US676075A - Means and mechanism for unloading ore, coal, &c., from vessels to docks, cars, &c. - Google Patents

Means and mechanism for unloading ore, coal, &c., from vessels to docks, cars, &c. Download PDF

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US676075A
US676075A US73289399A US1899732893A US676075A US 676075 A US676075 A US 676075A US 73289399 A US73289399 A US 73289399A US 1899732893 A US1899732893 A US 1899732893A US 676075 A US676075 A US 676075A
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leg
means
elevator
conveyer
coal
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Alexander Mcdougall
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Alexander Mcdougall
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G67/00Loading or unloading vehicles
    • B65G67/60Loading or unloading ships
    • B65G67/606Loading or unloading ships using devices specially adapted for bulk material

Description

No. 676,075. Patented lune ll, l90l. A. McDOUGALL.

MEANS AND MECHANISM FOR UNLOADING ORE, COAL, &c., FROM VESSELS T0 DUCKS, CABS, 8w.

(Application filled Oct. 7, 1899.] (No Model.) 2 Shaohr-Sheol l.

5M1 ials/M fiww Yul: uonms runs :0. mo'ruu'ma. wnmmou. o c.

No. 676,075. Patented lune ll, l90l. A. McDOUGALL.

MEANS, AND MECHANISM FOR UNLOADING ORE, GOAL, &c., FROM VESSELS T0 DUCKS, CABS, 6w.

(Application am on. 7, 1599.; (No lodel.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

wiinesser @0677/07 4% e rE iWo a2 n1: norms Pcrzws 90.. mcmxu'man wunmm'ou. n c

ALEXANDER MCDOUGALL, OF DULUTH, MINNESOTA.

MEANS AND MECHANISM FOR UNLOADING ORE, COAL, die, FROM VESSELS T0 DOCKS, CARS, &c.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 676,075, dated June 1 1, 1901.

Application filed October 7, 1899. Serial N0. 732,893. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ALEXANDER MoDoU- GALL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Duluth, in the countyof St. Louis and State of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Means and Mechanism for Unloading Ore, Coal, and other Bulk Cargo from the Holds of Vessels to Docks, Cars, &o., or from One Vessel to Another; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

My invention relates to means and mechanism for unloading ore and coal from the holds of vessels to docks, cars, the.

Iron ore or coal as it is commerciallytransported is frequently moist, and consequently gummy, or approaches the consistency of thick mud. Occasionally the ore or coal is dry, like fine gravel; but when thrown into the holds of vessels from the high docks in general use it cakes together and compacts into a solid homogeneous mass. Then the usual elevator-leg is placed into engagement with the top of the mass of material, it will work down a hole the shape and size of the elevator-foot, with perpendicular sides, with but little tendency for the mass to fall into engagement with the buckets. This makes it necessary to station men on the top of the cargo to force the material to a point adjacent to the foot by shovels or the like. My invention is particularly designed to work in connection with such material.

Generally speaking, the invention is as follows: I use a series of elements, each consisting of a self-contained vertical endless elevator carried in a leg which is preferably straight for the greater portion of its length, with an offset or bend near the top to allow the elevated material to be discharged to one side. An operating-motor may be mounted in the offset. The leg is flexibly and adjustably supported over the hatchway of the unloading ship. The leg is supported upon sheer-legs, the pivoting-points of which are adjustable in relation to the dock. Means is provided for elevating and lowering the leg; also to move it bodily either inward or outward. This means preferably, but not nee essarily, consists of tackles. In order to avoid the difficulty of the foot making a hole or crater of its own size or a crater of but little larger size and to eliminate the necessity of shoveling the ore into the foot, I pivot the elevator-leg at the point where it connects with the horizontal sheer-legs and provide means for swinging the leg back and forth or from side to side within the hold of the vessel to bring the foot into engagement with the greater part of the cargo. This means may consist of tackles, levers, screws,

chains, drums, &c., as may be convenient. The sheer-legs are supported upon a wheeled framework on the dock side or dock end. Supporting connections are arranged between the outer ends of the sheer-legs and a tower or vertical standard on the frame. An endless horizontal conveyer is pivoted to the leg immediately below the offset thereofand empties into the usual chute. An adjustable and flexible connection suspends the inner end of the conveyer from the sheer-legs or the supports thereof and holds the conveyer in a normally-horizontal position. Such connection may be disengaged, allowing the conveyer to turn upon its pivot and assume a vertical position parallel with the elevatorleg when the latter is not in use.

In order to better understand the nature of the invention, attention is called to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which Figure 1 is an end elevation of one form of mydevice with the dock end and the unloading vessel in section. Fig. 2 is a front view of the tower, sheer-legs, and elevator; and Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectional view of the upper end of the elevator.

In all the several views like parts are designated by the same letters of reference.

The tower a is provided with a high vertical extension or mast b. If desired, flanged wheels 0 may be provided to run upon rails d, secured to the dock e. The second conveyer f is secured at one extremity to the tower and also atany suitable point to the wire cable with which it engages by means of a pulley, as shown. The cable g is supported between the masts h, but one being shown. The horizontal extension 1', to which the sheer-legsj are pivoted at 7r, is mounted in roller bearings or slides Z I, attached adjacent to the top of the tower. Suitable means are provided for moving the extension horizontally in relation to the tower. For simplicity and ease of illustration I show the tackles m m for this purpose. The outer extremities of the sheer-legsj are kept in position and are elevated or depressed, as de sired, by means of the tackle n, connecting them with the upper extremity of the mast b. The elevator-leg 0 is of the general shape shown and is made of angle-irons or channelirons or, if desired, of wood. An endless chain carries the requisite number of buckets p. The elevator-leg is provided with the oifset q, adjacent to the exit thereof. This could be modified by dispensing with the offset, or the offset could be made a little different. An electric, steam, or other motor is located at tand serves to operate the endless chain carrying the buckets p. s is the lower end of the elevator, which comes in contact with the cargo. An extension 7 of the elevator-leg passes through bearings upon the outer extremities of the sheer-legs A tackle or other device a is employed to raise the elevator-leg.

e is a horizontal or approximately horizontal conveyer or chute having the endless chain or belt w, carrying slats thereon. This conveyer is pivoted to the offset q of the elevator-leg. Suitable means are provided for driving the belt to, which means preferably consists of the motor 1!, which also drives the buckets of the elevator-leg 0, or a separate motor. A tackle or other means so is provided to support and elevate the inner end of the conveyer. This tackle preferably depends from the horizontal extension i, adjacentto the hinge or joint 7;. Suitable tackles y 1 connect the elevator-foot to the sides of the vessel. These tackles act as an agency by means of which the foot or intake may be swung back and forth over the top of the cargo.

z 2 2 are flaps or valves arranged in the conveyerffor diverting the cargo to the car or dump, as may be desired.

The drawings show but one elevator and its appurtenances; but it is intended in practice to arrange a number of elevator-legs side by side upon the same or other towers adjacent to the different hatchways of the unloading vessel.

The tackles m, n, u, x, and y y may be, but not necessarily, arranged to lead to the same place, which is preferably the engineers platform. They may there be attached to the necessary operating winches or windlasscs, as will be obvious.

The operation of the device is as follows: The parts being in the position shown, the motor 15 is started, giving motion to the elevator-buckets and the first or horizontal conveyer. The tackle a is kept a little slack,

and the tackles g} are alternately hauled upon, swinging the elevator-leg and moving the foot. over the cargo, causing the buckets p to come in contact with all parts of the upper surface of the iron ore or coal. The cargo is raised, deposited upon the conveyer or chute, and from there upon the conveyer f, from which it may be loaded upon cars or deposited upon the dump. After the Vessel is unloaded the elevator-leg o is raised as high as possible by hauling upon the tackle it. At the same time the tackle ;r is slacked off, allowing the horizontal conveyer to pivot at t and drop to a vertical position parallel to the elevator-leg. The horizontal extension '1' is then drawn in until the joint 76 is adjacent to the mast. The sheer-legs are then raised to the position shown in dotted lines by means of the tackle n, at the same time raising the elevator-leg and horizontal conveyer. In this position the tower may be moved along the pier side to any desired position. It will be seen that there is nothing projecting beyond the plane of the pier side.

Having now described and ascertained the nature of my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. In a device for handling ore, coal, or bulk cargo, the combination of an elevator-leg pivoted over a vessel, an endless bucket elevator within the leg, means for operating the elevator, means for supporting the leg in a vertical position, means for raising and lowering the leg, a conveyer, connecting the outtake of the leg to a fixed discharge, a flexible means for supporting the conveyer in a normally horizontal position, and means for swinging the intake of the leg over the cargo, such means operating simultaneously with the elevator-operating means, substantially as set forth.

2. In a device for handling ore, coal, or bulk cargo, the combination of an elevator-leg pivoted over a vessel, an endless bucket elevator within the leg, means contained within the leg for operating the elevator, means for supporting the leg in a vertical position, means for raising and lowering the leg, a conveyer, connecting the outtake of the leg to a fixed discharge, flexible means for supporting the conveyer in a normally-horizontal position, and means for swinging the intake of the leg over the cargo, such means operating simultaneously with the elevator-operating means, substantially as set forth.

3. In a device for handling ore, coal, or bulk cargo, the combination of an elevator-leg pivoted over a vessel, an endless bucket elevator within the leg, means contained within the leg for operating the elevator, means for supporting the leg in a vertical position, means for raising and lowering the leg, a conveyer connecting the outtake of the leg to a fixed discharge, flexible means for supporting the conveyer in a normally-horizontal position, and means for swinging the intake of the leg over the cargo, such means operating simultaneously with the elevator-operating means, and during the descent of the leg, substantially as set forth.

4. In a device for handling ore, coal, or bulk cargo, the combination of an elevator-leg pivoted over a vessel, an endless bucket elevator within the leg, means for operating the elevator, means for supporting the leg in a vertical position, means for raising and lowering the leg, a conveyer pivoted to the leg and connecting the outtake of the leg to a fixed discharge, flexible means for supporting the conveyor in a normally-horizontal position, and means for swinging the intake of the leg over the cargo, such means operating simultaneously with the elevator-operating means, substantially as set forth.

5. In adevice for handling ore, coal, or bulk cargo, the combination of an elevator-leg pivoted over a vessel, an endless bucket elevator within the leg, means contained within the leg for operating the elevator, means for supporting the leg in a vertical position, means for raising and lowering the leg, a conveyer pivoted to the leg, and connecting the outtake of the leg to a fixed discharge, flexible means for :supporting the conveyer in a normally horizontal position, and means for swinging the intake of the leg over the cargo, such means operating simultaneously with the elevator-operating means, substantially as set forth.

(3. In adevice for handling ore, coal, or bulk cargo, the combination of an elevator-leg pivoted over a vessel, an endless bucket elevator within the leg, means for operating the elevator, means for supporting the leg in a vertical position, means for raising and lowering the leg, a conveyer connecting the outtake of the leg to a fixed discharge, connections between the conveyer and elevator-operating means, flexible means for supporting the conveyer in a normally-horizontal position, and

means for swinging the intake of the leg over the cargo, such means operating simultaneously with the elevator-operating means, substantially as set forth.

7. In a device for handling ore, coal or bulk cargo, the combination of an elevator-leg pivoted over a vessel, an endless bucket elevator within the leg, means contained within the leg for operating the elevator, means for supporting the leg in a vertical position, means for raising and lowering the leg, a conveyer connecting the outtake of the leg to a fixed discharge, connections between the conveyer and the elevator-operating means, flexible means for supporting the conveyer in a normally-horizontal position, and means for swinging the intake of the leg over the cargo, such means operating simultaneously with the elevator-operating means, substantially as set forth.

8. In adevice for handling ore, coal, or bulk cargo, the combination of an elevator-leg pivoted over a vessel, an endless bucket elevator within the leg, means for operating the elevator, means for supporting the leg in a vertical position, means for raising and lowering the leg, a conveyer pivoted to the leg and connecting the outtake of the leg to a fixed discharge, connections between the conveyer and the elevator-operating means, flexible means for supporting the conveyer in a normally horizontal position, and means for swinging the intake of the leg over the cargo, such means operating simultaneously with the elevator-operating means,snbstantially as set forth.

9. In a device for handling ore, coal, or bulk cargo, the combination of an elevator-leg pivoted over a vessel, an endless bucket elevator within the leg, means contained within the leg for operating the elevator, means for supporting the leg in a vertical position, means for raising and lowering the leg, at conveyer pivoted to the leg and connecting the outtake of the leg to a fixed discharge, connections between the conveyor and the elevator-operating means, flexible means for supporting the conveyer in a normally-horizontal position, and means for swinging the intake of the leg over the cargo, such means operating simultaneously with the elevator operating means, substantially as set forth.

10. In a device for handling ore, coal, or bulk cargo, the combination embracing an elevator-leg, an endless bucket elevator within the leg, means for operating the elevator, a tower, an adjustable horizontal extension mounted on said tower, sheer-legs pivoted to the outer extremity of said extension, connections between said elevator-leg and sheer-legs, connections between said tower and sheerlegs, means for raising and lowering the leg, and tackles connecting the lower extremity of the elevator-leg with a vessel, by means of which the leg may be swung to and fro simultaneously with the elevator-operating means and during the descent of the leg, substantially as set forth.

ll. In a device for handling ore, coal, or bulk cargo, the combination embracing a pivoted elevator-leg, an endless bucket elevator within the leg, means for operating the elevator, a tower, an adjustable horizontal extension mountcd on said tower, sheer-legs pivoted to the outer end of said extension, connections between said elevator-legs and sheerlegs, tackles n, a, connecting said tower and sheer-legs, tackle u for raising and lowering the leg, and tackles y, 1 connecting the lower extremity of the elevator-leg with a vessel, by means of which the leg may be swung to and fro while the elevator is being operated and during the descent of the leg, substantially as and for the purpose, set forth.

This specification signed and witnessed this 3d day of October, 1899.

ALEXANDER MQDOUG AIJL.

Witnesses:

M. J. MULLIN, O. F. \VInERo.

US73289399A 1899-10-07 1899-10-07 Means and mechanism for unloading ore, coal, &c., from vessels to docks, cars, &c. Expired - Lifetime US676075A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2939570A (en) * 1956-07-24 1960-06-07 Dravo Corp Ship unloading apparatus
US8239092B2 (en) 2007-05-08 2012-08-07 Smartdrive Systems Inc. Distributed vehicle event recorder systems having a portable memory data transfer system
US8868288B2 (en) 2006-11-09 2014-10-21 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle exception event management systems
US8880279B2 (en) 2005-12-08 2014-11-04 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Memory management in event recording systems
US8892310B1 (en) 2014-02-21 2014-11-18 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. System and method to detect execution of driving maneuvers
US8989959B2 (en) 2006-11-07 2015-03-24 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle operator performance history recording, scoring and reporting systems
US9201842B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2015-12-01 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event recorder systems and networks having integrated cellular wireless communications systems
US9402060B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2016-07-26 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event recorders with integrated web server
US9501878B2 (en) 2013-10-16 2016-11-22 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event playback apparatus and methods
US9554080B2 (en) 2006-11-07 2017-01-24 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Power management systems for automotive video event recorders
US9610955B2 (en) 2013-11-11 2017-04-04 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle fuel consumption monitor and feedback systems
US9633318B2 (en) 2005-12-08 2017-04-25 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event recorder systems
US9663127B2 (en) 2014-10-28 2017-05-30 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Rail vehicle event detection and recording system
US9728228B2 (en) 2012-08-10 2017-08-08 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event playback apparatus and methods

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2939570A (en) * 1956-07-24 1960-06-07 Dravo Corp Ship unloading apparatus
US9226004B1 (en) 2005-12-08 2015-12-29 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Memory management in event recording systems
US9633318B2 (en) 2005-12-08 2017-04-25 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event recorder systems
US8880279B2 (en) 2005-12-08 2014-11-04 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Memory management in event recording systems
US9566910B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2017-02-14 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event recorder systems and networks having integrated cellular wireless communications systems
US9545881B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2017-01-17 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event recorder systems and networks having integrated cellular wireless communications systems
US9402060B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2016-07-26 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event recorders with integrated web server
US9201842B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2015-12-01 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event recorder systems and networks having integrated cellular wireless communications systems
US9208129B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2015-12-08 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event recorder systems and networks having integrated cellular wireless communications systems
US9472029B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2016-10-18 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event recorder systems and networks having integrated cellular wireless communications systems
US9761067B2 (en) 2006-11-07 2017-09-12 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle operator performance history recording, scoring and reporting systems
US8989959B2 (en) 2006-11-07 2015-03-24 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle operator performance history recording, scoring and reporting systems
US9554080B2 (en) 2006-11-07 2017-01-24 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Power management systems for automotive video event recorders
US9738156B2 (en) 2006-11-09 2017-08-22 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle exception event management systems
US8868288B2 (en) 2006-11-09 2014-10-21 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle exception event management systems
US8239092B2 (en) 2007-05-08 2012-08-07 Smartdrive Systems Inc. Distributed vehicle event recorder systems having a portable memory data transfer system
US9183679B2 (en) 2007-05-08 2015-11-10 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Distributed vehicle event recorder systems having a portable memory data transfer system
US9728228B2 (en) 2012-08-10 2017-08-08 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event playback apparatus and methods
US9501878B2 (en) 2013-10-16 2016-11-22 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle event playback apparatus and methods
US9610955B2 (en) 2013-11-11 2017-04-04 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Vehicle fuel consumption monitor and feedback systems
US8892310B1 (en) 2014-02-21 2014-11-18 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. System and method to detect execution of driving maneuvers
US9594371B1 (en) 2014-02-21 2017-03-14 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. System and method to detect execution of driving maneuvers
US9663127B2 (en) 2014-10-28 2017-05-30 Smartdrive Systems, Inc. Rail vehicle event detection and recording system

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