US50218A - Improvement in valve-gear for steam-engines - Google Patents

Improvement in valve-gear for steam-engines Download PDF

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US50218A
US50218A US50218DA US50218A US 50218 A US50218 A US 50218A US 50218D A US50218D A US 50218DA US 50218 A US50218 A US 50218A
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valve
steam
gear
cylinder
engines
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01LCYCLICALLY OPERATING VALVES FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01L25/00Drive, or adjustment during the operation, or distribution or expansion valves by non-mechanical means
    • F01L25/02Drive, or adjustment during the operation, or distribution or expansion valves by non-mechanical means by fluid means
    • F01L25/04Drive, or adjustment during the operation, or distribution or expansion valves by non-mechanical means by fluid means by working-fluid of machine or engine, e.g. free-piston machine
    • F01L25/06Arrangements with main and auxiliary valves, at least one of them being fluid-driven
    • F01L25/063Arrangements with main and auxiliary valves, at least one of them being fluid-driven the auxiliary valve being actuated by the working motor-piston or piston-rod

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE@y ADAM S. CAMERON,-OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

IMPROVEMENT IN VALVE-GEAR FOR STEAM-ENGINES.

Specication forming part of Letters Patent No. 50,218, dated October 3, 1865.

To all whom it may concern s Be it known that I, A. S. CAMERON, ot the city, county, and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Reversing-Gear for Steam-Engines; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, which will enable those skilled in the art to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, forming part of this specification.

The drawing represents a longitudinal central section of a steam-cylinder constructed according to my invention.

The object of this invention is to change the motion of the slide-valve at the end of each stroke of the piston by the action of parts which are arranged in the interior of the cylinder and operated by the piston or parts attached to the same. 'lhis object is effected by connecting the slide-valve to a rod which connects two pistons workin g in cylinders that are formed by the ends of the valve-chest, and the outer ends of which connect by suitable chanl nels with chambers'which are situated in the cylinder-heads an d com municate withthe cyli nder through openings that are closed by springvalves. Whenever the piston approaches one of the ends of its stroke it strikes the stem of one of said spring-valves, and by opening the same allows the steam contained in the end of the supplementary cylinder to escape, and thereby the equilibrium on both ends of the small pistons connecting with the slide-valve is disturbed and the slide-valve is changed automatically. Small channels passing through said pistons allow the steam to pass into the supplementary cylinders; but these channels are so small in proportion to the channels leading from the supplementary cylinders to the chambers in the cylinder-heads that if one of the spring-valves is opened the steam from the and closed by the action ot' the slide-valve C,

may be arranged so as to admit steam under the valve, as shown in the drawing, or which may be constructed in any other suitable manner. This slide-valve is seated on the bottom of the steam-chest D, the ends of which form small cylinders EE to receive pistons F F', which are connected to each other by a rod, G, and this rod is perforated transversely to receive a stud, c, which rises from the back of the valve. Small channels d d', passing through the pistons F F', form a communication between the interior ot' the steam-chest and the outer ends ot the supplementary cylinders E E', so that said small pistons are exposed to a uniform pressure of steam from all sides. The supplementary cylinders E E' communicate through channels e e' with chambers H H', which are formed in the cylinder-heads, and

communicate with the interior of the main cyl-` inder A by means ot' openings ff'. These openings are closed by valves I l', the stems ot' which extend out through stuffing-boxes g g', and also through the openingsjf' into the interior ofthe cylinder A. Springs IL h', which act on the outer ends ofthe valve-stems,have a tendency to keep said valves closed. The area ot' the cross-sections of the channels e e' is much larger than thatot the small channels d d', passing through the supplementary pistons F F', and it the main piston approaches one end of its stroke it strikes the stem of one of the valves, l', and opens the same. The steam contained in the end ofthe small cylin der E is thereby allowed to escape through the channel e', port a', and exhaustport b, and the equilibrium of the supplementary pistons F F' is disturbed, causing said pistons to move in the direction ot' the arrow marked thereon in the drawing. By this motion the slidevalve is changed and the main piston begins its return-stroke. The valve l closes as soon as the main piston begins to recede by the action of the spring h', and the equilibrium of the small pistons is restored by the steam passing in through the sniallchanneld'. The same action takes place at the opposite end of the stroke of the main piston, and the slide-valve is changed automatically by the action of mechanism chiefly situated in the main cylinder, so that in applying my reversing-gear to a steampump,for instance, the pump-cylinder can be brought close up to the steam-cylinder.

I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- The valve-chambers H H and valves I I in the heads of the main cylinder A, in combination with supplementary cylinders E E', pis tous F F', and slide-valve C, constructed and operating substantially as and for the purpose described.

, A. s. CAMERON.

Witnesss:

M. M. LIVINGSTON, G. L. TOPLIFF.

US50218D Improvement in valve-gear for steam-engines Expired - Lifetime US50218A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2601531A (en) * 1948-05-15 1952-06-24 Black Sivalls & Bryson Inc Fluid actuated control valve
US2616449A (en) * 1947-12-26 1952-11-04 Hannifin Corp Pilot operated solenoid controlled valve
US3745886A (en) * 1970-04-01 1973-07-17 Krueger Gmbh H Thrust piston motor operating with a gaseous fluid medium
US4085655A (en) * 1976-03-29 1978-04-25 Olson Lawrence P Control for reciprocating pumps or the like
US20160366123A1 (en) * 2015-06-10 2016-12-15 Mcafee, Inc. Device naming in an internet of things

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2616449A (en) * 1947-12-26 1952-11-04 Hannifin Corp Pilot operated solenoid controlled valve
US2601531A (en) * 1948-05-15 1952-06-24 Black Sivalls & Bryson Inc Fluid actuated control valve
US3745886A (en) * 1970-04-01 1973-07-17 Krueger Gmbh H Thrust piston motor operating with a gaseous fluid medium
US4085655A (en) * 1976-03-29 1978-04-25 Olson Lawrence P Control for reciprocating pumps or the like
US20160366123A1 (en) * 2015-06-10 2016-12-15 Mcafee, Inc. Device naming in an internet of things

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