US723174A - Packing bottles. - Google Patents

Packing bottles. Download PDF

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Publication number
US723174A
US723174A US11119802A US1902111198A US723174A US 723174 A US723174 A US 723174A US 11119802 A US11119802 A US 11119802A US 1902111198 A US1902111198 A US 1902111198A US 723174 A US723174 A US 723174A
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Prior art keywords
packing
vessel
bottle
springs
bottles
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US11119802A
Inventor
Alfons Mauser
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Alfons Mauser
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J41/00Thermally-insulated vessels, e.g. flasks, jugs, jars
    • A47J41/02Vacuum-jacket vessels, e.g. vacuum bottles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D23/00Details of bottles or jars not otherwise provided for
    • B65D23/001Supporting means fixed to the container

Description

" No. 723,174. l Y PATENTED MAR. 17, 1903.
l A. MAUSER.
121101111111n BOTTLES.
APPLIUATIDN FILED JUNE 11, 1902.
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N0.723,174. PATENTBD MAR.17,1903.
A. MAUSER.
PACKING BOTTLES.
.APIPLIOAIION FILED JUNE 11, 1902.
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ALFONS MAUSER, OF COLOGNE, GERMANY.
PACKING BOTTLES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N o. 723,174, dated March 17, 1903. Application iiled June 11, 1902. Serial No. 111,198. (No model.)
T @ZZ whom/t may concern:
Be it known that I, ALFoNs MAUSER, a citi-l zen of the German Empire, residing at Oologne, Germany, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Packing Bottles, of which the following is a description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings and to the figures of reference marked thereon.
The methods hitherto adopted of packing glass bottles or carboys Iilled with acid or the like in wicker-baskets, wood crates, or baskets of wire-netting with a lining of straw involve numerous drawbacks, which are particularly noticeable when it is a question of conveying or storing inflammable, corrosive, orparticularlyvaluableliquids. These drawbacks are well-known; but nevertheless up to the present` no other or better packing eX- ists. Thus, forinstance, the Deutsche Reichs versicherungsamt (German insurance office) y by a publication in the German OiczaZ Jour- 'nal (Ret'chsane'et'ger) of the 31st of July, 1899,V
admits that hitherto for the conveyance of strongly-concentrated acids-such, for instance, as nitric acid and mixed acid and the like-there does not exist a less dangerous and at the same time equally convenient means for packing than the ordinary bottles oricarboys inclosed in baskets with a straw lining, and therefore action can only be taken to mitigate the danger of such packing. For conveying particularly valuable liquidssuch, for instance, as ethereal oils-carboys have hitherto been practically inapplicable on account of the great danger of breakage, while in such cases the use of vessels formed of other materials than glass leads to many inconveniences and objections-for instance, owing to action upon or damage to the liquids or the receptacles and to increased eX pensesand the like.
fThe main drawbacks of the packings at present employed consistin, first, the rapid consumption `or wearing away of the packing;
second, in the infiammability of the packing materialpitself, andfconsequently in the easy transmission'of fire to adjoining baskets or other goods; third, the `danger of breakage from outside influences to which the packing opposes a small resistance and which danger is increased by careless or defective packing;
fourth, the want of protection against the consequences of spontaneous bursting of the bottles or carboys, which not infrequently oc- Curs,for instance,by reason of internal strains on the glass or by the influence of foreign bodies even after long and tested useof the carboys.
Now this invention has forits object a packing for glass bottles (carboys) which while removing all the drawbacks hereinbefore mentioned is quite as handy and light as the present form of packing and considerably eX- ceeds the latterin durability and in the smallness of cost of maintenance, and, further, reduces to a minimum the danger of fire and fracture and affords protection against the consequences of fracture and possesses other considerable advantages.
This improved packing consists., essentially, in the use of a water-tight packing-case secured against the action of acids, fire, and the like and made for the sake of lighter weight and cheapness of thin sheet `metal strengthened by grooves or ribs in which the carboy is elastically held in all directions and may be adjusted or suspended or packed separately by means of non-inflammable packing.
Someforms of construction of the object of the inventionwhich will Vbe 'hereinafter described are shown in the accompanying drawings, ;in which Figure 1 is a vertical section of a packing vessel with myiinprovements applied. Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof. Fig. 3is a vertical section of a vessel having a modified form of packing. Fig. 4 is a similar view with the cover raised and in side elevation. Figs. 5 and 6 are respectively a sideI elevation and section showing further modificar tions. Fig. 7 is aplan of the vessel shown in Fig. 5. Fig. 8 is a section on line B B, Fig. 6. Fig. 9` isV a vertical section of a vessel containing a further modified form of packing, and Fig. lO is a similar view showing a still different construction; I
I- have already applied for patents for `the packing vessel shown as an example in all these forms of packing and made in such a way of thin sheet metal that by rolling or impressing grooves 7of prolonged varying depth in the wall of the packing vessel 2 the latter is stilfened, and thereby also a form is im- IOD parted to it tapering to one end which is better suited to the outer form of the carboy 1.
Of course the conical form of packing vessels, although preferable, is not absolutely necessary, and they may have acylindrical or other suitable form.
In the packing Vessel of conical shape formed hy the impression of grooves of varying depth in the wall ofthe vessel the lower edge of the vessel has a Wave or corrugated shape and the bottom 3 has a U-shaped circular groove for the insertion of the edges of the casing, in which groove the casing may be tightly fastened after being inserted by means of rivets or the like or by means of a suitable material-such, for instance, as metal cement. The corrugated edge of the casing may, if desired, be flattened s'o far asit is inserted in this circular groove in the bottom 3, as shown in the vessels illustrated in Figs. 1 to 4, and it may beheld fast between the vertical edge of the bottom and a separate ring 17 of angular cross-section. The tight joint may also be formed directly bythe packing material.
In the arrangement shown in Figs. 1 to 4 the carboy is packed in a rigid or resilient frame 1l, suspended in a suitable manner in the packing-case 2. If hoop-iron, for instance, be employed for the frame, it is bent over at the top to form a hook l2, by means of which it may be suspended on the upper edge 5 of the vessel 2, which upper edge is strengthened by a wire insertion. If iron supporting-bands 11 be employed, they are Wrapped with asbestos cord 14, impregnated straw bands, or other suitable material, and
they are provided at their point of crossing with a depending pin 15, which fits in a bent piece 16, fixed on the bottom 3 of the vessel 2 with the object of preventing lateral oscillations of the lower part of the carboy. The supporting-bands have springs 13 at the top, with which they pass laterally against the walls of the vessel. At the top the bottle is held fast either by means of separate springs 8, Figs. 1 and 2, attached beneath the conical lid 6, or where the lid 9 is practically flat, Figs. 3 and 4, by means of springtongues 10, formed by slitting the inner edge of the lid. Instead of guiding the hanging frame 11 by means of pins 15 engaging in a bent piece 16 springs 33 may also be provided at the bottom of the frame, which springs bear laterally on the inner walls of the casing and elastically absorb side shocks on the packing vessel, Figs. 3 and 4. Instead of crossing the support bands 1l beneath the glass bottle or carboy they may be fixed below on a ring 37, Fig. 9, provided on its inner side with a covering 14h, and the bottles are then hung in this ring`37 and the carrying-bands 11a. The bands 11a then have springs 35 and 36 below and above, with which they rest against the inner walls of the vessel and elastically absorb side shocks. In all these methods of suspension the carboy is retained in an insertion which hangs in the vessel and has a spring action in all directions, and alldamage to the carboyor transport-bottle is thereby excluded. The springs S and spring-tongues 10, respectively, ofthe lid, which press on the bottle or carboy from above,are preferably wrapped at the places at which they rest on the glass bottle or carboy with soft material, such as asbestos cord or the like, in order to avoid any sharp pressure on the bottle.
In another form of construction of packing (shown in Figs. 5, 6, 8, and 10 by way of example) the bottle is loosely seated on a spring insertion 18, coated with resilient material 14ad and separately inserted in the packing Vessel, which insertion 18 is fixed in a stiftening-ring 19, loosely laid in the vessel 2 and adjustable in width. vThe vessel is preferably closed above by means of a lid, which engages over the bottle-neck and is fixed thereto by means of tongues 32 engaging over the edge 5 of the vessel 2, which edge is strengthened with a wire insertion.
The vessel 2 may also be provided above with a spiral groove 26, Fig. 10, which serves to stiften the vessel, and the cover 23 may have acorresponding threaded groove 25, which tits in the groove 26 in such a way that the cover or lid may be screwed on. Preferably a ring 34, of soft material, (asbestos cord or the like,) is laid between the lid 23 and the bottle-neck, by means of which ring the bottle is held elastically on all sides above. As the vessel and the lid are made of very thin sheet metal, the impressing of the threaded grooves is very easily effected.
Handles 22, Fig. 2, are formed in a simple manner by partially stamping out a portion of the vessel-casing and bending over the stamped-ont part in order to allow of the more convenient carrying of the packing vessels and their contents, these handles being provided on diametrically opposite sides, as shown. Of course separate handles 22, as shown, for instance, in Figs. 5 and 7, may also be employed, the bent-down ends of these handles engaging from above over the edge 5 of the closing-cover of the vessel and holding fast thereon.
The form oi:l the packing vessel may be otherwise selected, and its resistance may be further increased by the formation of grooves, rims, borders, and the like. The essential feature is merely that the weight of the same in spite of its great power of resistance must be kept as small as possible. The vessel may also be pressed or drawn in one piece, or, if desired, may be formed of several pieces suitably put together. As, however, the screws, rivets, flaps, or the like necessary for closing the seams have but little hold in thin sheet metal, as is well known, and as ekperience has shown are rapidly destroyed in damp rooms or places charged with acid vapors, the packing-case, or rather at least its outer casing, is preferably formed in one piece and IOC IIO
strengthened in the manner hereinbefore specified.
The usual form of the carboys or glass bottles aords especially great resistance to pressure in a vertical direction-that isto say, between the "belly and the domed annular bottom of the carboy, and Vthese parts also possess quitesufficient rigidity to hold the bottle fast in a horizontal direction. Experiments have shown that where the bottle or `carboy is packed with a spring-packing in a suspended or bottom frame its firmness is sufciently great to prevent any breakage of the lled bottle even with the greatest shocks so long as the springs are of sufficient strength and act simultaneously vertically and horizontally. i For the sake of security the springs Vbefore being inserted in the packing-case are tested at an increased spring-pressure where the spring-packing ofthe bottles is adopted. It is evident without further explanation that this method of packing affords the greatest security, owing to its being possible to examine thecbottles as to their condition after the packing has been completed. y
Glass bottles or carboys packed in the manner hereinbefore described are accepted for conveyance on board ship, and thereby trade incorrosive, inflammable, or specially valuable liquids is considerably facilitated.
Having now particularly described'and as# certained the nature of my said invention and in what manner the same is to be performed,
I declare'that what I claim is l. The combination with the outer case, of a yielding framework for the bottle within the casing, and a non-corrosive wrapping or,
covering for said framework.
2. The combination with the outer vessel or casing of its apertured cushioned cover, ofa framework suspended within the vessel and springs between the framework and the vessel.
3. The combination with the outer vessel or casing, of a framework suspended within the vessel to receive the bottle and springs between the framework and the vessel.
4. The combination with the outer vessel of a cushioning-framework suspended within the1 vessel to receive the bottle, a pin on the lower end of the framework, an apertured plate or step in the bottom of the vessel engaged by said pin.
5. The combination with the outer vessel, of a cushioning-framework suspended within the frame and provided at its lower end with ajpin stepped in the bottom of thevessel, and
y a centrally-apertured cover having springs to engage `the bottle. i
6. The combination with the outer vessel, of a cushioning-frame formed of crossed strips having hooks on their upper ends engaging the upper edge of the vessel, springs between the strip and the vessel and a centrally-apertured cover having springs to engage the bottle.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
` ALFONS MAUSER. Witnesses:
CHARLES LEsIMPLE, CARL SCHMITT.
US11119802A 1902-06-11 1902-06-11 Packing bottles. Expired - Lifetime US723174A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2728581A (en) * 1951-04-27 1955-12-27 Elmer C Goebert Aerial delivery containers
US3900121A (en) * 1973-11-16 1975-08-19 Vca Corp Package having bottle support member therein

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2728581A (en) * 1951-04-27 1955-12-27 Elmer C Goebert Aerial delivery containers
US3900121A (en) * 1973-11-16 1975-08-19 Vca Corp Package having bottle support member therein

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