US445875A - Burial apparatus - Google Patents

Burial apparatus Download PDF

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US445875A
US445875A US445875DA US445875A US 445875 A US445875 A US 445875A US 445875D A US445875D A US 445875DA US 445875 A US445875 A US 445875A
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frame
ends
bars
grave
side
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G19/00Hoisting or lowering devices for coffins

Description

3 Sheets-Sheet 1.`

(No Model.)

, N. BRIGKELL. BURIAL APPARATUS.

No. 445,875. Patented- Feb. 3, 189.1.

Il. Illllllllll aM/wm A NORA/EVS (No Model.) 3 sheets-shears.

' N BRIGKELL BURIAL APPARATUS.

Patentedxeb. 3,1891.

No. 445,875.V

A WOR/VHS (No Model.) 3 sheets- Sheet s. N BRICKBLL I i BURIAL APPARATUS.

Patente-d Feb. 3,1891.

INVENTOH `,47'7'0/-NEYS UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

NICHOLAS BRICKELL, OF POPLAR GROVE, ARKANSAS.

BURIAL APPARATUS. V

SPEGIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 445,875, dated February 3, 1891. Application tiled May 10, 1890. Serial NoA 351,252. (No model.)

To @ZZ whom it may concern.-

Beit known that I, NICHOLAS BRICKELL, of Poplar Grove, in the county of Phillips and State of Arkansas, have invented a new and useful Derrick and Canopy therefor, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.

This invention relates to an improved means for transferring acoffin or burial-casket from the ground surface to a grave-,bottom or vault, and has for its object to provide -a device which is portable, easy and convenient to operate, and that will afford safety and celerity in the transmission of the incased dead body from the surface to the bottom of a vault or grave, a further object being to aord a protection from the elements around the grave while the funeral services are being there conducted.

To these ends my invention consists in the construction and combinations of parts, as is hereinafter described, and indicated in the claims.

Reference is to be madeto the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.

Figure l is a sectional side elevation of the derrick, taken on the line l l in Fig. 2, showing a casket in position to lower it into a grave. Fig. 2 is a plan View of the derrick. Figs. 3, 4, and 5 are enlarged views of detached portions of a separable canopy-frame employed in connection with the derrick to protect it from the sun, rain, or snow. Fig. (5 is an end elevation of the derrick. Figs. 7 and 8 are detached and enlarged views of portions of the canopy-frame, and Fig. 9 isa perspective view of the canopy-frame detached from the derrick.

One of the essential features of this device is that it is made separable into pieces convenient to pack into compact bundles, thus facilitating its transportation from one l0- cality to another, and in so constructing the several parts that they may be rapidly and surely assembled into form as a complete machine ready for use without noise or ren tion of the device.

Vit-h this in view the main frame of the derrick is composed of four upright posts a, which are united in pairs on each side by the cap-plates b, that have sockets or mortises produced in them for reception of tenons or tongues formed on the upper ends of the posts in the usual manner of framing timbers together. The side sections of the frame are secured together separately by cross-sills c near the lower ends of the posts a, that have interlocking dovetail connections of their ends, with mating notches formed oppositely in the inner sides of the posts, as shown in Fig. G, and at the top the frame-sections are held spaced apart to produce a rectangular frame by the cross-bars c', that are notched on their lower surfaces, a sufficient portion being removed to permit the bars to have a` sliding engagement with the cap-plates?) and retain the sides of the frame spaced apart.

As a means for stiffening the connection of parts just described there are diagonal braces d, pivotally secured by theirupper ends near each other in pairs, the lower ends of theV be seen that with a wooden muffled inallet the4 frame structure may be erected at a point convenient to the grave, and to further its movement into place above avault or open grave there are transverse axles e furnished, which are inserted in square notches in the lower ends of the posts a. Said axles, projecting outside of the frame on each side, are rounded into spindles on their end portions, upon which low Wheels e are adjusted and retained removably by the spring bracketplates e2, that are pivot-ed by their upper ends on the outer sides of the posts a, so that they may be swung into position aligning with the posts and engage with their perforated lower ends pintles formed on the ends of the aXlequiring special tools to effect such an erecg` spindles, whereby the wheels c are revolubly retained and the frame free to be rolled into any desired position and there retained by the pivoted props e3, which project from the posts a.

On the cross-sills c a rectangular frame is placed having side bars f, formed with nptu'rned flanges at their outer edges, and at each end the cross-pieces f', which hold these side bars spaced apart a proper width, are made to loosely impinge on the outer faces of the cross=sills`, thus preventing a longitudinal displacement of the frame, which serves the purpose of a tramway for a traveling carriage, the turn-buttons f2 retaining the tramway when in use.

The carriage just named is made light and strong in rectangular form, consisting of two similar side pieces g, thatare secured together and properly spaced apart to loosely engage the flanges of the trainway=hars f by cross-bars g', these latter being also designed te support a burial casket or coffin when in service. Smallwheels glare j oui-n ale-d in the side pieces g and project Ithrough the slots they are located in, so as to rest on and roll upon the side'bars fot the tramway below the movable carriage, and in order to permit the carriage to he utilized as a stretcher-frame for the reception of the coffin or casket from the hearse and transportation of the saine to the derrick four folding handles are provided, as shown at gS in Fig. 1, which by their extension hori= Zontally serve `as grip gpieces, whereby two men cantransfer thecon'in, if of' an ordinary weight, from the vehicle to the derricl, which coffin, when rolled into place over the grave, is ready to be lowered therein, the handles g3 also serving as supports for the rolling carriage to retain it stable when in position above the o pen grave.

j Thede'vice furtransferring the collin from the Telling' carriage into `the grave or vault below consists of a windlass mechanism, of whichptwo transverse rollers 7L tare journaled in bearings formed one half in the upper edge portions of the cap-plates brand the otherhalf of the same in keeper-bars 1', placed, upon the plates b and removably retained there by the insertion of their tapered ends into the loops t', which are secured to and project upwardly from the cap-'plates near two diagonally-olliposite posts a, the other end portions of the keeper-bars being held seated on the cap-plates lby hooks fig, engaging' staples in the sides of said bars Centrally between the bearings of the rollers 7i h a trans= verse windlassdrum 7c, is j ournaled in the capplates and keeper=bars in a manner similar to that employed for revoluble support of the rollers, journals of reduced diameter, affordinglateral shoulders for retention of the drum, being cut therein at suitable points to engage the bearings provided to receive them. Outside of the frame of the derrick the drum 7e is furnished on each end portion with a ratchwheels by the springs 7a4.

et-wheel 7c', which may bemade integral with the drum-shaft or be securedthereto, and on the terminal ends of said shaft removable crank-handles 7a2 are placed when the machine is to be used. The ratchet-wheels 7a Vare engaged when necessary by the pawls 7c3, that are held in mesh or away' from the ratchet Upon the drum k the oppositely-wrapped bands m are secured by their ends, which are spaced apart sufficiently to permit two portions of each band to engage fiat `grooves in the rollers 7L h', that thus direct the descending loop portion of each band, s'o that they will hang properly to engage the bights of their loops with the end portions of a coffin or casket. Y

All the ends of the oppositely-leading bands m are removably held in contact with the ldrum 7a by their insertion below a locking-V strip a, that is embedded 'in a longitudinal channel formed in the peripheral surface of the drum, said strip being there retained by the sliding engagement ot' the ring-keepers n', Ssee Fig.` 2,) which, when slid over theends of tie strip mvclanip the same upon the band ends and retain them secured until the rings it are moved off of the strip, as is done when the bands are to be removed from a lowered coffin. p

There areotherbearings o made in the capplates l) and keeper-bars t', which Kare intermediate of those already described,the inner bearings being adapted to receive the rollers 7i 7L', if asmall coffin or casket is to belowered.

In order to enablethe operators to safely control the downward movement of' the coiiin when it is being lowered, a brakedever p is provided foreach side of the derriok-frame and are pivoted at one end on the cap=plates b, as shown in Fig'. l, said levers having straps or flexible bands p attached by one end of each upon the levers nearly in vertical line below the center of the nearest of the rollers h t, these bands being extended upwardly from their points of attachment to the levers, so as to engage the upper surface of the rollers h h', and thence to have their opposite ends attached to the windlass-drum 7c, so that a depression of the levers at their outer ends will control the revolution of the rollers and drum as the bands p are wrapped upon the latter-named to extend toward opposite ends of the derrick-frame. A

To secure the levers p at any desired point of depression and thereby hold the drnm'from revolving too fast in case a heavy casket is being 1owered,the levers are interlocled with the ratchet-racks p2, which are secured in a vertical position on the posts a by engagement therewith of the locking-plates p3 of said levers.

VAs the burial service is frequently conducted at the grave, and possibly during inclement weather, or under the rays of the sun in summer when there is great heat, and'injury may result to participants iu thc service, a

IOO

IIO

movable canopy has been devised, which forms a valuable adjunct of the coffin-lowering device herein described. Saidcovering consists of four standards r, which are erected on the cap-plates Z) above the posts a, being provided with dowel-pins that enter mating sockets in the cap-plates.

On the inner sides of the cross-bars c diagonal braces r are pivoted, the upper ends of which are laterally perforated and engage pins placed at proper points in the outer sides of the standards r, thus laterally stiffening these standards in their upright positions. Upon the beveled and notched upper ends r2 of the posts r rafter-strips r3 are loosely secured by their engagement with the notches at r2. These strips are inclined and project toward a point above the derrick-frame Where the four rafter-strips meet, and are detachably connected by any preferred means. As shown, the rafter-strips have notches for interlocking connections, produced as at s in Fig. 4, which represents the capping-pair of rafters that are hin ge-jointed together at their upper ends and receive the other pair of rafters, the ends of which enter the notches of the capping` pair and are joined together by a dowelpin s on one rafter entering a socket-hole in the other rafter and abutting upon one of the last-mentioned rafters, being shown in Fig. 5.

The length of the raf ter-strips r3 is so proportioned that theirouter ends will project considerably outside of the derrick-frame and have pivotal engagement with the upright prop bars t, that are of a suitable length to enter the ground with their pointed lower ends, and thus support the outer ends of the rafters.

Around the canopy-frame produced by the combination of pieces just described the horizontal border-rails u u are attached, the firstnamed consisting of elongated strips which are jointed together by hinges so applied thereto that when extended and in position these rails will resist strains from the inner side and afford a substantial border for the canopy-frame on its side edges. The end strips u are similarly hinge-jointed near their longitudinal centers, as at u2 in Fig. 7, and interlock with the ends of the side strips u, thus affording a complete canopy when the intermediate rafter-pieces 'u are introduced and removably secured to the other rafters at their top ends and the side and end rails at their lower ends, as shown in Fig. 9, these intermediate rafters being furnished with prop-bars o', that are jointed thereto and enter the ground midway between the end props t, the side vand end border-rails a a having hooked connections furnished, as at 'as in Fig. 9.

Upon the canopy-frame a Water-proof canvas or other cover may be spread and secured thereon by its engagement with projecting button-headed pins o2, that project from the rails u u', whereby a substantial canopy that will protect a number of people is supplied and supported upon the derrick-frame in a manner that will permit quick removal or erection with a muflied mallet, thus avoiding all the inconvenience and discomfort attendantupon the ordinary methods of lowering coftins or caskets into graves or vaults, and also affording complete protection to those who attend the funeral at the grave.

Having thus described my invention, l claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent# l. In a burial apparatus, the combination, with a frame adapted to be placed over a grave and provided with parallel tracks near the ground-line, of a separate and independent carriage provided with pivoted handles atits ends and wheels to run on said tracks and forming a bier upon which the cofn may be carried to the grave, the said handles being constructed to be swung down to engage the ground and form stops, substantially as set forth. i

2. A burial apparatus comprising a rectangular knockdown frame having lower end cross-pieces c c, the parallel tracks or ways f f, having connecting cross-pieces f f', turnbuttons on the pieces c c to overlap the crosspieces f and secure the tracks against displacement, and a carriage to travel on said tracks and forming a bier upon which the coffin may be conveyed to the grave, substantially as set forth.

3. Aburial apparatus comprising a knockdown frame having corner-standards provided with square notches in their lower ends, a coffin-lowering mechanism on the upper part of said frame, the square axles to rest in said notches and having their outer` projecting ends rounded to receive the removable Wheels, and spring bracket-plates e2, secured at one end to said standards and having apertures in their opposite ends receiving the rounded extremities of said axles to retain the wheels in place and permit of their ready removal, substantially as set forth.

4.. A burial apparatus comprising aknockdown frame, the upper edges of the side bars of which are provided with semicircular recesses, the strap i', the bars t', having their lower edges provided with semicircular recesses registering with those of the side bars to form the drum and roller-bearings O, said bars at one end projecting into said loops, hooks and eyes `securing their opposite ends, the loweringdrum having straps or bands, and the rollers 7i 7L at opposite sides of the drum, substantially as set forth.

5. In a burial apparatus, a frame having mortises or sockets on its upper side, a lowering mechanism on said frame, and a knockdown canopy-frame consisting in the four standards r, having dowels or tenons on their lower ends to enter said mortises or sockets and notches r2 iu their upper ends, sectional IOO IIO

IZO

hinged inclined letter-strips frs, extending intermediate reiter-strips, the said borderloosely through seid notches and loosely eonrails having securing devices for a canopy 1o neeted at the apex of the Canopy-frame, the top or cover, Substantially as set forth.

prop-bars t, pivoted at their upper ends te T q Y the outer ends of the end reiter-strips, the BGHOLAD BRICIXELL' horizontal side and end sectional hinged bor- VtneSSeS:

der-rails u u', detachably connected to the S. H. KING,

enter extremities of the Said rafter-strps T3, A. L. VHITFIELD,

and the prop-bars 7,", pivoted to the ends of the JAMES R. TURNER.

US445875D Burial apparatus Expired - Lifetime US445875A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2655713A (en) * 1950-06-14 1953-10-20 Merrill W Chrisman Burial apparatus
US2781571A (en) * 1955-12-12 1957-02-19 Blachly Clark Apparatus for handling and lowering burial caskets
US20050277961A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2005-12-15 Arthrotek, Inc. Method and apparatus for soft tissue fixation
US20080082127A1 (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-03 Arthrotek, Inc. Method for implanting soft tissue
US9402621B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2016-08-02 Biomet Sports Medicine, LLC. Method for tissue fixation
US9414833B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2016-08-16 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Soft tissue repair assembly and associated method
US9414925B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2016-08-16 Biomet Manufacturing, Llc Method of implanting a knee prosthesis assembly with a ligament link
US9492158B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2016-11-15 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US9510821B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2016-12-06 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling anatomical features
US9532777B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2017-01-03 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US9545369B2 (en) 2013-09-30 2017-01-17 Silk Therapeutics, Inc. Stable silk protein fragment compositions
US9642661B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2017-05-09 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and Apparatus for Sternal Closure
US9801708B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2017-10-31 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10022118B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2018-07-17 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10092288B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2018-10-09 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10251637B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2019-04-09 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Soft tissue repair device and associated methods
US10265159B2 (en) 2011-11-03 2019-04-23 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for stitching tendons
US10265064B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2019-04-23 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Soft tissue repair device and method
US10349931B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2019-07-16 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Fracture fixation device
US10363028B2 (en) 2011-11-10 2019-07-30 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10368856B2 (en) 2011-11-10 2019-08-06 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2655713A (en) * 1950-06-14 1953-10-20 Merrill W Chrisman Burial apparatus
US2781571A (en) * 1955-12-12 1957-02-19 Blachly Clark Apparatus for handling and lowering burial caskets
US20050277961A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2005-12-15 Arthrotek, Inc. Method and apparatus for soft tissue fixation
US10265064B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2019-04-23 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Soft tissue repair device and method
US9801708B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2017-10-31 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10154837B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2018-12-18 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10321906B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2019-06-18 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method for tissue fixation
US9414833B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2016-08-16 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Soft tissue repair assembly and associated method
US9492158B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2016-11-15 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US9510821B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2016-12-06 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling anatomical features
US9532777B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2017-01-03 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10251637B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2019-04-09 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Soft tissue repair device and associated methods
US9642661B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2017-05-09 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and Apparatus for Sternal Closure
US9402621B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2016-08-02 Biomet Sports Medicine, LLC. Method for tissue fixation
US10004489B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2018-06-26 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10398428B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2019-09-03 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling anatomical features
US10022118B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2018-07-17 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10092288B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2018-10-09 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10098629B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2018-10-16 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10441264B2 (en) 2006-02-03 2019-10-15 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Soft tissue repair assembly and associated method
US10398430B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2019-09-03 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method for implanting soft tissue
US9486211B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2016-11-08 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method for implanting soft tissue
US9414925B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2016-08-16 Biomet Manufacturing, Llc Method of implanting a knee prosthesis assembly with a ligament link
US10349931B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2019-07-16 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Fracture fixation device
US20080082127A1 (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-03 Arthrotek, Inc. Method for implanting soft tissue
US10004493B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2018-06-26 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method for implanting soft tissue
US10265159B2 (en) 2011-11-03 2019-04-23 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method and apparatus for stitching tendons
US10363028B2 (en) 2011-11-10 2019-07-30 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10368856B2 (en) 2011-11-10 2019-08-06 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Apparatus for coupling soft tissue to a bone
US10166177B2 (en) 2013-09-30 2019-01-01 Silk Therapeutics, Inc. Silk protein fragment compositions and articles manufactured therefrom
US9545369B2 (en) 2013-09-30 2017-01-17 Silk Therapeutics, Inc. Stable silk protein fragment compositions

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