US429A - Cookiktg-stove - Google Patents

Cookiktg-stove Download PDF


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US429A US429DA US429A US 429 A US429 A US 429A US 429D A US429D A US 429DA US 429 A US429 A US 429A
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    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/20Ranges


Patented Oct. 18, 1837.

No". 42e..

'ETE 1 ,f 3 Sheets/-Sheet 2. E. .SKINN ER.

Cooking Stove.

No. 429. Patented Oct. 18, 1837u Y 3 Sheets Sheet E. SKNNER.

' Cooking Stovel Patented Octi 18,l 1837.



Specification of Letters Patent N 0:429, dated October 18, 1837't To all whom it may concern.' Be it known that I, ELIJAH SKINNER, of

Sandwich, in the county of Stratford andV State of New Hampshire', have invented a new and improved method of constructingv a cooking-stove on the principle of the common diving-Hue stove and of fitting the stove to fireplaces in chimneys; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description thereof.

The nature of my improvement consistsA in the construction and arrangement of the projections at the ends of the stove and the Hues and funnels connected therewith. Also in the construction of the Hue beneath the bottom of the stove, in the masonwork, as in Figure 1,` Plate 1. Also in the construction and adaptation of the semicircular sheet iron funnels at each end of the stove with the Hues fitted thereto as in Plate 2.'

The object of my improvement, is to render the expense of manufacturing, less; (conveniences considered) and to produce a regular heat on the oven. Also to bring the heat down to the feet and directly under the oven through the Hue in the masonwork as in Plate 2.A

To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention I will proceed to describe its construction and application.

" lst. I make a castiron bottom about three feet, six inches long and from sixteen to eighteen inches wide. In one end of this bottom is a Hue of an oval form as at S, Fig. 2, Plate 1; in the other end of this are two Hues of the same form as aforesaidV but smaller, one Hue being near each corner of the bottom, with necks on the upper surface of the bottom and around two of the said Hues for the reception of funnels. I Ht ledges to the upper surface of the bottom aforesaid within which I place the body of the stove. The form of the stove is an oblong square having a top projection at one end aboutseven inches long and Hve inches deep or half the depth of the fire chamber. In the under plate of this top projection, are Hues with necks, to receive funnel. These Hues are placed immediately over the two small Hues aforesaid in the bottom near the end of the same. At the opposite end of the stove is a lower projection resting on the bottom, about seven inches long and eight inches high forming a separate chamber or division of the stove. The to-p of this proj ection forms an indented hearth to the door of the Hre chamber in the end of the stove.` n In the backside of the aforesaid lowerprojection is a Hue and neck for funnel.

The body of the stove is divided into two chambers by a castironplate extending hori- Zontally through the'stove near the center thereof. The lower chamber constitutes lthe* oven as at Gr, Plate l, with the door in the front of the oven as at H.' The upper chamber represents the Hre place as at I, with door in the end as at-K.v The top plate contains apertures with rings'forf boilers vand Acooking apparatus as at L, Fig. 1, Plate 1.

I make a Hue with a neck in the top plate over the top projection orv in the end plate at the end of the top projection as at M Plate, 1, for the receiving of funnel. vBeneath thek top projection and outside ofthe lower part of the stove aty the end I place two funnels extending downward from the top projection, to the two Hues in the bottom of the stove near the corners as aforesaid as at N, N, Plate l, Fig. 2. I place the stove over the common brick or stove hearth with mason work laid under the outer edges of the'castiron bottom as at O, O, Plate l, Fig. 1, forming a concavity from two to four inches deep between 'the brick or stove hearth Vand the castiron bottom aforesaid and the whole length and width of said castiron bottom except the thickness of the masonwork aforesaid placed under the outer edges of the ysaid bottom, O, O. This concavity forms the Hue under the oven and is beneath the iron bottom R, Plate 1^, F ig. 2.

Ledges are placed lon the undersideof the castiron bottom extending around within about two inches of the edges so as to keep -the mason work Hrm; also when required for the purpose of fitting a sheet iron Hue beneath the bottom. I sometimes elevate or raise the brick hearth back of the stove in the chimney Hre place as high as the top of the stove as at Plate 1, Fig. 1. When this is the case I form a Hue in the brick work in the chimney for the reception of the diving Hue funnel as at 2 Plate V1, Fig. l. I place dampers in the funnels so as to let the heat and smoke ascend or turn them downward throughthe diving Hue, passing beneath the oven and out the funnel at 2. I carry the funnel' Afrom the top projection of the stove, upward and thence in any other direction necessary.

I construct this stove in another form but ,two aforesaid Hues in the under part ofthe on the same principle as Plate 2. I make a plain cast-iron bottom as in the first construction projecting at each end beyond the body of the stove as at A. A. P. l., Fig. 2. I make the body of an oblong square dividing it into two chambers with the oven door and lire door in front and t a movableV indented hearth to the fire ldoor or door to the upper chamber. I make the top plate withy semicircular projections at each end as at Plate 2 Fig. l, B. B. Between the projections of the top and bottom plates of the stove at each end I place a semicircular sheet iron funnel C. C. Fig. l, with the edges inserted into grooves. The re passes from the lire chamber through flues in each end of the stove into these tunnels as at D. D. Figs. 8 and 4. I use a damper in one end of the stove to turn the heat down that it may pass under the oven; the damper is placed in the flue B, Fig. 3. I also put a damper in the funnel above the stove. I place the stove on mason work as at D. D. Fig. 2, Pl. 42. The flues E. E. open intov the eoncavity Jforming the flue in the mason work beneath the cast iron bottom F. I-it a funnel to the iue Gr, on the top plate of the stove, which carries off the smoke from the driving tlue and from the lue B, Fig. 3.

I form the tire 4door with the inner surface concave and hang it at each of the lower corners on pivots so that when it is turned Ydown it forms a hearth as I-I, Fig. l, being supported by a rest on the side of the stove. A narrow stationary iron hearth may be used with the common door. I sometimes use a hearth in front of the oven door by projecting the castiron hearth out beyond the body of the stove as at I, Fig. l.


1st. The stove described is of the common V'size but I contemplate making others of various and of dierent forms on the same principle.

2nd. I contemplate constructing the sides and ends of the aforesaid described stove of mason work and the doors, door frames and horizontal plates of iron.

3rd. Instead of the horizontal hearth which divides the re chamber Jfrom the oven I contemplate constructing a quarter circle oven, tted to the inside of the stove box as at A, A, Plate 3. The convex Vside of the oven forms an elevated hearth for the tire with ledges cast on the convexity to retain the ashes or plastering so as to regulate the heat and preserve the plate from burning.

A movable coal grate is so tted` as to be placed higher or lower on the convex hearth as at B, Fig. 3; Y

In Fig. 3 E, is the oven door; C, C, are the lire doors; D, the ash pit; F, F, the openings for the boilers and G the funnel.

What I claim as my improvement and desire to secure by Letters Patent is- 1. The construction of the Hue in the mason work beneath the bottom of the stove, when placed over the common brick or stove hearth forming the driving flue under the oven as described in the specicationalso in the drawing Plate 2, Fig. 2 under the plate F, and in Plate 1, Fig. 2 under the iron plate R; also projections at the ends of the stove with the arrangement of the tunnels and ues in the manner and for the purposes above set forth.

2. I also claim the semicircular sheet iron

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030062973A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2003-04-03 Tdk Corporation Dielectric device
DE202015000575U1 (en) 2015-01-24 2015-03-24 Fgmd Gmbh Keyhole Finder
US20160012948A1 (en) * 2013-02-27 2016-01-14 Jfe Steel Corporation Method for producing grain-oriented electrical steel sheet (as amended)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030062973A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2003-04-03 Tdk Corporation Dielectric device
US20160012948A1 (en) * 2013-02-27 2016-01-14 Jfe Steel Corporation Method for producing grain-oriented electrical steel sheet (as amended)
DE202015000575U1 (en) 2015-01-24 2015-03-24 Fgmd Gmbh Keyhole Finder

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