US3818654A - Modular building structure with horizontal vierendeel truss - Google Patents

Modular building structure with horizontal vierendeel truss Download PDF

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US3818654A
US3818654A US385070A US3818654A US 3818654 A US3818654 A US 3818654A US 385070 A US385070 A US 385070A US 3818654 A US3818654 A US 3818654A
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module
corridor
chord
structure
plurality
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R Schramm
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R Schramm
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/348Structures composed of units comprising at least considerable parts of two sides of a room, e.g. box-like or cell-like units closed or in skeleton form
    • E04B1/34815Elements not integrated in a skeleton
    • E04B1/3483Elements not integrated in a skeleton the supporting structure consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/34Extraordinary structures, e.g. with suspended or cantilever parts supported by masts or tower-like structures enclosing elevators or stairs; Features relating to the elastic stability
    • E04B1/3404Extraordinary structures, e.g. with suspended or cantilever parts supported by masts or tower-like structures enclosing elevators or stairs; Features relating to the elastic stability supported by masts or tower-like structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B2001/0053Buildings characterised by their shape or layout grid
    • E04B2001/0084Buildings with non right-angled horizontal layout grid, e.g. triangular or hexagonal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/348Structures composed of units comprising at least considerable parts of two sides of a room, e.g. box-like or cell-like units closed or in skeleton form
    • E04B2001/34892Means allowing access to the units, e.g. stairs or cantilevered gangways

Abstract

A modular building structure includes a corridor frame comprising a plurality of coextensive Vierendeel trusses having at least one common compression chord and at least one common tension chord; and at least one module having a rigid, threedimensional perimeter framework which defines a space therewithin. The module is rigidly but removably affixed to the corridor frame at a chord thereof.

Description

[ June 25, 1974 United States Patent [191 Schramm 3,388,512 6/1968 Newman........................... 52/236 X 3,455,075 7/1969 Frey...... 52/236 MODULAR BUILDING STRUCTURE WITH HORIZONTAL VIERENDEEL TRUSS [76] Inventor:

g gg z' agz gf h gg Orchard Primary ExaminerAlfred C. Perham l Attorney, Agent, or FirmGordon W. l-lueschen; Tali- Jan. 19, 1970 valdis Cepuritis [22] Filed:

21 App]. No.: 3,850

ABSTRACT A modular building structure includes a corridor frame comprising a plurality of coextensive Vierendeel trusses having at least one common compression 2 B6 00 5 ,%4 3 6 7 /E 2 5 2 9 9 H m7 & 3 .m7 ""2 WW mmh v c ".r ma L hf. C el e Umh 1:1] 2 8 555 [[l.

chord and at least one common tension chord; and at References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS The module is rigidly but removably affixed to the corridor frame at a chord thereof.

639,320 Vierendeel.....v.................... 14/14 X 3.302.363 2/1967 52/236 X 6 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PAIENTEDJIJN25|974 3.818.654

SHEET 1 BF 6 FIGURE PATENTfiuJuuzsmu FIGURE lNVENTOR RICH D A, SC RAMM BY PAIENTED 5.818.654

SHEET 3 0F 6 Fl G U R E 3 INVENTOR RICHA: A. SCHRfiM BY ATTORNEY PATENIEBJUNZSISH SHEET l 0F 6 FIGURE 4 INVENTOR ATTORNE PAIENIEUJUNZSIHH 3, 1 5

saw 5 or 6 WWW!!!" minimum1111mm" FIGURE 5 INVENTOR RICHZD A. SCEZAMM, BY

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ATTORNEY PATENTEDJUNZ'SW 3.818.654

SHEET 6 BF 6 FIG UR E e INVENTOR RICHAD A. SCHR H M I Won/L;

ATTORNEY MODULAR BUILDING STRUCTURE WITH HORIZONTAL VIERENDEEL TRUSS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Apartment and office buildings are usually individually designed and are constructed by erecting a framework of horizontal and vertical columns on a chosen building site and then applying exterior and interior walls to the erected framework. Such construction is expensive and time consuming.

Recently attempts have been made in the art to provide prefabricated building structures which are at least partially fabricated at a central location and then transported and assembled at the building site. While substantial economies are realized in this manner, the heretofore available prefabricated building structures are relatively limited in their applications and are not susceptible to easy modification to provide the desired size and utility, particularly with changing needs once the structure has been erected.

In view of the limitations and deficiencies of heretofore available prefabricated building structures a need exists for highly versatile structures which are capable of many uses and modifications throughout the useful life of the structure and which can be readily prefabricated and assembled in sections or modules prior to erection on a building site.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide a modular building structure which satisfies the existing needs for highly versatile building structures without the aforementioned deficiencies and limitations. Still other objects will readily present themselves to one skilled in the art upon reference to the ensuing specification, the drawings, and the claims.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention contemplates a modular building structure made up of a corridor frame comprising a plurality of coextensive Vierendeel trusses having at least one common compression chord and at least one common tension chord, and at least one module having a rigid, three-dimensional perimeter framework defining a space therewithin rigidly but removably affixed to the corridor frame at a chord thereof. The corridor frame can be situated either horizontally or vertically.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings,

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a horizontal building structure of this invention partially broken away to show detail;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the framework of a module;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a part of the corridor frame with one module attached thereto;

FIG. 4 is a sectional elevation taken along lines lVlV of FIG. 1;

FIG. 5 is a detailed view of a portion of the sectional elevation of FIG. 4; and

FIG. 6 is a prespective view of an embodiment of this invention showing a portion of a vertical corridor frame with a plurality of modules attached thereto.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to FIG. 1, corridor frames 10 and 11 are supported on pedestals 12, 13, and 14. Corridor frame 10 comprises a pair of Vierendeel trusses and 71 having a common compression chord 15, a common tension chord l6, and columns 17 and 17a, respectively, together defining a plurality of bays. Similarly corridor frame 11 comprises a pair of Vierendeel trusses 72 and 73 having a common compression chord 18, a common tension chord 19, and columns 20 and 20a, respectively. A plurality of modules 21 is attached to each corridor frame. Each module 21 forms a separate dwelling unit or a component of such a unit which is attached to the corridor frame at a chord or chords thereof and which communicates with the corridor frame through a bay thereof or through an adjacent module which in turn communicates with the corridor frame through a bay thereof. A service tower 22 is situated adjacent to corridor frames 10 and 11 and houses the necessary vertical transportation (elevators), heating and ventilating units, and the like. Access to corridor frames 10 and 11 from the ground level is provided by stairway 23.

FIG. 2 shows the perimeter framework of an individual, self-supporting module and comprises upper beams 24, 25, 26 and 27, lower beams 28, 29, 30 and 31 and columns 32, 33, 34 and 35 which together form a rigid, three-dimensional framework of a rectangular parallelepiped, one side of which is removably attached to a chord or chords of corridor frame 36 in any convenient manner such as by means of bolts 46 or 47, or the like, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 5. Bolts such as 47 pass through channel 75 which surrounds corridor frame 11 and are threadedly received into reinforced portions 76 of module 37 through holes 77 and 78. Thus each module so attached imposes a load directly upon corridor frame 36. The space defined by module 37 is enclosed by suitable panels such as lower panel 38, upper panel 39, and side panel 40. Other prefabricated subunits such as a closet 41, or the like, can also be supported by the perimeter framework and panels of module 37.

If desired, prior to installation each module can be prefabricated as a self-sustaining unit complete with service elements such as plumbing, wiring, heating ducts, and the like, which are adapted to be connected to the appropriate service facilities in the corridor frame as hereinafter set forth in more detail.

The individual modules may be fabricated in a wide variety of sizes, regular or irregular in form, for example semicylindrical, triangular, hexagonal, or the like, as long as each individual module is provided with a rigid, three-dimensional perimeter framework and one side of which is a rectangular grid adapted for connecting to a chord of the Vierendeel trusses defining the corridor frame.

The individual modules can be attached in any desired pattern, space permitting. As shown in FIG. 4, modules 21 can substantially surround corridor frame 11. A dwelling unit may commence with a single module and, as the need for space increases, additional modules can be attached to corridor frame 11 in the desired configuration to form a larger single level or multi-level dwelling unit. Alternately, a multi-module dwelling unit can be reduced in size by simply detaching excess modules. A still further advantage of the present invention resides in the ability to replace old or run down modules in need of refurbishing with new ones as the need arises without materially disturbing the remaining building structure. This latter feature is particularly advantageous when the entire structure is used as a mobile home park with each individual tennant either renting or owning one or more suitably outfitted modules which can be transported about as desired.

Service conduits 42, 43, 44 and 45 for plumbing and wiring (FIGS. 4 and 5) are provided along the longitudinal edges of corridor frame 11 so as to provide ready access thereto through suitable connections for each individual module and also permitting the removal of each module without disturbing others adjacent thereto.

A further embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIG. 6 where triangular modules such as module 48 having a rigid perimeter framework comprising upper beams 49, 50, and 51, lower beams 52, 53, and 54, and columns 55, 56, and 57 is attached to chords 58 and 59 comprising respectively columns 60 and 61 rigidly joined together by connecting beams 62, and columns 63 and 64 rigidly joined together by connecting beams 65. In this particular embodiment the corndor frame 74 comprises three vertically disposed Viere'ndeel trusses 66, 67, and 68 of which trusses 66 and 67 have a common chord 58, trusses 67 and 68 have a common chord 59, and trusses 66 and 68 have a common chord 69. The trusses 66, 67, and 68 are coextensive and are situated so that the planes of all adjacent trusses intersect at the same angle. Whether a particular Vierendeel truss is in tension or in compression depends on the loading thereon. The windward columns of the vertical corridor frame 74, for instance, will be in tension and the leeward columns will be in compression.

The foregoing discussion and the drawings are illustrative of the general principles and the preferred embodiments of this invention. Still other variations within the spirit and scope of the present invention will readily present themselves to the skilled artisan.

I claim:

1. A modular building structure including a corridor frame comprising a plurality of coextensive horizontal Vierendeel trusses having at least one common compression chord and at least one common tension chord; and at least one module having a rigid, threedimensional perimeter framework defining a space therewithin rigidly but removably affixed to said corridor frame at a chord thereof.

2. The structure in accordance with claim 1, wherein a pair of Vierendeel trusses are spaced and parallel relative to each other.

3. The structure in accordance with claim 1, wherein at least one side of said module is a rectangular grid.

4. The structure in accordance with claim 1 wherein said module is a rectangular parallelepiped.

5. The structure in accordance with claim 1 wherein a plurality of modules is afi'ixed on said corridor frame.

6. The structure in accordance with claim 1 wherein a plurality of corridor frames are provided with communicating passageways and wherein a plurality of modules is affixed on each one of said corridor frames.

Claims (6)

1. A modular building structure including a corridor frame comprising a plurality of coextensive horizontal Vierendeel trusses having at least one common compression chord and at least one common tension chord; and at least one module having a rigid, three-dimensional perimeter framework defining a space therewithin rigidly but removably affixed to said corridor frame at a chord thereof.
2. The structure in accordance with claim 1, wherein a pair of Vierendeel trusses are spaced and parallel relative to each other.
3. The structure in accordance with claim 1, wherein at least one side of said module is a rectangular grid.
4. The structure in accordance with claim 1 wherein said module is a rectangular parallelepiped.
5. The structure in accordance with claim 1 wherein a plurality of modules is affixed on said corridor frame.
6. The structure in accordance with claim 1 wherein a plurality of corridor frames are provided with communicating passageways and wherein a plurality of modules is affixed on each one of said corridor frames.
US385070 1970-01-19 1970-01-19 Modular building structure with horizontal vierendeel truss Expired - Lifetime US3818654A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4098036A (en) * 1975-10-30 1978-07-04 Demag A.G. Elevated train station
US4184296A (en) * 1976-10-08 1980-01-22 Alberto Vitalini Prefabricated prismatic structure for building
US4364206A (en) * 1978-12-11 1982-12-21 Jacques Wybauw Prefabricated building units for constructing building, and buildings whose fabric comprises assembled units of this kind
US4599829A (en) * 1983-08-25 1986-07-15 Tandemloc, Inc. Modular container building system
US5826386A (en) * 1997-05-07 1998-10-27 Casteel; Joseph M. Storage structure with mezzanine access and method of assembly
WO2000071825A1 (en) * 1999-05-21 2000-11-30 Ashley Thomas Beighton Improvements in or relating to building structures
US20050210762A1 (en) * 2002-02-27 2005-09-29 Open House Systems Ab Modular building, prefabricated volume-module and method for production of a modular building
US20100083607A1 (en) * 2008-10-06 2010-04-08 Charles Roig Wind Force Resistant Structure
FR2945556A1 (en) * 2009-05-12 2010-11-19 Michel Duval Modular habitat, has modular habitation element received on vertical face of extension element to be fixed on circumference of opening that is practiced in modular habitation element
US20110185646A1 (en) * 2010-02-03 2011-08-04 Jeffrey Kovel Modular construction systems and methods
US20140352247A1 (en) * 2012-03-20 2014-12-04 J. Martin Lovely THOMPSON Framework serving as structural support and utility space
US9366020B2 (en) 2012-11-06 2016-06-14 Fc Modular, Llc Modular building unit connection system
CN106164388A (en) * 2013-12-23 2016-11-23 冈特·格兰特·盖格 Building, in particular a hospital

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US639320A (en) * 1897-12-31 1899-12-19 Arthur Vierendeel Girder or beam for bridges.
US3302363A (en) * 1964-11-23 1967-02-07 Suspended Structures Inc Method for erecting suspended building components
US3388512A (en) * 1965-04-02 1968-06-18 Newman Harry Multilevel modular building
US3455075A (en) * 1967-05-01 1969-07-15 Christian Frey Modular building unit

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US639320A (en) * 1897-12-31 1899-12-19 Arthur Vierendeel Girder or beam for bridges.
US3302363A (en) * 1964-11-23 1967-02-07 Suspended Structures Inc Method for erecting suspended building components
US3388512A (en) * 1965-04-02 1968-06-18 Newman Harry Multilevel modular building
US3455075A (en) * 1967-05-01 1969-07-15 Christian Frey Modular building unit

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4098036A (en) * 1975-10-30 1978-07-04 Demag A.G. Elevated train station
US4184296A (en) * 1976-10-08 1980-01-22 Alberto Vitalini Prefabricated prismatic structure for building
US4364206A (en) * 1978-12-11 1982-12-21 Jacques Wybauw Prefabricated building units for constructing building, and buildings whose fabric comprises assembled units of this kind
US4599829A (en) * 1983-08-25 1986-07-15 Tandemloc, Inc. Modular container building system
US5826386A (en) * 1997-05-07 1998-10-27 Casteel; Joseph M. Storage structure with mezzanine access and method of assembly
GB2350130B (en) * 1999-05-21 2001-08-15 Ashley Thomas Beighton Improvements in or relating to building structures
WO2000071825A1 (en) * 1999-05-21 2000-11-30 Ashley Thomas Beighton Improvements in or relating to building structures
US6959515B1 (en) 1999-05-21 2005-11-01 Ashley Thomas Beighton Building structures
US20050210762A1 (en) * 2002-02-27 2005-09-29 Open House Systems Ab Modular building, prefabricated volume-module and method for production of a modular building
US7941984B2 (en) * 2008-10-06 2011-05-17 Charles Roig Wind force resistant structure
US20100083607A1 (en) * 2008-10-06 2010-04-08 Charles Roig Wind Force Resistant Structure
FR2945556A1 (en) * 2009-05-12 2010-11-19 Michel Duval Modular habitat, has modular habitation element received on vertical face of extension element to be fixed on circumference of opening that is practiced in modular habitation element
US20110185646A1 (en) * 2010-02-03 2011-08-04 Jeffrey Kovel Modular construction systems and methods
US8701357B2 (en) * 2010-02-03 2014-04-22 Jeffrey Kovel Modular construction systems and methods
US20140352247A1 (en) * 2012-03-20 2014-12-04 J. Martin Lovely THOMPSON Framework serving as structural support and utility space
US9068352B2 (en) * 2012-03-20 2015-06-30 J Martin Lovely Thompson Framework serving as structural support and utility space
US9366020B2 (en) 2012-11-06 2016-06-14 Fc Modular, Llc Modular building unit connection system
CN106164388A (en) * 2013-12-23 2016-11-23 冈特·格兰特·盖格 Building, in particular a hospital
US20160348387A1 (en) * 2013-12-23 2016-12-01 Gunter Geiger Building, in particular a hospital
US10167645B2 (en) * 2013-12-23 2019-01-01 Gunter Geiger Building, in particular a hospital

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