US626528A - debremond - Google Patents

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US626528A
US626528A US626528DA US626528A US 626528 A US626528 A US 626528A US 626528D A US626528D A US 626528DA US 626528 A US626528 A US 626528A
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coins
coin
chute
ejectors
shaft
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D3/00Sorting a mixed bulk of coins into denominations

Description

(No Model.)
Patentedlune 6, I899. C. DEBREMUND.
DEVICE FOR HANDLING CDINS.
(Application filed Mar. 24, 169B.)
5 Sheets-Sheet I.
: a i E .r 'l
so I Q 7 20 7; f
I x I a; a
Tu: Norms vzrzas co. FNOTOLITHOV. WASHINGTON 3.1:.
No. 626,528. Patented June 6, I899.
- C. DEBREMOND.
DEVIGE FOR HANDLING COINS.
(Application filed Mar. 24, 1898.)
No. 626,528. Patented June 6, I899. c. DEBREMUND.
DEVICE FOR HANDLING COINS.
(Application filed Mar. 24, 1898.)
'5 Sheets-Sheet 3.
(No Model.)
THE ncnms warms ca. P1iOTO-L|THD.,WASN1NGTON, n, c.
No. 626,528. Patented June 6, I899. C. DEBREMOND.
DEVICE FOR HANDLING COINS.
(Application filed Mar. 24, 1898.)
m: wuwus Pawns co. PHDYQLITHQ. WASHINGTON. o c.
No. 626,528. Patented lune 6, I899. C. DEBRENOND. DEVICE FOR HANDLING COINS.
(Application filed KM; 94, 1698.)
5 Sheets-Shut 5'.
(No Model.)
we nonms ETcns m mc'rcnurrna. wusumm'nn, n. c.
UNITED STATEs CHARLES DEBREMOND, OF NEWV ORLEANS, LOUISIANA, ASSIGNOR TO SMITHWIOK, OF SAME PLACE.
PATENT OFFICE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N0. 626,528, dated June 6, 1899 Application filed March 24, 1898. Serial No. 675,024. (No model.)
State of Louisiana, haveinvented new and useful Improvements in Devices for Handling (Joins, of which the following is a specification. My invention contemplates the provision of a device adapted to automatically separate coins, indicate the number of each denomination of coins on hand, enable a salesman or cashier to readily make change, and indicate the number of each denomination of coin ejected incident to the making of change, so [5 as to lessen the liability of mistake 'on the part of the salesman or cashier. It will be fully understood from the following description and claims when taken in conjunction with the annexed drawings, in Which Figure 1 is a perspective view of a device embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is an enlarged section taken in the plane indicated by the line 2 2 of Fig. 6, with parts in elevation. Fig. 3 is a detail perspective view of the lower portion of one of the coin-holders. Fig. 4 is a similar view of one of the collars, in which the lower ends of the coin-holders are arranged and detachably secured. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the'coino ejectors. Fig. 6 is a vertical central section of the device. Figs. 7 and 8 are detail sections taken in the planes indicated by the lines a (L and b 1), respectively, of Fig. 6. Fig. 9 is a section taken in the plane indicated by line 9 9 of Fig. 6. Fig. 10 is a detail section taken in theplane indicated by line 10 10 of Fig. 9. Fig. 11 is a top plan view, with some parts in section, illustrating the hopper in which the coins to be separated 0 are placed, together with the chutes connected with the hopper and leading to the coinholder tubes; and Figs. 12 and 13 are sections taken in the planes indicated by the lines 12 12 and 13 13, respectively, of Fig. 11.
In the said drawings similar letters designate corresponding parts in all of the several views, referring to which A designates the box or casing of the device, which may be of any construction and ornamental design suitable to the purpose of my invention.
B designates six (more or less) metallic collars of different diameters, which are suitably connected to the top wall of easing A, around openings at therein, and are provided with in-.
wardly-directed studs Z) and opposite depending portions b and O designates the coin holders or tubes, each of which is of a diameter corresponding to that of, the particular denomination of coin which it is designed to receive For instance, the tube O to the right (see Fig. l) is of a size to snugly receive dimes and that to the left of a size to snugly receive dollars, while the intermediate tubes are of sizes to enable them to snugly receive cents, nickels, quarters, and half-dollars, respectively. Apart from differences in diameter and height the tubes 0 are similar in construction and are similarly connected with the casing A, and therefore a description of the one shown in detail in Figs. 3, 4, 6, 7, and 8 will suffice for all. Said tube is preferably of glass, so as to enable the operator to see its contents, although it may be of any other suitable material, and it comprises lower and upper sections 0 d, the lower section being arranged in collar B and being provided with a bayonetslot e to receive the stud b, by which it is detachably connected to the collar, so as to permit of it being readily removed and discharged of its contents when desired. The lower and upper sections 0 d are provided with graduations numbered at suitable intervals to enable the operator to readily perceive the number of coins in the tube. They are also preferably provided with coincident longitudinal slots, although said slots are not necessary except when the tube is formed of some opaque material. The said sections are connected together by a collar f, which surrounds and is cemented or otherwise connected to their contiguous ends,
as best shown in Fig. 6. Said collar f is provided with a slot g for the reception of a valve or gate 72 and is also provided with a slotted extension 1', in which is arranged and adapted to move the handle j of the valve or gate.
The valve or gate is normally held in a closed position by a coiled spring 70, whereby it will be seen that when coins are discharged into the upper end of the section d they will be supported by the valve or gate and will be prevented from dropping into the lower portion of the tube. This enables the operator to see at a glance how many coins are deposited in the tube, when a mass of coins of diiferent denominations to be separated are placed in the hopper, (presently described,) and after noting the amount he has but to draw the valve or gate outwardly in order to cause the said coins to drop into the lower portion of the tube.
The tubular coin-holders C are preferably formed of glass and in two sections, as has just been described. I desire it understood, however, that when formed of metal they may be each formed in one or more pieces, as preferred.
D designates an upright which is connected to and rises from the casing A and is preferably provided with a shoulder Z at an intermediate point of its height.
E designates a funnel-shaped hopper,which is designed to receive the mass of coins of different denominations to be separated, and F designates a spiral conveyer, which is detachably connected to and depends from the lower end of the hopper E and comprises six (more or less) chutes n n n n a 01 as best shown in Figs. 11 to 13. i
The conveyer F is designed to receive coins from the hopper E, and in order to insure the said coins entering the conveyerin a fiat- Wise position the hopper is provided with an inclined wall Gr, upon which the coins fall and from whence they pass to the inclined bottom wall 1) of the hopper, which leads to to the mouth of the conveyer. Each of the chutes comprised in the conveyer F terminates at its lower end in a spout g, which has a depending flange q, designed to take into a c0llar-fiange at the upper end of one of the coin-holding tubes C. Each chute, with the exception of the lower one, is also provided with openings 1', those of the upper chute being too small for the passage of dollars, but large enough for the passage of half dollars and smaller coins, those of the next lower chute being too sinall for the passage of half-dollars, but large enough for the passage of quarter-dollars and smaller pieces, those of the next lower chute being too small for the passage of quarter-dollars, but large enough for the passage of nickels and smaller pieces, those of the next lower chute being too small for the passage of nickels, but large enough for the passage of smaller pieces, and those of the next lower chute being too small for the passage of pennies, but large enough for the passage of dimes. In virtue of this construction when a mass of coins is placed in the hopper F the coins will be separated, as follows, viz: The dollar-pieces will remain on and slide down chute n, the half-dollars will drop from chute a to the chute n and slide down said chute n, the quarter-dollars will drop through chutes not and slide down chute 92 the nickels will drop through chutes n n n and slide down chute of, the pennies will drop through chutes it n n n and slide down chute nfiand the dimes will drop through chutes n n n n n and siide down chute a From the chutes the coins will pass into the respective spouts thereof and from thence into the tubular receptacles or holders with which the spouts communicate, as before described. The openings "2' in the chutes are, as best shown in Fig. 11, arranged as near as possible to the outer wall of the conveyer, so that they will be in the path of the coins when the same are thrown outwardly by the centrifugal action incident to their downward course.
H design ates a sleeve which is suitably connected with the conveyer F. This sleeve H is designed to take over the upper end of the upright D and bear on the shonlderlthereof, so as to support the conveyer F and the hopper E and their appurtenances, and in order to prevent an unauthorized person from lifting the hopper and the conveyor I contemplate connecting the sleeve II and uprightD by a suitable lock 3, as shown in Fig. (3. As the tubes C cannot be lifted and discharged of their contents, as before described, until the ends of the spouts q are raised and swung away from their position above the tubes, it follows that the back connection between the tube H and upright D will prevent an unauthorized person from lifting and discharging the tubes 0 of their contents.
Arranged in the casing A immediately below the opposite depending portions b of the collars B is a fixed horizontal plate I. This plate I is designed to support the slidable coin-ejectors J, of which six are employed, and is provided with slots 5, receiving the depending portions to of the ejectors, so as to guide the same in their movements,
The ejectors J are arranged in alinement with the spaces between the depending portions 11 of the collars B and are provided at their inner ends with enlargements o, adapted when they are forced inwardly to engage the lowermost coins in the tubular holders, which rest on the plate I, and force said coins off the said plate and cause them to fall into the discharge-chute K, presently described. At or adjacent to their outer ends the ejectors J are connected to one end of bell-crank 1evers w, the opposite ends of which are connected to finger-levers cawhich extend through slots .2 in the front casing wall, and are provided at their outer ends with buttons a',bearing appropriate inscriptions, as best shown in Fig. 9. When any one of these finger-levers is depressed, the ejector with which it is connected will be caused to move inwardly, so as to displace a coin, and when pressure is removed from said lever it, together with the bell-crank lever and the ejector, will be returned to the position shown in Fig. 6 by a spring 17', interposed between and connected to the ejector and finger-lever, as shown.
WVhen displaced from the plate I, the coins,
as before described, pass down the chute K.-
This chute K is designed to carry the coins to.
a cup or receptacle L at the front of the device, from whence they may be readily removed by the party entitled to the change.
It is sometimes desirable that the change should be delivered to the cashier or salesman operating the device. In order that this may be done when desired, I provide the chute M, which is pitched downwardly toward the back of the device and the normally-closed springpressed valve or gate N, which controls communication between the cup L and the upper end of said chute. To the said valve or gate N is connected a push-rod P, which extends to the rear side of the device, so as to enable the salesman to open the valve or gate P prior to ejecting coins from the coin-holding tubes, so as to cause said coins to pass down the chute M and be delivered to him at the rear side of the device. \Vhen the valve or gate is left in its normal position, it is obvious that the ejected coins will remain in the cup or receptacle L, from whence they maybe readily removed by the person entitled to them.
For the purpose of sounding an alarm when a coin is ejectedfrom any one of the coinholding tubes 1 provide the alarm mechanism better shown in Figs. 2 and 6. This mechanism comprises a gong c, a rock-shaft cZ, which is provided with a hammer e, andalso with upwardly-extending fingers f and a coiled spring g, which is connected to the rock-shaft and the casing, as best shown in Fig. 2. The fingers f of the rock-shaft are normally held in the path of the depending portions u of the ejectors J. Consequently it will be seen that when any one of the ejectors is moved inwardly, as is necessary to eject a coin, it will engage one of the fingers f and rock the shaft (Z in a direction to carry the hammer e away from the gong c, and that when the ejector is quickly returned to its normal position by spring I) and the rockshaft (Z is released the hammer 6 will by reason of the expansion of spring 7L be forcibly carried against thegong c and the alarm will be sounded.
In order to lessen the liability of mistake on the part of the salesman or cashier in making change, I have provided the mechanism shown in Figs. 2, 6, U, and 10 for indicating the number of each denomination of coins ejected incident to the making of change. This mechanism comprises a fixed shaft h, six ratchet-Wheels 'Z, loosely mounted on the shaft and having twenty-,four (more or less) teeth, and also having peripheral flanges j, bearing twenty-four numerals more or less arranged in consecutive order, spring-dogs lo, fixed to the ejectors and adapted to engage the teeth of the ratchetwheels and move the same the distance of one tooth at each inward movement of the ejectors, spring-pressed detents Z, adapted to engage the teeth of the ratchet wheels 2" and prevent retrograde movement thereof, coiled springs m, nested within the peripheral flangesj of the ratchetwheels and connected to said flanges and the shaft h, and a lock-shaft p. The said shaft 19 is provided with arms g for engaging the angular arms g of the detents Z and the lugs r on the ejectors, as best shown in Fig. 10. It is also provided at one end with a handle 5' and a spring 13 for normally holding it in and -returning it to the position illustrated. It will be perceived that when in such position the shaft pwill prevent the operation of the ejectors J, and when it is fixed in such position by a look (not shown) or any other suitable means the ejectors cannot be actuated, and in consequence coins cannot be removed from the device.
YVhen it is desired to operate the device, it is simply necessary for the operator to depress the handle s of the shaft 19 with one hand and press the finger-levers m with the fingers of the other hand. The rocking of the shaft 13 incident to the depression of the handle 5 will release the ejectors J and the detents Z, and in consequence the ejectors will be free to move inwardly to eject coins, and the mechanism for indicating the number of each denomination of coins will be rendered operative. The operation of such indicatin g mechanism is as follows: When any one of the finger-levers aa-the dollar-lever, for instance-is depressed, the ejector connected with said lever will be moved in- .wardly and will eject the lowermost dollar in the dollar-tube C. At the same time the dog it" on the ejector will engage the ratchetwheel i and rotate the said wheel the distance of one tooth. Vith this done the numeral 1 on the fiangej of the ratchet-wheel Will appear opposite the opening a in the casing, which is arranged inalinement with the dollar-tube O and dollarlever :10 and will indicate that one dollar has been ejected. The detent-lever Z will, as stated, prevent retrograde movement of the ratchet-wheel i, and as the said wheel is rotated the distance of one tooth at each inward movement of the ejector a number corresponding to the number of coins ejected will appear opposite the opening a. The several detents Z are adapted to prevent retrograde movement of the ratchet-wheels 71 so long as the handles of shaft 1) is depressed, and consequently the operator after striking one or more of the finger-levers 00 to make change is enabled by looking at the flanges j of the ratchet-wheels 1" through the openings u to see the number and denomination of the-coins ejected and satisfy himself that the correct amount of change has been given. WVhen pressure is removed from the handle 8, the rock-shaftp and its appurtenances will by reason of the spring t be returned to the position shown in Fig. 10, and in consequence the ejectors will be locked against movement and the detents Z will be disengaged from the ratchet-wheels 1'. When the 4 detents are" thus disengaged ,i l the ratchet-wheels and=of course their flanges will 'by 'rea-son of tl1e-'springs mbe: moved backwardl'ygso that the figure O willap pear oppositeall of= theopenings at,
In th'e practice- 0f "my invention itis obvi ous that the'devi'ce maybe constructedso as to adapt it to' receive and handle thecoins'of any'countrys It is also obvious that'many changes in the construction and relati've an' rangement of the parts of my impro'ved' do vice'm'ay b'mad inp'ractice withontdepart?" ing from the spirit ofmy-inventionw Having thus described my invention,-wh'at I claim is 1. Ina-device'forseparating-coinsythecom bination of a suitable base, anupright con: nected to and rising therefromand having a shoulder, a -plurality of coin holding2'tubes mounted upon the-base and: detachably con nectedthereto; ahopp'er arranged in: a plane above the coin-holding tubes, a =plu1'ality of" chutes disposed" one above the-other and ar ranged to receive 'fronl the hopper and tel-mi nati'ng-at 'their lower ends -in-ispout'sbearing upon and adapted to-"discharge into the up per ends-0f the *coin holding ftubesr a sleeve connected with the hopper and chutes and arranged upon theupper end of -theupright andbearing onthe shoulder thereof, and' a suitablelockconnecting-said sleeve and the upright, substantially as specified-.
2. In acoimhandling device, the com bina tion of 'abase, acollar connected-thtaretdand" having opposite depending portions; acoin ejector movable 'between the said 'd ependi ng portions of the collar; a coin-holding tube ar-" ranged in and Y detachably connected *to the collar; a hopper disposed above the base' and detachablyconnected Wi-tl'rthe same, and an inclined closed conveyerconnecte'dat it's-up? per end to-thehopper and terminatingiatitsfi lower end-in a closed-spout having a depend ingflange engaging the upper. endofthe coin rhol'der, substantially' as specifiedJ- 3I In a device of the class*descri=bed,- ther combination of a base, -a coin-holdingtube mounted on-said" base, a 'slidabl'eejector for :1
displacing the lowermost coin from thetube, a bell-crank lever connected at one end-tosai'd ej-ector; a -finger-lever fulcru'med at one" end and connected at an intermediate point' of-its'lengthtothe other end of the-bell -cranle lever, -cup or' receptacle arranged atthe front of the casi ng,'a chute adapted'to receive coins-when" theyare ejected from the tube and conduct the same to the cup or 'recepta cle, a chute eXtendingdoWnWard-ly from the cup; or recep'tacle-to" the rear of the casing,u
and 'afvalve or gate interposed betweenflthe cup orireceptacle and said chute, substan' tial-l-y as specified-.-
i-Ina device of the class described,the
combination of a -casing i containing-a -base'-:
plate-,a-coin-holding tubemounted onsaidi base-plate, an-ejector for displacing the low:
ermost 'coin from the tube, a cup i or receptacle arrangedat the front of the casingga chute adapted to receive coins When'they areejectedfrom thetube and conduct the sameito the' cup or receptacle, a chute extending (1OW11'- wardly from the cup or receptacle to=the rear of thecasi-ng, anda valve or gate-interposed between the :cupror receptacle and said chute, substantially as and for the purpose set forth;
5. A device of-the class described comprisingasuit'able casing,'a'coin-holder,' means for bj ecti n g coins from 'the holder,a cup orre- Qceptacl'e arranged at the'front of the casing,"
'a-chute'adapted to receive coins when they are-ejected from the holder and conduct the same to the cup-or receptacle, a chuteextending downwardly from the cup or receptacle to the rear of the casing, a springepresscd- [valve or gateinterposed between the cupi or receptacle and'saidch'ut'e, and a push rod con heated with said val've'or 'assp'ecifiedz J 6; A device-of-the-cl'ass described compris+ 'ing. a 'pluralit'ypofcoin-holders, independent fromthe holders,=a gong,- means operati'veby the ejectorsfor striking the-gong, and a spring-pressed lock-bar having arms normally I engaging and adapted to hold the ejectors" against'movem'ent and=also havingna -handle,
substantially its specified. p 7. HA-deviceof 'the' class described comprisingf'a casingya gong, a pluralityjof 'coin'-hold- Iersg independent ejectors for displacing "the lowermost coins from the holders; a rock-shaft havin'glaham mer and" also'havin'g 1fin gers, a
spri ngfconnected to said shaft fo'r'normally gate, substantially" ejectors fOr displacing the lowermost: coins holdi ngithe'fingersof the 'samein the path of Zthe ejectors,- and a spring-pressed lock-bar having arm's normallyengaging and'adapted to hold: the 'ejectors against movement and alsowhavingia handle, substantially asrspeciffieda 8:1 Adevic e'of theclass described compris ingapl'urality'ot coin-holders; ejectors adapt ed when m'ove'di to remove coins from the" holders; and aispring-pressed'lock-bar'having: arms normally engaging and adapted to hold.
the ejeotors against movement and also havinga'axhand'l'e; substantially as specified.
95 A "deviceof the class described comprisingtaicasing having a e i i holderga coin-ejector carrying a dog,a shaft,
a ratcheti-"wheelloosely mounted on'the shaft" in the path of the dogon the ejectorand havinga portion-beari'ngnumerals on 'its periphery; a: spring connected with the shaft and ratchet-wheel, and "a detent "for preventing a retrograde movement of the ratchet-wheel, substanti-allyasspecified 10; A device of the class described c0n1pris-'- ingia casing having openings-u, a plurality 1 of coin holders', aplurality of independently-' movablecoimejectorsprovidedwith dogs, a shaft, ratchet-Wheels looselymountedon said I shaftiin'the paths of thedogs on the-ejectors In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand 1n presence of two subscribing Wit- IO nesses.
CHARLES DEBREMOND.
WVi tn esses:
R. F. SPANGENBERG, WILLIAM BosE.
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2555176A (en) * 1951-05-29 Coin collecting and registering
US2610721A (en) * 1946-11-04 1952-09-16 Leonard L Pruyn Automatic electric selective silver coin changer
US2764990A (en) * 1953-08-20 1956-10-02 Gunter J Pick Coin sorting device
US3251369A (en) * 1966-05-17 Change-giving devices for automatic prepayment distributors
US3878928A (en) * 1973-12-10 1975-04-22 Fawn Eng Corp Extruded coin slot device
US4226253A (en) * 1978-11-07 1980-10-07 Laurel Bank Machine Co., Ltd. Coin counting and discharge machine having reciprocating pushers for transferring coins
EP1146488A3 (en) * 2000-04-12 2004-01-21 Mars Incorporated Coin dispenser and dispensing mechanism

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2555176A (en) * 1951-05-29 Coin collecting and registering
US3251369A (en) * 1966-05-17 Change-giving devices for automatic prepayment distributors
US2610721A (en) * 1946-11-04 1952-09-16 Leonard L Pruyn Automatic electric selective silver coin changer
US2764990A (en) * 1953-08-20 1956-10-02 Gunter J Pick Coin sorting device
US3878928A (en) * 1973-12-10 1975-04-22 Fawn Eng Corp Extruded coin slot device
US4226253A (en) * 1978-11-07 1980-10-07 Laurel Bank Machine Co., Ltd. Coin counting and discharge machine having reciprocating pushers for transferring coins
EP1146488A3 (en) * 2000-04-12 2004-01-21 Mars Incorporated Coin dispenser and dispensing mechanism

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