US4506A - Dentist s turw-key - Google Patents

Dentist s turw-key Download PDF

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US4506A
US4506A US4506A US 4506 A US4506 A US 4506A US 4506 A US4506 A US 4506A
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inch
tenon
shank
spindle
sixteenths
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C3/00Dental tools or instruments

Description

r srafrns PATENT OFFICE' HIRAM TODD, OF' COLUMBUS7 OHIO.

DENTIs'rs TURN-KEY.

Specification of LettersPatent No. 4,506, dated May 9, 1846.

To all whom t may concern Be it known that I, HIRAM ToDD, of the city of Columbus, in the county of Franklin and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Improvement in an Instrument called t-he Cylinder Turn-Key for Extracting Teeth, of which the following is a full and exact description.

My instrument consists of eight principal parts, besides the rivets and screws, which fasten them together.

The entire instrument is represented in the accompanying drawing; Figure No. l. Each part is represented in the same drawing, and described and designated as follows:

First. The shank (Fig. 2,) is six inches in length; B, is a tenon one quarter of 'an inch square, at the shoulder D, and three sixteenths at the end C., where it is perforated with a hole to admit the screw (No. 10, L,) which fastens the handle B, to the shank-this tenon which thus enters the handle, is five eighths of an inch long. The shank at E, is about half an inch in diameter, and may be round or octagonal. At H, on the upper side of the shank, one inch from D, at H., a piece is cut out one eighth of an inch deep, and an inch and one eighth in length, to admit the lever (No. 3, D,) hereafter described-a hole is made three sixteenths of an inch from H, at O, for the purpose of riveting or screwing the said lever to the shank. At I, two and a quarter inches from shoulder D., the shank is bent up at an obtuse angle or obliquely as in the figure five eighths of an inch to J, it is again bent at right angles, and continues nearly in the same perpendicular plane, with the first part of the shank, two inches and three eighths from L, to N., as represented in the figure. The part of the shank last described is round and is three eighths of an inch in diameter. The shank from L, to N., is perforated with a round hole, three sixteenths of an inch in diameter and is called the cylinder, and two inches and three eighths in length. On the underside of the cylinder is a solid branch (0.,) upon which is a square tenon P., three sixteenths of an inch in diameter, and seven sixteenths longupon the side of this tenon is the small spring Q., projecting with a catch beyond the end as in the figure; this spring is to hold the hook and bolster in their place, and to allow the hook to be taken olf and rerFhis tenon P, is exactly parallel with the cylinder, and from the center of the. tenon to the center of t-he cylinder, the distance is about three eighths of an inch, so that the axis of t-he tenon P., and the axis ofthe straight part of the shank, near the handle, are 'in one and the same straight line, (see Fig. No. 2.) Y

Fig. No. 3, D, represents the lever, which is of a T. shape, and about an inch and an eighth in length, andan eighth of an inch thick, and ts the space cut out of the shank at H, as above described, the arms are curved as in the drawing No. 8, C, C., they should be about aninch in length measuring from E, to F, and one fourth of an inch thick, so that shoulders may project an eighth of an inch on the under side as in Fig. 4, A, A, to prevent the rack and pinion hereafter described from being thrown out ofgear. At the extreme end at D, of the lever, (see Fig. No. 3, D,) at nearly right angles v to the upper side is a segment of a cog wheel with four teeth projecting upwards from the sur-v and fastened by means of the screw (No. l0,

L,) as represented in the Fig. No. l.

The spindle or arbor is represented by Fig. No. 5, L, and is straight and about three inches and one fourth in length, and at B, has a shoulder three eighths of an inch in diameter, and one eighth in length and a square tenon at C, three sixteenths `of an inch in diameter and about one eighth of an inch in length and a round tenon D, three sixteenths of an inch long, and one eighth of an inch in diameter. The spindle from the shoulder B, to S, is three sixteenths of an inch in diameter and this part of it is about two and three fourth inches long and enters the hollow cylinder at N, (Fig. No. 2, A and passes through to L, and revolves in the cylinder as hereafter described. Upon the end S, of the spindle after it passes through the cylinder is placed the socket as represented in Fig. No. 6, H, the socket is three eighths of an inch in diameter, and

about five sixteenths of an inch in length,

upon the under side of this socket is a segment of a cog wheel projecting downwards three sixteenths of an inch, having three teeth of the same size of those of the lever before described and there fit and play in the teeth of the lever, and thus form what T call the rack and pinion, this socket is riveted yfirmly upon the spindle upon which it is fitted andV fits closely to the end of the cylinder at L, thus forming a shoulder or close joint as in Fig. No. l. Then the socket is riveted to the spindle, the tenon C, must stand diamond shape, (that is,) an angle of the tenon must be in the plane perpendicular to the upper side of the shank as in Fig. No. l.

The hook is represented in the drawing No. 9, K., and is like the hook of the common turnkey except the hole A, Which is square and exactly fits upon tenon C, of spindle, Fig. No. 5, L, (see Fig. No. l, K.)

The bolster is represented in the drawing by Figs. No. 7, J, which presents the side, and by No. 8, J., which presents the end. The bolster is of an oval shape as in the figure, seven sixteenths of an inch long, about one half of an inch thick in the center, and about half an inch deep from D, to E. B, is a part of the bolster, about three eighths of an inch in diameter, and about three sixteenths long, and is round, with a hole just of the size to admit the end D, of the spindle before described. The bolster has a square hole entirely through it, as represented by A, in No. 8, J., and the round hole B, as seen in the same figure; these holes from center to center, are about three eighths of an inch apart, and the square one of the exact size of the tenon P, of the shank, and the round one of the same size as the end D, of the spindle, and the bolster thus fits upon the shank after the spindle is inserted in the cylinder, as seen in the drawing, Fig. No. l, and is fastened by the spring upon the tenon P., as before described.

No. 4, D., represents the underside of the lever. The hook is placed upon the square tenon C, of the spindle; then the bolster is placed upon the tenon P., and the round tenon or pivot D., and is held firm by the spring as before mentioned. The hook is elevated or depressed at pleasure by means of the lateral mot-ion given to the lever D, (see Fig. No. 1,) Which by means of the rack and pinion before described, moves the spindle in the cylinder, `and the hook being firmly fastened to the end of the spindle as represented, in the Fig., as already described, partakes of the motion of the spindle, and is thus elevated and depressed at pleasure, according to the lateral motion given to the lever. v

The instrument, except the handle, is made of steel, and highly polished, but the instrument might be made of iron, except the hook which should be of steel.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent are the following combinations of the parts of the instrument:

The controlling of the hook With the lever by means of the rack, pinion and socket, spindle and cylinder, as described and set forth in the accompanying drawings and specifications.

In testimony whereof, I the said HIRAM TODD, hereunto subscribe my name to this my amended application in the presence of the Witnesses Whose names are hereto subscribed, on the 22d day of April. A. D. 1846.

HIRAM TODD.

Test

GEO. DENIG, ELLIOTT DENIG.

Unknown

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050065511A1 (en) * 2003-09-11 2005-03-24 Biotronik Gmbh & Co. Kg Catheter
US20070026935A1 (en) * 2005-08-01 2007-02-01 Igt Methods and devices for managing gaming networks

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050065511A1 (en) * 2003-09-11 2005-03-24 Biotronik Gmbh & Co. Kg Catheter
US20070026935A1 (en) * 2005-08-01 2007-02-01 Igt Methods and devices for managing gaming networks

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