US391367A - Haeeis p - Google Patents

Haeeis p Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US391367A
US391367A US391367DA US391367A US 391367 A US391367 A US 391367A US 391367D A US391367D A US 391367DA US 391367 A US391367 A US 391367A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
gun
bullet
bore
head
diameter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US391367A publication Critical patent/US391367A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B12/00Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material
    • F42B12/02Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect
    • F42B12/04Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect of armour-piercing type
    • F42B12/06Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect of armour-piercing type with hard or heavy core; Kinetic energy penetrators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A21/00Barrels; Gun tubes; Muzzle attachments; Barrel mounting means
    • F41A21/12Cartridge chambers; Chamber liners
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A21/00Barrels; Gun tubes; Muzzle attachments; Barrel mounting means
    • F41A21/16Barrels or gun tubes characterised by the shape of the bore
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B14/00Projectiles or missiles characterised by arrangements for guiding or sealing them inside barrels, or for lubricating or cleaning barrels
    • F42B14/02Driving bands; Rotating bands

Description

(No Model.)

H. P. HURST.`

PROJECTILB.

Patented Oct, 16, 1888.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

HARRIS P. HURST, OF SUMMIT, MISSISSIPPI, ASSIGNOR'TO THE HURST REINFORCE CARTRIDGE AND 'ARMS COMPANY, OF NEW JERSEY.

PROJ ECTlLE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 391,367, dated October 16, 1888. Application filed November 3, 1387. Serial No. 254,235. (No model.)

To aZZ whom, it may concern.-

Be it known that l, HARRIS P. H Uss'r, residing at Summit, in the county of Pike and State of Mississippi, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Projcctiles, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.

This invention relates to projectiles; and i't consists in the construction of the projectile in such manner that it will lill the chamber or bore of a gun having a large caliber, and will afterward compress to pass through a bore of much smaller' caliber.

The object of the invention is to produce a bullet or similar projectile which will cover a large charge of powder in the chamber of a gun using either a single or a multicharge cartridge, the bullet afterward passing through a smaller bore before leaving the muzzle of the gun.

In the drawings, Figure l is a longitudinal section ofone form of projectile shown in a multicharge cartridge, the cartridge and part of the gun-barrel being similarly shown. Fig. 2 is a longitudi nal section ot' a single-charge cartridge with bullets having two eompressible flanges. Fig. 3 is ascction of a soft-metal bul let having steel core, (the core and point being shown in elevation.) Fig. 4 is a section of a compressible bullet without steel core. Fig. 5 is a detached section of' a bullet similar to that shown in Fig. l, and Fig. 6 is aseetion of a bullet slightly differing from that shown in Fig. 2.

The head of the projectile is solid, of the caliber required to tit snugly in the riding of the gun. A This head may be of lead or similar soft metal, or may be steel or other hard material, as in Fig. 3, in which case a spindle, d, of the hard metal may pass through the bullet andterminate in a base-piece, e. The flange or flanges b in rear of the head a are at their broadest portion c of considerably greater diameter than the head a. This expanded prtion cis of such diameter as to till the chamber of the gun-barrel or cartridgeshelhwhich chamber is of considerably greater diameter than the bore ofthe gun o'.

The bullet is put into a xnultieharge shell,

-cartridge or gun, and shall after the firing be compressed to lit the bore.

The metal of the expanded portion of the bullet will, as it passes along the bore of the gun, be compressed until the entire projectile b lek of the head a will assume a practically cylindrical form, as indicate-l in dotted "lines in several ofthe figures. Where the bullethas a core, the amount of metal in the expanded portion of the bullet is just sufficient to compress solidly on the core and form a solid cylinder equal in diameter to the bore ofthe gun. NVhere the flanges extend from a central spindle the same is true. i

It is obvious that numerous modifications may be made besides the forms shown.

I do not herein claim the cartridge, or the combination of the bullet and its packing with the cartridge-shell, as the same will be embraced in another application.

My theory of operation is that as the bullet is of large diameter and comparatively light weight, a large charge of powder may be burned behind itin the gun-with but little recoil, the bullet being compressed before leaving the gun, so as -o offer but little resistance to the air during lts night.

I claim- 1. A projectile having a cylindrical head ofthe full caliber of the ritled bore of the gun, and a hollow portion in rear thereof enlarged to a rconsiderably greater diameter than the cylindrical portion, so as to fill an enlarged chamberin rear of the rifled bore, substantially as described.

2. The combination, with the head of a projectile of the diameter of the bore of the gun, of a flange inl rear thereof of greater diameter than'thc head, but containing metal in such quantity as to form with the body of the projectile when compressed a compact cylinder of 'the diameter of the head.

3. The combination, in aprojectilc,ofa head of substantially the caliber of the main bore In testimony wheieof I affix my signature in of lolie gun, a hard-metaal spindle extending `presence of two witnesses.- backward from said head,andasoftmetal band l of considerably greater diameter than the main H ARRIS P'. BURST' 5 bore of the gun surrounding said spindle and /Vitnesses:

leaving a space between said band and spindle W. A. BARTLETT,

until Inhe band is compressed, as stated. SAML. C. MILLs.

US391367D Haeeis p Expired - Lifetime US391367A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US391367A true US391367A (en) 1888-10-16

Family

ID=2460343

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US391367D Expired - Lifetime US391367A (en) Haeeis p

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US391367A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3450050A (en) * 1961-08-04 1969-06-17 Colts Inc Salvo squeezebore projectiles
US3580179A (en) * 1967-09-06 1971-05-25 Dynamit Nobel Ag Ammunition for target practice or other short-range purposes
US3745923A (en) * 1971-11-16 1973-07-17 Us Army Training cartridge
US4077147A (en) * 1962-01-26 1978-03-07 Donnard Reed E Underwater side arm
US8438767B2 (en) * 2006-10-24 2013-05-14 P-Bar Co., Llc Expanding projectile

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3450050A (en) * 1961-08-04 1969-06-17 Colts Inc Salvo squeezebore projectiles
US4077147A (en) * 1962-01-26 1978-03-07 Donnard Reed E Underwater side arm
US3580179A (en) * 1967-09-06 1971-05-25 Dynamit Nobel Ag Ammunition for target practice or other short-range purposes
US3745923A (en) * 1971-11-16 1973-07-17 Us Army Training cartridge
US8438767B2 (en) * 2006-10-24 2013-05-14 P-Bar Co., Llc Expanding projectile

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20190086185A1 (en) Advanced Modular Ammunition and Cartridges and Systems
US7380505B1 (en) Muzzleloading firearm projectile
Heard Handbook of firearms and ballistics: examining and interpreting forensic evidence
US5677505A (en) Reduced energy cartridge
US5492063A (en) Reduced energy cartridge
US4444115A (en) Cartridge-type munition having a destructible or partially combustible casing
US3785293A (en) Practice ammunition
ES2550628T3 (en) One piece coated core ammo
US4142467A (en) Projectile with sabot
KR20130041309A (en) Projectile
US7302892B1 (en) Sabot and shotshell combination
US20050235861A1 (en) Cartridge munition, particularly one of medium caliber
US2872864A (en) Center-guide for fin-stabilized fixed round ammunition
US2045964A (en) Casing projectile
US2489953A (en) Projectile operating with rocket propulsion
US2382152A (en) Projectile adapter
US34615A (en) Improvement in cartridges for fire-arms
US5214238A (en) Sabot for chambering conventional bullets in a shotgun
US8522683B2 (en) Method for producing a shell and a shell with a sabot projectile produced by this method
US694295A (en) Cartridge.
US3482516A (en) Caseless cartridges having the projectile housed in the propellant charge
US692819A (en) Means for effecting noiseless discharge of guns.
US1191357A (en) Cartridge-projectile.
US20050016414A1 (en) Ammunition for pistols and carbines
US1376530A (en) Cartridge for small-arms, machine-guns, and the like