US426393A - Mantel-stove - Google Patents

Mantel-stove Download PDF

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US426393A
US426393A US426393DA US426393A US 426393 A US426393 A US 426393A US 426393D A US426393D A US 426393DA US 426393 A US426393 A US 426393A
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stove
fire
mantel
rear wall
ash
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/185Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion
    • F24B1/188Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion characterised by use of heat exchange means , e.g. using a particular heat exchange medium, e.g. oil, gas  
    • F24B1/1885Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion characterised by use of heat exchange means , e.g. using a particular heat exchange medium, e.g. oil, gas   the heat exchange medium being air only
    • F24B1/1886Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion characterised by use of heat exchange means , e.g. using a particular heat exchange medium, e.g. oil, gas   the heat exchange medium being air only the heat exchanger comprising only tubular air ducts within the fire

Description

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
G. L. MORRISON & G. D.-SANFORD. MANTEL STOVE.
No. 426,393. Patented Apr. 22, 1890'.
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
G.L. MORRISON & G. D. SANFORD. MANTEL STOVE.
No. 426,393. Patented Apr. 22, 1890.
HYIIIIIIH UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GARDNER L. MORRISON, OF BROOKLYN, AND GEORGE D. SANFORD, OF
. PEEKSKILL, NEW YORK.
MANTEL-STOVE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 426,393, dated April 22, 1890. I
Application filed November 27, 1888- Serial No. 292,165. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, GARDNER L. MORRI- SON and GEORGE D. SANFORD, citizens of the United States, and residents, respectively, of the city of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings, and the village of Peekskill, in the county of lVestchester and State of New York, have invented certain Improvements in Portable Fire-Place Stoves or Heaters, of which the following is a specification.
Our invention relates to fire-place stoves or heaters; and it consists of certain details, hereinafter fully described, whereby such a stove or heater may be connected with the ordinary fire-place without previous preparation of the fire-place, or be set up against a chimney provided with an ordinary smoke-hole and have all the appearance of a regular fireplace heater made as now in common use.
Referring to the drawings, which form a part of this specification, Figure 1 is a front elevation of our stove, representing it as having the fire-piece attached. Fig. 2 is an elevation showing the back of the stove with the fire-piece removed. Fig. 3, Sheet 2, is a side elevation indicating the relative positions of the feeder, fire-pot, and smoke-fines, and also the plainness of the back of the stove. Fig. 4, Sheet 2, is a vertical cross-section through the center of the stove, taken sidewise. Fig. 5 represents the plantof the bottom of the stove. Fig. 6 is a cross-section through the line 0 of Fig. 4 and partly through line 0'. Fig. 7 represents a crosssection through the line 0", Figs. 3 and 4.
Referring to Fig. 1, it will be observed that the stove consists of the usual parts: the cover A, closing the mouth of the feeder H, which is suspended in the combustion-chamber B B, a fire-pot G, surrounded by a grating 0, and an ash-pit D. The feeder is represented as broken away to show the location of a flue k and damper I back of the feeder. Upon each side of the fire-pot G flues K are shown, which give communication from the fire-chamber B to the chambers o 0' on each side of the ash-pit. Underneath the ash-pit is located the casing E, having an opening I) in its front. The chambers that are closed by the panels h h extend to the rear of the stove on each side of the ash-pit. At their rear ends they are surmounted by pipesLL, Fig. 2, which rise parallel with the front pipes K K but they meet in an arch over the top of the chamber 13 where they unite in a common flue, which has an opening is into the chamber B, Fig. 1, and a rear opening Z, Fig. 2,corresponding to an ordinary pipe-hole. The flue 7.: is provided with a damperl, which is shown to be open and is operated by the lever J at the left side of the top B. The pipe-hole Z is also provided with a damper m, which is operated by the lever 73.
Fig. 2 represents the back of the stove without the fire-piece A. The broken lines 12. '11, indicate the subdivisions of the ash-pit box D, 0 representing the ash-pit and 0 0 the chambers closed in front by the panels h h, Fig. 1. p p are openings from the passages Q Q, to be connected with the chimney for the purposes of ventilation. The passages Q Q, made by the partitions u "a, have side openings, as shown at b, Fig. 3.
By reference to Fig. 4 it will be seen that the fire-pot G is surmounted by the back fireplate M, which, with the plate N in the chamber B, divides the stove above the line X into two compartments. The forward compartment comprises the cavity of the fire-pot and the chambers B and B. It will be observed that if the damper I be open the products of combustion will have a direct pathway to the chimney through the flues K and Z. When the said damper is closed, the pathway will be as indicated by the line l--that is, in through the aslbpit, up through the fire-pot, where it will divide to the right and left and pass down through the flues K, backward through the chambers 0, upward through the pipes L L, and thence to the chimney through the outlet Z.
Fig. 6 represents the ash-pit and its surroundings. Z is the top 011 which the firepot rests, and contains the openings for the insertion of the pipes Ii and L. The figure shows one-half of plate Z to be cut away, indicating the arrangement of partitions underneath it.
The base E of the stove is divided, as shown in Fig. 5, into the ventilatingmompartments Q and the central compartment P. The inlet to the latterisshown at b, Fig. 1, the out let at S, Fig. 5. Air from the room is admitted through these passages to contact With the heated parts of the stove, as indicated by line 2, Fig. 4.
Particular attention is directed to the plain back of this stove, as indicated particularly in Figs. 3 and 4. It may be used with or without the back plate A.
Having described our invention, What we claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1s
1. A stove or fireplace heater having direct and indirect smoke-fines, a smoke-escape opening at the rear, communicating with the fiues, a flat rear Wall, an air-flue extending from the base to the top between the rear wall and the rear Wall of the combustion-chamber, and flanges at the sides and top, arranged substantially in the same plane as the rear Wall,sl'1bstantially as described.
2. A stove or fire-place heater having direct and indirect smoke-fines, a smoke-escape opening at the rear, communicating with the fines, a fiat rear Wall, an air-flue extending from the base to the top between the rear Wall and the rear wall of the combustionchamber, side. ventilating-passages to communicate With the chimney, and flanges at the sides and top, arranged substantially in the same plane as the rear Wall, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof We affix our signatures in presence of two Witnesses.
GARDNER L. MORRISON.
GEORGE D. SANFORD.
Witnesses:
H. ALBAN ANDERSON, AXEL K. WEsTERDAHL.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5983885A (en) * 1997-01-15 1999-11-16 Jarvi; Michael A. Natural draft automatic feed pellet stove

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5983885A (en) * 1997-01-15 1999-11-16 Jarvi; Michael A. Natural draft automatic feed pellet stove

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