US689444A - Double-door-hopper gate. - Google Patents

Double-door-hopper gate. Download PDF

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Publication number
US689444A
US689444A US7505001A US1901075050A US689444A US 689444 A US689444 A US 689444A US 7505001 A US7505001 A US 7505001A US 1901075050 A US1901075050 A US 1901075050A US 689444 A US689444 A US 689444A
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United States
Prior art keywords
gates
lever
hopper
box
fulcrum
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Expired - Lifetime
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US7505001A
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Edward Thompson Williams
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Edward Thompson Williams
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D47/00Closures with filling and discharging, or with discharging, devices
    • B65D47/04Closures with discharging devices other than pumps
    • B65D47/20Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge
    • B65D47/26Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge with slide valves, i.e. valves that open and close a passageway by sliding over a port, e.g. formed with slidable spouts
    • B65D47/261Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge with slide valves, i.e. valves that open and close a passageway by sliding over a port, e.g. formed with slidable spouts having a rotational or helicoidal movement
    • B65D47/265Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge with slide valves, i.e. valves that open and close a passageway by sliding over a port, e.g. formed with slidable spouts having a rotational or helicoidal movement between planar parts

Description

No. 689,444. v Patented Dec. 24, |90l E. T. WILLIAMS.

DOUBLE DOOR HOPPER GATE.

(Application filed. Sept. 11, 1901.)

2 sheets-459st I.

woman.

THE NORRIS PEY'LRS ca. PNQTD-LITHO,\VASHINGTON. n u

Patnted Dec. 24, l90l.

E. T. WILLIAMS.

DOUBLE DOOR HOPPER GATE.

(Application filed Sept. 11, 1901.)

2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

(No Model.)

9&2 glor- 'hforgeys M M w a I; w E fluiilllll m m w 9% 1 W %&I ll. W/w/ 4 Q0 w: norms PETERS co FHOTD-L|THO.. WASHINGTON, n c.

UNITE STATES PATENT OFFICE.

EDWARD THOMPSON WILLIAMS, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

DOUBLE-DO'OR-HOPPER GATE.

SPECIFICATION forming part Of Letters Patent No. 689,444, dated December 24, 1901.

Application filed September l1 1901. Serial No. 75,050. (No model.)

To aZZ whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, EDWARD THOMPSON WILLIAMS, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York city, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Double-Door-Hopper Gate, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to a double-door-hopper gate designed for general usage, but par ticularly adapted to be applied to coal-chutes in electric light and power stations and for other purposes or wherever a chute may be used; and the aim and purpose of the same is to positively operate the gate portions of the device, to open and close the latter by a downward pull exerted on the opposite extremities of a lever attached to the gates without the interposition of connecting-links or other fragile parts, and to provide for a proved gate mechanism applied thereto. Fig.

2 is a transverse vertical section of thebox or hopper and gates. Fig. 3 is a horizontal section taken through the box or hopper above the plane of the operating mechanism for the gates. Fig. 4 is a detail side elevation of one of the doors or gates.

Similar numerals of reference are employed to indicate corresponding parts in the several views.

The numeral l'designates a metallic box or hopper open at the top and bottom and provided at the upper end with a flanged or other construction 2 for readily attaching it to chutes or the like. The top of the box may be of any desired shape; but the lower portion should be rectangular in form. In the bottom of the box or hopper 1 and extending from front to rear is a permanent bridge 3, which is centrally disposed and parallel to the axis of the gate or door mechanism, which will be hereinafter set forth, and is also over the joint formed by the inner edges of the gates or doors when closed. This bridge may be of any desirable form, but preferably consists of an angle-iron section, with the apex of the angle turned upwardly and the sides formed forty-five degrees to the vertical. The lower terminals 4 of the sides of the box or hopper are slightly curved inwardly and are parallel to the axis of the gate or door mechanism to form a support from which the material passing through the box or hopper, especially coal, would tend to arch and relieve the gates or doors of much of the weight that would otherwise bear directly upon them.

The mechanism controlling the opening and closing of the lower end of the box or hopper includes a pair of hinged gates or doors 5 and 6 of approximately similar construction and dimensions, with the particular exceptions which will be hereinafter noted. Each of the gates below its point of attachment either to the box or hopper or the operating mechanism is precisely similar in construction to the other and includes a curved bottom 7 and opposite end flanges or Webs 8, that are adapted to close over the lower portions of the Opposite ends of the box or hopper l. The loweredges of the front and rear ends of the box or hopper and the bottoms 7 of the gates or doors 5 and 6 are similarly curved to give the gates a clearance in their closing and opening movements, the upper surfaces of the bottoms 7 being normally slightly below the lower edges of the front and rear sides of the box or hopper, asclearly shown by Fig. 2. The gates or doors also have inwardly-extending arms 9 at opposite ends, which continue regularly from the flanges or webs S, and the gate 5 has the upper ends 10 of its arms formed as fulcrum-eyes 11, and on the outer edge of the front arm of said gate 5, below the plane of the fulcrum-eye thereof, is an intermediate fulcrum projection 12. Continuing from one of the arms 9 of the gate 6 is a fulcrum extension 13, which is at a less angle than the said arm, and at the elbow 14 between the upper terminal of the'arm and extension a fulcrum-eye 15 is formed. The opposite arm .H of the gate or door 6 has a fulcrum-eye 16 and rear ends of the. box or hopper l, at an intermediate point and on opposite sides of the verticalcentral line therethrough, bosses 19 are formed to give a stable bearing for fulcrum-screws 20, 21, 22, and 23, which are respectively passed through the eyes 15 and 11 of the front arm of the gates G and 5 and also through the fulcrum-eyes of the rear arms of the said gates. The fulcrum screw or bolt 21 is made longer than the remaining screws, for a purpose which will presently be set forth; but it will he understood that said fulcruurscrews serve as the pivots on which the gates swing in their opening and closing movements, and through the medium of simple mechanism, which will now he explained, connections and trip mechanism for the gates are entirely dispensed with, and so far as the actual pivotal action of each gate is concerned it is entirely independent of the other gate. The location of the gate-pivots is in such relation to the center of gravity of the loaded gates that the weight of. material upon the gates tends to maintain them in closed position. v The means employed for opening and closing the gates is in the form of a lever 2t, whichhas a central fulcrum-eye 25, engaged by the fulcrum screw or bolt. 21, and by this means the single bolt or fulcrum-screw is made to serve a like function for both the lever and the frontarm 9 of the gate 5. Close to the fulcrum-eye 25 and at the left thereof the lever 24 is formed with a slot 26, which extends longitudinally of the said lever and therethrough,'and through the fulcrum-eye 18 of the extension 13 a fulcrum screw or bolt 27 is passed, the slot 26 giving a slight play to the lever 24 to overcome any'ten'denoy toward a deadlock of the gates and to insure a positive opening and closing movement of the latter. On the right side of thefulcrum-eye 25 the lever is connected by a fulcrum screw or bolt 28 to the intermediate fulcrum projection 12 on the front arm 9 of the gate 5.

The opposite ends of the lever 24: are formed with eyes 29, to which suitable pull-ropes, chains, or cables are adapted to be attached, and the arrangement of the parts is such that when one end of the lever is elevated the opposite end is lowered, and in the present instance when the gates or doors are closed the left extremity of the lever will be elevated and the right extremity of the same will be in a lowered position,

By pulling down the left end of the lever 24 to fully open the gates or doors the parts will change in position from that shown in full lines in Fig. 1 when the gates or doors are closed to that shown by dotted lines when the gates are fully open, and the bottom of the box or hopper 1 will be cleared. lVhen the gates are opened, the right extremity of the lever will be elevated, and to close the gates a direct downward pull of the extremity on the lever will result in the operation desired. Thus it will be seen that in operating the lever 24: to open and close the gates a downward pull is applied to the opposite extremities of said lever in both instances. In the operation of the lever the gates will move outwardly or inwardly simultaneously and equally, which is due to the fact that the provision of the extension 13 and the fulcrum projection 12 in such posit-ion in relation to each other and to the fulcrum of the lever, the latter fulcrum being eccentric in relation to the end of the box or hopper, that the downward pull on the lever either to open or close the gates will result in an instant or immediate transmission of the movement of the lever to the gates through the fulcrum projection 12 and extension 13. This mode of attachingthe leveris materially in advance, from a mechanical standpoint, of the link mechanisms ordinarily employed on account of the absence of lost motion, and, further, because the said extra parts are not in the way of the direct-applied power .of'the lever generated by the operation thereof. It will be seen that the gate 5 is caused to swing or move around the fulcrum for the lever 24, and at the time the gate 5 starts to move inwardly or outwardly the gate 6 is prevented from being sluggish in the least and immediately has a like motion imparted thereto through the medium of the extension connected to the lever, as explained, and continuing rigidly from the front arm 9 of the said gate 6. It will be seen that the fulcrumeyes of the arms 9, extension 13, and projection 12 are surrounded on the sides adjacent to the lever by bearing-lugs 30, so as to cause the lever to stand outwardly therefrom without binding thereon, and thus do away withthe necessity for separate connecting-links. Another reason for the accuracyin simultaneous operation of the gates is that the fulcrum connection between the extension 13 and the lever 24, as heretofore explained, is above the fulcrums for the gates when the latter are closed and below the said fulcrums when the gates are opened, and hence the power applied to the lever in either the opening or closing operation of the gatesv will be forcefully imparted to the extension 13 and to the gate 6 and directly to the arm 9 at the front of the gate 5.

In some instances it may be desired to hold the gates normally open, and this position can readily be obtained by attaching a weight to the extremity of the lever, which is operated in the present instance to open the gates.

This is an obvious expedient and will be readily understood by those skilled in the art. By such an arrangement the improved device can be made to operate to shut 05 at intervals a contin uous flow of material through the box or hopper 1. Theimproved construction has a wide range of application, and in View of its durability and simplicity, as well as its positiveoperation and certainty of action, it will prove a useful acquisition to devices for regulating and controlling the feed of materials of various kinds conducted through chutes or other analogous conduits. Though the preferred and simplified form of the improved device is shown in the accompanying drawings and particularly referred.

to in the foregoing description, it will be understood that changes in the form, size, proportions, and minor details may be resorted to without departing from the principle of the invention.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is- 1. In a mechanism of the class set forth, thecombination of a box or hopper, hinged gates cooperating with the lower portion thereof and having an outward and inward movement to respectively open and close the same, and an operating-lever directly connected to portions of said gates and actuated by a downward pull at opposite extremities to open and close the gates.

2. A device having hinged gates, and a lever directly connected to portions of the gates and operated by a downward pull exerted on opposite extremities to respectively open and close said gates.

3. In a mechanism of the class set forth, the combination of a box or hopper having a lower open end with the lower terminals of the sides curved inwardly to arch the contents thereof and also provided with a central permanent bridge,outwardly and inwardly opening and closing gates cooperating with said end of the box or hopper, and a lever directly attached to portions of the said gates and actuated to open and close the gates bya downward pull exerted on opposite extremities.

4. In a mechanism of the class set forth, the combination of a box or hopper having a lower open end, gates movably applied to the box or hopper to open and close the said lower open end thereof,and a lever directly attached to said gates and fulcrumed on one end of the box, the fulcrum for the lever serving also as the fulcrum for one of the gates.

5. In a mechanism of the class set forth, the combination of a box or hopper having an open bottom, gates cooperating with the said bottom to open and closeIthe same and provided with inwardly-extending arms, and an operating-lever directly attached to portions of said arms, the fulcrum for the lever serving also as a fulcrum for one of the gates.

6. In a mechanismof the class set forth, the combination of a box or hopper open at the bottom, a pair of gates cooperating with the open bottom of the box or hopper and having inwardly-projecting arms fulcrumed on opposite ends of thehopper, the one arm of one gate being provided with an extension and the adjacent arm of the other gate with a projection, and a lever fulcrumed on one end of the box or hopper and having a slot adjacent to its fulcrum with connecting means therein for said extension, the lever on the opposite side of its fulcrum being attached to said projection and the fulcrum of the lever serving also as the fulcrum for one of the gates.

7. In amechanism of the class set forth, the combination of a box or hopper open at the bottom and top, hinged gates cooperating with the open bottom of the box or hopper and having projecting devices at one.end,and an operating-lever fulcrumed eccentrically in relation to one end of the box or hopper and connected to said projecting devices.

8. In a mechanism of the class set forth, the combination of a box or hopper having an open top and bottom, gates cooperating with the said open bottom of the box or hopper,

and a lever fulcrumed on one end of the box 1 and directly connected to portions of the gates on opposite sides of its fulcrum, the connection for one portion of one gate being slidable in relation to the lever.

9. In a mechanism of the class set forth, the combination of a box or hopper having an open top and bottom with bosses on the outer sides of the opposite ends, a pair of gates cooperating with the open bottom of the box or hopper and having project-ing members fulcrumed on the said bosses, and a lever fulcrumed on the one end of the box by the fulcrum of one of the gates also directly attached to the said gates.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.

EDWARD THOMPSON WILLIAMS Witnesses:

EDWARD B. STOTT, JOHN THOMSON.

US7505001A 1901-09-11 1901-09-11 Double-door-hopper gate. Expired - Lifetime US689444A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE748481C (en) * 1941-02-01 1944-11-03 Bunker arrangement for feeding Muldenrostfeuerungen
US2661875A (en) * 1951-01-15 1953-12-08 Murray Fred Dump gate
US2672262A (en) * 1948-09-02 1954-03-16 Package Machinery Co Apparatus for filling containers withice cream and the like
US2695742A (en) * 1949-12-27 1954-11-30 Staley Mfg Co A E Apparatus for controlling flow of solid material
US2897936A (en) * 1956-01-05 1959-08-04 Socony Mobil Oil Co Inc Moving bed flow control valve
US3343725A (en) * 1965-06-09 1967-09-26 Hoover Ball & Bearing Co Bottom discharge bin
US4265185A (en) * 1978-12-08 1981-05-05 Skipper Kevin G Plug mix seed planter

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE748481C (en) * 1941-02-01 1944-11-03 Bunker arrangement for feeding Muldenrostfeuerungen
US2672262A (en) * 1948-09-02 1954-03-16 Package Machinery Co Apparatus for filling containers withice cream and the like
US2695742A (en) * 1949-12-27 1954-11-30 Staley Mfg Co A E Apparatus for controlling flow of solid material
US2661875A (en) * 1951-01-15 1953-12-08 Murray Fred Dump gate
US2897936A (en) * 1956-01-05 1959-08-04 Socony Mobil Oil Co Inc Moving bed flow control valve
US3343725A (en) * 1965-06-09 1967-09-26 Hoover Ball & Bearing Co Bottom discharge bin
US4265185A (en) * 1978-12-08 1981-05-05 Skipper Kevin G Plug mix seed planter

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