US596588A - Bottle and closure - Google Patents

Bottle and closure Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US596588A
US596588A US596588DA US596588A US 596588 A US596588 A US 596588A US 596588D A US596588D A US 596588DA US 596588 A US596588 A US 596588A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
bottle
core
neck
cap
strap
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US596588A publication Critical patent/US596588A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D1/00Containers having bodies formed in one piece, e.g. by casting metallic material, by moulding plastics, by blowing vitreous material, by throwing ceramic material, by moulding pulped fibrous material, by deep-drawing operations performed on sheet material
    • B65D1/02Bottles or similar containers with necks or like restricted apertures, designed for pouring contents
    • B65D1/0223Bottles or similar containers with necks or like restricted apertures, designed for pouring contents characterised by shape
    • B65D1/023Neck construction
    • B65D1/0238Integral frangible closures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S215/00Bottles and jars
    • Y10S215/901Tamper-resistant structure

Definitions

  • This invention relates to closures for vessels, and is adapted for use in bottles for liquids or solids and packing-boxes of varying kinds-such as coffee, tea, or spice receptacles-where the identity of the contained goods is to be preserved against fraudulent sale or imitation and insuring to the consumer the proper grade and brand sought, it being well known that where boxes and cans are readily opened and closed inferior goods are substituted with a loss to the consumer as well as the packer.
  • the object of this invention is to provide means which may be applied to bottles and receptacles, whereby access to the interior for the purpose of removing the contents is effectu ally prevented except upon the fracture of the mouth or the neck, in which event the consumer will at once know whether the package has been opened.
  • a further object of the invention is to provide novel means for fracturing the neck and removing the cap, and, furthermore, in providing an opening from which the contents may be drawn, said. opening being also provided with a stopper that the contents may be protected.
  • Fig. 3 is a view in elevation of the supplemental top and cap.
  • Fig. 4 is a detail View
  • Fig. 5 is a view of the Wrench.
  • 1 denotes the bottle-neck, provided with an annular groove 2 toward the bottom, and 3 is an annular channel near the top thereof.
  • a core 4 preferably formed of metal and provided with a coating of enamel, said core being provided with a flange 6, fitting in the groove 2, and a flange 7, embedded in the upper groove.
  • flange 7 I provide a metallic strap 7 having one end embedded in the core, said strap lying between the core and the bottleneck when in position, with the free end of said strap protruding through a slot in the bottle-neck, the purpose of the strap being to break the material at the reduced portion formed by the upper annular groove, and in order to accomplish the result I employ a lever 8, having a slotted portion to receive the end of the strap, and a bar crossing the slotted portiomwhereby the same is manipulated.
  • the upper end of the core is reduced in diameter and is designed to receive a supplemental top 10, having screwthreads for attaching the cap, a groove 11 at the bottom, and a head 11, the latter lying in the channel 3., and the bead 12 at the t op of the neck fitting in the groove of the supplemental top.
  • the core and supplemental top having the strap attached-are arranged in the mold when the receptacle is being cast, and the material flowing in will embrace thecore and supplemental top, as shown.
  • Spring-tongues 12 are secured on the threaded portion of the supplemental top and engage in a notch 13 of the cap, whereby the said cap is held against retrograde movement when once closed.
  • the diameter of the interior of the cap 15 is reduced near the top, forming a shoulder 14, resting on the end of the bottle-neck, whilethe wall 16 of the large mouth or opening of the cap embraces the said neck in a manner to prevent tampering with the interior of the receptacle, as any effort to gain access to the interior will result in damaging the package.
  • a core formed in the neck thereof a strap lying between the core and the bottle, having one end embedded in the core and the other end pro-v jecting through a slot in the neck, a supplemental top secured over the upper end of the core, substantially as described.
  • a core formed therein, a strap lying between the core and the bottle having one end embedded in the core and the other projecting through a slot in the bottle, a supplemental top secured on the upper end of the core, said supplemental top having a bead formed around the lower edge thereof lying in an annular groove formed in the neck of the bottle, and a cap threaded on the supplemental top, spring-tongues secured to the supplemental top and engaging the cap, as and for the purpose described.

Description

(No Model.)
H. P. P. GROW.
BOTTLE AND CLOSURE.
No. 596,588. Patented Jan. 4,1898.
UNITED I STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HARVEY'P. P. GROW, OF FREDERICK, MARYLAND.
BOTTLE AND CLOSURE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 596,588, dated January 4, 1898. Application filed September 7, 1897. Serial No- 650,817. (N0 model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, HARVEY P. P. GROW, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Frederick, in the county of Frederick and State of Maryland, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottles and Closures, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to closures for vessels, and is adapted for use in bottles for liquids or solids and packing-boxes of varying kinds-such as coffee, tea, or spice receptacles-where the identity of the contained goods is to be preserved against fraudulent sale or imitation and insuring to the consumer the proper grade and brand sought, it being well known that where boxes and cans are readily opened and closed inferior goods are substituted with a loss to the consumer as well as the packer.
The object of this invention is to provide means which may be applied to bottles and receptacles, whereby access to the interior for the purpose of removing the contents is effectu ally prevented except upon the fracture of the mouth or the neck, in which event the consumer will at once know whether the package has been opened.
A further object of the invention is to provide novel means for fracturing the neck and removing the cap, and, furthermore, in providing an opening from which the contents may be drawn, said. opening being also provided with a stopper that the contents may be protected.
WVith the above and other objectsin view the invention consists in the novel details of construction and in the arrangement and combination of parts to be hereinafter more fully described and specifically claimed,
whereby an efficient and satisfactory closure is produced at comparatively small cost.
In describing the invention in detail reference will be had to the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification, wherein like characters of reference denote correspondin g parts in the several views,in which-- Figure 1 is a viewin elevation of a portion of a bottleneck with my invention applied. Fig. 2 is a sectional View taken centrally of the bottle-neck with the parts assembled.
of the core and neck-lining.
Fig. 3 is a view in elevation of the supplemental top and cap. Fig. 4 is a detail View Fig. 5 is a view of the Wrench.
In the drawings, 1 denotes the bottle-neck, provided with an annular groove 2 toward the bottom, and 3 is an annular channel near the top thereof. Arranged within the neck is a core 4., preferably formed of metal and provided with a coating of enamel, said core being provided with a flange 6, fitting in the groove 2, and a flange 7, embedded in the upper groove. Above the flange 7 I provide a metallic strap 7 having one end embedded in the core, said strap lying between the core and the bottleneck when in position, with the free end of said strap protruding through a slot in the bottle-neck, the purpose of the strap being to break the material at the reduced portion formed by the upper annular groove, and in order to accomplish the result I employ a lever 8, having a slotted portion to receive the end of the strap, and a bar crossing the slotted portiomwhereby the same is manipulated. The upper end of the core is reduced in diameter and is designed to receive a supplemental top 10, having screwthreads for attaching the cap, a groove 11 at the bottom, and a head 11, the latter lying in the channel 3., and the bead 12 at the t op of the neck fitting in the groove of the supplemental top.
The elements so far described-win, the core and supplemental top having the strap attached-are arranged in the mold when the receptacle is being cast, and the material flowing in will embrace thecore and supplemental top, as shown. Spring-tongues 12 are secured on the threaded portion of the supplemental top and engage in a notch 13 of the cap, whereby the said cap is held against retrograde movement when once closed.
The diameter of the interior of the cap 15 is reduced near the top, forming a shoulder 14, resting on the end of the bottle-neck, whilethe wall 16 of the large mouth or opening of the cap embraces the said neck in a manner to prevent tampering with the interior of the receptacle, as any effort to gain access to the interior will result in damaging the package. 1
The construction, operation, and advan tages will, it is thought, be understood from the foregoing description, and it will be noted that changes in the proportions and other details of construction may be resortedto without departing from the spirit of the invention, it being understood that the invention as described may be employed with advantage on closures or vessels for use in packing and merchandising medicines, wines, pickles, preserves, coffee, tea, &c.
Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new and useful is- 1. In combination with the neck of a bottle a core molded therein, and a metallic strap having one end embedded in the core, surrounding'the core and the other end projecting through a slot in the neck of the bottle, as and for the purpose described.
2. In combination with a bottle, a core formed in the neck thereof a strap lying between the core and the bottle, having one end embedded in the core and the other end pro-v jecting through a slot in the neck, a supplemental top secured over the upper end of the core, substantially as described.
3. In combination with the neck of a bottle, a core formed therein, a strap lying between the core and the bottle having one end embedded in the core and the other projecting through a slot in the bottle, a supplemental top secured on the upper end of the core, said supplemental top having a bead formed around the lower edge thereof lying in an annular groove formed in the neck of the bottle, and a cap threaded on the supplemental top, spring-tongues secured to the supplemental top and engaging the cap, as and for the purpose described.
In testimony whereof I affiX my signature in presence of two witnesses.
HARVEY P. P. GROW. WVitnesses:
OLIVER F. YOUNG, JOHN J. MURRAY.
US596588D Bottle and closure Expired - Lifetime US596588A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US596588A true US596588A (en) 1898-01-04

Family

ID=2665234

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US596588D Expired - Lifetime US596588A (en) Bottle and closure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US596588A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014149790A3 (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-11-27 Owens-Brockway Glass Container Inc. Container having a tamper-indicating component

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014149790A3 (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-11-27 Owens-Brockway Glass Container Inc. Container having a tamper-indicating component
US9193494B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-11-24 Owens-Brockway Glass Container Inc. Container having a tamper-indicating component
US10086971B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-10-02 Owens-Brockway Glass Container Inc. Container having a tamper-indicating component

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US596588A (en) Bottle and closure
US1156915A (en) Non-removable bottle-stopper.
US621161A (en) Bottle
US799821A (en) Friction-top can.
US827106A (en) Bottle-seal.
US487366A (en) Means for sealing jars or similar vessels
US573760A (en) Bottle
US579619A (en) Stopper for bottles
US758869A (en) Bottle for the storage and transportation of liquids.
US513674A (en) Bottle-stopper
US782780A (en) Bottle-stopper.
US730561A (en) Bottle-cap.
US544324A (en) Samuel c
US898575A (en) Bottle.
US582976A (en) Carrie
US759830A (en) Fruit-jar.
US862537A (en) Non-refillable bottle.
US593129A (en) Non-refillable bottle
US1162615A (en) Non-refillable bottle.
US136095A (en) Improvement in bottle-stoppers
US471746A (en) Island
US678704A (en) Non-resealable bottle.
US767947A (en) Bottle-stopper.
US312096A (en) George d
US755573A (en) Bottle-seal.