US611082A - shadbolt - Google Patents

shadbolt Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US611082A
US611082A US611082DA US611082A US 611082 A US611082 A US 611082A US 611082D A US611082D A US 611082DA US 611082 A US611082 A US 611082A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
frame
axle
wagon
wheels
dumping
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US611082A publication Critical patent/US611082A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/04Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading with a tipping movement of load-transporting element
    • B60P1/28Tipping body constructions
    • B60P1/283Elements of tipping devices

Definitions

  • WITNESSES INVENTOR @MWC/2M f il'NrTnD STATES PATENT @muon IVILLIAM OSCAR SHADBOLT, OFNFV YORK, N. Y.
  • This invention relates to four-wheeled vehicles or wagons, and particularly to dumping-wagons; and the invention resides partly in a construction of the wagon which adapts .it for dumping, partly in the manner of mounting the upper parts of the wagon on the front axle, and partly in the construction and form of the body, all as will be hereinafter more particularly set forth, and the novel features thereof carefully defined in the claims.
  • Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section of the wagon and Fig. 1ft is a section at line in Fig. 1, showing the king-bolt coupling.
  • Fig. 2 is a plan of the frame and running-gears, the body of the wagon being omitted.
  • Fig. 2f is a fragmentary side view showing the body-lock, and Fig. 2b shows the axle member detached.
  • Fig. 3 is a rear end View of the wagon.
  • Fig. 4. isa cross-section of the body at line @c4 in Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 5 is a side View
  • Fig. 6 a rear view, of a slightly-modified form of the axle member of the wagon illustrated in Figs. 1,2, and 3.
  • 1 is a strong rectangular horizontal frame
  • 2 is the body, pivotally mounted in said frame at 3 near the middle of the length of the body, one of the main objects of the construction being to throw a due proportion of the weight of the load on the front wheels, as it is in an ordinary non-dumping wagon, and at the same time to enable the body to be pivoted for dumping at a point so well forward that the load to the rear of said point will very nearly counterbalance that forward of said point.
  • the object of the construction of this rear part is the object of the construction of this rear part, which will now be described.
  • iixed blocks or bolster-pieces 1 which rest on the rear axle members and form a part of the frame.
  • the rear axle is in two like L-shaped members, one of which is seen detached in Fig. 2l.
  • the horizontal part 5 of this member takes under and forms a seat for the bolster-piece 4 and has formed on it the axle-arm, about which the rear wheel 6 turns, and the upright part 5 of the member is applied closely to the face of the bolster-piece and side member of the frame 1, having at its upper end two lateral flanges, (seen in dotted lines in Fig. 1,) which give it a T-like form or shape.
  • This upright part 5 is embraced up to the said lateral flanges by angle-irons 5b, and it is firmly secured to the bolster-piece and frame, the former resting on the part 5, between the collar thereon and the upright part 5%
  • This construction places .the upright parts of the axle in a vertical plane passing through the axes of the two axle-arms, such arrangement being neoessary in order to get the maximum strength.
  • the body is pivoted at 3 on a cross-beam 6 in the frame 1, and the structure is further stiffened by a cross-beam 7 between the front ends of the bolster-pieces, said piece 7 being set obliquely and just forward of the position occupied by the bottom of the body when dumped, this position being indicated by a dotted line in Fig. 1.
  • the beam 7 may be braced by angle-irons 7a, as shown in Fig. 1.
  • the frame 1 is supported on the front wheels 8, the frame having the usual circle-iron 9, resting on the fifth-wheel10, and this latter being mounted on the bolster 11 of the front axle 12.
  • the king-bolt 13 passing down through the cross-beam 14 on the frame, does not enter the bolster in the line of the wheel-axis, but passes down back of the axle through a block 15, rigidly secured to the rear face of the bolster.
  • the hole inthe block 15 (see Fig. 1a) through which the kingbolt passes is ared downward laterally, but not in the other direction.
  • On the lower end of the king-bolt is a nut 5 but this nut does not IOO fit up closelyto the block.
  • This construction serves two purposes: By placing the kingbolt 13 in a vertical transverse plane back of such a plane passing through the centers of the front wheels the axle-arms of these wheels become a fulcrum of a lever, and the weight of the pole (not shown) which is fixed in the jaws 11a has to overcome the weight of the body bearing on the rear arm of the lever at the king-bolt, and this weight serves to hold up the pole, thus taking off the parts the twisting strain from a heavy pole which comes from the setting of the king-bolt in the same vertical plane as the axle. By daring the hole in the block l5 in a lateral direction and downward, as described, the strain put upon the parts when one front wheel rides up higher than the otheris avoided.
  • This construction permits the front axle and the fifth-wheel lO to assume considerable inclination,whilc the body and the circle-iron 9 remain level, thus avoiding a twist in the body and undue strain on the parts.
  • the block l5 will have, by preference, an angle-plate 15 under it, and the king-bolt 13 will pass down through and play in a slot therein.
  • the nut on the lower end of the king-bolt is intended mainly to keep the bolt from working upward.
  • the body 2 as constructed for use in transporting garbage is made water-tight, and the bottom, at the rear end, is inclined upward at 2, so as to forni a shallow liquid-receptacle below the lip 2b, over which the garbage flows in dumping, and the tail-gate 16 is fitted to the rear end of the body in an inclined position, the upper edge being inclined forward.
  • the tail-gate is not hinged to the body, but is held up thereto by screw-clamps 1G, hinged to the body, so that they may be turned or swung aside when not in use and when in use may be brought over the edge of the tail-gate and into operative position.
  • the tail-gate is lifted off and set aside. Vhen in place, leakage is prevented by its tight fit.
  • a simple device which will prevent the dumping of the body prematurely will serve the purpose. That here shown is best seen in Figs. 2, 2, and 3, and it consists of a shoul der 17 on the side of the body back of the pivot-point and conveniently formed by fixing an angle-iron on one of the stanchions of the body.
  • a locking-bar 18, pivoted at 18n on the frame so that it may be swung in horizontally under the shoulder 17.
  • the bar 18 when in position under the locking-shoulder may be held in position by a piu 19,which is inserted in a hole in a keeper 19 on the frame and extending over the bar 1S.
  • Figs. 5 and 6 show a construction where the upright members 5" of the axle are forked. These views also show these members as applied to the outer face of the frame l.
  • upright member as here employed with respect to the attaching member of the axle-arm is meant a construction where the axle-arm proper projects out free from the lowest part of a member which is upright and applied to thc face of the wagon-frame and in which the frame is wholly inside or between the hind wheels, so that the latter may be slipped on and off the respective fixed arms.
  • cranked axles are not new ⁇ and that hind wheels provided with integral journals at both sides have been mounted in journal-bearings on the bottoms of double side frames, the wheels being between the double members of the frame.
  • This construction I do not claim, nor is it adapted for use with ordinary wheels and axles for wagons.
  • the body of my wagon is a single or unitary structure and extends back beyond the axes of the rear wheels.
  • a four-wheeled dumping-wagon having its body pivotally mounted at about the middle of its length in a strong frame, and having its hind wheels wholly exterior to said frame and mounted on outwardly-projecting axle-arms, each of which has an upright attaching member secured to the side of said frame, said axlearms being separate, and the dumping-body extending back beyond the axes of the hind wheels, substantially as set forth.
  • a dumpingwagon comprising a strong, rectangular, substantially horizontal frame provided with fixed blocks or bolster-pieces 4, a pair of front wheels and their axle under the front end of said frame, a pair ofhind wheels, mounted on separate axle-arms each arm having an upright attaching member extending up to and secured to the face of said frame above the bolster-piece, and a body pivotally mounted inside of said frame and adapted to dump between the said hind wheels, substantially as set forth.
  • a dumping-wagon comprising a strong rectangular frame, a pair of front wheels and their axle under the front end of said frame, separate axle-arms for the hind wheels, each IOO IIO
  • a wagon having a bolster on the front axle, a fifth-wheel on said bolster, a block secured to the rear face of said bolster, said block having in it a flared socket to receive the king-bolt, and the said king-bolt, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
  • a Wagon provided with a body which is substantially rectangular in cross-section and has a flat bottom the rear part of which has a slightly-upward slope toward the rear to a discharging-lip 2b, whereby a shallow liquidreceptacle is formed in the body, the rear end of the body, above said lip, being sloped or inclined forward and provided with a tailgate 16, whereby said tail-gate has a moderate inclination forward from a vertical plane, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
  • a dumping-wagon for garbage the combination with the frame and runninggears, of a body 2, pivotally mounted on said running-gears and having an upwardly-sloping rear portion 2a at its bottom to form a liquid-receptacle in the body, said body being sloped or inclined forward and upward at its rear end above the discharging-lip 2b, and a tail-gate 16 closing said rear end, substantially as set forth.

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Handcart (AREA)

Description

N10. 611,082. Patented sept. 20, |898. w. o. sHAnBoLT.
WAGON.
(Application Bled Feb. 5, 1898.)
.(Nu Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet l.
4 Sheets-,Shut 2.
'INVENTOR Patented Sept. 207 |898.
BY l I) ATTGRNEY W. 0. SHADBOLT.
WAGON (Application am Fen-5, 1898.)
TH: Noam Pmns co., moro-L Tuo..
No. n,082.
(No Model.)
` WITNESSES: fL// L No. 6II,082. Patented Sept. 20, |898. W. 0. SHADBOLT.
WAGON.
(Application filed, Feb. 5, 1898.)
( No Model.) 4 Sheets heet 3.
` WITNESSESI INVENTOR ///'z/ @044/ v BY ATTORNEY No. 6||,os2. Patented sept. 20,1898. w. o. sHAnBoLT.
WAGON.
(Application led Feb. 5, 1898.) (No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.
WITNESSES: INVENTOR @MWC/2M f il'NrTnD STATES PATENT @muon IVILLIAM OSCAR SHADBOLT, OFNFV YORK, N. Y.
WAGON.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 611,082, dated September 20, 1898.
Application filed February 5, 1898. Serial No. 669,178. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom it may concern: y
Beit known that I, WILLIAM OSCAR SHAD- BOLT, a citizen of the United States, residing in the borough of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and city and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Vagons, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to four-wheeled vehicles or wagons, and particularly to dumping-wagons; and the invention resides partly in a construction of the wagon which adapts .it for dumping, partly in the manner of mounting the upper parts of the wagon on the front axle, and partly in the construction and form of the body, all as will be hereinafter more particularly set forth, and the novel features thereof carefully defined in the claims.
In the drawings which serve to illustrate the invention it is represented as embodied in a wagon suited for collecting, transporting, and dumping garbage, although it may of course be employed for other uses.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section of the wagon and Fig. 1ft is a section at line in Fig. 1, showing the king-bolt coupling. Fig. 2 is a plan of the frame and running-gears, the body of the wagon being omitted. Fig. 2f is a fragmentary side view showing the body-lock, and Fig. 2b shows the axle member detached. Fig. 3 is a rear end View of the wagon. Fig. 4. isa cross-section of the body at line @c4 in Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a side View, and Fig. 6 a rear view, of a slightly-modified form of the axle member of the wagon illustrated in Figs. 1,2, and 3.
Referring primarily to Figs. 1 to t of the drawings, 1 is a strong rectangular horizontal frame, and 2 is the body, pivotally mounted in said frame at 3 near the middle of the length of the body, one of the main objects of the construction being to throw a due proportion of the weight of the load on the front wheels, as it is in an ordinary non-dumping wagon, and at the same time to enable the body to be pivoted for dumping at a point so well forward that the load to the rear of said point will very nearly counterbalance that forward of said point. To effect this in a vehicle with four wheels and a relatively long body, and at the same time to maintain the proper strength and stilfness at the rear portion of the structure, is the object of the construction of this rear part, which will now be described.
Under the respective side members of the frame 1 are iixed blocks or bolster-pieces 1, which rest on the rear axle members and form a part of the frame. The rear axle is in two like L-shaped members, one of which is seen detached in Fig. 2l. The horizontal part 5 of this member takes under and forms a seat for the bolster-piece 4 and has formed on it the axle-arm, about which the rear wheel 6 turns, and the upright part 5 of the member is applied closely to the face of the bolster-piece and side member of the frame 1, having at its upper end two lateral flanges, (seen in dotted lines in Fig. 1,) which give it a T-like form or shape. This upright part 5 is embraced up to the said lateral flanges by angle-irons 5b, and it is firmly secured to the bolster-piece and frame, the former resting on the part 5, between the collar thereon and the upright part 5% This construction places .the upright parts of the axle in a vertical plane passing through the axes of the two axle-arms, such arrangement being neoessary in order to get the maximum strength. The body is pivoted at 3 on a cross-beam 6 in the frame 1, and the structure is further stiffened by a cross-beam 7 between the front ends of the bolster-pieces, said piece 7 being set obliquely and just forward of the position occupied by the bottom of the body when dumped, this position being indicated by a dotted line in Fig. 1. The beam 7 may be braced by angle-irons 7a, as shown in Fig. 1.
At the front the frame 1 is supported on the front wheels 8, the frame having the usual circle-iron 9, resting on the fifth-wheel10, and this latter being mounted on the bolster 11 of the front axle 12. These features are in themselves common in vehicles; but in the present construction the king-bolt 13, passing down through the cross-beam 14 on the frame, does not enter the bolster in the line of the wheel-axis, but passes down back of the axle through a block 15, rigidly secured to the rear face of the bolster. The hole inthe block 15 (see Fig. 1a) through which the kingbolt passes is ared downward laterally, but not in the other direction. On the lower end of the king-bolt is a nut 5 but this nut does not IOO fit up closelyto the block. This construction serves two purposes: By placing the kingbolt 13 in a vertical transverse plane back of such a plane passing through the centers of the front wheels the axle-arms of these wheels become a fulcrum of a lever, and the weight of the pole (not shown) which is fixed in the jaws 11a has to overcome the weight of the body bearing on the rear arm of the lever at the king-bolt, and this weight serves to hold up the pole, thus taking off the parts the twisting strain from a heavy pole which comes from the setting of the king-bolt in the same vertical plane as the axle. By daring the hole in the block l5 in a lateral direction and downward, as described, the strain put upon the parts when one front wheel rides up higher than the otheris avoided. This construction permits the front axle and the fifth-wheel lO to assume considerable inclination,whilc the body and the circle-iron 9 remain level, thus avoiding a twist in the body and undue strain on the parts. The block l5 will have, by preference, an angle-plate 15 under it, and the king-bolt 13 will pass down through and play in a slot therein. The nut on the lower end of the king-bolt is intended mainly to keep the bolt from working upward.
The body 2 as constructed for use in transporting garbage is made water-tight, and the bottom, at the rear end, is inclined upward at 2, so as to forni a shallow liquid-receptacle below the lip 2b, over which the garbage flows in dumping, and the tail-gate 16 is fitted to the rear end of the body in an inclined position, the upper edge being inclined forward. The tail-gate is not hinged to the body, but is held up thereto by screw-clamps 1G, hinged to the body, so that they may be turned or swung aside when not in use and when in use may be brought over the edge of the tail-gate and into operative position. At the time of dumping the tail-gate is lifted off and set aside. Vhen in place, leakage is prevented by its tight fit. There may of course be a packing material at the joint. The forward incline of the tailgate above the lip 2l out of a vertical plane causes the moisture collecting along the upright joints where the gate joins the body to drip and fall away by gravity into the bottom forward of the lip 2b and not to follow down and work through the joint, This is found to be of practical importance in handling garbage, where leakage is to be carefully avoided. Garbage usually contains more or less liquid, which settles to the bottom of the body, and that portion of the bottom of the body below the level of the lip 2b (corresponding to the horizontal dotted line seen in Fig. l) is what is herein referred to as a liquid-receptacle, although the entire body may be practically water-tight.
As the body, with its load, is very nearly balanced, it is necessary or advisable to provide a means for locking the body to its supporting-frame under normal conditions. Any simple device which will prevent the dumping of the body prematurely will serve the purpose. That here shown is best seen in Figs. 2, 2, and 3, and it consists of a shoul der 17 on the side of the body back of the pivot-point and conveniently formed by fixing an angle-iron on one of the stanchions of the body. On the top of a side member of the frame 1 is a locking-bar 18, pivoted at 18n on the frame, so that it may be swung in horizontally under the shoulder 17. The bar 18 when in position under the locking-shoulder may be held in position by a piu 19,which is inserted in a hole in a keeper 19 on the frame and extending over the bar 1S.
Figs. 5 and 6 show a construction where the upright members 5" of the axle are forked. These views also show these members as applied to the outer face of the frame l. By upright member as here employed with respect to the attaching member of the axle-arm is meant a construction where the axle-arm proper projects out free from the lowest part of a member which is upright and applied to thc face of the wagon-frame and in which the frame is wholly inside or between the hind wheels, so that the latter may be slipped on and off the respective fixed arms. It is well understood that cranked axles are not new` and that hind wheels provided with integral journals at both sides have been mounted in journal-bearings on the bottoms of double side frames, the wheels being between the double members of the frame. This construction I do not claim, nor is it adapted for use with ordinary wheels and axles for wagons. The body of my wagon is a single or unitary structure and extends back beyond the axes of the rear wheels.
Having thus described my invention, I claim- 1. A four-wheeled dumping-wagon having its body pivotally mounted at about the middle of its length in a strong frame, and having its hind wheels wholly exterior to said frame and mounted on outwardly-projecting axle-arms, each of which has an upright attaching member secured to the side of said frame, said axlearms being separate, and the dumping-body extending back beyond the axes of the hind wheels, substantially as set forth.
2. A dumpingwagon comprising a strong, rectangular, substantially horizontal frame provided with fixed blocks or bolster-pieces 4, a pair of front wheels and their axle under the front end of said frame, a pair ofhind wheels, mounted on separate axle-arms each arm having an upright attaching member extending up to and secured to the face of said frame above the bolster-piece, and a body pivotally mounted inside of said frame and adapted to dump between the said hind wheels, substantially as set forth.
3. A dumping-wagon comprising a strong rectangular frame, a pair of front wheels and their axle under the front end of said frame, separate axle-arms for the hind wheels, each IOO IIO
arm having an upright member fixed to the inner face of the side member of the frame and the arm on which the wheel turns projeeting outwardly under said side member so that the wheel may be slipped thereon, and the hind wheels, on said arms exterior to the frame, substantially as set forth.
4. The combination in a wagon, of a strong frame 1, a body mounted pivotally in said frame at about the middle of its length, two axle-arms 5, each provided with an integral, upright, laterally-branched, securing member 5, fixed to the inner face of a side mennber of the frame and the arm 5 projecting outwardly from the frame, the rear wheels 6 on said arms exterior to the frame, and the front wheels and their axle, substantially as set forth.
5. A wagon having a bolster on the front axle, a fifth-wheel on said bolster, a block secured to the rear face of said bolster, said block having in it a flared socket to receive the king-bolt, and the said king-bolt, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
6. A Wagon provided with a body which is substantially rectangular in cross-section and has a flat bottom the rear part of which has a slightly-upward slope toward the rear to a discharging-lip 2b, whereby a shallow liquidreceptacle is formed in the body, the rear end of the body, above said lip, being sloped or inclined forward and provided with a tailgate 16, whereby said tail-gate has a moderate inclination forward from a vertical plane, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
7. In a dumping-wagon for garbage, the combination with the frame and runninggears, of a body 2, pivotally mounted on said running-gears and having an upwardly-sloping rear portion 2a at its bottom to form a liquid-receptacle in the body, said body being sloped or inclined forward and upward at its rear end above the discharging-lip 2b, and a tail-gate 16 closing said rear end, substantially as set forth.
8. In a dumping-wagon for garbage, the combination with the frame, the wheels thereunder, and the separate axle-arms for the rear wheels fixed to the sides of the Vframe above the axes of the wheels, of the body 2, pivotally mounted in the frame near its middle and having an upwardly-sloping rear portion 2fL at its bottom, said body being sloped forward and upward at its rear end, and a tail-gate closing said rear end, substantially as set forth.
In witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name, this 3d day of February, 1898, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
VILLIAM OSCAR SI'IADBOLT.
Witnesses:
HENRY CONNETT, PETER A. Ross.
US611082D shadbolt Expired - Lifetime US611082A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US611082A true US611082A (en) 1898-09-20

Family

ID=2679696

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US611082D Expired - Lifetime US611082A (en) shadbolt

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US611082A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE740082C (en) * 1940-09-12 1944-11-22 Ver Oberschlesische Huettenwer Wheel axle carrier for farm wagons
US9227545B1 (en) 2014-06-25 2016-01-05 Axis Corporation Self-propelled dump trailer with separator gate

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE740082C (en) * 1940-09-12 1944-11-22 Ver Oberschlesische Huettenwer Wheel axle carrier for farm wagons
US9227545B1 (en) 2014-06-25 2016-01-05 Axis Corporation Self-propelled dump trailer with separator gate

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US611082A (en) shadbolt
US507122A (en) Dumping-wagon
US545264A (en) Dumping-wagon
CN208498347U (en) A kind of articulated truck container rear baffle and articulated truck
US172454A (en) Improvement in dumping-wagons
US3043628A (en) Semi-trailer frame and chassis
US437885A (en) Dumping-wagon
US2026687A (en) Combined freight and tank vehicle
US601476A (en) Dumping-wagon
US221713A (en) Improvement in hand-trucks
US273202A (en) William wallace
US2160789A (en) Dump body for trucks
US288823A (en) Dumping-wagon
US1742485A (en) Convertible basket truck
US333844A (en) Dumping-wagon
US166101A (en) Improvement in dumping-wagons
US2385196A (en) Pickup truck
US161245A (en) Improvement in wheel vehicles
US498504A (en) Dumping-wagon
US281141A (en) savage
US561398A (en) Dumping-wagon
US114173A (en) Improvement in dumping-wagons
US328504A (en) Dumping-wagon
US1186359A (en) Dump-cart.
US666567A (en) Dumping-box for wagons.