US1477813A - Parquet flooring and wall paneling - Google Patents

Parquet flooring and wall paneling Download PDF

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Publication number
US1477813A
US1477813A US66890723A US1477813A US 1477813 A US1477813 A US 1477813A US 66890723 A US66890723 A US 66890723A US 1477813 A US1477813 A US 1477813A
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sections
wood
grooves
flooring
section
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Daniels Ernest Stuart
Schuck Harold Pitman
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Daniels Ernest Stuart
Schuck Harold Pitman
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members

Description

Dec. 118, 1923.

E. s. DANIELS ET AL PARQUET FLOORING AND WALL PANELING Filed Oct. 16 1925 2 Sheets-5heet l I %2 m9 entors Ernasi iua/r Dmls .HCU/"OZQZBLWW Scflwck Dec. 18, E923. 1,477,813

- E. s. DANIELS ET AL PARQUET FLOORING AND WALL PANELING Filed Oct. 16. 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 JE ElitQKEQGd Dec. 1%, i923. r

ERNEST STUART PANIELS, 0F WASHINGTONQDISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, AND HAROLD PITIEAN SCHUCK, OF EAST ORANGE, NEW JERSEY.

PARQUET FLOORING AND WALL PANELING.

Application filed October 16, 1923. Serial No. 668,907.

T 0 all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, ERNEST STUART DANIELS, a subject of the King of England, and HAROLD PITMAN ScHUcK, a citizen of the United States, residing, respectively, at TWashington, District of Columbia, and at East Orange, in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Parquet Floorings and fall Panelings; and we do hereby declare the following to be 'a full,

clear, and exact description of the invention,

lid

such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to flooring, and more particularly to what is commonly known as parquet flooring.

The primary object of the invention is to provide flooring material constructed in sections having means rigid therewith for securing together, by interlocking tongue and groove connections, a group or multiplicity of sections in properly assembled relation to form a floor, without other fastening means than said interlocking connections.

A further object is to provide flooring.

material of the character referred to,

adapted for use in constructing wall panels or paneled ceilings and thelike.

The invention will first be hereinafter more particularly described, with reference to the accompanying drawings, which are to be taken as apart of this specification, and then pointed out in the claims at the end of the description.

In said drawings, Fig. 1 is a plan view, partly in section of a portion of a parquet floor embodying our invention; one section being shown detached, partly in plan and partly in sectional view, in position for assembling 0r uniting the same with two adjoining sections at one corner of the group;

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a group of four sections of flooring material embodying'our invention arranged in proper relation for assembling thegroup or a multiplicity of sections; A v

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a portion of a wall panel or paneled ceiling composed I of a oup of sections of flooring material embodying our invention; and

Fig. 4 is a perspective view of one of the sections shown in Fig. 3 detached; the near edge thereof being shown in section.

Referring to said drawings, in which the same reference characters are used to denote corresponding parts in different views, the letters A, A, in Figs. land 2, denote composite sections of flooring material constructed in accordance with our invention, and consisting, as shown, of planks or boards secured together edge to edge with the grain of the wood in each section running substantially at right angles to the running of the grain in any adjoining section so as to form practically an integral section of flooring so constructed as to adapt a multiplicity of such sections to be assembled and rigidly secured together in such manner as to form a floor or wall panel without the use of nails, screws or other fastening means than the interlocking tongues and grooves with which the sections are provided. The sections may be of any desired form and size, either square or rectangular or octagonal, and any suitable material may be used to form the individual sections, either solid 01' composite. Preferably the sections consist of a number of boards or blocks of wood placed edge to edge and provided along the outer edges of the section with longitudinal grooves a, while the end portions thereof are provided with transverse grooves in which are secured strips 6 of wood, which are a little shorter than the length of the groove so as to provide projecting tongues at opposite ends of the-section adapted to fit snugly within the longitudinal grooves of adjoining sections with the ends of the tongues flush with the bottoms of said longitudinal grooves, and secure the assembled sections together, in the manner indicated in the drawings, so that when a group or multiplicity of sections are assembled in proper relation the entire group will be held together by the interlocking tongues and grooves without other fastening means. If desired, fastening strips overlying the edges of the assembled sections may be used, for greater security and ion larger than the sections shown in Figs. 1 ion and 2, which are used to form a wall panel, or the like, with the sections assembled in a vertical position, instead of a horizontal position, in which case it may be desirable to secure a fastening strip or board over the Mo tions are preferably constructed of a series of short and narrow boards having smooth adjoining edges and secured together edge to edge, in the manner indicated in the drawings, but if desired, the series of boards may be secured together by tongue and groove connections in addition to the transverse strips.

I t will be observed that the longitudinal grooves extend along the edges of the section parallel with the grain of the wood, substantially at right angles to the transverse grooves which extend substantially at right angles to the grain of the wood, and that the strips fitted in said transverse grooves ex-.

tend at an angle to: the grain of the wood, thus producing a very substantial, strong and durable section of flooring material having a neat and finished appearance and adapted for various uses-to which flooring material of the character described may be put.

We desire it to be understood that-the word flooring as used in the appended claims is intended to include not only flooring material but Wall panels and paneled ceilings and various other structures in which our invention may be used. Furthermore, in the broader aspects of the inventlon, for some purposes, other material than wood may be used to form similarly tongued and grooved flooring sections adapted to perform to a greater or less degree substantially the same function as sections composed entirely of wood, and therefore we do not desire to limit our invention to parquet 'flooring or wall panels made entirely of wood, though wood is desirable and preferable, and in some cases indispensable to produce the best results.

By the described construction we are enabled to produce at comparatively little expense a nicely finished and durable flooring material, by the utilization of the heretofore unused and waste products of lumber, such as short pieces of flooring material, which are usually cast OE and used as fire wood, and more particularly the utilization of hard but inexpensive wood, such as gum lumber, which is unfit for use as ordinary flooring material, because of its natural tendency to warp and split, and which, for this reason, is sold at a very low price as compared with ordinary. flooring material. Furthermore,

' between amie the described reinforcement of the composite sections by means of the transverse strips or tie-pieces inserted in grooves at opposite ends of a section serves to bind the several elements of the section firmly together in such manner as to prevent warping and splitting and to form a practically integral structure with the grain of the wood in the major part of the section running at an angle, preferably substantially at right angles, to the grain of the wood in said stri or tie-pieces.

I aving thus described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. A parquet flooring comprising individually formed sections of flooring material interlocked and held together in assembled relation by interlocking longitudinal and transverse tongue and groove connections the sections; the longitudinal grooves extending along opposite edges of the section at an angle to the tongues; the individual sections being composed of short pieces of boards secured together edge to in the ends of the respective boards; the ends, of the tongues terminating flush with the bottoms of the longitudinal grooves.

2. A parquet flooring comprising individ- 9 ually formed sections of flooring material compositely held together by transverse tongues, the several sections being held in assembled relation by longitudinal and transverse tongue and groove connections extending along the edges of adjacent sections, each individual section consisting of a plurality of boards joined together edge to edge by the tongues fitting into said grooves with the grain of the wood in one section 105 running substantially at right angles to the grain of the wood in adjoining sections.

3. A parquet flooring composed of substantially square sections of flooring material interlocked and held together in as- 110 sembled relation by longitudinal and transverse tongue and groove connections extending along the edges of adjacent sections, the individual sections consisting of a plurality of boards joined together edge to edge 115 with the grain of the wood in one section running substantially at right angles to the grain of the wood in adjoining sections; said boards being secured together by strips of Wood fitted in said transverse grooves at 120 grooves in the edgesthereof running paral- 130 edge by tongues fitting in registering grooves marinara lel with the grain of the wood, and strips of wood inserted and fixed in said transverse grooves with the outer edges thereof prob trudin 'so as to form tongues for insertion in the ongitudinal grooves of adjacent sections similarly constructed and assembled to form a floor or wall panel, the assembled sections being individually and compositely held in properly assembled relation bysaid tongues and grooves without other fastening means.

5. A parquet flooring section composed of wooden pieces having transverse groovesin opposite ends thereof runnin at an angle to the grain of the wood an longitudinal grooves in the edges thereof running parallel with the grain of the wood, and strips of wood inserted and fixed in said transverse grooves with the outer edges thereof protruding so as to form tongues for insertion in the longitudinal grooves of adjacent sections similarly constructed and assembled to form a floor or wall panel, the assembled sections being held in properly assembled relation by said tongues and grooves without other fastening means; the grain of the wood in each section running at an angle to the grain of the wood in adjacent sections.

6. A parquet flooring section consisting of several boards or blocks of wood placed edge to edge and having transverse registering grooves in opposite ends thereof and longitudinal grooves in the outer edges of the outer boards; said boards being secured 35 together by strips of wood inserted and fixed in said transverse grooves, the said strips protruding beyond the ends of the oards so as to orm tongues for insertion in the longitudinal ooves of adjacent sections, whereby similarly constructed sections may be assembled to form a floor or wall panel and secured together by said tongues and grooves without other fastenin means.

g. A parquet flooring section consisting of several boards'or blocks of wood place edge to edge and having transverse registering grooves in opposite ends thereof and longitudinal grooves in the outer edges of the outer boards; said boards being secured together by strips of wood inserted and fixed in said transverse grooves, the said strips protruding beyond the ends of the boards so as to orm tongues for insertion in the longitudinal grooves of adjacent sections, whereby similarly constructed sections may be assembled .to form a floor or wall panel and secured together by said tongues and grooves without other fastening means; the grain of the wood in said strips running at an angle to the grain of the wood in said boards, and the grain of the wood in each of the assembled sections being adapted to run at an angle to the grain of the wood in adjacent sections.

In ,testimon' whereof we afiix our signatures. v

ERNEST STUART DANIELS. HAROLD PITMAN SCHUCK.

US1477813A 1923-10-16 1923-10-16 Parquet flooring and wall paneling Expired - Lifetime US1477813A (en)

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Cited By (59)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2725910A (en) * 1948-09-22 1955-12-06 Kahr Gustaf Method of producing laminated boards or slabs with a parquet-patterned wearing surface
US2894292A (en) * 1957-03-21 1959-07-14 Jasper Wood Crafters Inc Combination sub-floor and top floor
US2914815A (en) * 1955-08-17 1959-12-01 Alexander Verna Cook Interlocked flooring and method
US6510665B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-01-28 Valinge Aluminum Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US6516579B1 (en) 1993-05-10 2003-02-11 Tony Pervan System for joining building boards
US6532709B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2003-03-18 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system and flooring board
US20030101674A1 (en) * 2001-09-20 2003-06-05 Darko Pervan Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US20030196405A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 2003-10-23 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US20040016196A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2004-01-29 Darko Pervan Mechanical locking system for floating floor
US6715253B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2004-04-06 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system for floorboards
US6769218B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2004-08-03 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and locking system therefor
US6851241B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2005-02-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards and methods for production and installation thereof
US6880305B2 (en) 1995-05-17 2005-04-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US7086205B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2006-08-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab System for joining building panels
US7137229B2 (en) 2002-03-20 2006-11-21 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards with decorative grooves
US20070172688A1 (en) * 2003-12-04 2007-07-26 Reichwein David P Locking engineered wood flooring
US7328536B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2008-02-12 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7386963B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2008-06-17 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system and flooring board
US7431979B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2008-10-07 Kronotec Ag Wood fiberboard
US7444791B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2008-11-04 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system and flooring board
US7454875B2 (en) 2004-10-22 2008-11-25 Valinge Aluminium Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US7484338B2 (en) 1999-04-30 2009-02-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system, floorboard comprising such a locking system, as well as method for making floorboards
US7484337B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2009-02-03 Kronotec. Ag Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US7506481B2 (en) 2003-12-17 2009-03-24 Kronotec Ag Building board for use in subfloors
US7516588B2 (en) 2004-01-13 2009-04-14 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US7550202B2 (en) 2004-03-11 2009-06-23 Kronotec Ag Insulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US7562431B2 (en) 2004-01-30 2009-07-21 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for bringing in a strip forming a spring of a board
US7617651B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2009-11-17 Kronotec Ag Floor panel
US7621092B2 (en) 2006-02-10 2009-11-24 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Device and method for locking two building boards
US7637068B2 (en) 2002-04-03 2009-12-29 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US7641963B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2010-01-05 Kronotec Ag Panel and process for producing a panel
US7651751B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2010-01-26 Kronotec Ag Building board
US7678425B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-03-16 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US7677001B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-03-16 Valinge Innovation Ab Flooring systems and methods for installation
US7739849B2 (en) 2002-04-22 2010-06-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards, flooring systems and methods for manufacturing and installation thereof
US7827749B2 (en) 2005-12-29 2010-11-09 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel and method of manufacture
US7841144B2 (en) 2005-03-30 2010-11-30 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US7845140B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-12-07 Valinge Innovation Ab Flooring and method for installation and manufacturing thereof
US7854986B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2010-12-21 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US7886497B2 (en) 2003-12-02 2011-02-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US7908816B2 (en) 2003-03-24 2011-03-22 Kronotec Ag Device for connecting building boards, especially floor panels
US8003168B2 (en) 2003-09-06 2011-08-23 Kronotec Ag Method for sealing a building panel
US8042484B2 (en) 2004-10-05 2011-10-25 Valinge Innovation Ab Appliance and method for surface treatment of a board shaped material and floorboard
US8061104B2 (en) 2005-05-20 2011-11-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8176698B2 (en) 2003-10-11 2012-05-15 Kronotec Ag Panel
US8215078B2 (en) 2005-02-15 2012-07-10 Välinge Innovation Belgium BVBA Building panel with compressed edges and method of making same
US8245477B2 (en) 2002-04-08 2012-08-21 Välinge Innovation AB Floorboards for floorings
US8250825B2 (en) 2001-09-20 2012-08-28 Välinge Innovation AB Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US8475871B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2013-07-02 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US8584423B2 (en) 2001-07-27 2013-11-19 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with sealing means
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8850769B2 (en) 2002-04-15 2014-10-07 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards for floating floors
US8919063B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2014-12-30 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board having a pattern applied onto side surfaces and conecting mechanisms thereof
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9322183B2 (en) 2004-01-13 2016-04-26 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US9365028B2 (en) 2006-02-21 2016-06-14 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for finishing a building board and building board
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US9464444B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2725910A (en) * 1948-09-22 1955-12-06 Kahr Gustaf Method of producing laminated boards or slabs with a parquet-patterned wearing surface
US2914815A (en) * 1955-08-17 1959-12-01 Alexander Verna Cook Interlocked flooring and method
US2894292A (en) * 1957-03-21 1959-07-14 Jasper Wood Crafters Inc Combination sub-floor and top floor
US7823359B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-11-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with a tongue, groove and a strip
US7086205B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2006-08-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab System for joining building panels
US6516579B1 (en) 1993-05-10 2003-02-11 Tony Pervan System for joining building boards
US7775007B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-08-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US7121059B2 (en) 1994-04-29 2006-10-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US20030196405A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 2003-10-23 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US6880305B2 (en) 1995-05-17 2005-04-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US8789334B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2014-07-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
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US7386963B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2008-06-17 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system and flooring board
US6532709B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2003-03-18 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system and flooring board
US7444791B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2008-11-04 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system and flooring board
US6922964B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2005-08-02 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system and flooring board
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US7484338B2 (en) 1999-04-30 2009-02-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system, floorboard comprising such a locking system, as well as method for making floorboards
US6898913B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2005-05-31 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US7779596B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2010-08-24 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US8234831B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2012-08-07 Välinge Innovation AB Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US6510665B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-01-28 Valinge Aluminum Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US8011155B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2011-09-06 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US9611656B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-04-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9316006B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-04-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
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US9260869B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-16 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US7003925B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2006-02-28 Valinge Aluminum Ab Locking system for floorboards
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