US3821884A - Sliding door lock system - Google Patents

Sliding door lock system Download PDF

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US3821884A
US3821884A US33312373A US3821884A US 3821884 A US3821884 A US 3821884A US 33312373 A US33312373 A US 33312373A US 3821884 A US3821884 A US 3821884A
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Prior art keywords
bar
panel
doorway
channel
fixed
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R Walsh
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R Walsh
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B65/00Locks or fastenings for special use
    • E05B65/08Locks or fastenings for special use for sliding wings
    • E05B65/0888Locking bars
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/23Cross bars
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/28Extension link
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/50Special application
    • Y10T70/5093For closures
    • Y10T70/5155Door
    • Y10T70/5173Sliding door
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7441Key
    • Y10T70/7915Tampering prevention or attack defeating
    • Y10T70/7921Armoring

Abstract

A multiple-locking bar for securing a sliding glass door and preventing a fixed glass door adjacent the sliding glass door from being pried outward or forced inward; the bar is pivotally attached to the fixed door, and pivots to a horizontal position in the path of the sliding door to block the sliding door; in various embodiments a key-lock-controlled bolt at the free end of the bar engages a keeper on the edge of the sliding door, a bolt extension at the pivoted end of the bar engages the jamb channel ordinarily supplied with glass door installations, a hook on the bar engages the fixed door, and an offset angle engages wall structure adjacent the glass door installation, to prevent forcing the fixed door in or out and to secure the sliding door; special locking bolt and keeper structures are also disclosed.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 [111 3,821,884

Walsh 9 i [4 Jul 2, 1974 SLIDING DOOR LOCK SYSTEM Primary Examiner-Albert G. Craig, Jr.

[76] Inventor: Ronald A. Walsh, 3631 Valley Ter., Mcclellan Baltimore, Md. 21207 [5 7] ABSTRACT A multiple-locking bar for securing a sliding glass door and preventing a fixed glass door adjacent the sliding glass door from being pried outward or forced inward; the bar is pivotally attached to the fixed door, and pivots to a horizontal position in the path of the sliding door to block the sliding door; in various embodiments a key-lock-controlled bolt at the free end of the bar engages a keeper on the edge of the sliding door, a bolt extension at the pivoted end of the bar engages the jamb channel ordinarily supplied with glass door installations, a hook on the bar engages the fixed door, and an offset angle engages wall structure adjacent the glass door installation, to prevent forcing the fixed door in or out and to secure the sliding door; special locking bolt and keeper structures are also disclosed.

8 Claims, 13 Drawing Figures PAIENYED Jill. 2 I974 SHEET 1 BF 4 PAFENFEHJuL 21am SHEET 3 OF 4 SLIDING DOOR LOCK SYSTEM This invention relates generally to fastening devices and specifically to sliding panel securances such as sliding glass door securances and the like.

In the prior art, various pivoting bars have been disclosed as door locks and window fasteners but until the present invention no universally adaptable pry-proof locking system for modern channel jamb building access sliding glass doors has been available. Such installations ordinarily include a fixed panel and a sliding panel adapted to move in a plane adjacently parallel to the fixed panel. The most commonly described method of preventing a glass door from sliding has been the placing of an elongate rigid member in the jamb channel at the bottom of the door with one end resting against the lower side edge of the door. Similar devices have been provided for installation at the top of a door and in some cases have been provided for installation at the mid-height of the door. However, in every case the devices have required extensive work for installation on ordinary doors such as the so-called patio doors or else have not been capable of guarding against the most effective method of forcing entry short of breaking the glass.

The most effective method of forcing entry through a channel jamb or channel from sliding glass door is to pry the fixed or non-sliding panel outward. Garden apartments and similar establishments using such doors may have several doors forced in a short period of time by a single intruder. Bars which are customarily laid parallel with the fixed member, sometimes being fastened to it, are ineffective to prevent it from being drawn outward together with the sash because they are disposed only to prevent the sliding panel from moving along the channel. Other drawbacks of the prior art have been that the devices were capable of being unfastened in some instances from outside the door assembly by releasing the attachment means and also that the devices were capable of being released by means of thin blades or other thin objects slipped through the joint between the overlap of the sliding panel and the fixed panel.

Further, there was no effective way in the prior art of preventing children or unauthorized persons from opening or releasing the sliding door securance from the inside.

Principal objects of the present invention are to overcome these prior art objections and provide a sliding glass door securance which guards against forcing or prying the fixed element outward, which offers maximum security together with maximum convenience of installation and operation, which is extremely economical, durable, and which is virtually pry-proof from either side and forced-entry proof short of smashing or cutting away the glass to form openings large enough to admit the entire body, neither of which methods is satisfactorily quiet, safe and swift from the intruders point of view.

In typical embodiment the invention comprises a bar having means pivotally securing the bar to the fixed panel of the sliding door assembly intermediate the The above and other objects and advantages of the invention will be more readily appreciated on examination of the description including the drawings, in which, like parts being designated by like reference numerals:

FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic detail in section viewed in plan of a typical sliding glass door installation;

FIG. 2 is an isometric detail of an embodiment of the invention;

FIGS. 3, 4, 5 and 6 are diagrammatic details of embodiments of the invention similar to the FIG. 1 view;

' FIG. 7 is a detail in vertical section of a special provision of the invention, taken at 77, FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is an elevation detail of an embodiment of the invention;

FIGS. 9 and 10 are respectively an isometric detail and a plan section detail of provisions of the invention;

FIG. 11 is an isometric exploded view detail; and

FIGS. 12 and 13 are plan details in partial section of locking provisions according to the invention.

FIG. 1 shows details of a typical sliding glass door installation D in reference lines, all strucure shown being conventional. The door is shown closed. 7

Sliding panel S slides in way channels, not shown, in the direction of the arrow, when opened. The way channel is substantially the same as jamb channel C, framing the doorway.

Conventionally, one panel is fixed as at F, the inactive or fixed panel, which rests at the left edge in the jamb channel C, which in turn is attached, as by embedding, to wall W. Similar construction is used at the other edge of the assembly, to receive the moving or sliding panel when closed. I

Each door has a glass pane P P in a frame of hollow tubing having uprights U U and U (the remaining sliding door upright is not shown) connected by horizontal members, not shown, at the top and bottom and by an intermediate member, such as will be described in reference to FIG. 2. Obviously the glass pane can be double, as in any of the well known insulated glass structures. T is a weather-tight inward extension of U Dimensions A, the door sliding clearance, and dimension B, the fixed panel-to-inner face of the wall dimension, vary with the installation and one aspect of the present invention deals with means of accommodating the lock bar of this invention to such dimensional variations in the simplest effective manner.

FIGS. 2 and 5 show an installation of an embodiment 10 of the invention in a typical sliding glass door installation.

Horizontal intermediate frame member H of the fixed door F has a pivot pedestal 12 mounted to it by screws 14 or other suitable means, at a position determined by the A dimension, FIG. 1. In turn, the pedestal 12 has a hollow pivot bolt 16 welded or otherwise integrally affixed to it and extending inwardly perpendicular to the panel. Pivotally secured in the pivot bolt by an interference fit with the bore is a capping bolt 18, compressing a spring washer 20, so as to retain bar 22 securely.

The bar 22 in the horizontal position shown extends between the advancing edge E of the sliding door S and the wall-backed jam channel C, preventing the door S from sliding open.

Bar 22 has an end bolt extension 24 fitting the inside of the bar, which is a rectangular tube; The-end bolt extension is adjustably secured by pivot bolt 16 at a protrusive length (suiting the A dimension, FIG. 1) causing the extension to lie between the jam channel flanges C and C when the bar 22 is horizontal.

The free end 26 of the bar 22 has a combination locking arrangement, consisting of a locking bolt 28 controlled by keylock 30 and thumb lever 32. The locking bolt 28 extends from the free end of the bar 22 and engages a keeper or catch plate 34 which is screwed to the advancing edge E of the sliding door. On retraction by the thumb lever the bolt 28 moves to a position inside the bar 22 at which the end of the bolt is flush with the end of the bar, allowing the bar to be swung up or down to permit the sliding panel S to open.

In the horizontal position, the bar engagement with the jamb at one end and with the sliding panel at the other end prevents the fixed panel F to which it is attached by pivot bolt 16 from being forced outward, as it might otherwise be, on distortion of the relatively soft retaining flange C3 (FIG. 5) on the exterior of the jamb by a would be intruders pry-bar P or the like.

In the above arrangement it will be apparent that none of the lock bar attachment structure is accessible from the exterior when the bar is horizontal. Further, when the keylock is in the locked position, the thumblatch is made inoperive by means which will be described later. Therefore the bar cannot be opened without the use of a key, even with the glass broken, because the lock bar attachment structure is inaccessible from the interior also when the bar is horizontal. As noted, the pivot bolt comprises a press-fit capping bolt, 18, FIG. 5, forced on assembly into a tubular pivot bolt part 16. Spring washer 20 takes up all slack in the assembly, so that not even the edge of a knife blade can be inserted at the interfaces, and also adds friction to make operation of the bar safer, as will be noted later.

FIG. 3 shows an embodiment 300 generally similar to that described, except that a Z angle 336 adjustably secured to the bar 322, engages wall W, in addition to engagement of bar extension 324 with jamb structure C. The angle has an offset length 338 parallel to the plane of the doorway which extends considerably beyond the pivot bolt, to which it is secured, and overlaps the wall. This member is even less accessible from the exterior than the end bolt extension previously described, and engages sturdier structure, the wall, rather than the jam. The angle 336 does not swing with the bar 322 but remains securely against the wall while the bar pivots. The A dimension (FIG. 1) is taken into account by where the hole is placed in the offset angle 336. Spacers 340 can be added to adjust the B dimension; i.e., the effective length of the offsetting arm 342 of the angle. The bar 322 shown is solid strap material, like the offset angle, and has an aligning spacer collar 344 between the fixed panel F and the bar, in place of the pedestal previously described. The pivot bolt 316 shown may have a carriage-head 346 on the exterior of the fixed panel F and if so, preferably has a hardened head. The lock mechanism 330 being exposed more than in the previous embodiment, preferably has a hardened casing. The lock mechanism 330 is attached to the end of the bar 322 by screws or other conventional means, and the keeper 334 is fastened to the edge E of the sliding door as before.

These arrangements make the FIG. 3 embodiment more economical than the embodiment previously described in reference to FIGS. 2 and 5.

FIG. 4 shows an embodiment 400 which is in some respects more economical than that of FIG. 3, although generally similar as to the solid type structure of the bar 322 and the pivot structure. Where the A and B dimensions (FIG. 1) are the same for a large number of units to be equippedwith the invention, the bars 422 can be bent to form the offsetting arm 442 and the parallel offset length 338 integral with the bar, as shown,

for maximum economy, for strength, and for appearance. In this embodiment the offset portions do not touch the wall in normal use, as they pivot freely with the bar. A further feature illustrated in FIG. 4 is the arrangement of the lock 430 which is screwed or otherwise suitably affixed to the sliding panel S. The keeper 434 is a simple recessed plate screwed to the side of the end of bar 422. This arrangement shields the lock mechanism from the exterior and may be employed with other embodiments of the invention.

FIG. 5 was discussed in conjunction with FIG. 2.

FIGS. 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 illustrate an embodiment 600 of the invention especially well suited for use in installations in which no center member is available on the fixed panel, represented by F1 or F2, FIGS. 6 or 7, or in which drilling holes through the fixed member would be undesirable. As best shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, a latching Z section, channel 648 is welded, or is cemented by epoxy adhesive 650, or otherwise is suitably attached to the fixed member. The ordinary weather-seal T between the panels makes room for this to clear the sliding panel. The rectangular tubular bar 622 in this embodiment is provided at an intermediate portion of the length with a complementary, longitudinal, hookshaped extension 650 which engages the latching chan-. nel when the bar is horizontal. Preferably the latching channel faces up and the hook-shaped channel down so that gravity engagement holds the two together. According to provisions employed in analogous security arrangements, an anti-saw strip 654, preferably of bluetemper spring steel, is loosely positioned in the tubular bar 622 so that sawing the bar breaks saw teeth and is extremely difficult.

FIG. 8 shows how the bar 622 is held when pivoted up by a stowage bracket 656 secured to channel C. The

bracket has a hole 658 engaging the lock controlled bolt 628 in the free end of the bar in the up position. The bar has a similar locking arrangement to that of FIG. 2.

As best shown in FIGS. 6, 8, 9 and 10, the pivot structure of this embodiment combines jamb and wall engagement with smooth appearance and inaccessible fastenings. A means for pivotally securing the bar at a position intermediate the width of the fixed panel is shown as comprising a generally J shaped bracket 660 with perforations 662 in the squared loop 664 of the .I shape through which anchor bolts 666, FIG. 10, are secured. The anchor bolts pass through the jamb channel C and into the wall W. The end bolt 624, FIG.

10, protrudes into the squared loop 664 of the J shape and thus into the channel between flanges C1, C2, of the jamb also, making the installation extremely rigid and strong. The pivot bolt 616 secures to the upper arm 6.68 of the J" shape in similar manner to that described in reference to FIG. 2. Both the upper arm and the end bolt may be offset for clearance as shown.

It can be seen that the area of adhesive attachment of the Z channel can be enormous, as the channel can extend entirely across the door, if desired.

FIG. 11 illustrates details of a keylock installation in a tubular bar 1122 in an embodiment 1100 making the bolt-to-keeper engagement self-aligning, selfconcealing, massive, and pleasing in appearance. A tubular bolt 1128 having a sliding engagement with the interior of the tubular bar 1122 has a cavity 1170 in the end which accepts a protrusion 1172 of a keeper 1134 which is screwed to the moving panel using screw holes 1174. The cavity has pyramidal sides and the protrusion is in complimentary truncated pyramid shape so that they tightly self-align on engagement'both in the vertical and in the horizontal direction FIG. 12 illustrates an embodiment 1200 having the same mechanism as FIG. 11 except for the parallelsided protruding keeper 1234 which has grooves 1276 receiving the tubular end-shape of the bolt 1228, doublesecuring the engagement. The grooves preferably extend entirely around the end portion.

FIG. 11 and FIG. 12 show the following provisions, described in the reference numeral system of FIG. 11. When the bolt 1128 is retracted by thumb lever 1132, which screws into tapped hole 1178 in the bolt through slotted holes 1180 in the bar, spring 1182 is compressed by the end 1184 of the bolt and tends to force the bolt 1128 outward. Obviously the thumb lever could be press fitted to save costs in production. Spring 1182 is held by spring plate 1186 which is welded or otherwise suitably affixed to tubular bar 1122. Lock 1130 has a conventional U-shaped lock clamp 1188 which engages groove 1190 in the lock when the lock is inserted through hole 1192 in the bar, and secures the lock in place. Lock bolt plate 1194 rotates to lock the bolt 1128 in the extended position. 1196 is a clearance notch in the bolt. In the locked position, the lock bolt plate 1194 engages ramp 1198 in the bolt.

Structure not illustrated in FIGS. 11, 12 and 13 may be like that of preceding embodiments employing tubular bars.

FIG. 13 shows an embodiment 1300 having a more conventional lock arrangement with solid bolt 1328 protruding into recessed keeper 1334-which is affixed to sliding panel S. The entire assembly of the lock is contained in a tubular housing 1300 which fits inside bar 1328 and has an outward terminal flange 1302 at the end of the bar. Lock cylinder 1330 passes through The bar assembly may have sufficient friction applied through the friction washer described to prevent the bar from falling when released, or a bellville type or other spring washer may be used for the purpose.

Installation of the invention is extremely simple, at most requiring simple drilling for attachments such as self-tapping and anchor screws, and if desired, sawing to length before installation. The bar may be mounted at any height which allows room for the pivoted end of the bar to swing when the bar is rotated to an up-anddown position, although waist level is most convenient for ordinary installations. I

The assembly consists of few parts, simply made, and all attached; there is little to malfunction and nothing to detach and become misplaced.

Materials ranging from mild steel, such as 1010, to 7075 T6 aluminum alloy will be found suitable, since material is less critical than-in more complex devices, bending loads being minimized by the design of the invention. Wall thicknesses of 0.125 inch in aluminum tubing of 1 X 2 inch sectional outside dimension will be found sufficient in all cases.

The device in the general embodiment is adapted for use without modification in lefthand or in righthand installations.

Finally the quadruple-locking action of the invention locks at four places: (1) at the lock-controlled bolt at the free end; (2) at the end bolt at the pivoted end; (3) between the sliding panel and the wall or jamb; and (4) at the pivot connection with the fixed panel.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings.

It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

. What is claimed and desired to be secured by United States letters patent is:

1. In combination with building wall structure forming a rectangular doorway and a channel-shaped door jamb framing at least a portion of the doorway, a first I panel fixed in the door jamb atone side of the doorway,

hole 1392 in the bar and hole 1304 in the housing and is held in place by interference press fit on assembly.

Lock pin 1394 protrudes eccentrically from the rear of lock 1330 and engages the sides of a recess 1306 in the bolt 1328 to lock the bolt in extended position.

From the foregoing it can be seen that this invention in the various embodiments provides numerous advantages.

The locks themselves may be any of various small cylindrical locks commercially available, such as those extensively used on vending machines, security cabinets and small safes and sold by the Illinois, Yale, Corbin companies, etc. The ACE lock sold by the Chicago Lock Company is a specific lock which exemplifies the type and size illustrated in FIG. 13; a cam lock" type is shown in FIG. 12.

and a second panel slidably contained in the channel in position to slide past the first panel, the improvement comprising: a bar, means for pivotally securing the bar at a position intermediate the width of the first panel with the first end of the bar in contact with the second panel, means for engaging the second end of the bar with said building wall structure, and means for detachably connecting an intermediate portion of the bar to the first panel.

, 2. In the combination recited in claim 1, the means for detachably connecting comprising a downwardly disposed hook extending from the bar and an upwardly disposed hook affixed to the first panel in position to engage the downwardly disposed hook.

3. In combination with building wall structure forming a rectangular doorway and a channel-shaped door jamb framing at least a portion of the doorway, a first panel fixed in the door jamb at one side of the doorway, and a second panel slidably contained in the channel in position to slide past the first panel, the improvement comprising: a bar, means for p ivotally securing the bar at a position intermediate the width of the first panel with the first end of the bar in contact with the second panel, means for engaging the second end of the bar with said building wall structure, means for engaging an end portion of the bar with a portion of the end of the second panel contacted by the end of the bar comprising a tubular extendible member on said end portion of the bar and a fixed structure on said end of the second panel, the fixed structure comprising a protrusion proportioned to enter the tubular extendible member, and a keylock positioned for securing the extendible member in the extended position.

4. In the combination recited in claim 3, wherein the fixed structure has an additional protrusion for engaging an exterior portion of the tubular extendible member concurrently with the first said protrusion.

5. In the combination recited in claim 3, wherein the extendible member has a rectangular section, wherein the first end of the extendible member has a pyramidal shaped recess therein, and wherein the protrusion is in the form of a truncated, pyramid complementary to the pyramidal shaped recess.

6. In combination with building wall structure forming a rectangular doorway and a channel-shaped door jamb framing at least a portion of the doorway, a first panel fixed in the door jamb at one side of the doorway, and a second panel slidably contained in the channel in position to slide past the first panel, the improvement comprising: a bar, means for pivotally securing the bar at a position intermediate the width of the first panel with the first end of the bar in contact with the second panel, means for engaging the second end of the bar with the building wall structure comprising a Z-angle having an offset length parallel with the plane for the doorway, the offset length of the Z-angle positioned for overlappingly engaging the building wall structure forming the doorway.

7. In combination with building wall structure forming a rectangular doorway and a channel-shaped door jamb framing at least a portion of the doorway, a first panel fixed in the door jamb at one side of the doorway, and a second panel slidably contained in the channel in position to slide past the first panel, the improvement comprising: a bar, means including a pivot bolt attached to said first panel for pivotally securing the bar to the first panel at a position intermediate the width of the first panel with the first end of the bar in contact with the second panel, and means for engaging the second end of the bar with the building wall structure comprising a portion of the channel-shaped door jamb aligned with the second end of the bar and overlapping the sides of the bar with the bar in a horizontal position.

8. In combination with building wall structure forming a rectangular doorway and a channel-shaped door jamb framing at least a portion of the doorway, a first panel fixed in the door jamb at one side of the doorway, and a second panel slidably contained in the channel in position to slide past the first panel, the improvement comprising: a bar, means for pivotally securing the bar at a position intermediate the width of the first panel with the first end of the bar in contact with the second panel comprising a generally .I-shaped bracket having a squared loop between the longer and shorter arms of the J, with a pivot member securing a portion of the bar proximate the second end thereof to the longer arm of the J -shaped bracket at a position causing the second end of the bar to extend into the squared loop of the J shaped bracket in the horizontal'pivotal position of the bar, means for securing the squared loop of the J- shaped bracket within the channel shape of the door jamb, and means for detachably connecting an intermediate portion of the bar with an intermediate portion of the first panel.

Claims (8)

1. In combination with building wall structure forming a rectangular doorway and a channel-shaped door jamb framing at least a portion of the doorway, a first panel fixed in the door jamb at one side of the doorway, and a second panel slidably contained in the channel in position to slide past the first panel, the improvement comprising: a bar, means for pivotally securing the bar at a position intermediate the width of the first panel with the first end of the bar in contact with the second panel, means for engaging the second end of the bar with said building wall structure, and means for detachably connecting an intermediate portion of the bar to the first panel.
2. In the combination recited in claim 1, the means for detachably connecting comprising a downwardly disposed hook extending from the bar and an upwardly disposed hook affixed to the first panel in position to engage the downwardly disposed hook.
3. In combination with building wall structure forming a rectangular doorway and a channel-shaped door jamb framing at least a portion of the doorway, a first panel fixed in the door jamb at one side of the doorway, and a second panel slidably contained in the channel in position to slide past the first panel, the improvement comprising: a bar, means for pivotally securing the bar at a position intermediate the width of the first panel with the first end of the bar in contact with the second panel, means for engaging the second end of the bar with said building wall structure, means for engaging an end portion of the bar with a portion of the end of the second panel contacted by the end of the bar comprising a tubular extendible member on said end portion of the bar and a fixed structure on said end of the second panel, the fixed structure comprising a protrusion proportioned to enter the tubular extendible member, and a keylock positioned for securing the extendible member in the extended position.
4. In the combination recited in claim 3, wherein the fixed structure has an additional protrusion for engaging an exterior portion of the tubular extendible member concurrently with the first said protrusion.
5. In the combination recited in claim 3, wherein the extendible member has a rectangular section, wherein the first end of the extendible member has a pyramidal shaped recess therein, and wherein the protrusion is in the form of a truncated, pyramid complementary to the pyramidal shaped recess.
6. In combination with building wall structure forming a rectangular doorway and a channel-shaped door jamb framing at least a portion of the doorway, a first panel fixed in the door jamb at one side of the doorway, and a second panel slidably contained in the channel in position to slide past the first panel, the improvement comprising: a bar, means for pivotally securing the bar at a position intermediate the width of the first panel with the first end of the bar in contact with the second panel, means for engaging the second end of the bar with the building wall structure comprising a Z-angle having an offset length parallel with the plane for the doorway, the offset length of the Z-angle positioned for overlappingly engaging the building wall structure forming the doorway.
7. In combination with building wall structure forming a rectangular doorway and a channel-shaped door jamb framing at least a portion of the doorway, a first panel fixed in the door jamb at one side of the doorway, and a second panel slidably contained in the channel in position to slide past the first panel, the improvEment comprising: a bar, means including a pivot bolt attached to said first panel for pivotally securing the bar to the first panel at a position intermediate the width of the first panel with the first end of the bar in contact with the second panel, and means for engaging the second end of the bar with the building wall structure comprising a portion of the channel-shaped door jamb aligned with the second end of the bar and overlapping the sides of the bar with the bar in a horizontal position.
8. In combination with building wall structure forming a rectangular doorway and a channel-shaped door jamb framing at least a portion of the doorway, a first panel fixed in the door jamb at one side of the doorway, and a second panel slidably contained in the channel in position to slide past the first panel, the improvement comprising: a bar, means for pivotally securing the bar at a position intermediate the width of the first panel with the first end of the bar in contact with the second panel comprising a generally J-shaped bracket having a squared loop between the longer and shorter arms of the ''''J,'''' with a pivot member securing a portion of the bar proximate the second end thereof to the longer arm of the J-shaped bracket at a position causing the second end of the bar to extend into the squared loop of the J-shaped bracket in the horizontal pivotal position of the bar, means for securing the squared loop of the J-shaped bracket within the channel shape of the door jamb, and means for detachably connecting an intermediate portion of the bar with an intermediate portion of the first panel.
US33312373 1973-02-16 1973-02-16 Sliding door lock system Expired - Lifetime US3821884A (en)

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Cited By (53)

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US3919807A (en) * 1974-09-13 1975-11-18 Charles H Mefford Doorway safety rail and door lock for vehicle living units
US4057274A (en) * 1976-09-29 1977-11-08 Brammall, Inc. Method and apparatus for bracing and securing doors
US4135376A (en) * 1977-07-11 1979-01-23 Charles Bar-Lok Corp. Patio door security bar with lock
US4185479A (en) * 1978-04-25 1980-01-29 Rusco Industries, Inc. Locking handle for sliding doors and the like
US4281479A (en) * 1980-03-17 1981-08-04 Republic Steel Corporation Internal door lock security reinforcement and method of assembly
US4295676A (en) * 1980-01-15 1981-10-20 Smith James A Patio door security lock
US4314721A (en) * 1979-11-05 1982-02-09 Larry Raymond Praet Security bar for sliding door or window
US4529235A (en) * 1982-07-02 1985-07-16 Florentine Sr Henry P Door bolting device
US4570985A (en) * 1982-04-23 1986-02-18 Ideal Security Hardward Corporation Locking apparatus for use with a panel slideable in a plane
US4741454A (en) * 1986-01-16 1988-05-03 John S. Ray Protective enclosure for vending apparatus and the like
US4762350A (en) * 1987-10-13 1988-08-09 Otto Hurtado Cross bar locking device
US4796445A (en) * 1986-12-15 1989-01-10 Norden Jr Howard P Door locking mechanism
US5010747A (en) * 1990-02-05 1991-04-30 Norden Jr H Peter Secur a door police lock
GB2263500A (en) * 1991-12-20 1993-07-28 Ti Ton I S Slidable locking bolts and bar arrangement.
US5474343A (en) * 1994-03-25 1995-12-12 Ledbetter; James W. Security device for a door
US5556143A (en) * 1994-04-21 1996-09-17 Robinson; Joseph N. Door security apparatus
US5765411A (en) * 1994-07-20 1998-06-16 Rowan; William Fence lock
US5772266A (en) * 1996-10-28 1998-06-30 Skiba; Wayne Door security kit
USD419052S (en) * 1998-07-07 2000-01-18 Dudley, Inc. Patio door lock
US6047998A (en) * 1998-02-03 2000-04-11 Mas-Hamilton Group, Inc. Cassette and cassette rack locking device
US6755054B2 (en) * 2001-08-31 2004-06-29 Master Lock Company Cable locking mechanism
US6758076B1 (en) * 1999-05-14 2004-07-06 Lockia Sakerhetsteknik Ab Device for locking a door element in an opening to a space
US20070039244A1 (en) * 2005-08-22 2007-02-22 K & J Covenant Company, Llc Sliding door locking rod
US20070151179A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-07-05 Magic Door And Windows, Inc. Combined sealing systems for sliding door/window
US20070151156A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-07-05 Magic Door And Windows, Inc. Closing system for sealing system of sliding door/window
US20070163181A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-07-19 Magic Door And Window, Inc. Combined sealing system and seal activation system for door/window
US20070175121A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-08-02 Magic Door And Windows, Inc. Sealing system for sliding door/window
US20070234657A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-10-11 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Combination sealing system for sliding door/window
US20070289221A1 (en) * 2006-06-20 2007-12-20 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Combined modular sealing systems and seal activation system for door/window
US20070290456A1 (en) * 2006-06-20 2007-12-20 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Active sealing and securing systems for door/window
US7314240B1 (en) 2007-01-30 2008-01-01 Mcpherson Gary M Patio bar brackets and security assembly
US20080028683A1 (en) * 2006-06-20 2008-02-07 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Sealing system modules for door/window
US20080060276A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2008-03-13 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Active sealing system for single-hung door/window
US7350837B1 (en) * 2006-10-23 2008-04-01 Faires Charles W Door jam security device and method of using same
US20080092451A1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2008-04-24 Ultra Sash Window Factory, Inc. Security device for a window
US20080156052A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2008-07-03 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Electronic control for door/window
US20080295410A1 (en) * 2007-06-01 2008-12-04 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Acoustic/thermal break and framing system for door/window
US20090151259A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2009-06-18 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Self-driving combination sealing system for single-hung door/window
US20090174196A1 (en) * 2008-01-03 2009-07-09 Tyrone Stacey Chambers Locking device for sliding doors and windows
US20090178344A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2009-07-16 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Combined sealing system for garage door
US20100077671A1 (en) * 2008-09-30 2010-04-01 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Sealing systems for garage door
US20100077665A1 (en) * 2008-09-30 2010-04-01 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Driving and driven sealing systems for single-hung door/window
US20100269450A1 (en) * 2009-04-27 2010-10-28 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Door panel with thermal break
US20100313488A1 (en) * 2009-05-29 2010-12-16 Luke Liang Adjustable after-market sash window stop
US20110011138A1 (en) * 2009-07-14 2011-01-20 Macfarland Dennis Systems and method for locking sliding doors
US20110016797A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2011-01-27 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Seal activation system positioned within panel for door/window
US20120237285A1 (en) * 2011-03-14 2012-09-20 Jean-Marc Tognet Full breakout arm for automatic doors
CN102704809A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-10-03 襄垣县树元电器有限公司 Hinge top rod type window anti-theft device
US8752870B2 (en) 2012-08-23 2014-06-17 Brandt Wolf Remote-controlled security bar
US8997536B2 (en) 2012-08-30 2015-04-07 Master Lock Company Llc Lockout device
US9062479B2 (en) 2012-08-23 2015-06-23 Brandt Wolf Remote-controlled security apparatus including a security bar
WO2020046220A3 (en) * 2018-08-27 2020-04-02 Master Teknik Tasarim Makina Sanayi Ve Ticaret Limited Sirketi Safety hook for outward-opening doors
US10815708B2 (en) * 2017-07-06 2020-10-27 Porter Systems Positioner mechanism using linear adjusting lock

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US1274181A (en) * 1915-04-23 1918-07-30 Louis Meyers Lock.
US1446589A (en) * 1919-08-25 1923-02-27 Sargent & Co Lock bolt
US2130216A (en) * 1938-01-25 1938-09-13 Zaninovich George Door locking bar
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Cited By (71)

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US3919807A (en) * 1974-09-13 1975-11-18 Charles H Mefford Doorway safety rail and door lock for vehicle living units
US4057274A (en) * 1976-09-29 1977-11-08 Brammall, Inc. Method and apparatus for bracing and securing doors
US4135376A (en) * 1977-07-11 1979-01-23 Charles Bar-Lok Corp. Patio door security bar with lock
US4185479A (en) * 1978-04-25 1980-01-29 Rusco Industries, Inc. Locking handle for sliding doors and the like
US4314721A (en) * 1979-11-05 1982-02-09 Larry Raymond Praet Security bar for sliding door or window
US4295676A (en) * 1980-01-15 1981-10-20 Smith James A Patio door security lock
US4281479A (en) * 1980-03-17 1981-08-04 Republic Steel Corporation Internal door lock security reinforcement and method of assembly
US4570985A (en) * 1982-04-23 1986-02-18 Ideal Security Hardward Corporation Locking apparatus for use with a panel slideable in a plane
US4529235A (en) * 1982-07-02 1985-07-16 Florentine Sr Henry P Door bolting device
US4741454A (en) * 1986-01-16 1988-05-03 John S. Ray Protective enclosure for vending apparatus and the like
US4796445A (en) * 1986-12-15 1989-01-10 Norden Jr Howard P Door locking mechanism
US4762350A (en) * 1987-10-13 1988-08-09 Otto Hurtado Cross bar locking device
US5010747A (en) * 1990-02-05 1991-04-30 Norden Jr H Peter Secur a door police lock
GB2263500A (en) * 1991-12-20 1993-07-28 Ti Ton I S Slidable locking bolts and bar arrangement.
GB2263500B (en) * 1991-12-20 1995-04-26 Ti Ton I S Slideable locking bar
US5474343A (en) * 1994-03-25 1995-12-12 Ledbetter; James W. Security device for a door
US5556143A (en) * 1994-04-21 1996-09-17 Robinson; Joseph N. Door security apparatus
US5765411A (en) * 1994-07-20 1998-06-16 Rowan; William Fence lock
US5772266A (en) * 1996-10-28 1998-06-30 Skiba; Wayne Door security kit
US6047998A (en) * 1998-02-03 2000-04-11 Mas-Hamilton Group, Inc. Cassette and cassette rack locking device
USD419052S (en) * 1998-07-07 2000-01-18 Dudley, Inc. Patio door lock
US6758076B1 (en) * 1999-05-14 2004-07-06 Lockia Sakerhetsteknik Ab Device for locking a door element in an opening to a space
US6755054B2 (en) * 2001-08-31 2004-06-29 Master Lock Company Cable locking mechanism
US20070039244A1 (en) * 2005-08-22 2007-02-22 K & J Covenant Company, Llc Sliding door locking rod
US8336258B2 (en) 2005-12-30 2012-12-25 Secura-Seal Technologies Llc Self-driving combination sealing system for single-hung door/window
US20070151156A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-07-05 Magic Door And Windows, Inc. Closing system for sealing system of sliding door/window
US20070163181A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-07-19 Magic Door And Window, Inc. Combined sealing system and seal activation system for door/window
US20070175121A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-08-02 Magic Door And Windows, Inc. Sealing system for sliding door/window
US20070234657A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-10-11 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Combination sealing system for sliding door/window
US8656643B2 (en) 2005-12-30 2014-02-25 Tyto Life LLC Seal activation system positioned within panel for door/window
US8627606B2 (en) 2005-12-30 2014-01-14 Tyto Life LLC Combined sealing system for garage door
US8539717B2 (en) 2005-12-30 2013-09-24 Secura-Seal Technologies Llc Electronic control for door/window
US20070151179A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-07-05 Magic Door And Windows, Inc. Combined sealing systems for sliding door/window
US20080060276A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2008-03-13 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Active sealing system for single-hung door/window
US8109037B2 (en) 2005-12-30 2012-02-07 Secura-Seal Technologies Llc Active sealing system for single-hung door/window
US7685775B2 (en) * 2005-12-30 2010-03-30 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Combined sealing systems for sliding door/window
US20080156052A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2008-07-03 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Electronic control for door/window
US8091282B2 (en) 2005-12-30 2012-01-10 Secura-Seal Technologies Llc Combined sealing system and seal activation system for door/window
US20090151259A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2009-06-18 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Self-driving combination sealing system for single-hung door/window
US20110016797A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2011-01-27 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Seal activation system positioned within panel for door/window
US20090178344A1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2009-07-16 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Combined sealing system for garage door
US7685776B2 (en) * 2005-12-30 2010-03-30 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Sealing system for sliding door/window
US7685774B2 (en) * 2005-12-30 2010-03-30 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Closing system for sealing system of sliding door/window
US8074399B2 (en) 2006-06-20 2011-12-13 Secura-Seal Technologies Llc Sealing system modules for door/window
US20080028683A1 (en) * 2006-06-20 2008-02-07 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Sealing system modules for door/window
US20070290456A1 (en) * 2006-06-20 2007-12-20 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Active sealing and securing systems for door/window
US8925249B2 (en) 2006-06-20 2015-01-06 Tyto Life LLC Active sealing and securing systems for door/window
US8701346B2 (en) 2006-06-20 2014-04-22 Tyto Life LLC Combined modular sealing systems and seal activation system for door/window
US20070289221A1 (en) * 2006-06-20 2007-12-20 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Combined modular sealing systems and seal activation system for door/window
US8074400B2 (en) 2006-06-20 2011-12-13 Secura-Seal Technologies Llc Combined modular sealing systems and seal activation system for door/window
US20080092451A1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2008-04-24 Ultra Sash Window Factory, Inc. Security device for a window
US7350837B1 (en) * 2006-10-23 2008-04-01 Faires Charles W Door jam security device and method of using same
US7314240B1 (en) 2007-01-30 2008-01-01 Mcpherson Gary M Patio bar brackets and security assembly
US20080295410A1 (en) * 2007-06-01 2008-12-04 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Acoustic/thermal break and framing system for door/window
US20090174196A1 (en) * 2008-01-03 2009-07-09 Tyrone Stacey Chambers Locking device for sliding doors and windows
US20100077665A1 (en) * 2008-09-30 2010-04-01 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Driving and driven sealing systems for single-hung door/window
US20100077671A1 (en) * 2008-09-30 2010-04-01 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Sealing systems for garage door
US8484899B2 (en) 2008-09-30 2013-07-16 Tyto Life LLC Driving and driven sealing systems for single-hung door/window
US8468746B2 (en) 2008-09-30 2013-06-25 Tyto Life LLC Sealing systems for garage door
US8516756B2 (en) 2009-04-27 2013-08-27 Secura-Seal Technologies Llc Door panel with thermal break
US20100269450A1 (en) * 2009-04-27 2010-10-28 Speyer Door And Window, Inc. Door panel with thermal break
US20100313488A1 (en) * 2009-05-29 2010-12-16 Luke Liang Adjustable after-market sash window stop
US8789862B2 (en) * 2009-05-29 2014-07-29 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Adjustable after-market sash window stop
US20110011138A1 (en) * 2009-07-14 2011-01-20 Macfarland Dennis Systems and method for locking sliding doors
US20120237285A1 (en) * 2011-03-14 2012-09-20 Jean-Marc Tognet Full breakout arm for automatic doors
CN102704809A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-10-03 襄垣县树元电器有限公司 Hinge top rod type window anti-theft device
US9062479B2 (en) 2012-08-23 2015-06-23 Brandt Wolf Remote-controlled security apparatus including a security bar
US8752870B2 (en) 2012-08-23 2014-06-17 Brandt Wolf Remote-controlled security bar
US8997536B2 (en) 2012-08-30 2015-04-07 Master Lock Company Llc Lockout device
US10815708B2 (en) * 2017-07-06 2020-10-27 Porter Systems Positioner mechanism using linear adjusting lock
WO2020046220A3 (en) * 2018-08-27 2020-04-02 Master Teknik Tasarim Makina Sanayi Ve Ticaret Limited Sirketi Safety hook for outward-opening doors

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