US574353A - Piston-rod packing - Google Patents

Piston-rod packing Download PDF

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US574353A
US574353A US574353DA US574353A US 574353 A US574353 A US 574353A US 574353D A US574353D A US 574353DA US 574353 A US574353 A US 574353A
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packing
rod
steam
piston
space
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16JPISTONS; CYLINDERS; SEALINGS
    • F16J15/00Sealings
    • F16J15/16Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces
    • F16J15/18Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces with stuffing-boxes for elastic or plastic packings
    • F16J15/182Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces with stuffing-boxes for elastic or plastic packings with lubricating, cooling or draining means
    • F16J15/183Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces with stuffing-boxes for elastic or plastic packings with lubricating, cooling or draining means using a lantern ring

Description

(No Model.)
0. J. GARLOOK. PISTON ROD PACKING.
No. 574,353. Patented Dec. 29, 1896.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
OLIN J. GARLOOK, OF ROCHESTER, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO THE GAR- LOCK PACKING COMPANY,
OF PALMYRA, NEW YORK.
PISTON-ROD PACKING.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 574,353, dated December 29, 1896.
Application filed August 31, 1896.
To all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, OLIN J. GARLOCK, of Rochester, in the county of Monroe and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Piston-Rod Packing, which improvement is fully set forth in the following specification and shown in the accompanying drawings.
My present invention relates to means or devices for packing piston-rods, more particularly those of steam-cylinders, the invention being hereinafter fully described, and more particularly pointed out in the claim.
Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 shows a portion of the head of a steam-cylinder, with the stuffing-box and associated parts, in longigitudinal section. Fig. 2 is an end view seen as indicated by arrow in Fig. 1, the pistonrod being transversely sectioned as on the dotted line 2 2 at the point of the arrow. Figs. 3 and 4 are face views of the plates or followers for the packing. Fig. 5 shows a simple modification of the form of the outer faces of the plates.
Referring to the drawings, A is the central part of the head of a steam-cylinder, G being the stuffing-box and D the piston-rod. The stuffing-box is of ordinary construction, and to it I add a longitudinal extension F for the purpose of holding additional packing for the rod. The extension F is secured to the stuffing-box by means of ordinary stud-bolts a, and is preferably about the same length as the stuffing-box, having internal and external diameters the same as the corresponding diameters of the stuffing-box. A packing-ring t may be placed between the parts F and G, as shown, or those parts may be, if desired, ground together to form a steam-tight joint between them. The inner end 19 of the part F is made inclined or conical to correspond with the form of the siirface r of the bottom of the stuffing-box, the latter and the part F being filled with strips or rings of packing material for the rod. Thus constructed the inclosure around the rod in which to receive the packing material is continuous between the conical ends 19 and r.
At the junction of the parts F and G are inserted two annular plates '5 and h, Figs. 1, 3, and 4, to divide the masses of packing in the Serial No. 604,446. (No an stuffing-box and the extension F,respectively. These plates are formed with separators, which insure at all times a space Z between them. The separators shown consist of concentric rings 0, projecting from the face of one plate, and a concentric ring at, projecting from the face of the other plate, the ring at occupying the space between the rings 0, as shown. A steam-pipe 9, leading from the live-steam space between the throttle-valve and the cylinder of the engine, is made to communicate with the space Z. Now the pressure of the steam introduced into the space l will tend to force the plates in opposite directions against the two masses of packing and thus pack the piston-rod against the leak age of steam from the cylinder.
The form of the outer faces of the plates h t' in contact with the packing material on either side is not essential. These faces may be plain, as shown in Fig. 1, or conical, as shown in Fig. 5, the latter form, however, being preferred. Vhen formed conical, there are practically two stuffing-boxes for the rod, both ends of each being conical. That is to say, there are four inclined end surfaces of the space for holding the packing material, tending to deflect the latter, when under pressure, against the rod.
In using this invention steam under pressure is admitted into the space Z for a minute or two upon starting the engine, when it is shut off from said space by a simple valve of common construction (not shown) forcontrolling the passage through the pipe g. This brief pressure of steam sets the plates firmly against the two masses of packing, and, as the space Z is practically steam-tight, the pressure continues for a long time after the passage in the pipe is closed. Thus the packing is held continuously against the rod during an indefinite period. When a leak of steam around the rod is again observed, the pressure of steam is again turned into the space Zfor a minute or two and again shut off, as before. Thus only during brief periods,sepa rated by days or weeks, is it necessary to have communication with the space Z open through the pipe g. When the engine is stopped, as for the night, and becomes cold, the steam in \the space I condenses; but when the engine is started again the heat from within the cylinder and from the rod reheats the whole body of packing material, including the plates, which reconverts into steam the water in the space Z, and a pressure is again exerted upon the plates sufficient to pack the rod.
The part F, being secured to the stuffingbox by ordinary stud-bolts a, is removable therefrom.
Vhat I claim as my invention is- In a piston-rod packing, the combination, with a stuffing-box, of an extension of substantially the same interior diameter secured to the outer end thereof and each having its bottom conically inclined, two annular plates within the same, the inner face of one of the OLIN J. GARLOCK. \Vitnesscs:
Enos B. WHITMORE, M. L. WINSTON.
US574353D Piston-rod packing Expired - Lifetime US574353A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2422502A (en) * 1943-09-15 1947-06-17 Standard Oil Dev Co Expansion joint
US2505968A (en) * 1947-05-06 1950-05-02 Duriron Co Shaft seal and method of effecting the seal
US2731282A (en) * 1953-02-04 1956-01-17 Walworth Co Shaft seal
US2831325A (en) * 1955-04-28 1958-04-22 Herrick L Johnston Inc Pump for liquefied gases
US2970750A (en) * 1956-02-06 1961-02-07 Judson S Swearingen Centrifugal gas compression
US2976065A (en) * 1956-07-03 1961-03-21 Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc Gas pressurized fluid seal
US3434728A (en) * 1966-09-26 1969-03-25 Paul C Soldato Means of automatically adjusting hydraulic pneumatic packings
US4177998A (en) * 1978-08-25 1979-12-11 Acf Industries, Incorporated Packing gland assembly
US4991495A (en) * 1988-10-11 1991-02-12 Loegel Sr Charles Pump-actuating mechanism
US20160109035A1 (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-04-21 Fisher Controls International Llc Gas pressurized packing system for control valves

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2422502A (en) * 1943-09-15 1947-06-17 Standard Oil Dev Co Expansion joint
US2505968A (en) * 1947-05-06 1950-05-02 Duriron Co Shaft seal and method of effecting the seal
US2731282A (en) * 1953-02-04 1956-01-17 Walworth Co Shaft seal
US2831325A (en) * 1955-04-28 1958-04-22 Herrick L Johnston Inc Pump for liquefied gases
US2970750A (en) * 1956-02-06 1961-02-07 Judson S Swearingen Centrifugal gas compression
US2976065A (en) * 1956-07-03 1961-03-21 Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc Gas pressurized fluid seal
US3434728A (en) * 1966-09-26 1969-03-25 Paul C Soldato Means of automatically adjusting hydraulic pneumatic packings
US4177998A (en) * 1978-08-25 1979-12-11 Acf Industries, Incorporated Packing gland assembly
US4991495A (en) * 1988-10-11 1991-02-12 Loegel Sr Charles Pump-actuating mechanism
US20160109035A1 (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-04-21 Fisher Controls International Llc Gas pressurized packing system for control valves
US9528631B2 (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-12-27 Fisher Controls International Llc Gas pressurized packing system for control valves

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