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Publication number
US3848600B1
US3848600B1 US32812073A US3848600B1 US 3848600 B1 US3848600 B1 US 3848600B1 US 32812073 A US32812073 A US 32812073A US 3848600 B1 US3848600 B1 US 3848600B1
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AMERICAN HOSPITAL SUPPLY Corp EVANSTON ILLINOIS A CORP OF ILLINOIS
NDM Acquisition Corp
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AMERICAN HOSPITAL SUPPLY Corp EVANSTON ILLINOIS A CORP OF ILLINOIS
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
    • A61B18/14Probes or electrodes therefor
    • A61B18/16Indifferent or passive electrodes for grounding
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N1/00Electrotherapy; Circuits therefor
    • A61N1/02Details
    • A61N1/04Electrodes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B2562/00Details of sensors; Constructional details of sensor housings or probes; Accessories for sensors
    • A61B2562/12Manufacturing methods specially adapted for producing sensors for in-vivo measurements
    • A61B2562/125Manufacturing methods specially adapted for producing sensors for in-vivo measurements characterised by the manufacture of electrodes
US3848600B1 1972-02-03 1973-01-30 Expired - Lifetime US3848600B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US22310772 true 1972-02-03 1972-02-03
US3848600B1 US3848600B1 (en) 1972-02-03 1973-01-30

Applications Claiming Priority (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3848600B1 US3848600B1 (en) 1972-02-03 1973-01-30
FR7303787A FR2170227B1 (en) 1972-02-03 1973-02-02
CA 162762 CA993958A (en) 1972-02-03 1973-02-02 Indifferent electrode in electrosurgical procedures
DE19732305220 DE2305220A1 (en) 1972-02-03 1973-02-02 Inactive electrode for electrosurgical interventions
JP1420873A JPS6158177B2 (en) 1972-02-03 1973-02-03
GB555973A GB1425851A (en) 1972-02-03 1973-02-05 Indifferent elec-rode-e'ectrolyte assembly in electrosurgical procedures

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3848600A US3848600A (en) 1974-11-19
US3848600B1 true US3848600B1 (en) 1988-06-21

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US3848600B1 Expired - Lifetime US3848600B1 (en) 1972-02-03 1973-01-30

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US (1) US3848600B1 (en)
JP (1) JPS6158177B2 (en)
CA (1) CA993958A (en)
DE (1) DE2305220A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2170227B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1425851A (en)

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US3989036A (en) * 1975-04-02 1976-11-02 Dia Medical System Co., Ltd. Biophysical electrode
US4067322A (en) * 1974-07-19 1978-01-10 Johnson Joseph H Disposable, pre-gel body electrodes
US4088133A (en) * 1976-09-13 1978-05-09 Products International Company Electrode for electrosurgical procedure
US4092985A (en) * 1974-11-25 1978-06-06 John George Kaufman Body electrode for electro-medical use
US4126126A (en) * 1976-07-27 1978-11-21 C. R. Bard, Inc. Non-metallic pregelled electrode
WO1979000042A1 (en) * 1977-07-13 1979-02-08 A Mercuri Biomedical electrode assembly
US4164226A (en) * 1976-08-25 1979-08-14 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic burn-protection electrode structure
US4166465A (en) * 1977-10-17 1979-09-04 Neomed Incorporated Electrosurgical dispersive electrode
US4188927A (en) * 1978-01-12 1980-02-19 Valleylab, Inc. Multiple source electrosurgical generator
US4196737A (en) * 1978-04-21 1980-04-08 C. R. Bard, Inc. Transcutaneous electrode construction
US4200104A (en) * 1977-11-17 1980-04-29 Valleylab, Inc. Contact area measurement apparatus for use in electrosurgery
US4211222A (en) * 1976-08-25 1980-07-08 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic burn-protection method
EP0013613A1 (en) * 1979-01-08 1980-07-23 Johnson & Johnson Products Inc. Electrosurgical grounding pad
US4303073A (en) * 1980-01-17 1981-12-01 Medical Plastics, Inc. Electrosurgery safety monitor
US4304235A (en) * 1978-09-12 1981-12-08 Kaufman John George Electrosurgical electrode
US4343308A (en) * 1980-06-09 1982-08-10 Gross Robert D Surgical ground detector
US4387714A (en) * 1981-05-13 1983-06-14 Purdue Research Foundation Electrosurgical dispersive electrode
US4416274A (en) * 1981-02-23 1983-11-22 Motion Control, Inc. Ion mobility limiting iontophoretic bioelectrode
US4419998A (en) * 1980-08-08 1983-12-13 R2 Corporation Physiological electrode systems
US4441501A (en) * 1982-03-08 1984-04-10 Ndm Corporation Medical electrode
US4441500A (en) * 1980-04-17 1984-04-10 Ferris Manufacturing Corp. EKG Electrode
US4494541A (en) * 1980-01-17 1985-01-22 Medical Plastics, Inc. Electrosurgery safety monitor
US4635641A (en) * 1985-10-16 1987-01-13 Murray Electronics Associates Limited Multi-element electrode
US4669468A (en) * 1979-06-15 1987-06-02 American Hospital Supply Corporation Capacitively coupled indifferent electrode
US4700710A (en) * 1985-03-12 1987-10-20 Murray Electronics Associates Limited Partnership Apertured adhesively applied body electrode apparatus and method
US4722726A (en) * 1986-02-12 1988-02-02 Key Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method and apparatus for iontophoretic drug delivery
US4722761A (en) * 1986-03-28 1988-02-02 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Method of making a medical electrode
US4799480A (en) * 1987-08-04 1989-01-24 Conmed Electrode for electrosurgical apparatus
US4955381A (en) * 1988-08-26 1990-09-11 Cardiotronics, Inc. Multi-pad, multi-function electrode
US5080099A (en) * 1988-08-26 1992-01-14 Cardiotronics, Inc. Multi-pad, multi-function electrode
US5087241A (en) * 1990-07-24 1992-02-11 Empi, Inc. Iontophoresis electrode with reservoir and injection site
WO1992004937A1 (en) * 1990-09-10 1992-04-02 Henley Julian L Iontophoretic drug delivery apparatus
US5566672A (en) * 1994-01-03 1996-10-22 Labeltape Meditect, Inc. Biomedical electrode
EP0836864A3 (en) * 1996-10-18 2000-03-08 Graphic Controls Corporation Defibrillator electrode
US6053910A (en) * 1996-10-30 2000-04-25 Megadyne Medical Products, Inc. Capacitive reusable electrosurgical return electrode
US6083221A (en) * 1996-10-30 2000-07-04 Megadyne Medical Products, Inc. Resistive reusable electrosurgical return electrode
US6454764B1 (en) 1996-10-30 2002-09-24 Richard P. Fleenor Self-limiting electrosurgical return electrode
US6544258B2 (en) 1996-10-30 2003-04-08 Mega-Dyne Medical Products, Inc. Pressure sore pad having self-limiting electrosurgical return electrode properties and optional heating/cooling capabilities
US6582424B2 (en) 1996-10-30 2003-06-24 Megadyne Medical Products, Inc. Capacitive reusable electrosurgical return electrode
US20030176908A1 (en) * 2002-03-18 2003-09-18 Hsin-Yi Lin Water-impregnable electrode for electrical stimulation device
WO2003094766A2 (en) * 2002-05-09 2003-11-20 Megadyne Medical Products, Inc. Self-limiting electrosurgical return electrode
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US6792306B2 (en) 2000-03-10 2004-09-14 Biophoretic Therapeutic Systems, Llc Finger-mounted electrokinetic delivery system for self-administration of medicaments and methods therefor
US6895271B2 (en) 1998-09-15 2005-05-17 Biophoretic Therapeutic Systems, Llc Iontophoretic drug delivery electrodes and method
US20050113817A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-05-26 Isaacson James D. Tuned return electrode with matching inductor
US6989275B2 (en) 1986-04-18 2006-01-24 Carnegie Mellon University Cyanine dyes as labeling reagents for detection of biological and other materials by luminescence methods
US20060025837A1 (en) * 1996-01-05 2006-02-02 Stern Roger A Handpiece with RF electrode and non-volatile memory
US7044948B2 (en) 2002-12-10 2006-05-16 Sherwood Services Ag Circuit for controlling arc energy from an electrosurgical generator
US20060206110A1 (en) * 1996-01-05 2006-09-14 Thermage, Inc. Handpiece with RF electrode and non-volative memory
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US20070167695A1 (en) * 2004-03-05 2007-07-19 Erbe Elektromedizin Gmbh Neutral electrode for hf surgery
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US20090228000A1 (en) * 2008-03-05 2009-09-10 Michael Cao Disposable Apparatus for Patient Grounding
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US7648499B2 (en) 2006-03-21 2010-01-19 Covidien Ag System and method for generating radio frequency energy
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US7651492B2 (en) 2006-04-24 2010-01-26 Covidien Ag Arc based adaptive control system for an electrosurgical unit
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US7749217B2 (en) 2002-05-06 2010-07-06 Covidien Ag Method and system for optically detecting blood and controlling a generator during electrosurgery
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US7947039B2 (en) 2005-12-12 2011-05-24 Covidien Ag Laparoscopic apparatus for performing electrosurgical procedures
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Cited By (159)

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US4067322A (en) * 1974-07-19 1978-01-10 Johnson Joseph H Disposable, pre-gel body electrodes
US4092985A (en) * 1974-11-25 1978-06-06 John George Kaufman Body electrode for electro-medical use
US3989036A (en) * 1975-04-02 1976-11-02 Dia Medical System Co., Ltd. Biophysical electrode
US4126126A (en) * 1976-07-27 1978-11-21 C. R. Bard, Inc. Non-metallic pregelled electrode
US4164226A (en) * 1976-08-25 1979-08-14 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic burn-protection electrode structure
US4211222A (en) * 1976-08-25 1980-07-08 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic burn-protection method
US4088133A (en) * 1976-09-13 1978-05-09 Products International Company Electrode for electrosurgical procedure
US4161174A (en) * 1977-07-13 1979-07-17 Mercuri Albert R Biomedical electrode assembly
WO1979000042A1 (en) * 1977-07-13 1979-02-08 A Mercuri Biomedical electrode assembly
US4166465A (en) * 1977-10-17 1979-09-04 Neomed Incorporated Electrosurgical dispersive electrode
US4200104A (en) * 1977-11-17 1980-04-29 Valleylab, Inc. Contact area measurement apparatus for use in electrosurgery
US4188927A (en) * 1978-01-12 1980-02-19 Valleylab, Inc. Multiple source electrosurgical generator
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US4304235A (en) * 1978-09-12 1981-12-08 Kaufman John George Electrosurgical electrode
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US4669468A (en) * 1979-06-15 1987-06-02 American Hospital Supply Corporation Capacitively coupled indifferent electrode
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US4387714A (en) * 1981-05-13 1983-06-14 Purdue Research Foundation Electrosurgical dispersive electrode
US4441501A (en) * 1982-03-08 1984-04-10 Ndm Corporation Medical electrode
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US4635641A (en) * 1985-10-16 1987-01-13 Murray Electronics Associates Limited Multi-element electrode
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US6989275B2 (en) 1986-04-18 2006-01-24 Carnegie Mellon University Cyanine dyes as labeling reagents for detection of biological and other materials by luminescence methods
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US20070265614A1 (en) * 1996-01-05 2007-11-15 Thermage, Inc. Rf device with thermo-electric cooler
US20060206110A1 (en) * 1996-01-05 2006-09-14 Thermage, Inc. Handpiece with RF electrode and non-volative memory
US8221410B2 (en) 1996-01-05 2012-07-17 Thermage, Inc. Methods for creating tissue effect utilizing electromagnetic energy and a reverse thermal gradient
US8685017B2 (en) 1996-01-05 2014-04-01 Thermage, Inc. Method and kit for treatment of tissue
US7481809B2 (en) * 1996-01-05 2009-01-27 Thermage, Inc. Handpiece with RF electrode and non-volatile memory
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US7166102B2 (en) 1996-10-30 2007-01-23 Megadyne Medical Products, Inc. Self-limiting electrosurgical return electrode
US7367971B2 (en) 1996-10-30 2008-05-06 Megadyne Medical Products, Inc. Self-limiting electrosurgical return electrode
US6582424B2 (en) 1996-10-30 2003-06-24 Megadyne Medical Products, Inc. Capacitive reusable electrosurgical return electrode
US6544258B2 (en) 1996-10-30 2003-04-08 Mega-Dyne Medical Products, Inc. Pressure sore pad having self-limiting electrosurgical return electrode properties and optional heating/cooling capabilities
US6454764B1 (en) 1996-10-30 2002-09-24 Richard P. Fleenor Self-limiting electrosurgical return electrode
US6666859B1 (en) 1996-10-30 2003-12-23 Megadyne Medical Products, Inc. Self-limiting electrosurgical return electrode
US6214000B1 (en) 1996-10-30 2001-04-10 Richard P. Fleenor Capacitive reusable electrosurgical return electrode
US6083221A (en) * 1996-10-30 2000-07-04 Megadyne Medical Products, Inc. Resistive reusable electrosurgical return electrode
US20070118103A1 (en) * 1996-10-30 2007-05-24 Mega-Dyne Medical Products, Inc. Self-Limiting Electrosurgical Return Electrode
US6053910A (en) * 1996-10-30 2000-04-25 Megadyne Medical Products, Inc. Capacitive reusable electrosurgical return electrode
USRE40388E1 (en) 1997-04-09 2008-06-17 Covidien Ag Electrosurgical generator with adaptive power control
US6895271B2 (en) 1998-09-15 2005-05-17 Biophoretic Therapeutic Systems, Llc Iontophoretic drug delivery electrodes and method
US7901400B2 (en) 1998-10-23 2011-03-08 Covidien Ag Method and system for controlling output of RF medical generator
US8287528B2 (en) 1998-10-23 2012-10-16 Covidien Ag Vessel sealing system
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US3848600A (en) 1974-11-19 grant
FR2170227B1 (en) 1978-06-23 grant
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CA993958A (en) 1976-07-27 grant
JPS49108885A (en) 1974-10-16 application
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GB1425851A (en) 1976-02-18 application

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