US441943A - Device for mounting and operating swinging windows - Google Patents

Device for mounting and operating swinging windows Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US441943A
US441943A US441943DA US441943A US 441943 A US441943 A US 441943A US 441943D A US441943D A US 441943DA US 441943 A US441943 A US 441943A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
hinge
mounting
windows
window
leaf
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US441943A publication Critical patent/US441943A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/48Suspension arrangements for wings allowing alternative movements
    • E05D15/50Suspension arrangements for wings allowing alternative movements for opening at either of two opposite edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/148Windows

Description

(No Model.) 7 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
E. E. DE KALB. DEVICE FOR MOUNTING AND OPERATING SWINGING WINDQWS. No. 441,943. Patented Dec. 2, 1890.
WITNESSES I IN VEJVTOR KWNM 'fu: nunnw PETERS co mom-4mm, wul-umruu, n. c,
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2. E. E. DE KALB. DEVICE FOR MOUNTING AND OPERATING SWINGING WINDOWS.
No. 441,943. Patented Dec. 2, 1890.
I I l l frg 5': WITJVEIS'AS'EJS' INVENTOR 63W 5? 2' 94 04464 @I X per hinges.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ENOOH E. DE KALB, 0E sYEAoUsE, NEW YORK.
DEVICE FOR MOUNTING AND OPERATING SWINGING WINDOWS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 441,943, dated December 2, 1890.
Application filed March 24, 1890- Serial No. 345,087. (No model.)
"useful Improvements in Devices for Mounting and Operating Swinging Windows; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will .enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference beinghad to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
My invention relates to improvements in devices for mounting and operating swingin g-windows and analogous parts, and has for its objects the provision of certain improve ments in a combined hinge and holding device which I have denominated a bracket slip-hinge, in means whereby such hinge is operated and controlled in a lock, whereby the window or windows can only be opened upon one side at a time.
The construction and combination of parts whereby the objects are attained is set forth in the following detailed specification and pointed out in the claims.
The accompanying drawings illustrate what I consider the best means for carryingmyinvention into practice.
Figure 1 is an elevation of a portion of the interior of a car, showing several windows provided with my devices. Fig. 2 is an elevation of one side of a window-frame, showing with the facing removed the hinges, &c., in place. Fig. 3 is a section of Fi 2. Fig. 4 is a horizontal section taken above the up- Fig. 5 is an elevation of the hinge removed. Fig. 6 is an elevation of the locking device removed. Fig. 7 is a section across the hinge and case shown in Figs. 2, 3, 4, and 5. Fig. Sis a section across a modified form of hinge and plate, and Figs. 9 and 10 are respectively a cross-section and afront elevation of another modification of the hinge.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures where they occur.
A is the window-frame, and B the sash.
C G are knobs upon the sash, by means of which it is opened and closed after the hinge is properly fixed for the manipulation.
D D are the hinges,one leaf (1 of which is of the'ordinary or any suitable form, and has the sash fastened to it, while the other (I is elongated and equipped to slide in a suitable casing E in the frame A.
The casing E is attached to the framingby means of screws or otherwise. In one form, as shown in Figs. 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7, the case is provided with a stop 6, and the leaf (1 of the hinge is slotted as shown at (1 In the form shown in Fig. 8 the stop e is upon the leaf d, and the slot (1 in the casing E. While in the form shown in Figs. 9 and 10 the stop e is placed upon the side of the leaf (1, and a suitable way is provided on the edge of casing for it to slide upon, and a stop e* for it to abut against. In all the forms the stop e serves to limit the outward movement of the window.
In a vertical groove or depression 13* a drop or holding bar F is arranged, which has projections ff to engage the leaf (1 of the hinge, either in one of the notches (Z or cl or at the inner end of the leaf. The bar is provided with a button F on the inner face of the frame A, which engages an opening f* in said bar F, by means of which it is raised when desired to manipulate the sash. WVhen the projections f f engage the inner ends of the leaves 61, the sash is held open as far as the hinges will permit it to go. hen they engage notches d, the sash is partially opened and when engaging the notches d the window is closed. It will be observed that notch 67- is sloping on its inner edge, so that the window may be opened from this point outward without raising the rod, while it cannot be closed without raising the rod.
If the edges of case E interfere with the movements of the projections f, they maybe out out, as above shown at e The bar F, as well as leaves (1, are held in position by face-plates g g, which have openings for receiving the outer ends of the stops 6 e in the forms shown in Fig. 2.
Each side of the window-frame and sash is provided with the casings, rods, and hinges above described, and with the parts already described it is apparent that the sash can be opened from either side or from both sides at the same time. Upon railway-trains it is, however, often the case that it is not desirable to permit passengers to manipulate the windows at the whim of each one, and in order to limit opening of thewindow to one side only so as to avoid drafts and the en trance of cinders, &c.,1 provide a lock for the sashes which shall be under control of the trainmen. This device is shown in Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 6, and consists of a crank or projection It arranged above each'bar F. The crank is mounted on a shaft h, which projects in from the inner face of the frame. The outer end of each shaft is provided with a second crank or fixed link 7L2, the ends of which are connected to a rod H, which extends along the car above the windows, either covered bythe inner facing of the car or exposed to view, as may be desired. At the ends of the car or at any point desired the cranks 712 on rod l-I may be provided with ratchets h* and a pawl 71,
for holding the rod fixed. Now it will be apparent that the movement of the rod H in one direction turns the crank h on one side of each window down upon the top of the bar F on that side and the window is locked, while upon the opposite side the crank h at each Window is raised and the hinges are free to be operated. The window-frame and sash are made to fit beveling all around, and a packer may be introduced in the corners to seal the window. and make itperfectly air and dustproof. The window is provided with protectors, as covered by my application for patent filed August 13, 1889, Serial No.
320,560, and the bevel on the bottom of the sash is confined to the outer edge thereof.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination of a slip-leaf hinge, a drop-bar for holding the same at a given point, and a lock for locking the bar in such position, as set forth.
2. The combination of a slip-leaf hinge and a drop-bar for holding the hinge in a given position, a cranked shaft for locking the bar, and a rod for controlling the cranked shaft, as set forth.
3. The combination, in a series of windows, of slip-leaf hinges 011 each side of the sashes thereof, drop-bars for holding the hinges at given positions, cranks and shaft-s on which they are mounted for locking the drop-bars,
and a rod connected to the series of such shafts for locking the bars on the sides of the windows alternately, as set forth,
4. A hinge having one short and one long leaf, the latter sliding in the frame, a dropbar operated to engage said long leaf, having a thumb-piece or button on the face of the frame, as described,a casing for the long leaf, and a facing-plate for the bar and leaf, as set forth.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
- ENOCH E. DE KATIE.
Witnesses;
HENRY LACY, 'l. B. KENDRICK.
US441943D Device for mounting and operating swinging windows Expired - Lifetime US441943A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US441943A true US441943A (en) 1890-12-02

Family

ID=2510838

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US441943D Expired - Lifetime US441943A (en) Device for mounting and operating swinging windows

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US441943A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4866882A (en) * 1988-04-29 1989-09-19 Cappello Emanuel J Stand-out window opening mechanism
US20050262769A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-12-01 Vetter Gregory J Projection window operator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4866882A (en) * 1988-04-29 1989-09-19 Cappello Emanuel J Stand-out window opening mechanism
US20050262769A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-12-01 Vetter Gregory J Projection window operator
US7325359B2 (en) * 2004-05-28 2008-02-05 Truth Hardware Corporation Projection window operator

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US532483A (en) Peter poertner and william romunder
US441943A (en) Device for mounting and operating swinging windows
US1395708A (en) Ventilating-sash lock
US409634A (en) Swinging window
US577818A (en) Latch
US1019623A (en) Sash-lock.
US1026489A (en) Sash-lock.
US178990A (en) Improvement in sash-fasteners
US808486A (en) Mechanism for operating casement windows, shutters, and the like.
US438425A (en) Combined shutter-fastener and slat-operator
US585605A (en) Charles
US1229695A (en) Window-screen.
US334685A (en) bassell
US313138A (en) wagner
US1160366A (en) Window-mounting.
US706449A (en) Car-door.
US441096A (en) William ii
US533891A (en) Sash-fastener
US120796A (en) Improvement in sash-stops and locks
US599555A (en) Clarence p
US599161A (en) Fourth to richard mcgahey
US814802A (en) Combination draft-excluder and lock.
US163019A (en) Improvement in blind-slat adjusters
US546256A (en) Combined sash-lock and ventilator
US474720A (en) Transom-lifter