US554498A - Bottle - Google Patents

Bottle Download PDF

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US554498A
US554498A US554498DA US554498A US 554498 A US554498 A US 554498A US 554498D A US554498D A US 554498DA US 554498 A US554498 A US 554498A
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Prior art keywords
bottle
tube
neck
stopper
plug
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D23/00Details of bottles or jars not otherwise provided for
    • B65D23/001Supporting means fixed to the container

Description

Patented Feb. 11,1s'96.
(No Model.)
T. W. RICHARDS.
I BOTTLE.
jar m INVENTOB w/ 6;
ATTOIMEXJ WITNESSES ANDREW B GRAHAM. PHOTO Lnno WASNINGTUND c UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
THOMAS IV. RICHARDS, OF BROOKLYN, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO JAMES PAULSON, OF RICHMOND HILL, NEIV YORK.
BOTTLE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 554,498, dated February 1 1, 1896.
Application fled June 28, 1895. Serial No. 554,308- (No model.)
To ztZZ whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, THOMAS WV. RICHARDS, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Brooklyn, county of Kings, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottles, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part thereof, in which similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.
This invention relates to bottles, and the object thereof is to provide a bottle which, having been once filled, cannot be emptied and refilled without destroying the bottle or leaving evidence of the fact that the bottle has been once filled; and with this and other objects in view the invention consists in the construction, combination, and arrangement of parts hereinafter described and claimed.
The invention is fully disclosed in the following specification, of which the accompanying drawings form a part, and in which Figure 1 is a central vertical section of a bottle constructed according to my invention, taken on the line a: x of Fig. 2; Fig. 2, a bottom plan view of the bottle, and Fig. 3 a detail View of the construction.
In the practice of my invention Iemploy a bottle A, which is preferably practically square in cross-section, but which may be of any desired form, and in the side of which, or in one corner of which, if the bottle be square in cross-section, is formed a tube 13, the upper end of which opens within the bottle adjacent to the lower end of the neck, as shown at O, and the lower end of which opens near the bottom of the bottle on the outside thereof, as shown at D. The bottle is also provided with the usual neck E and with a central tube F, which forms a continuation of the neck and extends outwardly through the bottle to near the bottom thereof. The bottom of the bottle is also provided with an inwardly-directed central tube G, which incloses the lower end of the tube F, as shown in Fig. 1, and the lower end of which is closed by the plate or partition H, and formed at one side of the bottom of the bottle is a tubular extension K, the outer end of which is closed, and at the base of which is formed an annular groove or recess L, and
in practice I provide a base-piece M, of any desired material, having a tubular cavity or recess at one side thereof adapted to receive the tubular extension K, this arrangement being for the purpose ofaffording a fiat even bottom for the bottle, and also to prevent the removal or the breaking off of the said tubular extension K.
The basepiece M is held in place by means of a wire frame N operating in connection with an annular bead 0, formed near the lower end of the bottle and in the outer walls thereof, as shown in Fig. 1.
The bottle is filled through the tube F, and said tube is designed to receive the plug or stopper P, which is formed of glass or similar material, and around which is placed a packing R, of cork or similar material, and the plug or stopper P is provided with an extension S, in the lower end of which is formed an opening through which is passed the platespring T.
The plug or stopper P is so constructed that it may be forced through the plug F from the upper end thereof, in which operation the spring T will be held in the position shown in Fig. 3, and when the plug or stopper has reached the position shown in Fig.1 the spring T or the ends thereof will be liberated from the tube F and spring out into the position shown in said figure, when, as will be understood, the removal of the plug or stopper by any means whatever will be impossible, as the ends of the spring T striking against the lower end of said tube will securely hold the stopper in place within the tube. In this class of devices the bottle must first be filled with the desired contents before the stopper or stoppers are applied, and this having been done the plug or stopper P, with the spring T connected therewith, is forced into the position as hcreinbefore described, after which the neck or nozzle is closed by the cork or plug U in the usual manner.
It will be understood, of course, that in the process of filling the bottle the air escapes through the tube B, and the bottle may be filled to the top thereof, or nearly so, and when the plug or stopper P is forced downwardly through the tube F the fluid within said tube F will be forced out at the bottom thereof and tle.
will pass out through the tube B, if there is more than is necessary to entirely fill the bot- The bottle having been thus filled and the stoppers applied, if it be desired to empty the bottle the bottom piece M is removed and the tubular extension K broken away and the bottle emptied through the opening thus formed, and in the process of emptying the bottle as above described air will enter thereinto through the tube 13, as will be understood, and it will also be understood that the contents of the bottle cannot be discharged through the tube B, because of the fact that when the tube F and the neck E are closed, as hereinbefore described, no air can enter the bottle except through the tube B. The lower end of the tube B may also be closed by any desired means, and, if necessary, at any time, and means by which this closure is made may be removed.
It is evident that changes in and modifications of the construction described may be made without departing from the spirit of my invention or sacrificing its advantages, and I therefore reserve the right to make such alterations and changes in the form, construction, and arrangement of the various parts of my improved bottle as fairly come within the scope thereof.
Having fully described my invention, I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. A bottle having an air-tube in one side thereof, one end of which opens into the bottle at or near the neck, and the other end of which opens outside, at or near the bottom, said bottle being also provided with a neck and a central tube, which forms a continuation of said neck, and extends to near the bottom of the bottle, and with means for closing the lower end of said tube, substantially as shown and described.
2. A bottle having an air-tube in one side thereof, one end of which opens into the bottle at or near the neck, and the other end of which opens outside, at or near the bottom, said bottle being also provided with a neck and a central tube, which forms a continuation of said neck, and extends to near the bottom of the bottle, and with means for closing the lower end of said tube, the bottom of said bottle be in g also provided with an outwardly-directed tubular extension, the outer end of which is closed, and which is adapted to be broken away when it is desired to open the bottle, substantially as shown and described.
A bottle having an air-tube in one side thereof, one end of which opens into the bottle at or near the neck, and the other end of which opens outside, at or near the bottom, said bottle being also provided with a neck and a central tube, which forms a continuation of said neck, and extends to near the bottom of the bottle, and with means for closing the lower end of said tube, the bottom of said bottle being also provided with an outwardly-directed tubular extension, the outer end of which is closed, and which is adapted to be broken away when it is desired to open the bottle, the bottom of said bottle, being also provided centrally thereof, with an inwardly-directed tube or tubular extension which is adapted to i11- close the lower end of 'the central tube, substantially as shown and described.
4. A bottle provided at one side thereof, with a tube, one end of which opens inside thereof at or near the neck of the bottle, and the other end of which opens outwardly near the bottom of the bottle, said bottle being also provided with a neck having a tubular extension which extends downwardly through the bottle to near the bottom thereof, and a plug or stopper designed to close the lower end of said tubular extension, said plug or stopper being provided with an extension through which is passed a spring, whereby when the stopper is inserted through the tube, and reaches the lower end thereof, the ends of the spring will fly out and prevent the removal of the stopper, substantially as shown and described.
5. A bottle provided with a central tube, which forms the continuation of the neck and extends downwardly through the bottle, to near the bottom thereof, a plug or stopper adapted to be inserted through said neck and to close the lower end of the tube, and provided with means to prevent the removal thereof, and said bottle being also provided with means for admitting air thereto, and allowing its discharge therefrom, substantially as shown and described.
6. A bottle provided with a central tube, which forms a continuation of the neck and extends downwardly through the bottle, to near the bottom thereof, a plug or stopper adapted to be inserted through said neck and to close the lower end of the tube, and provided with means to prevent the removal thereof, and said bottle being also provided with means for admitting air thereto, and allowing its discharge therefrom, the bottom of said bottle being also provided with a tubular extension closed at its outer end and adapted to be broken away when it is desired to empty the bottle and said bottle being also provided with abase-piece, having a tubular cavity or recess therein, adapted to receive said tubular extension, substantially as shown and described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention 1 have signed my name, in presenceof two witnesses, this 26th day of June, 1895.
THOMAS WV. RI Cl IARDS.
\Vitnesses L. M. MULLER, 0. GERsT.
IIO
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2612031A (en) * 1950-07-03 1952-09-30 Floyd M Cockriel Dripproof cup
US20090124547A1 (en) * 1998-12-21 2009-05-14 Webb Robert R Compounds for intracellular delivery of therapeutic moieties to nerve cells

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2612031A (en) * 1950-07-03 1952-09-30 Floyd M Cockriel Dripproof cup
US20090124547A1 (en) * 1998-12-21 2009-05-14 Webb Robert R Compounds for intracellular delivery of therapeutic moieties to nerve cells

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