US667953A - Wooden vessel. - Google Patents

Wooden vessel. Download PDF

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Publication number
US667953A
US667953A US2419100A US1900024191A US667953A US 667953 A US667953 A US 667953A US 2419100 A US2419100 A US 2419100A US 1900024191 A US1900024191 A US 1900024191A US 667953 A US667953 A US 667953A
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United States
Prior art keywords
staves
vessel
stave
locking
wooden
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Expired - Lifetime
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US2419100A
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Grant Ross
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J C TATE
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J C TATE
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Priority to US2419100A priority Critical patent/US667953A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D9/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of wood or substitutes therefor
    • B65D9/02Containers of curved cross-section, e.g. cylindrical boxes
    • B65D9/04Containers of curved cross-section, e.g. cylindrical boxes made up of staves, e.g. barrels for liquids

Description

- s. Ross.
WUODEN VESSEL.
(Application led .Illy 19, 1900.)
Patented Feb. I2, I90l.
(11H0 Model.)
nutren @trarne .arnfr trios..
GRANT ROSES, OF DES MOINES, IOWA, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO J. O. TATE, OF SAME PLACE.
SPEGIFIGATIUM forming part of Letters Patent No. 667,953, dated February l2, 1901.
Application led July 19, 1900. Serial No. 24,191. (No model.)
Be it known that I, GRANT ROSS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Des Moines, in the county of Polk and State of Iowa, have invented a new and useful Wooden Vessel, of which the 'following is a specification.
My object is to prevent the annoyances and loss incident to wooden pails, tubs, and tanks leaking and collapsing on account of the shrinking of the wood and consequent impairment of the joints.
My invention consists in the construction and combination of interlocking staves, a bottom, and a locking device for retaining all the parts united, as hereinafter set forth, pointed out in my claims, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a top view of a section of a cylindrical vessel of equal diameter from top to bottom. Figs. 2, 3, and 4: show modified forms of tongues and grooves for joining staves together. Iiig. 5 is a perspective view of a tapering stave adapted for making wooden vessels that are larger in diameter at the top than at the bottom. Fig. 6 is a per spective view ot" the lower end portion of a stave adapted for locking all the parts together. Fig. 7 is a vertical sectional View of a pail and shows how the staves and bottom are locked together.
The letter A designates a wood en stave that may vary in width, thickness, and length as desired. It has an integral tongue l) at one edge, extending its entire length and that is narrower at its inner portion than at its outer portion, and a corresponding groove c in its other edge, adapted to admit the tongue b by inserting the lower end ot' the tongue of the mating stave into the top of the groove and then pressing it downward to produce a joint extending from top to bottom. The connection thus produced between adjoining staves will prevent them from becoming separated without moving them longitudinally, and consequently the abutting edges of staves will remain securely connected when the wood shrinks, and the vessel therefore cannot collapse.
Each stave A has a transverse groove d on the bottom portion of its inside face, and when they are in coinciding position the circumferential edge of the bottom H is fitted and fixed in said transverse grooves.
In assembling the staves that are to be connected to form a vessel they are all joined together at their edges by means of the tongues h and grooves c, excepting one, before the bottom is put in place. Leaving out the one stave that has the locking device at its lower end allows the bottom I-I of the vessel to be connected with the assembled staves. By then pressing the locking-stave into its place all the staves are thereby keyed together. The only difference between the locking-stave and the others is that in place of a transverse groove CZ in its lower end portion a section is removed and a removable block m fitted in its place and fastened thereto by means of pins or screws n, as shown in Figs. 6 and 7, or in any suitable way, so that the key or locking stave cannot move, and consequent-ly all the parts will be securely locked together, so that when the wood does shrink they will nevertheless remain securely connected, and
swelling the wood will again make the joints water-tight.
Heretofore metal straps have been fixed to staves above the bottom and extended below the bottom and fixed to the under side of the bottom; but it is objectionable to have metal straps exposed on the inside of a vessel and greatly advantageous to have the locking device entirely below the bottom of the vessel.
Having thus described the manner of forming and combining the staves and bottom and locking them together, the advantages and practical utility of my invention will be readily understood by persons familiar with the art to which it pertains, and
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
l. In a cylindrical wooden vessel, a plurality of staves each having a tongue on one of its edges extending from end to end and a corresponding groove in its other edge and coinciding transverse grooves in the inside faces and lower portions of the staves and the lower end ot' one stave adapted for fastening a locking device thereto below its transverse groove, arranged and combined in the manner set forth for the purposes stated.
2. A cylindrical wooden vessel, a plurality IOO of staves each having a tongue on one of its edges extending from end to end and a corresponding groove in its other edge and coinciding transverse grooves in the inside faces and lower portions of the staves, and the lower end of one stave adapted for fastening a locking device thereto below the transverse grooves, a bottom fitted in the coinciding transverse grooves in the staves and a locking device positioned on the under side of the bottom and fixed to one of the staves, arranged and combined for the purposes stated.
3. A cylindrical Wooden vessel comprising eer/395e a plurality of staves joined together by means of tongues and grooves at their edges and provided With coinciding transverse grooves in their inside faces and lower port-ions, a bottom fitted in said transverse grooves and a lockingestave having an inside face portion removed from its lower end and a block fitted and fixed in its place, arranged and combined as and for the purposes stated.
GRANT ROSS. Witnesses:
E. P. ALEXANDER, THOMAS G. ORWIG.
US2419100A 1900-07-19 1900-07-19 Wooden vessel. Expired - Lifetime US667953A (en)

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US2419100A US667953A (en) 1900-07-19 1900-07-19 Wooden vessel.

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US2419100A US667953A (en) 1900-07-19 1900-07-19 Wooden vessel.

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2572257A (en) * 1946-08-27 1951-10-23 Eugene G Gerner Sheet metal panel
US2736451A (en) * 1952-03-17 1956-02-28 Pyle National Co Pull box for electrical conduit lines
US4640437A (en) * 1983-07-14 1987-02-03 Kremsmunster, Austria Insulated container and insulating element therefor
US4700524A (en) * 1986-07-24 1987-10-20 Addison Barrie D G Tongue and groove tapered planks
US6564960B1 (en) 2000-01-28 2003-05-20 M. Boyd Grindstaff Collapsible article
FR2885782A1 (en) * 2005-05-20 2006-11-24 Idesta Sarl Internationnal Dev Tub for e.g. bathing, has staves comprising grooves receiving edge of bottom plate for nesting plate in groove and cut of shape complementary with cut of adjacent stave, where tabs of respective cuts are nested in respective grooves of cuts
US20060269358A1 (en) * 2005-05-16 2006-11-30 Donald Obergoenner Wood joint for a barrelhead
US7446250B1 (en) 2007-05-01 2008-11-04 Pearl Musical Instrument Co. Stave construction method of drum manufacture
US20100155370A1 (en) * 2005-05-16 2010-06-24 Donald Obergoenner Wood joint for a barrelhead
US9336758B1 (en) * 2014-11-18 2016-05-10 Pearl Musical Instrument Co. Drum having interchangeable drum shell segments

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2572257A (en) * 1946-08-27 1951-10-23 Eugene G Gerner Sheet metal panel
US2736451A (en) * 1952-03-17 1956-02-28 Pyle National Co Pull box for electrical conduit lines
US4640437A (en) * 1983-07-14 1987-02-03 Kremsmunster, Austria Insulated container and insulating element therefor
US4700524A (en) * 1986-07-24 1987-10-20 Addison Barrie D G Tongue and groove tapered planks
US6564960B1 (en) 2000-01-28 2003-05-20 M. Boyd Grindstaff Collapsible article
US7819268B2 (en) * 2005-05-16 2010-10-26 Donald Obergoenner Wood joint for a barrelhead
US20100155370A1 (en) * 2005-05-16 2010-06-24 Donald Obergoenner Wood joint for a barrelhead
US20060269358A1 (en) * 2005-05-16 2006-11-30 Donald Obergoenner Wood joint for a barrelhead
US8016144B2 (en) * 2005-05-16 2011-09-13 Donald Obergoenner Wood joint for a barrelhead
US7654401B2 (en) * 2005-05-16 2010-02-02 Donald Obergoenner Wood joint for a barrelhead
US20100155368A1 (en) * 2005-05-16 2010-06-24 Donald Obergoenner Wood joint for a barrelhead
FR2885782A1 (en) * 2005-05-20 2006-11-24 Idesta Sarl Internationnal Dev Tub for e.g. bathing, has staves comprising grooves receiving edge of bottom plate for nesting plate in groove and cut of shape complementary with cut of adjacent stave, where tabs of respective cuts are nested in respective grooves of cuts
US7446250B1 (en) 2007-05-01 2008-11-04 Pearl Musical Instrument Co. Stave construction method of drum manufacture
US20080271588A1 (en) * 2007-05-01 2008-11-06 Van Der Meulen Jan Roelof Stave construction method of drum manufacture
US9336758B1 (en) * 2014-11-18 2016-05-10 Pearl Musical Instrument Co. Drum having interchangeable drum shell segments

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