US37195A - Improvement in hydraulic cylinders - Google Patents

Improvement in hydraulic cylinders Download PDF

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US37195A
US37195A US37195DA US37195A US 37195 A US37195 A US 37195A US 37195D A US37195D A US 37195DA US 37195 A US37195 A US 37195A
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cylinder
cylinders
improvement
hydraulic cylinders
over
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B39/00Component parts, details, or accessories, of pumps or pumping systems, not otherwise provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B25/00 - F04B37/00
    • F04B39/06Cooling; Heating; Prevention of freezing
    • F04B39/064Cooling by a cooling jacket in the pump casing

Description

UNITED )STATES Parenti* Orrrci.

DANIEIIFITZGERALD, OF NEI/V YORK, ASSIGIIOR TO HIMSELF AND O'HAS. B. TATHAM, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.

IMPROVEMENT IN HYDRAULIC CYLINDEPES.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 37., llh, dated December 1G, 1862.

To a/ZZ LU/tour r'z 17e/ay concern:

Be it known that I, DANIEL FrrzGEariLD, of the city, county, and State ot' New York, have invented a new and useful improvement in the mode of constructing hydraulic and other cylinders where great strength is required; and I hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description thereof.

flo enable others skilled in the business to make and use my invention, I proceed to describe its construction and operation, reference being` had to the drawings hereunto annexed and making part ol this specitlcation.

Figure. 1 is a side elevation of cylinder; Fig. 2, an end elevation of the same; Fig. 3, ay longitudinal section; Fig. el., an enlarged section showing the concentric cylinders.

The same letters refer to thc same things in all the figures.

A are outside hoops; B, the rods for longitudinal strength; O, the outside cylinder; D, a ribbed cylinder within O; E, a ribbed cylinder within l); F, the inner hoops; Gr, the inner cylinder; Il, the piston; I, the breechplate; J, the muzzle-plate; K, nut connecting the cylinders; L, vent or influx tube.

Where cylinders require great strength, as in hydraulic pumps for dry-docks, hydraulic presses for embossing cannon, cylinders for condensing gases, or for consolidation of substances, Sie., it is diflicnlt to accomplish the construction otthem with one piece of metal on account ot' defects. It is also difficult to transport and place large masses.

By combining many metal cylinders in one, so that they shall be equalized and practically united, the object is attained. Great strength is had without the difficulty ot' making enormous forgings or castings, and the transportation in separate parts becomes easy. To this end I construct the interior part of the cylinder required sut'ticiently thick for stability, and having the proper vent or influx tube, as shown, Fig. 3,Ii. Over this inner cylinder or barrel I shrink hoops F, and then it would be best to turn the surface smooth.

.and with a wide ilange at the muzzle.

There may be a narrow space left between the hoops. Over thislputon acylinderylltting it and shrinking it on,closing over the breech, and around the intluX-tube, all the cylinders having tlanges at the muzzle spreading to the full width of the finished cylinder. This cylinder E must have a few holes in it, and it may have longitudinal ribs from end to end. Over this I shrink on another cylinder, D, similar to E, and closing over the breech ot' the other, and with abroad tiange at muzzle. This has ribs, and theybreak joints with those ot' the other E, and this has holes in it. Over this I shrink on the outside cylinder, O, closing it over the breech of the preceding, This is to be tight, except for an inlet and a, valve. Over this outside cyl inder I shrink thick hoops, and then pnt on the breech-plate I. Through this and the three muzzle-flanges, O, D, and J, I put many strong bolts, well secured, and it would be well to weld the nut and shrink the rods to draw the whole together. l now fill the intcrstices between the cylinders with water, and secure it in with safety-valve. It" it be a gun I pnt in the water hot to make even expansion before loading, and to add to the strength of the metal. I can omit putting in the water, and yet have a. strong and au elastic gun. I can fit the cylinders one into the other without shrinking them together, so that it may be taken to pieces, as the ribs are intended to touch the inner surface ofthe next outside cylinder. t

that I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

Consolidating and combining the strength ot' concentric cylinders by means of water or otherliquid, hot or cold, tilling the interstices, in the manner substantially as above described.

DANIEL FITZGERALD.

Vfituesses:

OWEN G. WARREN, J. D. S'rUu'rEVAN'r.

US37195A Improvement in hydraulic cylinders Expired - Lifetime US37195A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2627654A (en) * 1947-12-31 1953-02-10 Clifford J King Mining drill bit extractor
US3395621A (en) * 1966-03-17 1968-08-06 Nordberg Manufacturing Co Hydraulic cylinder support
US3659967A (en) * 1970-05-27 1972-05-02 Kobe Inc Hydraulic intensifier
US5167182A (en) * 1991-10-04 1992-12-01 Sims James O Modular fluid actuator
US20090150688A1 (en) * 2001-08-03 2009-06-11 Cypress Semiconductor Corp. Method for efficient supply of power to a microcontroller

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2627654A (en) * 1947-12-31 1953-02-10 Clifford J King Mining drill bit extractor
US3395621A (en) * 1966-03-17 1968-08-06 Nordberg Manufacturing Co Hydraulic cylinder support
US3659967A (en) * 1970-05-27 1972-05-02 Kobe Inc Hydraulic intensifier
US5167182A (en) * 1991-10-04 1992-12-01 Sims James O Modular fluid actuator
US20090150688A1 (en) * 2001-08-03 2009-06-11 Cypress Semiconductor Corp. Method for efficient supply of power to a microcontroller

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