US3877364A - Method for continuous extraction of liquid from a pasty suspension - Google Patents

Method for continuous extraction of liquid from a pasty suspension Download PDF

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Publication number
US3877364A
US3877364A US18223971A US3877364A US 3877364 A US3877364 A US 3877364A US 18223971 A US18223971 A US 18223971A US 3877364 A US3877364 A US 3877364A
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United States
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suspension
liquid
belt
face
strip
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Guy Jacquelin
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Centre Technique de Lindustrie des Papiers Cartons et
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Centre Technique de Lindustrie des Papiers Cartons et
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Priority to US4703770A priority Critical
Application filed by Centre Technique de Lindustrie des Papiers Cartons et filed Critical Centre Technique de Lindustrie des Papiers Cartons et
Priority to US18223971 priority patent/US3877364A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/24Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using an endless pressing band
    • B30B9/241Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using an endless pressing band co-operating with a drum or roller
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F1/00Wet end of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F1/0027Screen-cloths
    • D21F1/0063Perforated sheets
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F3/00Press section of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F3/02Wet presses
    • D21F3/029Wet presses using special water-receiving belts

Abstract

A method for the continuous extraction of a liquid from a pasty suspension arranged in a layer on a support strip comprising elastically-deformable permeable zones separated by impermeable zones, the permeable zones putting into communication with each other the two faces of the strip are each subjected to a progressive contraction moving from the face in contact with the suspension towards the free face of the support. The compression pressure is obtained by passing the suspension-strip combination between press cylinders.

Description

United States Patent Jacquelin Apr. 15, 1975 [5 METHOD FOR CONTINUOUS 2,866,827 12/1958 Jurgeleit et a1. 210/400 ux EXTRACTION LIQUID FROM A PASTY 2,881,127 4/1959 Hetzel 210/400 X 3,520,251 7/1970 Bodme 100/121 X SUSPENSION Inventor: Guy Jacquelin, Grenoble, France Assignee: Centre Technique de lIndustrie des papiers, Cartons et Celluloses, Grenoble-Gare, Isere, France Filed: Sept. 20, 1971 Appl. No.: 182,239

Related U.S. Application Data Division of Ser. No. 47,037, June 17, 1970, Pat. No. 3,669,011.

U.S. Cl. 100/37 Int. Cl. A47j 19/02; B30b 9/02 Field of Search 100/118, 37, 121; 210/400,

210/401, 359, 386, DIG. 21

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Fedeler, Jr 210/401 Primary ExaminerPeter Feldman Attorney, Agent, or FirmChar1es E. Baxley, Esquire [57] ABSTRACT A method for the continuous extraction of a liquid from a pasty suspension arranged in a layer on a support strip comprising elastically-deformable permeable zones separated by impermeable zones, the permeable zones putting into communication with each other the two faces of the strip are each subjected to a progressive contraction moving from the face in contact with the suspension towards the free face of the support. The compression pressure is obtained by passing the suspension-strip combination between press cylinders.

4 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures v a i III/111112114 METHOD FOR CONTINUOUS EXTRACTION OF LIQUID FROM A PASTY SUSPENSION CROSS REFERENCE This application is a divisional application with respect to. my copending application Ser. No. 47.037 filed June 17, 1970, now U.S. Pat. No. 3,669,011.

The present invention relates to a method of continuous extraction of a liquid contained in a pasty suspension.

A conventional method of extraction consists of compressing, between the cylinders of a press, the pasty suspension arranged in a layer on a permeable support. If so desired, this suspension can be previously thickened by filtration.

However, the proportion of liquid extracted from thepasty material by this method is limited; in fact, the liquid extracted by continuous pressing in the compression zone of the cylinders flows back partially towards the upstream side and dilutes the suspension. This dilution may in certain cases by developed to the point at which the continuity of the pasty layer is broken.

ln addition, the liquid absorbed by the permeable support is partly restored to the concentrated pasty material at the outlet of the cylinders, at the moment of release of pressure on the pasty layer. This disadvantage. due to a suction effect by decompression has been limited by certain devices comprising an under-fabric of synthetic material and recesses which retain the absorbed liquid. These devices limit the effect of suction by the layer during the compression, but they do not wholly eliminate this phenomenon.

The present invention is intended to obtain a systematic separation of the liquid expelled from the pasty layer by preventing its return movements at the outlet of the press. To this end, a method of continuous extraction of a liquid contained in a pasty suspension, previously thickened by filtration if so required, consists of compressing between press cylinders, the suspension arranged in a layer on a permeable support. According to the invention, at the level of the press cylinders, permeable and elastically-deformable zones are subjected to a progressive contraction; these zones provided in the support between fluid-tight zones, put the two faces of the support into communication, the said contraction progressing in the centre of each of the permeable zones. from the face in contact with the suspension to the free face of the support.

Thus, by compression of the pasty layer, the liquid is extracted from the suspension and is then absorbed by the permeable zones of the support; the progressive contraction of these zones tends to expel this liquid towards the free face of the support at which it is collected. This transfer of liquid is irreversible, due to the progression of the contraction which is effected from the face in contact with the suspension to the free face. thereby preventing any return of liquid by suction, to the pasty layer.

At a given moment, there exists in each permeable zone a depression upstream of the contracted section, which is located downstream of the press cylinders, namely in the part of the permeable zone located on the suspension side, while an over-pressure exists downstream of this contracted section, which is located upstream of the press cylinders, namely in the part of the permeable zone located on the side of the free face.

The upstream liquid is thus sucked towards the contracted section while the downstream liquid is expelled towards the free face of the support, in an irreversible manner.

The invention also relates to a flexible, endless support-strip intended for carrying the method described into effect. A strip according to the invention comprises elastically-deformable permeable zones sepa rated by fluid-tight zones, the said permeable zones putting the two faces of the strip into communication and being capable of having an oblique direction with respect to the normal to the planes of these two faces.

The method of operation of a support-strip of this kind is as follows: The strip is caused to move parallel to its axis, and the active side which supports the suspension layer passes between the press cylinders. Between the press cylinders, the permeable zones have an oblique direction with respect to the normal to the planes of the two faces of the strip, either by their structure or by the effect of the action of the cylinders. The axis of these zones, orientated from the face in contact with the suspension towards the free face, forms an obtuse angle with the direction of movement of the strip, orientated in the direction of forward movement.

When it passes between the cylinders, the assembly of the flexible strip and the suspension layer is compressed. Each oblique permeable zone is subjected to a contraction in its section located between the cylinders. Due to the forward movement of the strip and the obliquity previously referred to, this contraction progresses through each permeable zone from the face in contact with the suspension to the free face. As has already been explained, the liquid expelled by the compression of the suspension is thus irreversibly directed towards the free face of the strip. The liquid downstream of the contracted section is expelled towards this free face. while the upstream liquid is sucked towards this face.

According to a first form of construction, the perm eable zones may be constituted by a plurality of parallel channels, having an oblique direction with respect to the normal to the planes of the two faces of the strip. The progressive contraction which passes along these channels produces an actual pumping effect on the liquid of the suspension.

According to other forms of construction, the strip 4 may be constituted by a succession of inclined thin porous plates separated from each other by thin inclined fluid-tight plates. It may also be formed by a plurality of small flexible tubes with a hollow core, suspended from a thin flexible strip pierced with holes facing the core of the said small flexible tubes. In the position of rest, these hollow-core tubes may be perpendicular to the faces of the strip, but at the moment of passing into the press they take-up an inclined direction which is essential for carrying the method described into effect.

Furthermore, for certain kinds of suspension, an intermediate filtering fabric may be provided between the suspension layer and the support-strip.

The description which follows below with reference to the accompanying drawings gives by way of nonlimitative example several forms of embodiment of the invention. In these drawings:

FIG. 1 is a diagram intended to facilitate understanding of the principle of the method according to the invention;

FIGS. 2 and 3 are partial views in perspective of two support-strips according to the invention.

An endless flexible strip of impermeable material. of which one side is shown at l in FIG. 1, comprises a plurality of oblique channels such as 2, putting its two faces 3 and 4 into communication. The angle 01 shown in FIG. 1 between the axis of forward movement of the strip and the direction of the channels is an obtuse angle. The upper face 3 of the working side of the strip 1 carries a layer 5 of a pasty suspension which has been thickened by prior filtration.

The strip 1, which is given a movement of translation (from right to left in FIG. 1), is intended to pass be tween press cylinders 6 and 7 which subject the strip and the layer 5 to a local compression. Means shown diagrammatically at 8 for collecting the extracted liquid are also provided underneath this strip 1.

The method of extraction of the liquid by means of this strip is as follows: at a given moment, the orifices (suspension side) of certain channels such as the channel 2a. reach the threshold of the zone compressed by the cylinders. The liquid expelled from this compressed zone passes through these orifices and flows out into the channels 20.

A moment later. the orifices (suspension side) of these channels pass between the cylinders and are subjected to a contraction due to these cylinders (channels in the position of the channel 21)). The liquid contained in these channels is driven in the direction of the arrows towards the free face of the strip.

The contracted section then progresses in each of these channels towards the free face (channel 2c). The liquid located on the side of the face 4 with respect to the contracted section is driven towards this face, while the liquid located on the side of the face 3 is sucked towards the contracted section.

The orifice on the side of the face 4 finally reaches the zone compressed by the cylinders (channel 211); it is thus subjected to a contraction which blocks it, thus preventing the liquid extracted from being sucked towards the face 3 by a suction effect caused by the decompression of the suspension layer 5.

It will thus be understood that by this pumping effect directed from the face 3 towards the face 4, the transfer of liquid becomes irreversible.

In the particular form of construction shown in FIG. 2, the channels are simply constituted by small tubes 9 with a hollow core, suspended underneath a thin flexible strip 10. in the position of rest. these tubes 9 are perpendicular to the plane of the strip 10, but they take-up an oblique direction, similar to that of the channels 2, at the moment of passage between the press cylinders.

The support-strip shown in FIG. 3 is formed by a juxtaposition of impermeable oblique plates 11 and porous oblique plates 12. These plates 12 may be formed from a pourous fabric.

It will of course be understood that the present invention is not limited to the terms of the foregoing description, but comprises on the contrary all the alternative forms within the scope of those skilled in the art. The dimensions. angles. distribution of the channels thickness of the strip. deformability. etc., are naturally adapted to the products to be treated, to the speeds and other characteristics of the pressing action.

In particular. in certain cases. it may be advantageous to add on the surface an interposed filtering fabric so as to limit fouling of the strip or to reduce its imprints on the material to be concentrated.

It is furthermore obviously possible to utilize at the same time two similar endless strips located on each side of the layer of material to be treated.

What l claim is:

l. A process for extracting continuously liquid from a suspension containing solids by means of a belt having two parallel faces and a lengthwise dimension greater than its widthwise dimension; said belt being flat, flexible, deformable, liquid-tight and traversed in its thickness by conduits which place its two faces in communication permitting passage of the liquid from one face to the other; in which process:

a. a layer of the suspension is deposited on one of the faces of the said belt;

b. the belt, after the suspension is deposited as stated in step (a), is deformed by applying to its entire width a force of compression substantially perpendicular to its faces, thus effecting in the zone of compression a temporary obturation on a part of each conduit by constriction of said conduit;

c. and causing the force of compression to advance in translation in the direction of the length of the belt so that the conduits have, at least at the place of the compression, an inclination with respect to the plane of the belt, and that their obturated portion is displaced from the end thereof in contact with the suspension layer to their opposite end thus causing a pumping effect which transfers the liquid from the suspension towards the opposite face'of the belt.

2. The process according to claim 1 in which the pumping is effected along conduits pierced obliquely in the deformable, flexible, solid belt.

3. The process according to claim 1 in which the pumping is effected along conduits a portion of which protrudes beyond the face of the belt opposite the face in contact with the layer of suspension, this protruding portion placing itself in oblique position by flexing at the time of its passage through the compression zone.

4. The process according to claim 1 in which the pumping is effected across conduits consisting of a porous material.

Claims (4)

1. A PROCESS FOR EXTRACTING CONTINUOUSLY LIQUID FROM A SUSPENSION CONTAINING SOLIDS BY MEANS OF A BELT HAVING TWO PARALLEL FACES AND A LENGTHWISE DIMENSION; GREATER THAN ITS WIDTHWISE DIMENSION; SAID BELT BEING FLAT, FLEXIBLE, DEFORMABLE, LIQUID TIGHT AND TRAVERSED IN ITS THICKNESS BY CONDUITS WHICH PLACE ITS TWO FACES IN COMMUNICATION PERMITTING PASSAGE OF THE LIQUID FROM ONE FACE TO THE OTHER; IN WHICH PROCESS: A. A LAYER OF THE SUSPENSION IS DEPOSITED ON ONE OF THE FACES OF THE SAID BELT; B. THE BELT, AFTER THE SUSPENSION IS DEPOSITED AS STATED IN STEP (A), IS DEFORMED BY APPLYING TO ITS ENTIRE WIDTH A FORCE OF COMPRESSION SUBSTANTIALLY PERPENDICULAR TO ITS FACES, THUS EFFECTING IN THE ZONE OF COMPRESSION A TEMPORARY OBTURATION ON A PART OF EACH CONDUIT BY CONSTRICTION OF SAID CONDUIT;
2. The process according to claim 1 in which the pumping is effected along conduits pierced obliquely in the deformable, flexible, solid belt.
3. The process according to claim 1 in which the pumping is effected along conduits a portion of which protrudes beyond the face of the belt opposite the face in contact with the layer of suspension, this protruding portion placing itself in oblique position by flexing at the time of its passage through the compression zone.
4. The process according to claim 1 in which the pumping is effected across conduits consisting of a porous material.
US18223971 1970-06-17 1971-09-20 Method for continuous extraction of liquid from a pasty suspension Expired - Lifetime US3877364A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0037387A1 (en) * 1980-04-01 1981-10-07 Nordiskafilt Ab A sheet assembly and method of manufacturing same
DE4411621A1 (en) * 1994-04-02 1995-10-05 Voith Sulzer Papiermasch Gmbh Long-life abrasion-proof pressing cover to drain water from paper web
GB2295166A (en) * 1994-11-21 1996-05-22 Tohoku Ricoh Co Limited Porous sheet for the drum of a stencil printer
US5740734A (en) * 1995-02-10 1998-04-21 Tohoku Ricoh Co., Ltd. Drum and stencil for a stencil printer
GB2453353A (en) * 2007-10-03 2009-04-08 Dyson Technology Ltd Domestic Appliance
US20090092722A1 (en) * 2007-10-03 2009-04-09 Dyson Technology Limited Juice extractor
US20090092721A1 (en) * 2007-10-03 2009-04-09 Dyson Technology Limited Juice extractor
US20110011811A1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-01-20 Gordon H. King Apparatus and method for the treatment of liquid/solid mixtures
WO2019185210A1 (en) * 2018-03-26 2019-10-03 Voith Patent Gmbh Covering for a machine for producing a fibrous web and method for producing a covering of this type

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2197610A (en) * 1938-06-09 1940-04-16 Thos C Stephens Filter installation and filtering procedure
US2866827A (en) * 1955-04-28 1958-12-30 Glanzstoff Ag Process for the recovery of glycols from liquid hydrocarbons
US2881127A (en) * 1955-12-30 1959-04-07 Sun Oil Co Separation process
US3520251A (en) * 1967-02-10 1970-07-14 Albert G Bodine Sonic dehydration of precipitate

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2197610A (en) * 1938-06-09 1940-04-16 Thos C Stephens Filter installation and filtering procedure
US2866827A (en) * 1955-04-28 1958-12-30 Glanzstoff Ag Process for the recovery of glycols from liquid hydrocarbons
US2881127A (en) * 1955-12-30 1959-04-07 Sun Oil Co Separation process
US3520251A (en) * 1967-02-10 1970-07-14 Albert G Bodine Sonic dehydration of precipitate

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0037387A1 (en) * 1980-04-01 1981-10-07 Nordiskafilt Ab A sheet assembly and method of manufacturing same
DE4411621A1 (en) * 1994-04-02 1995-10-05 Voith Sulzer Papiermasch Gmbh Long-life abrasion-proof pressing cover to drain water from paper web
GB2295166A (en) * 1994-11-21 1996-05-22 Tohoku Ricoh Co Limited Porous sheet for the drum of a stencil printer
US5662040A (en) * 1994-11-21 1997-09-02 Tohoku Ricoh Co., Ltd. Structures of a drum and a stencil for a stencil printer
GB2295166B (en) * 1994-11-21 1998-09-02 Tohoku Riko Kk Structures of a drum and a stencil for a stencil printer
US5740734A (en) * 1995-02-10 1998-04-21 Tohoku Ricoh Co., Ltd. Drum and stencil for a stencil printer
US5855169A (en) * 1995-02-10 1999-01-05 Tohoku Ricoh Co., Ltd. Drum and stencil for a stencil printing
GB2453353A (en) * 2007-10-03 2009-04-08 Dyson Technology Ltd Domestic Appliance
US20090092722A1 (en) * 2007-10-03 2009-04-09 Dyson Technology Limited Juice extractor
US20090092721A1 (en) * 2007-10-03 2009-04-09 Dyson Technology Limited Juice extractor
US20110011811A1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-01-20 Gordon H. King Apparatus and method for the treatment of liquid/solid mixtures
US8074809B2 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-12-13 Gordon H. King Apparatus and method for the treatment of liquid/solid mixtures
WO2019185210A1 (en) * 2018-03-26 2019-10-03 Voith Patent Gmbh Covering for a machine for producing a fibrous web and method for producing a covering of this type

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