US3602191A - Web guiding apparatus - Google Patents

Web guiding apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3602191A
US3602191A US842507A US3602191DA US3602191A US 3602191 A US3602191 A US 3602191A US 842507 A US842507 A US 842507A US 3602191D A US3602191D A US 3602191DA US 3602191 A US3602191 A US 3602191A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
foil
roll
web
bowed
support
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US842507A
Inventor
William S Gorton Jr
Dean C Westervelt
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CBS Corp
Original Assignee
Westinghouse Electric Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Westinghouse Electric Corp filed Critical Westinghouse Electric Corp
Priority to US84250769A priority Critical
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3602191A publication Critical patent/US3602191A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H23/00Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs
    • B65H23/02Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs transversely
    • B65H23/032Controlling transverse register of web
    • B65H23/038Controlling transverse register of web by rollers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F41/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties
    • H01F41/02Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets
    • H01F41/04Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets for manufacturing coils
    • H01F41/06Coil winding
    • H01F41/094Tensioning or braking devices

Abstract

Apparatus for directing a moving web, such as metallic foil, about two 90* turns, including means for simultaneously preventing wrinkles in the web, controlling web tension, and accurately guiding the web. The means for performing these functions are mounted on a pivotable support, which pivots in response to edge guide control means to maintain the desired tracking of the web without creating distortion therein.

Description

United States Patent COATI N6 .118

MEANS [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,607,588 8/1952 Morey 226/23 3,104,789 9/1963 Fife 226/22 3,222,895 12/1965 Sheppard. 118/67 X 3,326,435 6/1967 Shelton 226/22 Primary Examiner.iohn P. Mclntosh AttorneysA. T. Stratton, F. E. Browder and Donald R.

Lackey ABSTRACT: Apparatus for directing a moving web, such as metallic foil, about two 90 turns, including means for simultaneously preventing wrinkles in the web, controlling web tension, and accurately guiding the web. The means for perform ing these functions are mounted on a pivotable support, which pivots in response to edge guide control means to maintain the desired tracking of the web without creating distortion therein.

ease 7o CONTROL PATENIED Ausal Ian SHEET 2 BF 2 was GUIDING APPARATUS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The invention relates in general to web handling apparatus, and more specifically to apparatus for guiding, controlling tension, and preventing wrinkles, in a moving web.

2. Description of the Prior Art The metallic strip or foil, such as copper or aluminum, used to wind electrical coils for electrical apparatus, such as distribution transformers, has a thin coating of electrical insulation applied to at'least one, and usually to both of its major sides. The insulation is applied wet and subsequently dried and cured to form a thin uniform coating. In the interest of conserving floor space, the insulating coatings are usually applied in one or more vertical coating towers, with vertically disposed ovens drying and curing the wet coatings. With high speed foil coating lines, such as lines which operate at a rate of 100 feet per minute, or more, the length of the drying and curing ovens required becomes appreciable. The overall height of the tower may be reduced by about one-half by utilizing two vertical ovens placed side-by-side for drying and curing each layer of insulation applied to the web. Thus, the web or foil may be coated with liquid insulating means and then dried in the first oven before contacting an upper supporting roll, and then the foil may be directed downwardly over another supporting roll, into'the second oven where the insulting coating is cured.

Metallic foil is notperfectly flat,-and may oftenhave an appreciablecamber, or other imperfections such as gage bands, or floppy edges. Thelack of foil fiatness combined-with other factors suchas the width of the foil, high running speeds, air currents, high oventemper at'ures, dimensional changes of the coatings while drying and curing, and tension buildup in the foil" due to unavoidable friction in the coating line, produce a tendency in the foilto.wander-laterally,as well asto wrinkle or even tear. It has been found that these undesirable characteristics are particularly troublesomeabove the vertical double ovens of a coatingline, where the foil is directed about two 90 turns by the upper support or head rolls.

Therefore, it would be desirable to be able to direct hot, cambered, coated foil about two 90 turns, whileedge'guiding the foil, controlling the foil tension, and removing waves and preventing wrinkling of the foil.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Briefly, the present invention is web guiding apparatus which performs the function of directing a moving web, such as hot coated metallic foil, about two 90 turns, while edge guiding the foil, controlling foil tension, and preventing wrinkles therein. The web guidingapparatus includes first and second horizontally spacedparallel rollsmounted for rotation ona common support. Whenmounted above two vertically disposed ovens of a coating l n the foil moves upwardly and performs the first turn about the. first roll. The foil then travels horizontally to the second roll andperforms the second tum about the second roll, and then directed downwardly into the second oven. An adjustable torque drive for driving at least the second roll is mounted on the support. The first roll may also be driven, if desired. The drive is adjusted to provide a free-running surface speed of the driven roll which, relativeto the strip speed, willprovidethe desired strip tension on each side of the'roll. Abow-shaped roll is mounted for rotation on the common support suchthat it contacts a major surface of the upwardly moving foil before this major surface contacts the first roll. The bowed or curved roll has an inner stationary bowed axle and an outer flexible sleeve which rotates about the bowed axil on bearings. .The foil contacts the bowed roll, with the bowed roll urging the edges of the foil outwardly, whichovercomes any tendency of the foil to wrinkle. The whole common support, including the first roll, the second or driven roll, and the bowed roll, is pivoted about a vertical axis at one end of the support, adjacent the bowed roll. The centerline of the pivot point is tangent to the bowed roll and substantially aligned with the vertically approaching foil. Means for pivoting the support about this axis is disposed to be responsive to a signal from an edge sensing head located to sense the edge position of the foil after it leaves the second roll. Mounting the bowed roll and the tension adjusting roll on the movable or pivotable support, which pivots to maintain the proper tacking of the foil, prevents the foil from wrinkling between the bowed roll and the first roll, and between the first and second rolls.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to the drawings, FIG. 1 diagrammatically illustrates a foil coating line 10, including web guiding apparatus l2'constructed according to the teachings of the invention. FIG. 2 is a perspective view of web guiding apparatus '12, shown pictorially rather than diagrammatically, in order to more clearly illustrate the components of the apparatus and their cooperation. Like reference numerals in FIGS. 1 and 2 indicate like components.

The web coating line 10 uniformly coats one or both major sides of a web 14 of metallic foil, such as aluminum or copper,

with a liquid insulating material or enamel. The metallic foil 14 may-be of any-suitable thickness and width, with foilused for distribution transformer windings generally having a thickness in the range of 2 to 8 mils. I

The foil 14 is then unwound from storage reell6 and guided into coating means 18 via idler or guide roll 20. Coating means 18 applies a coating ofliquid insulating means to one or both of the major surfaces or sides 22 and 24 of the foil .14. Coating means 18 is not shown in detail, as the specific type ofcoating means used is not important to the invention. In general coating means l8vmay apply the liquidcoating to thefoil 14 by directing the foil 14 through a bath of the insulating means, or, the insulating means may be sprayed on the foil v14; or, the insulating means may be applied with an applicator roll.

After one or both of the major surfaces of the foil 14 is coated with liquid insulating means, the foil 14 is-directed into .heating means, such as oven 26, where the liquid insulating coating'is dried. Oven 26'is a vertical oven Withhe foil 14 leaving the coating means 18 and being directed substantially verticallythrough the oven 26 as indicated. by arrow 28. Coating means 18 may have driven rolls therein which aid in propelling thefoil throughthe coating line.

After the insulating coating on foil 14 is dried, it is directed via web guiding apparatus 12 through .two right angle turns which reverse the direction of the foil 14. Thus, web guiding apparatus 12 directs the upwardly advancing foil through two clockwise bends, as illustrated in-FIG. 1, first directing the foil from a vertical position into a horizontal position, and then directing it from the horizontal position back into a vertical position. After being directed into the second vertical position, it is then directed downwardly through heating means 30, which may be a vertical oven similar to oven 26, with oven 30 providing the heat for curing the insulating coating. The dry- After leaving oven 30, the foil 14 is directed through cooling means 32 via idler roll 34, with cooling means 32, as illustrated, being a plurality of perforated pipes disposed on both sides of the foil 14 which are connected to a supply of air. The plurality of pipes direct air over the foil to remove heat therefrom. The cooled foil may then advance about idler rolls 36 and 38 into an S bridle drive arrangement, which includes driven rollers 40 and 42, and then foil 14 in wound into a roll 44 by a controlled tension recoiler.

Vertical ovens are used to perform the function of drying and curing the insulating coatings, in order to conserve floor space, and the functions of drying and curing are performed in two closely spaced vertical ovens, respectively, in order to limit the oven height, and thus.the building height, on high speed coating lines, such as those lines capable of operating at a rate of 100 feet per minute or more. The directing of the foil 14 from oven 26 into oven 30, above the ovens, is not as simple as providing two spaced idle head rolls, since commercial foil is not flat. Metallic foil may have a camber therein, or gage bands, or floppy edges, or a combination of these and other imperfections, any of which cause guiding problems which become intolerable as the strip width and operating speeds are increased. Further, the high drying and curing temperatures with the resulting dimensional changes of the insulating coatings, as well as uneven heating across the foil width, give rise to tension patterns which may cause the foil to develop waves, and then wrinkle, as it is passed over a roll. Also, there is a tension buildup in the foil due to unavoidable friction in the system. It would be desirable to be able to isolate the tension in the foil between the two heating zones, i.e., ovens 26 and. 30. In some instances, with certain types of coating lines, it may even be desirable to add tension to the strip of foil. All of these factors may be controlled when utilizing the web guiding apparatus 12 shown in FIG. 1 which simultaneously edge guides the foil, prevents the foil from wrinkling, and controls the tension in the foil.

In general, web guiding means 12, as illustrated in FIGS 1 and 2, includes support means or frame 50 which is pivotable about a vertical axis 52, with the means for pivotally holding the support 50 being of any suitable construction, such as the ball joint type assembly 53 shown in FIG. 2. The vertical pivot axis 52 must be tangent to roll 80, at the point where the vertically advancing foil first contacts roll 80. The support means 50 has first and second ends 47 and 49, respectively which may also be termed the entering material and exiting material ends, respectively. The vertical pivot axis 52 is disposed at the first or entering material end of the support means 50. The support means 50 is completed with first and second sides 61 and 63, respectively, which are substantially parallel with one another and which join the ends 47 and 49 of the support means 50. Support means 50 pivots about the vertical axis 52, as illustrated by arrows 55 and 57 in FIG. 2, with the support means 50 being supported by roller means disposed at various points on the support means, which may ride on tracks mounted independently from the support means 50. Thus, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 rollers 54 and 56 may ride on tracks 58 and 60 respectively. While only two rollers are shown, the tracks 58 and 60 may extend across the width of the support means 50, enabling rollers to also be disposed at locations on the sides of the support means which are opposite to those occupied by rollers 54 and 56.

First and second rolls 62 and 64, which have a longitudinal dimension suflicient to accommodate the widest metallic foil to be coated, are mounted for rotation on the support means 50 at the first and second ends 47 and 49 thereof, with the axes of the rolls 62 and 64 being parallel with one another and is substantially the same horizontal plane. The first roll 62 may be an idle roll, or it may be driven with a torque drive, as desired. The second roll is mounted near the opposite end 49 of support means 50, and this roll is driven by an adjustable torque drive 66, which is mounted on support means 50. Drive 66 may be adjusted to isolate the tension in the strip or foil in the two heating ovens 26 and 30. In other words, the drive 66 may be adjusted such that the free-running surface speed of rolls 64, i.e. the roll speed without a load, is faster than the strip speed, which thus causes an increase in the tension in the portion of the strip before it reaches roll 64, and reduces the tension in the strip after it leaves roll 64; or drive 66 may be adjusted such that the free-running surface speed of roll 64 is less than the strip or foil speed, which causes the drive to act as a drag, increasing the tension in the foil after it leaves roll 64 and reducing the tension in the foil before it reaches the second roll 64. This is true as the actual surface speed of the roll is always the same as the strip speed. Any slippage occurs within the drive system, not between the roll and the strip.-

While the strip tension may be continuously sensed and converted to a feedback signal for automatically adjusting the free-running drive speed, and thus automatically adjust the affect of the second roll 64 on the strip tension, it has been found that the free-running drive speed may be adjusted to a predetermined value for each strip speed and then left in this predetermined setting until the line speed is changed. A conventional adjustable torque-type drive, such as a drive of the eddy current type, is suitable for this application. The freerunning surface speed of roll 64 may be set by the drive means 66 relative to strip speed, to correct many wrinkle conditions which may occur in the foil. The roll 64, along with its drive means, is mounted on the pivotable frame or support means 50 in order to prevent wrinkling from being reintroduced into the foil, which would be the case were the driven roll to be mounted independently from the pivotable means 50.

The pivotable support means 50, being pivoted about an axis located at the end of the entering material, is moved or pivoted to steer the end at which the driven roll 64 is mounted, with the angular displacement of the support means 50 being responsive to means for edge guiding the foil 14. In other words, it is important that the edge of the foil 14 be directed accurately into the curing oven 30 without lateral wandering or swimming" of the foil. Edge sensing means 67, which includes a sensing head 68 and edge control means 70, provides a signal for means 72, such as a hydraulic cylinder, which is disposed to move the support means 50 in the direction of arrow 57, or in the direction of arrow 55, as required to correct any wandering of the foil 14. The sensing head 68 may be pneumatic or photoelectric, as desired, with the sensing head disposed to detect the edge of the material and, when an error occurs, to send a signal to the edge control means 70. Edge control means 70 will in turn send a signal to the hydraulic cylinder 72 to adjust the position of the support means 50 to maintain the desired edge position of the foil 14. Since suitable edge guiding apparatus is commercially available, it is not described in detail herein.

In addition to preventing wrinkling of the foil 14 through tension control, a bowed roll is provided which prevents wrinkling of the foil due to heat and tension, as the foil emerges from the drying oven 26. It is important that the bowed roll 80 be mounted such that it contacts the foil 14 prior to its contacting the first upper support roll 62. It is also important to mount the bowed roll 80 for rotation on the movable support means 50, in order to prevent wrinkles from being reintroduced into the foil.

As illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, the bowed roll is bent along its axis, and it contacts the major side 24 of the foil 14 as required to remove waves from, and prevent wrinkles in the foil. Adjustable bowed rolls are commercially available which allow the dihedral angle between the foil and the plane of the bow to be varied, and the bowed roll itself is mounted on arms 87 and 89, with the location of the bowed roll 80 relative to the foil 14 being adjustable. The bowed roll 80 includes an inner stationary axle, which may be adjustable to provide the desired radius of curvature, and an outer resilient sleeve which rotates about the stationary bowed axle on ball bearings. The foil 14 moving over the curved surface of the bowed roll 80 is subjected to a crosswise spreading action which imparts a gentle flattening force to the foil. As a general rule, the radius of curvature of the bowed roll 80 must be greater than the length of the incoming span of the foil, in order to prevent uncontrolled lateral wandering of the foil. The incoming span of the foil is the distance between the bowed roll and the last point at which the foil is supported prior to its coming into contact with the bowed roll. Since the strip is unsupported after being coated, and is unsupported in the drying oven 26, the incoming span of the foil 14 is necessarily long, which would limit the amount of curvature of the bowed roll and would thus limit its effectiveness in removing and preventing wrinkles in the foil 14. However, by mounting the bowed roll on the pivotable frame or support means 50, and by controlling the position of the edge of the foil 14 as the foil leaves the roll 64 and proceeds to the curing oven 30, the limitation on the radius of curvature of the bowed roll 80 is not as critical. In other words, the radius of curvature may be decreased to the dimension required to prevent wrinkles in the foil, without regard to the length of the incoming span of the foil. It has been found that a bowed roll adjusted to have a high point of 0.25 inches will give satisfactory results, with the bowed roll being located relative to the foil to provide about a to wrap of the foil on the surface of the bowed roll.

When the foil emerges from the drying oven 26 the enamel coating, although apparently dry, still contains some solvent, and the resins are uncured. When foil with hot uncured resin passes over a roll, it may stick to the roll and deform the foil. Thus, cooling means 82 may be disposed between the exit end of oven 26 and the bowed roll 80. Cooling means 82 may be constructed in a manner similar to cooling means 32, wherein a plurality of perforated pipes are disposed on opposite sides of the foil 14 and connected to an air supply, in order to circulate air over the hot foil to remove the heat therefrom.

In the operation of the web handling apparatus 12 the drive means 66 would be adjusted for the particular line speed to be utilized, to provide a free-running surface speed of the roller 64 which is predetermined, relative to the foil speed, to provide the desired tensions in the foil in the two heating zones. The angle of wrap of the foil on the bowed roll 80 is set by adjusting the position of the first roll 62. The dihedral angle of the bowed roll 80 would be set to the desired magnitude, and the sensing head 68 would be adjusted, as required, for the particular width of foil being coated. The foil 14 would then be unrolled from the supply roll 16, and coated with a liquid insulating means in the coating means 18. The foil then has the liquid coating dried in the first oven 26, with the elevated temperature of the heated foil being reduced by cooling means 82 as the foil leaves oven 26, to prevent the hot coated foil from sticking to the rolls disposed above the ovens. The foil is then directed over the bowed roll 80 to impart a flattening action thereto, to prevent the formation of wrinkles therein, following which the foil 14 is directed through the remainder of the first 90 turn over the first head roll 62. The foil then proceeds to the second roll 64, and is directed thereby through the second 90 turn. The second roll 64 either aids the foil by virtue of a higher free-running surface speed than the moving foil, or it acts as a drag on the foil by virtue of being adjusted to have a lower free-running surface speed than the foil speed, which controls the tensions in the foil in the two heating zones. The edge of the foil leaving the driven roll 64 is then sensed by sensing head 68, which provides an error signal when the edge is notin the desired location. The error signal is translated into the proper intelligence by the edge control means 70 for controlling a cylinder 72 connected to move the support means 50 about the vertical pivot axis 52. The amount of the displacement of the support means 50 is automatically adjusted to maintain accurate edge control of the foil 14 as it enters the drying oven 30. When the coatings on the foil 14 have been cured in the oven 30, the foil is cooled in cooling means 32 and then rewound into a roll 44 by an adjustable recoiling means. Thus, the web guiding means 12 makes it possible to coat commercial metallic foil of any desirable width, at line I ble vertical ovens of the coating line. The web guiding apparatus 12 eliminates problems encountered when directing hot, coated, imperfect metallic foil about two turns'at a high rate of speed. Offset pivot guiding of the foil, which includes a pivotable frame, with the pivoting of the frame being responsive to the position of an edge of the foil, is uniquely combined with means for controlling tension in the foil which includes a driven roll mounted for rotation on the pivotable support means. A bowed roll for removing waves and preventing wrinkles in the foil is also mounted for rotation on the pivotable support means, and is located to contact the foil after it leaves the first oven, and before it reaches the first overhead support roll.

While FIG. 1 illustrates only one layer of insulating material being applied to one or both sides of the metallic foil 14, it will be understood that the foil 14 may be subjected to any desired plurality of coating and heating steps, with web guiding apparatus 12 being disposed above each double vertical oven arrangement. For example, it is common to apply and cure four successive coats of insulation, applied one-eighth mil at a time, to achieve a total build dimension of one-half mil per side.

Since numerous changes may be made in the abovedescribed apparatus and difierent embodiments of the invention may be made without departing from the spirit thereof, it is intended that all matter contained in the foregoing description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

We claim as our invention:

1. Apparatus for providing a controlled change in the direction of a moving web, comprising:

support means,

first and second rolls mounted for rotation on said support means, on spaced first and second parallel axes, respectively, means for advancing a web over said first and second rolls, respectively, to change the direction of the moving web,

drive means connected to at least said second roll, providing a predetermined free-running surface speed of the second roll relative to the speed of the moving web, for controlling web tension,

edge guiding means providing a signal responsive to the location of an edge of the web,

means for pivoting said support means about an axis disposed at one end thereof, adjacent said first roll, with the pivot axis being substantially perpendicular to the major plane of the portion of the web which extends between said first and second rolls, said means pivoting said support means in response to a signal from said edge guiding means, to maintain the desired tracking of the web,

and a bowed roll mounted for rotation on said support means, said bowed roll contacting the advancing web before it contacts the first roll, said bowed roll smoothing the web and preventing wrinkles therein.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the web is a metallic foil, and the first and second rolls are upper supports for the foil in a vertical tower arrangement for applying an insulating coating on the foil.

3. The apparatus of claim 2 including coating means for applying an insulating coating to at least one side of the foil, and heating means for drying and curing the insulating coating.

4. The apparatus of claim 3 including a roll disposed to provide a predetermined span of foil between said roll and the bowed roll, with the foil being coated by the coating means and at least dried by the heating means in said predetermined span.

5. The apparatus of claim 4 wherein the radius of the bow of the bowed roll is less than the dimension of the predetermined span of foil between.

6. The apparatus of claim 4 including cooling means disposed to reduce the temperature of the foil before it contacts the bowed roll.

9. The apparatus of claim 8 including cooling means disposed between the first heating means and bowed roll, said cooling means reducing the temperature of the foil before it contacts the bowed roll.

10. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the axis about which the support means is pivoted, is tangent the bowed roll, in substantial alignment with the web as it advances towards the bowed roll.

Claims (10)

1. Apparatus for providing a controlled change in the direction of a moving web, comprising: support means, first and second rolls mounted for rotation on said support means, on spaced first and second parallel axes, respectively, means for advancing a web over said first and second rolls, respectively, to change the direction of the moving web, drive means connected to at least said second roll, providing a predetermined free-running surface speed of the second roll relative to the speed of the moving web, for controlling web tension, edge guiding means providing a signal responsive to the location of an edge of the web, means for pivoting said support means about an axis disposed at one end thereof, adjacent said first roll, with the pivot axis being substantially perpendicular to the major plane of the portion of the web which extends between said first and second rolls, said means pivoting said support means in response to a signal from said edge guiding means, to maintain the desired tracking of the web, and a bowed roll mounted for rotation on said support means, said bowed roll contacting the advancing web before it contacts the first roll, said bowed roll smoothing the web and preventing wrinkles therein.
2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the web is a metallic foil, and the first and second rolls are upper supports for the foil in a vertical tower arrangement for applying an insulating coating on the foil.
3. The apparatus of claim 2 including coating means for applying an insulating coating to at least one side of the foil, and heating means for drying and curing the insulating coating.
4. The apparatus of claim 3 including a roll disposed to provide a predetermined span of foil between said roll and the bowed roll, with the foil being coated by the coating means and at least dried by the heating means in said predetermined span.
5. The apparatus of claim 4 wherein the radius of the bow of the bowed roll is less than the dimension of the predetermined span of foil between.
6. The apparatus of claim 4 including cooling means disposed to reduce the temperature of the foil before it contacts the bowed roll.
7. The apparatus of claim 2 including coating means for applying an insulating coating to at least one side of the foil, and first and second heating means for drying and curing the insulating coating, respectively.
8. The apparatus of claim 7 wherein the coating means and first heating means are disposed to coat and heat the foil, respectively, prior to the foil''s contact with the bowed roll, and the second heating means is disposed to heat the advancing foil after it leaves the second roll.
9. The apparatus of claim 8 including cooling means disposed between the first heating means and bowed roll, said cooling means reducing the temperature of the foil before it contacts the bowed roll.
10. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the axis about which the support means is pivoted, is tangent the bowed roll, in substantial alignment with the web as it advances towards the bowed roll.
US842507A 1969-07-17 1969-07-17 Web guiding apparatus Expired - Lifetime US3602191A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US84250769A true 1969-07-17 1969-07-17

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3602191A true US3602191A (en) 1971-08-31

Family

ID=25287486

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US842507A Expired - Lifetime US3602191A (en) 1969-07-17 1969-07-17 Web guiding apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3602191A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3908042A (en) * 1971-01-15 1975-09-23 Maschf Augsburg Nuernberg Ag Process for the impregnation of fiber strands and tapes
US4013204A (en) * 1974-07-01 1977-03-22 Agfa-Gevaert N.V. Self-adjusting web-handling device
US4048952A (en) * 1976-04-12 1977-09-20 Columbia Ribbon & Carbon Mfg. Co., Inc. Direct ribbon inking by gravure
US4055612A (en) * 1972-02-15 1977-10-25 Peter Zimmer Treating of travelling webs
US4655166A (en) * 1979-12-26 1987-04-07 Hitachi, Ltd. Apparatus for preventing oscillation of running strip
EP0397030A2 (en) * 1989-05-09 1990-11-14 Koenig & Bauer Aktiengesellschaft Guiding device for an intermittently moving web
US5279666A (en) * 1992-04-02 1994-01-18 The Electric Furnace Company Hot bridle for metal treating line
US5567240A (en) * 1990-04-19 1996-10-22 Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Apparatus for manufacturing ceramic green sheet laminate for an electronic component
US6474528B2 (en) * 2000-05-11 2002-11-05 Erhardt + Leimer Gmbh Device for swiveling a rotary frame
US20040045996A1 (en) * 2002-09-06 2004-03-11 Lamothe Richard P. Web outfeed processing system for high performance printer
US20050189389A1 (en) * 2004-02-27 2005-09-01 Accuweb, Inc. Steering guide
US9303316B1 (en) * 2010-01-15 2016-04-05 Apollo Precision Kunming Yuanhong Limited Continuous web apparatus and method using an air to vacuum seal and accumulator

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2607588A (en) * 1948-07-09 1952-08-19 Eastman Kodak Co Web centering device
US3104789A (en) * 1963-09-24 figures
US3222895A (en) * 1961-12-01 1965-12-14 Monsanto Co Apparatus for treatment of napped fabric
US3326435A (en) * 1965-09-27 1967-06-20 Fife Mfg Company Inc Offset pivoted web guiding apparatus

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3104789A (en) * 1963-09-24 figures
US2607588A (en) * 1948-07-09 1952-08-19 Eastman Kodak Co Web centering device
US3222895A (en) * 1961-12-01 1965-12-14 Monsanto Co Apparatus for treatment of napped fabric
US3326435A (en) * 1965-09-27 1967-06-20 Fife Mfg Company Inc Offset pivoted web guiding apparatus

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3908042A (en) * 1971-01-15 1975-09-23 Maschf Augsburg Nuernberg Ag Process for the impregnation of fiber strands and tapes
US4055612A (en) * 1972-02-15 1977-10-25 Peter Zimmer Treating of travelling webs
US4013204A (en) * 1974-07-01 1977-03-22 Agfa-Gevaert N.V. Self-adjusting web-handling device
US4048952A (en) * 1976-04-12 1977-09-20 Columbia Ribbon & Carbon Mfg. Co., Inc. Direct ribbon inking by gravure
US4123569A (en) * 1976-04-12 1978-10-31 Columbia Ribbon & Carbon Manufacturing Co., Inc. Direct ribbon inking by gravure
US4655166A (en) * 1979-12-26 1987-04-07 Hitachi, Ltd. Apparatus for preventing oscillation of running strip
EP0397030A2 (en) * 1989-05-09 1990-11-14 Koenig & Bauer Aktiengesellschaft Guiding device for an intermittently moving web
EP0397030A3 (en) * 1989-05-09 1991-08-21 Koenig & Bauer Aktiengesellschaft Guiding device for an intermittently moving web
US5567240A (en) * 1990-04-19 1996-10-22 Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Apparatus for manufacturing ceramic green sheet laminate for an electronic component
US5279666A (en) * 1992-04-02 1994-01-18 The Electric Furnace Company Hot bridle for metal treating line
US6474528B2 (en) * 2000-05-11 2002-11-05 Erhardt + Leimer Gmbh Device for swiveling a rotary frame
US20040045996A1 (en) * 2002-09-06 2004-03-11 Lamothe Richard P. Web outfeed processing system for high performance printer
US20050189389A1 (en) * 2004-02-27 2005-09-01 Accuweb, Inc. Steering guide
US7303066B2 (en) 2004-02-27 2007-12-04 Accuweb, Inc. Steering guide
US9303316B1 (en) * 2010-01-15 2016-04-05 Apollo Precision Kunming Yuanhong Limited Continuous web apparatus and method using an air to vacuum seal and accumulator

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP0617165B1 (en) Method of calendering a paper web and a calender that makes use of the method
EP0544312B1 (en) Apparatus for wrapping annular articles
US5900218A (en) Web feeder with controlled electrostatic force and method
US3937270A (en) Twin-belt continuous casting method providing control of the temperature operating conditions at the casting belts
EP0222510B1 (en) Apparatus and method for coating elongated strip articles
US4354449A (en) Two sided coater
US3360412A (en) Process and system for producing heat sealed laminates
US6058844A (en) Method for minimizing web-fluting in heat-set, web-offset printing presses
US2774327A (en) Apparatus for production of coated tape
US5151147A (en) Coated article production system
JP4838543B2 (en) Double-side coated substrate transport device
US2269169A (en) Process for coating supports
JP3122599B2 (en) Apparatus and method for processing material sheets
EP0299492A2 (en) Method and apparatus for applying a coating liquid to a moving web
US4886680A (en) Coating of web materials
GB2096025A (en) Coating both surfaces of a moving web
RU2478235C2 (en) Manufacturing method of insulated electric conductor, and device for its manufacture
SE8603327D0 (en) DEVICE FOR COATING A MATERIAL COAT
US4537801A (en) Coating method and apparatus
US9486828B2 (en) Dual coating system
US3036927A (en) Method of coating vinyl film with a surfacing color
CA1304217C (en) Taper for hot taping of an electrical conductor
CN102009034B (en) Method for drying applied film and drying apparatus
WO2002074672A1 (en) Web-processing apparatus
US4293508A (en) Method and apparatus for longitudinally stretching a substantially amorphous polyethylene terephthalate film