US623562A - Parquetry - Google Patents

Parquetry Download PDF

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US623562A
US623562A US623562DA US623562A US 623562 A US623562 A US 623562A US 623562D A US623562D A US 623562DA US 623562 A US623562 A US 623562A
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grooves
parquetry
grain
block
tongues
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/05Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins, keys or strips
    • E04F2201/0523Separate tongues; Interlocking keys, e.g. joining mouldings of circular, square or rectangular shape

Description

No. 623,562. Patented Apr. 25, 1899.

6. E. RIDER.

PABOUETRY.

(Application filed. May 8, 1898.)

FIG. 3

I 51 1| Il 5?; i l,| W M WDLni/SAM TINTTan STATES PATENT Prion.

CHARLES E. RIDER, OF ROCHESTER, NEIV YORK.

PARQUETRY.

SPECIFICATION forming part Of Letters Patent N0. 623,562, dated April 25, 1899.

Application filed May 3, 1898- Serial No. 679,622. (No model.)

To all whom i1; may concern:

Be it known that I, CHARLES E. RIDER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Rochester, New York, have invented certain Improvements in Parquetry, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.

My invention relates to certain improvements in parquetry, whereby the cost of making, laying, and finishing said parquetrythat is to say, the total cost of the finished productis greatly reduced and at the same time the quality of the completed work is in like degree enhanced.

My improvements are fully described and illustrated in the following specification and accompanying drawings, the novel features thereof being set forth in the claims annexed to the said specification.

In the accompanying drawings, representing parquetry containing my improvements, Figure 1 is a plan View of a single block. Fig. 2 is an edge view of the same. Fig. 3 is a section of the same on the line 3 3 in Fig. 1. Fig. 4 represents a number of blocks joined to- .gether in my improved method. Fig. 5 is a .may be fully understood by any one skilled in the art, I now proceed to describe in detail the processes involved in the construction of. one of the most popular kinds of parquetry blocks -viz., a block eight inches square and five-sixteenths thick. I take a piece of lumber two inches wide and five-sixteenths thick and cut therefrom four rectangular pieces each eight inches long. I make in each end of each strip a saw-kerf about 0. 03 inch wide and about 0.25 inch deep parallel with and preferably about midway between the two surfaces of the strip. Having assembled these strips to form a square, I insert into the groove in each end of the square a piece of steel about seven inches long, 0.5 inch wide, and 0.035 inch thick, driving the steel tightly into the groove. This leaves the grooves beyond each end of the steel unfilled for about half an inch and provides the square with tongues blind nailing, or they may be left entire, if other means of fixation are used in laying the work. In each of the other two edges of the square and in the same plane with the grooves already formed I then cut a groove about- O.'O4 inch wide and 0.25 inch deep, these grooves being designed to receive the tongues projecting from the end grain edges of the adjacent blocks when laying the work for use, such blocks being habitually laid alternatelythat is to say, with the grain of each block running at right angles to that of each adjacent block.

In the accompanying drawings I have representeda single block A in Figs. 1, 2, and 3, provided on its opposite edges with the grooves B B cut in the end grain and having the projecting metallic strips or tongpesg C i serted tightlytliereln and with the wider grooves D D on the other edges. In Fig. 4. I have represented two compound blocks connected together by the projecting tongues and the grooves already described. In Fig. 5 I have represented a floorin g-strip E, provided with a groove F along one edge, .into which the metallic tongue II is tightlyinserted, and with a wider groove I on the opposite edge.

It will be seen that the tongues and grooves above described serve the double purpose, first, of joining the strips to form a firm and portable square or block, and, second, of joining the square to its fellows in laying the work. It will also be readily seen that the former purpose demands a driving fit of the tongue in the groove, while the latter exacts a relatively loose fit. To the rapid and economical laying of flooring there is hardly anything more obstructive than tightly-fitting tongues.

It will be noticed that the tongue is made only about seven inches long, while it might be made half an inch longer. The shorter dimension is chosen in order that the square may be halved diagonally without having to cut through the steel. These squares are laid also to blocks of any desired thickness. In the case of parquetry of adequate thickness the strips within the block maybe further joined to each other by tongue and groove, by dowels, or by any other suitable means.

An equivalent method of serving the purposes above specified consists in the use of a projecting metallic tongue slightly thicker on one edge, this edge being inserted tightly into the groove cut across the grain, while the thinner projecting edge serves for insertion, in laying, into the groove cut parallel with the grain. By this method the grooves may all be of equal width. In Fig. 6 l have shown in cross-section one form of such a tongue.

I elaim 1. A quadrangular parquetry block compounded of a plurality of pieces of wood, said block having grooves on all four edges; the grooves cut across the grain of the wood of the pieces at their ends being narrower than the grooves cut parallel with the grain in the sides of the outer pieces, in combination with projecting metallic tongues fitted tightly in the narrow grooves, substantially as de-.

scribed.

2. A parquetry block consistingof one piece of wood having grooves on all four edges, the grooves cut across the grain being narrower than the grooves cut parallel with the grain, said narrower grooves having inserted in them projecting metallic tongues somewhat shorter than the distance between the bottom of the grooves in the other two edges, substantially as described.

3. A quadrangular parquetry block compounded of two or more pieces, of Wood; said block having grooves on all four edges; the grooves cut across the grain of the wood being narrower than the grooves cut parallel with the grain; said narrower grooves having inserted in them projecting metallic tongues; said tongues being somewhat shorter than the distance between the bottom of the grooves in the other two edges, substantially as described.

4. A quadrangular parquetry block, 0011- sisting of one or more pieces of wood, having grooves on all four edges and provided with projecting metallic tongues inserted tightly in the grooves cut across the grain, the projeeting part of the tongues being adjusted to lit more loosely into the grooves out parallel with the grain, substantially as described.

CHARLES E. RIDER.

Witnesses:

GEO. l3. SELDEN, II. C. II. COOPER.

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2858584A (en) * 1954-11-03 1958-11-04 Eugene F Gaines Spline for hanging tile
US3209889A (en) * 1962-02-16 1965-10-05 Metzger Hans Otto Apparatus for arranging parquet panel
US20040123547A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-07-01 Thomas Grafenauer Floor panel
US20040123542A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-07-01 Thomas Grafenauer Wood fiberboard, in particular floor panel
US20040128934A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2004-07-08 Hendrik Hecht Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US20040211143A1 (en) * 2001-08-10 2004-10-28 Hans-Jurgen Hanning Panel and fastening system for such a panel
US20050076598A1 (en) * 2003-10-11 2005-04-14 Matthias Lewark Panel, in particular floor panel
US20050089644A1 (en) * 2003-09-06 2005-04-28 Frank Oldorff Method for sealing a building panel
US20050144878A1 (en) * 2003-12-17 2005-07-07 Thomas Grafenauer Building board for use in subfloors
US20050193677A1 (en) * 2004-03-08 2005-09-08 Kronotec Ag. Wooden material board, in particular flooring panel
US20050205161A1 (en) * 2004-01-30 2005-09-22 Matthias Lewark Method for bringing in a strip forming a spring of a board
US20050214537A1 (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-09-29 Kronotex Gmbh & Co., Kg. Insulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US20060182938A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2006-08-17 Flooring Technologies Ltd., Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US20070028547A1 (en) * 2003-03-24 2007-02-08 Kronotec Ag Device for connecting building boards, especially floor panels
US20070059492A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-03-15 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board
US20070071949A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2007-03-29 Kronotec Ag Process for producing a structured decoration in a woodbased-material board
US20070193178A1 (en) * 2006-02-10 2007-08-23 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Device and method for locking two building boards
US20070207290A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-09-06 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US7641963B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2010-01-05 Kronotec Ag Panel and process for producing a panel
US7651751B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2010-01-26 Kronotec Ag Building board
US7827749B2 (en) 2005-12-29 2010-11-09 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel and method of manufacture
US20110059239A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2011-03-10 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US9365028B2 (en) 2006-02-21 2016-06-14 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for finishing a building board and building board

Cited By (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2858584A (en) * 1954-11-03 1958-11-04 Eugene F Gaines Spline for hanging tile
US3209889A (en) * 1962-02-16 1965-10-05 Metzger Hans Otto Apparatus for arranging parquet panel
US20040211143A1 (en) * 2001-08-10 2004-10-28 Hans-Jurgen Hanning Panel and fastening system for such a panel
US7451578B2 (en) * 2001-08-10 2008-11-18 Akzenta Paneele + Profile Gmbh Panel and fastening system for such a panel
US20070071949A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2007-03-29 Kronotec Ag Process for producing a structured decoration in a woodbased-material board
US8833029B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2014-09-16 Kronotec Ag Floor panel
US8257791B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2012-09-04 Kronotec Ag Process of manufacturing a wood fiberboard, in particular floor panels
US7617651B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2009-11-17 Kronotec Ag Floor panel
US20040123547A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-07-01 Thomas Grafenauer Floor panel
US20040123542A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-07-01 Thomas Grafenauer Wood fiberboard, in particular floor panel
US7431979B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2008-10-07 Kronotec Ag Wood fiberboard
US7641963B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2010-01-05 Kronotec Ag Panel and process for producing a panel
US7484337B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2009-02-03 Kronotec. Ag Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US9169658B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2015-10-27 Kronotec Ag Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US20040128934A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2004-07-08 Hendrik Hecht Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US20090133358A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2009-05-28 Kronotec Ag, Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US7651751B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2010-01-26 Kronotec Ag Building board
US8016969B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2011-09-13 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US7790293B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-09-07 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US7678425B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-03-16 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US20060182938A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2006-08-17 Flooring Technologies Ltd., Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US7908816B2 (en) 2003-03-24 2011-03-22 Kronotec Ag Device for connecting building boards, especially floor panels
US20070028547A1 (en) * 2003-03-24 2007-02-08 Kronotec Ag Device for connecting building boards, especially floor panels
US20050089644A1 (en) * 2003-09-06 2005-04-28 Frank Oldorff Method for sealing a building panel
US8003168B2 (en) 2003-09-06 2011-08-23 Kronotec Ag Method for sealing a building panel
US20050076598A1 (en) * 2003-10-11 2005-04-14 Matthias Lewark Panel, in particular floor panel
US8176698B2 (en) 2003-10-11 2012-05-15 Kronotec Ag Panel
US20050144878A1 (en) * 2003-12-17 2005-07-07 Thomas Grafenauer Building board for use in subfloors
US7506481B2 (en) 2003-12-17 2009-03-24 Kronotec Ag Building board for use in subfloors
US20050205161A1 (en) * 2004-01-30 2005-09-22 Matthias Lewark Method for bringing in a strip forming a spring of a board
US7562431B2 (en) 2004-01-30 2009-07-21 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for bringing in a strip forming a spring of a board
US20050193677A1 (en) * 2004-03-08 2005-09-08 Kronotec Ag. Wooden material board, in particular flooring panel
US7550202B2 (en) 2004-03-11 2009-06-23 Kronotec Ag Insulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US20050214537A1 (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-09-29 Kronotex Gmbh & Co., Kg. Insulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US7816001B2 (en) 2004-03-11 2010-10-19 Kronotec Ag Insulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US20090142611A1 (en) * 2004-03-11 2009-06-04 Kronotec Ag Insulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US20070059492A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-03-15 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board
US20110059239A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2011-03-10 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US8919063B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2014-12-30 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board having a pattern applied onto side surfaces and conecting mechanisms thereof
US20070207290A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-09-06 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US7854986B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2010-12-21 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US8475871B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2013-07-02 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US9816278B2 (en) 2005-12-29 2017-11-14 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel and method of manufacture
US7827749B2 (en) 2005-12-29 2010-11-09 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel and method of manufacture
US20070193178A1 (en) * 2006-02-10 2007-08-23 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Device and method for locking two building boards
US7621092B2 (en) 2006-02-10 2009-11-24 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Device and method for locking two building boards
US9365028B2 (en) 2006-02-21 2016-06-14 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for finishing a building board and building board

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