US47419A - Improved marine propeller - Google Patents

Improved marine propeller Download PDF

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Publication number
US47419A
US47419A US47419DA US47419A US 47419 A US47419 A US 47419A US 47419D A US47419D A US 47419DA US 47419 A US47419 A US 47419A
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wheels
vessel
screws
marine propeller
improved marine
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63HMARINE PROPULSION OR STEERING
    • B63H5/00Arrangements on vessels of propulsion elements directly acting on water
    • B63H5/07Arrangements on vessels of propulsion elements directly acting on water of propellers
    • B63H5/08Arrangements on vessels of propulsion elements directly acting on water of propellers of more than one propeller
    • B63H5/10Arrangements on vessels of propulsion elements directly acting on water of propellers of more than one propeller of coaxial type, e.g. of counter-rotative type

Definitions

  • A represent or indicate the lower deck or other equivalent part at the rear end of 'e vessel, and B the keel, &c., beneath the same.
  • the whole taper is to be continuous,substantially as shown,and the closebodies or drums of the screws or wheels O D are to have a continuation of the same form nearly or exactly coinciding with that before, that behind, and with each other.
  • the effect of this form otl construction is obvious.
  • the surrounding water is very gradually displaced, and is not put in commotion, and where the screws or wheels act upon it it tlowsclosely and compactly around the same.
  • the propeller screws or wheels may be either at the bow or the stern of the vessel, or, it' preferred, at both.

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Ocean & Marine Engineering (AREA)
  • Toys (AREA)

Description

UNITED STATES 'PATENT Ormea.
IM PROVED MARIN E PROPELLER.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 47,4 I9, dated April 25, 1865.
To afZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, AUsTrN S. HATCH, of Addison, in the lcounty of Steuben and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Propeller; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description thereof, reference beingl had to the accompanying drawing, making part of this specilication, and representing my improvements with the parts of a vessel to which they are applied.
Let A represent or indicate the lower deck or other equivalent part at the rear end of 'e vessel, and B the keel, &c., beneath the same.
As one part of my improvement I employ two propeller screws or wheels, O D, situatedv `and turning in an opening, b, of the dead-wood of the vessel, one screw or wheel, G, turning in 011e direction, and the other, D, turning in the, other direction, (with equal or nearly equal velocities,) as indicated by arrows thereon. The vanes or paddles o c ofthe screw or wheel C have their spiral twist in the proper direction, as shown, while the vanes or paddles d d of the other screw or wheel, D, twist in the other direction to an equal or nearly equal degree. The effect of two screws or wheels thus revolving equally in opposite directions in the same line is to cause the water through which they pass, and upon which their vanes or paddles successively act, first to be moved laterally in one direction by the forward screw or wheel, G, and then immediately to be checked in that side motion thereby produced by the opposite motion of the vanos or paddles of the rear screw or wheel, D, and thus when the actions of the two screws or wheels are properly balanced the lateral motions of the water are exactly neutralized, and it is left nearly in a state of repose, except the rearward motion caused by the reaction upon it in propelling the vessel forward; hence there is no side motion or tendency of the vessel, and the water is in the best condition to give the proper reaction on .the propeller to move the and at H behind the same, the latter nuany terminating in a point at h, or as sharply as practicable. The whole taper is to be continuous,substantially as shown,and the closebodies or drums of the screws or wheels O D are to have a continuation of the same form nearly or exactly coinciding with that before, that behind, and with each other. The effect of this form otl construction is obvious. r The surrounding water is very gradually displaced, and is not put in commotion, and where the screws or wheels act upon it it tlowsclosely and compactly around the same. y
I contemplate giving the same taper form to the hull of the vessel, both fore and aft, so that the cut ot' the water shall be easy, free, and quiet; also, the propeller screws or wheels may be either at the bow or the stern of the vessel, or, it' preferred, at both.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent is- The combination and arrangement of the double screws or wheels O D, revolvinginopposite directions, and the taper `form ot' the hull or bottom of the vessel, before and bel hind the said screws or wheels, `and in continuation of the form of their bodies, substantially as and for the purposes herein specified. Y
AUSTIN S. HATCH.
Witnesses:
J. S. BROWN,
EDM. F. BROWN.
US47419D Improved marine propeller Expired - Lifetime US47419A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2727485A (en) * 1954-08-16 1955-12-20 Herbert M Combs Submarine type sea train
US20050018666A1 (en) * 2003-07-22 2005-01-27 Davila Hector Ricardo Network header compression arrangement

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2727485A (en) * 1954-08-16 1955-12-20 Herbert M Combs Submarine type sea train
US20050018666A1 (en) * 2003-07-22 2005-01-27 Davila Hector Ricardo Network header compression arrangement

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