US565471A - Joseph b - Google Patents

Joseph b Download PDF

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US565471A
US565471A US565471DA US565471A US 565471 A US565471 A US 565471A US 565471D A US565471D A US 565471DA US 565471 A US565471 A US 565471A
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burner
vapor
ridge
lamp
groove
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D91/00Burners specially adapted for specific applications, not otherwise provided for
    • F23D91/02Burners specially adapted for specific applications, not otherwise provided for for use in particular heating operations

Description

(No Model.)
' J. B. DEQLRY.
VAPOR BURNER.
` No. 565,471. Patented Aug. 11, 1896r WITNESSES:
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH B. DE LEEY, OE NEw YORK, N. Y.
VAPOR-BURNER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 565,471, dated August 11 1896.
Application led February 12, 1896. Serial No. 579,007. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern,.-
Be it known that I, JOSEPH B. DE LRY, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Vapor-Burners, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to burners for that class of lamps in which a volatile hydrocarbon is used as a fuel and in which the heat of the iiame is utilized to generate the vapor which is supplied to the burner.
This burner was designed especially to be used upon the lamp described in the application of Hanorah Moran, led January 25, 1896, Serial No. 576,760; but the invention is not confined to this lamp.
The obj ect of this invention is to provide a combined burner and vapor-generator which shall be simple in construction and efficient in operation.
The invention consists of the construction hereinafter described and claimed.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, Figure l represents a side elevation of the lamp. Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the burner, and Fig. 3 is a cross-section ofthe same.
The lamp proper consists of a reservoir A, which is to contain gasolene or other volatile hydrocarbon. The lamp will have a wick leading from the reservoir through one of the handles a, which will be tubular for that purpose, the wick ending at the upper end of the handle, where the burner is connected.
b represents the burner, the construction of which constitutes the invention herein described. The burner is shown in Figs. 2 and 3, wherein it will be seen that it has a ridge h along its upper edge and a longitudinal groove b2 each side of the ridge and a short distance below it. The burner is hollow and provided with a nipple b8 or other means of connection with the upper end of handle a.
In the lower corner of each of the grooves b2 a row of perforations is formed, extending into the burner and forming the escape-pas sages for the vapor. These perforations are made vertically to direct the vapor as much as possible against the upper edges of the groove, so that when the lamp is burning the ridge b will become highly heated and the heat will be conducted throughout the entire burner. In the chamber of the burner I place a piece of wire-gauze, (represented by c.) This is in the form of a cylinder and is to distribute the gas or vapor generatedin the chamber evenly to the several perforations and to form a kind of cushion for the vapor, preventing it from passing out too freely and tending to keep the flame steady. The groove b2 may be located on one or both sides of the ridge; but I prefer to have them on both sides, as shown.
The lamp is lighted by holding a lighted match under the burner for a short time to transform the hydrocarbon contained in the end of the wick adjacent to the burner into a vapor. The vapor soon forces out through the perforations in the groove b2 and is then ignited. Therefore the flame itself heats the burner by reason of its contact with the ridge of metal between the grooves. The chamber thus being always hot vaporizes the fuel and automatically supplies a constant flow of gas to the name.
Having thus described my invention, I claiml. A gas or vapor burner provided with a horizontal closed ridge and having sides eX- tending obliquely downward from said ridge, and a groove or grooves located in said oblique sides, through which the gas or vapor flows, substantially as described.
2. A gas or vapor burner provided with a horizontal ridge, a groove parallel to and below the ridge, and a series of perforations for the escape of gas located in the lower corner of Said groove, and at right angles thereto, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I subscribe my signature in presence of two witnesses.
JOSEPH B. DE LEEY. Witnesses:
WM. A. ROSENBAUM, FRANK S. OBER.
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