US236117A - Metallic packing - Google Patents

Metallic packing Download PDF

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US236117A
US236117A US236117DA US236117A US 236117 A US236117 A US 236117A US 236117D A US236117D A US 236117DA US 236117 A US236117 A US 236117A
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rod
plates
box
ring
diaphragm
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16JPISTONS; CYLINDERS; SEALINGS
    • F16J15/00Sealings
    • F16J15/16Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces
    • F16J15/26Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces with stuffing-boxes for rigid sealing rings
    • F16J15/28Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces with stuffing-boxes for rigid sealing rings with sealing rings made of metal

Description

(No'ModeL) T. TRIP-P.
Metallic Packing,
No. 236,117. Patented Dec. 28,1880.
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aeolian Uu'ougfi plane mq nesses.
Tfiomas Bipp.
llrvrrsn STATES Parana? @rrrca THOMAS TRIPP, OF EAST STOUGHTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
METALLIC PACKING.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 236,117, dated December 28, 1880,
Application filed November 10, 1880.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that l, THOMAS TRIPP, a citizen ot' the United States, residing at East Stoughton, in the county of Norfolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Metallic Packings; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear. and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters or figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to a class offluid-tight metallic packings for piston and other rods in which is employed a flexible or expansible ring encircling the rod with a fluid-tight joint, and composed of a series of parallel segmental metallic plates arranged longitudinally upon the rod, the series of plates being confined together and crowded up to the periphery of the rod by encircling springs, and the whole inclosed within a suitable box secured to the outside ofthe valve-chestor steamcylinder.
My invention consists, first, in a packingring composed of a series of four plates, each of whichhas parallel longitudinal faces, with the inner face in cross-section made up in part of a segment of a circular bore, which embraces one-fourth the periphery of the rod, and in part of a straight flat portion depart ing at a tangent from said segmental portion, the opposite inner side of the plate being also fiatand arranged at-right angles to the straight flat face, and terminating at the circumference of the rod, the whole being so arranged that the tlat face of one plate overlaps the contiguous side of the next adjacent plate with a tiredtight joint, while the combined segmental faces of the four plates constitute a circular bore to inclose the rod.
My invention consists, secondly, in means for preventing entrance of fluid to the box or case containing the packing from the cylinder or valve-chest of the engine about the rod; and to this end I employ an elastic or yielding annular diaphragm disposed between the inner end of the packing-ring and the bottom of the box orcase containing said ring, and loosely (No model.)
encompassing the rod to permit of lateral play of the latter, the diaphragm being confined at its circumference to the case, so as to be immovable with respect to the rod and packingrings, and being pressed up to the end of the ring by springs, an intermediate flat ring being employed between the diaphragm and rings, which tightly incloses the rod, and together with the packingrings follows any irregular lateral movements of each rod, the whole being as hereinafter explained.
The drawings accompanying this specification represent, in Figure 1, a cross-section, and in Figs.2 and 3 longitudinal sections, ofa packing embodying my invention, while Fig. 4 is a perspective of one of the segmental plates.
In these drawings, A represents a cylindrical rod, which may be the piston or valve rod of a steam-cylinder or valve-chest of a steamengine, such rod passing through a circular box or case, B, usually denominated a stuffing-box, and which is secured to the head of the cylinder or valve-chest, this box, in the presentinstance, being a cup, to, with its outer end closed, except for a circular passage, 1), which loosely receives the piston-rod A and permits of slight lateral play of the latter, the inner edge or margin of the mouth of the cup (1/ abutting against the outer edge of a flat annulus, O, which loosely encompasses the rod, the annulus G, in turn, being inclosed between the cup and the flange D of the head of the cylinder or valve-chest, and the whole being confined securely together by bolts, which pass through the wall of the cup and screwinto the flange.
In carrying out the first portion of my invention I provide four metallic plates, E E E E, of equal size and shape, each of which has square ends and parallel sides, and which together encircle the rod, as shown in Fig. 1 of' the drawings. The inner sideofeach plate E- that is, the side next the rod-is, for a portion of its surface, a segment of a circular bore, as
shown at. c, this segment being ninety degrees of a circle, and inclosing one-fourth the periphcry of the rod. The remainder of the inner and is at right angles to the flat face (I; hence, when in place upon the rod, departs from the latter at a tangent, as is the case with the face cl. The outer face or periphery, f, of each plate E is eccentric with the axis of the rod, its highest point (which is pressed upon by the encircling spring) being the corner 9 at its junction with the side 6, in order that the pressure of the spring may crowd the plate up to the rod in such a direction as shall effect an equal wear upon all the plates, this direction being shown by the line a b in Fig. 1 of the drawin When the four plates are placed about the rod the flat face (I of each plate abuts against the contiguous flat side 6 of the next adjacent plate with a fluid-tight joint, while the combined inner concave faces of the four plates constitute a circular bore to closely inclose the rod, thus not efl'ectually preventing escape of steam between the plates themselves, but between the plates and the rod. The outer ends of the conjoint plates E are covered by a conical ring, F, which closely encircles the rod A, and the inner side of which is flat, the outer and tapering periphery of such ring serving as a seat to a second ring, G, loosely encompassing the rod. and whose bore is tapcring or flaring and convex in cross-section, this last ring being adapted to rock upon the ring F during any irregular lateral movement of the rod, and prevent escape of steam from the box about the opening bin its head. A circular band-spring, H, encircles the series of plates E, and crowds them up and confines them about the periphery of the rod, as shown in Fig. 1.
In carrying out the second feature of my invention I employ a thin flexible or semi-flexible annular diaphragm, I. the bore of which is somewhat larger than the diameter of the rod A, which it incloses, in order to permit of lateral play of such rod within it, and I confine the edges of this diaphragm between the cup or box a and the annulus (J, before named, a shallow recess, It, being formed in the outer end of suchannulus, as shown in Fig. 2, inside of the diaphragm, to receive a flat ring, J, whose circumference is smaller than the diameter of the recess, in order that it (the ring) may be permitted a slight lateral play by and with the rod and between the diaphragm and annulus. The ring J abuts against the inner face of the diaphragm, and the diaphragm upon its opposite side abuts against the inner conjoint ends of the plates E, while, bearing upon the inner side of the said ring J, I employ a series of coiled springs, k k, 850., which are let into pockets ll, &c.,in the outer end of the annulus G. The springs k serve to crowd the plate E and rings F G outward against the inner face of the head an of the box B, and the diaphragm accommodates itself to any slight longitudinal play of said plate E.
The bores of the annulus O, diaphragm I, and head D of the cylinder or valve-chest are 7 larger than the diameter of the rod, in order,
as before stated, that the rod may be allowed lateral play, should it become out of truth for any reason, while the bores of the plates E and rings J, F, and G encircle the rod with a fluid-tight joint. It follows, therefore, that any fluid from the cylinder or valve-chest is shut out from the interior of the box B, for the reason thatit cannot pass between the diaphragm l and plate E, or between such diaphragm and the inner walls of the box.
By excluding fluid under pressure from the interior of the stuffing-box B the plates E are relieved from such pressure, and undue friction between them and the rod avoided, by which means the wear upon both plates and rod is greatly prolonged. The elastic band or spring H crowds the plates up to the rod with sufficient pressure to insure a tight joint.
To compel the plates E to move up to the rod in the direction of the lines a 11 in order to insure equal wear upon each, I create in the inner end of each plate (see Figs. 1 and 3 of the drawings) a straight groove, a, parallel to the said line a b*, and I form upon the contiguous face of a flat ring, 0, which overlaps the outer ends of the plate E, and is disposed between the said inner ends of such plate E and the outer end of the annulus 0,
straight ribs or splines 12 p, &c., to enter the grooves 12 a, 85c. These grooves and ribs compel the four plates to preserve their original positions, and as they wear they approach the rod in given paths, by which the wear upon each is uniform. In the construction shown in Fig. 2 of the accompanying drawings the grooves n are to be formed in the outer ends of the plates E, and the ribs 0 upon the inner end or face of the ring F, or vice versa.
1 claim 1. In combination with the four segmental packing-plates, the rod, and the box or case, the annular diaphragm held or confined at its outer edge between the abutting faces of the sections of said box or case, substantially as hereinbefore set forth.
2 In combination with the segmental or sectional packing-plates, the rod, and the box or case B, the springs 7; and the diaphragm held at its outer edge between the abutting faces of the sections of said box, substantially as hereinbefore set forth.
3. A sectional metallic packing-ring composed of four plates of equal size and length, the united concave faces of such plates constituting a circular bore to inclose the rod with a fluid-tight joint, and a portion of the inner face of one plate bearing with a fluid-tight joint upon the contiguous side of the next adjacent plate, substantially as herein set forth.
4. A piston -packii ig composed of plates each having its inner face composed in part of a segment of a circle to partially encircle the rod, and in part of a flat face departing at a tangent from the first to overlap the contiguous side of the next adjacent plate, the
IOC
opposite edge of each plate being at right an- 0, of the packing-plates formed with faces 0 1o gles to said flat face, and terminating at the d e f and grooves n, substantially as and for circumference of the rod, substantially as exthe purposes hereinbefore set forth.
plained. In testimony whereof I affix my signature 5. The packing-plates each formed with in presence of two Witnesses.
faces 0 d cf, as described, in combination with THOMAS TRIPP.
the diaphragm I and case or box B, substan- Witnesses:
tially as herein set forth. GEORGE DUSTAN,
6. The combination, with the ribbed plate H. E. LODGE.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2744773A (en) * 1951-03-23 1956-05-08 Thompson Prod Inc Seal

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2744773A (en) * 1951-03-23 1956-05-08 Thompson Prod Inc Seal

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