US4089093A - Method of manufacturing a variable capacitor - Google Patents

Method of manufacturing a variable capacitor Download PDF

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Publication number
US4089093A
US4089093A US05/623,552 US62355275A US4089093A US 4089093 A US4089093 A US 4089093A US 62355275 A US62355275 A US 62355275A US 4089093 A US4089093 A US 4089093A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
sheets
rotor
stator
stack
plates
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US05/623,552
Inventor
Jan Lefeber
Jelis DE Jonge
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
US Philips Corp
Original Assignee
US Philips Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to NL7413794 priority Critical
Priority to NL7413794A priority patent/NL7413794A/en
Application filed by US Philips Corp filed Critical US Philips Corp
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US4089093A publication Critical patent/US4089093A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES OR LIGHT-SENSITIVE DEVICES, OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
    • H01G4/00Fixed capacitors; Processes of their manufacture
    • H01G4/30Stacked capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/43Electric condenser making
    • Y10T29/435Solid dielectric type

Abstract

A method of manufacturing variable capacitors having dielectric-coated sheets. The dielectric is permanently connected to the sheets and is provided by vapor deposition before assembly of the capacitors. The dielectric is preferably a polyparaxylylene material.
Electrical contact between the rotor sheets is obtained by arranging the sheets on the rotor shaft with a slight press fit, with or without insertion of spacing rings.
Electrical contact between the stator sheets may be obtained by a scratching or grinding operation on the side of the stator stack, or by a layer of solder.

Description

This invention relates to a method of manufacturing a variable capacitor comprising a stack of rotor sheets which is arranged to be rotatable with respect to a stack of stator sheets in a holder, the sheets of at least one of said stacks being provided with a dielectric layer which is permanently connected to the sheets.

A method of this kind is known from German Gebrauchsmuster No. 6,605,431. Despite advantages such as high stability, low tan δ, high capacity per volume and limited temperature dependency, a capacitor manufactured according to the known method has the drawback that the manufacture thereof is impeded by the fact that the dielectric, a polyparaxylylene, is vapor-deposited on the fully assembled capacitor. This method of providing a capacitor with a dielectric layer is inefficient, because many parts of the capacitor are unnecessarily provided with a dielectric layer.

The object of the invention is to provide a method of manufacturing a capacitor in which the dielectric is efficiently provided on the stator sheets or rotor sheets only or on both.

According to the invention, prior to the assembly of the stack the individual sheets of at least one of the stacks are provided on all their surface with a dielectric layer which is permanently connected.

The invention will be described in detail hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawing.

FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic view of an embodiment of a coating apparatus suitable for practicing the invention.

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line II--II of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1,

FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the constituent parts used for a preferred method according to the invention,

FIG. 4 is a sectional view of a capacitor manufactured according to the invention, and

FIG. 5 is a sectional view on an increased scale of a detail of the rotor of the capacitor shown in FIG. 4.

FIG. 1 shows an apparatus 1 whereby loose stator sheets and rotor sheets can be provided with a dielectric layer on their entire surfaces. In a preferred embodiment of the invention the dielectric to be vapor deposited is formed from diparaxylylene.

The apparatus 1 comprises a sublimation space 2 and a pyrolysis chamber 3 which are enclosed by ovens 5 and 7, respectively. The sublimation space 2 and the pyrolysis chamber 3 are preferably made of quartz glass. The temperature of the diparaxylylene present in the sublimation space 2 is raised to a value of between 150° and 200°C by the oven 5, with the result that the diparaxylylene sublimates or evaporates. The oven 7 raises the temperature of the vapors from the sublimation space 2 to a value of between 450° and 700° in the pyrolysis chamber 3, so that the vapors are pyrolised. Via a nozzle 9 on the pyrolyzed chamber 3, the vapor is conducted into a rotatable coating drum 11, and vapor is deposited therein on the capacitor sheets. The number of capacitor sheets which can be present in the coating drum 11 amounts to between 50,000 and 100,000 in the preferred apparatus.

The coating drum 11 is preferably provided with guide blades 13 which cause the capacitor sheets to undergo a recurrent tumbling movement upon rotation of the drum 11. The rotation of the drum 11 is between 10 and 500 revolutions per minute and is obtained by means of a motor 15 which is coupled to the drum 11 by way of a shaft 17. The coating drum 11 is arranged in a vacuum vessel 19. The shaft 17 and the nozzle 9 are passed into the vacuum vessel 19 by way of vacuum seals. The vacuum in the vessel 19 is maintained by means of a pump (not shown) which is connected to the vacuum vessel 19 by way of a duct 21.

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line II--II in FIG. 1 of the vacuum vessel 19 and the coating drum 11. The guide blades 13 in the coating drum 11 cause a continuous, falling movement of the capacitor sheets, so that the capacitor sheets are prevented from sliding merely along the wall of the coating drum 11, whereby they would only be partly coated.

Rotor sheets 37 are preferably provided with round apertures 25 before introduction into the drum. However, these apertures can alternatively be made after coating.

The following portions must be assembled from the capacitor parts shown in FIG. 3:

a. a stator stack, consisting of stator sheets 33 and spacing rings 35 which are alternately stacked, and

b. a rotor stack, consisting of rotor sheets 37, spacing rings 39 and a rotor shaft 41, the rotor sheets 37 being pressed onto the rotor shaft 41. The rotor shaft preferably has a profile in the from of axially extending ridges. Shafts having an hexagonal or square section or the section of a circle which is flat on at least one side can alternatively be used.

The stator stack and the rotor stack are accommodated in a housing (see FIG. 4) which comprises an upper lid 43, and a lower lid 45 which is provided with legs 47. The upper lid 43 and the lower lid 45 are made of a synthetic material, preferably a polycarbonate with a fiberglass filling. The capacitor is assembled by means of bolt and nut connections which are not shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4. The legs 47 determine the position of the stator stack as well as the position of the upper lid 43. The rotor shaft 41 is journalled in a hole 42 in the lid 43 on the upper side, and bears on a connection strip 49 of the rotor stack on the lower side. The connection strip 49 is positioned on projections 51 formed on the lower lid 45. A connection strip 53 of the stator stack is clamped between the leg 47 and the stator stack.

The rotor shaft 41 has clamped thereon a steel profiled disk 55 which limits the angular rotation of the rotor stack in conjunction with a cam 57 on the upper lid 43.

The assembled parts of FIG. 3 form a variable capacitor 30 as shown in FIG. 4. The rotor stack is denoted by the reference 36, and the stator stack by the reference 32.

The detail of FIG. 4 which is shown in FIG. 5 illustrates how the rotor stack 36 is assembled. The rotor shaft 41 is pressed into the apertures 25 of the rotor sheets 37 preferably with a slight press fit. Spacing rings 39 have been inserted between the rotor sheets 37. During the mounting of the rotor shaft, the polyparaxylylene layer 59, completely enveloping each rotor sheet 37, is forced out of the aperture in the rotor shaft 37. Surprisingly, it was found that the removed part 61 of the polyparaxylylene is not spread over the rotor shaft 41 at the area of the rotor sheets 37. It was found that a very good electrical contact between rotor shaft 41 and rotor sheets 37 is obtained.

Correct positioning of the rotor sheets 37 can also be obtained by pressing the rotor sheets 37 onto the rotor shaft 41 one after the other, at a clearly defined distance from each other, without insertion of spacing rings 39. Because the stator sheets are completely coated over their entire surfaces with a dielectric layer, it will be necessary to interconnect the sheets electrically during or after the assembly of the stator stacks.

The electrical interconnection of the stator sheets 33 is preferably realized by deformation of the sides 65 of the blades in the stator stack 32, for example, by a scratching or grinding operation. The stator sheets are then electrically interconnected by the spreading of metal. A connection thus established can be further improved by providing a layer of solder between the deformed areas of successive stator sheets.

The said electrical interconnection can also be realized by thermal deformation, for example, by means of a laser beam. The stator sheets can also be electrically interconnected by depositing a layer on the sides of the stator stack by spraying.

Claims (3)

What is claimed is:
1. A method of making a variable capacitor which comprises providing a plurality of metal rotor plates each having an aperture, thereafter vapor depositing a film of polyparaxylylene on each rotor plate in a tumbling operation so that no metal of the rotor plates remains exposed, press fitting each coated rotor plate on a metal shaft to thereby remove at least a portion of the polyparaxylylene film from the plate aperture and provide good electrical contact between the rotor plates and the shaft, adjacent rotor plates being spaced from each other, and assembling the resulting stack of rotor plates in capacitive relationship with a stack of correspondingly spaced metal stator plates.
2. A method according to claim 1, in which the shaft is provided with axially extending ridges.
3. A method according to claim 1, in which the stator plates are also provided with a film of polyparaxylylene.
US05/623,552 1974-10-22 1975-10-17 Method of manufacturing a variable capacitor Expired - Lifetime US4089093A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL7413794 1974-10-22
NL7413794A NL7413794A (en) 1974-10-22 1974-10-22 Method for the production of a capacitor varies reasonable.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US4089093A true US4089093A (en) 1978-05-16

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ID=19822309

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US05/623,552 Expired - Lifetime US4089093A (en) 1974-10-22 1975-10-17 Method of manufacturing a variable capacitor

Country Status (8)

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US (1) US4089093A (en)
JP (1) JPS5732499B2 (en)
CA (1) CA1041746A (en)
DE (1) DE2546332C2 (en)
ES (1) ES441925A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1506414A (en)
IT (1) IT1047206B (en)
NL (1) NL7413794A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4193107A (en) * 1977-03-08 1980-03-11 U.S. Philips Corporation Variable capacitor
EP0523479A2 (en) * 1991-07-17 1993-01-20 International Business Machines Corporation Method for fabricating metal core layers for a multi-layer circuit board

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2248072B (en) * 1990-09-22 1994-03-09 Gec Ferranti Defence Syst A method of fabricating coaxial cable components and coaxial cable components fabricated thereby

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1533611A (en) * 1923-12-22 1925-04-14 New Jersey Res Company Electrical condenser and method of manufacturing the same
US1652118A (en) * 1925-07-01 1927-12-06 Hart & Hegeman Mfg Co Radiocondenser
US1719879A (en) * 1926-03-12 1929-07-09 Gen Electric Electrical condenser
GB788614A (en) * 1955-06-28 1958-01-02 British Dielectric Res Ltd Improvements in or relating to variable capacitors
US3015765A (en) * 1962-01-02 Variable capacitor
US3246627A (en) * 1962-10-05 1966-04-19 Union Carbide Corp Apparatus for vapor deposition
US3252830A (en) * 1958-03-05 1966-05-24 Gen Electric Electric capacitor and method for making the same
DE6605431U (en) * 1967-07-15 1970-05-21 Telefunken Patent variable capacitor
GB1203213A (en) * 1966-09-09 1970-08-26 E R Squibb & Sons Ltd Methods and apparatus for coating small bodies
US3558803A (en) * 1969-08-26 1971-01-26 Revere Copper & Brass Inc Magnet strip conductor
US3861776A (en) * 1973-01-15 1975-01-21 Multilam Corp Electrical connector with terminal lock means
US3911860A (en) * 1973-05-08 1975-10-14 Driam Metallprodukt Gmbh & Co Device for the continuous production of dragees

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE6605432U (en) * 1967-07-15 1970-05-21 Telefunken Patent Stator and / Od. rotor plate for rotating capacitors
FR2097371A5 (en) * 1970-07-03 1972-03-03 Tubes Electroniques
JPS49101856A (en) * 1973-02-03 1974-09-26

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3015765A (en) * 1962-01-02 Variable capacitor
US1533611A (en) * 1923-12-22 1925-04-14 New Jersey Res Company Electrical condenser and method of manufacturing the same
US1652118A (en) * 1925-07-01 1927-12-06 Hart & Hegeman Mfg Co Radiocondenser
US1719879A (en) * 1926-03-12 1929-07-09 Gen Electric Electrical condenser
GB788614A (en) * 1955-06-28 1958-01-02 British Dielectric Res Ltd Improvements in or relating to variable capacitors
US3252830A (en) * 1958-03-05 1966-05-24 Gen Electric Electric capacitor and method for making the same
US3246627A (en) * 1962-10-05 1966-04-19 Union Carbide Corp Apparatus for vapor deposition
GB1203213A (en) * 1966-09-09 1970-08-26 E R Squibb & Sons Ltd Methods and apparatus for coating small bodies
DE6605431U (en) * 1967-07-15 1970-05-21 Telefunken Patent variable capacitor
US3558803A (en) * 1969-08-26 1971-01-26 Revere Copper & Brass Inc Magnet strip conductor
US3861776A (en) * 1973-01-15 1975-01-21 Multilam Corp Electrical connector with terminal lock means
US3911860A (en) * 1973-05-08 1975-10-14 Driam Metallprodukt Gmbh & Co Device for the continuous production of dragees

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4193107A (en) * 1977-03-08 1980-03-11 U.S. Philips Corporation Variable capacitor
EP0523479A2 (en) * 1991-07-17 1993-01-20 International Business Machines Corporation Method for fabricating metal core layers for a multi-layer circuit board
EP0523479A3 (en) * 1991-07-17 1994-11-09 Ibm Method for fabricating metal core layers for a multi-layer circuit board

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ES441925A1 (en) 1977-04-01
DE2546332A1 (en) 1976-04-29
DE2546332C2 (en) 1982-04-29
GB1506414A (en) 1978-04-05
IT1047206B (en) 1980-09-10
NL7413794A (en) 1976-04-26
CA1041746A (en) 1978-11-07
JPS5732499B2 (en) 1982-07-12
CA1041746A1 (en)
JPS5165354A (en) 1976-06-05

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