,dated February 23, 1904.

Application tiled May 1,1903. Serial Nc.`155,129. (No model.)

To all whom, t ina/y oon/cern: g

Be it known that I, HERMAN A. PorrnNHU- SEN, of Chicago, in the county of Cook and- State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Toys; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part'of Athis specification.

lThis invention relates to a novelspring-actuated toy adapted' for forward movement by a series of impulses imparted to movable impelling members that operate against the Hoor or surface upon which the toy rests, the device being more particularly intended to simulate an animal, such as a frog or rabbit, that moves forward by a series of leaps or jumps.

The invention consists in the matters hereinafter described, and pointed out in the appended claims.

As shown in the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of a toy having the form of a frog embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a view in side elevation of the impelling mechanism of the toy shown separately Fig. 3 is a plan view of said impelling mechanism. Fig. 4 is an elevation thereof as seenin end view, and Fig. 5 is a modied form of device for actuating the trigger of the device, and Fig. 6 illustrates a further modification of the trigger-actuating device.

As shown-in said-drawings, A indicates the hollow body ,of thetoy, which in the instance illustrated simulates a frog. B and C indicate front and-'rear impelling members, shown in the drawings as having the form of the front and rear legs of the frog.l Said impelling members are rigidly attached to the ends of horizontal rock shafts Bl and C, which are mounted in suitable bearings, shown in the drawings as formed by means of apertures in the walls of thehollow'body A.

Within the hollow body A is located a springoperated-actuating mechanism the frame'of which, as shown in theV drawings, consists of two parallel supporting members D D, which are attached to a base-plate D', which baseplate is secured in any suitable manner to the top of the hollow body A. In the said framearms .D D is mounted a horizontal rotative driving-shaft E, arranged parallel wit-h the shafts B' C and which projects at its ends beyond the said members D. Rigidly attached to the opposite ends of said shaft are two crankdisks F F', provided with crank-pins f f, which crank-pins project from the outer faces of the said disks. The crank-pin j' on the disk F engages a longitudinal slot g, formed in an actuating-arm Gr, which is rigidly attached to the shaft B of the forward impelling members B B. The crank-pin f of the disk F is engaged with a like slot'g in an actuatingarm G', which is rigidly attached to the shaft C of therear impelling members C C. The free ends ofthe said arms Gand Gr are adapted to swing or oscillate freely across the outer faces of they disks F F', and when said shaft E is turned or rotated the disks F and F' are turned therewith, and at each complete rotation of the disks the crank-pins f f through their engagement with the arms G G', will give a single oscillatoryv movement thereto or, in other words, will carry said arms from their normal position to the opposite limit of their throw and back again to such normal position. The said arms Gr G are so arranged with respect to the impelling members B and their normal positions the impelling members will be at the forward and upward limit of their stroke or movement, so that each time the crank-pins ff make a complete rotation the impellingmembers B and C will be thrown downwardly and rearwardly and again restored to their forward and elevated positions.

For giving rotative movement to the shaft E and the crank-pins f and f a suitably-applied spring is employed, the same, as shown, having the form of a coiled springH, which is wrappedaround and secured at its inner end to the said shaft E and is attached at its outer end to a normally xed stud e'. To provide for the winding of the spring, the stud is mounted on a wheel I,- which is adapted to turn on the shaft E and, is kadapted to be rotated for the purpose of winding the spring H. Said wheel is provided with a rigidlyattached ratchet-wheel I', engaged by a pawl 'IOO C that when the said actuating-arms are in 80 z", pivoted to the inner face of one of the frame members D. Said wheel I is, moreover, provided with peripheral teeth and intermeshes with a gear-pinion j on a windingshaft J, which passes horizontally through. the hollow body A and is provided at one of its ends with a finger-piece or button A', by which said shaft J may be turned with the effect of rotating the wheel I, and thus winding the spring H.

For the purpose of holding the shaft E from rotation during the winding ofthe spring and to release said shaft to permit the turning of the crank-pin j' f', I employ a trigger K, which is adapted for contact with the surface on which the toy rests and which projects below the level of the actuating members C and D when the same are in their normal p0- sitions and rest on said surface, so that the said trigger will be actuated or moved by contact with such supporting-surface when the toy is placed or dropped thereupon. Said trigger K is, moreover, arranged to engage a tooth or shoulder on a part which turns or rotates with the shaft E, so that the trigger will hold the shaft from turning under the action of the spring except when said trigger is actuated by contact with the surface on which the toy is placed.

As shown in the accompanying drawings, the trigger K is pivoted by means of a pivotpin 7c to the lower ends of the frame members D, and said trigger is provided at its inner end with a hooked arm K', adapted for engagement with a shoulder f 2, formed on one of the disks F', the hooked end of the arm K' being so arranged that when engaged with the shoulder f2 it will hold the disk from turning, and thus prevent movement of any of the parts under the action of the spring H.

The operation of the parts made as above described is as follows: At the time of winding the spring H the trigger will be engaged with the shoulder f2 on the disk F', so as to hold said disk from turning, said shoulder being arranged in such relation yto the crankpins ff' that when the disk is thus held from turning the actuating arms or members B and C will be held at the upper and forward limit of their oscillatory movement or in what may be termed the normal position of these parts. When the trigger K is thus engaged with the disk F' and the impelling members are in the position described and shown in Fig. 2, the free end of the trigger K, which projects downwardly in an inclined direction from the pivot 1, extends below the level of the free ends of said impelling members, as clearly shown in Fig. 2. If when the parts arein this position the toy be dropped or allowedv to rest upon aioor or horizontal surface, such as indicated by the dotted line in Fig. 2, the free end of the trigger K will be lifted when it strikes such surfaceand will rise until the impellingv members B and C come to rest upon said surface f- As said free end of the trigger K is elevated, however, its hooked arm becomes disengaged from the shoulder jai-thereby releasing the said disk and permitting rapid rotation of the crank-pins under the action of the spring. Such turning of the crank-pins will have the effect of throwing theforward ends of the oscillatory members B and C downwardly and rearwardly, and the downward and rearward pressure of the impelling members on the supporting-surface will have the effect of impelling the-toy upwardly and forwardly, so as to simulate the leap or jump of a frog or other animal. As soon as the toy rises from the supporting-surface the free or lower end of the trigger will descend by gravity, with the result of'throwingits hooked arm K' in position to again engage the shoulder f2, so that at the completion of a single revolution of the crank-pins ff' the movement of said crankpins will be stopped or arrested, and the parts will resume their original positions, the impelling members lbeing rst thrown downwardly and backwardly and then upwardly and forwardly in the turning ofthe crankpins, so that at the end of the rotative movement of said crank-pins said impelling members will be again held at the upward and forward limits of their oscillatory movement. The complete downward and upward oscillation of the impelling members, as well as the rengaging movement of the trigger described, will take place very quickly and will be accomplished during the time that the toy is in the air or is making its flight through the impulse given by the downward movement of the impelling members, so that when the toy again alightsl orl strikes the supportingsurface the parts will have been restored to their original positions and will be again in position for action in the same manner as before described. As a consequence of the movements described when the spring of the driving mechanism haspbeen wound up and the, toy is placed upon the floor or supportingsurface the impelling movements or impulses of the impelling members will continue until the spring has exhausted its force,so that the toy will advance by-a series of leaps or jumps until the spring has run down, it being of course understood that at eachV contact of the toy with the supporting-surface the trigger K will be actuated to release the operating mechanism, and thus permit the action of the impelling members in a manner to give a new forward-andfupward impulse to the toy.

VWhile I have shown the toy ashaving the form ofa frog, yet the same may simulatev a rabbit or other animal or it may have any other desired external shape. While the impelling members B and C are shown as `having Vthe form of the legs of the animal, yet this is not necessary, as--the figure ofthe animal may be complete in itself :separately from impelling mechanism, .and the latter.' vmay. be ad- IOO IIO

IIS

animal-as, for instance, in the case of a toy.

resembling a frog the legs maybe made separate from the impelling members and of rubber or other iiexible material, permitting kfree iiexure of the legs. Moreover, While I have shown the toy as having four impellingmembers, this being thought to be preferable, because With four such members the toy Will be likely to maintain its horizontal position when Y through a slight movement of one of the impelling members, the latter in such case being connected with the rotative partof the device, which operates it .by means aording a slight degree of lost motion. l Such a construction is shown in Fig. 5in which the rear impelling members C are utilized to operate the trigger. As shown insaid figure, the arm G has a slot g', Wider at its outer end than the crank-pinf, which engages said slot. In this case also the trigger consists of a rock-shaft L, having a hooked arm Z and a rigid arm L', attached to the shaft outside 'of the frame arm D and about in the plane of the arm G. A connecting-bar M is pivoted to the trigger-arm L and has slot m, engaged by a stud m on the actuating-arm G. A spring N is applied to hold the detent in position to engage the shoulder f2, and a stop-pin n on the arm D limits the movement of Vthe trigger under the action of the spring. When the arm G is in its normal position, the stud m' is in contact with the outer end of the slot m, and the spring N holds the trigger engaged with the disk and also holds the arm G', With the outer edge of the.

slot g,in contact with the crank-pinf. If now vthe toy is dropped upon the floor, the conta/ct of the impelling members therewith ,throvvsA said impelling members upward and s'vvings the arm G as far as permitted by lthe Width of the outer part of the slot g. This slight movement of the arm Gr will operate through the connecting-bar M tomove the trigger far enough to release it from the disk F. The disk will then turn and the crank-pin actuates the impelling members C in the same manner as before described, the arm G being permitted to move freely and independently of the trigger by the sliding of the Vstud m inwardly and outwardly in the slot m of the bar M.

The release of the impelling members may be effected by the movement of a Weight acting by gravity instead of by contact of a part of the mechanism with the surface on which the toy rests. Such a construction is shown in Fig. d, in Which the disk F' is provided With a shoulder f2, normally located at its upper part, and O indicates a trigger Which is spring.

pivoted at oto the frame-arm D above thesaid disk and is adapted to engage said shoulder. Said trigger in this instancehas the form of a lever pivoted between its ends on a pivot o Uand having on its end remote from its holding-tooth a Weight O. A spring P acts upon the said lever in a direction to lift the Weight, said spring being shown in the drawings as consisting vof a coiled expansively acting In this device the gravity of the Weight has such relation to the strength of the spring that they spring vWill hold the Weight elevated under ordinary circumstances, thereby maintaining -th'e trigger in engagement With the disk; but when the toy is dropped or alights upon the iioor the impetus of the Weight overcomes the force of the spring andv releases the trigger from the disk.

I desire to have it understood that the gen-Vv eral principles of my `invention may be embodied in mechanical forms differing from operating the said impelling members, a spring 9 5 applied to turn said shaft, a rotative disk which turns With the shaft, provided with a shoulder and a pivoted trigger engaging said shoulder to hold the disk and shaft from rotation and adapted to be released from said disk by contact of the toy with a supporting-surface.

2. The combination with oscillatory impelling members, of a shaft to which said members are attached, an arm rigid with said shaft, a spring-actuated disk provided with a crank-pin which engages a slot in said arm, said disk being provided with a shoulder and apivoted trigger adapted to engage said shoulder.

3. The combination With front and rear oscillatory impelling members, tvvo shafts to which said impelling members are'attaohed,

' an arm attached to each of said shafts, a springactuated shaft, disks attached to the opposite .ends of said shaft, crank-pins Which project Voutwardly from the disks and engage said arms, one of said disks having a shoulder, and

a trigger adapted to engage said shoulder.

IOO

IIO

4. A toy embracing a hollow body simulating an animal, front and rear shafts mounted in said body, impelling members attached -to the shafts, arms attached to the shafts, a

spring-actuated driving-shaft provided with crank-pins Which engage and give oscillatoryA movement to said arms, a disk on said shaft -provided with a shoulder, and a pivoted trigwhich said impelling members are attached, an arm attached rigidly to each shaft, a springactuated shaft, disks attached to the opposite ends of said spring-actuated shaft, said arms being provided at their inner ends with slots, crank-pins projecting outwardly from said disks, and each engaging the slot of one of said arms, one of said disks having a shoulder and a trigger adapted to'engage said shoulder.

6. The combination with front and rear oscillatory impelling members, two shafts to which said impelling members are attached, an arm attached rigidly to each shaft, a springactuated shaft, disks attached to the opposite ends of said spring-actuated shaft, said arms being provided at their inner ends with slots,

.crank-pins projecting outwardly from said disks, and each engaging the slot of one of said arms, one of said disks having a shoulder and a pivoted trigger adapted to engage said shoulder and to be released therefrom by contact of the toy with a supporting-surface.

7 A jumping toy comprising a frame having downwardly-projecting side members` attached to the body of the toy, a shaft extending between and having rotative bearing in said side members, a spring applied to said shaft to rotate the same, means for winding said spring, two disks, one on each end of said shaft, outside of said frame members, crankpins on said disks, front and rear oscillatory impelling members, two shafts to which said impelling members are attached, arms rigid with said shafts and adapted for engagement with the crank-pins of the disks, one of said disks being provided with a shoulder and a trigger pivoted to said frame and adapted for engagement with said shoulder of the disk.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I afHX my signature, in presence of two witnesses, this 2d day of April, A. D.

HERMAN A. POPPENHUSEN. Iitnesses:

WILLIAM L. HALL, GEORGE R. WmKINs.

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2680329A (en) * 1953-04-30 1954-06-08 Voorhis F Wigal Suction cup timing mechanism controlled animated toy
US3060631A (en) * 1959-02-18 1962-10-30 Georg Kohler Spiel Und Metallw Toy figures, particularly toy birds
US4308686A (en) * 1979-06-08 1982-01-05 Tomy Kogyo Co., Inc. Toy having appendage capable of moving in two directions
US5941755A (en) * 1998-02-06 1999-08-24 Mattel, Inc. Toy having jumping action

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2680329A (en) * 1953-04-30 1954-06-08 Voorhis F Wigal Suction cup timing mechanism controlled animated toy
US3060631A (en) * 1959-02-18 1962-10-30 Georg Kohler Spiel Und Metallw Toy figures, particularly toy birds
US4308686A (en) * 1979-06-08 1982-01-05 Tomy Kogyo Co., Inc. Toy having appendage capable of moving in two directions
US5941755A (en) * 1998-02-06 1999-08-24 Mattel, Inc. Toy having jumping action

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