US588567A - Hinge - Google Patents

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US588567A
US588567A US588567DA US588567A US 588567 A US588567 A US 588567A US 588567D A US588567D A US 588567DA US 588567 A US588567 A US 588567A
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Prior art keywords
hinge
casing
pin
gate
roller
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D7/00Hinges or pivots of special construction
    • E05D7/04Hinges adjustable relative to the wing or the frame
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/60Suspension or transmission members; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/604Transmission members

Definitions

  • My invention relates to hinges, and particularly to a two-way roller-hinge suitable for gates, doors, shutters, and the equivalents thereof; and the object in view is to provide a simple, ineXpensive,'and efficient construction and arrangement of Vparts whereby the pintle and'body portion of the hinge may be countersunk in a jamb or post.
  • Figure l is a perspective view of hinges constructed in accordance with my invention applied in the operative position to a gate.
  • Fig. 2 is a vertical section of the hinge and contiguous portions of a gate and its jamb or post.
  • Fig. 3 is a det-ail View in perspective of the pintle-casing.
  • Fig. 4 is a similar View of the hinge-eye and roller detached.
  • the hinge embodying my invention consists, essentially, of a hinge-pin or pint-le 1, removably seated within a casing 2, which is adapted to be counter-sunk or let into a jamlo or post, such as apost 3 of the ⁇ gate et, with which the hinge is employed, the connection between the hinge-pin and thel gate being secured by means of a hinge-eye 5, carried by the gate and extending within the casing.
  • the casing is preferably open at its rear sideA and at its extremities, and is adapted to be closed at such points by means of the contiguous Walls of the cavity 6 in the jamb or post to which the casing is attached, the casing being provided nearvits upper and lower ends with conical seats 7 and 8 to receive the hinge-pin.
  • Said pin is preferably provided at its upper endv with a conical head 9 to iitn in the upper seat 7, whilethe conicalwalls of the lower seat serve to center the lower eX- tremity of the pin and thereby guide it to its proper place. .y l I 1897. SeralNo. 618,302. (-Nomodel.)
  • a slot 10 of double-inclined construction Formed in the front wall of the casingis a slot 10 of double-inclined construction, its lowest point being at the center, from which the slot inclines upwardly toward both eX- tremities, this front Wall of the casing being concentric with the hinge-pin, whereby all points of the slot 10 are equidistant from the pin. Furthermore, at the lower side of this double-inclined slot, thro ugh which the shank 11 of the hinge-eye gains entrance intoV the casing, is arranged a double-inclined track or guide 12, which follows the lower edge of the slot, and hence has its lowermost point at'the center of the casing and.
  • any suitable means for securing the hingeeye to the gate may be adopted, but preferably the shank 11 thereof is threaded, as shown at 14, and is screwed into the gate, the smooth portion of said shankrbeing of such diameter that the roller 13 may be passed overfthe threaded portion of the shankand haveits bearing tit snugly upon said smooth portion ofkr the shank, which thusv forms, a journal for the roller.
  • the roller 13 is guided positively between the contiguous surfaces of the gate and the front wall of the casing, ⁇ which is concentric with the hinge-pin or the axis of the swinging movement of the gate, whereby the said surface of the Vgate prevents outward and the surface of thecasing prevents inward dsplacementof the roller.
  • the hinge eye is adapted to be turned to secure any desired relative position of the gate and face of the casing before the hinge-pin is dropped into place, and in case of lost motion due to wear the hinge-pin, after removing the casing from the j amb or post 3, may be displaced .t
  • I preferably incline the track or guide downwardly and outwardly in cross-section and bevel the face of the roller correspondingly, whereby the tendency of the roller is to slide outwardly upon the track or guide and thus hold the gate always at the proper distance from the face of the casing.
  • a hinge In a hinge, the combination of a hingepin, a plate carrying hinge-pin seats and having a slotted face portion concentric with the hinge-pin, said plate also having a doubleinclined track or guide which is followed by the slot, a hinge-eye mounted for rotary and sliding movement upon the hinge-pin, and a roller mounted upon ⁇ the shank of the hingeeye for traversing said track or guide and arranged with its inner side in contact with the concentric face of the plate, whereby the roller is held from inward displacement by said plate, substantially as specified.
  • a hinge the combination of a hingepin, a slotted casing supporting the hingepin and carrying a double-inclined track or guide which declines cross-sectionally toward its outer edge or from the hinge-pin, the slotted face of the casing being concentric with thehinge-pin, a hinge-eye fitted for rotary and sliding movement upon said hinge-pin, and a roller loosely mounted upon the shank of the hinge-eye to traverse said track or guide and having a beveled periphery whereby gravity causes a normal tendency of the roller outwardly or from the hinge-pin, said roller bearing at one side against the concentric face of the casing substantially as specified.
  • a hinge the combination of a casing adapted t-o be secured toa jamb or post and provided with interior alined upper and lower conical seats, a hinge-pin removably iittediin said seats and provided with a head to fit in the upper seat and prevent downward displacement, said casing having its front wall concentric with thehinge-pin and being provided with a double-inclined slot of which the lowermost point is at its center, atrack or guide arranged at and following the line of the lower edge of the slot in the front wall of the casing, a hinge-eyeffitted for rotary and sliding movement upon the hinge-pin between said seats, and having a shank extended outwardly through the slot in the casing, said shank being constructed for engagement with a gate, and a roller journaled upon the shank to traverse said track or guide, su bstantially as specified.

Description

(No Mode-1.)
` T. J. GOODWIN.
HINGE.
Patented Aug. 24, 1897. A
77mm If QMfJzw/z,
UNrrn STATES- [ATENT FFTCE.
HINGE.
SPECIFIcArIoNforming part of Letters Patent No. 588,567, dated august 24, 1897.
Application filed January 7,
To all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that 1, THOMAS J. GOODWIN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Lampasas, inthe county of Lampasas and State of Texas, have invented a new and useful Hinge, of which the following is a specication.
My invention relates to hinges, and particularly to a two-way roller-hinge suitable for gates, doors, shutters, and the equivalents thereof; and the object in view is to provide a simple, ineXpensive,'and efficient construction and arrangement of Vparts whereby the pintle and'body portion of the hinge may be countersunk in a jamb or post.
Further objects and advantages of this invention will appear in the following description, andthe'nove'l features thereof will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
1n the drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of hinges constructed in accordance with my invention applied in the operative position to a gate. Fig. 2 is a vertical section of the hinge and contiguous portions of a gate and its jamb or post. Fig. 3 is a det-ail View in perspective of the pintle-casing.' Fig. 4 is a similar View of the hinge-eye and roller detached.
Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the gures ofthe drawlngs.
The hinge embodying my invention consists, essentially, of a hinge-pin or pint-le 1, removably seated within a casing 2, which is adapted to be counter-sunk or let into a jamlo or post, such as apost 3 of the` gate et, with which the hinge is employed, the connection between the hinge-pin and thel gate being secured by means of a hinge-eye 5, carried by the gate and extending within the casing. The casing is preferably open at its rear sideA and at its extremities, and is adapted to be closed at such points by means of the contiguous Walls of the cavity 6 in the jamb or post to which the casing is attached, the casing being provided nearvits upper and lower ends with conical seats 7 and 8 to receive the hinge-pin. Said pin is preferably provided at its upper endv with a conical head 9 to iitn in the upper seat 7, whilethe conicalwalls of the lower seat serve to center the lower eX- tremity of the pin and thereby guide it to its proper place. .y l I 1897. SeralNo. 618,302. (-Nomodel.)
Formed in the front wall of the casingisa slot 10 of double-inclined construction, its lowest point being at the center, from which the slot inclines upwardly toward both eX- tremities, this front Wall of the casing being concentric with the hinge-pin, whereby all points of the slot 10 are equidistant from the pin. Furthermore, at the lower side of this double-inclined slot, thro ugh which the shank 11 of the hinge-eye gains entrance intoV the casing, is arranged a double-inclined track or guide 12, which follows the lower edge of the slot, and hence has its lowermost point at'the center of the casing and. is equidistant at all points from the hinge-pin, and mounted upon the shank of the hinge-eye contiguous to the exterior surface of the front or face of the casing, and between the same and the contiguous surface of the gate 4, is a roller'13, which traverses the track or guide 12.
Any suitable means for securing the hingeeye to the gate may be adopted, but preferably the shank 11 thereof is threaded, as shown at 14, and is screwed into the gate, the smooth portion of said shankrbeing of such diameter that the roller 13 may be passed overfthe threaded portion of the shankand haveits bearing tit snugly upon said smooth portion ofkr the shank, which thusv forms, a journal for the roller.
' From Vthe above description it will bes-een that when theV partsare assembled, as illustrated in Fig. 2, the roller 13 is guided positively between the contiguous surfaces of the gate and the front wall of the casing,`which is concentric with the hinge-pin or the axis of the swinging movement of the gate, whereby the said surface of the Vgate prevents outward and the surface of thecasing prevents inward dsplacementof the roller. The hinge eye is adapted to be turned to secure any desired relative position of the gate and face of the casing before the hinge-pin is dropped into place, and in case of lost motion due to wear the hinge-pin, after removing the casing from the j amb or post 3, may be displaced .t
and the hinge-eye turned to cause the casing and gate to approach ,each other to" sucha `distance as to prevent unnecessary vibration of the roller. Furthermore, after the proper adjustment of the parts of the hinge and the application of the casing to the jamb or post IOO the hinge-pin cannot be accidentally displaced, being held seated by the opposingupper wall of the cavity in said jamb or post.
It will be understood that when the gate is moved from its central or normal position (illustrated in Fig. l) the roller traverses the inclined track or guide, and hence elevates the gate, the eye 5 rising upon the hinge-pin l, and when the gate is released, the weight thereof being carried solely by the roller and track or guide, the gate will be swung to its normal or closed position by the descent of the roller to the lowermost point of the track or guide. Furthermore, in order to prevent the hinge-eye from being crowded inwardly toward the hinge-pin by means of the gate, and thereby possibly interferingwith the rotation of the roller by means of the cramping thereof between the gate and the face of thev casing, I preferably incline the track or guide downwardly and outwardly in cross-section and bevel the face of the roller correspondingly, whereby the tendency of the roller is to slide outwardly upon the track or guide and thus hold the gate always at the proper distance from the face of the casing.
Although I have in the disclosure of my invention shown and described the same in connection with a gate, it will be understood that its utility is not limited to this application, as the improved hinge may be used for doors, shutters, and any equivalent swinging device having a function analogous toa gate.
Various changes in the form, proportion, and the minor details of construction'maybe resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention.
Having described my invention, what I claim is- 1. In a hinge, the combination of a hingepin, a plate carrying hinge-pin seats and having a slotted face portion concentric with the hinge-pin, said plate also having a doubleinclined track or guide which is followed by the slot, a hinge-eye mounted for rotary and sliding movement upon the hinge-pin, and a roller mounted upon `the shank of the hingeeye for traversing said track or guide and arranged with its inner side in contact with the concentric face of the plate, whereby the roller is held from inward displacement by said plate, substantially as specified.
2. In a hinge, the combination of a hingepin, a slotted casing supporting the hingepin and carrying a double-inclined track or guide which declines cross-sectionally toward its outer edge or from the hinge-pin, the slotted face of the casing being concentric with thehinge-pin, a hinge-eye fitted for rotary and sliding movement upon said hinge-pin, and a roller loosely mounted upon the shank of the hinge-eye to traverse said track or guide and having a beveled periphery whereby gravity causes a normal tendency of the roller outwardly or from the hinge-pin, said roller bearing at one side against the concentric face of the casing substantially as specified.
3. In a hinge, the combination of a casing adapted t-o be secured toa jamb or post and provided with interior alined upper and lower conical seats, a hinge-pin removably iittediin said seats and provided with a head to fit in the upper seat and prevent downward displacement, said casing having its front wall concentric with thehinge-pin and being provided with a double-inclined slot of which the lowermost point is at its center, atrack or guide arranged at and following the line of the lower edge of the slot in the front wall of the casing, a hinge-eyeffitted for rotary and sliding movement upon the hinge-pin between said seats, and having a shank extended outwardly through the slot in the casing, said shank being constructed for engagement with a gate, and a roller journaled upon the shank to traverse said track or guide, su bstantially as specified.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
THOMAS J. GOODIVIN.' VVitn esses:
D. H. l-l. BERRY, W. O. CARPENTER.
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