US788187A - Vending-machine. - Google Patents

Vending-machine. Download PDF

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Publication number
US788187A
US788187A US7940201A US1901079402A US788187A US 788187 A US788187 A US 788187A US 7940201 A US7940201 A US 7940201A US 1901079402 A US1901079402 A US 1901079402A US 788187 A US788187 A US 788187A
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coin
carrier
actuating
ratchet
lever
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US7940201A
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Leo J Burdick
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Burdick & De Blois Manufacturing Co
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Burdick & De Blois Manufacturing Co
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/14Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for fastenings for doors; for turnstiles

Description

No. 788,187. PATENTED APR. 25, 1905.
L J BURDIGK VENDING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED OCT. 21,1901.
BSHBETS-SHEET 1.
WitIQQSLSQSI PATENTED APR. 25, 1905.
L. J. BURDIOK.
VENDING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED OCT. 21, 1901.
3 SHEET8-SHEET 2.
Witnesses:
PATELITEDAPR. 25, 1905.
L. J'. BURDICK.
VENDING MACHINE.
IAPPLIOATIOIN FILED 00121, 1901.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 3- llgveljtor u Witgesses:
Nb. 788,187. Patented April 25, 1905.
-UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
LEO J. BURDICK, OF STURGIS, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNOR TO THE BURDICK & DE BLOIS MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INCORPORATED, OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT, A CORPORATION OF CONNECTICUT.
VENDING-MACHINE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 788,187, dated April 25, 1905. Application filed October 21.1901. Serial No. 79,402.
T all whom 7375 i l 807L067: of the construction of the coin receiving and Be it known that I, LEO J. BURDICK, a citiactuating means, indicating the operation of zen of the United States, residing at the vildifferent-sized coins within the same. Fig. 6
lage of Sturgis, in the county of St. Joseph is a detail transverse sectional view on line 5 and State of Michigan, have invented certain 6 6 of Fig. 1 of a detaching mechanism to new and usefulImprovements inVending-Maprevent the return of the ratchet when actuchines, of which the following is a specificaated by the introduction of a coin and the tion. swing of the lever.
This invention relates to improvements in In the drawings all of the sectional views to vending-machines. are taken looking in the direction of the lit- The objects of this invention are, first, to tle arrows at the ends of the section lines, and provideasimple and effective structure wheresimilar letters of reference refer to similar by a quantity of tablets, as tablets of gum or parts throughout the several vieWs. chocolate, will be delivered, depending upon The casing and the coin-receptacle for re- 5 the denomination of the coin deposited; secceiving the coins after they have been deond, to provide an improved machine in which posited and passed through the mechanism agiven number of tablets will be delivered are not illustrated, as they may be of any dewithout the necessity of constructing the same sired construction to properly inclose and proof absolutely accurate dimensions; third, to tect the parts.
20 provide an improved construction of mechan- Referring to the lettered parts of the drawism which will be actuated to a difierent eX- ings, A is the supporting-base. Arranged tent, depending on the size or dimension of the toward each end of this base is a pair of brack- 7o coin'deposited within the same. ets A A. A shaft B is supported in suitable Further objects and objects relating to bearings in these brackets. Mounted on this 25 structural details will definitely appear from shaft is the merchandise-delivery cylinder B. the detailed description to follow. Supported above this cylinder by the stand I accomplish the objects of my invention ards C is a battery of five magazines C. In by the devices and means described in the folthe path of each magazine is a notch-like lowing specification. pocket or depression a, clearly appearing in 0 The invention is clearly defined and pointed cross-section 1n Fig. 4. These pockets or deout in the claims. pressions a are spirally arranged about the A structure embodying the features of my cylinder, being located one-tenth of the cir- 8o invention is clearly illustrated in the accomcumference of the cylinder apart. Thus arpanying drawings, forming a part of this ranged there are two pockets equidistant apart 3 5 specification, in which beneath each one of the magazines. Spring- Figure 1 is a front elevation view of the shields w, which are carried by the magazines, machine with the outer casing omitted as it are provided for the delivery-openings thereappears when a coin has just been introduced. of. (See Fig. 4.) Spring-stops 9 project a Fig. 2 is an end elevation view of the same little below the bottom of the magazine into 40 with the actuating-lever and parts in their the annular groovesr in the cylinder. These normal position as a coin isintroduced before stops 1 prevent the tablets being carried backthe actuating mechanism. Fig. 3 is an end ward. 9o elevation view of the same with the parts in It will be seen that as the pockets (0 are artheir actuated position. Fig. 4 is a detail ranged spirally if the cylinder B is revolved 45 transverse sectional view taken on line 4 4 of one-tenth of the way around one pocket will Fig. 1, showingthe form of discharge-cylinder be carried under one of the magazines and it forvended tablets. Fig. 5 isadetail sectional will engage any tablet or package, as a, in View on line 5 5 of Fig. 1, showing the details the bottom of that magazine, carrying it out 'past the spring-stop 9- and under the guard w and drop the same out of the machine, and that if the cylinder be rotated one-half the way around it will cause five pockets to pass from under the five magazines and will discharge five of the said tablets or packages, so that with a proper arrangement of the mechanism when a one-cent coin is introduced one of the pockets will be moved from under. one of the magazines and a single tablet dropped, and when a five-cent piece is deposited within the mechanism and it is actuated the cylinder will be rotated half-way and five tablets will be delivered. The mechanism by which I accomplish this result is very simple and efficient in its operation. Mounted on the shaft B is a ratchet-wheel D, which is engaged by a weighted pawl D. This permits the cylinder to be revolved in one direction but not in the other. A pin (Z projects from this pawl 1) into the path of the actuating-lever I, the end of the pin appearing distinctly in Fig. 3. When the actuating-lever is at the end of its stroke, it engages this pin (Z, so that the cylinder cannot be actuated or thrown past the ratchet by a quick movement.
An actuating ratchet-wheel F is arranged on the shaft B. Arranged within this ratchet is a circular plate E, having an outwardlyprojecting flange E. This flange extends about half-way around the plate and has a raised or cam portion E at the bottom thereof. The actuating-lever I is pivoted on the shaft B outside of the ratchet-wheel F. The lever I is provided with a suitable knob or handle, as I, for the convenient actuation of the same.
Pivotally secured to the short end of the actuating-lever I, as at 0, is a coin-carrier H. The coin-carrier H is provided with small antifriction-rolls e e e a between its two sides. The coin-carrier is. provided with a rearwardlyprojecting arm, to which the spring e, which is carried by the lever I, is connected. This spring holds the coin-carrier normally outward from the center. A chute G is provided, through which the coin is dropped into this carrier H. A closure or lidb is provided for the coin-chute G to prevent the introduction of a coin while the device is being actuated. A spring I) engages the downwardly-projecting arm 6 of the lid 6 to close it. When the coin-carrier is in its initial position, it engages the arm 7) and opens the lid or cover 5.
On the coin-carrier H is a pawl H for the engagement of the ratchetF. The outward movement of the coin-carrier is limited by a stop 2? striking against a pin t. When a coin is dropped through the chute into the carrier and the lever I is actuated, if the coin is of the size of a five-cent piece, it strikes against the flange E and forces the coin-carrier inward toward the center or shaft B by swinging it on the pivot c. This causes its ratchettooth to engage the ratchet F, and when the tss, 187
movement of the crank continues the coin is carried around and out, being delivered at the lower end of the flange, as distinctly ap pears in Fig. 3. As soon as the coin is discharged the spring 02 throws the coin-carrier outward and releases it from the ratchet, when it can be freely swung from place to place without engaging or actuating the delivery mechanism. WVhen a one-cent piece is dropped into the spout and the machine actuated, the coin does not strike the flange E, but passes around it until it strikes the cam portion E, when it throws the coin-carrier inward at that point and engages it with a tooth of the ratchet F and rotates the cylinder a distance equal to one-tenth of its circumference, when a single piece will be discharged. A coiled spring z', something like a clock-spring, is secured to the hub of the lever I for returning the same to the normal position, the lever striking and resting against a suitable cushioned post J when in that position. When the lever is pushed over to the limit, it strikes the pin on the end of the weighted pawl D and forces it into engagement, so that the delivery mechanism is absolutely locked when the machine is in that position. A suitable cushioned stop 8 limits the motion in this direction. It will be impossible to engage the mechanism to actuate it without theintroduction of a coin, as the casing will embrace the entire structure, leaving only the coin-spout and the actuating crank or lever exposed.
I have described my improved mechanism in the form in which I have found it best adapted for use; but I desire to remark, however, that the same can be greatly varied and that it can be adapted for use of different size and dimensions of coins, and it is obvious that more than two sizes of coins can be used in the same machine. I think the special coincontrolled device might be made use of with other operating mechanism for delivering packets or tablets from the magazines, and, on the other hand, the particular form of device I have illustrated in connection with the battery of magazines is well adapted for the structure of a compact and etficient delivery device, no matter whether one or more than one of the packets is to be delivered at a single operation.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a vendingmachine,the combination of ashaft; acylinder carried by said shaft,having spirally arranged delivery pockets therein; a plurality of merchandise-magazines adapted to deliver to said pockets whereby one or more articles will be delivered by said cylinder according to the extent of its rotation; a locking-ratchet for said shaft; a pivoted pawl therefor; an actuating-ratchet; an actuatinglever adapted to engage said pawl for said locking-ratchet at the limit of its stroke; a
coin-carrier pivotally mounted on said actuating-lever, having a tooth for engaging said actuating-ratchet; a coin-chute adapted to deliver coins to said carrier; a pivoted lid or cover for said coin-chute adapted to automatically close when the machine is actuated; an arm on said lid adapted to be engaged by said coin-carrier when in its initial position for opening the same; and a plate with a flange adapted to be engaged by a coin carried by said carrier to force said carrier into engagement with said actuating-ratchet, whereby the same will be actuated during the period of said engagement which is controlled by the length of said flange, all coacting for the purpose specified.
2. In a vending-machine,the combination of a shaft; a cylinder carried by said shaft,having spirally arranged delivery pockets therein; a plurality of merchandise-magazines adapted to deliver to said pockets whereby one or more articles will be delivered by said cylinder according to the extent of its rotation; a locking-ratchet for said shaft; an actuatingratchet; an actuating-lever; a coin-carrier pivotally mounted on said actuating-lever, having a tooth for engagingsaid actuating-ratchet; a coin-chute adapted to deliver coins to said carrier; a pivoted lid or cover for said coinchute adapted to automatically close when the machine is actuated; an arm on said lid adapted to be engaged by said coin-carrier when in its initial position for opening the same; and a plate with a flange adapted to be engaged by a coin carried by said carrier to force said carrier into engagement with said actuatingratchet, whereby the same will be actuated during the period of said engagement which is controlled by the length of said flange, all coacting for the purpose specified.
3. In a vending-machine,the combination of ashaft; a cylinder carried by said shaft,having spirally-arranged delivery-pockets therein; a plurality of merchandise-magazines adapted to deliver to said pockets, whereby one or more articles will be delivered by said cylinder according to the extent of its rotation; an actuating-ratchet; an actuating-lever; a coincarrier pivotally mounted on said actuatinglever, having a tooth for engaging said actuating-ratchet; a coin-chute adapted to deliver coins to said carrier; a pivoted lid or cover for said coin-chute adapted to automatically close when the machine is actuated; an arm on said lid adapted to be engaged by said coincarrier when in its initial position for opening the same; and a plate with a flange adapted to be engaged by a coin carried by said carrier to force said carrier into engagement with said actuating-ratchet, whereby the same will be actuated during the period of said engage-v ment which is controlled by the length of said flange, all coacting for the purpose specified. 4. In a vending-machine,the combination of a shaft; a cylinder carried by said shaft, having spirally-arranged delivery-pockets therein; a plurality of merchandise-magazines adapted to deliver to said pockets whereby one or more articles will be delivered by said cylinder according to the extent of its rotation; a locking-ratchet for said shaft; a pivoted pawl therefor; an actuating-ratchet; an actuating-lever adapted to engage said pawl for said locking-ratchet at the limit of its stroke; a coin-carrier pivotally mounted on said actuating-lever, having a tooth for engaging said actuating-ratchet; and a plate with a flange adapted to be engaged by a coin carried by said carrier to force said carrier into engagement with said actuating-ratchet, whereby the same will be actuated during the period of said engagement which is controlled by the length of said flange, all coacting for the purpose specified.
5. In a vending-machine,the combination of a shaft; a cylinder carried by said shaft, having spirally-arranged delivery-pockets therein; a plurality of merchandise-magazines adapted to deliver to said pockets whereby one or more articles will be delivered by said cylinder according to the extent of its rotation; a locking-ratchet for said shaft; an actuatingratchet; an actuating lever; a coin carrier pivotally mounted on said actuating-lever, having a tooth for engaging said actuatingratchet; and a plate with a flange adapted to be engaged by a coin carried by said carrier to force said carrier into engagement with said actuating-ratchet, whereby the same will be actuated during the period of said engagement which is controlled by the length of said flange, all coacting for the purpose specified.
6. In a vendingmachine, the combination of a shaft; a cylinder carried by said shaft, having spirally-arranged delivery-pockets therein; a plurality of merchandise-magazines adapted to deliver to said pockets whereby one or more articles will be delivered by said cylinder according to the extent of its rotation; an actuating-ratchet; an actuating-lever; a coin-carrier pivotally mounted on said actuating-lever,
having a tooth for engaging said actuatingratchet; and a plate with a flange adapted to be engaged by a coin carried by said carrier to force said carrier into engagement with said actuating-ratchet, whereby the same will be actuated during the period of said engagement which is controlled by the length of said flange, all coacting for the purpose specified.
7. Inavending-machine, the combination of ashaft; a cylinder carried by said shaft having spirally-arranged delivery-pockets therein; a plurality of merchandise-magazines adapted to deliver to said pockets whereby one or more articles will be delivered by said cylinder, according to the extent of its rotation; a looking ratchet for said shaft; a pivoted pawl therefor; an actuating-ratchet; an actuatinglever adapted to engage said pawl for said locking-ratchet at the limit of its stroke; a
coin-carrier pivotally mounted on said actuating-lever, having a tooth for engaging said actuating-ratchet; a coin-chute adapted to deliver coins to said carrier; a pivoted lid or cover for said coin-chute adapted to automatically close when the machine is actuated; an arm on said lid adapted to be engaged by said coin-carrier when in its initial position for opening the same; and a cam-plate adapted to be engaged by a coin carried by said carrier to force the said carrier into engagement with said actuating-ratchet, whereby the same will be actuated during predetermined periods which are controlled by the size of the coin, for the purpose specified.
8. In a vending-machine, the combination of a shaft; a cylinder carried by said shaft having spirally-arranged delivery-pockets therein; a plurality of merchandise-magazines adapted to deliver to said pockets whereby one or more articles will be delivered by said cylinder, according to the extent of its rotation; a locking-ratchet for said shaft; an actuating-lever; a coin-carrier pivotally mounted on said actuating-lever, having a tooth for engaging said actuating-ratchet; a coin-chute adapted to deliver coins to said carrier; a pivoted lid or cover for said coin-chute adapted to automatically close when the machine is actuated; an arm on said lid adapted to be engaged by said coin-carrier when in its initial position for opening the same; and a cam-plate adapted to be engaged by a coin carried by said carrier to force the said carrier into engagement with said actuating-ratchet, whereby the same will be actuated during predetermined periods which are controlled by the size of the coin, for the purpose specified.
9. In a vending-machine, the combination of a shaft; a cylinder carried by said shaft having spirally-arranged delivery-pockets therein; a plurality of merchandise-magazines adapted to deliver to said pockets, whereby one or more articles will be delivered by said cylinder, according to the extent of its rotation; an actuating-ratchet; an actuating-lever; a coin-carrier pivotally mounted on said actuating-lever, having a tooth for engaging said actuating-ratchet; a coin-chute adapted to deliver coins to said carrier; a pivoted lid or cover for said coin-chute adapted to automatically close when the machine is actuated; an arm on said lid adapted to be engaged by said coin-carrier when'in its initial position for opening the same; and a cam-plate adapted to be engaged by a coin carried by said carrier to force the said carrier into engagement with said actuating-ratchet, whereby the same will be actuated during predetermined periods which are controlled by the size of the coin, for the purpose specified.
10. In a vending-machine, the combination of a shaft; a cylinder carried by said shaft having spirally-arranged delivery-pockets there in; a plurality of merchandise magazines.
adapted to deliver to said pockets whereby one or more articles will be delivered by said cylinder, according to the extent of its rotation; a locking-ratchet for said shaft; a pivoted pawl therefor; an actuating-ratchet; an actuatinglever adapted to engage said pawl for said locking-ratchet at the limit of its stroke; a coin-carrier pivotally mounted on said actuating-lever, having a tooth for engaging said actuating-ratchet; and a cam-plate adapted to be engaged by a coin carried by said carrier to force the said carrier into engagement with said actuating-ratchet, whereby the same will be actuated during predetermined periods which are controlled by the size of the coin, for the purpose-specified.
11. In avending-machine, the combination ofashaft; acylinder carried by said shaft having spirally-arranged delivery-pockets therein; a plurality of merchandise magazines adapted to deliver to said pockets whereby one or more articles will be delivered by said cylinder, according to the extent of its rotation; a locking-ratchet for said shaft; an actuatingratchet; an actuating-lever; acoin-carrier pivotally mounted on said actuating-lever, having a tooth for engaging said actuating-ratchet; and a cam-plate adapted to be engaged by a coin carried by said carrier to force said carrier into engagement with said actuatingratchet, whereby the same will be actuated during predetermined periods which are controlled by the size of the coin, for the purpose specified.
12. In a vending-machine, the combination of a shaft; acylinder carried by said shaft having spirally-arranged delivery-pockets therein; a plurality of merchandise magazines adapted to deliver to said pockets whereby one or more articles will be delivered by said cylinder, according to the extent of its rotation; an actuatingratchet; an actuating-lever; a coin-carrier pivotally mounted on said actuating-lever, having a tooth for engaging said actuating-ratchet; and a cam-plate adapted to be engaged by a coin carried by said carrier to force said carrier into engagement with said actuating-ratchet, whereby the same will be actuated during predetermined periods which are controlled by the size of the coin, for the purpose specified.
13. In a vending-machine, the combination of a suitable magazine; an article-delivery device, adapted to deliver one or more articles according to the extent of its actuation; an actuating-ratchet therefor; an operating-lever; a coin carrier or holder carried by said operating-lever, adapted to engage said actuating-ratchet; and a cam-plate adapted to engage a coin carried by said carrier whereby it is caused to engage said actuating-ratchet at a predetermined point in the movement of said actuating-lever, depending on the size of the coin, for the purpose specified.
14:. In a vending-machine, the combination of a suitable magazine; an article-delivery device adapted to deliver one or more articles according to the extent of its actuation; an operating-lever; a coin-carrier carried by said operating-lever, adapted to engage said article-delivery device; and a cam-plate adapted to engage a coin carried by said carrier Where by said carrier is caused to engage said arti: ole-delivery device at a predetermined point in the movement of said actuating-lever, depending on the size of the coin, for the purpose specified.
15. In a vending-machine, the combination of a suitable magazine; an article-delivery device adapted to deliver one or more articles according to the extent of its actuation; acoincarrier adapted to engage said article-delivery device; and a cam-plate adapted to engage a coin carried by said carrier and cause it to engage said article-delivery device at a predetermined point in the movement thereof, depending on the size of the coin, for the purpose specified.
16. In a coin-controlled vending-machine, the combination of an article-delivery device adapted to deliver one or more articles according to the extent of its actuation; an actuating-lever; a pivoted or yielding coin-carrier mounted thereon; a ratchet adapted to be engaged by said coin-carrier; and a cam-plate adapted to engage a coin carried by said carrier to cause it to engage said ratchet at a predetermined point in the movement of said actuating-lever, depending on the size of the coin, for the purpose specified.
17. In a vending-machine, the combination of a suitable article-delivery device adapted to deliver one or more articles according to the extent of its actuation; an operating-lever; a coin-carrier mounted thereon; and a cam-plate adapted to engage the coin as it is carried by said carrier to cause it to engage said delivery mechanism, whereby said delivery mechanism is actuated at a predetermined point in the movement of the lever, for the purpose specified.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal in the presence of two Witnesses.
LEO J. BURDICK. [1,. s]
Witnesses THEO. T. JACOBS, CHAS. O. BAILEY.
US7940201A 1901-10-21 1901-10-21 Vending-machine. Expired - Lifetime US788187A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2754951A (en) * 1951-06-27 1956-07-17 Silver King Corp Change making machine
US3838761A (en) * 1971-11-05 1974-10-01 Sveriges Foerenade Tryckerier Lottery apparatus

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2754951A (en) * 1951-06-27 1956-07-17 Silver King Corp Change making machine
US3838761A (en) * 1971-11-05 1974-10-01 Sveriges Foerenade Tryckerier Lottery apparatus

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