US3717966A - Anchor tie construction and method of setting an anchor tie in the ground - Google Patents

Anchor tie construction and method of setting an anchor tie in the ground Download PDF

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US3717966A
US3717966A US3717966DA US3717966A US 3717966 A US3717966 A US 3717966A US 3717966D A US3717966D A US 3717966DA US 3717966 A US3717966 A US 3717966A
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anchor
settable
inflatable
rod
pressure medium
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E Reichert
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STUMP BOHR AG
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STUMP BOHR AG
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Priority to DE19702004270 priority Critical patent/DE2004270B2/de
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/34Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same
    • E02D5/38Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same making by use of mould-pipes or other moulds
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/74Means for anchoring structural elements or bulkheads
    • E02D5/80Ground anchors
    • E02D5/808Ground anchors anchored by using exclusively a bonding material

Abstract

A method of setting an anchor tie in the ground, the anchor tie comprising an anchor body and a rod or bar connected to the anchor body and extending to above ground level. The anchor tie is placed in a bore hole traversing the ground and settable material, such as concrete, is introduced into the bore hole to surround the anchor body and the adjacent portion of the rod. In accordance with the invention, the settable material surrounding the rod adjacent the anchor body is displaced from the settable material in the region of the anchor body by introducing a pressure medium between the respective regions. This may be accomplished by surrounding the rod adjacent the anchor body with an inflatable elastic annular tube or bag into which pressure medium, such as water, is forced after the settable material has been poured but before it has set. Considered from another aspect, the invention provides for an anchor tie construction wherein the anchor body proper is set in the ground, surrounded by a set mass of material, such as concrete, the rod extending from the anchor body being spaced from the set mass in the region adjacent the anchor body by an inflated annular bag or tube surrounding the rod means. Considered from a still further aspect, the invention provides for a testing method for determining the resistance to pulling force of an anchor tie construction set in the ground. According to the method, a pressure medium containing bag or tube surrounds the rod adjacent the anchor tie body proper. Communication to ground level is established with the pressure medium containing bag or tube, for example by a pipe or conduit extending from the bag to above ground level. A pulling or drawing force is then exerted on the rod. If the anchor tie is dislodged by this force, it will press against the pressure medium containing bag, thereby causing pressure medium to be forced through the conduit towards ground level. By contrast, if the anchor tie withstands the pulling force, no pressure medium will reach ground level.

Description

United States Patent [191 Reichert ANCHOR TIE CONSTRUCTION AND METHOD OF SETTING AN ANCHOR TIE IN THE GROUND [75] Inventor:

Ernst Reichert, Poring, Germany Assignee: Stump Bohr AG, Zurich, Switzerland Jan. 26, 1971 Filed:

App]. No.:

Foreign Application Priority Data Jan. 30, 1970 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Robichaux et al ..6l/53.68 Lamberton ....6l/53.62 3,114,245 12/1963 Jennings,.lr.etal. ....6l/53.62 3,494,134 2/1970 Jorge ..52/l66 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS Great Britain ..6 l/53.68

Primary Examiner-Alfred C. Perham Attorney-T0ren and McGeady [5 7] ABSTRACT A method of setting an anchor tie in the ground, the

[ Feb. 27, 1973 anchor tie comprising an anchor body and a rod or bar connected to the anchor body and extending to above ground level. The anchor tie is placed in a bore hole traversing the ground and settable material, such as concrete, is introduced into the bore hole to surround the anchor body and the adjacent portion of the rod. In accordance with the invention, the settable material surrounding the rod adjacent the anchor body is displaced from the settable material in the region of the anchor body by introducing a pressure medium between the respective regions. This may be accomplished by surrounding the rod adjacent the anchor body with an inflatable elastic annular tube or bag into which pressure medium, such as water, is forced after the settable material. has been poured but before it has set.

Considered from another aspect, the invention provides for an anchor tie construction wherein the anchor body proper is set in the ground, surrounded by a set mass of material, such as concrete, the rod extending from the anchor body being spaced from the set mass in the region adjacent the anchor body by an inflated annular bag or tube surrounding the rod means.

Considered from a still further aspect, the invention provides for a testing method for determining the resistance to pulling force of an anchor tie construction set in the ground. According to the method, a pressure medium containing bag or ube surrounds the rod adjacent the anchor tie body proper. Communication to ground level is established with the pressure medium containing bag or tube, for example by a pipe or conduit extending from the bag to above ground level. A pulling or drawing force is then exerted on the rod. If the anchor tie is dislodged by this force, it will press against the pressure medium containing bag, thereby causing pressure medium to be forced through the conduit towards ground level. By contrast, if the anchor tie withstands the pulling force, no pressure medium will reach ground level.

9 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure Pmtmmrmmn I N VE N T0 R= ERNST REICHERT 4m FIELD OF INVENTION The invention relates to anchor ties or tie rods which are set in the ground and which are used for anchoring construction elements.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION AND PRIOR ART Anchor ties are set in the ground for the purpose of anchoring construction elements. Such anchor ties usually comprise an anchor body proper and a rod or bar connected to the anchor body and extending vertically therefrom to a location above ground level. In practice, such anchor ties are inserted in a bore hole traversing the ground with the anchor body resting on the bottom of the hole. Settable construction material, such as for example concrete, is then poured or injected into the bore hole to surround the anchor body and to penetrate the surrounding earth formation to form, after setting, as set mass which effectively retains the anchor tie in the ground. The settable material, which is introduced into the bore hole, of course also surrounds the rod, at least in the region adjacent the anchor body. However, it is desired that settable material surrounding the rod, at least in the zone or region adjacent the anchor body proper, is spaced or separated from the set material surrounding the anchor body. According to a prior suggestion, the separation of the settable materials is accomplished by an additional pull or drawing member which surrounds the anchor rod over a predetermined length. By pulling this pulling member, a pulling force is exerted on the settable material surrounding the anchor rod and in this manner the settable material in the respective region is moved away from the bulk of the settable material surrounding the anchor body and a spacing between the settable material and the rod is thus accomplished. It has also been suggested that stationary spacers of rigid or soft material be interposed between the settable material and the rod means. All these prior art constructions, however, have serious disadvantages, are cumbersome and do not always yield the desired results.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is a primary object of the invention to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art proposals and to accomplish the desired separation between the two regions of the settable material in an exceedingly simple and efficient manner which moreover can be readily controlled and regulated.

Another object of the invention is to provide a superior anchor tie construction.

It is also an object of the invention to provide for a method of testing the resistance to pulling forces of anchor tie constructions set in the ground.

Generally, it is an object of the invention to improve on the art of anchor tie construction as presently practiced.

Briefly, and in accordance with the invention the settable material, after it has been introduced into the bore hole, is displaced, prior to setting, in the boundary region or transition zone between the anchor body proper and the rod. This is accomplished by a pressure medium. From a practical point of view the rod, in the region adjacent the anchor body proper is surrounded by an inflatable elastic bag or tube which communicates with ground level through a pipe or conduit. When the settable material, such as concrete, is poured into the bore hole, the bag or tube is in deflated condition and lies flat against the rod. However, after the introduction of the settable material, a suitable pressure medium, such as for example water, is injected into the bag or tube, thereby inflating it and displacing the settable material, before it has set, away from the rod and thus away from the settable material surrounding the anchor body.

The inflatable bag or tube which preferably is of annular nature, is advantageously arranged about the rod at a level adjacent the rear or top end of the anchor body proper as distinguished from the front or bottom end of the anchor body. Due to the separation accomplished in accordance with the invention, any force to which the rod is subjected, is introduced into the surrounding soil formation through the'tie rod construction proper only.

The various features of novelty which characterize the invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this specification. For a better understanding of the invention, its operating advantages and specific objects attained by its use, reference should be had to the accompanying drawing and descriptive matter in which there is illustrated and described a preferred embodiment of the invention.

The single FIGURE of the drawing illustrates a longitudinal section through a formation in which an anchor tie construction is being set in accordance with the invention.

Referring now to the drawing the anchor tie, comprising an anchor rod 5 and an anchor body 4, is set in a formation 1, ground level being indicated by reference numeral 10. The formation 1 is traversed by a bore hole 2 which is lined with casing as indicated by reference numeral 3. The casing 3 may be in the nature of a drilling pipe. The anchoring body 4 is of substantially U-shaped cross-section and has a bottom or front end 1 1 and a rear or top end 12. The anchor body 4 and the rod 5 are connected to each other, the rod extending from the anchor body 4 to a location above the ground level 10. The casing 3 also extends to above ground level as indicated by reference numeral 8.

In accordance with the invention, an annular tube or bag 6 of elastic material surrounds the rod 5 at a location adjacent the rear or top end 12 of the anchor body 4. A conduit or pipe 7 extends from the bag or tube 6 to above ground level, the conduit being tied to the rod by string or wire as indicated by reference numeral 13. In practice, the bore hole 2 is first drilled and lined with the casing 3,8. The anchor tie is then inserted into the bore hole with the anchor body 4 resting on the bottom of the hole and the rod 5 extending to a location above the ground level 10 as shown. The anchor tie is inserted into the bore hole with the bag or tube 6 connected thereto, the bag or tube being in deflated or flat condition. Settable construction material, such as for example, concrete, is then injected into the bore hole. This may be accomplished thereby that a source of the material is connected to the projecting end 8 of the casing 3 and the material, such as concrete, is forced into the bore hole under pressure. The settable material thus enters the bore hole, surrounds the anchor body 4 and penetrates into the surrounding earth formation. The settable material, however, also surrounds the rod. During the pouring of the settable material, the casing 3 is preferably raised, thereby facilitating penetration of the settable material into the earth formation. The settable material after setting forms the so-called anchor block 9 which is in fact a hard set mass. The lifting or raising of the casing 3, while simultaneously pouring the settable material under pressure, should advantageously be effected until the casing has reached a location behind the bag or tube 6, to wit, at the upper end of the path c. Prior to setting of the settable material, a pressure medium is now introduced into the bag or tube 6 for inflation purposes. This is accomplished by suitably connecting the end 7 of the conduit projecting above ground level to a pressure medium source, such as water. The bag or tube 6 is thus inflated and due to the inflation, of course, displaces the settable material in the zone or region of the rod adjacent the rear or top end 12 of the anchor body, thereby separating the settable material surrounding the rod from the bulk of the settable material surrounding the anchor body. Once the bag or tube 6 has been inflated by the pressure medium, to wit for example, water, the casing 3 may be raised further and additional settable material may be introduced to fill the bore hole up to ground level. Usually it is unnecessary to effect the introduction of the additional settable material under substantial pressure. Due to the inflated separating bag or tube, the settable material in the zone a, as indicated in the drawing, is thus effectively separated from zone b.

Once the material has set, the inventive arrangement is peculiarly suitable for testing whether or not forces applied to the anchor tie are actually introduced into the ambient or surrounding earth formation solely through the anchor block 9. For the purpose of testing, a pulling force is exerted on the rod in the direction of the arrow I, while the outer end of the conduit 7 is opened. If, as a result of the pulling force, no liquid exits from the open end of the conduit 7, it follows, of course, that the anchor block 9 has not been dislodged within the earth formation but has been able to withstand the pulling force. By contrast, if the pulling force, to which the rod 5 is subjected, results in movement of the anchor block 9, pressure will, of course, be exerted on the water containing bag or tube 6 resulting in water appearing through the open end of the conduit 7. This, of course, is then an indication that the anchor tie construction has not withstood the pulling force. Once it has been established, in the manner referred to, that the anchor tie construction has been properly set and is capable of withstanding the desired forces, settable material, such as concrete, may also be introduced into the bag or tube 6. This is simply accomplished by displacing the water or the like pressure medium in the bag or tube by the settable materialthrough the conduit 7.

To prevent corrosion, it is advantageous to coat the rod 5 over its entire length with a corrosion resistant insulating layer.

What is claimed is:

l. A method for setting an anchor tie in the ground, said anchor tie consisting essentially of an anchor body and rod means fixed to said anchor body, said method comprising the steps of:

inserting the anchor tie into a bore traversing the ground with a portion of said rod means projecting to above ground level;

locating inflatable means in said bore at a point surrounding said rod means which point is proximately above said anchor body, said inflatable means including means extending to above ground level through which a pressure medium may be directed into or out of said inflatable means;

introducing settable material into said bore to surround said anchor body, said rod means and said inflatable means;

injecting a pressure medium into said inflatable means prior to setting of said settable material whereby portions of said settable material surrounding said inflatable means are displaced from the volume occupied by said inflatable means thereby to form a separation between the settable material surrounding said rod means and the settable material surrounding said anchor body; and

thereafter permitting said settable material to set whereby said anchor tie may be formed with the settable material which surrounds said rod means separated from the settable material which surrounds said anchor body.

2. A method according to claim 1, wherein said inflatable means comprises an inflatable elastic annular bag having a tube extending therefrom to above ground level, said settable material being introduced into said bore with said bag in a deflated condition, said pressure medium thereafter being injected into said bag through said tube to inflate said bag thereby to cause said displacement of the settable material.

3. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein said pressure medium is water.

4. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein said bore is lined with casing, said casing being at least partially lifted out of said bore before said settable material has set.

5. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein said bore is lined with casing, said casing being raised while said settable material is introduced into said bore.

6. A method according to claim 5, including the steps of introducing said settable material under a first higher pressure for a period of time until said casing which is being raised is situated a small distance above said inflatable member, subsequently injecting said pressure medium into said inflatable means, and thereafter, and while said casing is continued to be raised, introducing additional amounts of settable material under a second lower pressure.

7. A method according to claim 2, wherein settable material is introduced into said bag through said tube subsequent to injection therein of said pressure medium, whereby said pressure medium is displaced by said settable material, whereafter the settable material in said bag in allowed to set.

8. A method for testing the resistance to pulling force of an anchor tie set in the ground, said anchor tie consisting essentially of an anchor body and rod means fixed to said anchor body, said anchor tie being surrounded by a mass of settable material and having said rod means extending from said anchor body to a location above ground level, said method comprising the steps of:

locating inflatable means to surround said rod means at a point proximately above said anchor body prior to placement of said settable material about said anchor tie, said inflatable means including means extending to above ground level through which a pressure medium may be directed into or out of saidinflatable means; injecting a pressure "medium into said inflatable means subsequent to placing of said settable material about said anchor tie but prior to setting of said settable material whereby portions of said settable material surrounding said inflatable means are displaced from the volume occupied by said inflatable means thereby to form a separation between the settable material surrounding said rod means and the settable material surrounding said anchor body; thereafter permitting said settable material to set; applying a pulling force to said rod means; and detecting whether said pressure medium is displaced from within said inflatable means thereby to determine whether said set material surrounding said anchor body has been displaced as a result of the pulling force applied to said rod means whereby the effectiveness of the setting of said anchor tie in the ground may be determined.

9. An anchor tie construction anchored in the ground comprising an anchor body, rod means fixed to said anchor body and extending therefrom to a location above ground level, a first mass of set material surrounding said anchor body, a second mass of set material surrounding said rod means, said second mass being located adjacent said first mass, and inflatable means configured to surround said rod means and located between said first and said second mass of set material, said inflatable means including means extending to above ground level through which a fluid medium may be directed into and out of said inflatable means, said inflatable means being adaptable to being inflated by introduction of a pressure medium therein during a time when said set material is in an unset condition thereby to effect separation between said first and said second mass of set material prior to setting thereof, said inflatable means being also adapted to have unset settable material injected thereinto whereby said pressure medium may be displaced therefrom so that the internal volume of said inflatable means becomes occupied by set material which has been premitted to set after having been first introduced in said unset condition.

Claims (9)

1. A method for setting an anchor tie in the ground, said anchor tie consisting essentially of an anchor body and rod means fixed to said anchor body, said method comprising the steps of: inserting the anchor tie into a bore traversing the ground with a portion of said rod means projecting to above ground level; locating inflatable means in said bore at a point surrounding said rod means which point is proximately above said anchor body, said inflatable means including means extending to above ground level through which a pressure medium may be directed into or out of said inflatable means; introducing settable material into said bore to surround said anchor body, said rod means and said inflatable means; injecting a pressure medium into said inflatable means prior to setting of said settable material whereby portions of said settable material surrounding said inflatable means are displaced from the volume occupied by said inflatable means thereby to form a separation between the settable material surrounding said rod means and the settable material surrounding said anchor body; and thereafter permitting said settable material to set whereby said anchor tie may be formed with the settable material which surrounds said rod means separated from the settable material which surrounds said anchor body.
2. A method according to claim 1, wherein said inflatable means comprises an inflatable elastic annular bag having a tube extending therefrom to above ground level, said settable material being introduced into said bore with said bag in a deflated condition, said pressure medium thereafter being injected into said bag through said tube to inflate said bag thereby to cause said displacement of the settable material.
3. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein said pressure medium is water.
4. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein said bore is lined with casing, said casing being at least partially lifted out of said bore before said settable material has set.
5. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein said bore is lined with casing, said casing being raised while said settable material is introduced into said bore.
6. A method according to claim 5, including the steps of introducing said settable material under a first higher pressure for a period of time until said casing which is being raised is situated a small distance above said inflatable member, subsequently injecting said pressure medium into said inflatable means, and thereafter, and while said casing is continued to be raised, introducing additional amounts of settable material under a second lower pressure.
7. A method according to claim 2, wherein settable material is introduced into said bag through said tube subsequent to injection therein of said pressure medium, whereby said pressure medium is displaced by said settable material, whereafter the settable material in said bag in allowed to set.
8. A method for testing the resistance to pulling force of an anchor tie set in the ground, said anchor tie consisting essentially of an anchor body and rod means fixed to said anchor body, said anchor tie being surrounded by a mass of settable material and having said rod means extending from said anchor body to a location above ground level, said method comprising the steps of: locating inflatable means to surround said rod means at a point proximately above said anchor body prior to placement of said settable material about said anchor tie, said inflatable means including mEans extending to above ground level through which a pressure medium may be directed into or out of said inflatable means; injecting a pressure medium into said inflatable means subsequent to placing of said settable material about said anchor tie but prior to setting of said settable material whereby portions of said settable material surrounding said inflatable means are displaced from the volume occupied by said inflatable means thereby to form a separation between the settable material surrounding said rod means and the settable material surrounding said anchor body; thereafter permitting said settable material to set; applying a pulling force to said rod means; and detecting whether said pressure medium is displaced from within said inflatable means thereby to determine whether said set material surrounding said anchor body has been displaced as a result of the pulling force applied to said rod means whereby the effectiveness of the setting of said anchor tie in the ground may be determined.
9. An anchor tie construction anchored in the ground comprising an anchor body, rod means fixed to said anchor body and extending therefrom to a location above ground level, a first mass of set material surrounding said anchor body, a second mass of set material surrounding said rod means, said second mass being located adjacent said first mass, and inflatable means configured to surround said rod means and located between said first and said second mass of set material, said inflatable means including means extending to above ground level through which a fluid medium may be directed into and out of said inflatable means, said inflatable means being adaptable to being inflated by introduction of a pressure medium therein during a time when said set material is in an unset condition thereby to effect separation between said first and said second mass of set material prior to setting thereof, said inflatable means being also adapted to have unset settable material injected thereinto whereby said pressure medium may be displaced therefrom so that the internal volume of said inflatable means becomes occupied by set material which has been premitted to set after having been first introduced in said unset condition.
US3717966D 1970-01-30 1971-01-26 Anchor tie construction and method of setting an anchor tie in the ground Expired - Lifetime US3717966A (en)

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DE19702004270 DE2004270B2 (en) 1970-01-30 1970-01-30

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Cited By (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3757528A (en) * 1971-09-21 1973-09-11 Dyckerhoff & Widmann Ag Method for producing a bearing pile of reinforced concrete
US5890842A (en) * 1997-04-23 1999-04-06 Dahill; Henry W. Ground anchor
US6141918A (en) * 1999-08-07 2000-11-07 Wrightson; Francis J Preformed casting for concrete deadman
US20050072078A1 (en) * 2003-10-03 2005-04-07 Calle Jonathan S. Device for creating a footing
US20060248852A1 (en) * 2003-10-03 2006-11-09 Calle Jonathan S Device for creating a footing
US20130129423A1 (en) * 2010-04-19 2013-05-23 Uretek Worldwide Oy Method and arrangement for preventing movement of structure
CN103397630A (en) * 2013-07-29 2013-11-20 上海强劲地基工程股份有限公司 Stiffening pile with grouting bags

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DE3035060C2 (en) * 1980-09-17 1982-10-07 Bauunternehmung E. Heitkamp Gmbh, 4690 Herne, De
DE3844417C2 (en) * 1988-12-30 1995-02-16 Tgb Technogrundbau Gmbh Process for producing a re-tensionable compression anchor with permanent corrosion protection, and compression anchor manufactured thereby
CN103437354B (en) * 2013-08-29 2015-11-25 湖南城市学院 Drainage anchor rod and construction method
CN106351231A (en) * 2016-08-27 2017-01-25 中国二十二冶集团有限公司 Construction method for increasing uplift bearing capacity of soil nailing walls

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GB880736A (en) * 1958-11-19 1961-10-25 Electricite De France Improved method of constructing foundations
US3114245A (en) * 1958-04-03 1963-12-17 Intrusion Prepakt Inc Earth pile anchorage
US3309878A (en) * 1964-09-03 1967-03-21 Tech Inc Const Method of forming piles
US3324665A (en) * 1964-10-28 1967-06-13 Shell Oil Co Method of stabilizing piles
US3494134A (en) * 1967-08-03 1970-02-10 Soletanche Ground anchor

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US3114245A (en) * 1958-04-03 1963-12-17 Intrusion Prepakt Inc Earth pile anchorage
GB880736A (en) * 1958-11-19 1961-10-25 Electricite De France Improved method of constructing foundations
US3309878A (en) * 1964-09-03 1967-03-21 Tech Inc Const Method of forming piles
US3324665A (en) * 1964-10-28 1967-06-13 Shell Oil Co Method of stabilizing piles
US3494134A (en) * 1967-08-03 1970-02-10 Soletanche Ground anchor

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3757528A (en) * 1971-09-21 1973-09-11 Dyckerhoff & Widmann Ag Method for producing a bearing pile of reinforced concrete
US5890842A (en) * 1997-04-23 1999-04-06 Dahill; Henry W. Ground anchor
US6141918A (en) * 1999-08-07 2000-11-07 Wrightson; Francis J Preformed casting for concrete deadman
EP1687489A4 (en) * 2003-10-03 2008-01-09 Jonathan S Calle Device for creating a footing
WO2005033443A3 (en) * 2003-10-03 2006-05-26 Jonathan S Calle Device for creating a footing
EP1687489A2 (en) * 2003-10-03 2006-08-09 Jonathan S. Calle Device for creating a footing
US20060248852A1 (en) * 2003-10-03 2006-11-09 Calle Jonathan S Device for creating a footing
US20050072078A1 (en) * 2003-10-03 2005-04-07 Calle Jonathan S. Device for creating a footing
US7549259B2 (en) 2003-10-03 2009-06-23 Strata Systems, Incorporated Device for creating a footing
US7562502B2 (en) 2003-10-03 2009-07-21 Strata Systems, Incorporated Device for creating a footing
US20100018152A1 (en) * 2003-10-03 2010-01-28 Strata Systems, Inc. Device for creating a footing
US7874122B2 (en) 2003-10-03 2011-01-25 Strata Systems, Incorporated Methods for creating footings
US20130129423A1 (en) * 2010-04-19 2013-05-23 Uretek Worldwide Oy Method and arrangement for preventing movement of structure
CN103397630A (en) * 2013-07-29 2013-11-20 上海强劲地基工程股份有限公司 Stiffening pile with grouting bags

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ES387639A1 (en) 1974-01-16
AT315752B (en) 1974-06-10
DE2004270A1 (en) 1971-08-26
DE2004270B2 (en) 1974-07-18
CH519062A (en) 1972-02-15

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