US597197A - Hydrocarbon-burner - Google Patents

Hydrocarbon-burner Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US597197A
US597197A US597197DA US597197A US 597197 A US597197 A US 597197A US 597197D A US597197D A US 597197DA US 597197 A US597197 A US 597197A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
burner
gas
pipe
air
chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US597197A publication Critical patent/US597197A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/36Details, e.g. burner cooling means, noise reduction means
    • F23D11/44Preheating devices; Vaporising devices

Definitions

  • This invention relates to burners for hydrocarbon oils, and has for its object an improved form of burner which is especially applicable for the combustion of the heavier grades of hydrocarbon oils, commercially known as kerosencs or parain-oil.
  • Figure l shows the burner in elevation.
  • Fig. 2 shows a cross-section at the line .r of Fig. l.
  • A indicates a large angular pipe reduced at the inlet end a to the size of the feed-pipe, with which it connects through an interposed valve Y).
  • the pipe A bends sharplytwice at right angles from the horizontal inlet C, extending with a vertical upturn o, and then continuing with a horizontal branch I), at the extremity of which, surrounding it, is a chamber or hollow ball E, preferably cast integral with the part A.
  • a chamber or hollow ball E At the upper extremity of the hollow ball E is an air-inlet pipe e, leading to some distance from the burner and open at the end for the free inlet of air.
  • the horizontal part D of the main pipe crosses centrally through the ball or chamber E and is provided at its lower side with a gas-exit orifice F, opening downward, and at the under side of the hollow ball or chamber E is an opening f, through which escapes downward the gas issuing from the orifice F, mingled with air that comes throughthe pipe e through the chamber E and mingles with the gas or vapor issuing from the orifice F between that oriiice and .the opening f.
  • mingled gas and air are iired at their point of exit through the opening f and burned downward against a metal plate G, which deflects the flame somewhat, directing it especially against the pipe A, which becomes heated and forms the generating-chamber, the part c being especially utilized for generating and superheating the oil and vapor of oil, as shown in the drawings; also, the iiame issuing from the oriiicef is directed against the air-inlet pipe and heats the same, thereby furnishing heated air to unite with the heated gas.
  • the two heated components of the ⁇ flame produce a very intense flame and perfect combustion.
  • the gas-generator is constructed to secure economy with full efliciency.
  • the increasing surface permits the freest development of vapors under proper tension in the upper part or reservoir D, while the bend and the upright portion c present the oil to the heating eifect of the flame.
  • the relations of the generator and the other parts are the simplest possible and secure in a compact space an economical application of the flame to insure the uniform supply of air and oil vapors and to secure perfect combustion.
  • That I claim is- A gas-generating burner containing a gasgenerator increasing the internal area from its inlet to its outlet and comprising a rising portion and a lateral portion having a downward gas-outlet, a chamber through which the lateral portion of the gas-generator crosses, having a downward outlet registering with the outlet of the generator, a pipe rising alongside of and communicating with the chamber above the lateral portion of the gas-generator and a plate beneath the burner for deflecting the flame against the air-pipe and the gasgenerator, as and for the purposes described.

Description

(No Model.)
G. E. HAGGERTY. HYDROOARBON BURNER. No. 597,197. Patented Jan. 11,1898.
Y vwaimf;
UNITED STATES PATENr EErcE.
GEORGE E. IIAGGERTY, OF SPRINGNELLS, MICHIGAN.
HYDROGARBON-BU RN ER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 597,197, dated January 11 1898. Application filed April 20, 1,895. Serial ll'o. 546,476. (No modeh) To all wiz/0m] t may concern.-
Be it known that I, GEORGE E. HAGGERTY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Springwells, county of lVayne, State of Michigan, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in I'Iydrocarbon-Burners; and I declare the following to he a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use the same, reference beihghad to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to burners for hydrocarbon oils, and has for its object an improved form of burner which is especially applicable for the combustion of the heavier grades of hydrocarbon oils, commercially known as kerosencs or parain-oil.
In the drawings, Figure l shows the burner in elevation. Fig. 2 shows a cross-section at the line .r of Fig. l.
A indicates a large angular pipe reduced at the inlet end a to the size of the feed-pipe, with which it connects through an interposed valve Y). l
B indicates the feed-pipe, connecting with any convenientsource of supply of the hydro'- carbon oils. The pipe A bends sharplytwice at right angles from the horizontal inlet C, extending with a vertical upturn o, and then continuing with a horizontal branch I), at the extremity of which, surrounding it, is a chamber or hollow ball E, preferably cast integral with the part A. At the upper extremity of the hollow ball E is an air-inlet pipe e, leading to some distance from the burner and open at the end for the free inlet of air. The horizontal part D of the main pipe crosses centrally through the ball or chamber E and is provided at its lower side with a gas-exit orifice F, opening downward, and at the under side of the hollow ball or chamber E is an opening f, through which escapes downward the gas issuing from the orifice F, mingled with air that comes throughthe pipe e through the chamber E and mingles with the gas or vapor issuing from the orifice F between that oriiice and .the opening f. The
mingled gas and air are iired at their point of exit through the opening f and burned downward against a metal plate G, which deflects the flame somewhat, directing it especially against the pipe A, which becomes heated and forms the generating-chamber, the part c being especially utilized for generating and superheating the oil and vapor of oil, as shown in the drawings; also, the iiame issuing from the oriiicef is directed against the air-inlet pipe and heats the same, thereby furnishing heated air to unite with the heated gas. The two heated components of the `flame produce a very intense flame and perfect combustion.
The gas-generator is constructed to secure economy with full efliciency. The increasing surface permits the freest development of vapors under proper tension in the upper part or reservoir D, while the bend and the upright portion c present the oil to the heating eifect of the flame. The relations of the generator and the other parts are the simplest possible and secure in a compact space an economical application of the flame to insure the uniform supply of air and oil vapors and to secure perfect combustion.
The construction and arrangement of the elements `are altogether exceedingly effective in heating the air and gas and mixing them and in delivering the mixture.
That I claim is- A gas-generating burner containing a gasgenerator increasing the internal area from its inlet to its outlet and comprising a rising portion and a lateral portion having a downward gas-outlet, a chamber through which the lateral portion of the gas-generator crosses, having a downward outlet registering with the outlet of the generator, a pipe rising alongside of and communicating with the chamber above the lateral portion of the gas-generator and a plate beneath the burner for deflecting the flame against the air-pipe and the gasgenerator, as and for the purposes described.
In testimony whereof I sign this specification in the presence of two Witnesses.
GEORGE E. HAGGERTY.
lVitnesses:
J. M. CLOUGH, F. CLOUGH.
US597197D Hydrocarbon-burner Expired - Lifetime US597197A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US597197A true US597197A (en) 1898-01-11

Family

ID=2665843

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US597197D Expired - Lifetime US597197A (en) Hydrocarbon-burner

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US597197A (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US597197A (en) Hydrocarbon-burner
US227695A (en) Vapor-burner
US689814A (en) Burner.
US1073326A (en) Burner for petroleum and other hydrocarbons.
US690071A (en) Liquid-fuel-heater burner.
US746409A (en) Oxyhydrocarbon-burner.
US517247A (en) Hydrocarbon-burner
US762183A (en) Hydrocarbon-gas generator and burner.
US431237A (en) Apparatus for burning hydrocarbon oil as fuel
US387929A (en) Territory
US171891A (en) Improvement in vapor-burners
US396049A (en) Oil-burner
US750764A (en) Carbureter
US659668A (en) Hydrocarbon-burner.
US413169A (en) Hydrocarbon generator and burner
US125497A (en) Improvement in processes of burning asphaltum
US589446A (en) Hydrocarbon incandescent burner
US623386A (en) Burner
US669987A (en) Apparatus for the production of vapor from oils.
US762047A (en) Hydrocarbon-furnace.
US1005965A (en) Vapor-burner.
US761098A (en) Hydrocarbon-burner.
US377146A (en) Mings
US888707A (en) Incandescent vapor-burner.
US547365A (en) Theodore vos burgh