US460533A - Repeating fire-arm - Google Patents

Repeating fire-arm Download PDF

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US460533A
US460533A US460533DA US460533A US 460533 A US460533 A US 460533A US 460533D A US460533D A US 460533DA US 460533 A US460533 A US 460533A
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barrel
cartridge
lever
hammer
magazine
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A5/00Mechanisms or systems operated by propellant charge energy for automatically opening the lock
    • F41A5/02Mechanisms or systems operated by propellant charge energy for automatically opening the lock recoil-operated
    • F41A5/16Mechanisms or systems operated by propellant charge energy for automatically opening the lock recoil-operated having a barrel moving forwardly after the firing of a shot

Description

(No Model.)
b e e h s w e e h s 5 M N 0 S I Rm R AG. Hm [Mm S n L No. 460,533. I Patented Sept. 29, 1891.
INVENTOI? v M 74 1 m BYM4M 444 ATTORNEY.
(No Model.) 5 Sheets -Shet 2.
L. S. HARRISON. REPEAT'ING FIRE ARM.
No. 460,533. Patented Sept. 29, 1891.
lll H u" "Illlll.
1 l I L WITNESSES.
$ ATTORNEY.
(No Model.)
WITNESSES 5 Sheets-Sheet 3.
L. S. HARRISON.
REPEATING FIRE ARM.
Patented Sept. 29, 1891.
INVENTOH ATTORNEY.
(No Model.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 4.
L. S. HARRISON.
REPEATING FIRE ARM.
M4 ATTORNEY.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
LEONARD S. HARRISON, OF MILLERSBURG, OHIO, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO SANFORD R. HARRISON, OE SAME PLACE, AND JAMES B. FINNEY, SAMUEL R. ROGERS, HAMILTON E. ANDREIVS, SAMPSON K. SNYDER, AND JACOB T. HART, OE PAINT VALLEY, OHIO.
REPEATING FIRE-ARM.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 460,533, dated September 29, 1891. Application filed June 10, 1890- Serial No. 354,941. (No model.)
To all whom/it may concern:
Be it known that I, LEONARD S. HARRISON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Millersburg, in the county of Holmes and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and usefulImprovementsin RepeatingFire-Arms; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which-it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
I 5 This invention relates to improvements in repeating fire-arms; and it consists in the improved combination of parts as hereinafter more fully set forth and described.
The objects of my invention are First, to provide a repeating-arm that can be brought to position quickly and be sighted by either eye without inclining the head any to the right side for the right eye and but slightly for the left eye. This object is attained by providing the piece with a buttstock inclined obliquely to the right as it extends backward from the breech of the piece.
Secondly, to prevent the knuckles of the right hand from being injured by the trigger- 0 guard, by providing a saddle or hand-brace which is made fast to the top of the breechstock at a convenient point, and so shaped as to fit between the thumb and forefinger of the right hand.
5 Thirdly, to provide means whereby the elbow can be elevated to a level with the shoulder, this object being attained by the employment of a trigger and palm-grip, the trigger located slightly to the right of the 0 under side of the butt-stock and the palmgrip on the right side thereof, thus providing means for grasping quickly without twisting or cramping thewrist, thereby also preventing any trembling or shaking of the right arm of the shooter by reason of a strained or cramped condition of the muscles of the hand, wrist, or forearm.
Fourthly, (a) to provide means for conveniently carrying a large number of cartridges in the butt-stock of the piece ready for use, the object being attained by the novel arrangement of a double magazine located in the butt-stock of the piece; (1)) adapting the device, by means of this arrangement of a double magazine, as a single loader; (c) when the piece is not in use, allowing for one cartridge in the breech of the barrel, one in the right-hand pocket, and from four to eight (according to the length of the cartridges) in the lower compartment of the double magazine, all of which can, by inverting the piece and manipulating a cord and partition-slide, be quickly dropped into the upper magazine ready for use after the coiled spring has been rested by occupying the entire length of the 6g upper magazine when not in use, and (d) to make it convenient to fill both the upper magazine and the lower or sub magazine (without manipulating the cord or partitionslide referred to) by simply opening the slide- 70.
cover and forcing the cartridges downward onto the long coiled spring in the upper magazinc and the short coiled spring in the submagazine.
Fifthly, to provide a lock covered with a cap and located within the receiver of the piece, whereby I perfect a combination of but few parts, which can be taken apart and replaced quickly without the use of screwdriver or lock-spring vise. 8o
Sixthly, to provide means for effectually excluding rain, dirt, falling twigs or leaves,
- &c., from the hammer-slot by the employment of a fixed hammer-cap and a movable hammer-cap, thereby insuring against any interruptions in the perfect working of the piece. Seventhly, to provide against the cutting away of a portion of the rim of the cartridge,
(thus leaving the exploded cartridge-shell to stick in the breech of a piece, causing con-.90 siderable trouble, as sometimes happens with knife-blade, harpoon, and similarly-constructed ejectors,) this object being attained by the employment of a novel cartridge-guiding wheel engaging the entire rim of the cartridge, and which, therefore, cannot slip over or cut away a portion of the rim of the can tridge.
Eighthly, to provide a barrel which shall be safe and strong at the breech and not weakened by slots as employed in knife-blade or harpoon like ejectors or cut-aways to accommodate movable breech-blocks, as heretofore in use, and to attain this object I provide a direct forward and backward sliding barrel, (operated and constructed as hereinafter described,) in combination with a cartridgeguiding disk, all bearing firmly against a solid and permanently fixed to a steel breechfridges to a position to be fired'and the empty shells in position to be expelled from the lefthand pocket of the piece by the employment of a guide-disk which is rotated by a shuttle mechanism, which will be hereinafter more fully described.
A further object is to provide against the to like parts throughout the several views.
accidental discharge of the piece before the safety-block on the under lever is in position by the employment of a small safety-ratchet,
, which engages the wheel-shaft until said safety-ratchet will become disengaged by the breech of the barrel bearing against the Wheel-shaft, which latter has slight longitudinal play.
A still further object is to produce a gun more rapid and certain in its action, stronger in those mechanisms which in arms of this character are commonly of a delicate character, and containing fewer parts than those heretofore made and capable of the same action or result, and also almost entirely dispensing with pivot-pins,bolts, and the like.
The above, with some minor objects, which will be hereinafter understood, constitute, substantially, the objects of my invention.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a side elevation of a gun embodying my improvements. Fig. 2 is a plan view. Fig. 3 is an elevation of the opposite side to Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a detail view of the cooking mechanism. Fig. 5 is a side elevation with the wall of the receiver removed. Fig. 6 is an elevation of the inner side of the removable wall of the receiver. Fig. 7 is a detail illustrating a perspective and edge View of the ejector' attachment for the barrel. Fig. 8 is a detail perspective view of the ham mer-ratchet. Fig. 9 is a detail perspective of the hammer. Fig. 10 illustrates details in different positions of the shuttle and shuttle-box. Fig. 11 is a detail ,of the shuttle-lever. Fig. 12 is a detail of the cocking-lever. Fig. 13 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view. Fig. let is a plan view of 'the under operating-lever. Figs. 15
and 16 are elevations of different sides of the cartridge-guiding disk. Fig. 17 is a longitudinal sectional view showing the safety spring-pawl. Fig. 18 is a cross-sectional view on line a: m, Fig. 13. Fig. 19 is a detail view of the end of the lever, showing the means for retaining the same in position. Fig. 20
is a perspective view of the heel-plate, show-' ing the hinged lid or cover thereof out of engagement. Fig. 21 is a longitudinal sectional view of the gun-stock, the springs in the upper and lower magazines compressed to their full extent. Fig. 22 is a detail view of the movable hammer-cap. I Fig. 23 is a longitudinal section of the stock, showing the coils of the springs in the upper and lower magazine expanded, so as to illustrate clearly the rodI in the upper magazine. Fig. 24 is a longitudinal section with the cartridges and springs removed from the upper and lower magazines, showing the gun-barrel against the breech, with cartridge in said barrel and in the pocket Q; and Fig. 25 is a similar view showing the barrel moved longitudinally from the breech, in which position a cartridge extends into line with the bore of the barrel, as illustrated in dotted lines, while the cartridge-pocket Q is empty.
Like letters and figures of reference refer Referring to the drawings, the letter A indicates the stock, and B the barrel, of the piece.
For the sake of convenience I will first proceed to describe in detail the stock portion.
The upper surface of the stock, to the rear of the hammer, is provided with a saddle or hand-brace C,'which is made fast to said stock, and is so shaped, as clearly indicated in the drawings, as to fit between the thumb and forefinger of the right hand. This saddle or hand-brace has the effect of preventing the knuckles of the right hand from becoming injured by the trigger-guard.
Projecting laterally from the right-hand side of the stock is a convex projection or grip D, which is made to conform to the shape or contour of the palm of the hand.
This permits the elbow to be elevated to a level with the shoulder, which, as is well understood by those familiar with the use of fire-arms, is an important desideratum. It furthermore enables the trigger and palmgrip to be grasped quickly without twisting or cramping the wrist, thereby also preventing any trembling or shaking of the right arm, as fully set forth in the third object of the invention.
The interior of the stock upon the right side is formed into a longitudinal chamber a,
which is again subdivided into upper and lower compartments by means of a slide E, the rear end thereof passing through a transverse slot f in the heel-plate F and provided with a wire bail e, which, when the slide isin its normal position, is adapted to rest in a recess f.
The extreme rear end of the lower or sub magazine has disposed therein a block G, which forms a seat or bearing for the end of a small spring H, which serves the function of holding the cartridges firm in the magazine and preventing the same from rattling- The upper magazine has also disposed therein a coiled spring I, which is considerably longer than spring H, its rear end being secured to the heel-plate. This spring acts against the cartridges and forces the same forward into proper position, as hereinafter more fully explained. Secured to this spring is a cord J, which passes through an aperture f in the heel-plate and is provided upon its free end with a split bell-shaped attachment K, which normally fits into a corresponding depression f in the heel-plate. This serves the function of effecting the refilling of the upper magazine after the cartridges therein have become exhausted. This is accomplished by simply pulling out the slide and then contracting the coiled spring I by a pull upon the cord, which as it is drawn outis allowed to seat itself in a longitudinal slot or recess a in the stock. When the spring has been compressed to its full extent, the free end of the cord is held in position against the stock by the thumb, when of course the piece ma Y be readily inverted after first pulling out the slide, and the cartridges contained in the lower magazine will drop into the upper magazine. The slide is then reinserted and the gun brought back to proper positlon. The cord may then be released, and as the tension of the spring is gradually diminished by the exit of the cartridges from the upper magazine the bell shaped attachment K is drawn down into the side groove a and by reason of said attachment being split the wings thereof exert a lateral pressure against the sides of the groove, and thus always serve to hold the cord taut.
Access is gained to the magazine-chamber by means of a slide L, which covers an opening said slide being secured in position by means of a spring-bolt M, located in front of the trigger. Of course after the upper magazine has been filled, as above pointed out, the spring located therein constantly exerts a pressure upon the cartridges, so as to force them from the magazine at the proper time.
The heel-plate F, it will be observed, is provided at its upper end with an inwardly-extending lug f which is provided with a downwardly-bent end fitting into an appropriate socket in the stock. As an additional means for attaching the same, I provide an inwardly-extending lug j, which passes into the stock, and said ing is provided with an aperture f", which receives a transverse pin or bolt. (Not shown.) The heel-plate is furthermore provided with a hinged cover N, which serves toprotect the exposed parts, said lid being provided with a socket n to receive a spring-actuated bolt 0, working in the top of the heel-plate. Upon the right-hand side of the receiver of the barrel 1 also provide an opening I), having a slide P working in suitable grooves or ways, which when drawn out gives access to a cartridgepocket Q.
Upon the left-hand side of the piece is located the lock mechanism, which is shown clearly in Figs. 4 and 5 of the drawings.
The trigger-is indicated by the letter R, which, as will be noticed, is located slightly to the right of the under side of the butt-stock. The trigger is adapted to engage a vertical sear-ratchet S, said sear being provided. with lower and central rearwardly-extending teeth 3 3, (see Fig. 8,) the former adapted to be engaged by the trigger and the latter by a fiat spring T, which has the function of forcing the sear back to its normal position after hein g drawn down and released by the trigger. The ratchet is also widened at its upper endto form a reenforced surface, said widened portion forming a shoulder 8 The hammer, indicated by the letter U, works in the left-hand side of the receiver and is provided at its lower end with an inwardly-extending lug a, which fits in an appropriate socket therefor in the receiver, thus forming the pivotal connection of the hammer. Above this lug is located an L-shaped slot a. The upper rear edge of the hammer has extending therefrom a hooked lug a, which is adapted to engage the upper re-enforced or widened portion of the vertical searratchet S, and thus cook the piece.
The upper end of the hammer is capped by a fixed piece V, having its under side concaved, the projecting sides of the concavity fitting snugly and sliding readily over the contiguous portion of the receiver, said fixed cap being provided with a suitable fingerpiece '0 for readily manipulating the same. Above this fixed cap is located a movable cap YV, which is provided with a slotted side flange w for securing the same to the breech and has its forward end fitting into a recess therefor in the forward end of a transverse recess Z) in the breech, the right-hand side of this recess, which carries the plunger-spring, being filled in by a laterally-extending arm 10 from the cap. By the employment of these two caps I am enabled to effectually prevent rain, dirt, falling twigs, leaves, or other obstructions entering the hammer-slot and thus clogging the working parts.
Fig. 6 of the drawings illustrates the removable side wall X. This wall is of the peculiar and irregular form shown and is so shaped upon its inner side as to fit accurately the receiver and stock of the piece, while its upper end is overlapped by the projecting edge of the receiver and the projecting portion of the corresponding side of the fixed cap of the hammer. It is provided with an opening x, which extends inwardly at an oblique slant for a portion of its length, and from the termination of the obliquity its course is deflected so as to be parallel with the direction of a straight depression or groove b in the IIO the cup-shaped ejector.
forestock, thus forming a chamber through which the empty shells are ejected, as hereinafter explained. It will thus be seen that the main object of capping the ej ector-pocket b is to hold the shells in a position parallel with the barrel until they reach a position to be expelled from the ejector by the action of The rear end of the removable wall is provided with an elongated slot at, through which a swivel-pin Y passes, said pin having a projecting head which may be turned at right.
angles to the slot and serve'to'secure this portion'of the wall in position. The wall at this end is furthermore provided upon its inner surface with a cut-away portion x upon which the sear is seated, the upper shoulder of said sear normally bearing against the end shoulder formed by the cut-away.
The hammer-spring is indicated by the letter Z and has its forward end arranged in a chamber a within the forestock, a set-screw A passing into the chamber and bearing against the spring, so as to regulate its tension. The rear end of the springis provided with an extension at right angles, which is forestock.
fitted into the L-shaped slot of the hammer.
Passing through the upper portion of a solid permanently-fixed steel breech-block Z is a firing-pin B. This firing-pin transmits the blow of the hammer to the priming of the cartridge and is pressed back by the plunger spring 0 after the delivery of the blow.
As shown in the drawings, the cartridgeguiding disk E is provided with a series of cartridge-apertures e, and when the piece is ready for firing the uppermost aperture should be provided with a-cartridge, which enters the bore of the barrel, while the right-hand aperture should also carry a cartridge projectinginto the right-hand pocket Q of the After the cartridge held in the uppermost aperture has been acted upon the wheel is then rotated in the manner hereinafter pointed out until the aperture containing said shell registers with the left-hand ejector-opening $11 It will be seen that the periphery of the disk is provided with a series of notches or cogs e which are adapted to be engaged by a spring I, secured in the depression 11: of the lock-plate. This spring not only has the effect of steadying the disk during its rotation, but, furthermore, by engagement with one of the notches, prevents the disk from turning too far, thus bringing it in proper alignment with the ej ector-pocket.
To revert to the removable wall of the receiver, it is of course apparent that in order to providea suitable adjustment and fit thereof to the receiver it is necessary that numerous depressions or pockets should be formed therein. These are clearly shown in Fig. 6, and, in addition to those already referred to, a transverse recess 50 is formed for the disk, while a pocket 00 is formed to receive a bearing lug or shoulder 19 of the forestock. Furthermore, an inwardly-extending pivot-pin m is provided, which fits into a socket n in the vhammer, thus providing means for retaining said hammer in its proper position.
The gun-barrel is provided upon its under side with a cogged rib J integral therewith,
hammer-lever M, the rear curved end of said lever in turn acting against the curved surface of the hammer and forcing the same back, so as to cook the piece when the barrel is moved forward to its full extent.
The forward end of the operating-lever K is formed into afinger-piece k providedwith an aperture which is engaged by one arm of a spring-actuated approximately- U -shaped device Milocated in a cavity b upon the under side of the barrel. The longer arm of this locking-piece is provided with a thumb-piece m, which, when pressed upon, overcomes the action of the spring and presses the lock inwardly, so as to release the bolt from the socket, when of course the lever is free to be operated.
Pivotally secured to the upper side of the "operating-lever, by means of links N N, is a safety-block O, which, by being so pivoted, has a slight play longitudinally and-laterally. This block, when the barrel is in position for firing,.passes through the barrel-support rib and into a depression j of the cogged rib, thus securely holding the barrel in position for firing.
It will be noticed that the forward end of the cogs upon the cogged rib J is much wider than the others, and that also the space between the corresponding teeth of the engaging segment is correspondingly widened. This construction is made necessary in order to first release the safety-block from the depression, so as to prevent any binding of the same within the recess.
The inner side of the segmental rack of the lever is provided with a lug It", the contacting face of which is curved.
Disposed within the forestock, below the barrel, is a shuttle-lever P, which is shown clearly in the detail view Fig. 11 of the drawings, said shuttle-lever having two arms 13 19 formed at its forward end, the upper arm 19 resting against a seat or flange formed in the forestock upon the right of the segmentrack, and arm 19 extending downwardly, so as to be engaged by the lug 10 0f the segment.
The inner end of this shuttle-lever engages a pocket (1 of a shuttle-box Q, said shuttle-box having its upper surface convex, so that after the same is elevated by the action of the lever,
and when the barrel is subsequently being drawn back against the breech, the rib thereof will ride this incline, and thus force the shuttle-box to its normal position.
Pivotally secured to the rear face of the shuttle-box is a cartridge-engaging lever B, the upper edge thereof being concave, so as to conform to the shape of the cartridge, as indicated at 0", while extending from the lefthand side is an arm 7", which is pivoted by means of a spring-pin S in the bearing lug or shoulder b before referred to. (See Fig. 18.) It is of course obvious that, if preferred, the shuttle-box and cartridge-engaging lever may be made integral without interfering with the working of the device.
Fig. 7 is a detail view of the cartridge-ejecting cup T, which is made of cup-shaped form, so that in case the lead filling of the cartridge should from any reason reach the ej ector-opening the same would be accurately engaged. This cartridge-cup is also provided with arms t 15, arranged at right angles, arm '6 engaging a depression in the left-hand side of the under rib of the barrel and receiving a transverse pin U, while arm 26 bears against the end of the rib and is provided with a forwardly-extending pin t which enters said rib.
The above being the construction of my invention, its operation is as follows: The magazines are first filled with cartridges in the manner previously described, so that two cartridges will extend through the openings in the cartridge-carrying disk, one registering with the cartridge-pocket Q and the other registering with the firing-pin. The hammer is then cooked and the piece ready for firing. As the trigger is pulled the hammer is brought into contact with the tiring-pin and the cartridge discharged. After this all that is necessary to be done is to manipulate the operating-lever, and as the barrel is moved outwardly, as previously explained, the shuttle is made to engage the cartridge within the cartridge-pocket, and this of course partly rotates the cartridge-guiding disk until said cartridge registers with the firing-pin. Of course, when this occurs the cartridge-pocket Q is open and another cartridge is forced therein from the upper magazine. It is also apparent that the shell of the exploded cartridge, as the disk is rotated, is simultaneously carried to the ejector-opening, ready to be discharged. After the barrel has moved forward a certain distance one of the lugs upon the segment of the operating-lever engages the hammer-lever and, forcingthe rear end thereof against the hammer, cooks the same ready for the next discharge. The barrel is now brought back against the solid breech-block and is ready for firing. \Vhen thus brought back, the cup-shaped cartridgeejector engages the spent cartridge or the cartridge-ball, as may be the case, and forces the same through the ejector-opening.
It will thus be seen that my device is not only exceedingly simple for devices of this character, but, furthermore, is almost entirely automatic in its operation, as the proper position of the cartridges, the ejection of the spent cartridges, and the cocking and setting of the safety-ratchet are alone dependent upon the working of the operating-lever.
Another feature of myinvention I will now proceed to describe.
It is obvious from the foregoing description that when the operating-lever is manipulated so as to move the barrel forward the hammerorcocking-lever does notbear against the hammer until the shouldered enlargement 7t of the segment engages the forward end of said lever, and which does not take place until the barrel has moved some distance longitudinally. It is evident that until this engagement, if the hammer should be drawn. back and a pull given to the trigger, the firing-pin would be struck by the hammer and thus cause the premature discharge of the piece before the barrel is fully brought back against the breech. This would cause irreparable injury. It is to guard against this, therefore, that I have adopted the construction illustrated in Fig. 17. This consists of a centrally-pivoted pawl or dog \V, having its lower end engaging the sear-hammer and its upper end pressed against the rear end of the wheel-shaft by a spring 1. It is obvious that from this arrangement so long as the sear-ratchet is engaged by the lower end of this safety-dog it is impossible for said ratchet to be drawn down and the hammer released. As soon, however, as the breech of the barrel is brought back to its full extent and bears against the wheel-shaft y, the latter, by reason of its longitudinal play, will bear against the upper end of the safety-pawl, and, overcoming the pressure of the spring, force the upper end of said pawl rearwardly out of engagement with the wheel shaft and consequently the lower end forwardly out of engagement with the searratchet. The latter is then free to be' drawn down by the action of thetrigger and provide for the release of the hammer.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-
1. In a gun, t-hecombination ofa barreland a butt-stock located to one side of said barrel and inclining obliquely and downwardly from its extreme forward end to its extreme rear end,'substantially as set forth.
2. The combination, with a guustock, of a saddle or haud-brace located upon the upper edge of the buttstock, so shaped as to lit between the thumb and forefinger of the right hand, substantially as set forth.
The combination, with a gunstock, of a saddle or hand-brace so shaped as to fit between the thumb and forefinger of the right hand, and a lateral palm-grip secured to the stock, substantially as set forth.
4. In a gun, the combination, with a stock ICO ITO
provided with a longitudinal chamber or magazine, said chamber provided with a cartridgeopening at its'forward end, of a partition-v provided with a longitudinal chamber or magazine, a partition-slide working through a slot in the heel-plate of the butt and dividing said magazine into upper an d lower compartments, a spring secured to the heel-plate and located in the upper magazine, a block in the lower magazine, and a short spring secured thereto, substantially as set forth.
6. In a gun, the combination of a stock provided with a longitudinal chamber, a partition-slide dividing said chamber into upper and lower compartments, a spring within the upper compartment, a heel-plate, a cord secured to the spring and passing through an aperture of the heel-plate, a split-ball-shaped attachment secured to the free end of said cord and adapted normally to rest in a correspondingly-shaped depression in the heelplate, and a bail or finger-piece secured to the rear end of the slide, substantially as set forth.
7. In a gun, the combination, with the stock, of a heel-plate provided at its upper endwith an inwardly-extending arm having bent end to engage the stock, and also provided near its lower portion with an inwardly-extending arm which enters the stock, and a transverse bolt passing through said stock and lower arm, substantially as set forth.
8. In a gun, the combination of the stock having a longitudinal chamber or magazine, a partition slide, a removable heel-plate provided with a transverse slot through which the slide works, a spring within the upper magazine, a cord secured to said spring and passing through an aperture in the heel-plate, a split-ball-shaped attachment secured to said cord and normally resting in a correspondingly-shaped recess in the heel-plate, and a hinged cover for the heel-plate, substantially as set forth. v
9. In a gun, the combination, with the stock thereof, of a removable heel-plate having a spring-actuated bolt in the upper end, and a cover for said heel-plate provided with a re cess for the reception of said bolt, substantially as set forth.
10.. In a gun, the combination of the forestock thereof, formed or provided with a solid breech-block, a firing-pin passing through said breech-block, a transverse plunger-sprin g working in a recess in the rear of the breechblock and adapted to engage said firing-pin, a hammer, and a removable cap for said hammer, said cap provided with a lateral extension adapted to fill the depression of the breech-block and to protect the spring therein, substantially as set forth. v
11. In a gun, the combination of a stock provided with a magazine-chambertherein having a forward opening, a receiver provided with an ej ector-opening, a rotatable cartridgecarrying disk located in front of the breechblock of the piece and provided with a series of apertures registering in turn with the forward opening of the magazine, the bore of the gun -barrel, and with the ejectoropening, a longitudinally-moving barrel, means for partly rotating the disk as the barrel is moved forward, so as to carry the unused cartridge to the bore of the barrel and the spent cartridge. to the ejector-opening, and means for ejecting the spent cartridge, setting the hammer, and introducing a new cartridge into the opening of the disk registering with the magazine-chamber as the barrel is moved back against the breech, substantially as set forth;
12. In a gun, the combination, with the forestock thereof, formed or provided with a solid breech-block, of a cartridge-carrying disk located in front of said breech-block, and a shaft therefor passing through the breechblock, said shaft and disk having a slight longitudinal play, substantially as set forth.-
l3. In a gun, the combination, with a longitudinally-moving barrel, of a stock and forestock, the latter having formed therein upon one side an ej ector-openin g, and a cup-shaped ejector secured to the under rib of the barrel, substantially as set forth.
14. In a gun, the combination of a cartridgeguiding disk located in front of the breechblock, a barrel provided with a cogged under rib, an operating-lever pivoted at its rear end and provided with a segmental rack engaging said rib, said rack also provided upon its inner face with a lug, and a pivoted shuttle provided with a socket anda shuttle-lever having its inner end engaging the socket and its forward end terminating in two arms, the upper arm engaged by the lug of the segment and the lower arm resting upona seat in the forestock, substantially as set forth.
15. In a gun, the combination of a cartridgeguiding disk located in front of the breechblock of the piece, a barrel provided with a cogged under rib and operating-lever pivoted at its rear end and provided with a segmental rack engaging said rib, said rack also provided upon its inner face with a lug, a pivoted shuttle, a shuttle-box pivoted to said shuttle, and a shuttle-lever having its inner end engaging the shuttle-box and its outer end engaged by the lug of the segment as the lever is operated, substantially as set fort-h.
16. In a gun, the combination of a cartridge-guiding disk located in front of the breech-block of the piece, a barrel provided with a cogged under rib, an operating-lever pivoted at its rear end and provided with a segmental rack engaging the rib, said rack provided upon its outer side with a lug, a
forestock, a hammer, and a hammer-lever located within the forestock and engaged by the lug of the segment as the lever is operated, substantially asset forth.
, barrel, said lever provided 17. In a gun, the combination of a car tridge :guiding disk located in front of the breech-block, a barrel provided with a cogged under rib, a forestock, an operating-lever pivoted at its rear end and provided with a segmental rack engaging the cogged rib on the upon opposite sides with lugs, a pivoted shuttle provided with a socket, a shuttle-lever having its inner end entering said socket and its outer end arranged within the forestock and engaged by the inner lug of the segment, a ham mer, and a ha1n1nerlever engaged by the outer lug of the segment as the lever is operated, substantially as set forth.
18. In a gun, the combination of a stock having a longitudinal chamber or magazine therein, an aperture in its butt, and an outer longitudinal recess or slot, a spring located within the magazine, a cord secured to said spring and passing through the aperture in the butt, and a split ball-shaped attachment secured to the free end of the cord and working within the outer longitudinal recess, substantially as set forth.
19. In a gun, the combination of a sear provided with rearward extensions, atrigger engaging the lower extension thereof, a spring acting upon the upper extension, and a hammer provided upon its rear edge with a notch for engagement with the upper end of the sear, substantially as set forth.
20. In a gun, the combination of a hammer, a fixed cap secured thereto, and a removable cover located above the fixed cap of thehammer, substantially as set forth.
21. In a gun, the combination of the receiver having outstanding or flanged edges, a hammer arranged within the receiver, said hammer provided with a cap having depending flanges, and a removable wall fitting beneath the outstanding or flanged edges of the receiver and beneath the depending flanges of the hammer-cap, substantially as set forth.
22. In a gun, the combination of the receiver provided with a pin depression, a hammer within said receiver provided with an inwardly-extending pivot-pin fitting in said pin depression, and also provided upon its opposite side with a depression, and a removable wall for the receiver provided with an inwardly-extending pin which engages the depression or recess of the hammer, substantially as set forth.
23. In agun, the combination of a receiver, a removable wall for said receiver provided upon its inner surface with a lug or projection, a sear provided at its upper end with a shoulder which engages the lug or projection of the removable wall, and also provided with rearward extensions, a trigger engaging the lower extension thereof, a spring acting upon the upper extension, and a hammer provided upon its rear edge with a notch for engagement With the upper end of the sear, substantially as set forth.
24:. In a gun, the combination of a stock having acartridge-rilagazine therein provided with a forward opening, rotatable cartridgecarrying disk located in front of the breechblock of the piece, said disk provided with a series of cartridge-apertures which register with the forward opening of the magazine and with the breech of the gun-barrel, and means for partly rotating said disk, substantially as set forth.
25. In a gun, the combination of a stock provided with a magazine-chamber therein having a forward opening, a receiver provided with an ejector-opening, a rotatable cartridge-carryingdisk located in front of the breech-block of the piece and provided with a series of apertures which register with the forward opening of the magazine, the bore of the gun-barrel, and with the ejectoropening, and means for partly rotating the disk, substantially as set forth.
26. In a gun, the combination, with a rotatable cartridgeearrying disk having its periphery formed with notches, of a receiver and a removable wall for the receiver, said wall having a recess formed or provided with a spring constructed to bear upon the periphery of the disk and to engage the notches thereof, substantially as set forth.
27. In a gun, the combination of the stock having a longitudinal magazine therein, said magazine having a forward cartridge-opening, a spring within said magazine, a receiver provided upon one side with an ejectoropening and upon the opposite side with a cartridge-pocket registering with the forward opening of the magazine, a rotatable cartridge-carrying disk provided with apertures registering with the magazine'opening and cartridge-pocket, with the breech of the barrel, and with the ejectoropening, and means for partly rotating the disk, substantially as set forth.
28. In a gun, the combination of a longitudinally-moving barrel, a stock and forestock, the latter provided with a concavity conforming to the shape of a cartridge and extending parallel with the barrel, a removable wall for the forestock having a cartridgeopening therein terminating upon the inner side in a concavity which is obliquely arranged at its outer end and parallel with the barrel, where it registers with the concavity of the forestock, and a cup-shaped ejector secured to the end of the barrel, said ejector engaging the cartridge and forcing the same through the opening when the barrel is brought back against the breech-block, substantially as set forth.
29. In a gun,the combination of a receiver provided with an ejector-opening, a longitudinally-moving barrel, and a cup-shaped ejector secured to the inner end thereof, said ejector engaging the cartridge and forcing the same through the ejector-opening when the barrel is brought back against the breechblock, substantially as set forth.
30. In a gun, the combination, with the bar- IIO IIS
IZO
rel provided upon its under side with a series of'cogs and with a recess, of an operating-lever having its rear end pivoted and provided with a segmental rack engaging the cogs of the barrel, and a block pivoted to the upper edge of the lever and normally fitting the recess of the barrel, substantially as set forth.
31. In a gun, the combination, with the barrel provided with a recess and also with a series ofcogs, the forward cog being wider than the others, of an operating-lever having its rear end pivoted and provided with a segmental rack, the space between the teeth thereof which registers with the widened cog of the rack being also widened, a block having its opposite sides concave and normally fitting the recess of the barrel, and links pivotally connecting the block to the lever, substantially as set forth.
. 32. In a gun, the combination, with the stock, said stock provided with a magazine having an aperture in itsforward end, of a receiver provided with a cartridge-pocket registering with the opening of the magazine, a rotatable cartridge-carrying disk located in front of the breech-block of the piece and provided with a series of apertures registering with the cartridge-opening of the magazine and with the bore of the barrel, and means for partly rotating the disk, substantially as set forth.
33. In agun, the combination of a cartridgeguiding disk located in front of the breechblock of the piece, a barrel having its under side cogged, an operating lever having its rear end pivoted and provided with a segmental raok adapted to engage the cogs of the barrel, and also provided upon its inner face with a lug, a forestock, a shuttle pivoted within said forestock and provided with a socket, and a sh little-lever. having its inner end engaging the socket and its outer endengaged by the lug of the segmental rack, substantially as set forth.
34. In a gun, the combination of a longitudinally-moving barrel, a receiver, stock, and forestock, the latter having a bearing-lug formed therein, a cartridge-guiding disk located in front of the breech-block of the piece, a shuttle within the forestock for engaging the cartridges carried by the disk and partly rotating said disk, said shuttle provided with a laterally-extending arm having its end pivoted in the bearing-lug, means for actuating the shuttle, and a removable wall for the receiver and forestock, formed with depressions to receive the bearing-lug and periphery ot' the disk, substantially as set forth.
35. In a gun, the combination of a longitudinally-moving barrel, a breech-block, a cartridge-carrying disk located in front of said breech-block, said disk provided with a shaft passing through. the breech-block, a hammer, a scar, and a centrally-pivoted safety-ratchet having its lower end engaging the scar and having a spring-pressed upper end bearing against the wheel-shaft, substantially as set forth.
36. In a gun, thecombination of a stock provided with a fixed breech-block, a longitudinally-moving barrel, the breech end thereof closing against the fixed breech-block, said barrel provided upon its under side with a recess, an operating-lever having its rear end pivoted to the barrel, and a safety-block pivoted to the operating-lever and normally fitting in the recess of the barrel, substantially as set forth.
37. In agun,the combination of a cartridgeguiding disk located in front of the breechblock, a forestock, a pivoted shuttle within said forestock engaging the cartrid ge-guidin g disk, said shuttle having its upper surface convex, a longitudinally-moving barrel, the under rib thereof engaging the convex surface of the shuttle as the barrel is moved backward, whereby said shuttle is depressed after engagementwith one of the cartridges of the disk, and means for raising the shuttle on the forward movement of the barrel, substantially as set forth. 7
38. In a gun, the combination of a barrel havinga depending lug, a spring-actuated approximately U-shaped locking device within the cavity of said lug, having its longer arm provided with a finger-piece, and an operatin g-lever pivoted at its rear end between lugs depending from the forestock and provided upon its opposite end with a looped fingerpiece having a socket which the short arm of the spring-actuated locking device engages, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
' LEONARD S. HARRISON.
Witnesses:
ARTHUR L. MORSELL', J. F. BANCROFT.
ICO
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2901854A (en) * 1956-06-18 1959-09-01 Jessie T Ivy Thumb, face, and eye guard attachment for rifles
US3183615A (en) * 1963-11-08 1965-05-18 Richard V Hirsch Slide barrel lever action rifle and the like
US3402499A (en) * 1967-06-14 1968-09-24 Louis A. Florek Gunstock with its butt portion laterally offset from the barrel axis

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2901854A (en) * 1956-06-18 1959-09-01 Jessie T Ivy Thumb, face, and eye guard attachment for rifles
US3183615A (en) * 1963-11-08 1965-05-18 Richard V Hirsch Slide barrel lever action rifle and the like
US3402499A (en) * 1967-06-14 1968-09-24 Louis A. Florek Gunstock with its butt portion laterally offset from the barrel axis

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