US5515416A - Bi-plane imaging device - Google Patents

Bi-plane imaging device Download PDF

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Publication number
US5515416A
US5515416A US08/453,170 US45317095A US5515416A US 5515416 A US5515416 A US 5515416A US 45317095 A US45317095 A US 45317095A US 5515416 A US5515416 A US 5515416A
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bi
arms
plane
planes
isocenter
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Expired - Fee Related
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US08/453,170
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Bernard W. Siczek
Roman W. Siczek
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Siczek; Bernard W.
Siczek; Roman W.
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B6/00Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, e.g. combined with radiation therapy equipment
    • A61B6/44Constructional features of the device for radiation diagnosis
    • A61B6/4429Constructional features of the device for radiation diagnosis related to the mounting of source units and detector units
    • A61B6/4435Constructional features of the device for radiation diagnosis related to the mounting of source units and detector units the source unit and the detector unit being coupled by a rigid structure
    • A61B6/4441Constructional features of the device for radiation diagnosis related to the mounting of source units and detector units the source unit and the detector unit being coupled by a rigid structure the rigid structure being a C-arm or U-arm
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B6/00Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, e.g. combined with radiation therapy equipment
    • A61B6/40Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, e.g. combined with radiation therapy equipment with arrangements for generating radiation specially adapted for radiation diagnosis
    • A61B6/4007Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, e.g. combined with radiation therapy equipment with arrangements for generating radiation specially adapted for radiation diagnosis characterised by using a plurality of source units
    • A61B6/4014Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, e.g. combined with radiation therapy equipment with arrangements for generating radiation specially adapted for radiation diagnosis characterised by using a plurality of source units arranged in multiple source-detector units
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B6/00Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, e.g. combined with radiation therapy equipment
    • A61B6/44Constructional features of the device for radiation diagnosis
    • A61B6/4429Constructional features of the device for radiation diagnosis related to the mounting of source units and detector units
    • A61B6/4464Constructional features of the device for radiation diagnosis related to the mounting of source units and detector units the source unit or the detector unit being mounted to ceiling

Abstract

This invention relates to a bi-plane X-ray imaging medical system having two radiation axis with a common isocenter for simultaneous viewing of a targeted object in two planes for three dimensional orientation, these two radiation axes can be rotated about the isocenter, thus rotating these two planes individually or simultaneously and varying the angle between them for most advantageous imaging. And further, varying the angle allows for larger opening for access to the patient during a surgery or for loading/unloading the patient.

Description

BACKGROUND OF INVENTION

1. Field of Invention

The present invention relates to a field of medical instrumentation used for fluoroscopic and radiographic imaging of a body from a multiplicity of viewpoints simultaneously in two distinct planes, at a varying angle. The invention is useful for cardiac and electro-physiological imaging, for bone, abdominal and neuro-surgical applications.

2. Prior Art

The diagnostic bi-plane imaging system for viewing of a targeted object within a body simultaneously in two planes for three dimensional orientation is well known.

In the prior art, for example in the cardiac application, the bi-plane imaging system includes a first C- or U-arm mounted on the floor for imaging in the first plane and a second C-arm mounted on the ceiling for imaging in the second plane, thus providing flexibility of the relative positioning of the imaging planes, which planes do not necessarily have a common isocenter. A disadvantage of this system is a limited access to the patient, high cost of installation of the rails on the ceiling and lack of sterile environment due to the ceiling rails.

Another known bi-plane imaging system includes a G like structure limited to two orthogonal planes of imaging only that is insufficient in many examinations and very restricted access to the patient.

Still another known configuration is an O-ring like, providing even less access to the patient, used mostly for the head examination.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

The present invention relates to a bi-plane X-ray imaging system allowing for three dimensional orientation of a targeted object within a body by simultaneously viewing the object in two planes, not necessarily orthogonal to one another.

The biplane imaging system according to this invention comprises of two C-arms, each having an X-ray source and receptor mounted thereon; wherein these arms are mounted on a carriage and can move relative to each other either in a telescopic arrangement or side-by-side parallely so that the two planes of viewing are at a variety of angles. A large angle providing a large opening sufficient for loading or unloading a patient from a side and a good access to the patient. The carriage is rotationally mounted on a floor plate for rotation about a vertical axis passing through the isocenter of the radiation axes for additional flexibility of positioning.

Further, in some surgical applications it is desirable to move the imaging apparatus away from the operation table sideways; for this reason the apparatus can be put on wheels. Alternatively, the C-arms can be mounted on a surgical pivotal arm extending from a ceiling (such as used in the X-ray surgical equipment) or from a corner stand, voiding rails to allow for sterile environment.

The bi-plane imaging system being isocentric can accept the orbital aiming device as described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,129,911.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a side view of the bi-plane imaging system according to present invention, wherein the imaging planes are at less than a 90° angle approximately.

FIG. 2 is the same side view of the bi-plane imaging system as in FIG. 1, wherein the imaging planes are at a large angle to provide the biggest opening,

FIG. 3 illustrates a cross section of an embodiment wherein one C-arm is placed within the other C-arm for telescopic movement therebetween.

FIG. 4 illustrates a cross section of an alternative embodiment, wherein the C-arms are placed side by side.

FIG. 5 illustrates the bi-plane imaging system mounted on a floor-ceiling stand.

FIG. 6 illustrates the by plane imaging system mounted on wheels for mobility.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PRESENTLY PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 the bi-plane X-ray imaging system is shown comprising a C-arm 1 carrying an X-ray source 2, a collimator 3 and an image receptor 4 mounted on a slide 5; the C-arm rotatably mounted on a carriage 6 having bearings 7 and driven by means of a motor 8 with a reducer 9 and a timing belt 10.

Further comprising, a C-arm 11 carrying an X-ray source 12, a collimator 13 and an image receptor 14 movably mounted on a slide 15 for varying its distance to an isocenter O. C-arm 11 is movably mounted on a carriage 16 having bearings 17, which carriage 16 is slidably mounted on C-arm 1. C-arm 11 moves relative to C-arm 1 driven by means of a motor 18, a reducer 19 and a timing belt 20.

FIG. 3 illustrates a cross section of C-arm 11 mounted in a telescopic arrangement on C-arm 1, wherein x-ray source 2 and a collimator 3 are attached to an outside perimeter of C-arm 1 so that C-arm 11 can move along an inside perimeter of C-arm 1.

FIG. 4 illustrates an alternative relative configuration of C-arm 1 and C-arm 11, wherein C-arm 11 is slidably mounted on a side of C-arm 1.

In both of the above configuration the movement of the C-arms together or relative to each other is the same, and is illustrated in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2. C-arm 1 can be rotated in carriage 6 so that both C-arms are rotated simultaneously about the isocenter O without their relative displacement.

Also shown in FIG. 1 and 2 is carriage 6 mounted on bearings attached to a floor plate 21 so that C-arm 1 with carriage 6 can be rotated about a vertical axis passing through the isocenter O.

FIG. 5 shows the bi-plane imaging device mounted on a floor-ceiling stand 24 with a pivotal arm 25 and a pantographic arm 26.

FIG. 6 shows the bi-plane imaging device mounted on a plate 23 supported by casters 22.

Claims (8)

We claim:
1. A bi-plane x-ray imaging system for viewing a targeted object within a body simultaneously in two planes for three dimensional orientation comprising two C-arms, each of the two arms carrying an x-ray tube and an X-ray image receptor defining an radiation axis, wherein these radiation axes have a common isocenter, and wherein these two planes can be rotated individually about the isocenter for varying an angle between said two imaging planes and wherein said C-arms can be rotated simultaneously about said isocenter, and further, wherein said C-arms are coupled in sliding telescopic engagement, said two arms supported on a carriage.
2. A bi-plane x-ray imaging system for viewing a targeted object within a body simultaneously in two planes for three dimensional orientation comprising two C-arms, each of the two arms carrying an x-ray tube and an X-ray image receptor defining an radiation axis, wherein these radiation axes have a common isocenter, and wherein these two planes can be rotated individually about the isocenter for varying an angle between said two imaging planes and wherein said C-arms can be rotated simultaneously about said isocenter, and further, wherein said C-arms are coupled in sliding parallel engagement on a carriage.
3. The bi-plane X-ray imaging apparatus as in claim 1, coupled to a data acquiring device to create a stereo view.
4. The bi-plane X-ray imaging apparatus as in claim 2, coupled to a data acquiring device to create a stereo view.
5. The bi-plane x-ray imaging apparatus as in claim 1, wherein said apparatus is on wheels.
6. The bi-plane x-ray imaging apparatus as in claim 2, wherein said apparatus is on wheels.
7. The bi-plane x-ray imaging apparatus as in claim 1, wherein said apparatus is suspended on pivotal arms in proximity to a ceiling.
8. The bi-plane x-ray imaging apparatus as in claim 2, wherein said apparatus is suspended on pivotal arms in proximity to a ceiling.
US08/453,170 1995-05-30 1995-05-30 Bi-plane imaging device Expired - Fee Related US5515416A (en)

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Cited By (49)

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DE19633359A1 (en) * 1996-08-19 1998-02-26 Siemens Ag Dual-plane diagnostic X-ray appts
US5835557A (en) * 1994-10-13 1998-11-10 Swemac Orthopaedics Ab Apparatus for displaying x-ray images
EP0917856A1 (en) 1997-11-24 1999-05-26 Oec Medical Systems, Inc. Mobile bi-planar fluoroscopic imaging apparatus
US6113264A (en) * 1997-06-04 2000-09-05 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba X-ray diagnostic apparatus with C-shaped arms
US6424731B1 (en) * 1998-07-17 2002-07-23 Ge Medical Systems S.A. Method of positioning a radiographic device
WO2003032835A2 (en) * 2001-10-15 2003-04-24 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Interventional volume scanner
US20030112926A1 (en) * 2001-12-13 2003-06-19 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft X-ray apparatus
WO2003077763A2 (en) 2002-03-13 2003-09-25 Breakaway Imaging, Llc Systems and methods for quasi-simultaneous multi-planar x-ray imaging
WO2003077762A1 (en) * 2002-03-19 2003-09-25 Swemac Medical Appliances Ab Device for displaying x-ray images of an object
US20030235266A1 (en) * 2002-06-11 2003-12-25 Breakaway Imaging, Llc Cantilevered gantry apparatus for x-ray imaging
US20040008820A1 (en) * 2002-04-11 2004-01-15 Thomas Schmitt X-ray support device
US20040013225A1 (en) * 2002-03-19 2004-01-22 Breakaway Imaging, Llc Systems and methods for imaging large field-of-view objects
US20040022350A1 (en) * 2002-02-15 2004-02-05 Breakaway Imaging, Llc Breakable gantry apparatus for multidimensional x-ray based imaging
DE10241184A1 (en) * 2002-09-05 2004-04-01 Siemens Ag Method of generating a volume data set
US6754519B1 (en) * 2000-11-24 2004-06-22 Elgems Ltd. Multimodality imaging system
US20040170254A1 (en) * 2002-08-21 2004-09-02 Breakaway Imaging, Llc Gantry positioning apparatus for X-ray imaging
US6789941B1 (en) 2002-05-24 2004-09-14 Grady John K Dual C-arm angiographic device for flat panel receptor
US20050054915A1 (en) * 2003-08-07 2005-03-10 Predrag Sukovic Intraoperative imaging system
US6909769B2 (en) * 2001-04-19 2005-06-21 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method and apparatus for three-dimensional imaging of a moving examination subject, particularly for heart imaging
US7106825B2 (en) 2002-08-21 2006-09-12 Breakaway Imaging, Llc Apparatus and method for reconstruction of volumetric images in a divergent scanning computed tomography system
US20060222148A1 (en) * 2005-03-29 2006-10-05 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Device for recording projection images
US20070121790A1 (en) * 2005-11-25 2007-05-31 Grady John K Angio capable portable x-ray fluoroscopy unit with sliding c-arm and variable pivot point
US20070211863A1 (en) * 2006-03-10 2007-09-13 Rainer Graumann X-ray recording device with an x-ray detector and an x-ray emitter
US20070255292A1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2007-11-01 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft X-ray C-arm system, frame for a flat-panel x-ray detector of an x-ray C-arm system and method for technical support of targeting during puncturing of a patient
US20070258639A1 (en) * 2006-05-08 2007-11-08 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method for producing a three-dimensional image dataset of a target volume
US20080123819A1 (en) * 2006-11-23 2008-05-29 General Electric Company, A New York Corporation Apparatus for medical imaging
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US20080198973A1 (en) * 2005-09-09 2008-08-21 Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V. X-Ray Examination Apparatus
US20080269596A1 (en) * 2004-03-10 2008-10-30 Ian Revie Orthpaedic Monitoring Systems, Methods, Implants and Instruments
US20090028290A1 (en) * 2007-07-19 2009-01-29 Albert Grebner Biplane X-ray system
US20090080598A1 (en) * 2007-09-26 2009-03-26 University Of Pittsburgh - Of The Commonwealth System Of Higher Education Bi-plane x-ray imaging system
US20110040178A1 (en) * 2009-08-13 2011-02-17 Thomas Brunner Method for 3-d data collection with a biplane c-arm system with biplane acquisition multiplexing
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CN103784155A (en) * 2014-01-17 2014-05-14 北京东方惠尔图像技术有限公司 X ray real-time imaging device
CN103800021A (en) * 2014-01-17 2014-05-21 北京东方惠尔图像技术有限公司 X-ray out-phase pulse biplanar synchronous real-time imaging device and imaging method
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Cited By (107)

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US6754519B1 (en) * 2000-11-24 2004-06-22 Elgems Ltd. Multimodality imaging system
US6909769B2 (en) * 2001-04-19 2005-06-21 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method and apparatus for three-dimensional imaging of a moving examination subject, particularly for heart imaging
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