US573760A - Bottle - Google Patents

Bottle Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US573760A
US573760A US573760DA US573760A US 573760 A US573760 A US 573760A US 573760D A US573760D A US 573760DA US 573760 A US573760 A US 573760A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
neck
bottle
cap
cork
groove
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US573760A publication Critical patent/US573760A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S215/00Bottles and jars
    • Y10S215/901Tamper-resistant structure

Description

(No Model.)
P. H. BULTMAN. BorTLB.
Patented Deo. 22 1896.
Iv ENTER.
ATTEET.
av/)fw: cams mans co. Pnnmurno.. WASHINGTON, u. r: v
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FREDERICK II. BULTMAN, OF CLEVELAND, OI'IIO.
BOTTLE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 573,760, dated December 22, 1896.
Application filed February 6, 1896. Serial No. 578,253. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom, t may concern:
Be it known` that I, FREDERICK II. BULT- MAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cleveland,in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottles; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same. Hy invention relates to improvements in bottles constructed to prevent fraudulent refilling; and the invention consists in a bottle having a breakable neck and a rigid sealingcap, constructed, combined, and arranged substantially as shown and described, and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure lis a vertical central sectional elevation of abottle containing my invention and showing the parts in sealed condition as appears when the bottle is filled and ready for the market. Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional elevation of the neck of the bottle alone and of the cap adapted to fit over the same, but separate therefrom, and shown as it appears before it is applied to the, bottle. Fig. 3 is a sectional detail of the cap alone, crimped or contracted about its vlower portion, as occurs when it is fitted to the neck of the bottle, as hereinafter described. Fig. 4 is a plan view of the cap on which is a fanciful trade-name, but intended to always bear the trade-name of the contents ofthe bottle, whatever it may be.
A represents the bot-tlc, which may be of any desired pattern or kind, and B is the neck thereof. The neck in all cases should be made heavy or strong enough to withstand a forcible introduction of the cork by the quick action of machinery, thereby preventing possible injury to the neck at the point of its annular reduction 2. This reduction is made, as here shown, by two opposite annular grooves, channels, or depressions some distance below the mouth of the neck and of course below the upper end of the cork O, the relations being, say, substantially as shown in the drawings or thereabout, the exact relation not being material, provided that the cap come down well over the cork, whereby when the cap and the inclosed portion of the neck are detached the cork will be exposed.
such strength or durability as to withstand ordinary wear and tear in shipping and handling and yet be small or fragile enough to be easily severed when opening is required. I make the reduction by means of both inner and outer grooves or channels opposite one another, so
as to leave an inner rounded surface for the mouth of the bottle after the severing has been effected, thereby leaving the mouth in point of construction and convenience for inserting the cork very much like the ordinary bottle of commerce. This makes the bottle convenient for corking'by the person who has purchased the package in its original sealed condition, and fraud is prevented, because when the seal has been broken and is missing the purchaser knows at once that the bottle is not in its original condition. Furthermore, the trade-name or brand also is gone, because this name is on the cap and the cap is made to apply said name thereto.
Now in order to make a perfect seal and one which cannot be broken without also breaking the bottle I use a glass or equivalent style of cap D. This cap is adapted to fit snugly over the plain cylindrical neck B, there being no bead or flange about the mouth of the bottle, as usually occurs, and the neck being made strong enough to withstand the cork without other reinforcement. Glass is altogether preferable for this cap, but any other material that can be used in the same way may be substituted. As here shown, Fig. 2, the cork C having been inserted, the cap is placed in position over the neck and cork, and the cap is then heated round about outside the annular groove in the neck within until it can be molded or depressed to conform to said groove, as seen in Figs. l and 3, and this being done the sealing has been effected and the bottle is ready for the market.
If found practicable or desirable, the cap may be first heated to a moldable condition and then placed on the neck and shaped there- IOO to while it remains heated, and thereby lock it in position. Y
Hereinbefore I have referred to frangible material, like glass, as best adapted to serve all the purposes of the cap of the bottle, and this is correct; but I may also use a metallic or like cap which has its edge engaged in or upon the annular channel shown in Figs. l and 2, or over the annular bead, as shown in Fig. 5. Thus in Fig. 5 I show a modification of the invention in which the reducing-channel is on the inside of the neck and an annular rib or bead 4 is formed on the neck E. This bead has the breaking-point about its bottom at 5, where the glass is lightest, and a metallic or equivalent cap G is engaged over said bead at its bottom. This cap is formed originally as seen in Fig. 6, and after being slipped over the mouth of the bottle is bent inward about its lower edge in engagement with the said bead., as shown. A glass or other cap would be made the same way if to be used with a bead. In any case the material used for the cap must be so rigid and iirni that it cannot be removed from the neck of the bottle and the bottle be opened without breakin g off the top of the neck engaged bysaid cap.
IVhat I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
l. The bottle having a neck with a shouldered breaking-groove about the same and a smooth even exterior above said groove, in combination with a rigid cap directly in contact with the surface of said neck above said groove and bent inward at its lower portion to en gage over the shoulder of the said groove,
whereby the bottle is so closed that it cannot be opened without breaking the neck, substantially as described.
2. A bottle provided with a single annular shoulder about its neck and a reduced portion coincident with said shoulder on which the neck is broken o to open the bottle, the exterior of the neck being plain and smooth above said should er,in combination with a cap of rigid material pressed into immediate contact with the surface of said neck above and about said shoulderand having its lower edge bent inward to lock on said shoulder, substantially as described.
3. The bottle, substantially as described, having a neck with an annular shouldered groove forming a breaking-line when the bottle is opened and said neck having a plain interior and exterior surface above said groove, in combination with a cap of rigid material fitting closely upon the top edge and sides of said neck above the said breaking-line and having its lower edge bent inward and engaged beneath the shoulder of said groove, the' said cap being such that the bottle cannot be opened without breaking the neck, and a cork in said neck extending above said breaking-line and bearing directly against said cap, substantially as described.
Witness my hand to the foregoing specification on this lst day of February, 1896.
FREDERICK H. BULTMAN.
\Vitnesses:
II. T. FISHER, H. E. MUDRA.
US573760D Bottle Expired - Lifetime US573760A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US573760A true US573760A (en) 1896-12-22

Family

ID=2642456

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US573760D Expired - Lifetime US573760A (en) Bottle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US573760A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2462988A (en) * 1943-05-22 1949-03-01 Hartford Empire Co Method of making all-glass sealed packages
US6820821B2 (en) 2001-04-13 2004-11-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Automated cleansing sprayer

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2462988A (en) * 1943-05-22 1949-03-01 Hartford Empire Co Method of making all-glass sealed packages
US6820821B2 (en) 2001-04-13 2004-11-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Automated cleansing sprayer

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US573760A (en) Bottle
US807381A (en) Means for securing stoppers for vessels in their caps.
US961224A (en) Bottle-opener.
US759496A (en) Bottle-closure.
US1156915A (en) Non-removable bottle-stopper.
US621161A (en) Bottle
US579619A (en) Stopper for bottles
US785656A (en) Bottle.
US749117A (en) John wagner
US451137A (en) Cap for bottle-stoppers
US577790A (en) Non-refilling bottle
US487366A (en) Means for sealing jars or similar vessels
US471746A (en) Island
US1162615A (en) Non-refillable bottle.
US1131304A (en) Bottle and closure therefor.
US802200A (en) Bottle-closure.
US603559A (en) Safety-seal for bottles
US587199A (en) Frank s
US566152A (en) Bottle-stopper
US1260629A (en) Bottle-stopper.
US527161A (en) schoenmehl
US596746A (en) Third to john perrott
US588499A (en) Bottle and stopper therefor
US741844A (en) Bottle or jar sealing device.
US576913A (en) Non-refillable bottle