US54020A - Improvement in head-lights - Google Patents

Improvement in head-lights Download PDF

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US54020A
US54020A US54020DA US54020A US 54020 A US54020 A US 54020A US 54020D A US54020D A US 54020DA US 54020 A US54020 A US 54020A
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head
case
lights
air
opening
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q1/00Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices
    • B60Q1/26Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to indicate the vehicle, or parts thereof, or to give signals, to other traffic
    • B60Q1/50Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to indicate the vehicle, or parts thereof, or to give signals, to other traffic for indicating other intentions or conditions, e.g. request for waiting or overtaking

Description

M. M. ROUNDS.
Locomotive Head Light. No. 54,020. Patented April 17, 1866.
57g! //II\ A I! I Witnesses: Inwwm'r':
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIC M. M. ROUNDS, OF NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT.
IMPROVEMENT IN HEAD-LIGHTS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 54,020, dated April 17, 1866.
To all whom it nay concern:
Be it known that I, M. M. RoUNDs, of New Haven, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented a newImprovement in Head-Lights; and'I do hereby declare the following,.when taken in connection withthe accompanying drawings and the letters of reference marked thereon, to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, and which said drawings constitute part of this specification, and represent, in-
Figure 1, a front view; Fig. 2, a side view; Fig. 3, a vertical central section cutting from front to rear, and in Fig. 4 a plan of the bottom of the inner case.
In head-lights as heretofore constructed a great difficulty has arisen from the great he: generated therein, causing the frequent breakage of the glass, and by the intense heat destroying the entire head-light, and from lack of perfect combustion light has been much curtailed, which if not so curtailed would have only added to the difficulty first mentioned.
To overcome these difficulties is the object of my invention, which consists in the peculiar arrangement of my invention, whereby the case is perfectly ventilated and greater combustion obtained.
To enable others skilled in the art to construct and use myimprovement,I will proceed to describe the same as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
A is the outer case, provided with a glass front, B, of nearly the usual form and constructiou; C, the reflector; D, the lamp, of any known form or construction.
E is the bottom of the case, the bottom of which is seen in Fig. 4, openings F F being made therethrough, covered upon the upper side by a wire-gauze.
Below the bottom E, I form a chamber, G, having an opening, H, communicating with the openingF F above, also covered by wiregauze. The front and rear sides of the chamber G are also closed by a wire-gauze, 1.
Upon the top of the case I place a ventilator, L, of any well-known construction. Opening into the said ventilator from the case I form a passage, M, so that air may pass freely from the interior of the case to the ventilator.
Directly over the chimney N, I place a tube,
P, opening into the ventilator. The said tube P, at its lower end, is provided with a sleeve, to be moved down over the chimney, as denoted in black, or, when necessary, to be raised, as denoted in red, for the purpose of removing the chimney or otherwise.
To the lamp a passage, (0, around the wicktube (1, admits a large quantity of air directly to the burner, which greatly facilitates the combustion.
The front and rear openings to the chamber G are either one closed, as the case may be. (Seen in Fig.1.) WVhen moving at a rapid velocity the front opening should be closed and the rear opening opened to admit air, as denoted by a black arrow, the draft through this opening being sufficient for all practical purposes. The air thus admitted passes through the protected opening Hand F to the front of the case, as denoted by the blue arrows, out through the passage M and up through the passage (0, as denoted by arrows, to supply and facilitate combustion, and also around the rear, as denoted by the arrows in red. In addition to the natural draft thus created, the great heat from the burner passes through its chimney, thence through its tube P, creating a still stronger draft through the tube P, which, being fully supplied by the cold air freely admitted, tends to more perfectly ventilate and cool the case; and by the supply of atmospheric air to the burner a much larger blaze may be maintained, and a consequent proportionately increased light, the perfect supply of cold air to the case permitting the light to be so increased.
If running at a slow rate of speed, the rear opening of the chamber Gr should be closed and the front opening opened to permit air to pass in, as denoted by the blue arrow, to oprate as before described. It is advisable that these two openings should be so arranged that the engineer may open or close either the one or the other, according to the rate of speed at v 1. The foraminous openings I I, as repre- 2. The said foraminous openings, in combisented, one in front and the other in rear, so nation with the cold-air chimney M, substanthatwhen the train is in rapid motion thefront tially as shown and described. orifice maybe closed and the rear one open, and Y M M ROUNDS when the train is moving" slowly therear opena ing may be closed and the front one opened, WVitnesses:
so as to equalize the flow of air to the lamp, 7 JOHN E. EARLE, substantially as shown and described. JOHN H. SHUMWAY.
US54020D Improvement in head-lights Expired - Lifetime US54020A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020138417A1 (en) * 2001-03-20 2002-09-26 David Lawrence Risk management clearinghouse
US20030069742A1 (en) * 2001-10-09 2003-04-10 David Lawrence Electronic subpoena service
US20040083165A1 (en) * 2001-03-20 2004-04-29 David Lawrence Construction industry risk management clearinghouse
US20050268292A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-12-01 Microsoft Corporation Non-compile pages

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020138417A1 (en) * 2001-03-20 2002-09-26 David Lawrence Risk management clearinghouse
US20040083165A1 (en) * 2001-03-20 2004-04-29 David Lawrence Construction industry risk management clearinghouse
US20030069742A1 (en) * 2001-10-09 2003-04-10 David Lawrence Electronic subpoena service
US20050268292A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-12-01 Microsoft Corporation Non-compile pages

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