US465510A - Charles - Google Patents

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US465510A
US465510A US465510DA US465510A US 465510 A US465510 A US 465510A US 465510D A US465510D A US 465510DA US 465510 A US465510 A US 465510A
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Prior art keywords
door
crane
arm
vault
safe
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D3/00Hinges with pins
    • E05D3/06Hinges with pins with two or more pins
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0801Multiple
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0801Multiple
    • Y10T292/0803Sliding and swinging
    • Y10T292/0805Combined motion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0801Multiple
    • Y10T292/0834Sliding
    • Y10T292/0836Operating means
    • Y10T292/0841Flexible

Definitions

  • My invention relates to improvements in safes or vaults and doors and operating and Vlocking mechanism therefor.
  • the particular features of this invention consist in providing a safe or vault doorcapable of a vertical and swinging movement, to the end that the floor-of vault may be on the same level with the door on outside without any hinderance or obstruction in the passage-way into the vault, or that the door or safe-tioor and lower jamb or threshold may be in the same plane, and also in the devices for handling and securing the door to accomplish these results. ⁇
  • Figure 1 shows the outside front of a vault-door and one construction of hangings therefor.
  • Fig. 2 shows the outside front of a vault-door and one construction of hangings therefor.
  • Fig. 5 shows a section of vault body and door in first stage of opening.
  • Fig. 6 is a detail view relating to particular locking-bolts.
  • Fig. 7 shows side and edge elevations of a pair of cog-gears used in the construction.
  • Fig. 8 is a detail figure showing a side, top, and end elevation of an eccentric and connection.
  • 1 indicates the body of the Vault, having an opening adapted to receive door 2.
  • the door-jamb at top and sides recedes by offsets or steps from the front inward, as shown at 3, and is preferably provided along the sides and across the top with a groove or recess 4, adapted to receive a tongue 5 on the door.
  • the door jainb or sill is provided with one or more grooves or recesses 7 7, tbc., adapted to receive corresponding tongues' 6, &c., on the bottom of the door.
  • a hanger-block 8 Secured ,to the door near the top is a hanger-block 8, to which are pivoted at 8a hinge-connection pieces 9 9, which are pivoted at 9 at their upper ends to ear 10 on crane-arm 11.
  • Arm 11 forms ya part of crane 12, which crane is hinged so as to slide vertically on the piutles of hinges 13 and 14, fixed on the jamb.
  • On the crane l2 is provided a lifting-lug 15, 'providedwith an adjusting-screw 15a, under which screw engages arm 16.
  • Arm 16 is connected with arm 17by a joint, and forms, in connection with arm 17, a knucklefjointf Arm 17 has bearing at its lowerend in a hinge-like projection 18 on the door-jamb.
  • 19 is a lower projecting arm forming part of crane 12 ⁇ and providedl with set-screws 2O and 21, which extend to and are adapted to engage against the face of the door 2.
  • a connectingrod 22 Connected to the knuckle-joint by a connectingrod 22 is an eccentric 23, mounted upon a shaft24, having a bearing in the crane-arm 12. which is meshed by gear 26on the inner end of shaft 27.
  • Shaft 27 has bearing in crane 12 and has hand-wheel 28 mounted on its outer end.
  • the bolts 30 are connected to throw-bars 35 in anyof several well-known manners, and the throw-bars are connected together to secure simultaneous movement of the bolts, as by connecting-rods 32 and pivoted disks 33, pivoted to the door at 34.
  • To the lower pivoted disk 33 is connected by connecting-bar 3G throw-bar 37 of the screwebolts 3l.-
  • the screw-bolts 3l are provided with very steep threads, (see Fig.
  • the door is carried free by the crane on arms and is free to be swung open. It is preferable that the adjustment of the knuckle-joint shall be such that when the tongues and grooves at the bottom of the door become disengaged the arms 16 and 17 will be in the same straight line, in which position they will remain without being secured and hold the door in its upper position while open. As the door swings open the arm 17 turns in the socketin hinge projection 18 on 'the jamb.
  • the set-screws 2O and 2l in the lower arm of the crane are adjusted so as to engage against the outer face of the door and hold it in position, so that when the upper v end is in contact with arm 11 the lower end will be swung far enough inward to enter the j amb at the lower end when the door is swung inward.
  • the door is simply swunginto position until it assumes the position shown in Fig. 5, when by rotating wheel 28 the extended position of the knuckle-joint is changed to its shorter position and the door is allowed to drop onto the lower j amb or threshold, and, striking first on the outside, is thrown inward by its own weight into closed position at the top.
  • the locking-bolts may then be operated in securing the door in locked position.
  • a safe or vault door having tongues or proj ections extendingin the plane of thedoor on a portion of its periphery and tongues or Vprojections extending at right angles to the plane of the door on a portion of its periphery, in combination with a jam'b to receive the door and tongues or projections, and a hinged crane for carrying and moving the door to disengage it from the jamb, substantially as set forth'.
  • the jamb having a tongue or projection extending in the plane of the .door at its lower end, the tongue or projection extending at right angles to the plane of the door at the top, the jamb having suitable grooves or recesses for for;

Description

(No Model.) 2 Sheet-s C. 0. LE. SAFE VAULT.
Patented-Dec. .22, 1891.
g Jo
ff- -i' 31 WTNEE,S. j A' INVENTOR.
2 sheetssheet 2.
n No. 465,510. Patented 1100.22, 1891. l
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j I I M4 /',/;f\\\\\\\\\\\ f W/////// WTNEg. INVENTaJ-.
THE Manga s PET Neveu, n. c.
UNTTED STATES f PATENT OFFICE..
CHARLES O. YALE, OF NEV YORK, N. Y.
sAl-jE 0R vAU LT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 465,510, dated December 22, 1891.
Application led February 2, 1891. Serial No. 379,872. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES O. YALE, of New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safes or Vaults; and I do hereby declare thatthe following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the figures of reference marked thereon, which form part of this specification.
My invention relates to improvements in safes or vaults and doors and operating and Vlocking mechanism therefor. l
The particular features of this invention consist in providing a safe or vault doorcapable of a vertical and swinging movement, to the end that the floor-of vault may be on the same level with the door on outside without any hinderance or obstruction in the passage-way into the vault, or that the door or safe-tioor and lower jamb or threshold may be in the same plane, and also in the devices for handling and securing the door to accomplish these results.`
In the drawings which accompany and form a part of this speciication, and in which similar figures of reference refer to corresponding parts in the several figures, Figure 1 shows the outside front of a vault-door and one construction of hangings therefor. Fig. 2
shows the same parts shown in Fig. 1 from locking the door; but this particular systemv of bolt-workY is not essential. Fig. 5 shows a section of vault body and door in first stage of opening. Fig. 6 is a detail view relating to particular locking-bolts.` Fig. 7 shows side and edge elevations of a pair of cog-gears used in the construction. Fig. 8 is a detail figure showing a side, top, and end elevation of an eccentric and connection.
Referring more specifically to the referencenumerals marked on the drawings, 1 indicates the body of the Vault, having an opening adapted to receive door 2. The door-jamb at top and sides recedes by offsets or steps from the front inward, as shown at 3, and is preferably provided along the sides and across the top with a groove or recess 4, adapted to receive a tongue 5 on the door. At the bottom the door jainb or sill is provided with one or more grooves or recesses 7 7, tbc., adapted to receive corresponding tongues' 6, &c., on the bottom of the door. Secured ,to the door near the top is a hanger-block 8, to which are pivoted at 8a hinge-connection pieces 9 9, which are pivoted at 9 at their upper ends to ear 10 on crane-arm 11. Arm 11 forms ya part of crane 12, which crane is hinged so as to slide vertically on the piutles of hinges 13 and 14, fixed on the jamb. On the crane l2 is provided a lifting-lug 15, 'providedwith an adjusting-screw 15a, under which screw engages arm 16. Arm 16 is connected with arm 17by a joint, and forms, in connection with arm 17, a knucklefjointf Arm 17 has bearing at its lowerend in a hinge-like projection 18 on the door-jamb.
19 is a lower projecting arm forming part of crane 12 `and providedl with set-screws 2O and 21, which extend to and are adapted to engage against the face of the door 2. Connected to the knuckle-joint by a connectingrod 22 is an eccentric 23, mounted upon a shaft24, having a bearing in the crane-arm 12. which is meshed by gear 26on the inner end of shaft 27. Shaft 27 has bearing in crane 12 and has hand-wheel 28 mounted on its outer end.
Secured on shaft 24 is a cog-gear 25,
Firmly secured on the inner face of the t the bottom screw-threaded locking-bolts 31, working through suitable screw-threaded openings in the bolt-bars. The bolts 30 are connected to throw-bars 35 in anyof several well-known manners, and the throw-bars are connected together to secure simultaneous movement of the bolts, as by connecting-rods 32 and pivoted disks 33, pivoted to the door at 34. To the lower pivoted disk 33 is connected by connecting-bar 3G throw-bar 37 of the screwebolts 3l.- The screw-bolts 3l are provided with very steep threads, (see Fig. 6,) and the head of the screw locking-bolt 31 is provided with an encircling groove, in which IOO the throw-bar 37 engages, so that the bolt 31 moves laterally with the throw-bar, but rotates independently of it. The bolt 3l engages within suitable screw-threaded openings in the body of the safe. On the inside of the door and mounted upon a spindle eX- tending through the door and provided with an operating-handle 38 on the outside is disk 39. In disk 39 is provided a pin 40, which engages `in a slotted opening in throw-bar 35,
so that the door is unsecured, by rotating hand-wheel 28 in either direction through the intermediate connecting-gears, shafts, and eccentric, knuckle-joint arms 16 and 17 will start i to fall into the same line and the weight of the door istaken on the lug and the arms 1-6 and 17. As soon as the weight is thus taken the connecting-arms 9, being on an incline, swing the ldoor from the position shown in`- Fig. 3 outward until the upper end of the door strikes against arm 11,when bycontin-uing the rotation of thewheel 2 8 until the knuckle-joint has lmade its full throw the door israised until the tongues and grooves at the bottom become disengaged, as shown in Fig. 5. In this posi-tion the door is carried free by the crane on arms and is free to be swung open. It is preferable that the adjustment of the knuckle-joint shall be such that when the tongues and grooves at the bottom of the door become disengaged the arms 16 and 17 will be in the same straight line, in which position they will remain without being secured and hold the door in its upper position while open. As the door swings open the arm 17 turns in the socketin hinge projection 18 on 'the jamb. The set-screws 2O and 2l in the lower arm of the crane are adjusted so as to engage against the outer face of the door and hold it in position, so that when the upper v end is in contact with arm 11 the lower end will be swung far enough inward to enter the j amb at the lower end when the door is swung inward. 1 When it is desired to close the vault or safe, the door is simply swunginto position until it assumes the position shown in Fig. 5, when by rotating wheel 28 the extended position of the knuckle-joint is changed to its shorter position and the door is allowed to drop onto the lower j amb or threshold, and, striking first on the outside, is thrown inward by its own weight into closed position at the top. The locking-bolts may then be operated in securing the door in locked position. l
l It will be understood that the screw-bolts 3l perform the same office for the bottom of the door .that the tongue and groove do the sidesviz., prevent Wedging of the door.
It is evident that many other mechanisms for raising and operatinga door substantially in the same way and to the same end asl the mechanism hereinbefore described may be used, and I do not intend to limit myself to this particular mechanism, although I consider this the best form that I have yet used for accomplishing this purpose.
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1.. A safe or vault door having tongues or proj ections extendingin the plane of thedoor on a portion of its periphery and tongues or Vprojections extending at right angles to the plane of the door on a portion of its periphery, in combination with a jam'b to receive the door and tongues or projections, and a hinged crane for carrying and moving the door to disengage it from the jamb, substantially as set forth'.
2. The combination, With a safe Vor vault door ladapted to be received in a janib having down wardly-projecting flanges or projections on its lower end, of a jamb to receive the door, having corresponding grooves `or recesses to receive the 4iianges or projections, substantially as set forth.
3. The combination .of a safe or vault .door
having a tongue or projection extending in the plane of the .door at its lower end, the tongue or projection extending at right angles to the plane of the door at the top, the jamb having suitable grooves or recesses for for;
receiving the tongues or projections of the d l or vault door, .of a crane, a connecting-link between the `door and crane, and mechanism for raising the door, operating through the connecting-link, substantially'as set forth.
6. The combination, in a safe or vault door, of a suspending-crane, a connection between the crane and safe-door, mechanism for raising the crane vertically, and a projection from the crane adapted to engage the face .of the door at the bottom, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
7. The combination, with a safe or vault door, of a hinged crane on the outside .of the door, having an arm projecting across the face of the door adjacent to the 'top and an arm projecting across the face of the door adjacent IIO to thebottom, aconnection between the upper arm and the safe-door, a projection on the lower arm adapted to engage against the face of the door, and mechanism for raising the crane, substantially as set forth.
8. The combination, with a safe or vault door, of a crane capable of vertical movement, a vibrating connection between the door and crane, and a knuckle -joint for raising the crane, substantially as set forth.
9. The combination, with a safe or vault door, of a screw-threaded locking-bolt, a screwthreaded opening in the bolt-bar, through which thel locking-bolt projects, a screwthreaded opening in the jamb to receive the projected end of the bolt, andabolt-throw bar connected to the bolt to permit the rotation thereof, but to move laterally with the bolt, substantially as set forth.
10. The combination, with a safe or vault door, of a swinging crane on the outside of the door, having an arm projecting across thetop of the door, and a projecting arm projecting across the bottom of the door, the connectinglink between the upper arm and the door, a projection from the lower arm adapted to engage the face of the door, a projection on the crane, a projection on the jamb, pivoted levers forming a knuckle-joint extending between said projections, and a hand-wheel and gearing for operating the knuckle-joint in raising the crane, substantially as set forth.
11. The combination, with a safe or vault door having projections at the bottom, of a j amb having recesses at the bottom to receive the projections, and mechanism engaging the door to remove the projections from the recesses and carry the door open, substantially as set forth.
In witness whereof I have aflixecl my signature in presence of two witnesses.
CHARLES O. YALE. 'Vitnesses:
L.'S. CLARKE,
M. E. ROBINSON.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2415612A (en) * 1942-08-27 1947-02-11 Straessli Emilio Lock structure
US4712490A (en) * 1986-02-27 1987-12-15 Lichter Robert J Safe

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2415612A (en) * 1942-08-27 1947-02-11 Straessli Emilio Lock structure
US4712490A (en) * 1986-02-27 1987-12-15 Lichter Robert J Safe

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